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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

 27  12  -800 -700  A Cadurci         K Lot, F                              L

352   8   -60 100   A Caeroesi        G Eifel Mt area N of Moselle R, W D.  L
                                                                                An 'unmixed' German tribe, according to
                                                                                map legend. End date acc/to (353-21).

900 335  -500 -400  A Calabri         Y Calabria, I                         L
                                                                                Acc/to (46-14) they came from S Serbia,
                                                                                defined by Novi Pazar, Nis, Stalac, Titov
                                                                                Veles, Prizren (See foldout map, end of
                                                                                book, xeroxed). (Subtribe of Dardanians).
                                                                                However, we feel this is too uncertain to
                                                                                enter as a migration record.

232  13  -200 1     A Calaeci         K N P (N of Oporto), Galicia, E       L
                                                                                Conquered by Romans shortly after 137 BC.
                                                                                Dates are very conservative bounds.
                                                                                Probably there much earlier. Syn.
                                                                                Gallaeci. End date guess about Strabo (231-
                                                                                4).

 27 148  -400 200   A Caledonians     U Scotland                            L
                                                                                End date to conform to arrival of Scoti in
                                                                                Scotland (11-154). Syn. Picts acc/to this
                                                                                author.

 27 149  -200 -100  A Caledonians     U Scotland                            I
                                                                                By Brythonic speaking Celts. In part only.

 27 183   200 350   A Caledonians     U Scotland                            I
                                                                                Date changed to conform to (11-154). By
                                                                                Scoti.

900 251  -600 -100  A Callipidae      R Lower Bug R region extending W to   L
                                        lower Dnestr R.
                                                                                Acc/to (234-10) and (367-4). Helleno-
                                                                                Scythians acc/to Herodotus.

369   7   200 300   A Calucones       U Elbe & Mulde RR area due E of       L
                                        Halle, DDR.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

900 510   -20 400   A Cannenefates    G W Frisian coast; see Abb 64 at      L
                                        p.288 in ref 184.
                                                                                Acc/to (184-11). End date to conform to
                                                                                (12-186). Believed branch of Chatti (12-
                                                                                178). Must have moved to this location
                                                                                from earlier homes (perhaps (12-176)), but
                                                                                no ref to this found.

 12 186   400 #     N Cannenefates    G N of old Rhine along seashore       I
                                                                                By Franks.

231   7  -100 1     A Cantabri        K N Coast betw Villaviciosa & Castro- L
                                        Urdiales (E).

 27 162  -100 -75   A Cantii          K Betw S & W of Ardennes, B and the   L
                                        mouth of the Seine R
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess based on
                                                                                ref. End date to conform to (27-164).

 27 164   -75 #     N Cantii          K Kent, UK                            M
                                                                                From between S & W of Ardennes, B, and the
                                                                                mouth of the Seine R *{27-162}*

900 947   -75 50    A Cantii          K {Kent, UK} *{27-164}*               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-164). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

 53  22  -600 -500  A Caristii        K Duero (Douro) RV                    M
                                                                                From N of Pyrenees.

900 310  -400 -200  A Carni           K {Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in  L
                                        NW Slovenija (YU) near town of
                                        Kranj)} *{900-309}*
                                                                                Acc/to (133-3). May be Kelticized earlier
                                                                                Illyrian population by analogy with (900-
                                                                                308).

 27 105  -200 #     A Carni           K S side of Julic Alps                E
                                                                                From Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in NW
                                                                                Slovenija (YU) near town of Kranj) *{900-
                                                                                310}* Displacing Veneti.

900 311  -200 1     A Carni           K {Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in  L
                                        NW Slovenija (YU) near town of
                                        Kranj)} + {S side of Julic Alps}
                                        *{900-310} + {27-105}*
                                                                                End date approximate Roman conquest (ref
                                                                                27).

391  15   300 400   N CarpathianKurha U Carpathian Mtn area, R, see map     L
                                        22a (17); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: "Carpathian Kurhanu." Culture.

231  16  -100 50    A Carpetani       U Toledo,part of Madrid&Guadalajara   L
                                        regions (E).
                                                                                Iberians.

900 286  -200 200   A Carpi           P Upper Tisza R                       L
                                                                                Dacian tribe; end date because of ref (110-
                                                                                45). We are not totally certain that their
                                                                                location is correct.

900 287   200 #     A Carpi           P E Carpathian Mts                    M
                                                                                Acc/to (110-45) and other sources. Due to
                                                                                disturbance by Goths. From Upper Tisza R.
                                                                                *{900-286}*

900 288   200 284   A Carpi           P {E Carpathian Mts} *{900-287}*      L
                                                                                Acc/to (110-45) and (40-103).

 40  88   211 271   N Carpi           P Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                Repeated attacks; from E Carpathian Mts.
                                                                                *{900-288}*

  1  11   238 248   N Carpi           P Dacia & Illyria                     A
                                                                                From E Carpathian Mts. *{900-288}*

190  10   248 #     N Carpi           P Moesia & Thrace RPP                 A
                                                                                From E Carpathian Mts. *{900-288}*

 40 103   284 305   N Carpi           P Moesia & Pannonia RPP               R
                                                                                From E Carpathian Mts. *{900-288}*

900 937  -814 -146  N Carthaginians   E Utica, also other cities in N.      L
                                        Africa: Hippo Diarrhytos
                                        (Bizerte), Hippo Regius (nr Annaba
                                        or Bone, Algeria), Hadrumetum
                                        (Susa, Sousse), Carthage (not just
                                        cities; country as drawn in
                                        Putzger, p. 22.)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (25-2). End date:
                                                                                destruction by Romans. City of Carthage
                                                                                leveled, people sold into slavery. But
                                                                                surrounding population must have remained
                                                                                since some Tunisian peasants spoke Punic
                                                                                (Carthaginian) into 6th c AD
                                                                                according to the Encyclopedia Brittanica.

225   4  -800 -700  A Carthaginians   E Malta                               S
                                                                                From Carthage. Encyclopedia Brittanica
                                                                                states that there is greater evidence of
                                                                                their presence in 6th c BC.

 53   2  -600 -500  A Carthaginians   E Mod. Andalusia up to Cape of Nao    C
                                        at maximal extents. (Equivalent to
                                        (228-2).)
                                                                                From Carthage. Subjugated primitive
                                                                                Phoenician colonies (acc/to (231-18)).

900 934  -600 -236  A Carthaginians   E {S & E Iberia, Ancient Tartessus    L
                                        (area of Lower Guadalquivir R).}
                                        *{228-2}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (53-2). End date acc/to
                                                                                (900-931). Population includes Phoenicians
                                                                                who preceded them (900-933).

900 939  -573 -25   A Carthaginians   E {Lixus (Larache in Spanish          L
                                        Morocco) (see p. 22 in Putzger)}
                                        *{900-938}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-938). Part of
                                                                                Carthaginian Empire. Became Roman Province
                                                                                in 25 BC after the fall of Carthage proper
                                                                                in 146 BC.

900 941  -573 -241  N Carthaginians   E {NW Sicily e.g. Motye (Motya, San   L
                                        Pantaleo), Soloeis (Solunto),
                                        Panormos (Palermo).} *{25-5}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-940). End date Roman
                                                                                conquest, see Putzger p. 22.

900 943  -573 -238  N Carthaginians   E {Sardinia: Sulcis, Caralis Nora,    L
                                        Tharros.} *{225-5}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-942). End date Roman
                                                                                conquest, see Putzger p. 22.

372   1  -500 -400  N Carthaginians   E NW Sicily (see map ref 372)         C
                                                                                From Carthage. Phoenicians already there.

900 930  -500 #     A Carthaginians   E Coastal Corsica                     S
                                                                                From Carthage. Probably got there earlier
                                                                                but we cannot locate a dated record. Given
                                                                                as located there in (320-20).

900 944  -500 -238  A Carthaginians   E {Coastal Corsica} *{900-930}*       L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-930). End date
                                                                                Roman conquest, see Putzger p. 22.

372   5  -409 #     N Carthaginians   E Himera, NC Sicily                   A
                                                                                Destroyed the city. From Carthage or NW
                                                                                Sicily.

372   7  -405 #     N Carthaginians   E Gela, SE Sicily                     A
                                                                                Sacked the city. From Carthage or NW
                                                                                Sicily.

372   6  -405 #     N Carthaginians   E Acragas, SC Sicily                  C
                                                                                From Carthage or NW Sicily.

900 931  -236 -218  N Carthaginians   E E Spain (see Putzger p. 22 pale     C
                                        blue area)
                                                                                From N Africa (with an army of Lybians,
                                                                                see (232-9)). Start date acc/to (231-19).
                                                                                End date acc/to Putzger p. 22.

900 932  -236 -206  N Carthaginians   E {S & E Iberia, Ancient Tartessus    L
                                        (area of Lower Guadalquivir R).} +
                                        {E Spain (see Putzger p. 22 pale
                                        blue area)} *{228-2} + {900-931}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-931). End
                                                                                date defeat by Romans. Armies left but
                                                                                colonies remained and became romanized.

