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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

900 770  1100 #     A Kajkavic        S {Prekomurje a border area between   Q
                                        A, H, YU on other side of Mur R
                                        (from YU point of view).} *{51-94}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-94). Identified
                                                                                as Slovenian Kajkavic. Could these be
                                                                                Caucasians? From Slovenia.

 51  94  1100 1300  A Kajkavic        S Prekomurje a border area between    L
                                        A, H, YU on other side of Mur R
                                        (from YU point of view).
                                                                                Identified as Slovenian Kajkavic. Could
                                                                                these be Caucasians?

388  14  -700 -600  N Kalenderberg    U Area just W of Danube R "knee," H   L
                                        & CS border, see map 18a (15);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

169  41  1600 #     A Kalmyks         N W Turkestan                         M
                                                                                From W Mongolia via Tibet.

900 357  1600 1700  A Kalmyks         N {W Turkestan} *{169-41}*            L
                                                                                For consistency with (169-41) and (169-40).

169  40  1700 #     A Kalmyks         N Lower Volga up to Manyc R           R
                                                                                From W Turkestan. *{169-41}*

900 358  1700 1970  A Kalmyks         N {Lower Volga up to Manyc R}         L
                                        (probably same as (212-15).) *{169-
                                        40}*
                                                                                Ref (212-15) says 268K people. His figures
                                                                                are pre WW II. Ref (169-40) says 65K
                                                                                people in 1970.

133   6  -150 -50   A Kampoi          K Kamp RV, L A                        L

 51  33   600 900   A Karantanci      S E Alps                              L
                                                                                S. Slavs that became Slovenes.

900 117 -2700 -1800 A KarelianCulture U E SF & adjacent SU, see map 11a     L
                                        (49); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Acc/to (380-49), (381-53). Full name:
                                                                                Karelian Culture.

900 118 -1800 -700  A KarelianCulture U Betw White Sea & L Ladoga, N SU &   L
                                        E SF, see map 17a (41);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Acc/to (383-45), (386-39), (387-43), (384-
                                                                                42), (385-32). Full name: Karelian Culture.

201  18 -1000 #     A Karelians       F Karelia, also S of L Ladoga         M
                                                                                From the Volga area. See fig 2 in ref 201.
                                                                                (Date is correct. Can coexist with
                                                                                Karelian culture.)

900 123 -1000 1540  A Karelians       F Karelia, + W shore L Ladoga (map    L
                                        1, ref 202). + N SU, betw Gulf of
                                        Finland & White Sea.
                                                                                Acc/to (202-11), (328-17), (201-18).

201   9   800 1000  A Karelians       F SE SF around Kexholm (see           L
                                        Kaekisalmi, NW corner of L Ladoga.
                                        ref 202, map 2.)
                                                                                End date to conform to (201-10).
                                                                                Reference calls these Proto-Karelians.

201  10  1000 #     A Karelians       F N of Savo, W to Nastola, S in       E
                                        Ingria & E to White Sea lands.
                                                                                From SE SF around Kexholm (see Kaekisalmi,
                                                                                NW corner of L Ladoga. ref 202, map 2.)
                                                                                *{201-9}*  Reference calls these Proto-
                                                                                Karelians.  These turn into Karelians.

170  24  1300 1500  A Karelians       F Halogaland (C part of N); nr Bodoe. S
                                                                                From Karelia.

204   5  1540 1580  N Karelians       F Interior of SF whole of SF with     E
                                        exception of Lapland and most
                                        barren lands along the watersheds.
                                                                                From Savo.

900 124  1540 1617  N Karelians       F {Karelia, + W shore L Ladoga (map   L
                                        1, ref 202). + N SU, betw Gulf of
                                        Finland & White Sea.} + {Interior
                                        of SF whole of SF with exception
                                        of Lapland and most barren lands
                                        along the watersheds.} *{900-123}
                                        + {204-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-123) and (204-5).

204   6  1617 #     N Karelians       F Novgorod and Tver (now Kalinin,SU). S
                                                                                From Kaekisalmi-Carelia & Ingria. Whole
                                                                                villages, even whole parishes of Greek-
                                                                                Orthodox faith.

204   7  1617 #     N Karelians       F Kaekisalmi-Carelia                  S
                                                                                From Savo (Lutherans).

900 125  1617 1970  N Karelians       F {Karelia, + W shore L Ladoga (map   L
                                        1, ref 202). + N SU, betw Gulf of
                                        Finland & White Sea. + Interior of
                                        SF whole of SF with exception of
                                        Lapland and most barren lands
                                        along the watersheds.} + {Novgorod
                                        and Tver (now Kalinin,SU).} *{900-
                                        124}
                                        + {204-6}*                              For consistency with (900-124) and (204-
                                                                                6). For population figures, see (212-13),
                                                                                (213-19), (169-8).

169   9  1800 1900  A Karelians       F Tver (Kalinin, SU)                  S
                                                                                From Karelia.

380  51 -2700 -700  N Kargopol        U U Onega R & U Suchona R, also nr L  L
                                        Beloje, SU, see map 10a (46);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (387-44).
                                                                                (Intermediate times documented by other
                                                                                records.)

900 309  -750 -400  A Karni           Y Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in   L
                                        NW Slovenija (YU) near town of
                                        Kranj).
                                                                                Replaced by Celtic-speaking population
                                                                                called Carni; by analogy with (900-307).

219   7 -1750 -900  A Kaska           U N of Kattusha (mod. Bogazkoey,      L
                                        TR), AM
                                                                                Nomads of unknown language, troublesome to
                                                                                Hittites. End date to conform to (224-16).

221   1 -1200 #     A Kaska           U Bogazkoey, Alaca, Alisar (AM)       A
                                        (modern names, TR) (see maps in
                                        ref 224 for locations)
                                                                                Nomads of unknown language, troublesome to
                                                                                Hittites. From N of Kattusha (mod.
                                                                                Bgazkoey) AM. *{219-7)*

224  16  -900 -700  A Kaska           U Area betw Halys & U Euphrates RR    E
                                                                                From N of Kattusha (mod. Bgazkoey) AM.
                                                                                *{219-7}*

901 116  -900 -700  A Kaska           U {N of Kattusha (mod. Bgazkoey) AM}  L
                                        + {Area betw Halys & U Euphrates
                                        RR} *{219-7} + {224-16}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (224-16). End
                                                                                date: no mention of these subsequent to
                                                                                (224-16).

382  12 -2200 -1900 N Kemi-Obyn       U Crimea, see map 12a (9);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 36   5   896 907   N Khabar          T Betw Zagyva & Tarna RR (in H)       M
                                        along lower margin of N Mt area.
                                                                                From E supposedly. Came with Magyars.

900 413   896 1200  A Khabar          T {Betw Zagyva & Tarna RR (in H)      L
                                        along lower margin of N Mt area.}
                                        *{36-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (36-5). Probably
                                                                                assimilated linguistically by end date.

219   3 -2500 -1750 A Khattic         O NC AM, roughly within Cekerek       L
                                        (classical Scylax) & Delice
                                        (classical Cappadox) RR basins.
                                                                                Language of the original non-IE Hittites.
                                                                                Stated as having inhabited area since
                                                                                prehistoric times. Actual start time may
                                                                                be earlier than -2500.

