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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

143   7  -750 -50   A Haedui          K NW Burgundy, F                      L
                                                                                Ref mentions only Burgundy but (356-8) and
                                                                                map in ref 27 both imply NW Burgundy.

 27  69  -400 #     A Haedui          K N I                                 Q
                                                                                From NW Burgundy, F *{143-7}*

900 989  -700 -150  A Hallstatt Mound K CH                                  L
                                                                                Based on (388-11) which is more inclusive,
                                                                                but we have specific records for the other
                                                                                areas mentioned in that ref. Although no
                                                                                linguist or ethnic affiliation is stated
                                                                                in (388-11), we have assigned this record
                                                                                to K in parallel with our
                                                                                other Hallstatt records. Start date acc/to
                                                                                (388-11). End date to conform to (27-154).

388   3  -700 -600  N Harpsted-Nienbu U N NL & N D, see map 18a (3);        L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Harpstedt-Nienburg
                                                                                Culture Region."

900 547   150 248   A Hasdingi        G {S PL S Posen, Congress PL,         L
                                        Galicia, and the largest part of
                                        Silesia.} - {Silesia (largest
                                        part; see {6-3}).} *{6-3} - {900-
                                        546}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-545) and (11-
                                                                                87). Branch of Vandals, called Hasdingi
                                                                                after this date.

 11  86   171 #     N Hasdingi        G Dacia RP (map 28, Putzger)          A
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}*

110  48   212 #     N Hasdingi        G Dacia RP (map 28 in Putzger)        A
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}*

 40  90   248 249   N Hasdingi        G Moesia RP                           A
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}*

 11  87   248 270   N Hasdingi        G Pannonian plain                     M
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}* End
                                                                                date acc/to (110-53). (H. Schreiber, Die
                                                                                Vandalen, has them stay in Rumania, area
                                                                                of the Costobocci, before
                                                                                Pannonia.)

900 548   248 400   A Hasdingi        G {Pannonian plain} *{11-87}*         L
                                                                                For consistency with (11-87) & (11-90).

 11  90   400 409   N Hasdingi        G Continental E                       M
                                                                                From Pannonian plain. *{900-548}* via
                                                                                Noricum (6-7), via Gaul (2-7). End date
                                                                                acc/to (6-9). Hasdingian Vandals suffered
                                                                                heavy losses. Will be called Vandals again
                                                                                hereafter. Total arrivals of all Germanic
                                                                                & Alan tribes hardly 100K (acc/to
                                                                                ref (53-35).

383  13 -1800 -1700 N Hatvan          U S CS & N H, see map 13a (11);       L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Including Tokod group.

388   5  -700 -600  N Hausurnen       U Elbe R nr Magdeburg, D, see map     L
                                        18a (5); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. "Chysovitych Uren" in Czech.

 17  18  -350 -200  A Helvetii        K Franconia                           L
                                                                                End date to permit movement to Rhine-
                                                                                Neckar area (see (27-155) & (900-957)).

900 957  -200 #     N Helvetii        K {Betw Rhine & Neckar RR} *{27-155}* M
                                                                                For consistency with (17-18) and (27-155).
                                                                                This migration is not documented.

 27 155  -200 -150  A Helvetii        K Betw Rhine & Neckar RR              L

 27 154  -150 #     A Helvetii        K Switzerland                         M
                                                                                From between Rhine & Neckar RR*{27-155}*
                                                                                Pushed out of their destroyed areas by
                                                                                Germanic tribes.

361  16  -150 50    A Helvetii        K CH, betw L Neuchatel & Luzern       L
                                                                                Map also shows Romance-German Linguistic
                                                                                Boundary from Middle Ages-1200.

178   7   -58 #     N Helvetii        K Gaul (see map ref 356)              A
                                                                                From CH. 368 K emigrants; 110 K returned
                                                                                after being beaten by Cesar.

 27  20  -750 #     A Helvii          K Rhone R                             M
                                                                                Possibly Celticized Aboriginal population.
                                                                                Possibly from Neckar RV in N Baden & in
                                                                                Rhein-Hessen (Rhine-Hesse) *{27-27}*
                                                                                Koberstadt Culture.

132  10  -100 50    A Hercuniatae     K Transdanubia: between Sio R &       L
                                        Mecsek Mts, H
                                                                                End date conservative; same as applied to
                                                                                other tribes from map in ref 132. Not
                                                                                certain whether they were Celts. Ref 165
                                                                                (KELTOI catalogue) lists them as Pannonian
                                                                                (Celtic?) but ref 132 as K.

 12 124  -100 400   A Hermunduri      G Thuringia Oldest seats of these     L
                                        people are found between the
                                        Thuringian Forest, the Ore Mts,
                                        the Harz, & the Black Elster R.
                                        Area of settlement proper lay N of
                                        line from Eisenach to Dresden.
                                                                                The former Suebi. End date acc/to (195-3).

 19  13   -25 25    A Hermunduri      G N Bohemia                           L
                                                                                Approximate dates.

351   1    -3 260   N Hermunduri      G Main R area N of Gunzenhausen & NW  L
                                        of Regensberg and E of Walduern,
                                        Jagsthausen, Mainhardt, &
                                        Murrhardt, D.
                                                                                S branch of tribe. Origin in dispute.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (186-2). See also Abb 4,
                                                                                p.48 in ref 183.

 12  23   100 250   A Heruli          G S: Smaland, Halland, Blekinge       L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (205-3). Ref (205-3)
                                                                                says driven out by Danes but no date
                                                                                given. Split into two groups as they left
                                                                                S. We call these W. Heruli & E. Heruli.
 
197   8   700 1000  A Hessians        G Hesse                               L
                                                                                Supposedly derived from Chatti. (Last
                                                                                mentioned around 300 AD.) Upper date quite
                                                                                arbitrary. These give rise to modern
                                                                                inhabitants of Hesse.

385  44 -1400 -1250 N Hilversum       U N B, S NL, see map 15a (39);        L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

139   5 -2300 -1900 A Hittites        A C Anatolia                          M
                                                                                Few in number at first. Probably from the
                                                                                Balkans, but there is an alternative
                                                                                hypothesis that has them coming from NE
                                                                                via Caucasus (Mellaart in ref 139; also
                                                                                ref 311.)

901 104 -2300 -1900 A Hittites        A C Anatolia                          L
                                                                                For consistency with (139-5).

900 212 -1900 #     A Hittites        A {C Anatolia} - {Halys R area,       T
                                        around Ankara, TR} *{901-104} -
                                        {311-23}*
                                                                                To Halys R area, around Ankara, TR *{311-
                                                                                23}* Necessary to adjust location to
                                                                                conform with with (311-23).

311  23 -1900 -1700 A Hittites        A Halys R area, around Ankara, TR     L

900 213 -1700 #     A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR}   E
                                        + Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). *{311-23} +
                                        (139-1)*
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR.
                                                                                *{311-23}* Necessary to adjust to (139-1).

900 214 -1700 -1650 A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E).} *{900-213}*
                                                                                Acc/ to (139-1).

311  24 -1650 #     A Hittites        A Syria, N of Aleppo & W of           E
                                        Euphrates R.
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                *{900-214}*

900 215 -1650 -1470 A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E).} + {Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.}
                                        *{900-214} + {311-24}*

311  25 -1595 #     A Hittites        A Babylon                             A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                *{900-214}*

224   5 -1470 #     A Hittites        A Aleppo                              C
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                *{900-214}*

900 216 -1470 -1405 A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.} +
                                        {Aleppo} *{900-215} + {224-5}*
                                                                                Lose Syria to Mitanni in -1405.

900 217 -1405 #     A Hittites        A {Aleppo} + {Syria, N of Aleppo & W  T
                                        of Euphrates R} *{224-5} + {311-
                                        24}*
                                                                                To Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [Aleppo + Syria, N of Aleppo
                                                                                & W of Euphrates R.] *{900-218}* Rest
                                                                                conquered by Mitanni.

900 218 -1405 -1370 N Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                        Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                        Aleppo
                                        & W of Euphrates R. ]} *{900-
                                        216} - * *[{224-5} + {311-24}]*

900 219 -1400 #     A Hittites        A {Cyprus} *{222-6}*                  C
                                                                                Acc/ to (222-6). From the Halys R area,
                                                                                around Ankara, TR + Khattusha in Khatti,
                                                                                AM (approx. from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) &
                                                                                the plain of Konya in W to mts in Malatya
                                                                                region in E). + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of
                                                                                Euphrates R. + Aleppo - [Aleppo
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.].
                                                                                *{900-218}*

222   6 -1400 -1200 A Hittites        A Cyprus                              L
                                                                                Souzerainty (suzerainty?) only.

224   8 -1370 #     N Hittites        A Damascus                            A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.]. *{900-218}*

217   2 -1370 #     A Hittites        A Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level   C
                                        of modern Birecik and
                                        Mediterranean Sea.
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.]. *{900-218}*
                                                                                Came through E Anatolia not through Syria.
                                                                                (Postgate: First Empires).

900 220 -1370 -1330 N Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                        Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                        Aleppo
                                        & W of Euphrates R. ] } + {Mitanni
                                        betw Euphrates R at level of
                                        modern Birecik and Mediterranean
                                        Sea.} *{900-217} + {217-2}*

217   5 -1330 #     A Hittites        A SW AM (ancient Arzawa)              C
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.] + Mitanni betw
                                                                                Euphrates R at level of modern Birecik and
                                                                                Mediterranean Sea. *{900-220}*

900 230 -1330 -1200 A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                        Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                        Aleppo
                                        & W of Euphrates R. ] + Mitanni         Conquered by Thracians from Thrace.
                                        betw Euphrates R at level of
                                        modern Birecik and Mediterranean
                                        Sea.} + {SW AM (ancient Arzawa)}
                                        *{900-220} + {217-5}*

224  11 -1300 #     A Hittites        A Damascus                            A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. ] + Mitanni
                                                                                betw Euphrates R at level of modern
                                                                                Birecik and Mediterranean Sea. + SW AM
                                                                                (ancient Arzawa). *{900-230}*

217   6 -1260 #     A Hittites        A Cyprus                              A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. ] + Mitanni
                                                                                betw Euphrates R at level of modern
                                                                                Birecik and Mediterranean Sea. + SW AM
                                                                                (ancient Arzawa). *{900-230}*
                                                                                Reestablished military domination.

224  14 -1200 -700  A Hittites        A SE AM                               L
                                                                                States of Carchemish, Malatya, Tabal, &
                                                                                Que. (See map on pg. 820 of ref 224.)

900 745   500 600   A Holasizi        S Around and W of Ostrava, along      M
                                        Odra R, (N Moravia, CS).
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-39).*

900 746   500 900   A Holasizi        S {Around and W of Ostrava, along     L
                                        Odra R, (N Moravia, CS).} *{900-
                                        745}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-745). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire. Probably syn.
                                                                                with Golensici.

388  10  -700 -600  N Horakov         U Danube & Morava R V, see map 18a    L
                                        (10); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 48  23 -1300 -1200 A Horizon V       U Oltenia & Banat, Mid & W Muntenia   L
                                        & SW Transilvania
                                                                                Culture.

384  14 -1650 -1550 N Hungarian-Slova U Middle Danube and Vah RR, H & CS,   L
                                        see map 14a (12a); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Hungarian-Slovakian Culture,
                                                                                incl. Hurbanovo Type. "Height of Central
                                                                                European Bronze Age."

