Welcome Intro Format Data Download

Previous section Abbreviations References


REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

169  78   700 1200  A Radimice        S Along Sos R, SU                     L
                                                                                End date acc/to (147-6). Fused with
                                                                                Vjatice. Ref (234-162) has them migrate
                                                                                from Desna R, but we were unable to
                                                                                confirm this.

356  13  -500 1     N Raetians        U Rhaetian Alps, E CH                 L
                                                                                Syn. Rhaetians. Start date acc/to (320-2).
                                                                                End date: conservative.

133   7  -150 -50   A Rakatai         K E of Kamp RV, L A                   L

385   4 -1400 -1300 N Raskopanica     U C & S BG, see map 15a (2);          L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

143  17  -750 -450  A Rauraci         K Baden (D), Alsace                   L

900 978  -450 -100  A Rauraci         K {Around & S of Mulhouse, W of       M
                                        Rhine R, NW CH & E F.} *{355-15}*
                                                                                Dates quite arbitrary; for consistency
                                                                                with (143-17) and (355-15). Migration
                                                                                record intro- duced to account for
                                                                                different location in these Z records.

355  15  -450 1     N Rauraci         K Around & S of Mulhouse, W of Rhine  L
                                        R, NW CH & E F.
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (900-978).
                                                                                End date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation.

 44  15  -100 50    A Regni           K Sussex, England                     L
                                                                                Dates are conservative bound around date
                                                                                of 50 BC cited in ref. See also map 26 in
                                                                                Geipel: The Europeans.

382  18 -2200 -1900 N Remedello       U N I, see map 12a (15);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Italian versions of Bell Beaker Culture
                                                                                acc/to (168-7).

194  15    80 150   A Reudigni        G N of Elbe R, Dithmarschen,          L
                                        Stormarn, & Holstein (map 9-I,
                                        Westermann).
                                                                                Part of Saxons.

384  50 -1650 -1250 N Rhone           U Rhone R area, F, see map 14a (42);  L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (385-41).

382  17 -2200 -1900 N Rinaldone       U C I, see map 12a (14);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 51 122   575 625   A Rinhini         S E of Saloniki toward Struma R &     M
                                        Chalcidike, GR.
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs)
                                                                                (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 710   575 978   A Rinhini         S {E of Saloniki toward Struma R &    L
                                        Chalcidike, GR.} *{51-122}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-122). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

901  59  1881 1970  N Romanians       I {Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia  L
                                        (ROM)} *{901-57}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-58); end
                                                                                date still there.

346  14  1918 1921  A Romanians       I W Ukraine                           A
                                                                                Advance against Bolshevik forces in
                                                                                Ukraine. From Transylvania, Wallachia,
                                                                                Moldavia (ROM). *{901-59}*

901  50   100 550   A Romanics        I Raetia RP                           L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (184-6) (ca. 100
                                                                                following advent of Romans); end date to
                                                                                conform to (196-11). Romanized native
                                                                                population.

124  14   200 568   N Romanics        I Nr L Balaton, E of L Balaton up to  L
                                        Co Fejer & between L Balaton &
                                        Drave R.
                                                                                Romanized Celts, Pannonians, Illyrians,
                                                                                etc. Start date: guess (200 years
                                                                                following Roman occupation); end date:
                                                                                exodus of majority with Lombards (133-50).

  5   7   488 #     N Romanics        I I                                   R
                                                                                Ref says 'much' of pop. was resettled in
                                                                                I. Coming from W Weinviertel in Lower A
                                                                                (see (137-3)).

196  11   550 700   A Romanics        I Raetia II RP                        I
                                                                                By Bayuvars.

133  50   568 #     N Romanics        I N I                                 Q
                                                                                From Nr L Balaton, E of L Balaton up to Co
                                                                                Fejer & between L Balaton & Drave R. *{124-
                                                                                14}* Accompanied Lombards.

 31  14   568 796   N Romanics        I Pannonia                            I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Avars.

114  26   600 900   A Romanics        I Pannonian Plain (portion SW of      I
                                        Danube R)
                                                                                By Slovenes.

901  60   200 550   N Romano-British  I England                             L
                                                                                Start date: 250 years since Roman
                                                                                occupation. End date to conform to (11-
                                                                                148).

 11 148   550 700   A Romano-British  I England                             I
                                                                                By Anglo-Saxons.

901   6  -450 -314  A Romans          I {Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,    L
                                        Putzger) } *{26-21}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (26-21).
                                                                                End date to conform to (901-7). Former
                                                                                Latini.

373   2  -399 #     N Romans          I Veii, SE of L Bracciano, W I        C
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}*

 26  52  -382 #     N Romans          I Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria            S
                                                                                Called Latini in ref. From Latium. Exact
                                                                                dates from Atlas of the Roman World p. 35.