165  91  -218 -201  N Carthaginians   E I                                   A
                                                                                From E & N Africa. Army included Lybians
                                                                                and mercenaries from Iberian peninsula
                                                                                (Celtiberians).

388  30  -700 -600  N Castellieri     U Area betw Pula (Istria) & Sava R    L
                                        in NW YU, see map 18a (29);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

383  31 -1800 -1675 N Castellucio     U Sicily & "toe" of I, see map 13a    L
                                        (27); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolation between
                                                                                this record and (384-17).

384  47 -1675 -1550 N Castellucio     U Sicily, "toe" of I, see map 14a     L
                                        (39); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolation between
                                                                                this record and (383-31). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (383-31).

228  10  -800 -600  A Castro          U P N of Tejo R                       L
                                                                                The castle culture of P, believed to be
                                                                                pre-Celtic indigenous people later
                                                                                overlain with Celtic and Roman admixture.

383  36 -1850 -1700 N Catacomb        U S SU betw Volga & Dnestr RR,        L
                                        seemap 13a (32); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (382-13) (Jamov-Catacomb).

900 336     1 150   A Catari          Y {Area around Emona (mod.            L
                                        Ljubljana; Pannonia RP)} *{110-30}*
                                                                                For consistency with (110-30). They are a
                                                                                tribe of Pannonians. Start date uncertain.
                                                                                (Location given in next unabstracted ref
                                                                                in book containing ref 110, p.141.)

110  30   150 200   A Catari          Y Area around Emona (mod. Ljubljana;  I
                                        Pannonia RP)
                                                                                By Romans. Perhaps the Istrian Catali?
                                                                                (Location given in next unabstracted ref
                                                                                in same book, p.141.)

349   3  -100 1     N Cattenati       K nr Bad Toelz, Bavaria, D            L

 27 163  -100 -75   A Catuvellauni    K {Betw S & W of Ardennes, B and the  L
                                        mouth of the Seine R} *{27-162}*
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess based on
                                                                                ref. End date to conform to (27-165).

 27 165   -75 #     N Catuvellauni    K Hertfordshire & Cambridgeshire, UK  M

900 948   -75 50    A Catuvellauni    K {Hertfordshire & Cambridgeshire,    L
                                        UK} *{27-165}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-165). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

 27  21  -800 -100  A Cavares         K Rhone R                             L
                                                                                Possibly Celticized Aboriginal population.
                                                                                End date from comment next to (225-17).

307   7  -600 100   A Celtiberians    U C E (see map, ref 307)              L
                                                                                End date to conform to (53-32).

 53  32   100 200   A Celtiberians    U Ref states NC E; we will useC E     I
                                        (see map, ref 307) (=(307-7))
                                                                                By Romans.

133  15     1 200   A Celto-Illyrians U Lower A                             L
                                                                                Mixed Celtic-Illyrian pop with some Roman
                                                                                admixture.

900 987 -1000 #     A Celts           K Britain & Ireland                   Q
                                                                                From the continent. Acc/to (27-1), (143-
                                                                                3). The times of these entries are wild
                                                                                guesses by me based on the text and other
                                                                                sources. Will be corrected when other
                                                                                references are used. Depends also on
                                                                                whether Britons are believed to have
                                                                                preceeded the Goidelics.

 27  39  -800 #     A Celts           K Normandy, Picardie                  Q
                                                                                From NL.

 19   5  -800 -600  A Celts           K Bohemia & Moravia                   L
                                                                                Inferred from Hallstatt finds. End date
                                                                                connects with Boii (307-10).

900 988  -800 -400  A Celts           K A                                   L
                                                                                Inferred from Hallstatt finds. End date
                                                                                connect with Norici (900-308).

143   3  -750 #     A Celts           K England                             Q
                                                                                From Dutch coast.

900 990  -750 -300  A Celts           K England (from Exeter in SW to       L
                                        Scarborough in NE; acc/to (44-9))
                                                                                Record created to secure continuous
                                                                                occupation by Celts from initial arrival
                                                                                (start date, (143-3)) to arrival and
                                                                                location of named tribes (end date, e.g.
                                                                                (27-138)).

181   5  -700 -50   A Celts           K S NL                                Q
                                                                                From W & S D. Marginal Celtic groups
                                                                                evidenced by Hallstatt & Latene finds.

228   3  -700 -600  A Celts           K Catalonia, Almeria, Galicia,        L
                                        central Iberia (E)
                                                                                Author does not clearly state that they
                                                                                were Celts. They could have been Iberians.
                                                                                Hallstatt culture, first iron age.

230  24  -600 -500  A Celts           K Tartessos & Gades (Cadiz)           Q
                                                                                From North presumably.

126   8  -600 -200  A Celts           K P                                   L
                                                                                Period of time refers to 'dominion' of
                                                                                Celts in P, residential period may be
                                                                                wider. Specific named groups (Cempsi,
                                                                                Saefes) are located in a much narrower
                                                                                time and space frame.

182  12  -500 -200  A Celts           K S. Thuringia (Orlagau) (area nr     L
                                        Roemhild (TA p. 55))
                                                                                Start date: start of La Tene.

182  14  -500 -50   A Celts           K N of Thuringian forest nr           L
                                        Arnstadt, Erfurt district, DDR
                                                                                Start date: start of La Tene. Small groups.

320   4  -500 -400  A Celts           K Area along Gulf of Venice, & E of   L
                                        Tagliamento R, N I & YU.
                                                                                End date to conform to (165-11).

140   7  -475 #     A Celts           K S & E Britain                       Q
                                                                                From F, B, NL. Called British Iron Age A
                                                                                culture. It is a Hallstatt culture. Author
                                                                                says this migration was by greater numbers
                                                                                than earlier ones.

 40  49  -420 -400  A Celts           K Transilvania                        Q
                                                                                From Bohemia & Moravia, acc/to (143-42).

132   3  -400 -300  A Celts           K W & C H                             Q
                                                                                From Rhineland, NE Bavaria, NW Bohemia.
                                                                                Small part of 300K (greater part to I).

 40  50  -390 #     A Celts           K Illyria                             A
                                                                                From E Alps. Put pressure on the Illyrians.

143  39  -300 #     A Celts           K Clusium (Chiusi) & Sentinum (43     A
                                        deg 20' N, 12 deg 44' E), I
                                                                                From N of Alps. Referred to as 'Gallier'
                                                                                in ref.

 17  24  -300 -275  A Celts           K Ebro R, Algarve, Salamanca          Q
                                                                                From F. Start date acc/to (128-27).

900 992  -290 -284  N Celts           K W Ukraine, S PL, Bessarabia         
                                                                                From C Europe. Record synthesized from (38-
                                                                                4) and (234-21).

 40  58  -278 -212  N Celts           K Thrace from Strymon R to Black Sea  Q
                                        until lower Hebros R & thence to
                                        Byzantion.
                                                                                From C Europe. Celtic kingdom of Tylis.

143  49  -278 -193  N Celts           K {Thrace from Strymon R to Black     L
                                        Sea until lower Hebros R & thence
                                        to Byzantion.} *{40-58}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (40-58). Ref states
                                                                                rapidly Hellenized by Greek Byzantines.

 27  93  -250 #     A Celts           K Lower Danube R                      A
                                                                                From Thrace from Strymon R to Black Sea
                                                                                until lower Hebros R & thence to Byzantion
                                                                                *{40-58}*

 27  95  -225 #     A Celts           K NE of Dobrugea                      A
                                                                                From Balkans.

165  92  -186 #     N Celts           K Aquileia (Friulia)                  Q
                                                                                Not stated from where. Probably from
                                                                                Pannonia, or Illyria.

 27 168  -100 1     A Celts           K N I                                 I
                                                                                By Romans.

133   9     1 100   A Celts           K Lower A S of Danube                 I
                                                                                By Romans.

 11 159   500 600   A Celts           K Galicia, Seine estuary              Q
                                                                                From Britain. A trickle.

 27  43  -800 -700  A Cempsi          K NE NL                               L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date: date of
                                                                                migration to France. Pushed out by
                                                                                Germanic tribes.

143  26  -700 -650  A Cempsi          K Landes, F                           M
                                                                                From NE NL, whence they were displaced by
                                                                                Germanic tribes. In turn they displaced
                                                                                the Pelendoni.

900 959  -700 -650  A Cempsi          K {Landes, F} *{143-26}*              L
                                                                                For consistency with (143-26) to (900-960).

900 960  -650 #     A Cempsi          K Castilian High Plains               M
                                                                                Necessitated by (27-125).

900 961  -650 -600  A Cempsi          K {Castilian High Plains} *{900-960}* L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-960) and (27-
                                                                                125).

 27 125  -600 -550  A Cempsi          K Estremadura & S P                   M
                                                                                From Castilian High Plains *{900-961}*

900 962  -600 -550  A Cempsi          K Estremadura & S P *{27-125}*        L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-125) and (27-126).

 27 126  -550 -500  A Cempsi          K Andalusia                           M
                                                                                From Estremadura & S P *{27-125}*

900 963  -550 -450  A Cempsi          K {Andalusia} *{27-126}*              I
                                                                                By Tartessians. Acc/to (27-126).

