FATE OF ORGANIC MATTER IN SEDIMENTS

Contributed by:

Lawrence M. Mayer
Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, Walpole ME 04573 USA
Phone (207-563-3146, ext. 237). Fax (207-563-3119).

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Summary papers in the field:

Henrichs, S.M., 1992. Early diagenesis of organic matter in marine
sediments: progress and perplexity. Mar. Chem. 39:119-149.

Mayer, L.M., 1993. Organic matter at the sediment-water interface. IN:
Organic Geochemistry (Engel, M. and Macko, S., Eds.), Plenum, pp. 171-184.

Hedges, J.I., and R.G. Keil, 1995. Sedimentary organic matter
preservation: an assessment and speculative synthesis. Mar. Chem.
49:81-115.

Romankevich, E.A., 1984. Geochemistry of Organic Matter in the Ocean.
Springer-Verlag.

Emerson, S. and J.I. Hedges, 1988. Processes controlling the organic
carbon content of open ocean sediments. Paleoceanography 3:621-634.

Classic research papers in the field:

Aller, R.A. and J.I. Yingst, 1980. Relationships between microbial
distributions and the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in surface
sediments of Long Island Sound, U.S.A., Mar. Biol. 56:29-42.

Berner, R.A. 1982. Burial of organic matter and pyrite in the modern
ocean: its geochemical and environmental significance. Amer. J. Sci.
282:451-475.

Rice, D.L. 1982. The detritus nitrogen problem: new observations and
perspectives from organic geochemistry. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9:153-162.

Wassmann, P. (1984) Sedimentation and benthic mineralization of organic
detritus in a Norwegian fjord. Mar. Biol. 83:83-94.

Westrich, J. and Berner, R.A. (1984) The role of sedimentary organic
matter in bacterial sulfate reduction: The G-model tested. Limnol.
Oceanogr. 29:236-249.

Henrichs, S.M. and W.S. Reeburgh, 1987. Anaerobic mineralization of marine sediment organic matter: Rates and the role of anaerobic processes in the oceanic carbon economy. Geomicrobiology J. 5:191-237.

Froelich, P.N. et al. 1979. Early oxidation of organic matter in pelagic
sediments of the eastern equatorial Atlantic: Suboxic diagenesis. Geochim.
Cosmochim. Acta 43:1075-1090.


Recent contributions:

Hedges, J.I., W.A. Clark, and G.L. Cowie, 1988. Fluxes and reactivities of
organic matter in a coastal marine bay. Limnol. Oceanogr. 33:1137-1152.

Martens, C.S., R. Haddad, and J.P. Chanton, 1992. Organic matter
accumulation, remineralization and burial in an anoxic coastal sediment.
In: J.K. Whelan and J.W. Farrington (eds), Organic Matter: Productivity,
Accumulation , and Preservation in Recent and Ancient Sediments, Columbia
Univ. Press, NY.

Lee, C. 1992. Controls on organic carbon preservation: The use of
stratified water bodies to compare intrinsic rates of decomposition in oxic
and anoxic systems. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56:3323-3335,

Rudnick, D.T. and C.A. Oviatt, 1986. Seasonal lags between organic matter
deposition and mineralization in marine sediments. J. Mar. Res. 44:815-837.

Canuel, E.A. and C.S. Martens, 1993. Seasonal variations in the sources
and alteration of organic matter associated with recently-deposited
sediments. Org. Geochem. 20:563-577.

Mayer, L.M., Schick, L.L., Sawyer, T., Plante, C., Jumars, P.A., and Self,
R.L., 1995. Bioavailable amino acids in sediments: A biomimetic,
kinetics-based approach, Limnology and Oceanography, 40:511-520.

Sun, M-Y., C. Lee, and R.C. Aller, 1993. Laboratory studies of oceanic and
anoxic degradation of chlorophyll-a in Long Island Sound sediments.
Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57:147-157.

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