900 797   896 1970  N Hungarians      C {Carpathian basin incl. modern H    L
                                        up to its border with A, N into
                                        Slovakia, E to Transylvania & S
                                        somewhat beyond Drave R. (cf
                                        detailed map in ref. use colors
                                        coded 1 & 3)} *{36-1}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (36-1). End date:
                                                                                still there. The Magyars gave rise to the
                                                                                modern Hungarians who assimilated various
                                                                                ethnic groups in Pannonia and the other
                                                                                areas settled.

149  30  1091 1102  N Hungarians      C Croatia and coasts of Dalmatia,     C
                                        Istria, Bosnia, Duklja, Zahumlje.
                                                                                From Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to
                                                                                its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to
                                                                                Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R.
                                                                                (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded
                                                                                1&3). *{900-797}*

900 798  1091 1918  N Hungarians      C {Croatia and coasts of Dalmatia,    L
                                        Istria, Bosnia, Duklja, Zahumlje.}
                                        *{149-30}*
                                                                                Hungarian suzerainty over Croatia. Start
                                                                                date to conform to (149-30). End date:
                                                                                independence of Croatia.

149  49  1358 #     N Hungarians      C Cities of coastal Dalmatia: Split,  C
                                        Trogir, Sibenik, Nin, Brac. (YU)
                                                                                Conquered from Venetians. From Carpathian
                                                                                basin incl. modern H up to its border with
                                                                                A, N into Slovakia, E to Transylvania & S
                                                                                somewhat beyond Drave R. (cf detailed map
                                                                                in ref. use colors coded 1&3) + Croatia
                                                                                and coasts of Dalmatia,
                                                                                Istria, Bosnia, Duklja, Zahumlje. *{900-
                                                                                797} + {900-798}*

347  34  1919 1924  N Hungarians      C H                                   Q
                                                                                200,000 Hungarians left from R.

347  40  1919 1924  A Hungarians      C H                                   Q
                                                                                120K left from Slovakia.

347  42  1919 1924  N Hungarians      C H                                   Q
                                                                                80K left from Croatia.

169  46   200 300   A Huns            M S Russian steppes                   W
                                                                                From Central Asia.

  8   1   300 370   A Huns            M Lower Don R                         C
                                                                                From S Russian steppes. *{169-46}*
                                                                                Defeated the Alans.

900 359   300 370   A Huns            M {S Russian steppes} + {Lower Don    L
                                        R} *{169-46} + {8-1}*
                                                                                For consistency with (8-1).

  8   2   370 376   N Huns            M S Russia up to lower Danube         Q
                                                                                From Lower Don R. *{8-1}*

900 360   370 433   N Huns            M {S Russian steppes + Lower Don R}   L
                                        + {S Russia up to lower Danube}
                                        *{900-359} + {8-2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (8-2).

129  26   374 #     N Huns            M Kuban & Terek RR area (N of         C
                                        Caucasus).
                                                                                Probably from Lower Don area. West Huns,
                                                                                descendants of Hsiung-nu.

110  68   376 379   A Huns            M Betw Danube & Tisza RR              Q
                                                                                Some of this people only. This is the
                                                                                first Hunnic wave into H, followed by the
                                                                                'great' wave in 433. From S Russian
                                                                                steppes + Lower Don R + S Russia up to
                                                                                lower Danube. *{900-360}*

234  55   377 #     N Huns            M Crimea (crossing frozen Straits of  A
                                        Kerch from Caucasian to Crimean
                                        side of Sea of Azov).
                                                                                From Bessarabia via Lower Dnepr region.

  8   7   384 #     N Huns            M RPP Noricum & Raetia                A
                                                                                From S Russian steppes + Lower Don R + S
                                                                                Russia up to lower Danube. *{900-360}*

  8   8   395 #     N Huns            M Asia crossed Don R at mouth,        A
                                        turned SE, broke through Caucasus
                                        into Persia & RPP S & SW of
                                        Armenia. Attacked Mesopotamia,
                                        Asia Minor, Syria.
                                                                                From S Russian steppes + Lower Don R + S
                                                                                Russia up to lower Danube. *{900-360}*
                                                                                During Asian campaign Huns added lots of
                                                                                peoples of various ethnic backgrounds to
                                                                                their pop.

 13  23   400 #     A Huns            M Silesia nr Moravian Gate, upper     A
                                        Oder & Vistula RR.
                                                                                From S Russian steppes + Lower Don R + S
                                                                                Russia up to lower Danube. *{900-360}*

  8  10   408 #     N Huns            M Thrace and Moesia RPP               A
                                                                                Crossed Danube. From S Russian steppes +
                                                                                Lower Don R + S Russia up to lower Danube.
                                                                                *{900-360}* Ref gives locality as
                                                                                'Balkans' but ref 11 specifies Thrace and
                                                                                Moesia.

900 361   433 #     N Huns            M H and R (excluding Valachia)        M
                                                                                Acc/to ref 110, p.119, and (11-48). From S
                                                                                Russia up to lower Danube. *{8-2}* This is
                                                                                the 'great' wave.

 11  48   433 454   N Huns            M {H and R (excluding Valachia)}      L
                                        *{900-361}*
                                                                                Attila's Empire. Defeated and dispersed by
                                                                                Germanic tribes at the battle of Nedao R,
                                                                                supposedly in S. Pannonia, a tributary of
                                                                                the Save R (acc/to (8-14)).

  8  11   440 447   N Huns            M W Balkans into Illyria, took        C
                                        Margus (in Morava Valley), Naissus
                                        (Nis, YU), Singidunum, Sirmium,
                                        broke into Thrace.
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

 40 109   441 447   N Huns            M Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

  8  12   451 #     N Huns            M Gaul                                A
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

  8  13   452 #     N Huns            M I coming via modern YU, attacking   A
                                        Aquileia (Roman seaport E of
                                        Venice). Broke into Po R Valley,
                                        devastated RP Aemilia, took Milan
                                        & Pavia.
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

900 363   454 #     N Huns            M {H and R (excluding Valachia)} -    T
                                        {RP Dacia Ripensis} *{900-361} -
                                        {8-15}* *
                                                                                For consistency with (8-15). To RP Dacia
                                                                                Ripensis. *{8-15}*

900 364   454 #     N Huns            M {H and R (excluding Valachia)} -    T
                                        {Dobrogea} *{900-361} - {900-362}*
                                                                                For consistency with (8-15). To Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{900-362}*

  8  15   454 470   N Huns            M RP Dacia Ripensis                   L
                                                                                Defeated by coalition Germanic tribes led
                                                                                by the Gepids. Two pockets of Huns remain.
                                                                                Bulk of Huns destroyed by Goths. Rest
                                                                                gradually amalgamated.

900 362   454 470   N Huns            M Dobrogea                            L
                                                                                Acc/to (8-15). Defeated by coalition
                                                                                Germanic tribes led by the Gepids. Two
                                                                                pockets of Huns remain. Bulk of Huns
                                                                                destroyed by Goths. Rest gradually
                                                                                amalgamated.

 40 111   457 474   N Huns            M Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From Dobrogea.

 31   1   460 #     A Huns            M S Russian steppes                   Q
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

900 365   460 552   N Huns            M {S Russian steppes} *{31-1}*        L
                                                                                For consistency with (31-1) and (31-13).

 31  13   552 568   N Huns            M Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                Pulled along by Avars from Pontic area (N
                                                                                shore Black Sea). Mixed population
                                                                                sometimes called Huns, sometimes Bulgars.

 31  17   552 796   N Huns            M Pannonia                            I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Avars.

900 366   552 800   A Huns            M {S Russian steppes} *{31-1}*        I
                                                                                Amalgamated with surrounding Turcic tribes
                                                                                (Onoguri, Oguri, Saraguri, Sabiri) to form
                                                                                Bulgars.

388  12  -700 -600  N Hunsrueck-Eifel U Rhine & Moselle RR area, W D, L,    L
                                        see map 18a (12); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

311  20 -2500 -2300 A Hurrians        O E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran   Q
                                                                                From Armenia (but Ploetz p. 74 says from
                                                                                NW Iran). Language isolate acc/to Ruhlen,
                                                                                but remotely related to Caucasian
                                                                                (Kartvellian) languages by others.

901  87 -2500 -2300 A Hurrians        O {E TR,N Syria and possibly NW       L
                                        Iran} *{311-20}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (311-20); end
                                                                                date to conform to (311-21) and (311-22).

311  21 -2300 -2100 A Hurrians        O SC TR (Cappadocia)                  E
                                                                                From E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran.
                                                                                *{311-20}*

311  22 -2300 -1900 A Hurrians        O NW Syria                            E
                                                                                From E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran.
                                                                                *{311-20}*

218   4 -2300 -1550 A Hurrians        O {E TR,N Syria and possibly NW       L
                                        Iran} + {NW Syria}+ {AM (that part
                                        called Cappadociain Hellenistic
                                        times)} *{901-87} + {311-22} +
                                        {218-5}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (311-21); end
                                                                                date to conform to (220-2). Probably the
                                                                                lower population stratum.

220   1 -1570 #     A Hurrians        O Hittite kingdom probably nr modern  A
                                        Gueruen W of Malatya (AM).
                                                                                From E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran +
                                                                                NW Syria + AM (that part called Cappadocia
                                                                                in Hellenistic times). *{218-4}*

219   5 -1550 #     A Hurrians        O S part (Cilicia) of AM              E
                                                                                Area previously inhabited by Luvians. From
                                                                                E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran + NW
                                                                                Syria + AM (that part called Cappadocia in
                                                                                Hellenistic times). *{218-4}* 'Came from
                                                                                their kingdom beyond eastern mts.'

220   3 -1550 -1380 N Hurrians        O {E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran  L
                                        + NW Syria + AM (that part called
                                        Cappadociain Hellenistic times)} +
                                        {S part (Cilicia) of AM} *{218-4}
                                        + {219-5}*
                                                                                (Syn. Mitanni.)

220   4 -1430 #     N Hurrians        O Konya Plain (AM) (see Figure, p.    A
                                        816, ref 224)
                                                                                From E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran +
                                                                                NW Syria + AM (that part called Cappadocia
                                                                                in Hellenistic times) + S part (Cilicia)
                                                                                of AM. *{220-3}*

901  88 -1380 -1000 A Hurrians        O {E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran  I
                                        + NW Syria + AM (that part called
                                        Cappadociain Hellenistic times) +
                                        S part (Cilicia) of AM} - {N of
                                        Assyria, around Lake Van} *{220-
                                        3} - {312-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Start
                                                                                date to conform to (220-3); end date
                                                                                acc/to E.

312   6 -1380 -585  A Hurrians        O N of Assyria, around Lake Van       L
                                                                                Start date acc/to Ploetz p. 56; end date
                                                                                conquest by Medes acc/to Ploetz p. 310.
                                                                                Predominant ethnic group, states coalesced
                                                                                into Urartu Kingdom.

901  89  -585 -500  A Hurrians        O {N of Assyria, around Lake Van}     I
                                        *{312-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz p. 310. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (312-6); end date guess.