143  36  -400 -375  A Cenomani        K Area spanned by Brixia(Brescia),    M
                                        Bergomum (Bergamo), Verona, I
                                                                                Source area not stated exactly. By
                                                                                implication either from central Gaul or
                                                                                Moselle-Rhine R area.

900 973  -400 -190  A Cenomani        K {Area spanned by Brixia (Brescia),  L
                                        Bergomum (Bergamo), Verona, I}
                                        *{143-36}*
                                                                                End date: Defeat of Celts by Romans. Many
                                                                                must have stayed and become assimilated.

165  25  -100 -1    A Cerauni         Y E Dalmatia RP area of Kresevo &     L
                                        Fojnice, under jurisdiction of
                                        Narona (Vid nr Metkovic).
                                                                                Dates chosen to bracket establishment of
                                                                                Dalmatia RP.

901 121 -2300 -1600 A Cernavoda       U Dobrugea & lower Danube R           L
                                                                                Culture. For consistency with (48-1),
                                                                                which reports a migration but before 2200
                                                                                BC.

173  15 -1900 -1700 A Cernavoda       U Valachia (ROM)                      L
                                                                                Culture.

387  32  -800 -700  N Cernolesk       U Ukraine, see map 17a (30);          L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 13  22   100 450   A Cernyachov      U Ukrainian plain forest steppes;     L
                                        from Carpathians until Dnepr-Don
                                        RR watershed, up to Sarmatian
                                        cultures in S, up to simple
                                        cultures of forest areas in N.
                                        (For map see Vana: World of
                                        Ancient Slavs, p. 17.)
                                                                                Believed to be polyethnic with S, G,
                                                                                Dacian-Getic, Sarmatian and possibly late
                                                                                Scythian components. Start date acc/to
                                                                                (134-4) and (169-102). End date compromise
                                                                                between (134-4) and (169-102). Ref (148-1)
                                                                                says there were also Slavs. Culture.

230   1  -800 50    A Cerretani       U Pyrenean RVV of Catalonia (E) (see  L
                                        Fig. 1, map)
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-8). These are
                                                                                Iberians. Syn. Ceretes.

355   2  -100 1     N Ceutrones       U E of Haute-Savoie area, S of L      L
                                        Geneva, around Chamonix-Mont-Blanc
                                        (Alpes Pennines).
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

312  13  -605 #     N Chaldeans       E Ancient Carchemish, TR (see         A
                                        Putzger p. 4)
                                                                                From Babylonia. Was led by Nabopolassar,
                                                                                who had seized Kingship of Babylonia in
                                                                                625 BC; & was joined by Medes & Scythians;
                                                                                ending the last organized Assyrian
                                                                                resistance. Chaldean language = Urartian,
                                                                                related to Hurrian, which is an
                                                                                unaffiliated language.

 36   4   896 907   N Chalisen        R H                                   M
                                                                                Came from Chorezm and spoke Iranian
                                                                                language. Accompanied the Magyars during
                                                                                their landtaking.

900 553   -50 -12   A Chamavi         G Veluwe Region of NL (nr Apeldoorn.  L
                                        See Westermann's Hausatlas, p.6,
                                        E4.)
                                                                                Location mentioned by R. Much, by
                                                                                implication also (12-205).

 12 205   -12 #     N Chamavi         G Modern Overijssel Province (NL)     M
                                                                                From Veluwe Region of NL (nr Apeldoorn.
                                                                                See Westermann's Hausatlas, p.6, E4.)
                                                                                *{900-553}*

900 554   -12 97    N Chamavi         G {Modern Overijssel Province (NL)}   L
                                        *{12-205}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-205) & (12-206).

 12 206    97 #     N Chamavi         G Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR        E
                                                                                From modern Overijssel Province (NL). *{12-
                                                                                205}* Area taken from Bructeri, which the
                                                                                latter had previously taken from the
                                                                                Usipii.

900 555    97 400   A Chamavi         G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR}      L
                                        *{12-206}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-206). End date
                                                                                acc/to (2-14). They become part of Franks.

352  14   -60 50    A Charudes        G E of Rhine R around Freiburg, SW D. L
                                                                                An 'unmixed' German tribe, according to
                                                                                map legend. End date acc/to (361-13).

 12  99   -27 50    N Chasuarii       G Along Hase R, tributary of Ems R    L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (183-21). End date
                                                                                acc/to (187-10).

 12 176  -200 -100  N Chatti          G Middle & Upper Ruhr R               L
                                                                                This is only reference locating them
                                                                                there. Other sources cite their early home
                                                                                as unknown.

 12 177  -100 #     N Chatti          G Eder & Diemel RR also Fulda + Lahn  M
                                        RR.
                                                                                From Middle & Upper Ruhr R. *{12-176}*
                                                                                Fulda + Lahn RR added to conform to later
                                                                                refs (e.g. (186-3)).

900 507  -100 700   A Chatti          G {Eder & Diemel RR also Fulda +      L
                                        Lahn RR.} *{12-177}*
                                                                                Summary of several refs (183-16), (189-6),
                                                                                (186-3), (187-17), (197-6). End date very
                                                                                problematical (see (197-8)). Probably
                                                                                became Hessians (see (189-6)). Assimilated
                                                                                in Frankish Empire.

197   1    40 #     A Chatti          G Lower Main R area                   A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

197   2    51 #     N Chatti          G E Gaul                              A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

197   3   162 #     N Chatti          G Germania Superior RP & Raetia RP    A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

197   4   213 #     N Chatti          G Agri Decumates                      A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

190   4   231 #     N Chatti          G Germania inf. RP                    A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

900 513    50 200   A Chattuarii      G Between Upper Ems and Upper Ruhr    L
                                        RR.
                                                                                Acc/to (184-12), (12-203), (187-5). End
                                                                                date pure guess. Believed descendants of
                                                                                Marsi (acc/to (12-191)).

900 514   200 #     A Chattuarii      G {Xanthen including areas to the     M
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede.} *{2-17}*
                                                                                Necessary to locate them at (2-17) (which
                                                                                is also corroborated by R. Much). Date is
                                                                                a pure guess. From area between Upper Ems
                                                                                and Upper Ruhr RR. *{900-513}*

  2  17   200 450   A Chattuarii      G Xanthen including areas to the      L
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede.
                                                                                Start date pure guess, to conform to (900-
                                                                                514). They amalgamated with the Franks.

184   9   -25 58    A Chauci          G Coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe RR.  L
                                                                                End date acc/to (12-100). Acc/to (12-97),
                                                                                divided into Lesser Chauci W of Weser R,
                                                                                Greater Chauci E of Weser.

 12 100    58 #     N Chauci          G Lower Ems R & Hase R tributary of   E
                                        Ems R. (Lands of the Amsivarii &
                                        Chasuarii.)
                                                                                From coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe RR.
                                                                                *{184-9}*

900 556    58 90    A Chauci          G {Coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe     L
                                        RR.} + {Lower Ems R & Hase R
                                        tributary of Ems R. (Lands of the
                                        Amsivarii & Chasuarii.)} *{184-9}
                                        + {12-100}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-100) & (12-101).

 12 101    90 #     A Chauci          G W of Oker R Land of the Cherusci.   E
                                        Also into the land of the
                                        Angrivarii. (See ref 183, Abb 4,
                                        p.48.)
                                                                                From Lower Ems R & Hase R tributary of Ems
                                                                                R. (Lands of the Amsivarii & Chasuarii.)
                                                                                *{12-100}*

900 557    90 200   A Chauci          G {Coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe     L
                                        RR. + Lower Ems R & Hase R
                                        tributary of Ems R. (Lands of the
                                        Amsivarii & Chasuarii.)} + {W of
                                        Oker R Land of the Cherusci. Also
                                        into the land of the Angrivarii.
                                        (See ref 183, Abb 4, p.48.)} *{900-
                                        556} +
                                        {12-101}*                               For consistency with (12-101). End date by
                                                                                implication acc/to (188-3).

188   3   175 #     N Chauci          G Gaul                                A
                                                                                From coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe RR. +
                                                                                Lower Ems R & Hase R tributary of Ems R.
                                                                                (Lands of the Amsivarii & Chasuarii.) + W
                                                                                of Oker R (Land of the Cherusci). Also
                                                                                into the land of the Angrivarii. (See ref
                                                                                183, Abb 4, p.48.) *{900-557}*

187  14  -100 400   A Cherusci        G Betw Teutoburger Forest & Harz Mts  L
                                        on both sides of middle Weser R &
                                        Leine R. N boundary is Steinhuder
                                        Meer (a lake) & S boundary is
                                        Muenden (acc/to (12-119)).
                                                                                End date acc/to (194-29). Joined Saxon
                                                                                Federation.

900 312 -1200 -1100 A Chonii          Y Albania                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (157-7).

157   7 -1100 -1000 A Chonii          Y E I (probably Apulia)               M
                                                                                From Albania. *{900-312}*

900 313 -1100 -900  N Chonii          Y {E I (probably Apulia)} *{157-7}*   L
                                                                                End date unknown.

