CONNECTIONS BETWEEN ESTUARIES AND THE SHELF

 

Contributed by Richard Dame, Marine Science Department, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, South Carolina 29528-6054

 

 

SOME REVIEW AND CLASSIC PAPERS

 

Dame, R.F. 1996. Between estuaries and the sea. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 200: 169-185.

 

Nixon, S.W. 1980. Between coastal marshes and coastal waters - A review of twenty years of speculation and research on the role of salt marshes in estuarine productivity. In, Estuarine and Wetland Processes, edited by P. Hamilton and K.B. MacDonald, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 437-525.

 

Norcross, B.L. & R.F. Shaw. 1984. Oceanic and estuarine transportof fish eggs and larvae: a review. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., Vol. 115, pp. 155-165.

 

Odum, E.P. 1980. The status of three ecosystem level hypotheses regarding salt marshes: tidal subsidy, outwelling and the detritus based food chain. In, Estuarine Perspectives, edited by V.S. Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, pp. 485-496.

 

USEFUL REFERENCES

 

Abd.Aziz, S. & D.B. Nedwell. 1986. The nitrogen cycle of an east

coast, U.K. saltmarsh: II. Nitrogen fixation, nitrification,

denitrification, tidal exchange. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., Vol. 22,

pp. 680-704.

 

Asjes, J. & N. Dankers. 1994. Variations in tidal

exchange processes between a Dutch salt marsh, the Slufter and the

North Sea. In, Global Wetlands Old World and New, edited by W.J.

Mitsch, Elsevier, New York, pp. 201-214.

 

Axelrad, D.M. 1974. Nutrient Flux Through the Salt Marsh Ecosystem. Ph. D. thesis, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia. Boehlert, G.W. & B.C. Mundy. 1988. Roles of behavioral and physical factors in larval and juvenile fish recruitment to estuarine nursery areas. Am.Fish. Soc. Symp., Vol. 3, pp. 51-67.

 

Boicourt, W.C. 1982. Estuarine larval retention mechanisms on two scales. In, Estuarine Comparisons, edited by V. Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, pp. 445-457.

 

Boorman, L.A., J. Hazelden, P.J. Loveland, J.G. Wells & J.E. Levasseur. 1994a. Comparative relationships between primary productivity and organic and nutrient fluxes in four European saltmarshes. In, Global Wetlands Old World and New, edited by W.J. Mitsch, Elsevier, New York, pp. 181-199.

 

Boorman, L.A., J. Hazelden, R. Andrews & J.G. Wells. 1994b. Organic and nutrient fluxes in four north-west European salt marshes. In, Changes in Fluxes in Estuaries: Implications from Science and Management, edited by K.R.Dyer and R.J. Orth, Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, pp. 243-248.

 

Borey, R.B., P.A. Harcombe & F.M. Fisher. 1983. Water and organic carbon

fluxes from an irregularly flooded brackish marsh on the upper Texas

coast, USA. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., Vol. 16, pp. 379-402.

 

Bousfield, E.L. 1955. Ecological control of the occurrence of barnacles in the Miramichi estuary. Bull. Natn. Mus. Can. Biol.Ser., Vol. 137, pp. 1-65.

 

Bowden, K.F. 1967. Circulation and diffusion. In, Estuaries, edited by G.H. Lauff, AAAS, Washington,

pp. 15-36.

 

Boynton, W.R., J.R. Garber, R. Summers, & W.M. Kemp. 1995.

Inputs, transformations, and transport of nitrogen and phosphorus

in Chesapeake Bay and selected tributaries. Estuaries, Vol. 18, pp.

285-314.

 

Breitburg, D.L. 1992. Episodic hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay:

interacting effects of recruitment, behavior, and physical

disturbance. Ecol. Monogr., Vol. 64, pp. 525-546. Chalmers, A.G.,

R.G. Wiegert, & P.L. Wolf. 1985. Carbon balance in a salt marsh:

interactions of diffusive export, tidal deposition, and rainfall -

caused erosion. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., Vol. 21, pp. 757-771.

 

Childers, D.L. 1994. Fifteen years of marsh flumes: a review of

marsh-water column interactions in southeastern USA estuaries. In:

Global Wetlands: Old World and New, edited by W.J. Mitsch, Elsevier,

New York, pp. 277-293.

 

Christy, J.H. & S.E. Stancyk. 1982. Timing of larval production and flux of invertebrate larvae in a well-mixed estuary. In, Estuarine Comparisons, edited by V.S. Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, pp. 489-503.

