TOXIC ALGAL BLOOMS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON SHELLFISH

References provided by Sandra Shumway, Southampton College, Long Island University

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There is a series of books that contain papers presented at international conferences on toxic and harmful microalgae. They are excellent references and include:

LoCicero, V.R. (ed) Proceedings of the First International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms. Massachusetts Science and Technology Foundation, Wakefield, Massachusetts. 1975.

Taylor, D.L. and H.H. Seliger (eds) Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms. Elsevier/North holland: NY. 1978.

Anderson, D.M., A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds) Toxic Dinoflagellates. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellates. Elsevier: NY. 1985.

Granéli, E., Bo Sundström, L. Edler and D.M. Anderson (eds) Toxic Marine Phytoplankton. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Toxic Marine Phytoplankton. Elsevier: NY 1990.

Smayda, T.J. and Y. Shimuzu (eds) Toxic Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Toxic Marine Phytoplankton. Elsevier: Amsterdam. 1993.

Lassus, P., G. Arzul, E. E-Le Denn, P. Gentien, C. Marcaillou-LeBaut (eds) Harmful Marine Algal Blooms. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Toxic Marine Phytoplankton. Lavoisier: Paris. 1995.

Cosper, E.M., V.M. Bricelj, and E.J. Carpenter (eds) Novel Phytoplankton Blooms: Causes and Impactas of Recurrent Brown Tides and other Unusual Blooms. Springer-Verlag: NY. 1989.

Okaichi, T., D.M. Anderson, and T. Nemoto (eds). Red Tides: Biology, Environmental Science and Toxicology. Elsevier: NY 1989.


Specific review papers dealing with the impact s of harmful algae on shellfish include:

Gainey, L.F. and S.E. Shumway. 1988. A compendium of the respoonses of bivalve molluscs to toxic dinoflagellates. J. Shellfish Researach 7: 6223-628.

Hallegraeff, G.M. 1993. A review of harmful algal blooms and their apparent global increase. Phycologia 32: 79-99.

Maclean, J.L. 1993. Developing-dountry aquaculture and harmful algal blooms. p. 252-284. In R.S.V. Pullin, H. Rosenthal and J.L. Maclean (eds). Environment and aquaculture in developing countries. ICLARM COnf. Proc. 31, 359p.

Shumway, S.E. and T.L. Cucci. 1987. The effects of the toxic dinoflagellate Protogonyaulax tamarensis on the feeding and behaviour of bivalve molluscs. Aquatic Toxicology 10: 9-27.

Shumway, S.E. 1990. A review of the effects of algal blooms on shellfish and aquaculture. J. World Aquaculture Society 21(2): 65-104.

Shumway, S.E., J. Barter and S. Sherman-Caswell. 1990. Auditing the impact of toxic algal blooms on oysters. Environmental Auditor 2: 41-56.

Shumway, S.E. and A.D. Cembella. 1993. The impact of toxic algae on scallop culture and fisheries. Reviews in Fisheries Science 1: 121-150.

Shumway, S.E. 1995. Phycotoxin-related shellfish posoning: bivalve molluscs are not the only vectors. Reviews in Fisheries Science 3(1): 1-31.

van Egmond, H., T. Aune, P. Lassus, G.J.A. Speijers, and M. Waldock. 1993. Paralytic and diarrhoeic shellfish poisons: occurrence in Europe, toxicity, analysis and regulation. Journal of natural Toxins 2: 41-

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