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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS                                      

  2  29   538     #  Franks          G                   Milan, Venetia   A                                                     
From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182). + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees. *{900-582}* Estimates of Franks by end of 6th C between 500K and 800K people. This should include Germanic tribes absorbed by them by this time but not Gallo-Roman pops. See reference 2 (Zoellner) for detailed discussion of French-German linguistic boundary as this relates to settlement patterns of Franks among the Celto-Romans.

  7  24   803     #  Franks          G                         Pannonia   A                                                     
From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182). + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees. + Thuringian Empire + SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I) + Sapaudia (corresponds to French speaking part of modern CH & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and the Maritime Alps. + Provence + Bayuvar Empire + Narbonne, Pamplona + N I & CH (German-speaking part; see ref 357). *{900-585}* Defeated Avars.

 11 119   709   712  Franks          G                         N I & CH   C                                                     
                                       (German-speaking part; see ref 357)
From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182). + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees. + Thuringian Empire + SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I) + Sapaudia (corresponds to French speaking part of modern CH & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and the Maritime Alps. + Provence + Bayuvar Empire + Narbonne, Pamplona/ *{900-584}* Conquered from Alamanni.

 17  40  -151     #  Romans          I  Area of Golf Juan up to Monaco    A                                                     
                                       (Cote d'Azur)
Added Ligurian area to that of Marseilles. Romans did not conquer Marseilles until 121 BC. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria. + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria. *{901-23}*

 27 170  -121     #  Romans          I         RP Narbonensis including   E                                                     
                                       Massalia (Marseilles)
Dates from (225-17) & Putzger. Drove Celts away to Isere RV (acc/to (225-17)). From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria. + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics. *{901-26}*

 27 174    43    86  Romans          I   Britain less interior of Wales   E                                                     
                                       and Scotland
Start date acc/to (143-58). From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR). *{901-38}*

 40  68  -148     #  Romans          I                S coast of Thrace   E                                                     
Source includes Macedonia, but (46-22) already refers to it. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria. + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR. *{901-24}*

 40  78    46     #  Romans          I                        Thrace RP   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland. *{901-39}*

 46  22  -168  -148  Romans          I          Macedonia RP, Illyricum   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria. *{901-21}*

 53  27  -197  -172  Romans          I  Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja   E                                                     
                                       & high R basins of the Gaudiana,
                                       Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated
                                       on map, p.43, ref 53).
Start date to conform to (232-6). From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53). *{901-20}*

 53  31  -123     #  Romans          I                        Balearics   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria. + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace. *{901-25}*

 53  49   631     #  Franks          G                     Zaragoza (E)   A                                                     
From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182). + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees. + Thuringian Empire + SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I) + Sapaudia (corresponds to French speaking part of modern CH & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and the Maritime Alps. + Provence + Bayuvar Empire + Narbonne, Pamplona. *{900-584}*

110   9   -35     9  Romans          I  Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia   E                                                     
                                       RPP (including Sava R V cities of
                                       Metulum & Siscia)
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP. *{901-31}*

113  14   101   106  Romans          I                         Dacia RP   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173). *{901-43}*

113  15   271     #  Romans          I                         Dacia RP   T                                                     
                                       (= (113-14))
Roman legions left, but Daco-Roman population remained. To Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP - Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) - (Dacia RP). *{901-45}*

123  17  -150  -146  Romans          I                               GR   E                                                     
End date establishment of RP Achaea (e.g., see Putzger). Source includes Macedonia, but (46-22) already refers to it. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria. + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria. *{901-23}*

165  56   -15     #  Romans          I                       Noricum RP   E                                                     
Heavily admixed with aboriginal Celtic pop as well as Germanic tribes, Alans and Huns by end of 4th C. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM). *{901-36}*

165  78   -29     #  Romans          I Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia)   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia). *{901-32}*

165  93  -178  -177  Romans          I                           Istria   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM. *{901-19}*

166  18   507     #  Franks          G        Tolosanic Empire (around)   C                                                     
                                       Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees.
From betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders. + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR. + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182). *{900-581}* Acc/to (2-27), West Goths retained thin strip near Pyrenees and Septimania. But there is evidence of many Goths remaining in Frankish conquered areas. Alternative interpretation for Gothic names in area is Gothic refugees from Spain following Moslem invasion in 8th C.