 

Chrzanowski, T. & R. Zingmark. 1986. Passive filtering of microbial biomass by Spartina alterniflora. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., 22, pp. 545-557.

 

Crawford, D.W. & D.A. Purdie. 1992. Evidence for avoidance of flushing from an estuary by a planktonic, phototrophic ciliate. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 79, pp. 259-265.

 

Daly, M.A. & A.C. Mathieson. 1981. Nutrient fluxes

within a small north temperate salt marsh. Mar. Biol., Vol. 61, pp.

337-342.

 

Dame, R.F. 1989. The importance of Spartina alterniflora

to Atlantic coast estuaries. Crit. Rev. Aqua. Sci., Vol. 1, pp.

639-660.

 

Dame, R.F. 1993. The role of bivalve filter feeder material

fluxes in estuarine ecosystems, In, Bivalve Filter Feeders in

Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Processes, edited by R. F. Dame,

Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 245-269.

 

Dame, R.F. 1994. The net flux of materials between marsh-estuarine systems and the sea: the Atlantic coast of the United States. In, Global Wetlands Old World and New, edited by W.J. Mitsch, Elsevier, New York, pp. 295-302.

 

Dame, R.F., D. Childers & E. Koepfler. 1992. A geohydrologic

continuum theory for the spatial and temporal evolution of

marsh-estuarine ecosystems. Neth. J. Sea Res., Vol. 30, pp. 63-72.

 

Dame, R.F., T.H. Chrzanowski, K. Bildstein, B. Kjerfve, H. McKellar,

D. Nelson, J.D. Spurrier, S. Stancyk, H. Stevenson, F.J. Vernberg, &

R.G. Zingmark. 1986. The outwelling hypothesis and North Inlet,

South Carolina. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 33, pp. 217-229.

 

Dame,R.F., J.D. Spurrier, T.M. Williams, B. Kjerfve, R.G. Zingmark, T.G.

Wolaver, T.H. Chrzanowski, H. McKellar & F.J. Vernberg. 1991.

Annual material processing by a salt marsh-estuarine basin in South

Carolina. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 72, pp. 153-166.

 

Dankers, N.,M. Binsbergen, K. Zegers, R. Laane & M.R. van der Loeff. 1984.

Transportation of water, particulate and dissolved organic and

inorganic matter between a salt marsh and the Ems-Dollard estuary,

The Netherlands. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., Vol. 19, pp. 143-165.

 

Deegan, L.A. 1993. Nutrient and energy transport between estuaries

and coastal marine ecosystems by fish migration. Can. J. Fish.

Aquat. Sci., Vol. 50, pp. 74-79. de Wolf, P. 1973. Ecological

observation on the mechanisms of dispersal of barnacle larvae during

planktonic life and settlement. Neth. J. Sea Res., Vol. 6, pp.

1-129.

 

Dittel, A.T. & C.E. Epifanio. 1982. Seasonal abundance and

distribution of crab larvae in Delaware Bay. Estuaries, Vol. 5, pp.

197-202.

 

Dronkers, J. 1988. Inshore/offshore water exchange in

shallow coastal systems. In, Coastal-Offshore Ecosystem

Interactions, edited by B-O. Jansson, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp.

3-39.

 

Edwards, R.R.C. 1977. Field experiments on growth and

mortality of Penaeus vannamei in a Mexican coastal lagoon complex.

Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci., Vol. 5, pp. 107-121. Epifanio, C.E. 1988.

Transport of invertebrate larvae between estuaries and the

continental shelf. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp., Vol. 3, pp. 104-114.

 

Fortier, L. & W.C. Leggett. 1985. A drift study of larval fish

survival. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 25, pp. 245-257.

 

Forward, R.B.& T.W. Cronin. 1980. Tidal rhythms of activity and phototaxis of an estuarine crab larva. Biol. Bull., Vol. 158, pp. 295-303.

 

Gordon, D.C. & P.J. Cranford. 1994. Export of organic matter from

macrotidal salt marshes in the upper Bay of Fundy, Canada. In:

Global Wetlands: Old World and New, edited by W.J. Mitsch, Elsevier,

New York, pp. 257-264.

 

Groen, P. 1967. On the residual transport of suspended matter by an alternating tidal current. Neth. J. Sea Res., Vol. 3, pp. 564-674.

 

Haines, E.B. 1977. The origins of detritus in

Georgia salt marsh estuaries. Oikos, Vol. 29, pp. 254-260. Happ, G.,

J.G. Gosselink & J.W. Day. 1977. The seasonal distribution of

organic carbon in a Louisiana estuary. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci.,

Vol. 5, pp. 695-705.