328   5  1054 1242  N Chudes          F Area around N (Severnaja) Dvina &   L
                                        Vaga RR, N SU.
                                                                                Group of early 'Baltic Finns'.

302  27   800 900   A Chutici         S E of Merseburg to Mulde R, DDR      L
                                                                                Part of Lausitz Serbs or Sorbs. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

169  37   900 1700  A Chuvash         T Betw Volga & Belaja RR; on right    L
                                        bank of Volga R, not W of Sura R.
                                                                                Originated from Bulgars & Finno-Ugrians
                                                                                acc/to (229-8). End date fictitious, based
                                                                                on comment in ref that earlier and modern
                                                                                areas differ. Beginning date acc/to (229-
                                                                                8).

900 412  1700 #     N Chuvash         T {Betw Volga & Belaja RR; on right   T
                                        bank of Volga R, not W of Sura
                                        R} - {Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR
                                        Bashkir ASSR, Kujbysev and
                                        Uljanovsk districts of RSFSR. (See
                                        fig 11, ref 169 for part of this
                                        area.)} *{169-37} - {229-5}*
                                                                                Time fictitious (see (169-37)). To conform
                                                                                to (229-5).  To Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR,
                                                                                Bashkir ASSR, Kubysev and Uljanvsk
                                                                                districts of RSFSR. (See Fig.11, ref 169
                                                                                for part of this area.) *{229-5}*

229   5  1700 1970  N Chuvash         T Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR Bashkir    L
                                        ASSR, Kujbysev and Uljanovsk
                                        districts of RSFSR. (See fig 11,
                                        ref 169 for part of this area.)
                                                                                Author states that originated from Finno-
                                                                                Ugrian speaking tribes of the Middle Volga
                                                                                R and Turkic speaking Bulgars or Bolgars
                                                                                (amalgamated during Middle Ages acc/to
                                                                                E). The following figures are the numbers
                                                                                of Chuvash in the designated
                                                                                areas (1979 census). The percentages are
                                                                                the percent of the population of area that
                                                                                is Chuvash. Only European areas given:
                                                                                Chuvash ASSR 888K (68.4 percent) Tatar
                                                                                ASSR 147K (4.3 percent) Bashkir ASSR 122K
                                                                                (3.2 percent) RSFSR 533K (1.2
                                                                                percent; percent not quite correct).

 12  61  -250 250   A Cimbri          G NE Jutland in area called           L
                                        Himmerland.
                                                                                Some left behind after main mass of people
                                                                                left in 2nd c BC. End date is beyond 5 AD
                                                                                (acc/to (12-82)) b no later than entrance
                                                                                of Danes in 6th C.

 12  64  -120 #     A Cimbri          G Bohemia up Elbe R to Saxony,        A
                                        crossed Ore Mts. into Bohemia.
                                                                                Cimbri, Teutones, Ambrones travelled in
                                                                                concert for a long time. They left Jutland
                                                                                and surrounding areas because of presumed
                                                                                catastrophic tidal floods in the 2nd C BC.
                                                                                They are repulsed by Boii in Bohemia.

 12  68  -114 #     A Cimbri          G Bosnia & Serbia along lower Save R  A
                                        up to Morava R.
                                                                                From Jutland. Repulsed by Scordisci.

132   6  -114 #     N Cimbri          G W H                                 A
                                                                                From Jutland, repulsed by (? Boii,
                                                                                Taurisci).

 11  10  -113 #     N Cimbri          G Noreia Roman fortress in            A
                                        Carinthia, A.
                                                                                Defeated the Romans. From Jutland.

900 468  -113 -101  N Cimbri          G S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, +     W
                                        Noricum, Gaul, and Spain. (See ref
                                        182, Abb 51.)
                                                                                Coming from Jutland via Bohemia & Save-
                                                                                Drave area.

 11  14  -101 #     N Cimbri          G Vercelli (Piedmont, I)              A
                                                                                Defeated and destroyed by Romans. From
                                                                                S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, + Noricum,
                                                                                Gaul, and Spain. (See ref 182, Abb 51.)
                                                                                *{900-468}*

 37   3 -2000 -800  A Cimmerians      R Betw lower Danube & Caucasus Mts    L
                                                                                This is Gimbutas' hypothesis concerning
                                                                                the people who produced the North Pontic
                                                                                culture. Pushed out by Scythians.

900 223 -1000 #     A Cimmerians      R {C Balkans See map 6, p.119 under   Q
                                        Basarabi & Bosut cultures.} *{108-
                                        10}*
                                                                                To allow for (108-10). From area betw
                                                                                lower Danube & Caucasus Mts. *{37-3}*

108  10 -1000 -650  A Cimmerians      R C Balkans See map 6, p.119 under    L
                                        Basarabi & Bosut cultures.
                                                                                Sometimes called Thraco-Cimmerians but
                                                                                author questions Thraco part. Upper limit
                                                                                of early iron age.

129   4  -900 -800  A Cimmerians      R Transcaucasia (area S of Caucasus). E
                                                                                From Pontic area (N & NE of Black Sea).

901 216  -900 -800  A Cimmerians      R {E R, E BG, S SU, around Black Sea  Q
                                        and N as far as Kiev, SU.} *{305-
                                        8}*
                                                                                Acc/to (119-16). From area betw lower
                                                                                Danube & Caucasus Mts. *{37-3}*

305   8  -900 -600  A Cimmerians      R E R, E BG, S SU, around Black Sea   L
                                        and N as far as Kiev, SU.

113   2  -800 -700  A Cimmerians      R Transylvania, Oltenia, Banat        W
                                                                                From steppes N of Black Sea.

221   8  -714 #     N Cimmerians      R Urartu (S of L Van, TR)             C
                                                                                From Transcaucasia.

313  15  -705 #     N Cimmerians      R Cappadocia, AM                      A
                                                                                Clashed with Assyria en route to W
                                                                                Anatolia. From Urartu (S of L Van, TR).
                                                                                *{221-8}*

 40  13  -704 -681  N Cimmerians      R Phrygia, AM (For definition of      C
                                        area, see (221-10).)
                                                                                From Urartu (S of L Van, TR). *{221-8}*

900 224  -704 -635  A Cimmerians      R Phrygia (AM)                        L
                                                                                Acc/to (122-13). Pushed out by Scythians.

 40  15  -700 #     A Cimmerians      R Bosporus, AM via Balkans            A
                                                                                This is a second group of Cimmerians,
                                                                                attacking from the west.

 40  20  -700 -650  A Cimmerians      R Kyzikos, Chalcedon, Sinope,         A
                                        Trapezunt (Trapezus) & other
                                        Ionian cities of (N) AM. (Includes
                                        Miletus, Smyrna acc/to (221-11).)
                                                                                From Phrygia & Lydia, AM.

 47  79  -700 -650  A Cimmerians      R Macedonia & C Epirus                A
                                                                                From Balkans.

221  12  -679 #     N Cimmerians      R Khupishna (in or nr Taurus Mts)     A
                                                                                From Phrygia. Defeated and dispersed by
                                                                                Assyrian King Esarhaddon (Assarhaddon).

119  20  -669 -627  A Cimmerians      R Cilicia (AM)                        A
                                                                                From Phrygia. Defeated and dispersed by
                                                                                Assyrians under Assurbanipal.

 40  14  -652 #     N Cimmerians      R Lydia, AM                           C
                                                                                From Phrygia.

900 225  -652 -575  A Cimmerians      R Lydia (AM)                          L
                                                                                To conform with (40-14). Termination
                                                                                acc/to (119-19).

119  18  -645 #     A Cimmerians      R Abydos (Hellespont)                 C
                                                                                From Phrygia.

119  21  -600 -500  A Cimmerians      R Thrace                              I
                                                                                Rest of Cimmerians who had remained in
                                                                                Thrace. Partly destroyed, partly
                                                                                assimilated by Thracians.

385  46 -1400 -1250 N Cinerary Urns   U GB, Ireland, excl S England, see    L
                                        map 15a (40); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (386-22). Also includes
                                                                                "Food Vessel" culture.

386  22 -1250 -1100 N Cinerary Urns   U GB & Ireland, see map 16a (21);     L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This culture includes Deverel-Rimbury
                                                                                groups. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (385-46). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (385-46).

234  81   500 1970  A Circassians     O S of Kuban R mouth                  L
                                                                                End date: still there. (Syn. Kasogi,
                                                                                Cherkessy.) They speak a Caucasian
                                                                                language acc/to ref 229.

118  19  1860 #     A Circassians     O W Macedonia, YU                     Q
                                                                                From Karachajevo-Cherkess AP in SU. (Syn.
                                                                                Kasogi.) They speak a Caucasian language
                                                                                acc/to ref 229.

900 337     1 200   A Colapiani       Y {Nr Siscia (mod. Sisak on Sava R,   L
                                        YU; Pannonia RP)} + (Ref 165 also
                                        mentions Pokupje between Bele
                                        Krajina & Karlovac, YU.) *{110-38}
                                        + (ref 165)*
                                                                                For consistency with (110-38). They are a
                                                                                tribe of South Pannonians.