219   4 -1750 -1500 A Khattic         O {NC AM, roughly within Cekerek      I
                                        (classical Scylax) & Delice
                                        (classical Cappadox) RR basins}
                                        *{219-3}*
                                                                                End date: guess. By Hittite speakers.

 31  31   500 650   A Khazars         T N of Caucasus & Caspian             L
                                                                                Acc/to (234-84), mixed with original
                                                                                (Japhetide) stock, Sarmatians, Hunno-
                                                                                Bulgars & Ugrians.

234  85   627 #     N Khazars         T Tiflis (Tblisi)                     A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

900 382   650 680   A Khazars         T {N of Caucasus & Caspian}  -        E
                                        {N Caucasian area & triangular          For consistency with (234-92) and (31-31),
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &        following various sources. From N of
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &          Caucasus & Caspian. *{31-31}* Destroy
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R        Bulgar Empire in 679.
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.}
                                        *{31-31} - {234-92}*

234  92   650 750   A Khazars         T N Caucasian area & triangular       L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.

234  94   683 #     N Khazars         T Armenia                             A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

234  95   717 #     N Khazars         T Azerbaidjan                         A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

234  97   726 #     N Khazars         T Azerbaidjan                         A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

211   9   750 #     A Khazars         T Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR   E
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. *{234-92}*

900 383   750 787   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         Acc/to (211-9), Times Atlas of World
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of       History p.108, & other sources.
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.} +
                                        {Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr
                                        RR.} *{234-92} + {211-9}*

234 133   764 #     N Khazars         T Tiflis (Tblisi)                     A
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

234 134   764 #     N Khazars         T Armenia                             A
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

234 136   787 #     N Khazars         T Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital  C
                                        of the Crimean Goths.)
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

900 385   787 840   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (234-136).
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr
                                        RR.} + {Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.)}
                                        *{900-383} + {234-136}*

234 135   799 800   N Khazars         T Transcaucasia                       A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

234 172   840 #     A Khazars         T Entire Donets R basin, Desna R      C
                                        basin, Don R area as far as
                                        Bogucar.
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

900 384   840 850   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (234-172).
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.)} +
                                        {Entire Donets R basin, Desna R
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.}
                                        *{900-385} + {234-172}*

900 388   850 #     A Khazars         T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      T
                                        *{900-386}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-386). To N
                                                                                Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the
                                                                                N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also
                                                                                steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                                                                (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus
                                                                                range. W boundary is Pontic (Black
                                                                                Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch.
                                                                                NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is
                                                                                from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or
                                                                                Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.
                                                                                + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of
                                                                                the Crimean Goths.) + Entire
                                                                                Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area
                                                                                as far as Bogucar. - Area between Ural &
                                                                                Volga RR. *{900-389}*

900 389   850 889   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (900-386).
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.) +
                                        Entire Donets R basin, Desna R
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.} -
                                        {Area between Ural & Volga RR}
                                        *{900-384} - {900-386}*

900 390   889 #     N Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      E
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (900-386). From N
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of       Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +       N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.      steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;            (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.) +        range. W boundary is Pontic
                                        Entire Donets R basin, Desna R
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.} -        (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to
                                        {N Caucasian area & triangular          Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &        boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &          Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R        Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main         Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.)
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW              + Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin,
                                        boundary is Sea of Azov. E              Don R area as far as Bogucar. - Area
                                        boundary is from mouth of Yaik R        between Ural & Volga RR. *{900-389}*
                                        to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across
                                        Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. +
                                        Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital
                                        of the Crimean Goths.) + Entire
                                        Donets R basin, Desna R basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar. -
                                        Area between Ural & Volga RR.}
                                        *{900-391} - {900-389}*
900 391   889 1030  A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (900-390). Khazar
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of       Empire gradually fell to Pechenegi attacks
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +       starting in second half of the 9th
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.      century, also to Kievan attacks (965
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;            Sarkel falls). End date from ref 129,
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.) +        p.111. Encyclopaedia Britannica cites
                                        Entire Donets R basin, Desna R          mention
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.}          of Khazars in historical documents as late
                                        *{900-384}*                             as 12th century.

119  15  -800 -600  A Kikones         P Between Lower course Hebros R       L
                                        (Euros R, border of GR & TR) &
                                        Lake Biston. (Limni Vistonis, L or
                                        bay betw Xanthi & Komotini, GR)

 39  12  -700 #     A Kikones         P Kikonion, AM (haven't located this  S
                                        as yet).
                                                                                Part of tribe only. From area between
                                                                                Lower course Hebros R (Euros R, border of
                                                                                GR & TR) & Lake Biston. (Limni Vistonis, L
                                                                                or bay betw Xanthi & Komotini, GR). *{119-
                                                                                15}*

900 270  -700 -600  A Kikones         P Kikonion, AM (haven't located this  L
                                        as yet).
                                                                                Acc/to (39-12). We are not given a
                                                                                termination date. 600 BC is a guess only.

383  12 -1800 -1700 N Kisapostag      U W H, see map 13a (10);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Including Guntramsdorf-Drassburg
                                                                                (= Litzenkeramik & Burgenland).

383  46 -1800 -1475 N Kiukais         U SW SF & W Estonia, see map 13a      L
                                        (43); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                (384-43) and (385-35). Syn. Kiukainen.
                                                                                Acc/to (203-3) these are an amalgam of
                                                                                Battle Axe and primordial peoples.

385  35 -1475 -1250 N Kiukais         U S & W coast SF & Estonia, see map   L
                                        15a (30); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (384-33). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (383-46). Syn. Kiukainen.

 19   4 -1200 -750  A Knoviz          U NC Bohemia (see outline on map 41,  L
                                        Czech Atlas)
                                                                                Culture. Probably proto-Celtic. Dates
                                                                                taken from Czech Atlas maps 41 & 42.

 51 102  1346 1376  N Kocevari        G Kocevje (Gottscheewen; Slovenia,    M
                                        YU)
                                                                                These may have come from Frankonia and
                                                                                Thuringia. Possibly these are German
                                                                                speaking Gottscheewen but text says they
                                                                                are Slovenianized.

900 593  1346 1970  N Kocevari        G {Kocevje (Gottscheewen; Slovenia,   L
                                        YU)} *{51-102}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (51-102). Was told they
                                                                                still live there but are Slovenianized.
                                                                                Language code might therefore be incorrect.

 13  19 -1650 -1200 A Komarov         U Upper Dnestr R & in Ukrainian       L
                                        forest steppe on right bank of
                                        Dnepr R (see Fig. 3, p. 35)
                                                                                Culture. Start date acc/to (384-26); end
                                                                                date for consistency with (386-31).
                                                                                Derived from Corded Pottery Ceramic; gave
                                                                                rise to Belogrudov culture.

900 792   500 1500  A Komi            F Between Upper Kama R & Ural mts,    L
                                        including Perm.
                                                                                This record was synthesized from several
                                                                                sources, incl (169-26), (169-27), the
                                                                                article on Uralic languages in the
                                                                                Encyclo- pedia Britannica, etc. This is
                                                                                the ancestral group to the Komi-Permyaks
                                                                                and Komi-Zyryans. Start date: guess to
                                                                                correspond with other Finnic tribes. End
                                                                                date: supposed split into the two groups
                                                                                speaking different dialects (169-29).