 

Heinle, D.R. & D.A. Flemer. 1976. Flows ofmaterials between poorly flooded tidal marshes and an estuary. Mar. Biol., Vol. 35, pp. 359-373.

 

Hemminga, M.A., V.A. Klap, J. van Soelen, J. De Leeuw & J.J. Boon. Shifts in seston characteristics after inundation of a European coastal salt marsh. Limnol. Oceanogr., Vol. 37, pp. 1559-1564.

 

Hopkinson, C.S. 1985. Shallow-water benthic and pelagic metabolism - evidence of heterotrophy in the nearshore Georgia Bight. Mar. Biol., Vol. 87, pp. 19-32.

 

Hopkinson, C.S. 1988. Patterns of organic carbon exchange

between coastal ecosystems - The mass balance approach in salt marsh

ecosystems. In, Coastal-Offshore Ecosystem Interactions, edited by

B-O. Jansson, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 122-154.

 

Hopkinson, C.S. & R. Hoffman. 1984. The estuary extended - A recipient-system study of estuarine outwelling in Georgia. In, The Estuary As A Filter, edited by V. Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, pp. 313-330.

 

Hughs. D.A. 1972. On the endogenous control of tide-associated

displacements of pink shrimp, Penaeus duorarum Burkenroad. Biol.

Bull., Vol. 136, pp. 271-280.

 

Jansson, B-O. 1988. Coastal-Offshore Ecosystem Interactions. Springer-Verlag, New York, 367 pp. Johnson, G.E. & J.J. Gonor. 1982. The tidal exchange of Callianassa californiensis (Crustacea, Decapoda) larvae between the ocean and the Salmon river estuary, Oregon. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., Vol. 14, pp. 501-516.

 

Kemp, W.M, W.R. Boynton, R.R. Twilley, J.C. Stevenson & L.G. Ward. 1984. Influences of submersed vascular plants on ecological processes in upper Chesapeake Bay. In, The Estuary As A Filter, edited by V. Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, pp. 367-394.

 

Kjerfve, B. 1975. Velocity averaging in estuaries characterized by

a large tidal range to depth ratio. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci., Vol.

3, pp. 311-323.

 

Kjerfve, B. 1989. Estuarine geomorphology and

physical oceanography. In, Estuarine Ecology, edited by J. Day, C.

Hall, M. Kemp and A. Yanezz-Arancibia, Wiley, New York, pp. 47-78.

 

Kjerfve, B. & J. Proehl. 1979. Velocity variability in a

cross- section of a well-mixed estuary. J. Mar. Res., Vol. 37, pp.

409-418.

 

Lefeuvre, J.C. & R.F. Dame. 1994. Comparative studies of

salt marsh processes in the New and Old Worlds: an introduction.

In, Global Wetlands Old World and New, edited by W.J. Mitsch,

Elsevier, New York, pp. 169-179.

 

Little, K.T. & C.E. Epifanio. 1991. Mechanism for the re-invasion of an estuary by two species of brachyuran megalopae. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 68, pp. 235-242.

 

Lotrich, V.A., W.H. Meredith, S.B. Weisberg, L.E. Hurd & F.C. Daiber.

1978. Dissolved and particulate nutrient fluxes via tidal exchange

between a salt marsh and lower Delaware Bay. 5th Estuarine Research

Conference. Abstract.

 

Meade, R.H. 1969. Landward transport of bottom sediments in estuaries of the Atlantic coastal plain. J. Sed. Petrol., Vol. 39, pp. 222-234.

 

Moll, R.A. 1977. Phytoplankton in a temperate-zone salt marsh: net production and exchange with coastalwaters. Mar. Biol., Vol. 42, pp. 109-118.

 

Odum, E.P. 1968. A research challenge: evaluating the

productivity of coastal and estuarine water. Proceedings of the 2nd

Sea Grant Conference, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, pp.

63-64.

 

Odum, E.P. 1969. The strategy of ecosystem development.

Science, Vol. 164, pp. 262-270.

 

 

Odum, W.E., J.S.Fisher & J.C. Pickral. 1979. Factors

controlling the flux of particulate organic carbon from wetlands.

In, Ecological Processes in Coastal and Marine Systems, edited by

R.J. Livingston. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 69-80.

 

Olmi, E.J. 1994. Vertical migration of blue crab Callinectes sapidus megalopae: implications for transport in estuaries. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol.

