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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

 47  20 -1900 -1600 A Macednans       H N Pieria                            L
                                                                                Collateral branch of Greek-speaking
                                                                                people. They are the ancient Macedonians.

900 174 -1600 -1050 N Macedonians     H N Pieria area                       L
                                                                                Acc/to (47-87), (165-51), (47-88).

900 175 -1050 #     A Macedonians     H C Haliacmon RV                      E
                                                                                Acc/to (47-33), from N Pieria.

900 176 -1050 -800  A Macedonians     H {N Pieria area} + {C Haliacmon RV}  L
                                        *{900-174} + {900-175}*
                                                                                Acc/to (47-52), (47-88). Coexisted with
                                                                                Phrygians at least between -900 to -800
                                                                                acc/to (47-52).

 47  89  -800 #     A Macedonians     H Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas   E
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1).
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV. *{900-
                                                                                176}*

900 177  -800 #     A Macedonians     H Orestis & Elimeia along Upper       E
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV. *{900-
                                                                                176}* This is a reconstruction on our
                                                                                part. Contrary to the information in ref
                                                                                47, ref 23 first discusses the Macedonians
                                                                                in (23-7) and has them migrate as per (23-
                                                                                8). We felt that current account
                                                                                is consistent with more information.

900 178  -800 -650  A Macedonians     H {N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV} +  L
                                        {Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1).} +
                                        {Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.}
                                        *{900-176} + {47-89} + {900-177}*
                                                                                Based on (900-176), (900-177), (47-89).

 23   8  -650 #     A Macedonians     H Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which    E
                                        cut deeper into the land then than
                                        in modern times. Toward NW area of
                                        Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to
                                        N border of Chalcidice & up to
                                        lower Strymon (Struma) R.
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +
                                                                                Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas map 7/8)
                                                                                to Katerini. (map 1) + Orestis & Elimeia
                                                                                along Upper Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.
                                                                                *{900-178}* Note comment of (900-177).

900 179  -650 -525  A Macedonians     H {N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +   L
                                        Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1). +
                                        Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.} +
                                        {Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which
                                        cut deeper into the land then than
                                        in modern times. Toward NW area of      Expansion (23-8) applied to area (900-178).
                                        Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to
                                        N border of Chalcidice & up to
                                        lower Strymon (Struma) R.} *{900-
                                        178} + {23-8}*

 23   9  -525 #     A Macedonians     H Aigai (Aegeae, Edessa)              E
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +
                                                                                Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas map 7/8)
                                                                                to Katerini. (map 1). + Orestis & Elimeia
                                                                                along Upper Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.
                                                                                + Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which cut
                                                                                deeper into the land then than
                                                                                in modern times. Toward NW area of
                                                                                Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to N
                                                                                border of Chalcidice & up to lower Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R. *{900-179}*

900 180  -525 -358  N Macedonians     H {N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +   L
                                        Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1). +
                                        Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley. +
                                        Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which
                                        cut deeper into the land then than
                                        in
                                        modern times. Toward NW area of
                                        Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to
                                        N border of Chalcidice & up to
                                        lower Strymon (Struma) R.} + Aigai
                                        (Aegeae, Edessa) *{900-179} + (23-
                                        9)*

900 181  -358 -335  N Macedonians     H Area of the Illyrians (except for   C
                                        that of the Taulantians.) +
                                        Paeonia (see foldout map in ref
                                        46.) + Chalcidice, S coast of
                                        Thrace+ Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                        lower Danube R & along upper
                                        Strymon (Struma) R and Isker R. +
                                        Odrysean Kingdom
                                        betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =          *(Location info can be attributed to (165-
                                        Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain)           6), * *(46-17), (40-53), (23-14), (39-46)
                                        Aegaen Sea & Propontus (area            and (40-55).)* From N Pieria area + C
                                        around Sea of Marmara). +               Haliacmon RV + Plain from Methone (Putzger
                                        Philippopolis, Kabyle,                  Atlas map 7/8) to Katerini.(map 1). +
                                        Alexandropolis (nr S Thracian           Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        coast).
                                                                                Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley. + Axios
                                                                                (Vardar) R & the sea which cut deeper into
                                                                                the land then than in modern times. Toward
                                                                                NW area of Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up
                                                                                to N border of Chalcidice & up to lower
                                                                                Strymon (Struma) R. + Aigai
                                                                                (Aegeae, Edessa). *{900-180}* Acc/to (165-
                                                                                6), 10K Macedonians + 600 cavalry. Killed
                                                                                7K Illyrians (acc/to Levi: Atlas of the
                                                                                Greek World).

900 182  -358 -313  N Macedonians     H {Area of the Illyrians (except for  L
                                        that of the Taulantians.) +
                                        Paeonia (see foldout map in ref
                                        46.) + Chalcidice, S coast of
                                        Thrace+ Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                        lower Danube R & along upper
                                        Strymon (Struma) R and Isker R. +
                                        Odrysean Kingdom
                                        betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                        Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt. Chain)
                                        Aegaen Sea & Propontus (area
                                        around Sea of Marmara). +
                                        Philippopolis, Kabyle,
                                        Alexandropolis (nr S Thracian
                                        coast).} + {Velika & Zapadna
                                        Morava RR (Serbia).} + {AM}
                                        *{900-181} + {165-84} + {40-56}*

234  20  -335 #     N Macedonians     H Pontic steppes (N shore Black Sea)  A
                                        to Olbia.
                                                                                From the area of the Illyrians (except for
                                                                                that of the Taulantians.) + Paeonia (see
                                                                                foldout map in ref 46.) + Chalcidice, S
                                                                                coast of Thrace + Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                                                                lower Danube R & along upper Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R and Isker R. + Odrysean
                                                                                Kingdom betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                                                                Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain) Aegaen Sea &
                                                                                Propontus (area around Sea of Marmara). +
                                                                                Philippopolis, Kabyle, Alexandropolis (nr
                                                                                S Thracian coast). *{900-181}*

165  84  -335 #     N Macedonians     H Velika & Zapadna Morava RR          C
                                        (Serbia).
                                                                                From the area of the Illyrians (except for
                                                                                that of the Taulantians.) + Paeonia (see
                                                                                foldout map in ref 46.) + Chalcidice, S
                                                                                coast of Thrace + Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                                                                lower Danube R & along upper Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R and Isker R. + Odrysean
                                                                                Kingdom betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                                                                Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain) Aegaen Sea &
                                                                                Propontus (area around Sea of Marmara). +
                                                                                Philippopolis, Kabyle, Alexandropolis (nr
                                                                                S Thracian coast). *{900-181}* Area of the
                                                                                Triballi.

 40  56  -333 #     N Macedonians     H AM                                  C
                                                                                From Macedonia. *{900-181}*

128  18  -313 #     N Macedonians     H Mangalia in Dobrugea                C
                                                                                From the area of the Illyrians (except for
                                                                                that of the Taulantians.) + Paeonia (see
                                                                                foldout map in ref 46.) + Chalcidice, S
                                                                                coast of Thrace + Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                                                                lower Danube R & along upper Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R and Isker R. + Odrysean
                                                                                Kingdom betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                                                                Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain) Aegaen Sea &
                                                                                Propontus (area around Sea of Marmara). +
                                                                                Philippopolis, Kabyle, Alexandropolis (nr
                                                                                S Thracian coast). + Velika & Zapadna
                                                                                Morava RR (Serbia). + AM. *{900-182}*

165  88  -229 #     N Macedonians     H Kosovo, S Serbia & N Macedonia      A
                                        (Nis, Skopje, Kursumlijska Banja)
                                                                                From Macedonia.

 40  62  -215 #     N Macedonians     H Illyria                             A
                                                                                From Macedonia.

 40  65  -183 -181  N Macedonians     H Interior Thrace fighting Bessen in  A
                                        Hebros R area, Dentheleti on Upper
                                        Strymon R, Maidae betw Upper
                                        Strymon & Hebres R, reached Haines
                                        (Haemus = Balkan) Mts.
                                                                                From Macedonia.

900 769   900 #     A Macedonians     S {Peloponnese} *{900-768}*           Q
                                                                                From Macedonia. For consistency with (900-
                                                                                768). We actually have no Macedonians
                                                                                listed as such before 978 AD, but these
                                                                                are two Macedonian tribes: the Jezerci &
                                                                                Milinci (acc/to (51-51), 51-52), and (51-
                                                                                133)) and we have no specific records
                                                                                to distinguish their location in Macedonia
                                                                                or in the Peloponnese.