169  26  1500 #     A Komi-Permyaks   F {Between Upper Kama R & Ural mts,   T
                                        including Perm.}  -
                                        {Nat'l area of Komi-Permyaks (Komi-     To Nat'l area of Komi-Permyaks (Komi-
                                        Permyatsky nationalny okrug) plus       Permyatsky nationalny okrug) plus Perm
                                        Perm area SU} *{900-792} - {169-        area SU *{169-27}* Date implied by (169-
                                        27}*                                    29). These descended from the Komi in loc.
                                                                                (900-792). Syn Permyaks.

169  27  1500 1970  N Komi-Permyaks   F Nat'l area of Komi-Permyaks (Komi-  L
                                        Permyatsky nationalny okrug) plus
                                        Perm area SU
                                                                                Start date to conform to (169-26). These
                                                                                descended from the Komi in loc. (900-792).
                                                                                Syn Permyaks. 100-300K people. The
                                                                                population figures from this book (213-14,
                                                                                a generally more detailed reference than
                                                                                212) have been updated from 1970
                                                                                census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica. Part of Komi
                                                                                group.

900 793  1500 #     A Komi-Zyryans    F Area of Komi ASSR SU                M
                                                                                From between Upper Kama R & Ural mts,
                                                                                incl. Perm. *{900-792}* Implied by (169-
                                                                                29), which also furnishes date. These
                                                                                descended from the Komi in loc. (900-792).
                                                                                Syn. Zyryans, Syrjenians.

900 794  1500 1970  A Komi-Zyryans    F {Area of Komi ASSR SU} *{900-793}*  L
                                                                                Acc/to (169-28), (169-29). These descended
                                                                                from the Komi in loc. (900-792). Syn.
                                                                                Zyryans, Syrjenians.

 13  48   500 600   A Korcak          S R, BG                               Q
                                                                                Dates based on Vana: World of Ancient
                                                                                Slavs, p.43. From NW Ukraine from Middle
                                                                                Dnepr R in the E, to Upper W Bug R in the
                                                                                W, from Pripet R in the N, to the area of
                                                                                the Dnepr R to the S Bug R in the S. *{13-
                                                                                46}*

 13  46   500 700   A Korcak          S NW Ukraine from Middle Dnepr R in   L
                                        the E, to Upper W Bug R in the W,
                                        from Pripet R in the N, to the
                                        area of the Dnepr R to the S Bug R
                                        in the S.
                                                                                Culture believed by D. T. Berezovec to
                                                                                have been produced by Drevljan tribe.
                                                                                Developed into Luka-Rajkoveckaja group.

383  23 -1800 -1700 N Kostian         U Carpathian Mts., CS, see map 13a    L
                                        (20); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 13  59   300 600   A Krivice         S Upper Niemen R & area between W     L
                                        Bug R & Vistula R along border
                                        between Poland & Byelorussia.

 13  60   600 #     A Krivice         S Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in      M
                                        Pskov area.
                                                                                From Upper Niemen R & area between W Bug R
                                                                                & Vistula R along border between Poland &
                                                                                Byelorussia. *{13-59}*

900 761   600 650   A Krivice         S {Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in     L
                                        Pskov area.} *{13-60}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-60), end date
                                                                                to conform to (13-61).

 13  61   650 #     A Krivice         S Upper Dnepr R & area of Smolensk,   E
                                        & Polock area (SU).
                                                                                Ref (210-9) locates them there earlier at
                                                                                300 - 500 AD. From Upper W Duna R &
                                                                                Velikaja R in Pskov area. *{900-761}*

900 762   650 800   A Krivice         S {Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in     L
                                        Pskov area.} + {Upper Dnepr R &
                                        area of Smolensk, & Polock area
                                        (SU).} *{900-761} + {13-61}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-61), end date
                                                                                to conform to (900-763).

900 763   800 900   A Krivice         S Area E of {Upper W Duna R &         E
                                        Velikaja R in Pskov area. + Upper
                                        Dnepr R & area of Smolensk, &
                                        Polock area (SU).} including
                                        previously Finnic areas at
                                        Kostrom, Jaroslavl, Suzdal,
                                        Vladimir, Murom & Rjazan &
                                        including intermediate regions,
                                        e.g. Tversk (Kalinin). *Area E of       From Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in Pskov
                                        {900-762} ... *                         area. + Upper Dnepr R & area of Smolensk,
                                                                                & Polock area (SU). *{900-762}* Start date
                                                                                acc/to (13-63). End date is a guess based
                                                                                (147-10). Information for this record
                                                                                comes from (13-63), (147-7),
                                                                                (147-8), (147-10).

900 764   800 1400  A Krivice         S {Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in     L
                                        Pskov area. + Upper Dnepr R & area
                                        of Smolensk, & Polock area (SU).}
                                        + {Area E of {Upper W Duna R &
                                        Velikaja R in Pskov area. + Upper
                                        Dnepr R & area of Smolensk, &
                                        Polock area (SU).} including
                                        previously
                                        Finnic areas at Kostrom,                Start date to conform to (900-763). End
                                        Jaroslavl, Suzdal, Vladimir, Murom      date acc/to (147-10). This record include
                                        & Rjazan & including intermediate       E. Krivice (Smolensk area) & W. Krivice
                                        regions, e.g. Tversk (Kalinin).}        (syn. Polocane) in the Polock area (ref
                                        *{900-762} + {900-763}*                 169).

 39  41  -500 -460  A Krobyzoi        P From rt bk Athrys R (modern         L
                                        Jantra) to Chora R (of the
                                        Odessites). (ref 40, fig 4)
                                                                                Subjugated by the Odrysae (by 460 BC).

328  23  1054 1242  N Kuri            B W Latvia, betw Baltic Sea & Gulf    L
                                        of Riga.
                                                                                Probably syn. with Curonians.

  7   5   375 700   A Kutriguri       T Sea of Azov W shore Sea of Azov up  L
                                        to Don R & Black Sea shore of part
                                        of Crimea.
                                                                                End date for consistency with (234-86),
                                                                                (234-87), (234-88).

 40 112   481 558   N Kutriguri       T Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From Sea of Azov, W shore Sea of Azov up
                                                                                to Don R & Black Sea shore of part of
                                                                                Crimea. *{7-5}*

234  61   539 #     N Kutriguri       T Illyricum to Adriatic littoral      A
                                                                                From Sea of Azov, W shore Sea of Azov up
                                                                                to Don R & Black Sea shore of part of
                                                                                Crimea. *{7-5}*

234  86   645 #     N Kutriguri       T Mid Volga & Kama RR                 Q
                                                                                From Azov region. Ancestors of Black or
                                                                                Silver Bulgars. Part of tribe only.

234  87   645 #     N Kutriguri       T Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                From Azov region. Part of tribe only.
                                                                                Joined Avars.

234  88   645 #     N Kutriguri       T Benevento (I)                       Q
                                                                                From Azov region. Part of tribe only.
                                                                                Joined Lombards.

900 373   645 660   A Kutriguri       T Pannonia                            L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-371).

900 371   660 #     A Kutriguri       T Frankish Empire                     Q
                                                                                From Pannonia. Acc/to (7-21), joined
                                                                                Avars, but during this period troubles
                                                                                between Avar & Bulgar leaders led to the
                                                                                exodus of 9K Bulgars who moved to the
                                                                                Frankish Empire where they were largely
                                                                                annihilated.