900 329 -1200 -1    A Iapodi          Y Hinterland of Liburni, (see         L
                                        foldout map in ref 46). Region
                                        bounded by Postojna (NE of
                                        Trieste) to Krk Is in the west and
                                        Lika region (Licko Polje; E of
                                        Gospic) and NW Bosnia (Una RV) in
                                        the east. N boundary: Sava RV
                                        (includes city of
                                        Siscia (modern Sisak)).                 Acc/to (158-8), (51-14), (165-43).

 26  32  -800 #     A Iapodi          Y Betw Rimini & Pesaro, map page 359. S
                                                                                From Hinterland of Liburni, (see foldout
                                                                                map in ref 46). Region bounded by Postojna
                                                                                (NE of Trieste) to Krk Is in the west and
                                                                                Lika region (Licko Polje; E of Gospic) and
                                                                                NW Bosnia (Una RV) in the east. N
                                                                                boundary: Sava RV (includes city
                                                                                of Siscia (modern Sisak)); across
                                                                                Adriatic. *{900-329}*

900 330  -800 -700  A Iapodi          Y {Betw Rimini & Pesaro, map in ref   L
                                        26, page 359.} *{26-32}*
                                                                                End date provisional. For consistency with
                                                                                (26-32).

165  43   -52 #     N Iapodi          Y Trieste                             A
                                                                                From hinterland of Liburni, (see foldout
                                                                                map in ref 46). Region bounded by Postojna
                                                                                (NE of Trieste) to Krk Is in the west and
                                                                                Lika region (Licko Polje; E of Gospic) and
                                                                                NW Bosnia (Una RV) in the east. N
                                                                                boundary: Sava RV (includes city
                                                                                of Siscia (modern Sisak)). *{900-329}*

900 314 -1200 -1100 A Iapygi          Y Albania                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-315).

900 315 -1100 -1000 A Iapygi          Y Area of Apulia, S I, marked Daunii  M
                                        and Peucetii on map 3, ref 164.
                                                                                Acc/to (157-5), (164-5) and other refs.
                                                                                From Albania. *{900-314}*

900 316 -1000 -500  A Iapygi          Y {Area of Apulia, S I, marked        L
                                        Daunii and Peucetii on map 3, ref
                                        164.} *{900-315}*
                                                                                Divided into subtribes Daunii and Peucetii
                                                                                after 500 BC (acc/to (26-23) and 164, maps
                                                                                2 and 3). Also acc/to (51-24).

234  26  -200 #     A Iazyges         R Bessarabia                          M
                                                                                From Don R area. (SYN = Iazygians). M.I.
                                                                                Rostovtzeff believes them to be not
                                                                                Sarmatians but Maeotian (indigenous pre-
                                                                                Indoeuropean people of the area) but
                                                                                probably with Iranian leadership.

900 246  -200 25    A Iazyges         R {Bessarabia} *{234-26}*             L
                                                                                To conform to (234-27).

234  27    25 50    A Iazyges         R Pannonian steppes between Tisza R   M
                                        & Danube R.
                                                                                From Bessarabia. *{900-246}* (A Sarmatian
                                                                                tribe acc/to various authors.)

900 247    25 110   A Iazyges         R {Pannonian steppes between Tisza R  L
                                        & Danube R.} *{234-27}*
                                                                                Acc/to (110-23).

110  23   110 #     A Iazyges         R Area from Banat to Olt R            E
                                                                                From the Pannonian steppes between Tisza R
                                                                                & Danube R. *{234-27}*

900 248   110 568   A Iazyges         R {Pannonian steppes between Tisza R  L
                                        & Danube R.} + {Area from Banat to
                                        Olt R} *{234-27} + {110-23}*
                                                                                Acc/to (391-2), (1-39), (133-43).

110  29   166 175   N Iazyges         R Pannonia RP                         A
                                                                                From the Pannonian steppes between Tisza R
                                                                                & Danube R. + Area from Banat to Olt R.
                                                                                *{900-248}*

228   5  -600 -500  A Iberians        U S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:  L
                                        Spain at the Dawn of History for
                                        Spanish portion)
                                                                                End date to conform to (17-30).

 17  30  -500 -475  N Iberians        U Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne & Cevennes. E
                                                                                Interdigitating with resident population.

900 991  -500 -100  A Iberians        U {S & E Iberia (see map 2,           L
                                        Harrison: Spain at the Dawn of
                                        History for Spanish portion)} +
                                        {Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                        Cevennes} *{228-5} + {17-30}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (17-30). End date
                                                                                to conform to (53-7). Some of these
                                                                                populations mixed with Celts to form
                                                                                Celtiberians (see (307-7)).

 53   5  -431 -401  N Iberians        U GR                                  A
                                                                                From S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:
                                                                                Spain at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                                                                portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                                                                Cevennes. *{900-991}* As mercenaries of
                                                                                Greeks and Carthaginians.

 53   4  -397 -395  N Iberians        U Sicily                              A
                                                                                From S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:
                                                                                Spain at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                                                                portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                                                                Cevennes. *{900-991}* As mercenaries of
                                                                                Greeks and Carthaginians.

 53   6  -218 -204  N Iberians        U I                                   A
                                                                                From S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:
                                                                                Spain at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                                                                portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                                                                Cevennes. *{900-991}* As mercenaries of
                                                                                Greeks and Carthaginians.

 53   7  -100 -1    N Iberians        U Ref says betw Segura & Rodano RR    I
                                        toward the interior, possibly up
                                        to the Iberian Mt range, but we
                                        shall use equivalent area of S & E
                                        Iberia (see map 2, Harrison: Spain
                                        at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                        portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne
                                        & Cevennes(= (900-991)).                By Romans.

900 635   870 1970  A Icelanders      G Iceland                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (15-23) and continued
                                                                                presence in Iceland.

 44  14  -100 60    A Iceni           K Norfolk, England                    L
                                                                                Dates are conservative bound around date
                                                                                of 50 BC cited in ref. See also map 26 in
                                                                                Geipel: The Europeans. E states that
                                                                                Romans crushed them in 60 AD.

230   8  -800 -500  A Ilergetes       U Urgel plain in Ebro RV around       L
                                        confluence of Segre R, (E)
                                                                                These are Iberians.

900 344 -1200 -300  A Illyrians       Y {Betw Epirus & Cetina R & defined   L
                                        inland by Neretva R & the mouth of
                                        its tributary, the Rama, & from
                                        the area by the watershed of the
                                        Neretva & Bosna RR. + From mouth
                                        of Cetina to mouth of Krka R, incl
                                        W & S Bosnia & Lika plain.} *{900-
                                        341}*
                                                                                Illyrians are found in this entire area.
                                                                                We have named record of tribes for many
                                                                                parts of it starting with 1200 BC for
                                                                                some, but records for individual tribes do
                                                                                not cover the entire area. This record
                                                                                will need adjusting after locality
                                                                                consistency check.

 23   5 -1000 #     A Illyrians       Y W Macedonia                         E
                                                                                But not necessarily displacing prior
                                                                                residents. Probably from Albania. At this
                                                                                time tribes in Albania are already named,
                                                                                whereas these are undifferentiated
                                                                                Illyrians since no tribal names given.

163   2 -1000 -800  A Illyrians       Y Epirus (NW GR, S of Albania)        E
                                                                                From Albania. At this time tribes in
                                                                                Albania are already named, whereas these
                                                                                are undifferentiated Illyrians since no
                                                                                tribal names given.

900 342 -1000 -500  A Illyrians       Y {Epirus (NW GR, S of Albania)}      L
                                        *{163-2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (163-2). These are
                                                                                Illyrians in a wider sense.

900 343 -1000 -800  A Illyrians       Y {W Macedonia} *{23-5}*              L
                                                                                For consistency with (23-5).

159   4  -800 -700  A Illyrians       Y C Epirus, coastal plain of          C
                                        Malakaster, also Upper & Lower
                                        Macedonia, Middle Strymon RV.
                                                                                From C YU. Various tribes.

113   3  -800 -750  A Illyrians       Y Basarabi, Balta Verde both in       S
                                        Oltenia. (See map in ref.)
                                                                                From area betw Epirus & Cetina R & defined
                                                                                inland by Neretva R & the mouth of its
                                                                                tributary, the Rama, & from the area by
                                                                                the watershed of the Neretva & Bosna RR. +
                                                                                From mouth of Cetina to mouth of Krka R,
                                                                                incl W & S Bosnia & Lika plain.
                                                                                *{900-344}* These are enclaves (not
                                                                                connected).

900 347  -800 -700  A Illyrians       Y {W Macedonia} *{23-5}*              I
                                                                                Acc/to ref 23, see RRS notes para 1, last
                                                                                3 lines. By NW Greeks.

900 345  -800 -550  A Illyrians       Y {Basarabi, Balta Verde both in      L
                                        Oltenia. (See map in ref 113.)}
                                        *{113-3}*
                                                                                For consistency with (113-3).

112  12  -700 #     A Illyrians       Y Bregalnica R (E Macedonia, YU),     Q
                                        Chalcidice (GR).
                                                                                Probably from Macedonia.

 40  51  -390 #     A Illyrians       Y Area of the Triballi See ref 40,    Q
                                        fig 1.
                                                                                Probably from NE YU. Pushed by Celts.

 23  10  -359 #     A Illyrians       Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From the West (Epirus).

900 346  -300 #     A Illyrians       Y Greek cities in YU & Albania.       S
                                        [These are Korcula (Curzola), Vis
                                        (Lissa), Hvar (Lesina), Trogir,
                                        Apollonia, and Durres (Durazzo)
                                        acc/to Bosi: Die Staedte der
                                        Griechen.]
                                                                                Acc/to (123-15). Some surrounding
                                                                                Illyrians settled in these cities and
                                                                                assimilated.

112  15    50 150   A Illyrians       Y Munti Zlatna, Transilvania, Dacia   R
                                        RP.
                                                                                From where and which tribe is not stated.
                                                                                Miners, resettled in Dacia RP by Romans.

114  44   400 600   N Illyrians       Y Croatia                             I
                                                                                By Croats. (This must be matched up later--
                                                                                during the gens- consistency check--with
                                                                                specific Illyrian tribes extant in this
                                                                                area, and will then serve to provide end
                                                                                dates for the location records of such
                                                                                tribes.)

114  14   500 1000  A Illyrians       Y Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs. (This must
                                                                                be matched up later--during the gens-
                                                                                consistency check--with specific Illyrian
                                                                                tribes extant in this area, and will then
                                                                                serve to provide end dates for the
                                                                                location records of such tribes.)

114  35   600 800   N Illyrians       Y Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs. (This must be matched up later--
                                                                                during the gens- consistency check--with
                                                                                specific Illyrian tribes extant in this
                                                                                area, and will then serve to provide end
                                                                                dates for the location records of such
                                                                                tribes.)

114  47   600 800   N Illyrians       Y Montenegro                          I
                                                                                By South Slavs (future Montenegrins).
                                                                                (This must be matched up later--during the
                                                                                gens- consistency check--with specific
                                                                                Illyrian tribes extant in this area, and
                                                                                will then serve to provide end dates for
                                                                                the location records of such tribes.)

 51 134  1000 1100  A Illyrians       Y Macedonia                           I
                                                                                By Slavs. (This must be matched up later--
                                                                                during the gens- consistency check--with
                                                                                specific Illyrian tribes extant in this
                                                                                area, and will then serve to provide end
                                                                                dates for the location records of such
                                                                                tribes.)

