CORAL DISEASE REFERENCES

 

compiled by HARVELL AND KIM, Cornell University, Section of Ecology and Systematics, Ithaca NY 14853)

 

Antonius A. 1981. The "band" diseases in coral reefs. Proc 6th Int Coral Reef Symp 2: 7-14.

Antonius, A. 1985. Coral disease in the Indo-Pacific: A first record. PSZNI Mar Ecol 6:197-218.

Carlton RG & LL Richardson. 1995. Oxygen and sulfide dynamics in a horizontally migrating cyanobacterial mat: black band disease of corals. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 18: 155-162.

Colwell RR. 1996. Global climate and infectious disease: the cholera paradigm. Science 274: 2025-2031.

Diaz JM, J Garzon-Ferreira & S Zea. 1995. Los arrecifes coralinos de la isla de San Andres, Colombia: estado actual y perspectivas para su conservacion. Academia Colombianade Ciences Exactas, Fiscas, y Naturales. Coleccion Jorge Alvarez Lyeras, No. 7.

Dungan ML, TE Miller, Da Thompson. 1982. Catastrophic decline of a top carnivore in the Gulf of California rocky intertidal zone. Science 216: 989-981

Edmunds PJ. 1991. Extent and effect of black band disease on a Caribbean reef. Coral Reefs 10: 161-165.

Feingold J. 1988. Ecological studies of a cyanobacterial infection on the Caribbean sea plume Pseudoptergorgia acerosa (Coelenterata: Octocorallia). Proc 6th Int Coral Reef Symp 3: 157-162.

Fell JW & IM Master. 1973. Fungi associated with the degradation of mangrove (Rhizophora mangle L.) leaves in South Florida. In: LH Stevenson & RR Colwell (eds), Estuarine Microbial Ecology. B.W. Baruch Library in Marine Science No. 1. Pp 455-465.

Garnett GP & EC Holmes. 1996. The ecology of emergent infectious disease. Bioscience 46: 127-145.

Garrett L. 1994. The coming plague: newly emerging diseases in a world out of balance. Farrar Straus and Giroux, New York. Pp 750.

Garrett P & H Ducklow. 1975. Coral diseases in Bermuda. Nature 253: 349-350.

Garzun-Ferreira J & S Zea. 1992. A mass mortality of Gorgonia ventalina (Cnidaria: Gorgoniidae) in the Santa Marta Area, Caribbean coast of Colombia. Bull Mar Sci 50: 522-526.

Gilbert GS & SP Hubbell. 1996. Plant diseases and the conservation of tropical forests. Bioscience 46: 98-106.

Goldberg W, J Makemson & S Colley. 1984. Entocladia endozoica sp. nov., a pathogenic chlorophyte: structure. life history, physiology and effect on its coral host. Biol Bull 166: 368-383.

Guzmán HM. & J Cortés. 1984. Mortandad de Gorgonia flabellum Linnaeus (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae) en la Costa Caribe de Costa Rica. Rev Biol Trop 32: 305-308.

Johnson TW. 1968. Saprobic marine fungi. In: GC Ainsworth & AS Sussman (eds). The Fungi. An advanced treatise, Vol III. The fungal population, Academic Press, NY, Pp 95 - 104.

Kushmaro A, Y Loya, M Fine & E Rosenberg. 1996. Bacterial infection and coral bleaching. Nature 380: 396.

Laydoo R. 1983 Recent mass mortality of gorgonians in Trinidad. Unpub Rep, Institute of Marine Affairs, Trinidad, West Indies.

Le Campion-Alsumard, T, S. Golubic and K. Priess .1995. Fungi in corals: symbiosis or disease? Interaction between polyps and fungi causes pearl-like skeleton biomineralization. Mar. Ecol progr Ser 117: 137-147.

Lessios HA. 1988. Mass mortality of Diadema antillarum in the Caribbean: What have we learned? Ann Rev Ecol Syst 19: 371-93.

Lessios HA, DR Robertson, JD Cubit. 1984. Spread of Diadema mortality through the Caribbean. Science 222: 715.

Morse DE, ANC Morse & H Duncan. 1977. Algal "tumors" in the Caribbean sea fan, Gorgonia ventalina. Proc 3rd Int Coral Reef Symp. 1: 623-629.

Morse DE, A Morse, H Duncan & RK Trench. 1981. Algal tumors in the Caribbean octocorallian, Gorgonia ventalina: II. Biochemical characterization of the algae, and first epidemiological observations. Bull Mar Sci 31: 399-409.

Nagelkerken I, K Buchan, GW Smith, K Bonair, P Bush, J Garzun-Ferreira, L Botero, P Gayle, C Heberer, C Petrovic, L Pors & P. Yoshioka. In press. Widespread tissue mortality in Caribbean sea fans. International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama.

Nagelkerken I, K Buchan, GW Smith, K Bonair, P Bush, J Garzun-Ferreira, L Botero, P Gayle, D Harvell, C Heberer, K Kim, C Petrovic, L Pors & P. Yoshioka. In Press. Widespread disease in Caribbean Sea fans: II. Patterns of infection and tissue loss. Marine Biology.

Newell SY. 1973. Succession and role of fungi in the degradation of red mangrove seedlings. In: LH Stevenson & RR Colwell (eds), Estuarine Microbial Ecology. B.W. Baruch Library in Marine Science No. 1. Pp. 467-479.

Peters EC. 1984. A survey of cellular reactions to environmental stress and disease in Caribbean scleractinian corals. Hegolander Meeresunters 37: 113-137.

Porter JW and OW Meier. 1992. Quantification of loss and change in Floridian reef coral populations. Amer Zool 32:625-640.

Raghukumar C. and S Raghukumar. 1991. Fungal invasion of massive corals. PSZNI Mar Ecol 12: 251-260.

Ramos-Flores T. 1983. Lower marine fungus associated with black line disease in star corals (Montastraea annularis E & S). Biol Bull 165: 429-435.

Real LA. 1996. Sustainability and the ecology of infectious disease. Bioscience 46: 88-97.

Richardson LL & RG Carlton. 1993. Behavioral and chemical aspects of black band disease of corals: An in situ field and laboratory study. Proc Amer Acad Underw Sci, Div Sci 13: 107-116.

Ritchie KB & GW Smith. 1995. Preferential carbon utilization by surface bacterial communities from water mass, normal, and while-band diseased Acropora cervicornis. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol 4: 345-352

Rützler K & DL Santavy. 1983. The black band disease of Atlantic reef corals. I. Description of the cyanophyte pathogen. PSZNI Mar Ecol 4: 301-319.

Rützler K, DL Santavy & A Antonius. 1983. The black band disease of Atlantic reef corals. III. Distribution, ecology and development. PSZNI Mar Ecol 4: 329-358.

Sammarco PW, S La Barre & JC Coll. 1987. Defensive strategies of soft corals (Coelenterata: Octocorallia). III. The relationship between ichthyotoxicity and morphology. Oecol 74: 93-101.

Santavy DL, T Schmidt, SS Wilkinson, DH Buckley & AW Bruckner. 1996. The phylogeny and alliance of cyanobacteria affiliated with two band diseases in corals from the Western Atlantic. Abstract 96th ASM General Meeting, New Orleans.

Smith G, LD Ives, IA Nagelkerken, KB Ritchie. 1996. Aspergillosis associated with Caribbean sea fan mortalities. Nature 382: 487.