110  38   200 250   A Colapiani       Y Nr Siscia (mod. Sisak on Sava R,    I
                                        YU; Pannonia RP)
                                                                                By Romans. (Location given in next
                                                                                unabstracted ref in same book, p.141.)

388  47 -1200 -600  N Colchis         U E coast Black Sea, see map 18a      L
                                        (45); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date acc/to (386-25).

382  15 -2200 -1900 N Conca d'Oro     U Sicily, see map 12a (12);           L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Intermingled with Bell Beakers
                                                                                (see (382-25)). Said to be Bell Beakers by
                                                                                (26-2).

352   6   -60 100   A Condrusi        G N foothills of Ardennes Mts, area   L
                                        S & E of Meuse R; around Verviers,
                                        B.
                                                                                An 'unmixed' German tribe, according to
                                                                                map legend. End date acc/to (353-7).

230  13  -800 50    A Contestani      U Betw Castellon&Alicante,nr coast    L
                                        (E)
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-11). These are
                                                                                Iberians.

382  21 -2200 -1850 N Corded Ware     U C Europe, SCA,& W SU, see map 12a   L
                                        (18: A-Z); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                The "cultures" designated within this area
                                                                                include Corded Pottery and Battle Axe but
                                                                                there is no specification as to which is
                                                                                which so I have considered it one large
                                                                                culture(s) area, for lack of any better
                                                                                way to deal with this! Cultures
                                                                                from earlier periods, which had been kept
                                                                                separate, including Fatjanovo & Balanovo,
                                                                                are included, by the authors, in this
                                                                                large group. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (383-19), (383-25), (383-
                                                                                26), (383-27), and (383-29).
                                                                                Culture derived from Forest-steppe zone
                                                                                between Vistula & Dnepr RR for Baltic
                                                                                countries in (169-17), and from the ochre
                                                                                graves of S Russia in (179-7) for C D.
                                                                                Believed by (19-2) to be differentiated I-
                                                                                E already.

383  29 -1850 -1700 N Corded Ware     U W SU, see map 13a (24);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Start date interpolated to conform to (382-
                                                                                21). Culture gave rise to Komarov Culture
                                                                                acc/to (13-19), and to Trzciniec Culture
                                                                                acc/to (13-5).

 46  32     1 200   A Cornacates      K E Slavonia (Danube basin, Sotin)    L
                                                                                Illyrianized. Subgroup of Scordisci.

900 338   200 250   A Cornacates      K {E Slavonia (Danube basin, Sotin)}  I
                                        *{46-32}*
                                                                                By Romans. Acc/to (110-42).

 27 140  -400 -300  A Cornavi         K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                146).

 27 146  -300 -240  A Cornavi         K Caithness, Scotland                 M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-140}* But 2 maps
                                                                                (Geipel, map 26, & Zeissig: Neuer
                                                                                Geschichts - und Kulturatlas, p. 19) show
                                                                                Cornavi at approx. Lancashire, where the
                                                                                Corvi were supposed to have been. Could
                                                                                these be syn?

900 952  -300 50    A Cornavi         K {Caithness, Scotland} *{27-146}*    L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-146).
                                                                                End date: conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

901  76   476 1970  N Corsicans       I Corsica                             L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman empire; end date:
                                                                                still there. In 1970 200K, incl 17K French
                                                                                from N Africa, some Arabs, Spaniards,
                                                                                Portugese, 10K Italians.

 27 138  -400 -300  A Corvi           K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                144).

 27 144  -300 -240  A Corvi           K Lancashire, England                 M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-138}* But 2 maps
                                                                                (Geipel, map 26, & Zeissig: Neuer
                                                                                Geschichts - und Kulturatlas, p. 19) show
                                                                                Cornavi at this location. Could these be
                                                                                syn?

900 951  -300 50    A Corvi           K {Lancashire, England} *{27-144}*    L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-144).

385  15 -1400 -1300 N Coslogeni       U SE ROM & NE BG, see map 15a (13);   L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Including Late Tei culture.

230   7  -800 -500  A Cossetani       U N of Tarragona, E                   L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

173  19 -1800 -1200 A Costisa         U N Moldavia, ROM                     L
                                                                                Culture. Part of "Trzciniec Culture
                                                                                Complex" acc/to (384-27).

 11  17   166 #     N Costobocci      G RP Achaea, RP Asia                  A
                                                                                Not stated from where.

 11  29   200 300   A Costobocci      G Lower Danube R                      L
                                                                                Lived among Sarmatians.

349   2  -100 1     N Cosuaneti       K Area around Freising, Bavaria, D    L

307  11  -600 1     A Cotini          K Slovakia                            L
                                                                                End date to conform to (900-984) and (19-
                                                                                16). Also suggested in ref 19, p. 164.
                                                                                (Syn. Kotini).

900 984     1 50    A Cotini          K Moravia                             M
                                                                                Necessitated by (19-16). From Slovakia
                                                                                *{307-11}*

 19  16     1 180   A Cotini          K Moravia                             L
                                                                                End date to conform to (111-3). Perhaps
                                                                                remains of Volcae Tectosages. But
                                                                                constrast with authors'statement on p.
                                                                                164. (Syn. Kotini.)

111   3   180 #     N Cotini          K Betw Mursa & Cibalae in Pannonia    R
                                        RP. (see endpaper map)
                                                                                From Moravia *{19-16}* (Syn. Kotini.)

901 122 -2200 -1700 A Cotofeni        U C Transylvania, W Oltenia, Banat    L
                                        (all ROM) (see also Map 12a(6a),
                                        Czech atlas)
                                                                                Culture. Record synthesized from (382-10),
                                                                                (48-12), and (48-17).

315   2 -2500 -1450 A Cretans         U W GR, Aegean Islands of Thira,      S
                                        Milos, Kithira, Kea, Karpathos,
                                        Rhodes, and to Miletus, TR.
                                                                                Not clear where they came from. Could be
                                                                                bearers of the Minoan Culture.

162  11 -1100 #     A Cretans         H Cyprus                              M
                                                                                From Crete.

900 370  1250 1944  A Crimean Tatars  T Crimea                              L
                                                                                Acc/to numerous sources. For consistency
                                                                                with (229-15) & (229-14).

238   1  1285 1298  N Crimean Tatars  T BG                                  A
                                                                                From Crimea.

 50   7  1512 #     A Crimean Tatars  T Muscovy                             A
                                                                                From Crimea. Took slaves, hence there must
                                                                                have been gene flow to Crimea. (See (50-
                                                                                10)). *((50-10) is coded as Russian (S)
                                                                                record.)*

341   4  1571 #     N Crimean Tatars  T Moscow                              A
                                                                                From Crimea. Sacked city.

229  19  1790 1890  N Crimean Tatars  T Turkish Empire (especially          Q
                                        Dobrogea acc/to (50-26), but also
                                        BG acc/to (174-6)).
                                                                                From Crimea. 500K Tatars at start, 200K at
                                                                                end of this period.

238   2  1790 1970  N Crimean Tatars  T Dobrugea (ROM + BG)                 L
                                                                                In BG in 1878, 40-45K persons. In 1880,
                                                                                18K persons (rest had migrated to Turkey).
                                                                                Current number is 4K.

238   3  1878 1880  N Crimean Tatars  T TR                                  Q
                                                                                From Dobrugea (ROM + BG). *{238-2}*

229  14  1944 #     N Crimean Tatars  T C Asia                              R
                                                                                From Crimea. Forcibly resettled by Soviets.

 47   7 -2800 -1900 A Crnobuki        U Pelagonia & Lyncus (Macedonia).     L
                                        (For the location of the Crnobuki
                                        site itself see Map 19, No. 7, in
                                        ref.)
                                                                                Culture. Successor to Porodin. Early
                                                                                Helladic period.

 32  31   200 550   A Croats          S Sea of Azov                         L
                                                                                End date to conform to (32-32), but it is
                                                                                not clearly stated that they stayed nr
                                                                                Azov that long. Author thinks they may
                                                                                originally have been Iranian. (Here left
                                                                                them as Slavic).

 32  32   550 #     A Croats          S Galicia                             M
                                                                                From Sea of Azov. *{32-31}* (This is E
                                                                                Galicia, NE slopes of Carpathians, acc/to
                                                                                (234-166), but source 51 (p.32 of
                                                                                translation) identifies it as Lesser
                                                                                Poland, which is W Galicia around Cracow.
                                                                                We have left it as plain Galicia comprising
                                                                                W & E.)

900 686   550 900   N Croats          S {Galicia} *{32-32}*                 L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (32-32). End date
                                                                                acc/to (234-166), but probably stayed
                                                                                distinct longer. Need further evidence.
                                                                                (This is E Galicia, NE slopes of
                                                                                Carpathians, acc/to (234-166), but source
                                                                                51 (p.32 of translation) identifies it
                                                                                as Lesser Poland, which is W Galicia
                                                                                around Cracow. We have left it as plain
                                                                                Galicia comprising W & E.) These are known
                                                                                as the White Croats.