900 372   660 670   A Kutriguri       T {Frankish Empire} *{900-371}*       L
                                                                                Acc/to (7-21), joined Avars, but during
                                                                                this period troubles between Avar & Bulgar
                                                                                leaders led to the exodus of 9K Bulgars
                                                                                who moved to the Frankish Empire where
                                                                                they were largely annihilated.

169  10  1000 1500  A Kvaens          F N Sweden                            M
                                                                                Related to Karelians. Presumably came from
                                                                                Karelia. Mentioned by author but info from
                                                                                Geipel, and Coon: The Races of Europe, who
                                                                                gives the date as (Northern) Middle Ages.

900 799  1000 1970  A Kvaens          F {N Sweden} *{169-10}*               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (169-10). End
                                                                                date: still there.

 27 177   500 1970  A Kymry           K Wales                               L
                                                                                Formed from Britons and Ordovici who
                                                                                amalgamated. These are the direct
                                                                                ancestors of the Welsh. End date: still
                                                                                there.

387  29  -800 -700  N Kyzyl Kobin     U Crimea, nr Sevastopol, SU, see map  L
                                        17a (28); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 48  29  -450 -300  A La Tene         U ROM                                 L
                                                                                Author distinguishes these populations
                                                                                from Celts who occurred only W & S of
                                                                                Carpathians (48-31).

133   2  -400 -300  A La Tene         K Lower A                             L
                                                                                End date arrival of named group, Boii (19-
                                                                                9), not really end of La Tene. La Tene in
                                                                                Lower A ascribed to K, but may still have
                                                                                been Y to which the Hallstatt in A is
                                                                                ascribed.

165  46  -300 -100  A Labeatae        Y Nr Skadar (Shkoder, Alb.) (see map  L
                                        1, ref 165).
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

230   6  -800 -500  A Laietani        U Around Barcelona, E                 L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

207   2  -500 -1    A Lapps           F N of N, S, SF, SU as far E as Kola  M
                                        Peninsula on White Sea. Occasional
                                        settlements in mt backbone of SCA
                                        as far South as L Femund in C N
                                        and North Dalecarlia in Sweden.
                                        Plus S SF & Karelia up to L. Onega.
                                                                                From NW Asia. Dates are a compromise
                                                                                between (202-5) and (207-2). some sources
                                                                                quoted in ref 207 believe Lapps in SCA
                                                                                much earlier but there is no evidence for
                                                                                this. (206-3) says that Lapps did not
                                                                                reach N until 9th C AD. Syn: Saami,
                                                                                Sames, Samer.

900 789  -500 1400  A Lapps           F {N of (N, S, SF, SU as far E as     L
                                        Kola Peninsula on White Sea).
                                        Occasional settlements in mt
                                        backbone of SCA as far South as L
                                        Femund in C N and North Dalecarlia
                                        in Sweden. Plus S SF & Karelia up
                                        to L. Onega.} *{207-2}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (207-2); end date
                                                                                to conform to (170-29).

170  29  1400 1500  N Lapps           F L Onega & S SF                      T
                                                                                To N of (N, S, SF, SU as far E as Kola
                                                                                Penin- sula on White Sea). Occasional
                                                                                settlements in mt backbone of SCA as far
                                                                                South as L Femund in C N and North
                                                                                Dalecarlia in Sweden. *{207-1}* Ref says:
                                                                                still there in 14th C AD.

207   1  1400 1970  N Lapps           F N of N, S, SF, SU as far E as Kola  L
                                        Peninsula on White Sea. Occasional
                                        settlements in mt backbone of SCA
                                        as far South as L Femund in C N
                                        and North Dalecarlia in Sweden.
                                                                                Modern pop. size 20 K in Norway, 8 K in
                                                                                Sweden, 2 K in Kola Peninsula (from refs
                                                                                (170-28) & (213-22)). Start date to
                                                                                conform to (170-29). End date: still there.


384  45 -1650 -1550 N Late Battle Axe U S S & N, see map 14a (38);          L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: Late Boat-Shaped Battle
                                                                                Axe. Apparent contraction over (383-28).

383  19 -1850 -1700 N L.Corded Ware   U CH, see map 13a (16a);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Late Corded Ware. Start date
                                                                                interpolated to conform to (382-21).

383  25 -1850 -1700 N L.Corded Ware   U Upper reaches of Bug R in W         L
                                        Ukraine, see map 13a(22);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Pocapsky type of Late Corded Pottery. Full
                                                                                name: Late Corded Ware. Start date
                                                                                interpolated to conform to (382-21).

383  26 -1850 -1700 N L.Corded Ware   U NW Ukraine, see map 13a (22a);      L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Strizovo culture of Late Corded Pottery.
                                                                                Full name: Late Corded Ware. Start date
                                                                                interpolated to conform to (382-21).

383  27 -1850 -1700 N L.Corded Ware   U N D, N NL, N DDR, SCA,see map 13a   L
                                        (23); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Late Corded Ware. Start date
                                                                                interpolated to conform to (382-21).

222   5 -1550 -1050 A Late Cypriot    U Cyprus                              L
                                                                                Culture in Late Bronze Period.

382   7 -2200 -1850 N Late Ezero      U E BG, see map 12a (3);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Syn: Karanovo VIIb. Culture. End date
                                                                                interpolated to fit start date of (383-3).

383   3 -1850 -1675 N Late Ezero      U SE BG, see map 13a (2a);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Middle Bronze Age (Trojan
                                                                                influence). Start and end dates
                                                                                interpolated to fit (382-7) and (384-4),
                                                                                respectively. Apparent slight southward
                                                                                displacement over (382-7).

384   4 -1675 -1550 N Late Ezero      U E BG, see map 14a (2);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Start date interpolated to fit (383-3).
                                                                                Middle Bronze Age culture. Apparent slight
                                                                                displacement away from Black Sea over (383-
                                                                                3).

383   6 -1850 -1600 N Late Glina III  U S R, see map 13a (5);               L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (382-9). Area previously
                                                                                part of Schneckenberg-Glina III (382-9).
                                                                                See (383-9) for Late Schneckenberg. End
                                                                                date acc/to (48-8) and (48-14). Syn. Glina.

386  24 -1250 -1100 N Late Hilversum  U NL, see map 16a (24);               L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

385  25 -1400 -1250 N Late Jakov      U Oka & Moksa RR area, see map 15a    L
                                        (21); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (386-36).

386  36 -1250 -1100 N Late Jakov      U Area between Volga & Oka RR, SU,    L
                                        see map 16a (39); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (385-25). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (385-25).

386  40 -1250 -1100 N Late Kiukais    U S SF & Estonia, see map 16a (44);   L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

384   2 -1650 -1550 N Late Minoan     U Crete, see map 14a (1a);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."

386  20 -1250 -1100 N Late Rhone      U Rhone R area, F, see map 16a (19);  L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Called "Late Rhone" culture; a type of
                                                                                Funerary Urn Culture.

383   9 -1850 -1700 N Late Schneckenb U N & C R, se map 13a (7);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (382-9). Full name: Late
                                                                                Schneckenberg. Area previously part of
                                                                                Schneckenberg-Glina III (382-9). See (383-
                                                                                6) for Glina III.

 48  11 -2200 -2000 A Late Vinca      U W Banat (Only the province (?) in   L
                                        ROM is meant. See Fig. 1 in ref.)
                                                                                Culture.