900 768   900 1000  A Macedonians     S Peloponnese                         L
                                                                                Two Macedonian tribes: the Jezerci &
                                                                                Milinci. Acc/to (51-51), (51-52), (51-
                                                                                132), (51-133).

900 715   978 1014  N Macedonians     S Zadar to Black Sea & from Srem to   C
                                        Aegean. - {W of area settled by
                                        Sagudati (51-120) which is Vardar
                                        RV betw Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia,
                                        Veria). + Vardar RV betw Saloniki
                                        & Vereja (Veroia, Veria). + Betw
                                        Crna & Treska RR betw LL Ohrid &
                                        Prespan, & in N up to Titov Veles       Acc/to (51-138). Start date of Macedonian
                                        & Kiceva, YU. + Around Teba             (Westbulgarian) Empire (51-138), end date
                                        (Thebae Phthiae) and Demetrias          is collapse of Czar Samuilo's Empire (ref
                                        (ancient towns, Demetrias is            149, p.48). From W of area settled by
                                        modern Volos (Bolos) on Gulf of         Sagudati {51-120} which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Volos (Pagasitikos Kolpos)) GR.         Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia,
                                        (See map 7/8 in Putzger.) + Mesta
                                        R area in Rodope
                                        Mts (BG & N GR). + Struma R area        Veria). + Vardar RV betw Saloniki & Vereja
                                        (BG & N GR). + E of Saloniki            (Veroia, Veria). + Betw Crna & Treska RR
                                        toward Struma R & Chalcidike, GR.       betw LL Ohrid & Prespan, & in N up to
                                        + Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along       Titov Veles & Kiceva, YU. + Around Teba
                                        Upper Vardar R betw Tetovo &            (Thebae Phthiae) and Demetrias (ancient
                                        Gostivar) YU.} *(51-138) - {900-        towns, Demetrias is modern Volos
                                        714}*
                                                                                (Bolos) on Gulf of Volos (Pagasitikos
                                                                                Kolpos)) GR. (See map 7/8 in Putzger.) +
                                                                                Mesta R area in Rodope Mts (BG & N GR). +
                                                                                Struma R area (BG & N GR). + E of Saloniki
                                                                                toward Struma R & Chalcidike, GR. +
                                                                                Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along Upper
                                                                                Vardar R betw Tetovo & Gostivar) YU. *{900-
                                                                                714}*
900 714   978 1100  N Macedonians     S {W of area settled by Sagudati (51- L
                                        120) which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia,
                                        Veria).} + {Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia,
                                        Veria).} + {Betw Crna & Treska RR
                                        betw LL Ohrid & Prespan, & in N up
                                        to Titov Veles & Kiceva,
                                        YU.} + {Around Teba (Thebae             These result from fusion of earlier
                                        Phthiae) and Demetrias (ancient         separate tribes of Macedonian Slavs (we
                                        towns, Demetrias is modern Volos        record Draguviti, Sagudati, Velegiziti,
                                        (Bolos) on Gulf of Volos                Smoljani, Strumljani, Rinhini, Vojniti,
                                        (Pagasitikos Kolpos)) GR. (See map      Brsjaci, Jezeriti, Milinci (ref (118-9),
                                        7/8 in Putzger.)} + {Mesta R area       (118-10)). Ref 114 considers them
                                        in Rodope Mts (BG & N GR).} +           Macedoslavs
                                        {Struma R area (BG
                                        & N GR).} + {E of Saloniki toward       and doesn't call them Macedonians until
                                        Struma R & Chalcidike, GR.}             15th C. Start date is start of Macedonian
                                        +{Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along       (Westbulgarian) Empire (51-138); end date
                                        Upper Vardar R betw Tetovo &            first recorded assimilation (114-7).
                                        Gostivar) YU.} *{900-704} + {900-
                                        705} + * *{900-706} + {900-707} +
                                        * *{900-708} + {900-709} + * *{900-
                                        710} +
                                        {51-125} *

 51 136  1000 #     A Macedonians     H Yugoslav portion of Macedonia       I
                                                                                By Slavs.

114   7  1100 1300  A Macedonians     S BG                                  I
                                                                                This should take care of Macedonian
                                                                                populations in (51-124) and (51-123). By
                                                                                Bulgarian Slavs.

900 716  1100 1970  N Macedonians     S {W of area settled by Sagudati (51- L
                                        120) which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia, Veria).
                                        + Vardar RV betw Saloniki & Vereja
                                        (Veroia, Veria). + Betw Crna &
                                        Treska RR betw LL Ohrid & Prespan,
                                        & in N up to Titov Veles & Kiceva,
                                        YU. + Around Teba (Thebae Phthiae)      Start date for consistency with (114-7).
                                        and Demetrias (ancient towns,           End date: still in Macedonia, but some
                                        Demetrias is modern Volos (Bolos)       assimilation by Greeks and others
                                        on Gulf of Volos (Pagasitikos           undoubtedly took place, but we have
                                        Kolpos)) GR. (See map 7/8 in            specific records thereof.
                                        Putzger.) + Mesta R area in Rodope
                                        Mts (BG & N GR). + Struma R area
                                        (BG & N
                                        GR). + E of Saloniki toward Struma
                                        R & Chalcidike, GR. + Polog(a)
                                        area, Macedonia (along Upper
                                        Vardar R betw Tetovo & Gostivar)
                                        YU.} - {BG} *{900-714} - {114-7}*

 47  62  -800 -650  A Maedi           Y Vardar RV, lower RVV of its E       M
                                        tributaries, E part of Macedonian
                                        coastal plain.
                                                                                Not stated from where. Probably more
                                                                                northerly area of origin of Illyrian
                                                                                tribes.

900 276  -800 -450  A Maedi           Y {Vardar RV, lower RVV of its E      L
                                        tributaries, E part of Macedonian
                                        coastal plain.} *{47-62}*
                                                                                For consistency with (47-62). End date
                                                                                open since no source on their
                                                                                disappearance.

900 277  -700 -429  A Maedi           Y Mid Strymon (Struma) RV             L
                                                                                Compiled from (119-8) and (47-63). No
                                                                                source on how they got there.

165  52  -100 -1    A Maezaei         Y Mining area betw Sana & Bosna RR    L
                                        (Bosnia & Hercegovina, YU).

234 120   630 700   A Magyars         C Between Don R (acc/to (172-40))     M
                                        and Upper Donets region
                                                                                From along Kama & Belaya RR, modern area
                                                                                of Bashkiria. *{127-5}*

172  40   630 830   N Magyars         C Between Don R (see fig 2) & Upper   L
                                        Donets region (acc/to (234-120))
                                                                                Magyars incl Kabars who were led by
                                                                                Khazars & contained Chwaresm (T), Alans
                                                                                (R), & Eskil (later Szekelers, Bulgar-
                                                                                Turks).

 20   3   830 #     N Magyars         C Etelkoez (area spanning Dnepr, J.   M
                                        Bug, Dnestr, and Seret RR)
                                                                                From between Don R (see fig 2) & Upper
                                                                                Donets region (acc/to (234-120)) *{172-
                                                                                40}* Following upheavals in Khazar Empire,
                                                                                of which they had been vassals. Definition
                                                                                of Etelkoez from I. Kiszely in ref 172 and
                                                                                in 1979 A Foeld Nepei Europa
                                                                                p. 394/5.

 18   8   830 895   N Magyars         C EtelKoez (Hungarian for land        L
                                        between lower reaches of Danube &
                                        Don RR acc/to this author. But we
                                        accept Kiszely's narrower
                                        definition as given in (20-3)).
                                                                                Start date to conform to (20-3). Pushed
                                                                                out in 895 by Pechenegi.

234 173   840 #     A Magyars         C Kiev                                C
                                                                                From EtelKoez (Hungarian for land between
                                                                                lower reaches of Danube & Don RR acc/to
                                                                                this author. But we accept Kiszely's
                                                                                narrower definition as given in (20-3)).
                                                                                *{18-8}*

 32  48   840 878   N Magyars         C Kiev                                L
                                                                                Pushed out by Viking chief. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (234-173).

