Contributed by:

Lawrence M. Mayer
Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, Walpole ME 04573 USA
Phone (207-563-3146, ext. 237). Fax (207-563-3119).

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Summary papers in the field:

Henrichs, S.M., 1992. Early diagenesis of organic matter in marine
sediments: progress and perplexity. Mar. Chem. 39:119-149.

Mayer, L.M., 1993. Organic matter at the sediment-water interface. IN:
Organic Geochemistry (Engel, M. and Macko, S., Eds.), Plenum, pp. 171-184.

Hedges, J.I., and R.G. Keil, 1995. Sedimentary organic matter
preservation: an assessment and speculative synthesis. Mar. Chem.

Romankevich, E.A., 1984. Geochemistry of Organic Matter in the Ocean.

Emerson, S. and J.I. Hedges, 1988. Processes controlling the organic
carbon content of open ocean sediments. Paleoceanography 3:621-634.

Classic research papers in the field:

Aller, R.A. and J.I. Yingst, 1980. Relationships between microbial
distributions and the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in surface
sediments of Long Island Sound, U.S.A., Mar. Biol. 56:29-42.

Berner, R.A. 1982. Burial of organic matter and pyrite in the modern
ocean: its geochemical and environmental significance. Amer. J. Sci.

Rice, D.L. 1982. The detritus nitrogen problem: new observations and
perspectives from organic geochemistry. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9:153-162.

Wassmann, P. (1984) Sedimentation and benthic mineralization of organic
detritus in a Norwegian fjord. Mar. Biol. 83:83-94.

Westrich, J. and Berner, R.A. (1984) The role of sedimentary organic
matter in bacterial sulfate reduction: The G-model tested. Limnol.
Oceanogr. 29:236-249.

Henrichs, S.M. and W.S. Reeburgh, 1987. Anaerobic mineralization of marine sediment organic matter: Rates and the role of anaerobic processes in the oceanic carbon economy. Geomicrobiology J. 5:191-237.

Froelich, P.N. et al. 1979. Early oxidation of organic matter in pelagic
sediments of the eastern equatorial Atlantic: Suboxic diagenesis. Geochim.
Cosmochim. Acta 43:1075-1090.

Recent contributions:

Hedges, J.I., W.A. Clark, and G.L. Cowie, 1988. Fluxes and reactivities of
organic matter in a coastal marine bay. Limnol. Oceanogr. 33:1137-1152.

Martens, C.S., R. Haddad, and J.P. Chanton, 1992. Organic matter
accumulation, remineralization and burial in an anoxic coastal sediment.
In: J.K. Whelan and J.W. Farrington (eds), Organic Matter: Productivity,
Accumulation , and Preservation in Recent and Ancient Sediments, Columbia
Univ. Press, NY.

Lee, C. 1992. Controls on organic carbon preservation: The use of
stratified water bodies to compare intrinsic rates of decomposition in oxic
and anoxic systems. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56:3323-3335,

Rudnick, D.T. and C.A. Oviatt, 1986. Seasonal lags between organic matter
deposition and mineralization in marine sediments. J. Mar. Res. 44:815-837.

Canuel, E.A. and C.S. Martens, 1993. Seasonal variations in the sources
and alteration of organic matter associated with recently-deposited
sediments. Org. Geochem. 20:563-577.

Mayer, L.M., Schick, L.L., Sawyer, T., Plante, C., Jumars, P.A., and Self,
R.L., 1995. Bioavailable amino acids in sediments: A biomimetic,
kinetics-based approach, Limnology and Oceanography, 40:511-520.

Sun, M-Y., C. Lee, and R.C. Aller, 1993. Laboratory studies of oceanic and
anoxic degradation of chlorophyll-a in Long Island Sound sediments.
Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57:147-157.

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