900 688   610 641   N Croats          S YU in Adriatic hinterlands between  Q
                                        Rasa R (Istria) in W and and
                                        Cetina R (S of split) in E.
                                        (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                        betw Save & Danube RR (up to at
                                        least Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-
                                        24)).
                                                                                This record synthesized from (51-104) &
                                                                                (51-81). From Galicia. *{32-32}* White
                                                                                Croatia believed by this author to be in
                                                                                Lesser PL around Cracow. Subjugated
                                                                                already resident Slavs (Serbians?, Antes?)
                                                                                and drove out Avars. (But see comment
                                                                                after (32-32).)

900 687   610 910   N Croats          S {YU in Adriatic hinterlands         L
                                        between Rasa R (Istria) in W and
                                        and Cetina R (S of split) in E.
                                        (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                        betw Save & Danube RR (up to at
                                        least Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-
                                        24)).} *{900-688}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-104) & (149-28).

901 213   900 #     A Croats          S {YU Macedonia} *{118-14}*           Q
                                                                                To connect (900-687) and (118-14).  From
                                                                                YU in Adriatic hinterlands between Rasa R
                                                                                (Istria) in W and Cetina R (S of split) in
                                                                                E.  (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                                                                between Save & Danube RR (up to at least
                                                                                Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-24)).  *{900-
                                                                                687}*

118  14   900 1000  A Croats          S YU Macedonia                        L
                                                                                (Needs M or E record to move Croats there.)

302  45   900 1000  A Croats          S Betw Labe and Jizera RR, betw       L
                                        Mlada Boleslav & Hradec Kralove
                                        (Bohemia, CS).
                                                                                Called Chorvati, probably syn. Horvati =
                                                                                Croats. Presence in Bohemia confirmed by
                                                                                (14-34) & (14-35), but that author places
                                                                                them further south, due E of Prague (see
                                                                                fig 16 or endpapers). (Needs M or E record
                                                                                to move Croats there.)

149  28   910 997   N Croats          S Istria, Bosnia, Duklja              E
                                        (Montenegro), Zahlumje (area
                                        bordered by Dubrovnik, Dabar,
                                        Luka, Popop, Velika, Dabrava) (YU)
                                        (see map 399 for detailed
                                        description).
                                        Dabar, Luka, Popop, Velika,             From YU in Adriatic hinterlands between
                                        Dabrava) (YU) (see map 399 for          Rasa R (Istria) in W and and Cetina R (S
                                        detailed description.                   of split) in E. (Largely Dalmatia in YU.)
                                                                                + Area betw Save & Danube RR (up to at
                                                                                least Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-24)).
                                                                                *{900-688}*

900 689   910 1970  N Croats          S {YU in Adriatic hinterlands         L
                                        between Rasa R (Istria) in W and
                                        and Cetina R (S of split) in E.
                                        (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                        betw Save & Danube RR (up to at
                                        least Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-
                                        24)).} + {Istria, Bosnia, Duklja
                                        (Montenegro),
                                        Zahlumje (area bordered by              Start date to conform to (149-28). End
                                        Dubrovnik, Dabar, Luka, Popop,          date: still in Croatia. Presumably some
                                        Velika, Dabrava) (YU).} *{900-687}      amalgamation with other YU peoples
                                        + {149-28}*                             especially in locations included in (149-
                                                                                28), but no hard evidence available.

 51  95  1400 1800  A Croats          S Istria                              Q
                                                                                From Dalmatia.

353   3    -8 75    N Cuberni         G Betw Rhine & Maas RR, N of          L
                                        Geldern, W D.
                                                                                End date guess following Abb 63 in ref
                                                                                184. Synonymous with Cugerni; name given
                                                                                to Sugambri after 8 BC.
 
 48   4 -2200 -1800 A Cucuteni        U NE Muntenia & Moldavia & SE         L
                                        Transilvania, ROM
                                                                                Culture.

900 399  1060 #     A Cumans          T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      M
                                        *{900-387}*
                                                                                Acc/to (49-10). From N of Aral Sea.

900 404  1060 1070  A Cumans          T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      L
                                        *{900-399}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-399).

900 400  1070 #     A Cumans          T {Betw Don & lower Danube RR} *{900- E
                                        392}*
                                                                                Acc/to (49-10). From area between Ural &
                                                                                Volga RR. *{900-399}*

900 403  1070 1150  A Cumans          T {Area between Ural & Volga RR} +    L
                                        {Betw Don & lower Danube RR} *{900-
                                        399} + {900-400}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-400) and (32-55).

 31  42  1071 1072  A Cumans          T E H (between Danube & Tisza RR)     Q
                                                                                From area betw Don & lower Danube RR.
                                                                                *{900-400}* Date acc/to to Ploetz, p.375.
                                                                                Parts of invaders resettled in eastern H,
                                                                                assimilated by Magyars.

900 402  1072 1200  A Cumans          T {E H (between Danube & Tisza RR)}   L
                                        *{31-42}*
                                                                                Acc/to (31-42). For consistency with (31-
                                                                                42) and (900-401).

328  12  1093 #     N Cumans          T Kiev, W SU                          A
                                                                                From area betw Don & lower Danube RR.
                                                                                *{900-400}*

 32  55  1150 #     A Cumans          T Tama (Locality is Tmutokoran; see   C
                                        Putzger Atlas p.44) penins., S of
                                        Sea of Azov.
                                                                                From area betw Don & lower Danube RR.
                                                                                *{900-400}*

900 405  1150 1500  A Cumans          T {Area between Ural & Volga RR +     L
                                        Betw Don & lower Danube RR} +
                                        {Tama (Locality is Tmutokoran; see
                                        Putzger Atlas p.44) penins., S of
                                        Sea of Azov.} *{900-403} + {32-55}*
                                                                                For consistency with (32-55) and (50-6)
                                                                                which has some Kipchaks at Astrachan in
                                                                                1430.

900 401  1200 1221  A Cumans          T {E H (between Danube & Tisza RR)}   I
                                        *{31-42}*
                                                                                Acc/to (31-42). By Magyars.

900 406  1221 #     N Cumans          T E H                                 Q
                                                                                Acc/to (200-4). (Area restricted to E H
                                                                                acc/to (172-46), (172-47), (172-48).) From
                                                                                area between Ural & Volga RR + Betw Don &
                                                                                lower Danube RR + Tama (Locality is
                                                                                Tmutokoran; see Putzger Atlas p.44)
                                                                                penins., S of Sea of Azov. *{900-405}*
                                                                                Due to pressure of Mongols.

900 407  1221 #     N Cumans          T Thrace                              Q
                                                                                Acc/to (200-4). From area between Ural &
                                                                                Volga RR + Betw Don & lower Danube RR +
                                                                                Tama (Locality is Tmutokoran; see Putzger
                                                                                Atlas p. 44) penins., S of Sea of Azov.
                                                                                *{900-405}* Due to pressure of Mongols.

900 408  1221 #     N Cumans          T AM                                  Q
                                                                                Acc/to (200-4). From area between Ural &
                                                                                Volga RR + Betw Don & lower Danube RR +
                                                                                Tama (Locality is Tmutokoran; see Putzger
                                                                                Atlas p. 44) penins., S of Sea of Azov.
                                                                                *{900-405}* Due to pressure of Mongols.

900 409  1221 1970  A Cumans          T {E H} *{900-406}*                   L
                                                                                Acc/to (172-46). Probably speak Hungarian
                                                                                now. Text is not clear. Called Great
                                                                                Kumans in Kom. Szolnok, Little Kumans in
                                                                                area between Danube and Tisza RR.

200  24  1241 #     N Cumans          T Szombateley (H)                     A
                                                                                From E H (between Danube & Tisza RR). *{31-
                                                                                42}*

900 114   400 1054  A Curonians       B Kurzeme region, W Latvia            L
                                                                                Acc/to (364-5).

900 115  1240 1260  A Curonians       B Dk & S                              
                                                                                Acc/to (38-23). From W Latvia.

162   3  -800 #     A Cypriots        H Al Mina (Syria)                     S
                                                                                From Cyprus.

900 731   500 600   A Czechi          S Betw Berounka and Ohre RR, due W    M
                                        of Prague, CS.
                                                                                Acc/to (302-44). From N in E PL (acc/to
                                                                                (19-22)). Implied since (19-22) talks
                                                                                about W. Slavs only. These are a Czech
                                                                                tribe.

900 733   500 900   A Czechi          S {Betw Berounka and Ohre RR, due W   L
                                        of Prague, CS.} *{900-731}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-731). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

 51  86   700 900   A Czechi          S S of Danube, especially around L    Q
                                        Balaton.
                                                                                Penetrated area of Slovenes. From Bohemia.

900 747   900 1970  A Czechs          S Bohemia (less Sudetenland), CS      L
                                                                                This is a union of Czechi, Zlicane,
                                                                                Sedlcane, Psovane, Lemuci, & Decane to
                                                                                form Czechs. Start date to conform to (900-
                                                                                733), (900-734), (900-739), (900-740),
                                                                                (900-741), (900-742). End date, still
                                                                                present to date.