 36   1   896 #     N Magyars         C Carpathian basin incl. modern H up  M
                                        to its border with A, N into
                                        Slovakia, E to Transylvania & S
                                        somewhat beyond Drave R. (cf
                                        detailed map in ref. use colors
                                        coded 1 & 3)
                                                                                From EtelKoez (Hungarian for land between
                                                                                lower reaches of Danube & Don RR acc/to
                                                                                this author. But we accept Kiszely's
                                                                                narrower definition as given in (20-3)).
                                                                                *{18-8}* The Magyars were also heavily
                                                                                Turcic in ethnic makeup.

 20  10   899 955   A Magyars         C D, F, I, N Spain                    A
                                                                                From Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to
                                                                                its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to
                                                                                Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R.
                                                                                (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded
                                                                                1&3). *{900-797}*. These are separate
                                                                                attacks. Dates for most can
                                                                                be obtained from Putzger, p. 39, map II,
                                                                                but most detailed depiction of areas is in
                                                                                Fig 27 of ref 20. These attacks ceased
                                                                                after Magyar defeat at Lechfeld in 955.
                                                                                Magyar leaders were captured & executed.

133  58   900 906   N Magyars         C Lower A (up to Enns R) & Greater    A
                                        Moravian Empire
                                                                                From Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to
                                                                                its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to
                                                                                Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R.
                                                                                (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded
                                                                                1&3) *{900-797}*

149  23   934 959   N Magyars         C Byzantine Emp.(Balkans) (up to      A
                                        Constantinople) (see Muir'sAtlas,
                                        p. 14)
                                                                                From Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to
                                                                                its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to
                                                                                Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R.
                                                                                (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded
                                                                                1&3) *{900-797}*

157   1 -2100 -1300 A Maliq           U Albania                             L
                                                                                Culture: Including Maliq IIIa through
                                                                                IIId. End date acc/to (385-6). Author
                                                                                believes that this represents new ethnic
                                                                                element. Not stated from where they came.
                                                                                Supposedly mixed with local Eneolithic
                                                                                population.

227  10  1265 1268  N Mamluks         E Cilician Armenia (AM), Antioch      C
                                                                                From Egypt. Mamluks are a dynasty derived
                                                                                from slaves imported from Turkic (1250-
                                                                                1382 AD) and Circassian (1382-1517 AD)
                                                                                speaking areas. By this time they must
                                                                                have spoken Arabic.

 12 127   -60 #     N Marcomanni      G Bohemia                             A
                                                                                From area betw. Regensburg & Bamberg. *{12-
                                                                                126}* Aided by Dacians. Total Marcomanni
                                                                                pop estimated at 25K men, 125K total.

 12 126   -60 -9    N Marcomanni      G Betw. Regensburg & Bamberg          L
                                                                                End date to conform to (12-138). Descended
                                                                                from part of Suebi (acc/to ref 12). Rest
                                                                                of tribe after departure of main group to
                                                                                Bohemia is called Naristi (acc/to (12-
                                                                                140)).

 12 138    -9 #     A Marcomanni      G Bohemia                             Q
                                                                                From area between Regensburg & Bamberg.
                                                                                *{12-126}* At this time 25K men, 125K
                                                                                total population. After King Marbod's
                                                                                departure in 19 AD, population estimated
                                                                                at 18K men, 90K total population.

 12 139    -9 #     N Marcomanni      G Coast of Flanders                   R
                                                                                End date provisional. From area between
                                                                                Regensburg & Bamberg. *{12-126}* Small
                                                                                group resettled in Roman Empire.

 14   5    -9 500   A Marcomanni      G Bohemia                             L

 12 147    89 92    N Marcomanni      G {Lower A N of Danube & S            E
                                        Moravia}*{133-13}*
                                                                                From Bohemia. *{14-5}*

900 528    89 500   A Marcomanni      G {Lower A N of Danube & S Moravia}   L
                                        *{12-147}*
                                                                                End date to conform to (14-5).

 11  16   166 #     N Marcomanni      G RP Venetia                          A
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

 12 148   166 180   N Marcomanni      G RP Pannonia, Raetia, Noricum        A
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

133  16   253 #     N Marcomanni      G Pannonia RP                         A
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

133  20   400 #     A Marcomanni      G Vienna Basin                        R
                                                                                By Romans. Part of tribe only. From
                                                                                Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

 12 152   488 533   A Marcomanni      G RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper    Q
                                        A, W of Enns R.
                                                                                From Bohemia. *{14-5}* These are called
                                                                                Bayuvars in original reference. The
                                                                                descent of Bayuvars from Marcomanni is not
                                                                                firmly established.

 14   7   500 550   A Marcomanni      G Former RP Raetia along U Danube R   M
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

169  34   500 900   A Mari            F W of Vetluga, in areas of Gorkij,   L
                                        Kirov, & part of Kostroma up to
                                        Unsa R.
                                                                                Syn. Cheremiss. Start date: guess to
                                                                                correspond with other Finnic tribes. End
                                                                                date: we assume they were displaced by
                                                                                Krivice.

900 791   900 #     A Mari            F {Mari ASSR, Bashkiria, Kirov area,  M
                                        Tatar ASSR.} *{169-33}*
                                                                                From W of Vetluga, in areas of Gorkij,
                                                                                Kirov, & part of Kostroma up to Unsa R.
                                                                                *{169-34}* Syn. Cheremiss. Date to conform
                                                                                to (169-34).

169  33   900 1970  N Mari            F Mari ASSR, Bashkiria, Kirov area,   L
                                        Tatar ASSR.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-791). End
                                                                                date: still there. 300-1000K people. The
                                                                                population figures from this book (213-14,
                                                                                a generally more detailed reference than
                                                                                212) have been updated from 1970 census.
                                                                                Figures obtained from the Encyclopedia
                                                                                Brittanica. (Syn Cheremiss.) But (229-20)
                                                                                gives the following figures: In Mari ASSR
                                                                                307K, in Bashkir ASSR 107K, in Tatar ASSR
                                                                                17K.

232  62  1275 1285  N Marinids        E Jerez to Seville                    A
                                                                                From Morocco.

232  70  1275 1333  N Marinids        E Granada                             Q
                                                                                From Morocco.

383  39 -1800 -1100 N Marjaniv-Bondar U Psiol & Donec RR area, SU, see map  L
                                        13a (35); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (386-33). Full culture
                                                                                name: "Marjaniv-Bondarichin."

 12 191   -27 50    N Marsi           G Between Lippe & Ruhr R              L
                                                                                Dates acc/to (183-24), (187-2). Fragment
                                                                                of Sugambri. End date to conform to onset
                                                                                of Chattuarii, their descendants (Abb 63,
                                                                                ref 184).

230  15  -800 -500  A Mastieni        U Segura RV (E)                       L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

 26   9 -1600 -1400 A Matera          U Apulia, NE Sicily                   L
                                                                                Culture. First area in S I to show Indo-
                                                                                European influences.

368   3     1 200   N Mazaei          Y Una & Vrbas RR area, S of Sava R;   L
                                        Grmec & Kozara regions, W YU.
                                                                                Pannonian tribe acc/to Strabo.

900 717   400 1000  N Mazovcane       S Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. L
                                                                                Start date from end of (301-16), supported
                                                                                by (14-2), end date (147-19), (see p.32).
                                                                                Will become part of Poles.

313  19 -1300 -900  A Medes           R E of Zagros Mts, & N of Caspian     L
                                        Sea.
                                                                                Group of Iranians.

313  20  -900 -800  N Medes           R Zagros Mt area, TR                  M
                                                                                Nominal vassals of Assyria. From area E of
                                                                                Zagros Mts, & N of Caspian Sea. *{313-19}*

900 228  -900 -550  N Medes           R {Zagros Mt area, TR} *{313-20}*     L
                                                                                Conquered by Persians.

122  16  -600 #     A Medes           R Urartu (modern Azerbadjan, capital  C
                                        at Sakiz, controlled lands W of
                                        Halys R).
                                                                                From Zagros Mt area, TR. *{900-228}*

900 274  -600 -550  A Medes           R {Urartu (modern Azerbadjan,         L
                                        capital at Sakiz, controlled lands
                                        W of Halys R).} *{122-16}*
                                                                                Conquered by Persians.