165  45 -1200 -200  A Illyrii         Y W of L Scutari (see map 1).         L
                                                                                These are Illyrians in the narrowest sense.

165  90  -222 #     N Illyrii         Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From area W of L Scutari. *{165-45}*

387  10  -800 -700  N Incinerary Urns U B, S NL, D, NE F, NW A, along       L
                                        Rhine R, see map 17a (10a-f);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "German Incinerary
                                                                                Urn," it includes several groups.

387  11  -800 -700  N Incinerary Urns U E F, see map 17a (11);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Eastern French
                                                                                Incinerary Urn."

387  12  -800 -600  N Incinerary Urns U S F & S Pyrenee Mts of F & E, see   L
                                        map 17a (12 ); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Southern French &
                                                                                Catalan Incinerary Urn." End date acc/to
                                                                                (388-19).

131   5 -1700 -1300 A Incrusted Ware  U Transdanubian H up to Drava R (see  L
                                        map on p. 16)
                                                                                Culture.

116   3 -1300 #     A Incrusted Ware  U N YU, Sirmia, S Backa, (W           M
                                        Vojvodina), Banat & SW ROM
                                                                                Pushed by Huegelgraeber (Barrow Graves)
                                                                                culture. From Transdanubian H up to Drava
                                                                                R (see map on p. 16). *{131-5}*

230   5  -800 50    A Indicetes       U N of Catalonian coast (see Fig. 1   L
                                        map)
                                                                                These are Iberians. Syn. with Indigetes,
                                                                                Indikete. End date acc/to (231-9).

140   1  -400 #     A Insubres        K Area around Mediolanum (Milan), I   M
                                        (betw. Ticino & Oglio RR)
                                                                                From S D or CH.

 17  37  -400 -190  N Insubres        K {Area around Mediolanum (Milan), I  L
                                        (betw. Ticino & Oglio RR)} *{140-
                                        1}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (140-1).

 47  18 -2200 -1900 A Ionians         H Ionian Gulf & hinterlands (map 3)   L
                                                                                This is questionable.

900 205 -1900 -1300 A Ionians         H Attica, Euboea                      M
                                                                                Questionable whether they came from Ionian
                                                                                Gulf & hinterlands (map 3, ref 47). *{47-
                                                                                18}* May have originated in situ.

900 146 -1900 -400  A Ionians         H {Attica, Euboea} *{900-205}*        L
                                                                                Acc/to (162-1). Also reported from Attica
                                                                                in numerous refs. Acc/to (22-14), around -
                                                                                1000 only remaining Achaeans (original
                                                                                Greeks) in face of Doric Invasion. Also in
                                                                                area around Athens, GR acc/to (318-1).

224  33 -1200 -1000 A Ionians         H Chios, Samos (Is) Phocaea           S
                                        Clazomenae, Erythrae, Teos,
                                        Lebedus, Colophon, Ephesus, Piene,
                                        Myus & Miletus (in AM).
                                                                                From Athens.

900 145 -1200 -1000 N Ionians         H Peloponnese Isthmus                 L
                                                                                Acc/ to (160-11) and terminated by
                                                                                subsequent Dorian invasion.

900 147 -1000 #     A Ionians         H Cyclades, Samos & coasts of         S
                                        Ephesos and Milet less Melos,
                                        Thera.
                                                                                Acc/to (22-12), (162-8). From Peloponnese
                                                                                and Saronic Gulf.

162   2  -800 #     A Ionians         H Al Mina (Syria)                     S
                                                                                From Euboea.

900 185  -800 -700  A Ionians         H Kelenderis, Nagidos (S coast of AM) S
                                                                                Origin not given. Based on (224-38) and
                                                                                Levi: Atlas of the Greek World.

 25  15  -790 -731  A Ionians         H Kyme (Cumae) nr Naples, I           S
                                                                                From Euboia.

 39  20  -775 #     A Ionians         H Samothrace                          S
                                                                                From Samos (Is).

 47  65  -750 #     A Ionians         H Corcyra (Corfu)                     S
                                                                                From Eretria (Euboia).

162   4  -750 #     A Ionians         H Pithecusae (Ischia)                 S
                                                                                From Chalkis & Eretria (both on Euboea).

900 148  -750 -733  N Ionians         H Corcyra (Corfu)                     L
                                                                                End date acc/to (47-67).

 25  18  -735 #     A Ionians         H Zancle (Massene, Messina) (NE       S
                                        Sicily)
                                                                                From Kyme.

168  22  -735 #     N Ionians         H Naxos (E Sicily)                    S
                                                                                From Chalcis, (Euboia).

 47  72  -730 #     N Ionians         H Methone at mouth of Toponitsa R     S
                                        (Can't find R but Methone is in
                                        Thermaic Gulf N of modern
                                        Katerini.)
                                                                                From Corcyra (Corfu).

 47  73  -730 #     N Ionians         H Dicaea, Mende (Thermaic Gulf)       S
                                                                                From Eretria (Euboia).

168  24  -729 #     N Ionians         H Lentini & Catania (E Sicily)        S
                                                                                From Naxos.

 25  19  -720 -717  A Ionians         H Rhegion, Mylai modern Reggio di     S
                                        Calabria & Milazzo (NE Sicily).
                                                                                From Zancle (Messina).

162   6  -720 #     A Ionians         H Rhegium (Reggio di Calabria)        S
                                                                                From Chalcis (Euboea).

 47  74  -710 #     N Ionians         H Torone (Chalcidice Pennisula in     S
                                        GR).
                                                                                From Chalcis.

900 155  -710 -657  A Ionians         H {Torone (Chalcidice Pennisula in    L
                                        GR).} *{47-74}*

 39  30  -700 #     A Ionians         H N coast Black Sea                   S
                                                                                From W AM.

 39  31  -700 #     A Ionians         H S coast Black Sea                   S
                                                                                From Milet(us).

900 149  -680 -652  N Ionians         H Thasos (Is in N Aegean)             S
                                                                                Acc/to (40-35), (39-13). From Paros (Is)
                                                                                in Cyclades.

 22  23  -675 #     A Ionians         H Abydos, Lampsakos & Kyzikos (NW     S
                                        coast of AM nr Hellespont.)
                                                                                Acc/to (40-19), from Milet(us).

 40  23  -657 -550  A Ionians         H N coast Black Sea (Scythian area)   S
                                                                                Date comes from ref 39, chapter 2. From
                                                                                Milet(us).

 40  24  -657 -550  A Ionians         H W coast Black Sea Istros, Tuna,     S
                                        Odessos, Apollonia.
                                                                                Date comes from ref 39, chapter 2. From
                                                                                Milet(us).

 40  28  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Perinthos (European coast of Sea    S
                                        of Marmara.)
                                                                                From Samos. Date comes from ref 39,
                                                                                chapter 2.

 40  36  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Pallene Penins., Chalcidice, NE GR. S
                                                                                From Eretria on Euboea. Date comes from
                                                                                ref 39, chapter 2.

 40  38  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Olynthos & Torone (Sithonia         S
                                        Penins.), Kleonai (or Cleonae on
                                        Acte Penins.). All in Chalcidice,
                                        NE GR.
                                                                                From Chalcis on Euboea. Date comes from
                                                                                ref 39, chapter 2.

 40  39  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Sane, Acanthos (or -us), Stageira   S
                                        (Stagirus), all on or inland from
                                        Acte Penins., Chalcidice.
                                                                                From Andros Is. Date comes from ref 39,
                                                                                chapter 2.

900 156  -657 -354  A Ionians         H {Torone (Chalcidice Pennisula in    L
                                        GR).} + {Pallene Penins.,
                                        Chalcidice, NE GR.} + {Olynthos &
                                        Torone (Sithonia Penins.), Kleonai
                                        (or Cleonae on Acte Penins.). All
                                        in Chalcidice, NE GR.} + {Sane,
                                        Acanthos (or -us), Stageira
                                        (Stagirus),
                                        all on or inland from Acte              Macedonians conquered Chalcidice and
                                        Penins., Chalcidice.} *{47-74} +        forced the Athenians to remove their
                                        {40-36} + {40-38}* * + {40-39} *        population. It doesn't say where to.

 39  14  -650 #     A Ionians         H Neapolis (Kavala) Oisyme (Aisyme),  S
                                        Krenides, Ismaros, Stryme. (On
                                        Thracian coast opp. Thasos Is, GR.)
                                                                                From Paros via Thasos (Islands). Earlier.

 39  18  -650 #     A Ionians         H Maroneia nr earlier Thracic town    S
                                        of Ismaro.
                                                                                From Chios (Is).

 39  32  -650 -600  A Ionians         H W & E coast Black Sea incl.         S
                                        Apollonia & Histria.
                                                                                From Milet(us). Apollonia counted 3K free
                                                                                citizens (excl. dependents & slaves).

 40  30  -650 #     A Ionians         H Abdera on Thracian coast E of       S
                                        Nestos R, GR.
                                                                                From Klazomenai, AM.

900 152  -620 #     A Ionians         H Cadiz, E                            S
                                                                                From Phokaia, AM acc/to Herodotus.

 17   5  -620 -601  N Ionians         H Cadiz, E                            L
                                                                                Driven out by Carthaginians.

 39  19  -610 -600  A Ionians         H Sale, Zone, Mesembria               S
                                                                                From Samothrace (Is). The locations of
                                                                                these cities are not clear to me.
                                                                                Mesembria is on W coast of Black Sea. The
                                                                                others I have been unable to find. I
                                                                                supposed them to be along Aegean coast but
                                                                                not in Black Sea. These cities are also
                                                                                given on p.106 in Ploetz, but this doesn't
                                                                                help.

 25  29  -600 #     A Ionians         H Hemeroscopeion (Denia, E) also      S
                                        Mainake (E of Malaga, before
                                        Velez), and Massalia (Marseille).
                                                                                Phocaeans from Asia Minor (Phokaia, N of
                                                                                Smyrna, modern Izmir).

 39  25  -600 #     A Ionians         H Kardia, Limnae on or nr Thracian    S
                                        Chersones.
                                                                                From Milet(us). To Abydos earlier. See (22-
                                                                                23).

234  13  -600 -500  A Ionians         H Kerch Strait                        S
                                                                                From Caria & Miletus. Probably with a
                                                                                substrate of native Japhetid & Iranian
                                                                                tribes.

900 150  -600 #     A Ionians         H Arles, Port Vendres, F; Barcelona,  S
                                        Malaga, E.
                                                                                Acc/to (17-6). Ref (25-29) call them
                                                                                Phocaeans from Asia Minor (Phokaia, N of
                                                                                Smyrna, modern Izmir). *{25-29}*

900 153  -600 #     A Ionians         H Marseilles (Massala)                S
                                                                                From Cadiz via mouth of Tiber R acc/to
                                                                                Herodotus.

 25  30  -580 #     A Ionians         H Emporion (Ampurias) a few km from   S
                                        La Escala and St. Martin de
                                        Empurias, E.
                                                                                From Massalia.

 40  31  -554 #     N Ionians         H Abdera on Thracian coast E of       S
                                        Nestos R.
                                                                                From Teos, AM.

900 151  -554 -350  A Ionians         H {Abdera on Thracian coast E of      L
                                        Nestos R.} *{40-31}*
                                                                                Left when harbor sanded up and there were
                                                                                incursions of the Triballi acc/to (39-17).