 48  19 -2200 -1800 A Late Vinca      U SW Transilvania (ROM)               L
                                                                                Culture.

383   5 -1850 -1700 N Late Vucedol    U NE YU, see map 13a (4);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Start date interpolation between (382-8)
                                                                                and this record. Apparent contraction over
                                                                                (382-8). Referred to as a "group," not a
                                                                                culture.

386   8 -1200 -1100 N Late ZBCGM      U Danube R area, W of Olt R, YU,      L
                                        ROM, see map 16a (8);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Zuto Brdno-Cirna-Girla
                                                                                Mare" (Late)

382  16 -2200 -1900 N Laterza         U SE I, see map 12a (13);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Gaudo & other cultures also found
                                                                                here, with Lateriya.

 48  16 -2200 -1900 A LatestNeolithic U Mid Transilvania (ROM)              L
                                                                                The culture entry LatestNeolithic should
                                                                                be Latest Neolithic. (This abbrev. has
                                                                                been added to the people synonym list.)

 48  21 -2200 -1700 A LatestNeolithic U W Transilvania & Maramures (ROM)    L
                                                                                The culture entry LatestNeolithic should
                                                                                be Latest Neolithic. (This abbrev. has
                                                                                been added to the people synonym list.)

900 113  1200 1618  A Latgallians     B Polotsk & Disna R                   L
                                                                                Acc/to (210-12). Probably syn. with
                                                                                Lettigallians.

210  13  1618 1662  A Latgallians     B Polotsk & Disna R, Neve R district  I
                                        of Zemgale (Latvia).
                                                                                By Russians. Probably syn. with
                                                                                Lettigallians.

 26  21  -900 -450  A Latini          I Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,     L
                                        Putzger)
                                                                                End date arbitrary; changed name to Romans.
 
352  21  -100 1     A Latovices       K Area around L Bodensee              L
                                                                                According to map legend, 'Pure Celts.'

213   9  1960 1970  N Latvians        B Latvia                              L
                                                                                1430K people. The population figures from
                                                                                this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than ref 212) have been updated
                                                                                from 1970 census. Figures obtained from
                                                                                the Encyclopedia Brittanica.

388  18  -700 -600  N Launacien       U Area betw Loire & Dordogne RR, F,   L
                                        see map 18a (18); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

901 113 -1200 -600  A Lausitz         U C & E Europe from Silesia & S       L
                                        Brandenburg to Bug R, in S to NE
                                        Bohemia, N Moravia, NW Slovakia.
                                                                                Based on numerous records, incl. (27-4),
                                                                                (152-8), and (388-8). Culture. Some
                                                                                authors consider them pre-Celtic, others
                                                                                pre-Illyrian.

301  23   700 800   A Lausitz Sorbs   S Around Leipzig, DDR and along       Q
                                        border of D and CS.
                                                                                From Nieder-Lausitz (DDR)? Date adjusted
                                                                                to reflect end of period of greatest
                                                                                Slavic expansion, also to conform to (148-
                                                                                6). Called Luzicti Srbove in ref. (Syn.
                                                                                Lusizi.)

900 676   700 900   A Lausitz Sorbs   S {Around Leipzig, DDR and along      L
                                        border of D and CS.} *{301-23}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (301-23). End
                                                                                date only a guess for this area. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

356   5  -100 -50   N Lemovices       K Dordogne R area of Auvergne         L
                                        region, F.
                                                                                Start date arbitrary. Undoubtedly there
                                                                                much longer. Language code not certain.

  1   8    17 100   N Lemovii         G At mouth of Oder R in modern        L
                                        Pomerania.

900 737   500 600   A Lemuzi          S Around Most and Teplice, CS         M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-49).*

900 741   500 900   A Lemuzi          S {Around Most and Teplice, CS}       L
                                        *{900-737}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-737). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

 26   7 -1000 -800  A Lepontii        U W of Ticino R, N I (see map p. 359) L
                                                                                Intermixed Ligurian & Indo-European.
                                                                                Mentioned again much later (355-9) but at
                                                                                location further north. Could they have
                                                                                produced the Golasecca culture (388-21)?

355   9  -100 1     N Lepontii        U Lepontine Alps, I & CH              L
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe. Earlier found
                                                                                farther S (26-7). No mention of movement.
                                                                                Could they have produced the Golasecca
                                                                                culture (389-5)?

169   3   400 500   A Lettigallians   B N Latvia                            M
                                                                                ? from where.

364   3   400 1000  A Lettigallians   B Area S of Gauja R, incl Latgale     L
                                        region, C & W Latvia.

 38  18   550 650   A Lettigallians   B N Latvia                            E
                                                                                From the area S of Gauja R, incl. Latgale
                                                                                region, C & W Latvia. *{364-3}*

900 112   550 1000  A Lettigallians   B {N Latvia} - {Area S of Gauja R,    L
                                        incl Latgale region, C & W
                                        Latvia.} *{38-18} - {364-3}*
                                                                                Acc/to (38-18).

900 111  1000 1200  A Lettigallians   B W Dvina R                           L
                                                                                *(Place description can be attributed to *
                                                                                *(234-102).)*

 38  29  1200 1960  N Lettigallians   B Latvia                              L

346  11  1918 1921  A Lettigallians   B E from Riga to area S of Pskov, N   A
                                        SU.
                                                                                From Latvia. Attacked western boundary of
                                                                                area controlled by Bolsheviks.

347   4  1919 1924  A Lettigallians   B Latvia                              R
                                                                                Total of 200,000 Lettigallians, Estonians,
                                                                                & Lithuanians resettled after leaving area
                                                                                around Moscow.

348  28  1945 1950  N Lettigallians   B WC SU, S of Pskov & SE S            S
                                                                                From Latvia, SU. *{348-27}* 100K to C SU,
                                                                                & 90K to SE S.

353  18     1 100   N Leuci           U Area SE of Tullum (mod. Toul), F    L
                                                                                Date are conservative guesses around 83 AD
                                                                                when provinces of Germania were added to
                                                                                Roman empire.

900 300 -1500 -1200 A Liburni         Y Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R       L
                                                                                Acc/to (123-13) and (158-6). Rasa R
                                                                                boundary implied by (165-49).

900 301 -1200 #     A Liburni         Y YU coast from Opatija to mouth of   E
                                        Krka R (nr. Sibenik).
                                                                                Implied by (158-6). From Istria.

900 302 -1200 -1    A Liburni         Y {Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R} +   L
                                        {YU coast from Opatija to mouth of
                                        Krka R (nr. Sibenik).} *{900-300}
                                        + {900-301}*
                                                                                Acc/to (158-6), (51-7). End date acc/to
                                                                                (165-49).

 47  41  -900 -850  A Liburni         Y Epidamnos & Mati RV (both in N      S
                                        Albania.) (See p.67 of Atlas of
                                        Greek World.)
                                                                                From Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R + YU
                                                                                coast from Opatija to mouth of Krka R (nr.
                                                                                Sibenik). *{900-302}* Displaced the
                                                                                Taulantii.

900 303  -900 -626  A Liburni         Y {Epidamnos & Mati RV (both in N     L
                                        Albania.) (See p.67 of Atlas of
                                        Greek World.)} *{47-41}*
                                                                                Acc/to (47-41) and (47-70). Expelled by
                                                                                settlers from Corcyra (Corfu) led by a
                                                                                Corinthian and assisted by the Taulantii.