224  28  -590 -585  N Medes           R W AM at Sardis nr Izmir             A
                                                                                From E of Halys R (actually Urartu, see
                                                                                (122-16)).

 27 114  -650 -600  A Mediomatrici    K Lower Lorraine, Vosges Mts (for     M
                                        more precise location see ref 352)
                                                                                From Champagne, F.

352  18  -650 100   A Mediomatrici    K Region spanning Meuse, Moselle &    L
                                        Saar RR betw Virodunum
                                        (Verdum),Divodurum (Metz) to
                                        approx. Saarbruecken.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-114). End
                                                                                date acc/to (353-19). 'Pure Kelts,'
                                                                                according to map legend.

153  19 -3000 -1800 A Megalith        U Britain                             L
                                                                                Culture. Stone Circles. Calibrated BC
                                                                                dates.

305   2 -1500 -1200 A Megalith        U Betw Seine, Loire, Rhone RR, F and  L
                                        Sava, Duna (Danube) and Odra
                                        (Oder) RR, D, DDR, A, CS, PL, H,
                                        YU.
                                                                                Culture.

388  22  -800 -600  N Melaun          U Adige R area, Alps of I & W A, see  L
                                        map 18a (21a); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date to conform to (387-
                                                                                21). Probably continued as Melaun-Fritzen
                                                                                culture (389-4).

389   4  -150 -50   N Melaun-Fritzen  U W A, see map 20a (4);               L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Group.

383  24 -1800 -1700 N Meranovo        U Betw Upper Wista & Upper Warta RR,  L
                                        S PL, see map 13a(21);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

900 790   400 1000  A Merya           F Area between Kostroma, Rostov and   L
                                        Suzdal (NE of Moscow, see map ref
                                        328)
                                                                                Syn. Merja. Start date acc/to (363-11).
                                                                                End date acc/to (13-64). West Finnic tribe.

 13  64  1000 1100  A Merya           F {Area between Kostroma, Rostov and  I
                                        Suzdal (NE of Moscow, see map ref
                                        328)} *{900-790}*
                                                                                Syn. Merja. By Slavs (Krivice).

900 319 -1200 -1100 A Messapii        Y Albania                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-320).

900 320 -1100 -1000 A Messapii        Y Area of Apulia, S I, marked         M
                                        Messapii on map 3, ref 164.
                                                                                Acc/to (157-6), (51-23), (26-24). From
                                                                                Albania. *{900-319}*

900 321 -1100 -1    A Messapii        Y {Area of Apulia, S I, marked        L
                                        Messapii on map 3, ref 164.} *{900-
                                        320}*
                                                                                Acc/to (139-11). Also, acc/to (51-23) they
                                                                                were grecized to a great degree.

382   3 -2200 -1900 N MiddleBronzeAge U Cyclades, Thessaly, Greek           L
                                        Macedonia, see map 12a (1c, d,e);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: Old & Beginning of
                                                                                Middle Bronze Age.

383   2 -1850 -1700 N MiddleBronzeAge U Crete, see map 13a (2);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                "Minoan" culture. Full name: Middle Bronze
                                                                                Age.

383   1 -1800 -1700 N MiddleBronzeAge U GR & Macedonia, see map 13a (1);    L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                "Helladic" culture. Full name: Middle
                                                                                Bronze Age.

385  48 -1400 -1300 N MiddleBronzeAge U Iberia (except SE), W F (except     L
                                        Brittany), see map 15a (41);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: Border groups of the
                                                                                Middle Bronze Age.

384   5 -1650 -1300 N M.BronzeAgeComp U Middle Danube R basin, NE YU, SW    L
                                        ROM, NW BG, see map 14a (3);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (385-5). Culture includes
                                                                                Slatina Group, Verbicioara Culture,
                                                                                Vattina-Vrsac-Girla Mare Culture. Also
                                                                                Paracin Culture & Dubovac Zuto-Brdo group
                                                                                later on. Full name: Middle Bronze Age
                                                                                Complex.

386  10 -1200 -1100 N M. Bulgarian    U Rhodope Mtn area, BG & GR, see map  L
                                        16a (10); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Middle Bulgarian Late
                                                                                Bronze Age."

222   4 -1850 -1550 A Middle Cypriot  U Cyprus                              L
                                                                                Culture in Middle Bronze.

386   4 -1200 -1100 N M.DanubeInciner U H, N YU & S CS, see map 16a (5a-    L
                                        e); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Several groups included within this
                                                                                culture. Full name: Middle Danube
                                                                                Incinerary Urn.

 13   6 -1450 -1200 A MDMGC           U Middle course of Danube &           L
                                        bordering Czech areas.
                                                                                Full name: Middle Danube mound grave
                                                                                culture. (The abbrev. MDMGC has been added
                                                                                to the people synonyms list.)

 48  26  -800 -600  A Mid Hallstatt   U ROM                                 L
                                                                                Culture. Presumably not Celtic speakers.
                                                                                They include the Basarabi which may equal
                                                                                our Besarabi (388-16), coded U by us, and
                                                                                may therefore duplicate the information.

382   1 -2200 -1900 N Middle Helladic U GR, see map 12a (1a);               L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."

901  95  -100 1     A Mid Iron Age    U S SCA                               L
                                                                                For consistency with (170-6). Dates
                                                                                conservative.

170   6     1 400   A Mid Iron Age    U N SCA incl N of Arctic Circle       E
                                                                                From S SCA.

901  96     1 400   A Mid Iron Age    U {S SCA} + {N SCA incl N of Arctic   L
                                        Circle} *{901-95} + {170-6}*
                                                                                For consistency with (170-6).

382   2 -2200 -1850 N Middle Minoan   U Crete, see map 12a (1b);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."

900 101  -800 150   A Milograd        B N Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map   L
                                        17a (32); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + N
                                        Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map
                                        18a (35); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + Pripet
                                        R, Dnepr R.
                                                                                Acc/to (387-34), (387-35), (38-15). Acc/to
                                                                                (38-15), coexisted with Zarubincy between -
                                                                                150 to 150.

900 674   650 #     A Milziane        S {Oberlausitz (DDR)} *{33-34}*       M
                                                                                From Oder R area (see Abb.3 in ref 148).
                                                                                Acc/to (148-5), (148-6), (148-7), & (148-
                                                                                8).

 33  34   650 1200  A Milziane        S Oberlausitz (DDR)                   L
                                                                                (Syn. Milcane, Milzener). Start date to
                                                                                conform to (900-674). End date based on
                                                                                ref 148-Abb.3 where they are called Sorbs,
                                                                                speaking Sorbic. Ultimately they became
                                                                                the High or Upper Sorbic speakers. Ref 14
                                                                                says that they formed part of
                                                                                the Greater Moravian Empire. Part of
                                                                                Lausitz Serbs or Sorbs.

 21   1 -3000 -1600 A Minoan          U Crete                               L
                                                                                Culture.

900 144 -1600 -1300 N Minoan          U Crete                               L
                                                                                (To connect (21-1) and (385-2).) Culture.

901 212  1350 #     A Moldavians      I Moldavia (Romanian and SSR)         Q
                                                                                From Transylvania.  Source: Encyclopaedia
                                                                                Brittanica.

 31  43  1150 1175  A Mongols         M Steppes N of China around Onon R    L
                                        nr Dulun-Boldag.