901   9  -382 -302  N Romans          I {Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria} *{26-    L
                                        52}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (26-52); end date
                                                                                to conform to (901-11).

165   5  -367 #     N Romans          I Falerii (mod. Civita Castellana),   C
                                        Tarquinii (mod. Tarquinia), &
                                        Caere, C I
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}* Cities detailed in
                                                                                Ploetz p. 193.

901   8  -367 -302  N Romans          I {Falerii (mod. Civita Castellana),  L
                                        Tarquinii (mod. Tarquinia), &
                                        Caene, C I} *{165-5}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (165-5); end date
                                                                                to conform to (28-6).

901   7  -314 -302  N Romans          I {Areas of the Aequi, Volsci,        E
                                        Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                        (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)} +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World; include yellow areas). *{28-
                                        9} + Campagna ... *
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}* Start date acc/to
                                                                                Ploetz p. 192; end date acc/to Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World.

901  10  -314 -302  A Romans          I {Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,    L
                                        Putzger) } + {Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                        Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                        Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas).} *{901-6}
                                        + {901-7}*                              Start date to conform to (901-7); end date
                                                                                see map p. 40 in Atlas of the Roman World.

901  11  -302 -290  N Romans          I Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40,   E
                                        Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                        yellow areas)
                                                                                Dates acc/to p. 40 Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World. From Latium, SW of Rome (see map
                                                                                26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas).
                                                                                *{901-10}*

901  12  -302 -290  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I.}  L
                                        + {Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria} +
                                        {Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                        Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                        Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I (see
                                        map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman           Dates for consistency with (901-11).
                                        World; include yellow areas).} +
                                        {Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40,
                                        Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                        yellow areas)} *{901-8} + {901-9}
                                        * * + {901-10} + {901-11} *

901  13  -290 -241  N Romans          I Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager  E
                                        Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41,
                                        Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                        yellow areas)
                                                                                Dates acc/to p. 41 Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C
                                                                                I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW
                                                                                of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of
                                                                                the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). *{901-12}*

 28   7  -290 #     A Romans          I Venusia (fortress, nr border betw   S
                                        Lucania & Apulia, S I)
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}* 20K settlers.

901  14  -290 -241  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I.   L
                                        + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                        Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                        Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ,
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                        Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I (see map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Dates for consistency with (901-13).
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas)} + {Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas)} *{901-12} +
                                        {901-13}*

 53  24  -264 -241  N Romans          I Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta    E
                                        (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World)
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii, & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). *{901-14}*

901  15  -264 -241  N Romans          I {Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta   L
                                        (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World)} *{53-24}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (53-24).

901  16  -241 -225  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (901-14) and (901-
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      15); end date to conform to (143-41).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas)} + {Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World)}
                                        *{901-14} + {901-15}*

143  41  -225 -190  N Romans          I N I up to Alps                      E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World). *{901-16}* Defeated Celts in
                                                                                battle of Telamon 225 BC and in subsequent
                                                                                wars.

901  17  -225 -218  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (901-16); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (232-6).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World)} +
                                        {N I up to Alps} *{901-16} + {143-
                                        41}*

232   6  -218 -197  N Romans          I Carthago Nova (Cartagena)           E
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an indentation
                                        into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania
                                        Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca            From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                        modern Andalusia (well illustrated      Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                        on map, p. 43, ref 53).                 Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps. *{901-17}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (53-25); end date acc/to
                                                                                ref 53, map p. 43.

901  20  -218 -197  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (232-6); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (53-27) and (224-44).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps} + {Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-17} + {232-6}*

 53  27  -197 -172  N Romans          I Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja &   E
                                        high R basins of the Guadiana,
                                        Jucar & Turia RR (well
                                        illustratedon map, p. 43, ref 53).
                                                                                Start date to conform to (232-6). From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                20}*
224  44  -197 -133  N Romans          I RP Asia in AM                       E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) to the +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                20}*
901  19  -197 -178  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (53-27) and (224-
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      44); end date to conform to (165-93).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-20} + {53-
                                        27} + {224-44}*

165  93  -178 -177  N Romans          I Istria                              E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) to the +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                19}*
901  21  -178 -168  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (165-93); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (46-22).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-19} + {165-93}*

 46  22  -168 -148  N Romans          I Macedonia RP, Illyricum             E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) to the +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                21}*
901  22  -168 -154  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (46-22); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (901-18).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-21} + {46-22}*

901  18  -154 -133  N Romans          I W Iberia not incl Asturia &         E
                                        Cantabria
                                                                                Dates acc/to map, p. 43, ref 53. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-22}*
901  23  -154 -150  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (901-18); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (123-17).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-22} + {901-18}*