150  11  1946 1947  N Czechs          S Former Sudetenland, CS (see map p.  Q
                                        110 in Putzger)
                                                                                & Slovaks, 1.8 M from Inner CS (see map p.
                                                                                110 in Putzger).
173  26  -450 100   A Dacians         P Dobrogea                            L
                                                                                (Syn. Daco-Getae, Getae.) Called Daco-
                                                                                Getae in ref.

173  27  -300 100   A Dacians         P ROM excl. Dobrogea                  L
                                                                                (Syn. Daco-Getae, Getae.) Called Daco-
                                                                                Getae in ref.

900 271  -250 -200  N Dacians         P E H                                 E
                                                                                Acc/to (110-4), (129-17). (Syn. Getae,
                                                                                Daco-Getae). From ROM excl. Dobrogea.
                                                                                *{173-27}*

901 201  -250 100   A Dacians         P {E H} *{900-271}*                   L

900 272   -61 -48   A Dacians         P {N Transdanubia, E Alps, S          C
                                        Pannonia & most of Serbia.
                                        Pannonia RP defined by author as N
                                        YU (betw Drava & Sava RR), E A
                                        (Burgenland & Vienna basin), W H
                                        (Transdanubia).} *{110-5}*
                                                                                Area of Scordisci, Boii & Taurisci. 200K
                                                                                army acc/to ref (40-73), (113-9). From E H.

110   5   -61 -48   A Dacians         P N Transdanubia, E Alps, S Pannonia  L
                                        & most of Serbia. Pannonia RP
                                        defined by author as N YU (betw
                                        Drava & Sava RR), E A (Burgenland
                                        & Vienna basin), W H
                                        (Transdanubia).
                                                                                Area of Scordisci, Boii & Taurisci.

113  10   -50 #     A Dacians         P Black Sea coast: Olbia to           C
                                        Appolonia (probably modern
                                        Nokalajev to Sozopol, resp.),
                                        excluding Dobrugea.
                                                                                From Dobrogea. *{173-26}* 50K people.

901 202   -50 100   A Dacians         P {Black Sea coast: Olbia to          L
                                        Appolonia (probably modern
                                        Nokalajev to Sozopol, resp.),
                                        excluding Dobrugea.} *{113-10}*

110  16   -10 #     N Dacians         P Pannonia                            A
                                                                                From E H. *{900-271}*

390   7     1 100   N Dacians         P Dnestr R area, SU, see map 21a      E
                                        (8); 'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                From Dobrogea. *{173-26}* Refers to
                                                                                'Lipicka Culture'; a culture attached to
                                                                                Dacian people living in this area, rather
                                                                                than in Romanian Dacia.

113  11    11 12    N Dacians         P Moesia (probably Moesia Superior    R
                                        RP).
                                                                                50K persons. From ROM excl. Dobrogea.
                                                                                *{173-27}*

 40  79    85 105   N Dacians         P Moesia RP                           A
                                                                                From ROM excl. Dobrogea. *{173-27}*

900 606   100 600   A Dacians         P {Dobrogea} + {ROM excl. Dobrogea}   L
                                        *{173-26} + {173-27}*
                                                                                For consistency with (173-26), (173-27), &
                                                                                (120-3).

 40  82   107 #     N Dacians         P Carpathian area                     Q
                                                                                From Dacia RP. Refugees from Emperor
                                                                                Trajan's attacks. Incl Anarten & Arsieten
                                                                                (Dacianized), Saboken & Biessen,
                                                                                Costobocci, Carps (Dacians).

 40  83   167 168   N Dacians         P Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From E ROM.

 40  87   200 #     A Dacians         P Dacia RP                            S
                                                                                From area in ROM outside of Dacia RP. 12K
                                                                                in response to Germanic pressure.

190   7   236 #     N Dacians         P Mid Danube R area                   A
                                                                                From Dobrogea + ROM excl. Dobrogea. *{900-
                                                                                606}*

120   3   270 600   A Dacians         P Dacia RP (consider all of modern    I
                                        ROM)
                                                                                To form Daco-Romans.

158   3 -1250 -1150 A Daco-Mysians    P C Balkans & N of E Balkans, S of    L
                                        Stara Planina.

901  51   271 #     N Daco-Romans     I Serbia & Macedonia                  Q
                                                                                From Dacia RP. Inferred by exodus of Roman
                                                                                army & colonists, necessary to permit (114-
                                                                                11) and (114-33).

901  54   271 #     N Daco-Romans     I Area of Greater BG empire (W BG, E  Q
                                        Serbia & E Macedonia)
                                                                                From Dacia RP. Inferred by exodus of Roman
                                                                                army & colonists, necessary to permit (901-
                                                                                56).

901  52   271 500   A Daco-Romans     I Macedonia                           L
                                                                                For consistency with (901-51) and (114-11).

901  53   271 600   A Daco-Romans     I Serbia                              L
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (901-51) and
                                                                                (114-33).

901  55   271 1000  A Daco-Romans     I Dacia RP                            L
                                                                                Descendants of romanized Dacians.
                                                                                Uncertainty over their fate. Some sources
                                                                                say they left ROM plains and stayed in
                                                                                Carpathians for several centuries before
                                                                                returning to plains. Other sources state
                                                                                that they crossed Danube S to BG but
                                                                                returned later. They are attested in BG at
                                                                                1184 AD and in ROM by 13 c AD. We take a
                                                                                compromise position, leaving some in ROM
                                                                                and moving others to BG. End date
                                                                                arbitrary; designated Vlachs thereafter.
                                                                                (Source: Encyclopaedia Brittanica.)

901  56   271 1100  A Daco-Romans     I {Area of Greater BG empire (W BG,   L
                                        E Serbia & E Macedonia)} *{901-54}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-54); end
                                                                                date to conform to (114-8). Known as
                                                                                Vlachs from around 1000 AD on. See also
                                                                                comment to (901-55).

114  11   500 1000  A Daco-Romans     I Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs. Not all must
                                                                                have assimilated then. There is another
                                                                                mention in (114-22) of later
                                                                                assimilations. Some small pop. islands
                                                                                remain even today.

114  33   600 800   N Daco-Romans     I Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs. Not all must have assimilated
                                                                                then. There is another mention in (114-1)
                                                                                of later assimilations. Some small
                                                                                population islands remain even today.

900 721   800 1000  N Dadosane        S Middle or upper Odra R around       L
                                        Glogow, PL.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (302-35), end date
                                                                                acc/to (371-6). Will become part of Poles.
                                                                                (Syn. Dedosane).

900 306  -600 -1    A Daesidiates     Y Glasinac, and W Serbia: Uzica (now  L
                                        Titovo-Uzice), Zlatibor (Razana,
                                        Kriva Reka). + Sarajevsko polje
                                        (field), mts in NE toward
                                        Srebenica & Pljevlja (Montenegro
                                        (syn. Crna Gora)). + Middle & E
                                        Bosnia
                                                                                Acc/to (112-9), (165-28), (110-18), (51-
                                                                                17).

101   1   600 800   A Daleminci       S Mark Meissen in Saxony betw Elbe R  M
                                        & Freiberger Mulde R.
                                                                                (Syn. Lommatzsch, Glomaci). From Dalmatia
                                                                                acc/to etymological argument by author.
                                                                                Called by name of larger group- Sorbs by
                                                                                12th C.

900 678   600 1200  A Daleminci       S {Mark Meissen in Saxony betw Elbe   L
                                        R & Freiberger Mulde R.} *{101-1}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (101-1). End date when
                                                                                they became part of Sorbic language group
                                                                                (see comment in (101-1) & ref 148, Abb 3).
                                                                                Date when assimilated by Germanic speakers
                                                                                not found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

900 298 -1200 -500  A Dalmatians      Y Mouth of Krka R to mouth of Cetina  L
                                        R interior around Dinara Mts &
                                        fertile fields of W Bosnia (Liva,
                                        Duvno, Glamoc) (YU).
                                                                                Dates are very approximate. Their sources
                                                                                in (51-8) are in some doubt.

 30   1   400 500   A Danes           G Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of S  L
                                                                                End date for consistency with (170-15).

194  22   500 600   A Danes           G NL & Gaul                           A
                                                                                From Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of S +
                                                                                Jutland and rest of DK other than
                                                                                Sjaelland. *{900-622}*

170  15   500 #     A Danes           G Jutland and rest of DK other than   Q
                                        Sjaelland.
                                                                                From Sweden. *{30-1}* Rest of DK (islands)
                                                                                inferred, not explicitly stated in
                                                                                reference.

900 622   500 900   A Danes           G {Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of   L
                                        S } + {Jutland and rest of DK
                                        other than Sjaelland.} *{30-1} +
                                        {170-15}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (170-15). End date
                                                                                acc/to (30-26).

 15  13   800 850   A Danes           G Thames R (incl Isle of Sheppey), S  N
                                        coast England
                                                                                From DK. Isle of Sheppey added acc/to (43-
                                                                                6). Danish Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: A
                                                                                History of the Vikings, p. 212.

 15   5   810 #     N Danes           G Frisia                              N
                                                                                From DK.

 43  19   820 #     N Danes           G Frisia                              N
                                                                                From DK.

 15   9   826 841   N Danes           G Ruestringen (near Weser R mouth),   S
                                        Walcheren (isl nr Schelde R mouth,
                                        NL)
                                                                                From DK.