 31  44  1175 1200  N Mongols         M Central Asia (Mongolia)             E
                                                                                From Steppes N of China around Onon R nr
                                                                                Dulun-Boldag. *{31-43}*

129  52  1218 1241  N Mongols         M Qara-Qytai, Chorezm (Buchara,       C
                                        Samarkand, Gurgang) Kuman Empire
                                        in S Russia, Persia. (See map
                                        entitled 'Feldzuege und Reich
                                        Dschingis- Chans' following p.376
                                        in xerox.)
                                                                                From Central Asia (Mongolia). *{31-44}*

200   1  1221 #     N Mongols         M Sea of Azov coast                   A
                                                                                From Qara-Qytai, Chorezm (Buchara,
                                                                                Samarkand, Gurgang) Kuman Empire in S
                                                                                Russia, Persia. (See map entitled
                                                                                'Feldzuege und Reich Dschingis- Chans'
                                                                                following p.376 in xerox.) *{129-52}*

200   5  1222 #     N Mongols         M Dnestr R banks                      A
                                                                                From Qara-Qytai, Chorezm (Buchara,
                                                                                Samarkand, Gurgang) Kuman Empire in S
                                                                                Russia, Persia. (See map entitled
                                                                                'Feldzuege und Reich Dschingis- Chans'
                                                                                following p.376 in xerox.) *{129-52}*

 32  58  1223 1245  N Mongols         M Russian Empire (See map p.60, in    C
                                        Putzger, Lendl, Wagner.)
                                                                                From Central Asia (Mongolia). *{31-44}*

 32  59  1223 1350  A Mongols         M W Russia (Ukraine & Byelorussia)    L

 32  60  1223 1350  A Mongols         M E Russia (Muscovite Empire)         L
                                                                                Located within the separate Khanate of the
                                                                                Golden Horde. Here the population was less
                                                                                urbanised & partly nomadic, consequently,
                                                                                Mongol rule lasted longer in Russia, (for
                                                                                200 more years following Mongke's death in
                                                                                1259): comment acc/to
                                                                                (336-13).

200  18  1238 #     N Mongols         M N Caucasus                          A
                                                                                From Central Asia (Mongolia). *{31-44}*

200  21  1240 #     N Mongols         M PL, Lithuania                       A
                                                                                With 20K men. From Russia.

335   2  1240 #     N Mongols         M Lublin, Sandomir, Khmelnik Cracow,  A
                                        Ratibor, Oppeln, Breslau, Liegnitz
                                        (Legnica), PL.
                                                                                One route taken by Batu's armies. From
                                                                                Russia.

200  23  1241 #     N Mongols         M Moldavia, Wallachia Transylvania,   A
                                        SE H, Moravia, Silesia, Esztergom
                                        (H), Udine (I).
                                                                                From Russia.

334   7  1241 #     N Mongols         M Mohi, in modern day H (nr Eger).    A
                                                                                Mongols routed Hungarians here; part of a
                                                                                two-pronged assault on Poland & Hungary.
                                                                                From Qara-Qytai, Chorezm (Buchara,
                                                                                Samarkand, Gurgang) Kuman Empire in S
                                                                                Russia, Persia. (See map entitled
                                                                                'Feldzuege und Reich Dschingis- Chans'
                                                                                following
                                                                                p.376 in xerox.) *{129-52}*

236  23  1241 1242  N Mongols         M Erzurum (AM)                        C
                                                                                From Caucasus.

901 215  1245 #     A Mongols         M {W Russia (Ukraine &                C
                                        Byelorussia)} - area of the
                                        {Russian Empire (See map p.60, in
                                        Putzger, Lendl, Wagner.)} *{32-
                                        59} - {32-58}*
                                                                                For consistency with (32-58) and (32-59).
                                                                                From C Asia (Mongolia?). *{31-44}*

229  15  1250 #     A Mongols         M Crimea                              S
                                                                                From E Russia (Muscovite Empire). *{32-
                                                                                60}* Offshoot of Golden Horde. They became
                                                                                Crimean Tatars.

200  26  1285 #     N Mongols         M Transylvania                        A
                                                                                From Russia.

200  27  1286 #     N Mongols         M PL                                  A
                                                                                From Russia.

900 368  1350 1450  A Mongols         M {E Russia (Muscovite Empire)} *{32- I
                                        60}*
                                                                                Located within the separate Khanate of the
                                                                                Golden Horde. Here the population was less
                                                                                urbanised & partly nomadic, consequently,
                                                                                Mongol rule lasted longer in Russia, (for
                                                                                200 more years following Mongke's death in
                                                                                1259): comment acc/to
                                                                                (336-13). Became Turkicized by the Turkic
                                                                                tribes (Kipchaks) they ruled. New amalgam
                                                                                of peoples called Tatars.

336   3  1370 1405  A Mongols         M N, across Syr Darya R & N of Aral   A
                                        Sea, across Ural Mt area & W to
                                        Astrakhan, on Volga R nr Caspian
                                        Sea.
                                                                                By Timur's army. From Samarkand, betw Syr
                                                                                Darya & Amu-Darya RR, S of Aral Sea, SU.
                                                                                *{336-1}* There was a Mongol ruling
                                                                                stratum, organized into separate
                                                                                'Khanates' which had gone independent ways
                                                                                upon the death of Mongke, in 1259. Under
                                                                                him there had been a short lived unity of
                                                                                the Mongol empire.

336   5  1370 1405  A Mongols         M Tabriz, N Iran                      A
                                                                                From Astrakhan, SU, via Caucasus Mts.
                                                                                Lands S of Caucasus Mts are located within
                                                                                Timur's Empire.

130  12  1402 1404  N Mongols         M AM (all the way to Izmir.)          A
                                                                                Timur's army coming from Persia.

383  34 -1800 -1550 N Monte Claro     U Sardinia, Corsica, see map 13a      L
                                        (30); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Incl. Megalith culture of Corsica
                                                                                (225-9). End date acc/to (384-56).

 48   6 -1700 -1300 A Monteoru        U NE Muntenia & Moldova (Moldavia),   L
                                        ROM (see Fig. 4 in ref 173)
                                                                                Culture.

232  60   950 1000  N Moors           E Leon                                R
                                                                                From Andalusia. Dates to correspond
                                                                                approximately to Almanzor's reign.

232  59  1100 1150  A Moors           E Galicia                             R
                                                                                Dates correspond to Portugese reconquista.
                                                                                From C & S P.

232  74  1406 #     N Moors           E Murcia                              A
                                                                                From Granada.

900 743   500 600   A Moravians       S C & S Moravia (see map 302,         M
                                        Moravane), CS.
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-40).*

900 744   500 900   A Moravians       S {C & S Moravia (see map 302,        L
                                        Moravane), CS.} *{900-734}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-743). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire. (Syn. Mahrharii).

900 748   900 1970  A Moravians       S Moravia, CS                         L
                                                                                This is a union of Moravians & Holasici.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-744) & (900-
                                                                                746). End date, still present to date.

229  21   500 1970  A Mordvins        F Mordvin (Mordovskaja) ASSR,         L
                                        Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR. Also
                                        Penza area (acc/to (169-35)).
                                                                                Start date: guess to correspond to other
                                                                                Finnic tribes. End date: still there. In
                                                                                Mordvin ASSR 339K, in Chuvash ASSR 20K, in
                                                                                Tatar ASSR 30K. Consists of 3 subtribes:
                                                                                Ersja (Erzas), Moksha & Terjukhans.

180   5  -100 1     N Morini          K Yser (Ijser) R basin, B             L
                                                                                Dates approximate around Caesar's time.
                                                                                One of the tribes of the Belgae.
                                                                                Population estimate for (180-5) through
                                                                                (180-11) (but excl (180-8)) is 525 K
                                                                                people.

391   3   300 400   N Moscin          U Upper Oka R & Moscow area, SU, see  L
                                        map 22a (5); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                A "group," not a "culture."

385   8 -1400 -1250 N Mound Grave     U C F, D, CS, W H, NE YU, see map 15  L
                                        a (6a-g); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolation between
                                                                                this record and (386-21). Syn.
                                                                                Huegelgraeber. Believed by (27-3) to have
                                                                                been Proto-Celtic.

386  21 -1250 -1100 N Mound Grave     U Betw Seine, Loire & Rhine RR, F,    L
                                        see map 16a (20); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                (Syn. Huegelgraeber). A type of "Funerary
                                                                                Urn Culture." Start date interpolated
                                                                                between this record and (385-8).
                                                                                Contraction over (385-8) may be more
                                                                                apparent than real. Cultures elswhere
                                                                                renamed. In general succeeded by Funerary
                                                                                Urns.

328   9  1054 1242  N Muroma          F Area near Murom & Oka R, SU         L
                                                                                Probably ancestral Mordvins. East Finnic
                                                                                group acc/to ref 234.

313  10 -1200 -1165 A Mushki          O Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van, TR   M
                                                                                From Europe. May have been different wave
                                                                                of Phrygians, but other scholars think
                                                                                they came via E of Black Sea and joined
                                                                                Phrygians after an attempt to thrust
                                                                                southward to Mesopotamia was checked by
                                                                                Assyrians in 1115 BC.