 17  40  -151 #     N Romans          I Area of Golf Juan up to Monaco      A
                                        (Cote d'Azur)
                                                                                Added Ligurian area to that of Marseilles.
                                                                                Romans did not conquer Marseilles until
                                                                                121 BC. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C
                                                                                I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW
                                                                                of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of
                                                                                the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                                                                & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p.
                                                                                21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC
                                                                                I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas). + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-23}*
123  17  -150 -146  N Romans          I GR                                  E
                                                                                End date establishment of RP Achaea (e.g.,
                                                                                see Putzger). Source includes Macedonia,
                                                                                but (46-22) already refers to it. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas
                                                                                of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici.
                                                                                Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                                                                Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                                                                (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps
                                                                                + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir
                                                                                RV, Ilipa + more comment; see long record
                                                                                *{901-23}*
901  24  -150 -148  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (123-17); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (40-68).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-23} + {123-17}*

 40  68  -148 #     N Romans          I S coast of Thrace                   E
                                                                                Source includes Macedonia, but (46-22)
                                                                                already refers to it. From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas). +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R,
                                                                                Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-24}*
901  25  -148 -123  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (40-68); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (53-31).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-24} + {40-68}*

 53  31  -123 #     N Romans          I Balearics                           E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-25}*
901  26  -123 -121  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (53-31); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (225-17).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-25} + {53-31}*

 27 170  -121 #     N Romans          I RP Narbonensis including Massalia   E
                                        (Marseilles)
                                                                                Dates from (225-17) & Putzger. Drove Celts
                                                                                away to Isere RV (acc/to (225-17)). From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici.
                                                                                Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                                                                Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria
                                                                                up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S
                                                                                (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir
                                                                                RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-26}*
901  28  -121 -74   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (27-170); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (901-27).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-26} + {27-170}*

901  27   -74 -67   N Romans          I Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP     E
                                                                                Source: map p. 28, Putzger. Dates are
                                                                                those of establishment of RPP. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas). +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41,
                                                                                Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta
                                                                                (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                                                                I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-28}*
901  30   -74 -58   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-27); end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (901-29).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-28} + {901-27}*

901 219   -68 -65   N Romans          I Crete                               C
                                                                                Sources: Putzger map p. 28 (dated 67 BC),
                                                                                also Ploetz p. 269 (dated 68-65 BC). From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                                                                Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa + more comment -
                                                                                see long record. *{901-30}*
901 220   -68 -58   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-2190; end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (901-29).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-30} + {901-219}*

901 221   -58 #     N Romans          I Cyprus                              C
                                                                                Sources: Putzger map p. 28, also Ploetz
                                                                                page 269. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere,
                                                                                C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                                                                SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                                                                Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa + more comment -
                                                                                see long record. *{901-220}*
901  29   -58 -44   N Romans          I Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica,    E
                                        Germania Superior, Germania
                                        Inferior RPP
                                                                                Sources: Putzger map p. 28, also Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World p. 107 and refs (354-1),
                                                                                (354-2), (27-171), (181-8), and (166-8).
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                                                                Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa + more comment -
                                                                                see long record. *{901-220}*
901  31   -58 -35   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-29); end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (110-9). In F, 6.7 M
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,       inhabitants. There are 8.5 M during the
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded         Antoninus emperors Charlemagne (768 to
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior        814).
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-30} + {901-29}*

110   9   -35 9     N Romans          I Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia     E
                                        RPP (including Sava R V cities of
                                        Metulum & Siscia)
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-31}*
901  32   -35 -29   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium include
                                        yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I +        Start date to conform to (110-9); end date
                                        Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta +      to conform to (232-14), (165-78), and (901-
                                        N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova          33).
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera)
                                        to the Pyrenees, with an
                                        indentation into the L Ebro RV, &
                                        Hispania Ulterior, comprising the
                                        future RP of Baetica, ca modern
                                        Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM
                                        + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-31} + {110-9}*

165  78   -29 #     N Romans          I Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia)    E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-32}*
232  14   -29 -19   N Romans          I N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria)       E
                                        (well illustrated on map p. 43,
                                        ref 53)
                                                                                Ref includes Basque Provinces, but other
                                                                                refs ((53-30), (167-12)) do not. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-32}*
901  33   -29 -28   N Romans          I Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP     E
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger map p. 28. Also (165-54),
                                                                                (46-24), and (113-12). From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41,
                                                                                Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta
                                                                                (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                                                                I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-32}*
901  34   -29 -25   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (232-14), (165-
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       78), and (901-33); end date to conform to
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,       (901-35).
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-32} + {232-14}
                                        * * + {165-78} + {901-33}*