113, pp. 39-54.

 

Postma, H. 1967. Sediment transport and sedimentation in the estuarine environment. In, Estuaries, edited by G.H. Lauff, AAAS, Washington, pp. 158-179.

 

Postma, H. 1980. Sediment transport and sedimentation. In, Chemistry and Biochemistry of Estuaries, edited by E. Olausson and I. Cato, Wiley, New York, pp.153-186.

 

Postma, H. 1981. Exchange of materials between the North

Sea and the Wadden Sea. Mar. Geol., Vol. 40, pp. 199-213.

 

Rowe, P.M. & C.E. Epifanio. 1994a. Tidal stream transport of weakfish larvae

in Delaware Bay, USA. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 110, pp. 105-114.

 

 

Rowe, P.M. & C.E. Epifanio. 1994b. Flux and transport of larval

weakfish in Delaware Bay, USA. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol. 110, pp.

115-120.

 

Roman, M.R., M.R. Reeve & J.L. Froggatt. 1983. Carbon

production and export from Biscayne Bay, Florida. I. Temporal

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Sandifer, P.A. 1975. The role of pelagic larvae in recruitment to populations of adult decapod crustaceans in the York River estuary and adjacent lower Chesapeake Bay, Virginia. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci., Vol. 3, pp. 269-279.

 

Shaw, R.F., W.J. Wiseman, R.E. Turner, L.J. Rouse & R.E. Condrey. 1985.

Transport of larval gulf menhaden Brevoortia patronus in continental

shelf waters of western Louisiana: a hypothesis. Trans. Am. Fish.

Soc., Vol. 114, pp. 452-460.

 

Short, F.T. & C.A. Short. 1984. The seagrass filter: purification of estuarine and coastal waters. In, The Estuary As A Filter, edited by V. Kennedy, Academic Press, New York, pp. 395-413.

 

Smaal, A.C. and T.C. Prins 1993. The uptake of organic matter and the release of inorganic nutrients by bivalve suspension feeder bed. In, Bivalve Filter Feeders in Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Processes, edited by R.F. Dame, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 273-298.

 

Smith, S.V. 1984. Phosphorus versus

nitrogen limitation in the marine environment. Limnol. Oceanogr.,

Vol. 29, pp. 1149- 1160.

 

Stancyk, S.E. & R.J. Feller. 1986. Transport of non-decapod invertebrate larvae in estuaries: an overview. Bull. Mar. Sci., Vol. 39, pp. 257-268.

 

Swift, D.J.P. 1976. Coastal sedimentation. In, Marine Sediment Transport and Environmental Management, edited by D.J.P Swift & D.J. Stanley,

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Teal, J.M. 1962. Energy flow in the salt marsh ecosystem of Georgia. Ecology Vol. 43, pp. 614-624.

 

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Valiela, I., J.M. Teal, S. Volkmann, D. Shafer &

E.J. Carpernter. 1978. Nutrient and particulate fluxes in a salt

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& W.A. Reiners. 1975. Ecosystem succession and nutrient retention:

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Vouglitois, J.J., K.W. Able, R.J. Kurtz, & K.A. Tighe. 1987. Life history and population dynamics of the bay anchovy in New Jersey. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., Vol. 116, pp. 141-153.

 

Ward, L.G. 1981. Suspended-material transport in marsh tidal channels, Kiawah Island, South Carolina. Mar. Geol.,Vol. 40, pp. 139-154.

 

Welch, B.L. 1980. Comparative nutrient dynamics of a marsh-mudflat ecosystem. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci., Vol. 10, pp. 143-164.

 

Wilmot, W., P. Toll & B. Kjerfve. 1985. Nutrient transports in a Swedish estuary. Estuar. Coast. Shelf. Sci., Vol. 21, pp. 161-184.

 

Wolff, W.J., M.J. van Eeden & E. Lammens. 1979. Primary production and import of particulate organic matter on a salt marsh in The Netherlands. Neth. J. Sea Res., Vol. 13, pp. 242-255.

 

Wood, L. & Hargis, W.J. 1971. Transport of bivalve

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Woodwell, G.M., R.A. Houghton, C.A.S. Hall, D.E. Whitney, R.A. Moll & D.W. Juers. 1979. The Flax Pond ecosystem study: the annual metabolism and nutrient budget of a salt marsh. In: Ecological Processes in Coastal Environments, edited by R.L. Jefferies and A.J. Davy, Blackwell, London, pp. 491-511.