900 304  -850 #     A Liburni         Y {Corcyra (Corfu)} *{47-42}*         S
                                                                                From Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R + YU
                                                                                coast from Opatija to mouth of Krka R (nr.
                                                                                Sibenik). *{900-302}*

 47  42  -850 -733  A Liburni         Y Corcyra (Corfu)                     L
                                                                                Expelled by Corinthians.

165  85  -300 #     A Liburni         U Picenum & Apulia, I (Regions shown  S
                                        in Putzger Atlas p.23-26.)
                                                                                From Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R + YU
                                                                                coast from Opatija to mouth of Krka R (nr.
                                                                                Sibenik). *{900-302}*; "penetrated" these
                                                                                regions.

164   1 -1000 -900  A Ligurians       L Piemonte, Aosta, Liguria Lombardia  L
                                        ending at the Ticino R, in S up to
                                        Magra R entering the Tyrrhenian
                                        Sea. See map 1.

164   9  -900 -500  A Ligurians       L {Piemonte, Aosta, Liguria           T
                                        Lombardia ending at the Ticino R,
                                        in S up to Magra R entering the
                                        Tyrrhenian Sea. See map 1.} -
                                        {Coast of Ligurian Gulf See map
                                        2.} *{164-1} - {900-355}*
                                                                                To Coast of Ligurian Gulf, see map 2.
                                                                                *{900-355}*

900 355  -900 100   A Ligurians       L Coast of Ligurian Gulf See map 2.   L
                                                                                Acc/to (17-3).

166   4  -700 -600  A Ligurians       L F                                   L

166   5  -600 -500  A Ligurians       L {F} - {Mediterr. coast F} *{166-    T
                                        4} - {900-356}*
                                                                                To Mediterr. coast F. *{900-356}*

900 356  -600 -400  A Ligurians       L Mediterr. coast F                   L
                                                                                For consistency with (166-5).

349   8  -100 1     N Likatici        K Area nr Kaufbeuren, Bavaria, D      L

900 204   300 568   N Limig-Antes     S Middle Danube R                     L
                                                                                Acc/to (32-13). Subjected to Acarag-Antes,
                                                                                later to Lombards.

387  36  -800 -600  N Line Ceramic    U E Lithuania & Latvia, &             L
                                        Belorussia, see map 17a (34);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. ("Strichovana Keramic" in Czech.)
                                                                                End date acc/to (388-39).

143   9  -800 -50   A Lingoni         K Langres region, F                   L

 27  55  -700 -650  A Lingoni         K Galicia (Spain)                     Q
                                                                                From Langres region, F *{143-9}*

143  32  -700 -650  A Lingoni         K Garonne R                           Q
                                                                                From Langres region, F *{143-9}*

140   3  -400 -375  A Lingoni         K Emilia, I                           S
                                                                                Presumably from Langres region, F *{143-9}*

 17  16  -400 -190  A Lingoni         K Emilia, I                           L
                                                                                End date: Defeat of Celts by Romans. Many
                                                                                must have stayed and become assimilated.

364   8   400 1000  A Lithuanians     B Area betw Nemunas R, Vilnius, & S   L
                                        to around Lida, S Lithuania & N
                                        Belorussia.

901 214  1000 1200  A Lithuanians     B Lithuania - {Area betw Nemunas R,   E
                                        Vilnius, & S to around Lida, S
                                        Lithuania & N Belorussia.}
                                        *(Lithuania) - {364-8}*
                                                                                From area betw Nemunas R, Vilnius, & S to
                                                                                around Lida, S Lithuania & N Belorussia.
                                                                                *{364-8}*

900 116  1000 1200  A Lithuanians     B Lithuania                           L
                                                                                (Connecting (364-8) with (38-26).)

 38  26  1200 1960  A Lithuanians     B Lithuania                           L

211  32  1340 1377  N Lithuanians     B Kiev, Volhynia, Chernigov,          C
                                        Novgorod-Seversk, Pereiaslav.
                                                                                From Lithuania.

 38  27  1362 #     N Lithuanians     B Dnepr & Dnestr R basins             C
                                                                                From Lithuania.

900 134  1362 1569  N Lithuanians     B {Dnepr & Dnestr R basins} *{38-27}* L
                                                                                Acc/to (38-27). Occupied but did not
                                                                                settle area. Ceded it to Poland in 1569.

 38  28  1425 #     A Lithuanians     B Donets & Oka R basins               C
                                                                                From Lithuania.

900 135  1425 1569  A Lithuanians     B {Donets & Oka R basins} *{38-28}*   L
                                                                                Acc/to (38-28). Occupied but did not
                                                                                settle area. Ceded it to Poland in 1569.

347   6  1919 1924  A Lithuanians     B Lithuania                           R
                                                                                Total of 200,000 Lettigallians, Estonians,
                                                                                & Lithuanians resettled after leaving area
                                                                                around Moscow.

348  30  1945 1950  N Lithuanians     B WC SU & W D                         R
                                                                                From Lithuania, SU. *{348-29}* 80K to C SU
                                                                                & 50K to N PL.

213  10  1960 1970  N Lithuanians     B Lithuania                           L
                                                                                2665K people. The population figures from
                                                                                this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than ref 212) have been updated
                                                                                from 1970 census. Figures obtained from
                                                                                the Encyclopedia Brittanica.

364   2   400 1000  A Livonians       F W Latvia, betw Gauja R & Gulf of    L
                                        Riga.

900 129  1000 1970  A Livonians       F Latvian SSR: Rayon Ventspils        L
                                                                                Acc/to (169-1). 'Earlier' were located to
                                                                                both sides of Daugava R. See (364-2).

384  30 -1650 -1475 N Log Hut         U Area betw Ural & Dnepr RR incl      L
                                        Crimea, S SU, see map 14a (22);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date interpolated with (385-20).
                                                                                Synonymous with "Srubova" culture.

385  20 -1475 -1100 N Log Hut         U {Area betw Ural & Dnepr RR incl     L
                                        Crimea, S SU} + area along Black
                                        Sea coast W of Dnepr R. (See maps
                                        14a (22), 15a (16); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska.")
                                        *{384-30} + area along Black Sea*
                                        *coast W of Dnepr R *
                                                                                Start date interpolated between (384-30)
                                                                                and this record. End date acc/to (386-34).
                                                                                Syn. "Srubova" culture.

  9  23  -200 -100  A Lombards        G Schonen (southernmost peninsula of  L
                                        Sweden, E of Malmoe).
                                                                                Called Vinnili at that time.

  9  24  -100 #     A Lombards        G Coast of Jutland (ref (5-14) says   M
                                        N coast).
                                                                                From Schonen (southernmost peninsula of
                                                                                Sweden, E of Malmoe). Called Vinnili at
                                                                                that time.

900 515  -100 -50   A Lombards        G {Coast of Jutland (ref (5-14) says  L
                                        N coast).} *{9-24}*
                                                                                For consistency with (9-24) and (182-5).