901  35   -25 #     N Romans          I Galatia RP (AM)                     E
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger map p. 28. From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-34}*
901  36   -25 -15   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-35); end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (184-6) and (165-56).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-34} + {901-35}*

165  56   -15 #     N Romans          I Noricum RP                          E
                                                                                Heavily admixed with aboriginal Celtic pop
                                                                                as well as Germanic tribes, Alans and Huns
                                                                                by end of 4th C. From Falerii, Tarquinii &
                                                                                Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R,
                                                                                Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-36}*
901  37   -15 17    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (184-6) and (165-
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       56); end date to conform to (375-1).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-36} + {184-6} +
                                        {165-56}*

184   7   -12 -9    N Romans          I Rhine R mouth, also coastal area    A
                                        betw Ems & Elbe RR
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-37}*
184  14     4 5     N Romans          I W Frisian coast,Upper Ems R area    A
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comments; see long record. *{901-37}*
187   3    14 #     N Romans          I N of Ruhr R                         A
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-37}*
375   1    17 #     N Romans          I Cappadocia RP (TR)                  E
                                                                                Roman empire expansion under Tiberius.
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                37}*
901  38    17 43    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (375-1); end date
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       to conform to (27-174).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & Cantabria (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-37} + {375-1}*

901 217    43 #     N Romans          I Lycia and Pamphylia RPP             C
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz, page 308.  From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-38}*
 27 174    43 86    N Romans          I Britain less interior of Wales and  E
                                        Scotland
                                                                                Start date acc/to (143-58). From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-38}*
901  39    43 46    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (27-174); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (40-78).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & Cantabria (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-38} + {27-174}*

901 218    43 476   N Romans          I {Lycia and Pamphylia RPP} *{901-    L
                                        217}*
                                                                                For consistency with (901-217). End date
                                                                                conforms to the end of the Roman Empire.

 40  78    46 #     N Romans          I Thrace RP                           E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-39}*
901  40    46 73    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (40-78); end date
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       to conform to (901-42).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-39} + {40-78}*

901  42    73 85    N Romans          I Agri Decumates (area betw Rhine &   E
                                        Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman
                                        World map p. 173)
                                                                                Dates from Atlas of the Roman World p.
                                                                                107. Apparently incorporated into Germania
                                                                                Superior RP. From Falerii, Tarquinii &
                                                                                Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                                                                & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p.
                                                                                21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC
                                                                                I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir
                                                                                RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-40}*
901  43    73 101   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (901-42); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (113-14).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-40} + {901-42}*

113  14   101 106   N Romans          I Dacia RP                            E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-43}*
901  41   101 259   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (113-14); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (190-15).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-43} + {113-14}*

375   4   114 117   N Romans          I Armenia, foot of Caucasus Mtns, E   A
                                        & N TR.
                                                                                Roman empire expansion under Trajan. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                41}*
375   5   115 117   N Romans          I Mesopotamia & Assyria               A
                                                                                Roman empire expansion under Trajan. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-41}*
234  24   162 #     A Romans          I Lower Danube R, Greek cities along  C
                                        Black Sea shore
                                                                                Date on p. 94 of ref. Length of stay not
                                                                                given. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C
                                                                                I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW
                                                                                of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of
                                                                                the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p.
                                                                                21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC
                                                                                I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus,
                                                                                & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                                                                Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps +
                                                                                Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories of Hispania Citerior (the
                                                                                coastal strip + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-40}*
376   1   208 210   N Romans          I L Ness area, Scotland               A
                                                                                Led by Septimus Severus against Caledonian
                                                                                inhabitants. From Falerii, Tarquinii &
                                                                                Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex.
                                                                                p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                                                                SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus,
                                                                                & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                                                                Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps +
                                                                                Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                reocrds list. *{901-41}*
190   6   235 #     N Romans          I Mod. Wuerttemberg                   A
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-41}*
190  15   259 #     N Romans          I {Agri Decumates (area between       T
                                        Rhine & Danube RR; see Atlas of
                                        the Roman World, map p. 173)} (see
                                        also Abb. 69) *{901-42}*
                                                                                Occupation forces left, but Gallo-Roman
                                                                                population stayed behind. To Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                th Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41,
                                                                                Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta
                                                                                (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                                                                I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-44}*
901  44   259 271   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (190-15); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (113-15).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-41} - {190-15}*

113  15   271 #     N Romans          I Dacia RP (= (113-14))               T
                                                                                Roman legions left, but Daco-Roman
                                                                                population remained. To Falerii, Tarquinii
                                                                                & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex.
                                                                                p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                                                                SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus,
                                                                                & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                                                                Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps +
                                                                                Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-45}*
901  45   271 383   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (113-15); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (901-46).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        -(Asturia & Cantabria) + GR + S
                                        coast of Thrace (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-44} - {113-14}*

