Marine Reserves and Protected Areas

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Agardy, M.T. 1994. Advances in marine conservation: the role of marine protected areas. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 9: 267-270


Alcala, A.C. 1988. Effects of marine reserves on coral fish abundances and yields of Philippine coral reefs. Ambio 17 (3): 194-199


Carr, M.H. and D.C. Reed. 1993. Conceptual issues relevant to marine harvest refuges: examples from temperate reef fishes. Canad. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50: 2019-2028.


Davis, G.E. 1981. On the role of underwater parks and sanctuaries in the management of coastal resources in the southeastern United States. Env. Conserv. 8: 67-70.


Dugan, J.E. 1993. Applications of marine refugia to coastal fisheries management. Canad. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50: 2029-2042.


Frank, K.T. and W.C. Leggett. 1994. Fisheries ecology in the context of ecological and evolutionary theory. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 25: 423-441.


Ludwig, D. Hilborn, R., and C. Walters. 1993. Uncertainty, resource exploitation, and conservation: lessons from history. Science 260: 17-36.


McNeill, S.E. 1994. The selection and design of marine protected areas: australia as a case study. Biodiversity and Conservation 3: 586-605.


Roberts, C.M. 1997. Ecological advice for the global fisheries crisis. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12: 35-38.


Rogers-Bennett, L., Bennett, W.A. H.C. Fastenau and C.M. Dewees 1995. Spatial variation in red sea urchin reproduction and morphology:implications for harvest refugia. Ecol. Applic. 5: 1171-1180.


Ruckelshaus, M.H. and C.G. Hayes. 1997. Conservation and management of species in the sea. In P. Fiedler and P. Kareiva, eds., Conservation Biology for the Coming Decade, Chapman and Hall.


Tegner, M.J. 1993. Southern California Abalones: Can stocks be rebuilt using marine harvest refugia? Canad. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50: 2010-2018.