 25  28  -540 #     A Ionians         H Hyele (Elea, Velia, I)              S
                                                                                Phocaeans from Phokaia, Asia Minor (N of
                                                                                Smyrna, modern Izmir), after Phokaia was
                                                                                conquered by Persians 5 yrs. earlier.
                                                                                Acc/to R. Bosi: Die Staedte der Griechen.

 25  25  -530 #     N Ionians         H Pozzuoli (Dikaiarchia)              S
                                                                                From Samos.

 39  35  -525 -500  A Ionians         H Thracian Chersones modern           S
                                        Gallipoli or Gelibolu Peninsula.
                                                                                From Athens, colonists not official
                                                                                colonies.

 17   8  -500 #     A Ionians         H Valais, Bourgogne also the plateau  S
                                        de Langres, Loire & Seine R
                                        basins, F. Crossed into Britain,
                                        Rhine & Elbe R valleys.
                                                                                From Marseille (Massalia).

 25  32  -500 #     A Ionians         H Monoikos, Nicaia modern Monaco &    S
                                        Nice, F.
                                                                                From Massalia. Date quite approximate.

 26  44  -500 -400  A Ionians         H Kyme                                I
                                                                                Amalgamation of Opici, Greeks (Ionians),
                                                                                Etruscans & Samniti (under the name of the
                                                                                latter?).

 17  33  -479 -430  N Ionians         H Monaco, Nice & Antibes, Olbia       S
                                        (Hyeres), Tamaris, Sanary, La
                                        Ciotat (all E of Marseille),
                                        Rhodanousia, Agde, Ampurias,
                                        Arles, Narbonne (all W of
                                        Marseille).
                                                                                From Marseille.

900 154  -470 #     A Ionians         H Ionian cities in AM                 C
                                                                                (Replaces record (22-35).) From Attica,
                                                                                Euboea. *{900-205}* A reconquest of
                                                                                Persians.

 25  26  -470 #     N Ionians         H Naples (Neapolis)                   S
                                                                                From Kyme. Other Ionians joined around 450
                                                                                BC and 420 BC.

 40  47  -457 -437  N Ionians         H Amphipolis slightly E of            S
                                        Chalcidice, at mouth of Strymon R,
                                        GR.
                                                                                From Athens. 10K Athenians transported
                                                                                there 20 yrs earlier.

900 994 -1000 1970  A Irish           K Ireland                             L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-987). End
                                                                                date, still although now largely English
                                                                                speaking.

140  12   275 #     A Irish           K SW Wales (Dyfed)                    Q
                                                                                From SE Ireland. Known as Desi.

140  13   300 #     N Irish           K NW Wales (Gwynned)                  A
                                                                                From C Ireland. Known as Feni.

171   4   900 1000  A Irish           K Iceland                             Q
                                                                                Slaves from IRL, brought by Vikings but
                                                                                undoubtedly mixed in with Germanic peoples.

901 137  1641 #     A Irish           K Ulster, N Ireland                   
                                                                                from Ireland. major uprising resulting in
                                                                                death or emigration of many English and
                                                                                Scottish colonists. acc/to E.

150   2  1800 1900  A Irish           K Liverpool, London                   Q
                                                                                From IRL.

900 299 -1200 -300  A Istri           Y Istria, YU                          L
                                                                                Earlier date acc/to (123-12), but modified
                                                                                to conform to (158-1). Latest date acc/to
                                                                                (165-40).

901  70   476 1970  N Italians        I Italic speaking areas of I & CH     L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman empire; end date:
                                                                                still there.

331  13  1016 #     N Italians        I Corsica                             C
                                                                                From Pisa, I. Pisan raid/conquest of
                                                                                Saracen lands since 950.

331  15  1050 #     N Italians        I Sardinia                            C
                                                                                From Pisa, I. Pisan raid/conquest of
                                                                                Saracen lands since 950.

331  17  1063 #     N Italians        I Palermo, Sicily                     N
                                                                                From Pisa, I.

331   9  1115 #     N Italians        I Balearic Islands, Mediterranean     A
                                        Sea.
                                                                                From Pisa, I. Pisan raid/conquest of
                                                                                Saracen lands since 950.

331  11  1143 #     N Italians        I Balearic Islands, Mediterranean     C
                                        Sea.
                                                                                From Pisa, I. Pisan raid/conquest of
                                                                                Saracen lands since 950.

 53  84  1147 #     N Italians        I Almeria                             A
                                                                                From Genoa, I. Together with Spaniards
                                                                                (crusade in Spain, stimulated by the
                                                                                second crusade).

129  55  1266 #     N Italians        I Kaffa (= mod Feodosija, Crimea)     S
                                                                                From Genoa, I.

901  71  1266 1380  N Italians        I {Kaffa (= mod Feodosija, Crimea)}   L
                                        *{129-55}*
                                                                                Genoese. Start date to conform to (129-
                                                                                55). End date: last date we know them to
                                                                                be there.

901 132  1580 #     N Italians        I County Kerry, Ireland               
                                                                                from Italy. with Spanish, intervention in
                                                                                support of Catholic rebels against
                                                                                English. massacred by English. acc/to E.

346   8  1918 1921  N Italians        I Murmansk & Karelia, N SU            A
                                                                                From I. Anti-Bolshevik forces from the
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

347  44  1922 1939  N Italians        I F                                   Q
                                                                                40 K Italian antifascist refugees left I
                                                                                for F.

151   4  1945 1970  N Italians        I CH                                  Q
                                                                                From I. 8.40 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

151  11  1945 #     N Italians        I W D                                 Q
                                                                                From I. 0.91 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

 26  12  -800 -500  A Italici         I Calabria, I                         L
                                                                                Dates very approximate. End date to
                                                                                conform to (320-15).

383  21 -1800 -1550 N Iwno            U Lower Wista R area, N PL, see map   L
                                        13a (18); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Syn. Iwienska.

172  48  1250 1970  N Jagyses         T Kom. Pest & Szolnok                 L
                                                                                Probably speak Hungarian now. Text is not
                                                                                clear.

382  13 -2200 -1850 N Jamov-Catacomb  U S & C SU, betw Juznyi Bug & Ural    L
                                        RR, see map 12a (10);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (383-36) (Catacomb).

182   4  -550 -100  A Jastorf         G From Elbe R E to C & E Mecklenburg  L
                                        up to W Pommerania (now in PL).
                                        From Middle Elbe R into Havel-
                                        Spree RR mouths area. Also lowland
                                        nr Leipzig. (hatching 4 in Abb 50).

182   6  -550 -100  A Jastorf         G Jutland, Schleswig (hatching 1, 2,  L
                                        3 in Abb 50).

182   7  -550 -250  A Jastorf         G C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.     L
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R.
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50).
                                                                                Sparse settlements up to Oder R, even
                                                                                sparse E of there.

182   8  -550 -200  A Jastorf         G N Middle Elbe-Havel RR area         L
                                        (hatching 7 in Abb 50).
                                                                                Dense settlements toward end of period.
                                                                                Possible area of ethnogeny of Suebi.

182  10  -550 -300  A Jastorf         G Elbe-Saale RR area nr Riesa, in     L
                                        the Mulde area, in the Halle-
                                        Leipzig lowlands (Tieflandbucht).
                                        (hatching 8 in Abb 50).

182  15  -400 -200  A Jastorf         G NW Bohemia (Decin- Podmokly; in     L
                                        German: Tetschen-Bodenbach).

182  11  -300 #     A Jastorf         G Thuringia up to Unstrut R           E
                                                                                From Elbe-Saale RR area nr Riesa, in the
                                                                                Mulde area, in the Halle-Leipzig lowlands
                                                                                (Tieflandbucht). (hatching 8 in Abb 50).
                                                                                *{182-10}*

900 463  -300 -100  A Jastorf         G {Elbe-Saale RR area nr Riesa, in    L
                                        the Mulde area, in the Halle-
                                        Leipzig lowlands (Tieflandbucht).
                                        (hatching 8 in Abb 50).} +
                                        {Thuringia up to Unstrut R} *{182-
                                        10} + {182-11}*
                                                                                Acc/to (182-10), (182-11).

 38   6  -250 #     A Jastorf         G Up to Persante (Parseta in PL) R.   E
                                                                                From C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.
                                                                                Schwerin and Oder R. Also across Oder R up
                                                                                to Ina (Ihna) R. (hatching 5 in Abb 50).
                                                                                *{182-7}*

900 465  -250 -200  A Jastorf         G {C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.    L
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50).} + {Up to
                                        Persante (Parseta in PL) R.} *{182-
                                        7} + {38-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to (38-6), (182-7).

 13  15  -200 #     A Jastorf         G Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka in  E
                                        PL) R.
                                                                                From C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.
                                                                                Schwerin and Oder R. Also across Oder R up
                                                                                to Ina (Ihna) R (hatching 5 in Abb 50). +
                                                                                Up to Persante (Parseta in PL) R. *{900-
                                                                                465}*

182  13  -200 #     A Jastorf         G S Thuringia (Orlagau)               E
                                                                                From Thuringia up to Unstrut R. *{182-11}*

900 464  -200 -100  A Jastorf         G {S Thuringia (Orlagau)} *{182-13}*  L

900 466  -200 -100  A Jastorf         G {C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.    L
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50). + Up to
                                        Persante (Parseta in PL) R.} +
                                        {Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka
                                        in PL) R.} *{900-465} + {13-15}*
                                                                                Acc/to (13-15) and (38-6).

 13  16  -100 #     A Jastorf         G {C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.    T
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50). + Up to
                                        Persante (Parseta in PL) R. +
                                        Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka in
                                        PL) R.} - Area W of Oder R
                                        *{{900-466} - Area W of Oder R}*        To That part of [C & E Mecklenburg areas
                                                                                betw L. Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                                                                Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R (hatching 5 in
                                                                                Abb 50). + Up to Persante (Parseta in PL)
                                                                                R. + Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka in
                                                                                PL) R.] W of Oder R. *{901-126}*

901 126  -100 -1    A Jastorf         G That part of {C & E Mecklenburg     L
                                        areas betw L. Schwerin and Oder R.
                                        Also across Oder R up to Ina
                                        (Ihna) R (hatching 5 in Abb 50). +
                                        Up to Persante (Parseta in PL) R.}
                                        + {Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka
                                        in PL) R.} W of Oder R.
                                        *{{900-466} W of Oder R}*

322   1  -331 -300  A Jews            E Ephesus, Sardis (Lydia, AM)         S
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 22.
                                                                                More in Ephesus than in Sardis.

900 811  -331 -300  A Jews            E Cyprus                              S
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 22.

900 800  -331 -50   A Jews            E {Ephesus, Sardis (Lydia, AM)}       L
                                        *{322-1}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (322-1) and
                                                                                (322-3).

900 812  -331 1930  A Jews            E {Cyprus} *{900-811}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-811). End date
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 198. By 1930 only 75
                                                                                people.

322   2  -100 1     A Jews            E Rome, I (and surrounding areas,     S
                                        see Atlas of Jewish World p. 25)
                                                                                From Palestine. End date from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.

900 840  -100 1     A Jews            E {Rome, I (and surrounding areas,    L
                                        see Atlas of Jewish World p. 25)}
                                        *{322-2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (322-2) and (900-841).

900 801   -50 1     A Jews            E AM less (Ephesus, Sardis (Lydia,    S
                                        AM) (900-800)). (For detailed
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. 1 M in AM. Start date
                                                                                acc/to (322-3). End date inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.