191   7   368 #     N Romans          I Danube R source                     A
                                                                                Increasing numbers of Alamanni soldiers
                                                                                served in Roman army. From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                th Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-45}*
901  46   383 476   N Romans          I Britain                             T
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz, p. 292. To Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                th Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-47}*
901  47   383 401   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (901-46); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (172-21).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja &
                                        Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR + RP
                                        Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia -(Asturia
                                        & Cantabria)
                                        + GR + S coast of Thrace +
                                        Balearics (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-45} - {901-46}*

172  21   401 476   A Romans          I Raetia & Pannonia (I & II) RPP      T
                                                                                Dates for Pannonia acc/to chronology in
                                                                                ref 109 to 111, for Raetia acc/to (196-5).
                                                                                To Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici.
                                                                                Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                                                                Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of th Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-48}*
901  48   401 406   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (172-21); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (180-18).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Terr. of Hispania Citerior
                                        (cstal strip from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an indentation
                                        into the L Ebro
                                        RV, & Hispania Ulterior,
                                        comprising the future RP of
                                        Baetica + Ebro R basin in Navarre
                                        & Rioja & Guadiana, Jucar & Turia
                                        RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria +
                                        Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia -(Asturia & Cantabria) + GR
                                        + S coast of Thrace
                                        + Balearics + RP Narbonensis incl
                                        Massalia (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-47} - {172-21}*

180  18   406 #     A Romans          I N of line betw Marcle (Pas-de-      T
                                        Calais province, F) & Tongres
                                        (Tongeren Limbourg, B) (includes
                                        NL)
                                                                                Causes later language boundary. To
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome (see
                                                                                map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                th Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip running from Baria
                                                                                (Vera) + more comment; see long record.
                                                                                *{901-49}*
901  49   406 476   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (180-18); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date is end of W. Roman Empire.
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Terr. of Hispania Citerior
                                        (cstal strip from Baria (Vera) to
                                        Pyrenees, with indent into L Ebro
                                        RV, & Hispania
                                        Ultr + Ebro R basin in Navarre &
                                        Rioja & Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR
                                        + RP Asia in AM + Istria +
                                        Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia -(Asturia & Cantabria) + GR
                                        + S coast of Thrace + Balearics +
                                        RP Narbonensis incl Massalia +
                                        Bithynia, Lycaonia,
                                        Cilicia RPP + Crete + Cyprus +
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-48} - {180-18}*

 13  53   800 900   A Romny           S Psjol, Vorskla, Upper Don & Sever   E
                                        Donec RR.
                                                                                From Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus Sejm &
                                                                                Desna RR. *{13-51}* Start date to conform
                                                                                to (13-49) & (13-51). Associated with
                                                                                Severjane in the left bank Middle Dnepr R
                                                                                plus Sejm & Desna RR area (13-49) but not
                                                                                clear whether it was that tribe
                                                                                which expanded.

900 759   800 1000  A Romny           S {Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus      L
                                        Sejm & Desna RR.} + {Psjol,
                                        Vorskla, Upper Don & Sever Donec
                                        RR.} *{13-51} + {13-53}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-53). End
                                                                                date, last mention of Romny culture (13-
                                                                                54). In part of the area probably syn.
                                                                                with Severjane.

 13  54   850 950   A Romny           S Lower Don R, Azov, Taman            Q
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-53). Probably
                                                                                not Severjane. From left bank Middle Dnepr
                                                                                R plus Sejm & Desna RR. + Psjol, Vorskla,
                                                                                Upper Don & Sever Donec RR. *{900-759}*

900 760   850 1000  A Romny           S {Lower Don R, Azov, Taman} *{13-    L
                                        54}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-54). End date
                                                                                expulsion by Pechenegi (acc/to ref 13).

 13  51   800 900   A Romny-Borsevo   S {Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus      L
                                        Sejm & Desna RR.} *{13-49}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-49).
                                                                                Transformed into this culture from
                                                                                Volyncevo. Romny culture associated with
                                                                                Severjan tribe, Borsevo with Vjatice tribe
                                                                                distributed further N along N Oka R. Not
                                                                                clear when and how Borsevo culture moved
                                                                                from the left bank Middle Dnepr R plus
                                                                                Sejm & Desna RR area (13-49) to Oka R.

234  28  -200 #     A Roxolani        R Steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR         M
                                                                                A Sarmatian tribe. From steppes E of Don R.