901  90 -1200 -1115 N Mushki          O {Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van,     L
                                        TR} *{313-10}*
                                                                                Start date: to conform to (313-10); end
                                                                                date: to conform to (313-12).

313  12 -1115 #     A Mushki          O W to Halys R area W of Amanus       M
                                        Mtns, TR.
                                                                                From Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van, TR.
                                                                                *{313-10}* Joined Phrygians.

900 136 -1550 -1100 A Mycenaeans      H Mainland GR with center around      L
                                        Mycenae.
                                                                                Compromise start date between (384-1) and
                                                                                (153-21) to conform to Ploetz date of 1580
                                                                                BC arrival of Achaeans of whom the
                                                                                Mycenaeans formed a subgroup. Conquered
                                                                                and dispersed by 1100 BC acc/to (160-6).

 21   3 -1400 #     A Mycenaeans      H Crete                               S
                                                                                From Greek mainland (Mycenae and
                                                                                surrounding areas). Added to original
                                                                                population.

224  31 -1250 #     N Mycenaeans      H Iasus, Mueskebi (Halicarnassus      S
                                        peninsula), Miletus, Colophon (all
                                        Aegean AM).
                                                                                From Greek mainland (Mycenae and
                                                                                surrounding areas).

119   2 -1750 -1650 A Mysians         P NW margins BG, NE Serbia            L
                                                                                Origin ambiguous. Termination date from
                                                                                reference 39 by same author.

 39   4 -1650 #     A Mysians         P SE Balkans                          E
                                                                                From NW Balkans (Danube R area).

900 254 -1650 -1    A Mysians         P {SE Balkans} + {NW margins BG, NE   L
                                        Serbia} *{39-4} + {119-2}*
                                                                                Acc/to ref 165. Probably Romanized.

119   3 -1500 #     A Mysians         P Anatolia (to NW of peninsula, see   S
                                        Mysia, p.16, Putzger/Lendl/Wagner
                                        Atlas.)
                                                                                From SE Balkans. *{39-4}*

900 278 -1400 -1000 A Mysians         P Rhyndakos & Makestos RV modern      S
                                        Adirnas Tschai & Susorlu Tschai
                                        RV. (This is NW AM, see Mysia,
                                        p.16, Putzger/Lendl/Wagner Atlas.)
                                        + Caicus (Bakir) RV
                                                                                Acc/to (39-6). They came in waves from SE
                                                                                Balkans. *{39-4}*

900 279 -1400 -800  A Mysians         P {Rhyndakos & Makestos RV modern     L
                                        Adirnas Tschai & Susorlu Tschai
                                        RV. (This is NW AM, see Mysia,
                                        p.16, Putzger/Lendl/Wagner Atlas.)
                                        + Caicus (Bakir) RV} *{900-278}*
                                                                                Acc/to (39-6) and (224-36). We assume that
                                                                                they existed in all of Mysia, not just
                                                                                Bakir RV.

355   7  -100 1     N Nantuates       U Berner Alps area, near immediately  L
                                        S of E L Geneva, around Aigle, on
                                        Rhone R, CH.
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

 12 140    -9 100   N Naristi         G {Betw. Regensburg & Bamberg} *{12-  L
                                        126}*
                                                                                End date from Tacitus (see ref 133, p.13).
                                                                                Residual Marcomanni in the original area,
                                                                                renamed Naristi or Varisti.

383  11 -1800 -1700 N Nayrev          U Between Danube & Tisza RR, C H,     L
                                        see map 13a(9); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Including Csepel (= Protonagyrev)
                                                                                group.

 12 133  -100 -61   A Nemetes         G N Baden nr Neckar R, D              L
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess. End date
                                                                                to conform to (12-136). Celticized
                                                                                Germanic tribe.

 12 136   -61 -9    N Nemetes         G Palatinate centered at Speyer, D    E
                                                                                From N. Baden nr Neckar R, D *{12-133}*
                                                                                Combines information from this ref., (353-
                                                                                16), and (12-144). Celticized Germanic
                                                                                tribe.

900 971   -61 100   A Nemetes         G {Palatinate centered at Speyer, D}  L
                                        + {N. Baden nr Neckar R, D} *{12-
                                        136} + {12-133}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (12-136). End
                                                                                date conservative bound based on (353-16).

143  22  -800 -700  A Nemeti          K Betw Main R & Taunus Mts            L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date to conform to
                                                                                (27-56). Niedermockstadt culture group.

 27  56  -700 -650  A Nemeti          K Asturia, E                          M
                                                                                From between Main & Taunus Mts *{143-22}*
                                                                                Pushed out by Germanic tribes.

900 970  -700 -600  A Nemeti          K {Asturia, E} *{27-56}*              L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-56) and (27-123).

 27 123  -600 -550  A Nemeti          K Castilian High Plains               W
                                                                                From Asturia, E *{27-56}*

 27 128  -550 -500  A Nemeti          K Castilian High Plains               I
                                                                                By Belgae.

901  81   250 1000  A Nenets          O {Taiga of W Siberia where S group   L
                                        of Vogul now live or even further
                                        S, but N of 57} *{41-8}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-80); end
                                                                                date to conform to (901-82). Dates reflect
                                                                                breakup of Samoyeds into N & S groups
                                                                                acc/to ref 41, but we have no dates for
                                                                                breakup of N Samoyeds into Nenets, Enets,
                                                                                & Nganasan.

901  82  1000 #     A Nenets          O {N of E Europe & W Siberia. Tundra  M
                                        from mouth of N Dvina R to mouth
                                        of Yenisey R on Kanin Penin, on
                                        little Tundra (Malaya Zemlya) betw
                                        Mezer & Pechora RR, on Great
                                        Tundra (Bol'shay Zemlya) betw
                                        Pechora R & Ural Mts, on Yamel
                                        Penin, on
                                        Ob R delta along Nadyn, lower Pur,      From Taiga of W Siberia where S group of
                                        lower Taz, lower Yenisey RR             Vogul now live or even further S, but N of
                                        islands, nr coast, specifically         57. *{41-8}* Date acc/to ref 41.
                                        Kolguyev, Vayzach, Novaya Zemlya,
                                        Belyy. Also forest region of
                                        middle Ob R.} *{41-1}*

 41   1  1000 1970  A Nenets          O N of E Europe & W Siberia. Tundra   L
                                        from mouth of N Dvina R to mouth
                                        of Yenisey R on Kanin Penin, on
                                        little Tundra (Malaya Zemlya) betw
                                        Mezer & Pechora RR, on Great
                                        Tundra (Bol'shay Zemlya) betw
                                        Pechora R & Ural Mts, on Yamel
                                        Penin, on
                                        Ob R delta along Nadyn, lower Pur,      Syn Yurak, a tribe of N. Samoyeds, Uralic
                                        lower Taz, lower Yenisey RR             speakers. Start date to conform to (901-
                                        islands, nr coast, specifically         82); end date still there. In 1960, 10-50
                                        Kolguyev, Vayzach, Novaya Zemlya,       K (upper bound seems high; E article on
                                        Belyy. Also forest region of            Uralic language mentions 24K) acc/to (213-
                                        middle Ob R.                            23).

180   7  -100 1     N Nervi           K S Brabant, Hainaut, B               L
                                                                                Dates approximate around Caesar's time.
                                                                                One of the tribes of the Belgae.
                                                                                Population estimate for (180-5) through
                                                                                (180-11) (but excl (180-8)) is 525 K
                                                                                people. Refs (352-15) & (361-19) refer to
                                                                                them as mixed with Germanics.

900 103  -800 -500  A Neuri           B Moscow, Vitebsk, Chernigov See      L
                                        under Plain Pottery or Jukhnovo
                                        group, fig 297, xerox. + W
                                        Ukraine, Volhynia, Kiev
                                                                                May be proto-Slavs, or proto-Balts acc/to
                                                                                (13-1). *(Place description can be
                                                                                attributed to * *(37-5) + (13-1). *

182   3  -550 -300  A Nienburger      G Weser-Aller RR area & E up to area  L
                                        just before N Harz Mts. (See
                                        hatching 9, Abb 50.)
                                                                                Date acc/to karte 2, p.96. At one time
                                                                                thought to be ancestors of Cherusci &
                                                                                Angrivarii. Not clear whether really so.