900 813   -50 1     A Jews            E Tarraco (E) (For detailed           S
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine (& Rome?). Start date
                                                                                guess; must be subsequent to Roman
                                                                                occupation. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.

900 823   -50 1     A Jews            E GR including Crete (For detailed    S
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.
                                                                                Start date guess.

900 836   -50 1     A Jews            E Crimean Bosporus region (For        S
                                        detailed locations see map p. 25
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. Start date guess. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 25.

900 802   -50 300   A Jews            E AM (For detailed locations see map  L
                                        p. 29 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-801) and (900-
                                                                                803).

900 814   -50 1     A Jews            E {Tarraco (E) (For detailed          L
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-813}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-813) and (900-
                                                                                815).

900 824   -50 1     A Jews            E {GR including Crete (For detailed   L
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-823}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-823) and (900-
                                                                                825).

900 837   -50 600   A Jews            E {Crimean Bosporus region (For       L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 25
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        836}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-836) and (900-
                                                                                838). Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 30.

900 841     1 300   A Jews            E Po RV, C & S I, E Sicily (For       Q
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From ME. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 815     1 300   A Jews            E Emerita Augusta, Corduba in RPP of  S
                                        Spain (For detailed locations see
                                        map p. 29 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From Palestine? Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 858     1 300   A Jews            E E Pannonia RP (For detailed         S
                                        locations see map p. 29 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 886     1 300   A Jews            E Augusta Treverorum (Trier) (For     S
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Rome. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 825     1 300   A Jews            E W GR, W Macedonia & E Thrace (For   T
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To E GR & Macedonia including Crete. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 29.

900 816     1 300   A Jews            E {Tarraco (E)} + {Emerita Augusta,   L
                                        Corduba in RPP of Spain} *{900-
                                        813} + {900-815}* (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29 in
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-814), (900-815)
                                                                                and (900-817).

900 826     1 300   A Jews            E {GR including Crete} - {W GR, W     L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace} *{900-823} -
                                        {900-825}* (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 25, 29 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-824), (900-825)
                                                                                and (900-827). Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 842     1 300   A Jews            E {Po RV, C & S I, E Sicily (For      L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        841}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-841) and (900-
                                                                                843).

900 859     1 300   A Jews            E {E Pannonia RP (For detailed        L
                                        locations see map p. 29 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-858}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-858). Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World pp. 29, 31.

900 887     1 300   A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) (For    L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        886}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-886) and (900-
                                                                                888).

111   1   193 235   A Jews            E Intercisa, Mursa (Pannonia RP)(see  S
                                        map p. 29 in Atlas of the Jewish
                                        World)
                                                                                Probably from Palestine.

900 804   300 600   A Jews            E Bosporus (For detailed locations    E
                                        see map p. 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From AM. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 30.

900 817   300 600   A Jews            E E & SE Spain (For detailed          E
                                        locations see map p. 30 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Tarraco (E) + Emerita, Augusta,
                                                                                Corduba in RPP of Spain *{900-816}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 30.

900 845   300 600   A Jews            E {Tuscany, C & S I, Sicily} -        E
                                        [INTERSECTION OF {Po RV, C & S I,
                                        E Sicily} AND {Tuscany, C & S I,
                                        Sicily}] *{900-843} - INTERSECTION
                                        OF * *{900-841} AND {900-843} *
                                        (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 30, 29 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From INTERSECTION OF {Po RV, C & S I, E
                                                                                Sicily} AND {Tuscany, C & S I, Sicily} *
                                                                                INTERSECTION OF {900-841} AND {900-843} *
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 30.

900 888   300 600   A Jews            E Rhine & Moselle RVV - {Augusta      E
                                        Treverorum (Trier) (900-887)} (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        30, 29 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Augusta Treverorum (Trier) (For
                                                                                detailed locations see map p. 29 in Atlas
                                                                                of Jewish World). *{900-887}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 30.

900 870   300 600   A Jews            E Rhone RV (For detailed locations    S
                                        see map p. 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From I. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 30.

900 871   300 600   A Jews            E Loire RV (For detailed locations    S
                                        see map p. 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From I. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 30.

900 803   300 600   A Jews            E C & E AM (For detailed locations    T
                                        see map p. 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                To NW, W, and S AM. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 30.

900 827   300 600   A Jews            E C GR, C Macedonia & C Thrace (For   T
                                        detailed locations see map p. 30
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To E GR & Macedonia including Crete. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 30.

900 844   300 600   A Jews            E {Po RV, C & S I, E Sicily} -        T
                                        [INTERSECTION OF {Po RV, C & S I,
                                        E Sicily} AND {Tuscany, C & S I,
                                        Sicily}] *{900-841} - INTERSECTION
                                        OF * *{900-841} AND {900-843} *
                                        (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 29, 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                To INTERSECTION OF {Po RV, C & S I, E
                                                                                Sicily} AND {Tuscany, C & S I, Sicily} *
                                                                                INTERSECTION OF {900-841} AND {900-843} *
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 30.

900 805   300 900   A Jews            E {AM} - {C & E AM} + {Bosporus}      L
                                        *{900-802} - {900-803}* * + {900-
                                        804}* (For detailed locations see
                                        maps pp. 29, 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-803), (900-804),
                                                                                and (900-806).

900 818   300 711   A Jews            E {Tarraco (E)} + {Emerita Augusta,   L
                                        Corduba in RPP of Spain} + {E & SE
                                        Spain} *{900-816} + {900-817}*
                                        (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 25, 29 and 30 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-816) and (900-
                                                                                817). End date conquest of Spain by Arabs.

900 828   300 900   A Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace} - {C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace} *{900-826} -
                                        {900-827} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29, 30
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-826), (900-827)
                                                                                and (900-829).

900 843   300 600   A Jews            E Tuscany, C & S I, Sicily, S         L
                                        Sardinia (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 30 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-842), (900-844)
                                                                                and (900-845).

900 872   300 900   A Jews            E {Rhone RV} + {Loire RV} *{900-870}  L
                                        + {900-871}* (For detailed
                                        locations see map p. 30 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-870), (900-871)
                                                                                and (900-873).

900 889   300 600   A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier)} +      L
                                        {Rhine & Moselle RVV - Augusta
                                        Treverorum (Trier)} *{900-887} +
                                        {900-888}* (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 29, 30 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-888) and (900-
                                                                                890).

900 838   600 900   N Jews            E Crimea less Bosporus region (For    E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 38
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Crimean Bosporus region *{900-837}*
                                                                                Dates inferred from De Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 38.

900 890   600 900   A Jews            E Main & Upper Danube RVV (For        E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 38
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Augusta Treverorum (Trier) + Rhine &
                                                                                Moselle RVV - Augusta Treverorum (Trier)
                                                                                *{900-889}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 38.

900 847   600 900   A Jews            E {Tuscany, C & S I, Sicily} -        T
                                        [INTERSECTION OF {Tuscany, C & S
                                        I, Sicily} AND {Pisa area, C & S
                                        I, Sicily}] *{900-843} -
                                        INTERSECTION OF * *{900-843} AND
                                        {900-846} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 30, 38 in
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To INTERSECTION OF {Tuscany, C & S I,
                                                                                Sicily} AND {Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} *
                                                                                INTERSECTION OF {900-843} AND {900-846} *
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 38.

900 839   600 1970  N Jews            E {Crimean Bosporus region} +         L
                                        {Crimea less Bosporus region}
                                        *{900-837} + {900-838}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        25, 38 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-837) and (900-
                                                                                838). End date inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 190.

900 846   600 900   A Jews            E Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily (For     L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 38
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-843) and (900-
                                                                                847).

900 891   600 900   A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +       L
                                        Rhine & Moselle RVV - Augusta
                                        Treverorum (Trier)} + {Main & U
                                        Danube RVV} *{900-889} + {900-
                                        890}* (For detailed locations see
                                        maps pp. 29, 30, 38 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-890) and (900-
                                                                                893).

900 913   650 800   A Jews            E Khazar Khanate (For detailed        Q
                                        locations see map p. 38 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Byzantine Empire & Islamic countries
                                                                                nearby (A. Koestler, The 13th Tribe).
                                                                                Refugees from persecution. Dates very
                                                                                conservative. Koestler suggests 327 to 944.

900 914   650 1000  A Jews            E {Khazar Khanate (For detailed       L
                                        locations see map p. 38 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World)} *{900-913}*
                                                                                Dates very approximate. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (900-913). End date: conquest
                                                                                of Khazar Empire. Conversion of Khazars to
                                                                                Jews between 740 and 860 (Ploetz, p. 372,
                                                                                and A. Koestler, The 13th Tribe, p. 67).

323  11   700 900   A Jews            E Crimea                              Q
                                                                                From Byzantium.

900 819   711 900   A Jews            E S two-thirds of Spain (Umayyad      Q
                                        Empire) (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 38 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From Middle East accompanying Arabs and
                                                                                expansion from (900-818). Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 38.

900 820   711 1110  A Jews            E {S two-thirds of Spain (Umayyad     L
                                        Empire) (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 38 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} *{900-819}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-819). End date
                                                                                conquest of S Spain by Almorovids and
                                                                                Almohads who persecuted Jews causing many
                                                                                to leave, others to convert to Islam.

900 915   840 862   A Jews            E Kiev SU                             Q
                                                                                From Khazar Khanate *{900-914}* Ref 234
                                                                                pp. 332/3 and A. Koestler, The 13th Tribe,
                                                                                pp. 109/10. Not known whether these are
                                                                                'original' Jews or converted Khazars.

900 916   840 1200  A Jews            E {Kiev SU} *{900-915}*               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-915). End
                                                                                date: start of Ashkenazi immigration.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50.

900 806   900 1200  A Jews            E N AM (For detailed locations see    E
                                        map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From AM - C & E AM + Bosporus *{900-805}*
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 40.

900 829   900 1200  A Jews            E W GR, W Macedonia & Thrace (For     E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 40
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From GR including Crete - W GR, W
                                                                                Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C Macedonia &
                                                                                C Thrace *{900-828}* Dates inferred from
                                                                                de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 40.

900 848   900 1200  A Jews            E Po RV, area E of Rome, S Sardinia   E
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily *{900-
                                                                                846}* Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 40.

900 860   900 1200  A Jews            E S YU coast & BG (For detailed       E
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From GR & AM? Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 40.

900 873   900 1200  A Jews            E {F (exc SE, Normandy, and           E
                                        Brittany) (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} -
                                        {Rhone RV + Loire RV (For detailed      From Rhone RV + Loire RV. *{900-872}*
                                        locations see map p. 30 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)}  *{900-874} -
                                        {900-872}*

900 893   900 1200  A Jews            E Much of D & A & CH (For detailed    E
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Augusta Treverorum (Trier) + Rhine &
                                                                                Moselle RVV - Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +
                                                                                Main & Upper Danube RVV *{900-891}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 40.

900 905   900 1200  A Jews            E England & Dublin area (For          Q
                                        detailed locations see map p. 40
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From: not stated.

900 808   900 1800  A Jews            E {AM - C & E AM + Bosporus} + {N     L
                                        AM} * {900-805} + {900-806} * (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        29, 30, 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-806) and (900-
                                                                                809).