900 242  -200 25    A Roxolani        R {Steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR}       L
                                        *{234-28}*
                                                                                To agree with (234-28). A Sarmatian tribe.

 40  76   -19 -16   N Roxolani        R Thrace                              A
                                                                                From steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR. *{234-
                                                                                28}* Sarmatian tribe.

234  29    25 50    A Roxolani        R Lower Danube R corner               M
                                                                                From steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR. *{900-
                                                                                242}* A Sarmatian tribe.

900 243    25 110   A Roxolani        R {Lower Danube R corner} *{234-29}*  L
                                                                                Acc/to (234-29).

 40  80    85 105   N Roxolani        R Moesia RP                           A
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner. *{234-29}*
                                                                                Ploetz says Moesia inferior.

110  24   110 #     A Roxolani        R Bey'd area (E of) Banat to Olt R    E
                                        along Danube.
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner. *{234-29}*

900 244   110 260   A Roxolani        R {Lower Danube R corner} + {Bey'd    L
                                        area (E of) Banat to Olt R along
                                        Danube.} *{234-29} + {110-24}*
                                                                                Acc/to (110-44).

 40  92   225 #     A Roxolani        R Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner + Bey'd
                                                                                area (E of) Banat to Olt R along Danube.
                                                                                *{900-244}* In conjuction with Carpi,
                                                                                Alans, & Goths.

110  44   260 #     N Roxolani        R Betw Danube & Tisza RR              R
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner + Bey'd
                                                                                area (E of) Banat to Olt R along Danube.
                                                                                *{900-244}* By Romans.

900 245   260 568   N Roxolani        R {Betw Danube & Tisza RR} *{110-44}* L
                                                                                We do not have a clear termination date in
                                                                                our sources. Use 568 to conform to (900-
                                                                                240) for Sarmatians.

349   1  -100 1     N Rucinati        K Area bounded by Ingolstadt,         L
                                        Regensburg, & Straubing, Bavaria, D

 12  14  -200 -100  A Rugii           G S S                                 L
                                                                                Some supposedly moved north (to Norway?).

900 594  -100 #     A Rugii           G Posterior Pomerania (See            Q
                                        Hinterpommern on map p.83,
                                        Putzger.)
                                                                                Compromise between dates & localities of
                                                                                (12-15), (12-16), (16-4). From S S. *{12-
                                                                                14}*

 12  16  -100 350   A Rugii           G Posterior Pomerania                 L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-594) & (12-17).

 12  17   350 #     A Rugii           G Upper Theiss R (Tisza R)            M
                                                                                From Posterior Pomerania. *{12-16}*

900 595   350 454   A Rugii           G {Upper Theiss R (Tisza R)} *{12-    L
                                        17}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-17) & (1-36).

900 596   454 #     N Rugii           G {Waldviertel & Weinviertel in       Q
                                        Lower A.} *{1-36}*
                                                                                Acc/to (12-18). From Upper Theiss R (Tisza
                                                                                R) *{900-595}*

 12  19   454 #     N Rugii           G Thrace: Bizye (TR), Arcadiopolis.   R
                                                                                Part of people resettled there by Romans.
                                                                                From Upper Theiss R (Tisza R) *{900-595}*

  1  36   454 487   N Rugii           G Waldviertel & Weinviertel in Lower  L
                                        A.
                                                                                Dispersed by Odoaker in 487.

  5   8   487 #     N Rugii           G Lower Moesia RP                     Q
                                                                                From Waldviertel & Weinviertel in Lower A.
                                                                                *{1-36}* Rugii beaten by Odoaker's
                                                                                brother, survivors escape to Moesia
                                                                                Inferior to join Ostrogoths.

 12  21   487 #     N Rugii           G N I                                 R
                                                                                From Waldviertel & Weinviertel in Lower A.
                                                                                *{1-36}* Can be part of population only
                                                                                (those taken prisoner), since other went
                                                                                to L. Moesia RP (cf. (133-24), (5-8)).

900 599   487 541   N Rugii           G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       L
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-21), (900-598), &
                                                                                (12-22).

900 597   487 490   N Rugii           G {Lower Moesia RP} *{5-8}*           W
                                                                                With Ostrogoths acc/to (133-24) & (5-8).
                                                                                End date acc/to (1-44).

900 598   489 493   N Rugii           G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       Q
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                From Lower Moesia RP. *{5-8}* Accompanying
                                                                                Ostrogoths.

900 600   541 600   A Rugii           G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       L
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                Acc/to (12-22).

 14  31   800 900   A Rujane          S Ruegen (DDR) (Shown on map on end   L
                                        papers of book. Xeroxed in xerox
                                        file.)
                                                                                (Syn. Ranove, Ranen). Special small group
                                                                                not affiliated with surrounding tribal
                                                                                associations.