302  25   800 1000  A Nisane          S Around Dresden, DDR                 L
                                                                                End date supported by ref 371. (Syn.
                                                                                Nisene). Part of Lausitz Serbs. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

 17  27  -275 #     A Nitiobriges     K Agenais region of F                 M
                                                                                From where not stated.

383  22 -1800 -1700 N Nitran          U Lower Vah R area, C S, see map      L
                                        13a(19); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

302  22   800 1000  A Nizici          S Area NE of Mulde R, around Dessau,  L
                                        DDR.
                                                                                End date supported by (371-9). (Syn.
                                                                                Nisici). Part of Lausitz Serbs. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

 29   2 -1500 -500  A Non-Germanics   U N SCA, most of SF, E Baltic         L
                                                                                Non (Pre) Germanic Scandinavian pops.
                                                                                "Stone age cultures."

360   1 -2200 -1500 N Nordic Culture  G N from Elbe R area around Luebeck   L
                                        & Hamburg, D & into DK.
                                                                                Time period = Late Neolithic; marking
                                                                                early spread of this culture.

900 460 -1500 -1200 A Nordic Culture  G Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R  E
                                        in E, in S up to a line from
                                        Bremen to S Mecklenburg boundary.
                                        + S & C S, SW & W SF
                                                                                Combination of (29-1) & (29-3). From area
                                                                                N from Elbe R area around Luebeck &
                                                                                Hamburg, D & into DK. *{360-1}*

900 461 -1500 -800  A Nordic Culture  G {N from Elbe R area around Luebeck  L
                                        & Hamburg, D & into DK.} +
                                        {Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder       For consistency with (900-460) & (29-4).
                                        R in E, in S up to a line from
                                        Bremen to S Mecklenburg boundary.
                                        + S & C S, SW & W SF} *{360-1} +
                                        {900-460}*

 29   4  -800 -500  A Nordic Culture  G Westphalia up to Mt. threshhold; N  E
                                        parts of Saxony & Thuringia in the
                                        S In the W up to N NL, in the E up
                                        to lower Vistula R. SW & W SF area
                                        expanded & there were colonies in
                                        the E Baltic.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

900 307  -750 -400  A Norici          Y Noricum RP (Salzburg, U. A, L. A,   L
                                        Styria, Carinthia (provinces of
                                        modern A)).
                                                                                Acc/to (133-3). Earlier date acc/to (27-
                                                                                30). Replaced by Keltic-speaking
                                                                                population of same name.

900 308  -400 -1    A Norici          K {Noricum RP (Salzburg, U. A, L. A,  L
                                        Styria, Carinthia (Provinces of
                                        modern A))} *{900-307}*
                                                                                May be Kelticized earlier Illyrian
                                                                                population.

154  12  1029 1087  N Normans         I S I, Sicily (see ref 331)           C
                                                                                From Normandy. End date to include
                                                                                Syracuse acc/to (331-21).

901  69  1029 1194  A Normans         I {S I, Sicily (see ref 331)} *{154-  I
                                        12}*
                                                                                By indigenous population. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (154-12); end date: conquest of
                                                                                Sicily by Henry VI. Based on info in
                                                                                Finley, Smith & Duggan: History of Sicily.

154  11  1066 #     N Normans         I England                             C
                                                                                From Normandy. 4-7 K cavalry & infantry
                                                                                (acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica).

901  68  1066 1300  A Normans         I {England} *{154-11}*                I
                                                                                By Anglo-Saxons.

326   3  1081 1085  N Normans         I Durres (Albania) & Corfu,           A
                                        Kastoria, Larisa, & around
                                        Preveza, GR.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (149-31). From Brindisi,
                                                                                SE coast I (see (326-2)).

331  22  1090 #     N Normans         I Malta                               C
                                                                                Saracen lands since 950 successfully
                                                                                conquered by Normans. Ref suggests from
                                                                                Normandy, but more likely they came from
                                                                                Sicily, conquered earlier.

154  13  1098 #     N Normans         I Antioch                             C
                                                                                From France. By 1099 1.2 to 1.5K cavalry &
                                                                                12K soldiers acc/to (227-2).

326   5  1147 #     N Normans         I Islands of Corfu, Kefallinia,       A
                                        Zakinthos (islands W of GR) & thru
                                        Gulf of Corinth to Korinthos,
                                        Athens, & Monemvasia, GR.
                                                                                From Sicily.

326   7  1185 #     N Normans         I Durres (Albania), Ochrid (YU),      A
                                        Thessaloniki, Xanthi (GR)
                                                                                From Brindisi, I.

326   8  1185 #     N Normans         I Corfu, Zakinthos Islands, & around  N
                                        S of GR to Aegean Sea & towards
                                        Thessaloniki GR.
                                                                                From Brindisi, I.

110  56   180 #     A N. Africans     O Pannonia RP                         Q
                                                                                From N Africa. Roman legion.

901  92   305 #     N N. Africans     O Pannonia RP                         Q
                                                                                From N. Africa. Roman legion. Acc/to (110-
                                                                                56).

384  39 -1650 -1550 N N. Belorussian  U N Belorussia, SU, see map 14a       L
                                        (32); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

385  12 -1475 -1300 N N. Early Bronze U DK, NW D, S S, SE corner of N, see  L
                                        map 15a (9); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Full name: Northern Early Bronze
                                                                                Age.

901 111 -1300 -1200 A N. Early Bronze U NW D (W of Elbe), NL, S N           E
                                                                                From DK, NW D, S S, SE corner of N, see
                                                                                map 15a (9); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                                                                Ceskoslovenska." *{385-12}* Culture.
                                                                                Inferred from (385-12) and (386-46).

386  46 -1300 -1100 N N. Early Bronze U NL, DK, N D & DDR, S S & N (= (385- L
                                        12) + (901-111)), see map 16a (3);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date to conform to (901-
                                                                                111). Full name: Northern Early Bronze Age.

901 112 -1100 -800  N N. Early Bronze U W N, PL (E of Oder R), SW NL        E
                                                                                From NL, DK, N D & DDR, S S & N. *{386-
                                                                                46}* Culture. Inferred from (386-46) &
                                                                                (387-3).

387   3 -1100 -600  N N. Early Bronze U S S, S N, D, DK, NL, DDR (= (386-   L
                                        46) + (901-112)), see map 17a (3);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture from "period V" acc/to authors.
                                                                                Full name: Northern Early Bronze Age.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-112). End
                                                                                date acc/to (388-4).

363   1 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G NE Estonia, N of Kasari R           S
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   2 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G Hiumma & Saaremad, & W coast Muhu,  S
                                        off the W coast Estonia in Baltic
                                        Sea.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   3 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G C Latvia, betw Gulf of Riga, Roja,  S
                                        & Daugava R; Kurzeme region.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   4 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G Area betw Daugava & Gauja RR & E    S
                                        to around Issa R; Vidzeme region.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   5 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G Latgale area, N of Dvina R          S
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

386  43 -1200 -1100 N N.LateBronzeAge U S N, DK, S S, N D, DDR, see map     L
                                        16a (3); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Northern Younger
                                                                                Bronze Age periods III- IV."

 47  16 -1900 -1600 A NW. Greeks      H C Albania, C Epirus                 Q
                                                                                From Porodin (Pelagonia). *{47-13}* Only
                                                                                part of population.

900 142 -1900 -1000 N NW. Greeks      H {C Albania, C Epirus} *{47-16}*     L
                                                                                Following (47-16).

 23   6 -1200 -1000 A NW. Greeks      H Macedonia                           S
                                                                                Not known specifically from where. Most
                                                                                likely from Pelagonia.

 22   6 -1000 #     A NW. Greeks      H Boeotia, Thessaly Achaia, parts of  M
                                        Elis, Aetolia, Phokis.
                                                                                From C Albania, C Epirus. *{47-16}*

900 143 -1000 -700  N NW. Greeks      H {Boeotia, Thessaly Achaia, parts    L
                                        of Elis, Aetolia, Phokis.} *{22-6}*
                                                                                Following (22-6). Did not leave at 700 BC,
                                                                                but were incorporated into the general
                                                                                Greek population.