900 830   900 1800  A Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace} + {W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace} *{900-828} +
                                        {900-829} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29, 30,
                                        40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-828), (900-829)
                                                                                and (900-832). End date inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 849   900 1200  A Jews            E {Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} + {Po  L
                                        RV, area E of Rome, S Sardinia}
                                        *{900-846} + {900-848}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        38, 40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-846) and (900-
                                                                                848).

900 861   900 1500  A Jews            E {S YU coast & BG (For detailed      L
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-860}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-860).

900 874   900 1400  A Jews            E F (exc SE, Normandy, and Brittany   L
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-873). End date
                                                                                acc/to Atlas of the Jewish World p. 36.

900 894   900 1200  A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +       L
                                        Rhine & Moselle RVV - Augusta
                                        Treverorum (Trier) + Main & U
                                        Danube RVV} + {Much of D & A & CH}
                                        *{900-891} + {900-893}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 29, 30, 38 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-893) and (900-
                                                                                898).

900 906   900 1290  A Jews            E {England & Dublin area (For         L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 40
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World)} *{900-
                                        905}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-905). End
                                                                                date: expulsion from Britain.

900 821  1110 1200  A Jews            E N two-thirds of Spain               Q
                                        (Christian)(For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From S two-thirds of Spain (Umayyad
                                                                                Empire). *{900-819}* Dates inferred from
                                                                                de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World pp.
                                                                                39/40.

900 822  1110 1497  N Jews            E {N two-thirds of                    L
                                        Spain(Christian)(For detailed
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-821}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-821) and (900-
                                                                                823). Dates inferred from De Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World pp. 41, 44. End date
                                                                                is expulsion from P.

900 852  1200 1500  A Jews            E {Mainland I} - [INTERSECTION OF     E
                                        ({Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} +
                                        {Po RV, area E of Rome, S
                                        Sardinia}) AND {Mainland I}] *{900-
                                        850} - INTERSECTION OF * *{900-
                                        849} AND {900-850} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 44, 38, 40
                                        in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)                       From INTERSECTION OF ({Pisa area, C & S I,
                                                                                Sicily} + {Po RV, area E of Rome, S
                                                                                Sardinia}) AND {Mainland I} * INTERSECTION
                                                                                OF {900-849} AND {900-850} * Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 44.

900 875  1200 1500  A Jews            E E of Elbe R & up to Oder R (For     E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 44
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Much of D & A & CH (For detailed
                                                                                locations see map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                                                                World). *{900-893}* Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 44.

900 895  1200 1600  A Jews            E PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,         Q
                                        Lithuania (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 50 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From Much of D & A & CH + Augusta
                                                                                Treverorum (Trier) + Rhine & Moselle RVV -
                                                                                Augusta Treverorum (Trier) + Main & U
                                                                                Danube RVV *{900-894}* Dates inferred from
                                                                                de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 50.

900 851  1200 1500  A Jews            E ({Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} +     T
                                        {Po RV, area E of Rome, S
                                        Sardinia}) - [INTERSECTION OF
                                        ({Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} +
                                        {Po RV, area E of Rome, S
                                        Sardinia}) AND {Mainland I}] *{900-
                                        849} - INTERSECTION OF * *{900-
                                        849} AND {900-850} * (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.         To INTERSECTION OF ({Pisa area, C & S I,
                                        38, 40, 44 in Atlas of Jewish           Sicily} + {Po RV, area E of Rome, S
                                        World.)                                 Sardinia}) AND {Mainland I} * INTERSECTION
                                                                                OF {900-849} AND {900-850} * Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 44.

900 897  1200 1500  A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +       T
                                        Rhine & Moselle RVV - Augusta
                                        Treverorum (Trier) + Main & U
                                        Danube RVV + Much of D & A & CH.} -
                                        {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,      To Much of D & A & CH (900-893) - (A,
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder      Silesia, Saxony). Dates inferred from de
                                        R.} *{900-894} - {900-898}*  (For       Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 44.
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        29, 30, 38, 40, 44 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)

900 850  1200 1500  A Jews            E Mainland I (For detailed locations  L
                                        see map p. 44 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-849), (900-851)
                                                                                and (900-852).

900 898  1200 1500  A Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH} - (A,          L
                                        Silesia, Saxony) + {E of Elbe R &
                                        up to Oder R} *{900-893} - (A,
                                        Silesia, * *Saxony) + {900-875} *
                                        (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 40, 44 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-875) and (900-
                                                                                897).

900 917  1200 1495  A Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 50 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} *{900-895}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-895). End
                                                                                date: expulsion of Jews from Lithuanian
                                                                                Empire. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 45.

900 907  1290 #     N Jews            E B & N F (For detailed locations     M
                                        see map p. 36 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From England & Dublin area *{900-906}*
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 36.

323   9  1350 1450  A Jews            E R                                   Q
                                                                                From area around Budapest, H.

232  72  1387 1492  N Jews            E S & E Spain                         I
                                                                                By Spaniards. Forced conversions.

323  16  1394 #     A Jews            E N E, C I, S D                       M
                                                                                From F. Expulsion from F.

900 876  1400 1600  A Jews            E Avignon area (For detailed          L
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-875). End date
                                                                                guess since not there in 1800. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of Jewish
                                                                                World p. 57.

 53  98  1492 #     N Jews            E N Africa                            Q
                                                                                From E (expulsion from E). They also went
                                                                                to NL (900-908), Balkans (900-869) and TR
                                                                                (900-807). Altogether 150K people were
                                                                                involved plus many of the 'conversos'
                                                                                (forcefully baptized Jews) of whom there
                                                                                were 250K.

900 807  1492 1500  A Jews            E {Bosporus (900-804)} + Smyrna (For  Q
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        30, 47 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Iberia (expulsion). Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 47.

900 831  1492 1550  A Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       Q
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace + W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace} *{900-830}*
                                        (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 25, 29, 30, 40 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Iberia. Start date: expulsion from
                                                                                Spain. End date approximate. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 47.

900 853  1492 1497  A Jews            E {Mainland I (For detailed           Q
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World)} *{900-850}*
                                                                                From E and P. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 46.
                                                                                (See also ref 323.)

900 877  1492 1600  A Jews            E Several cities in S F (For          S
                                        detailed locations see map p. 47
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From E. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

323  26  1492 1700  N Jews            E E                                   I
                                                                                By Spaniards. End date quite arbitrary.
                                                                                Those who converted to Catholicism. Ref
                                                                                (53-99) says there were 50K such plus part
                                                                                of earlier 250K 'conversos.'

900 878  1492 1800  A Jews            E SW F & SE F (For detailed           L
                                        locations see map p. 57 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with part of (900-877).
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 57.

900 919  1495 #     N Jews            E Lithuania(n Empire) (For detailed   T
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia, Lithuania -
                                                                                Lithuania(n Empire) *{900-918}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 45.

900 918  1495 1503  N Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania} -{Lithuania(n Empire)}
                                        *{900-895} - {900-919}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        50, 44 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-917). End
                                                                                date: end of exclusion from Lithuanian
                                                                                Empire. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 45.

323  23  1497 1700  A Jews            E P                                   I
                                                                                End date quite arbitrary. By Portugese.
                                                                                They were 'expelled' totally from the
                                                                                Portugese Realm except for those forcibly
                                                                                converted to Catholicism, many of whom
                                                                                escaped later.

900 862  1500 1800  A Jews            E Rest of Balkans S of Sava and       E
                                        Danube RR (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From S YU coast & BG (For detailed
                                                                                locations see map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                                                                World). *{900-861}* Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 899  1500 1800  A Jews            E N A, Schleswig, Holstein (For       E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 57
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Much of D & A & CH - A, Silesia &
                                                                                Saxony + E of Elbe R & up to Oder R *{900-
                                                                                898}* Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 869  1500 1600  A Jews            E YU coast & BG (For detailed         Q
                                        locations see map p. 47 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Iberia. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

900 908  1500 1700  A Jews            E Antwerp (B), London, Bristol (UK)   Q
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        47 in Atlas of Jewish World),
                                        Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague,
                                        Maarsen (NL), Dublin (EI)
                                                                                From E & P. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47. Sephardic
                                                                                Jews.

900 854  1500 1800  A Jews            E S I (For detailed locations see     T
                                        map p. 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                To C & N I (For detailed locations see
                                                                                maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World).
                                                                                *{900-855}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 855  1500 1880  A Jews            E C & N I (For detailed locations     L
                                        see maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-854) and (900-
                                                                                856). Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 863  1500 1800  A Jews            E {S YU coast & BG} + {Rest of        L
                                        Balkans S of Sava and Danube RR}
                                        *{900-860} + {900-862}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 57 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-862) and (900-
                                                                                864).

900 900  1500 1800  A Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  L
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R} + {N A, Schleswig, Holstein}
                                        *{900-898} + {900-899}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 44, 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-899) and (900-
                                                                                902). Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 909  1500 1650  A Jews            E {Antwerp (B), London, Bristol (UK)  L
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        47 in Atlas of Jewish World),
                                        Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague,
                                        Maarsen (NL), Dublin (EI)} *{900-
                                        908}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-908) and (900-
                                                                                910).

900 920  1503 #     N Jews            E {Lithuania(n Empire) (For detailed  E
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World)} *{900-919}*
                                                                                From PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,
                                                                                Lithuania - Lithuania(n Empire) *{900-
                                                                                918}* Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 45.

901 125  1503 1800  A Jews            E Moldavia, Wallachia, Hungary,       Q
                                        (except for Budapest area),
                                        Slovakia, Bohemia, and Moravia
                                        [area colored yellow on map p. 44
                                        in Lange: Atlas of the Jewish
                                        World].
                                                                                From PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,
                                                                                Lithuania. (For detailed locations see map
                                                                                p. 50 in Atlas of the Jewish World.) *{900-
                                                                                917}* Move inferred from maps on pages 44
                                                                                and 50 in Lange: the Jewish World.

900 921  1503 1800  A Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 50 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} + {Moldavia, Wallachia,
                                        Hungary, (except for Budapest
                                        area), Slovakia, Bohemia, and
                                        Moravia [area colored yellow on
                                        map p. 44 in
                                        Lange: Atlas of the Jewish              For consistency with (900-920), (900-922)
                                        World].} *{900-895} + {901-125}*        and (901-125).

900 924  1600 1700  A Jews            E Copenhagen, DK                      S
                                                                                Not stated from where but they were
                                                                                Sephardic. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

900 925  1600 1970  A Jews            E {Copenhagen, DK} *{900-924}*        L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-924). End
                                                                                date: still there. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                                                                DK: 1930, 6K; 1980, 7K.

900 881  1650 1800  A Jews            E Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg (For      Q
                                        detailed locations see map p. 50
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Little Poland, Galicia & Volhynia.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50.

900 901  1650 1800  A Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  Q
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R + N A, Schleswig, Holstein (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 44, 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} *{900-900}*
                                                                                From Little Poland, Galicia & Volhynia.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50. Refugees from Cossacks.

900 910  1650 1800  A Jews            E England (but not Wales), S          Q
                                        Scotland, Low Countries, & E EI
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        57 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Little Poland, Galicia & Volhynia.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50. Refugees from Cossacks.

900 882  1650 1800  A Jews            E {Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg (For     L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 50
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        881}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-881) and (900-
                                                                                883).