234 122   650 737   A Rus             S Lower Don R region & Kuban delta.   L
                                                                                These are an Iranian-Slavic tribe. Author
                                                                                believes that Varangians acquired name of
                                                                                Rus from them rather than it being
                                                                                originally applied to them. They were ca.
                                                                                100K people.

234 176   860 #     N Rus             S Constantinople                      N
                                                                                From Straits of Kerch.

234 177   878 880   N Rus             S Smolensk, Kiev                      C
                                                                                From Novgorod. Included Varangians (G),
                                                                                Chud (F), Slavs, Merja (F), Ves (F) &
                                                                                Krivice (S).

202  15  1278 #     N Rus             S Karelia                             A
                                                                                From Novgorod. These are probably
                                                                                slavicized Varyagi.

328  20   964 971   N Russians        S Along Dnieper R & around Black Sea  A
                                        area into Bulgaria and N along
                                        Volga R to Bolgar and S along
                                        Volga R to Caspian Sea & W along
                                        Caucasus Mts.
                                                                                From Kiev. Syvatoslav's campaigns. Khazars
                                                                                were 'destroyed.'

211  24   965 #     N Russians        S Kazan at great bend middle Volga R. A
                                                                                From Principality of Kiev. Volga Bulgars
                                                                                living there.

328  22  1185 #     N Russians        S N shore Sea of Azov                 A
                                                                                From Novgorod-Seversky, on Desna R. Prince
                                                                                Igor Syvatovich's campaign against the
                                                                                Polovtsians. (Polovtsians = Kumans).

169  57  1236 1300  A Russians        S N of S Russia                       Q
                                                                                Population fleeing Mongols into the
                                                                                forests of the N from steppe & wooded
                                                                                steppe. (See ref 328.)

341   2  1301 1462  N Russians        S Area around Moscow, N to            E
                                        Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E
                                        to Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, &
                                        W to Desna R, SU. (See color 1,
                                        map ref 341.)
                                                                                From Muscovy. Acquired many towns in
                                                                                region. International position of this
                                                                                state of Muscovy was extremely isolated;
                                                                                cut off from almost all contact with
                                                                                outside world by the hostility of
                                                                                immediate neighbors: Turks, Swedes, Poles.
                                                                                Note
                                                                                that (169-60) mentions Russians on right
                                                                                bank of Volga R before Mongol conquest.

900 780  1301 1970  N Russians        S {Area around Moscow, N to           L
                                        Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E
                                        to Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, &
                                        W to Desna R, SU. (See color 1,
                                        map ref 341.)} *{341-2}*
                                                                                Start date: to conform to (341-2). End
                                                                                date: still present.

341   5  1472 1503  A Russians        S Novgorod Territories plus SW area   E
                                        in color 2 on Map ref 341
                                                                                From Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.). *{900-780}*

900 781  1472 1970  N Russians        S {Novgorod Territories plus SW area  L
                                        in color 2 on Map ref 341} *{341-
                                        5}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-5). End
                                                                                date: still present.

202  20  1496 #     N Russians        S Karelia, Savo, Tavastia, SF (see    A
                                        Map 2, p. 23)
                                                                                From Russia.

341   3  1521 1556  N Russians        S Khanate of Kazan: area along Ural   E
                                        Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N
                                        Donets R, SU (area in color 3 on
                                        map in ref 341)
                                                                                From Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU.  (See map, ref 341.). *{341-2}*
                                                                                Chuvash were located in Khanate of Kazan,
                                                                                as were Udmurts, Mari, & Bashkiris.  This
                                                                                victory opened the
                                                                                way to advance across Urals.  Many towns
                                                                                in this zone began existence as frontier
                                                                                outposts at this time;  including Orel,
                                                                                Kursk, Voronezh.  Total Popn. for E SU or
                                                                                Muscovy is estimated at 10 million in
                                                                                1600, swollen by territorial acquisition &
                                                                                prolific
                                                                                natural increase.

900 782  1521 1970  N Russians        S {Khanate of Kazan: area along Ural  L
                                        Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N
                                        Donets R, SU (area in color 3 on
                                        map in ref 341)} *{341-3}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-3). End
                                                                                date: still present.

900 787  1645 1735  A Russians        S Kiev-Pereyslavsl-Poltava area; Don  C
                                        Cossack-Kalmyk area; Guryev-
                                        Orenburg-Yekaterinburg area, SU in
                                        color 4 on map in ref 341
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref
                                                                                341)}. *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-782}*

900 788  1645 1970  A Russians        S {Kiev-Pereyslavsl-Poltava area;     L
                                        Don Cossack-Kalmyk area; Guryev-
                                        Orenburg-Yekaterinburg area, SU in
                                        color 4 on map in ref 341} *{900-
                                        787}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-787). End
                                                                                date: still present.