182   5   -50 #     A Lombards        G Lower Elbe R (both banks acc/to     M
                                        (198-1)).
                                                                                From Coast of Jutland (ref (5-14) says N
                                                                                coast). *{900-515}*

185   1   -50 375   A Lombards        G Both sides lower Elbe R On left bk  L
                                        incl Lueneburger Heide, area betw
                                        Luhe & Ilmenau (Bardengau, incl
                                        mod locality Bardowick).
                                                                                Start date to conform to (182-5). End date
                                                                                acc/to (185-4).

185   2   167 #     N Lombards        G Upper Pannonia RP                   A
                                                                                From both sides lower Elbe R. On left bk
                                                                                incl Lueneburger Heide, area betw Luhe &
                                                                                Ilmenau (Bardengau, incl mod locality
                                                                                Bardowick). *{185-1}* 6K people.

900 516   375 487   N Lombards        G E & SE D, Bohemia (see Abb 184 in   W
                                        ref 198).
                                                                                From both sides lower Elbe R. On left bk
                                                                                incl Lueneburger Heide, area betw Luhe &
                                                                                Ilmenau (Bardengau, incl mod locality
                                                                                Bardowick). *{185-1}* Acc/to (198-3). To
                                                                                (7-12).

  7  12   487 508   N Lombards        G Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube R,  L
                                        between Vienna Woods and Enns R.
                                                                                End date to conform to (133-33). Acc/to (9-
                                                                                25), relatively small tribe constantly
                                                                                trying to augment their numbers through
                                                                                the addition of slaves.

133  33   508 #     N Lombards        G L A (E Weinviertel) & S Morava &    E
                                        both sides of March R up to Danube
                                        R.
                                                                                From Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube R,
                                                                                between Vienna Woods and Enns R. *{7-12}*
                                                                                Displaced the Heruli.

900 517   508 526   N Lombards        G {Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube    L
                                        R, between Vienna Woods and Enns
                                        R.} + {L A (E Weinviertel) & S
                                        Morava & both sides of March R up
                                        to Danube R.} *{7-12} + {133-33}*
                                                                                For consistency with (133-33) & (5-15).

  5  15   526 #     N Lombards        G Pannonia S & W of Danube R within   M
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria. (See
                                        map in ref 124, following p.31.)
                                                                                From Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube R,
                                                                                between Vienna Woods and Enns R. + L A (E
                                                                                Weinviertel) & S Morava & both sides of
                                                                                March R up to Danube R. *{900-517}*

900 518   526 546   N Lombards        G {Pannonia S & W of Danube R within  L
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria. (See
                                        map in ref 124, following p.31.)}
                                        *{5-15}*
                                                                                For consistency with (133-38).

 40 118   540 545   N Lombards        G Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   R
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, Fig 22.
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria. (See map in ref
                                                                                124, following p.31.) *{900-518}* Smaller
                                                                                part of population only. This is the only
                                                                                reference to this event.

133  38   546 #     N Lombards        G S parts of RPP Pannonia I &         E
                                        Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia II RP
                                        (exc. Sirmium) (see map ref 124,
                                        following p. 31)
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria. (See map in ref
                                                                                124, following p.31.) *{900-518}*

900 519   546 568   N Lombards        G {Pannonia S & W of Danube R within  L
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria.} + {S
                                        parts of RPP Pannonia I & Pannonia
                                        Valeria, Pannonia II RP (exc.
                                        Sirmium)} (see map ref
                                        124,following p. 31) *{5-15} +
                                        {133-38}*
                                                                                For consistency with (133-18) and (10-5).

  5  16   565 #     N Lombards        G Sirmium                             A
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria. + S parts of RPP
                                                                                Pannonia I & Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia II
                                                                                RP (exc. Sirmium) (see map ref 124,
                                                                                following p. 31). *{900-519}*

 10   5   568 #     N Lombards        G N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)   Q
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria + S parts of RPP
                                                                                Pannonia I & Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia II
                                                                                RP (exc. Sirmium) (see map ref 124,
                                                                                following p. 31). *{900-519}* Accompanied
                                                                                by Pannonians, Noricans, Suebi,
                                                                                Gepidae, Thuringians, Sarmatians, &
                                                                                Saxons. They moved along the highway
                                                                                Laibach-Haidenschaft-Goerz (Ljubljana-
                                                                                Aidovscina?-Gorizia) through the
                                                                                Birnbaumerwald (woods) & toward the Isonzo
                                                                                R valley & Cividale. Majority of Lombards
                                                                                left
                                                                                Pannonia.

 18   6   568 800   A Lombards        G {Pannonia S & W of Danube R within  I
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria.} + {S
                                        parts of RPP Pannonia I & Pannonia
                                        Valeria, Pannonia II RP (exc.
                                        Sirmium)} *{900-519}* (see map ref
                                        124,following p. 31)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (10-5). Part of
                                                                                tribe that remained; assimilated with Avar
                                                                                mixture.

900 520   568 800   A Lombards        G {N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)  L
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)} *{10-
                                        5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (10-5) & (9-26).

358   7   570 580   A Lombards        G Spoleto & Benevento, C & S I        C
                                                                                From Pavia (confirmed in ref 198 & Ploetz
                                                                                p. 356, whose dates we use).

900 521   580 800   A Lombards        G {Spoleto & Benevento, C & S I}      L
                                        *{358-7}*
                                                                                Based on evidence of their presence there
                                                                                in Ploetz, pp. 357-358. Start date acc/to
                                                                                (358-7). End date to parallel (900-520).

325  20   751 #     N Lombards        G NE & C I betw Ravenna Verona &      C
                                        Rome.
                                                                                From N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia) and
                                                                                the Venetian plain, occupying Milan with
                                                                                capital at Pavia) *{10-5}* Area called
                                                                                'Exarchate of Ravenna'.

  9  26   800 900   A Lombards        G {N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)  I
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)} *{10-
                                        5}*
                                                                                With the native Romanic population.

900 522   800 900   A Lombards        G {Spoleto & Benevento, C & S I}      I
                                        *{358-7}*
                                                                                By Romanic pop. To parallel (9-26).

 53  83  1072 1109  N Lombards        G Sahagun Zone: Logrono, Santo        R
                                        Domingo de la Calzada, Najera,
                                        Burgos, Castrojeriz, Carrion de
                                        los Condes, Leon, Astorga,
                                        Ponferrada, Lugo, Puerto Marin &
                                        Santiago de Compostela.
                                                                                From Lombardy, I. Not many. Resettled by
                                                                                King Alfonso VI. Perhaps by now they are
                                                                                Italian speakers.

192   7   100 400   N Luboszyce       U Middle Oder R area (see (391-14)    L
                                        for map)
                                                                                (syn Lebus-Lausitzer-Gruppe). Close
                                                                                cultural relations with Przeworsk Culture.

900 771   500 600   A Lucane          S Around Zatec, CS                    M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location
                                                                                information acc/to (302-47).*

900 772   500 900   A Lucane          S {Around Zatec, CS} *{900-771}*      L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-771). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

900 999  -600 -550  A Lucani          I Lucania region, S I (see map 3,     L
                                        ref 164) less [ {Paestum
                                        (Posidonia) & Pissunte (mod.
                                        Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                        Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                        Strongoli in Calabria)} ] *
                                        Lucania region - {901-1} * * -
                                        {901-3} *
                                                                                Dates to conform to information in Bosi:
                                                                                Die Staedte der Griechen. (See ref (901-
                                                                                1).)