 22  18  -750 #     A NW. Greeks      H Sybaris, Croton (S I)               S
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

900 631     1 350   A Norwegians      G S N (S of 60 deg N)                 L
                                                                                For consistency with (208-2).

208   2   350 #     A Norwegians      G N up to Senja Is. (N N)             E
                                                                                From S Vestland (mostly Jaeren &
                                                                                Sunnhordland), largely betw 58 & 60 deg N.
                                                                                Large numbers.

900 632   350 800   A Norwegians      G {S N (S of 60 deg N)} + N up to     L
                                        Senja Is. (N N)} *{900-631} + {208-
                                        2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (208-2) & (208-5).

 15  19   795 #     N Norwegians      G Lambay Is (N of Dublin)             N
                                                                                From N. Called Vikings in ref. Gwyn Jones:
                                                                                History of the Vikings identifies them as
                                                                                from Norway.

 43   4   798 #     N Norwegians      G Isle of Man                         A
                                                                                From S N (S of 60 deg N) + N N. *{900-632}*

208   5   800 1000  A Norwegians      G Coast of Finnmark (N)               E
                                                                                From S N (S of 60 deg N) + N N. *{900-632}*

 15  18   800 #     A Norwegians      G Faroes, Hebrides, Orkneys &         S
                                        Shetland Islands.
                                                                                Start date is approximate acc/to
                                                                                Barraclough (Times Atlas) & Gwyn Jones
                                                                                (History of the Vikings).

900 633   800 1300  A Norwegians      G {S N (S of 60 deg N) + N up to      L
                                        Senja Is. (N N)} + {Coast of
                                        Finnmark (N)} *{900-632} + {208-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (208-5) & (208-6).

901 210   800 1970  A Norwegians      G {Faroes, Hebrides, Orkneys &        L
                                        Shetland Islands.} *{15-18}*

 43  12   836 841   N Norwegians      G IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn   S
                                        Duachail in Louth, & in Linn Roio.
                                                                                From N. (Norwegian Vikings)

900 636   841 900   A Norwegians      G Trading post in Ireland:            E
                                        Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Wexford
                                                                                From IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn
                                                                                Duachail in Louth, & in Linn Roio. *{43-
                                                                                12}* Start date to conform to (43-12); end
                                                                                date inferred acc/to Gwyn Jones, History
                                                                                of the Vikings, pp. 395-397.

900 637   841 1052  A Norwegians      G {IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn  L
                                        Duachail in Louth, & in Linn
                                        Roio.} + {Trading post in Ireland:
                                        Waterford, Cork, Limerick,
                                        Wexford} *{43-12} + {900-636}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-636) & (900-638).

 15   7   843 856   N Norwegians      G Noirmoutier, Tours                  N
                                                                                From N. Called Vikings in ref. Were
                                                                                Norwegian Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: A
                                                                                History of the Vikings.

 43  13   865 870   N Norwegians      G Scotland (Strathclyde area)         A
                                                                                From IRL. Norwegian Vikings. Under Olaf
                                                                                (see p. 207, Gwyn Jones: History of the
                                                                                Vikings).

 15  23   870 930   N Norwegians      G Iceland                             S
                                                                                From N. Some came from Ireland; may be
                                                                                part Celtic. Ref (43-29) cites 3K
                                                                                immigrants from 1400 places.

 43   3   892 904   N Norwegians      G Scotland                            A
                                                                                From IRL.

 43  23   911 #     N Norwegians      G Normandy                            S
                                                                                Leader was Rollo or Hrolf, unlear whether
                                                                                from N or DK. Viking settlers came from DK
                                                                                in the main, but also N and from the
                                                                                Danelaw in GB acc/to Gwyn Jones: History
                                                                                of the Vikings. Within very short time
                                                                                became Normans. Norwegians came
                                                                                mostly from Ireland and Scotland acc/to
                                                                                Gwyn Jones. Far fewer Norwegians than
                                                                                Danes.

 43  10   980 991   N Norwegians      G Southampton                         N
                                                                                From N (?).

900 638  1052 1200  A Norwegians      G {IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn  I
                                        Duachail in Louth, & in Linn Roio.
                                        + Trading post in Ireland:
                                        Waterford, Cork, Limerick,
                                        Wexford} *{900-637}*
                                                                                Inferred acc/to Gwyn Jones: History of the
                                                                                Vikings, p. 397.

208   6  1300 1700  A Norwegians      G Coast of E Finnmark (N)             E
                                                                                From S N (S of 60 deg N) + N N + Coast of
                                                                                Finnmark (N). *{900-633}*

900 634  1300 1970  A Norwegians      G {S N (S of 60 deg N) + N up to      L
                                        Senja Is. (N N) + Coast of
                                        Finnmark (N)} + {Coast of E
                                        Finnmark (N)} *{900-633} + {208-
                                        6}* (all of N)
                                                                                For consistency with (208-6). A continued
                                                                                presence of Norwegians in N.

364  12   400 1000  A Notangians      B Area betw Kaliningrad, (on          L
                                        Pregol'a R) & Jezero (lake) Mamry,
                                        S Rossijskaja region & Polish
                                        border.

385  16 -1400 -1300 N Nova            U Transylvania & Moldavia, ROM & SU,  L
                                        see map
                                        15a(14);"ArcheologickyAtlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Including Late Monteoru & Costisa cultures.

 48   5 -1300 -1200 A Nova            U SE Transilvania, Dobrugea,          L
                                        Moldava, & NE Muntenia, ROM
                                                                                Culture. Acc/to (385-16) & (386-15)
                                                                                Dobrugea is not included.

386  15 -1200 -1100 N Nova            U Moldavia SU, E ROM except           L
                                        Dobrugea, see map 16a (14);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Plus other Romanian culture
                                                                                "groups" of the end of the Bronze Age.

234 171   400 600   A Novgorods       S L Ilmen (more extended area         Q
                                        described in (13-65)).
                                                                                Full name: Novgorod Slovenes. Author calls
                                                                                them Slovenes and considers them subgroup
                                                                                of Sclavini. From area betw Carpathian Mts
                                                                                & Mid Dnepr R, chiefly in Kiev region.
                                                                                *{234-49}*

900 672   400 1100  A Novgorods       S {L Ilmen (more extended area        L
                                        described in (13-65)).} *{234-171}*
                                                                                Full name: Novgorod Slovenes. For
                                                                                consistency with (234-171) and (32-43).
                                                                                End date acc/to (328-24). (Also supported
                                                                                by Vana: World of the Ancient Slavs, 1983,
                                                                                p.50.)

 13  66   650 #     A Novgorods       S L Ladoga                            E
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-65)).
                                                                                *{900-672}*

900 774   650 1100  A Novgorods       S {L Ladoga} *{13-66}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (13-66) & (900-672).

 13  67   700 900   A Novgorods       S Ves, nr Vologda                     E
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-
                                                                                65)).} *{900-672}*

900 775   700 1100  N Novgorods       S {Ves, nr Vologda} *{13-67}*         L
                                                                                For consistency with (13-67) & (900-672).

 13  70   800 1000  N Novgorods       S Jaroslavl                           E
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-
                                                                                65)).} *{900-672}*

169 110   800 1000  A Novgorods       S Along Mologa & Seksna RR up to      E
                                        border of Volga Bulgars, along
                                        Suchona R up to Vjatka R, along
                                        Onega R.
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-
                                                                                65)).} *{900-672}*

900 776   800 1100  A Novgorods       S {Jaroslavl} *{13-70}*               L
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. For
                                                                                consistency with (13-70) & (900-672).

900 777   800 1100  A Novgorods       S {Along Mologa & Seksna RR up to     L
                                        border of Volga Bulgars, along
                                        Suchona R up to Vjatka R, along
                                        Onega R.} *{169-110}*
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. For
                                                                                consistency with (169-110) & (900-672).
                                                                                But no apparent Slavic occupation of the
                                                                                area until later (341-5).

194  18    80 150   A Nuithoni        G N of Elbe R, Dithmarschen,          L
                                        Stormarn, & Holstein (map 9-I,
                                        Westermann).
                                                                                Part of Saxons.

168  16 -1500 -500  A Nuraghe         U Sardinia (also Corsica acc/to (385- L
                                        40) etc)
                                                                                Culture. The Corsican component is
                                                                            sometimes called Torreen (225-10).

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