341   7  1703 1795  N Russians        S Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine &     C
                                        Khanate of Crimea, area in color5
                                        on map in ref 341 (SU)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Kiev-Pereyslavl-Poltava area; Don
                                                                                Cossack-Kalmyk area; Guryev-Orenburg-
                                                                                Yekaterinburg area, SU in color 4 on map
                                                                                in ref 341} *{900-780} + {900-781}
                                                                                + {900-782} + {900-787}* Wresting region
                                                                                from Swedes. Conquest took place under
                                                                                Peter I, & city of St. Petersburg (Pskov)
                                                                                founded; as well as access to Baltic Sea.
                                                                                For E. SU, popn. estimate is 15.5 million
                                                                                in 1725. Fierce wars led to
                                                                                destruction of Tatar Khanate in the Crimea
                                                                                & founding of Odessa provided outlet to
                                                                                Black Sea.
900 783  1703 1970  N Russians        S {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine &    L
                                        Khanate of Crimea, area in color5
                                        on map in ref 341 (SU)} *{341-7}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-7). End
                                                                                date: still there. Although Baltic
                                                                                republics were independent betw WWI &
                                                                                WWII, some Russians presumably remained
                                                                                there.

 50  24  1794 1830  N Russians        S Crimea                              Q
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} (less Crimea) + {Kiev-Pereyslavl-
                                                                                Poltava area; Don Cossack-Kalmyk
                                                                                area; Guryev-Orenburg- Yekaterinburg area,
                                                                                SU in color 4 on map in ref 341} *{900-
                                                                                780} + {900-781} + {900-782} + {900-783}*
                                                                                *(less Crimea) + {900-787}* (Massive
                                                                                Russian immigration.)

341  12  1807 1815  N Russians        S E PL & C PL, including Lublin,      C
                                        Warsaw & Kalish (area in color 6
                                        on map in ref 341)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-
                                                                                782} + {900-783}*

900 784  1807 1970  N Russians        S {E PL & C PL, including Lublin,     L
                                        Warsaw & Kalish (area in color 6
                                        on map in ref 341)} *{341-12}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-12). End
                                                                                date: still there (even though part of
                                                                                this area again became Polish between WWI
                                                                                & WWII).

341  15  1809 #     N Russians        S SF (area in color 6 on map in ref   C
                                        341)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-
                                                                                782} + {900-783}*

900 786  1809 1918  N Russians        S {SF (area in color 6 on map in ref  L
                                        341)} *{341-15}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-15). End
                                                                                date: independence of SF.

341  14  1812 #     N Russians        S Area betw Prut & Dniester RR & N    C
                                        of Akkerman; the area known as
                                        'Bessarabia' (area in color 6 on
                                        map in ref 341)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-
                                                                                782} + {900-783}* Census
                                                                                of 1811-12 gave the greatly enlarged
                                                                                Russian empire a popn. of 42.75 million.
                                                                                Included were many peoples of diverse
                                                                                origin, both European & Asian. Only 4
                                                                                percent of popn. was urban, of which one
                                                                                third lived in Moscow & St. Petersburg.

900 785  1812 1970  N Russians        S {Area betw Prut & Dniester RR & N   L
                                        of Akkerman; the area known as
                                        'Bessarabia' (area in color 6 on
                                        map in ref 341)} *{341-14}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-14). End
                                                                                date: still there (even though this area
                                                                                was Rumanian between WWI & WWII).

209   2  1814 #     N Russians        S DK                                  A
                                                                                In Swedish army, presumably from Russia.

345  17  1814 #     N Russians        S F (NC part)                         A
                                                                                From Russia.

210  14  1856 1881  A Russians        S Latgale & Ilukste distr. of         Q
                                        Zemgale, Latvia
                                                                                From Russia. In 1935 26.3 percent Russians
                                                                                and 2.7 percent White Ruthenians in these
                                                                                areas.

347  14  1919 1924  A Russians        S F, R, & YU                          Q
                                                                                From Russia. 650K Russian refugees from
                                                                                Bolshevik revolution settled here.

348  18  1945 1950  N Russians        S Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, former  Q
                                        E PL, NE Prussia & Moldavia
                                                                                2.3 M from Russia.

143  15  -750 -50   A Ruteni          K Tarn, F                             L


Next section Abbreviations References

Welcome Intro Format Data Download


Last Altered January 15, 1996
E-mail: Questions/Comments Technical Problems
The Ethnohistory Project / msr@life.bio.sunysb.edu