901   1  -550 #     A Lucani          I Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte      C
                                        (mod. Policastro), S I
                                                                                From Lucania region, S I (see map 3, ref
                                                                                164) less [{Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte
                                                                                (mod. Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                                                                Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                                                                Strongoli in Calabria)}] *{900-999}* Date
                                                                                from Bosi: Die Staedte der Griechen
                                                                                and to conform to (901-2).

901   2  -550 -390  A Lucani          I Lucania region, S I (see map 3,     L
                                        ref 164) less [ {Paestum
                                        (Posidonia) & Pissunte (mod.
                                        Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                        Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                        Strongoli in Calabria)} ] +
                                        {Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte
                                        (mod. Policastro),
                                        S I} *{900-999} + {901-1}*              Dates to conform to (901-1) and (901-3).

901   3  -390 #     A Lucani          I Lao (Laus, nr Scalea in Lucania)&   C
                                        Petelia (mod. Strongoli in
                                        Calabria)
                                                                                Date firm for Lao only (based on Bosi: Die
                                                                                Staedte der Griechen).

901   4  -390 -80   A Lucani          I Lucania region, S I (see map 3,     L
                                        ref 164) less [ {Paestum
                                        (Posidonia) & Pissunte (mod.
                                        Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                        Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                        Strongoli in Calabria)} ] +
                                        Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte
                                        (mod. Policastro),
                                        S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr Scalea in         Start date to conform to (901-3). End date
                                        Lucania) & Petelia (mod. Strongoli      mentioned in Atlas of Roman World, p. 62.
                                        in Calabria)} (Note: this =
                                        Lucania only) *{901-2} + {901-3}*

 13  47   700 900   A Luka-Rajko      S Right bank of Dnepr R               L
                                                                                Full name Luka-Rajkoveckaja culture;
                                                                                developed from Korcak culture.

126   1  -300 -1    N Lusitani        U P betw Douro & Tejo RR & somewhat   L
                                        south of Tejo R
                                                                                Possibly Iberians.

232  11  -150 -139  N Lusitani        U C Spain, Andalusia                  A
                                                                                From P betw Douro & Tejo RR & somewhat
                                                                                south of Tejo R. *{126-1}*

900 675   650 #     A Lusizi          S {Niederlausitz (DDR; Westermann's   M
                                        Atlas p.6-8).} *{148-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to (148-5), (148-6), (148-7) & (148-
                                                                                8). From Oder R area (see Abb 3 in ref
                                                                                148).

148   6   650 1200  A Lusizi          S Niederlausitz (DDR; Westermann's    L
                                        Atlas p.6-8).
                                                                                Start date inferred from 6th C mentioned
                                                                                on p.10 and 750 AD implied by Abb 3. Part
                                                                                of Greater Moravian Empire acc/to (14-27).
                                                                                End date based on ref 148-Abb 3 called
                                                                                Sorbs, speaking Sorbic. They are
                                                                                frequently called Sorbs. This area
                                                                                is only one where they have retained their
                                                                                Sorabic language. These now speak the Low
                                                                                Sorbian dialect & some possibly the E
                                                                                Sorbian dialect. Sorbian dialects or
                                                                                languages split probably as early as 13th
                                                                                C. Other areas called Sorbic by
                                                                                1200 AD ((900-677), (900-676)) became
                                                                                Germanized at times to be determined.

216  20 -2300 #     A Luvians         A Balikesir Plain, AM, See map 1 SW   M
                                        AM, Konya Plain, Cilicia,
                                        Eskisehir-Ankara area.
                                                                                From the Balkans.

900 208 -2300 -1940 A Luvians         A {Balikesir Plain, AM, See map 1 SW  L
                                        AM, Konya Plain, Cilicia,
                                        Eskisehir-Ankara area.} *{216-20}*
                                                                                Acc/to (216-20).

218   3 -1940 #     A Luvians         A AM (that part called Cappadocia in  E
                                        Hellenistic times).
                                                                                At least the ruling classes from Balikesir
                                                                                Plain, AM, (See map 1.), SW AM, Konya
                                                                                Plain, Cilicia, Eskisehir-Ankara area.
                                                                                *{900-208}* They could also be Hittites.

900 209 -1940 -1600 A Luvians         A {Balikesir Plain, AM, See map 1 SW  L
                                        AM, Konya Plain, Cilicia,
                                        Eskisehir-Ankara area.} +{AM (that
                                        part called Cappadocia in
                                        Hellenistic times).} *{900-208} +
                                        {218-3}*

123   3 -1900 #     A Luvians         A Crete (E&C)                         S
                                                                                From AM.

900 206 -1900 -1500 A Luvians         A {Crete (E&C)} *{123-3}*             L
                                                                                Acc/ to L.R. Palmer in ref 139 based on
                                                                                scant linguistic evidence, but Crossland
                                                                                thinks that Luvians did not migrate in
                                                                                large numbers.

900 207 -1600 #     A Luvians         A SW Khatti                           E
                                                                                Acc/to (139-2). From Balikesir Plain, AM,
                                                                                (See map 1.), SW AM, Konya Plain, Cilicia,
                                                                                Eskisehir-Ankara area. + AM (that part
                                                                                called Cappadocia in Hellenistic times).
                                                                                *{900-209}*

900 229 -1600 -1300 A Luvians         A {Balikesir Plain, AM, See map 1 SW  L
                                        AM, Konya Plain, Cilicia,
                                        Eskisehir-Ankara area. + AM (that
                                        part called Cappadocia in
                                        Hellenistic times).} + {SW
                                        Khatti.} *{900-209} + {900-207}*

221  14 -2000 -300  N Lycians         A Lycia: Xanthus, Pinara, Myra,       L
                                        Phellus & Antiphellus. + SW AM
                                        betw Caria & Pamphylia & extending
                                        to ridge of Taurus Mts.
                                                                                Origin unknown. Possibly were part of
                                                                                Luvians who came via Balkans. Start time
                                                                                chosen conservatively for Late Bronze.
                                                                                *(Location modified to include area
                                                                                described by * *(224-37).) *

221  13 -1200 -700  A Lydians         A W slopes along Maeander R (AM)      L
                                                                                Language may be related to Hurrian (Indo-
                                                                                Iranian) or to Palaic (Indo-Europeans).
                                                                                Later references call it Anatolian and we
                                                                                have coded it thus. No reference to
                                                                                origins of these people.

224  23  -700 -547  N Lydians         A W AM at Sardis nr Izmir             L
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. (Conquered by Persians,
                                                                                Cyrus the Great, in -547.)

224  26  -651 -619  A Lydians         A Miletus, Priene (Aegean AM)         A
                                                                                From W AM at Sardis nr Izmir. *{224-23}*
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. Date is reign of King
                                                                                Ardys.

224  27  -619 -560  N Lydians         A Clazomenae, Smyrna (Aegean AM)      A
                                                                                From W AM at Sardis nr Izmir. *{224-23}*
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. Date is reign of King
                                                                                Alyattes.

 22  32  -550 #     A Lydians         A Aegaean cities in Asia Minor        C
                                        except Milet.
                                                                                From Lydia.

224  29  -547 #     N Lydians         A Boegazkoey                          A
                                                                                From W AM at Sardis nr Izmir. *{224-23}*
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. Attacked in war with
                                                                                Persians (Cyrus the Great).

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