172  21   401   476 ARomans          I   Raetia & Pannonia (I & II) RPP   T                                                     
Dates for Pannonia acc/to chronology in ref 109 to 111, for Raetia acc/to (196-5). To Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP - Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, p. 173)-(Dacia RP)- Britain - Raetia & Pannonia (I & II) RPP. *{901-48}*

180  18   406     # ARomans          I            N of line betw Marcle   T                                                     
                                       (Pas-de-Calais province, F) &
                                       Tongres (Tongeren Limbourg, B)
                                       (includes NL)
Causes later language boundary. To Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton) + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP - Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, p. 173)-(Dacia RP)- Britain - Raetia & Pannonia (I & II) RPP - N of line betw Marcle (Pas-de-Calais province,F)& Tongres (Tongeren Limbourg, B) (includes NL). *{901-49}*

184   6   -15     #  Romans          I      Raetia RP; capital Augsburg   E                                                     
                                       (Augusta Vindelicum)
Dates acc/to Putzger map p. 28. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM). *{901-36}*

184   7   -12    -9  Romans          I      Rhine R mouth, also coastal   A                                                     
                                       area betw Ems & Elbe RR
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP. *{901-37}*

184  14     4     5  Romans          I W Frisian coast,Upper Ems R area   A                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP. *{901-37}*

187   3    14     #  Romans          I                      N of Ruhr R   A                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP. *{901-37}*

190   6   235     #  Romans          I                Mod. Wuerttemberg   A                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP. *{901-41}*

190  15   259     #  Romans          I    {Agri Decumates (area between   T                                                     
                                       Rhine & Danube RR; see Atlas of  
                                       the Roman World, map p. 173)}       
                                       (see also Abb. 69)  *{901-42}*                                                       
Occupation forces left, but Gallo-Roman population stayed behind. To Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP - Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173). *{901-44}*

191   7   368     #  Romans          I                  Danube R source   A                                                     
Increasing numbers of Alamanni soldiers served in Roman army. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP - Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) - (Dacia RP). *{901-45}*

224  44  -197  -133  Romans          I                    RP Asia in AM   E                                                     
From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53). *{901-20}*

231  32   800  1000 AFranks          G       Santiago de Compostela (E)   S                                                     
From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182) + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees + Thuringian Empire + SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I) + Sapaudia (corresponds to French speaking part of modern CH & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and the Maritime Alps + Provence + Bayuvar Empire + Narbonne, Pamplona + N I & CH (German-speaking part; see ref 357). *{900-585}*

232  14   -29   -19  Romans          I    N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria)   E                                                     
                                       (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53)
Ref includes Basque Provinces, but other refs ((53-30), (167-12)) do not. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia). *{901-32}*

234  24   162     # ARomans          I     Lower Danube R, Greek cities   C                                                     
                                       along Black Sea shore
Date on p. 94 of ref. Length of stay not given. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP. *{901-40}*

234 142   796     #  Franks          G                    Tisza R banks   A                                                     
From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182) + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees + Thuringian Empire + SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I) + Sapaudia (corresponds to French speaking part of modern CH & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and the Maritime Alps + Provence + Bayuvar Empire + Narbonne, Pamplona + N I & CH (German-speaking part; see ref 357). *{900-585}*

375   1    17     #  Romans          I               Cappadocia RP (TR)   E                                                     
Roman empire expansion under Tiberius. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP. *{901-37}*

375   4   114   117  Romans          I        Armenia, foot of Caucasus   A                                                     
                                       Mtns, E & N TR.
Roman empire expansion under Trajan. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP. *{901-41}*

375   5   115   117  Romans          I            Mesopotamia & Assyria   A                                                     
Roman empire expansion under Trajan. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP. *{901-41}*

376   1   208   210  Romans          I            L Ness area, Scotland   A                                                     
Led by Septimus Severus against Caledonian inhabitants. From Noricum (E Alps betw Inn R & L Balaton). + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip running from Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with an indentation into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania Ulterior, comprising the future RP of Baetica, ca modern Andalusia (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR (well illustrated on map, p. 43, ref 53) + RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR + S coast of Thrace + Balearics + RP Narbonensis including Massalia (Marseilles) + Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus + Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica, Germania Superior, Germania Inferior RPP + Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia RPP (including Sava R V cities of Metulum & Siscia) + N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria) (well illustrated on map p. 43, ref 53) + Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia) + Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP + Galatia RP (AM) + Raetia RP; capital Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicum) + Noricum RP + Cappadocia RP (TR) + Britain less interior of Wales & Scotland + Thrace RP + Agri Decumates (area between Rhine & Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman World, map p. 173) + Dacia RP. *{901-41}*
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