900 911  1650 1970  N Jews            E {England (but not Wales), S         L
                                        Scotland, Low Countries, & E EI
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        57 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}
                                        *{900-910}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-910). End date: still
                                                                                there. NL: 1930, 157K; 1980, 27K. B: 1930,
                                                                                45K; 1980, 33K. UK: 1930, 300K; 1980,
                                                                                350K. EI: 1930, 3.7K; 1980, 2K. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 167.

900 926  1700 1800  A Jews            E S S                                 S
                                                                                Not stated from where but they were
                                                                                Sephardic. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

900 927  1700 1970  A Jews            E {S S} *{900-926}*                   L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-926). End
                                                                                date: still there. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                                                                S: 1930, 6.5K; 1980, 15K.

900 879  1800 1880  A Jews            E Montpellier area (For detailed      E
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From SW F & SE F (For detailed locations
                                                                                see map p. 57 in Atlas of Jewish World).
                                                                                *{900-878}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 883  1800 1880  A Jews            E Seine RV less Paris (For detailed   E
                                        locations see map p. 60 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg (For
                                                                                detailed locations see map p. 50 in Atlas
                                                                                of Jewish World). *{900-882}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 60.

900 902  1800 1880  A Jews            E Rest of D, A, CH not yet covered    E
                                        by area of (900-900) (For detailed
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Much of D & A & CH - A, Silesia &
                                                                                Saxony + E of Elbe R & up to Oder R + N A,
                                                                                Schleswig, Holstein. *{900-900}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 61.

900 922  1800 1880  A Jews            E Russia E of Pale of Settlement      E
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World pp. 57 and 61, respectively.
                                                                                From PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia, Lithuania
                                                                                (For detailed locations see map p. 50 in
                                                                                Atlas of Jewish World.) + Moldavia,
                                                                                Wallachia, Hungary, (except
                                                                                for Budapest area), Slovakia, Bohemia, and
                                                                                Moravia [area colored yellow on map p. 44
                                                                                in Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World].
                                                                                *{900-921}*

900 928  1800 1880  A Jews            E Oslo, Trondheim                     S
                                                                                Not stated from where. Dates inferred from
                                                                                de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World pp. 57
                                                                                and 61, respectively.

900 809  1800 1880  A Jews            E N, C, & S AM (For detailed          T
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To W & SE AM. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 832  1800 1880  N Jews            E W GR (For detailed locations see    T
                                        map p. 61 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From GR including Crete - W GR, W
                                                                                Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C Macedonia &
                                                                                C Thrace + W GR, W Macedonia & Thrace
                                                                                *{900-830}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 864  1800 1880  A Jews            E W BG & SW Croatia (For detailed     T
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To S YU coast & BG + Rest of Balkan S of
                                                                                Sava and Danube RR - W BG & SW Croatia.
                                                                                *{900-865}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 810  1800 1970  N Jews            E {AM - C & E AM + Bosporus + N       L
                                        AM} - {N, C, & S AM} * {900-808} -
                                        {900-809} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 29, 30, 40,
                                        61, in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-809). End date:
                                                                                still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 198. 1930:
                                                                                80K. 1980: 22K.

900 833  1800 1880  N Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace + W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace} - {W GR} *{900-
                                        830} - {900-832}* (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29, 30,
                                        40, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-830), (900-832)
                                                                                and (900-834).

900 865  1800 1880  A Jews            E {S YU coast & BG + Rest of Balkans  L
                                        S of Sava and Danube RR} - {W BG &
                                        SW Croatia} *{900-863} - {900-864}
                                        * (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 40, 57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-864), (900-867)
                                                                                and (900-868).

900 880  1800 1880  A Jews            E {SW F & SE F} + {Montpellier area}  L
                                        *{900-878} + {900-879}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-879). Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 61.

900 892  1800 1881  A Jews            E {Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg} +       L
                                        {Seine RV - Paris} *{900-882} +
                                        {900-883}* (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 50, 60 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-883) and (900-
                                                                                884).

900 903  1800 1970  N Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  L
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R + N A, Schleswig, Holstein} +
                                        {Rest of D, A, CH not yet covered
                                        by area of (900-900)} *{900-900} +
                                        {900-902}* (This is equivalent to
                                        D, A, CH) (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 40, 44, 57, 61 in          For consistency with (900-902). End date:
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)                 still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167. D: 1930,
                                                                                565K; 1980, 34.5K. A: 1930, 250K; 1980,
                                                                                8K. CH: 1930, 18K; 1980, 21K. Includes CS:
                                                                                1930, 357K; 1980, 8K.

900 923  1800 1970  N Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 50 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.) + Moldavia, Wallachia,
                                        Hungary, (except for Budapest
                                        area), Slovakia, Bohemia, and
                                        Moravia [area colored yellow on
                                        map p. 44 in Lange:
                                        Atlas of the Jewish World].} +          Start date to conform to (900-922). End
                                        {Russia E of Pale of Settlement         date: still there. Dates inferred from de
                                        (For detailed locations see map         Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                        p.61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}        RSFR: 1930, 589K; 1980, 700K. Ukraine:
                                        *{900-921} + {900-922}*                 1930, 1544K; 1980, 634K. Byelorussia:
                                                                                1930, 407K; 1980, 135K. Lithuania:
                                                                                1930, 155K; 1980, 15K. Estonia: 1930,
                                                                                4.5K; 1980, 5K. Latvia: 1930, 96K; 1980,
                                                                                28K. SF: 1930, 1.8K; 1980, 1.2K. PL: 1930,
                                                                                3000K; 1980, 5K.

900 929  1800 1970  A Jews            E {Oslo, Trondheim} *{900-928}*       L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-928). End
                                                                                date: still there. N: 1930, 1.5K; 1980,
                                                                                0.9K.

900 834  1880 1930  N Jews            E W GR less Peloponnese (For          E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 67
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From GR including Crete - W GR, W
                                                                                Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C Macedonia &
                                                                                C Thrace + W GR, W Macedonia & Thrace - W
                                                                                GR. *{900-833}* Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 67.

900 856  1880 1930  A Jews            E W Sicily (For detailed locations    E
                                        see map p. 67 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From C & N I (for detailed locations see
                                                                                maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World).
                                                                                *{900-855}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 66.

900 868  1880 1930  A Jews            E {Balkans S of Sava & Danube RR      E
                                        with gaps in Bosnia &
                                        Serbia/Macedonia} - [INTERSECTION
                                        OF ({S YU coast & BG} + {Rest of
                                        Balkans S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        {W BG & SW Croatia}) AND {Balkans
                                        S of Sava & Danube RR with gaps in
                                        Bosnia & Serbia/Macedonia}]
                                        *{900-866} - INTERSECTION OF *          From INTERSECTION OF ({S YU coast & BG} +
                                        *{900-865} AND {900-866} * (For         {Rest of Balkan S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.         {W BG & SW Croatia}) AND {Balkans S of
                                        67, 40, 57, 61 respectively in          Sava & Danube RR with gaps in Bosnia &
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)                 Serbia/Macedonia} * INTERSECTION OF {900-
                                                                                865} AND {900-866}* Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 67.

900 884  1880 1914  N Jews            E F (For detailed locations see map   Q
                                        p. 66 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Pale of Settlement. Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 62.

900 904  1880 1914  N Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  Q
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R + N A, Schleswig, Holstein +
                                        Rest of D, A, CH not yet covered
                                        by area of (900-900) (This is
                                        equivalent to D, A, CH) (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 44, 57,
                                        61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}          From Pale of Settlement. Dates inferred
                                        *{900-903}*                             from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 62.

900 912  1880 1914  N Jews            E {England (but not Wales), S         Q
                                        Scotland, Low Countries, & E EI
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        50 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}
                                        *{900-910}*
                                                                                From Pale of Settlement. Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 62.

900 867  1880 1930  A Jews            E ({S YU coast & BG} + {Rest of       T
                                        Balkans S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        {W BG & SW Croatia}) -
                                        [INTERSECTION OF ({S YU coast &
                                        BG} + {Rest of Balkans S of Sava
                                        and Danube RR} - {W BG & SW
                                        Croatia}) AND {Balkans S of Sava &
                                        Danube RR with gaps
                                        in Bosnia & Serbia/Macedonia}]          To INTERSECTION OF ({S YU coast & BG} +
                                        *{900-865} - INTERSECTION OF *          {Rest of Balkan S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        *{900-865} AND {900-866} * (For         {W BG & SW Croatia}) AND {Balkans S of
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.         Sava & Danube RR with gaps in Bosnia &
                                        40, 57, 61, 67 in Atlas of Jewish       Serbia/Macedonia} * INTERSECTION OF {900-
                                        World.)                                 865} AND {900-866}* Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 67.

900 835  1880 1970  N Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace + W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace - W GR. (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        25, 29, 30, 40, 61 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)} +
                                        {W GR less Peloponnese (For             For consistency with (900-834). End date:
                                        detailed locations see map p. 67        still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-      Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                        833} + {900-834}*                       1930:73K. 1980:5K.

900 857  1880 1970  A Jews            E {C & N I (For detailed locations    L
                                        see maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)} + {W Sicily} *{900-
                                        855} + {900-856}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-856). Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 167. 1930: 47K. 1980: 32K.
                                                                                Map on p. 167 does not show population in
                                                                                Sicily.

900 866  1880 1970  A Jews            E Balkans S of Sava & Danube RR with  L
                                        gaps in Bosnia & Serbia/Macedonia
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        67 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-867) and (900-
                                                                                868), and end date inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167. BG:
                                                                                1930, 46K; 1980, 5K. YU: 1930, 68K; 1980,
                                                                                50K.

900 885  1880 1970  N Jews            E {F (For detailed locations see map  L
                                        p. 66 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}
                                        *{900-884}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-884). End date:
                                                                                still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167. 1930:
                                                                                230K, 1980: 600K (But these include large
                                                                                numbers of N Africans, ca 300K).

347  56  1933 1939  N Jews            E PL, F, CH, B, GB                    Q
                                                                                70K (= 290K less 220K overseas) refugees
                                                                                from Nazis from D.

364   9   400 1000  A Jotwings        B Present border area of E PL, W      L
                                        Belorussia, & SW Lithuania W of
                                        Nemunas R.
                                                                                Gens name synonymous with Jatvingians,
                                                                                Sudorians, according to Geipel.

388  36  -800 -600  N Juchnov         U Desna & Oka RR area, S of Moscow,   L
                                        SU, see map 18a (36);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date acc/to (387-38).

 12  87    50 600   A Jutes           G In Jutland N of Barvithsysael       L
                                        district.
                                                                                Only parts moved. End date approximate to
                                                                                correspond to their Danicization.

 12  90   350 475   A Jutes           G Dutch coast                         Q
                                                                                From area in Jutland N of Barvithsysael
                                                                                district. *{12-87}*

900 589   350 600   A Jutes           G {Dutch coast} *{12-90}*             L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-90). End date
                                                                                approximate, absorbed by Franks (acc/to
                                                                                ref 12).

 11 143   450 500   A Jutes           G Kent, Isle of Wight, Hampshire      Q
                                                                                From the Dutch coast. *{12-90}*

900 590   450 600   A Jutes           G {Kent, Isle of Wight, Hampshire}    L
                                        *{11-143}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (11-143). End date
                                                                                approximate. Merged with Angles & Saxons.

194  21   550 600   A Jutes           G NL & Gaul                           A
                                                                                From area in Jutland N of Barvithsysael
                                                                                district. *{12-87}*

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