900 648   834 837   N Danes           G Duurstede (Dorestad, NL, at jct of  N
                                        Lek R arm of Rhine R, Times Atlas,
                                        p. 120, map 1)
                                                                                From DK. Called Vikings in (154-1). End
                                                                                date acc/to (15-6). Identified as Danes in
                                                                                Gwyn Jones: History of the Vikings.

 15  20   836 #     N Danes           G Dublin area                         S
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

900 624   836 1000  A Danes           G {Dublin area} *{15-20}*             L
                                                                                Acc/to (30-28).

 43  20   840 #     N Danes           G Rouen, St. Denis, Quentowic, F      A
                                        (see Putzger, p. 39, II)
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

 43  21   845 #     N Danes           G Hamburg, Paris                      A
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

 43  22   849 892   N Danes           G French coast (probably only up to   A
                                        Normandy)
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

 32  46   852 #     N Danes           G Novgorod (SU)                       A
                                                                                From DK.

 43   5   853 #     N Danes           G Isle of Man                         A
                                                                                From DK.

154   2   859 862   N Danes           G Provence (F), Liguria (I), Tuscany  N
                                        (Pisa, I)
                                                                                From DK. Called Vikings in ref. Danish
                                                                                Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: History of the
                                                                                Vikings, p.215 ff.

154   4   867 876   N Danes           G York, Mercia, E Anglia, Wessex &    Q
                                        Northumbria.
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

900 626   867 900   A Danes           G {York, Mercia, E Anglia, Wessex &   L
                                        Northumbria.} *{154-4}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (154-4);
                                                                                end date for consistency with (900-627).

 15  15   892 895   N Danes           G Mercia, Essex, Kent & Sussex,       A
                                        Wessex.
                                                                                From DK. Ref calls them Vikings. They are
                                                                                Danish Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: A
                                                                                History of the Vikings.

900 628   900 #     A Danes           G {S Jutland (center at Hedeby; see   T
                                        Times Atlas p. 110, map 3)} *{30-
                                        26}*
                                                                                To Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of S +
                                                                                Jutland and rest of DK other than
                                                                                Sjaelland. - S Jutland (center at Hedeby;
                                                                                see Times Atlas p. 110, map 3) *{900-
                                                                                629}*  Acc/to (30-26). Pushed out by
                                                                                Swedes.

900 627   900 1100  A Danes           G {York, Mercia, E Anglia, Wessex &   I
                                        Northumbria.} *{154-4}*
                                                                                By Anglosaxons. Start date acc/to (43-9);
                                                                                end date acc/to (9-21).

900 629   900 940   A Danes           G {Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of   L
                                        S + Jutland and rest of DK other
                                        than Sjaelland.} - {S Jutland
                                        (center at Hedeby; see Times Atlas
                                        p. 110, map 3)} *{900-622} - {900-
                                        628}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-628); end
                                                                                date to conform to (30-27).

154  10   911 932   N Danes           G Normandy                            S
                                                                                From DK. Leader was Rollo or Hrolf, unlear
                                                                                whether from N or DK. Viking settlers came
                                                                                from DK in the main, but also N and from
                                                                                the Danelaw in GB acc/to Gwyn Jones:
                                                                                History of the Vikings. Within very short
                                                                                time became Normans.

900 623   911 #     N Danes           G Normandy                            S
                                                                                From Danelaw, England. Leader was Rollo or
                                                                                Hrolf, unlear whether from N or DK. Viking
                                                                                settlers came from DK in the main, but
                                                                                also N and from the Danelaw in GB acc/to
                                                                                Gwyn Jones: History of the Vikings. Within
                                                                                very short time became Normans.
                                                                                Also acc/to (43-24).

901  67   911 1000  A Danes           G Normandy                            I
                                                                                Start date to conform to (154-10) & (900-
                                                                                623); end date approximate. They
                                                                                assimilated rapidly and became the
                                                                                Normans, with language code I.

 30  27   940 #     A Danes           G {S Jutland (center at Hedeby; see   E
                                        Times Atlas p. 110, map 3)} *{30-
                                        26}*
                                                                                From Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of S +
                                                                                Jutland and rest of DK other than
                                                                                Sjaelland. - S Jutland (center at Hedeby;
                                                                                see Times Atlas p. 110, map 3) *{900-629}*
                                                                                Pushed out Swedes.

900 630   940 1970  N Danes           G {Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of   L
                                        S + Jutland and rest of DK other
                                        than Sjaelland. - S Jutland
                                        (center at Hedeby; see Times Atlas
                                        p. 110, map 3)} + {S Jutland
                                        (center at Hedeby; see Times
                                        Atlas, p. 110, map3)} *{900-629} +
                                        {30-27}*
                                                                                For consistency with (30-27) and continued
                                                                                presence of Danes in DK.

 15  17   990 1016  A Danes           G Thames R, Wessex                    A
                                                                                Danish Vikings from DK. Called Vikings in
                                                                                ref, but Gwyn Jones: History of the
                                                                                Vikings identifies them as Danes. End date
                                                                                also acc/to Gwyn Jones, pp. 371 & 205-8.

 15  16   990 #     A Danes           G Lincoln, Stamsford & Leicester,     S
                                        Derby, Nottingham (England)
                                                                                From DK. Additional immigrants.

900 625  1000 1100  A Danes           G {Dublin area} *{15-20}*             I
                                                                                By Irish. Acc/to (30-29). (Norwegian
                                                                                Vikings)

211  28  1219 1237  N Danes           G Estonia                             C
                                                                                From DK.

165  30  -300 -1    A Daorsi          Y E of Naro (Neretva) R (nr lower     L
                                        course), YU.
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates around 3rd
                                                                                Illyrian war.

900 327 -1200 600   A Dardani         Y SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.   L
                                        (See vertically shaded area,
                                        foldout map from ref 46, end of
                                        book xeroxed).
                                                                                Start date acc/to (46-13), but modified to
                                                                                conform to (158-1); end date acc/to (114-
                                                                                30). E part of Dardanian area with
                                                                                substantial Thracian admixture. By 28 BC
                                                                                completely lost their independence (to
                                                                                Romans) and became mixed and assimilated
                                                                                with succeeding populations.

 46  16 -1000 #     A Dardani         Y AM                                  Q
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia (See
                                                                                vertically shaded area, foldout map, end
                                                                                of book, xeroxed). *{900-327}* Part of
                                                                                tribe.

900 325 -1000 -900  A Dardani         Y {AM} *{46-16}*                      L
                                                                                Necessitated by (46-16). No end date given.

 47  60  -800 -750  A Dardani         Y Pelagonia, Eordea, Lyncus &         E
                                        Edessa, & S part of coastal plain
                                        (Vergina). (Areas in Macedonia.)
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map,
                                                                                end of book xeroxed). *{46-13}*

900 326  -800 -650  A Dardani         Y {Pelagonia, Eordea, Lyncus &        L
                                        Edessa, & S part of coastal plain
                                        (Vergina). (Areas in Macedonia.)}
                                        *{47-60}*
                                                                                Pushed out by Cimmerians, acc/to (47-81).

 46  19  -323 -148  N Dardani         Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map
                                                                                from ref 46, end of book xeroxed). *{900-
                                                                                327}* Series of attacks.

 46   7  -300 -200  A Dardani         Y Betw lower S Morava & Isker RR      A
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map
                                                                                from ref 46, end of book xeroxed). *{900-
                                                                                327}*

 46  23  -230 #     A Dardani         Y Illyrian kingdom (in Albania,       A
                                        location W of L Scutari.)
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map
                                                                                from ref 46, end of book xeroxed). *{900-
                                                                                327}*

900 328   600 800   A Dardani         Y {SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.  I
                                        (See vertically shaded area,
                                        foldout map from ref 46, end of
                                        book xeroxed).} *{900-327}*
                                                                                By Serbs and Macedonians. Dates acc/to
                                                                                (114-30). (Assimilation also cited in (114-
                                                                                13).)

 27 150  -400 -200  A Darini          U N IRL                               L
                                                                                End date to conform to (27-151).

 27 151  -200 -100  A Darini          U N IRL                               I
                                                                                By Celts.

165  32  -300 -100  A Dassaretae      Y Betw L Ochrid & Berati (Albania)    L
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

900 318  -500 -400  A Dauni           Y Area labeled with their name in SE  L
                                        I; ref 164, map 3.
                                                                                Subgroup of Iapygi (see ref (900-316));
                                                                                note that (46-15) suggests they are a
                                                                                subtribe of the Dardani, synonymous with
                                                                                Thunatae. Their origin would then be in S
                                                                                Serbia. We believe this less likely than
                                                                                decision taken here.

391  13   300 400   N Debczynsk       U Oder R area, NE DDR, NW PL, see     L
                                        see map 22a (15); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.
 
900 738   500 600   A Decane          S E of Labe R, nr Decin, CS           M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe, but located very
                                                                                peripherally. *Location acc/to (302-50).*

900 742   500 900   A Decane          S {E of Labe R, nr Decin, CS} *{900-  L
                                        738}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-738). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

173  13 -2600 -1800 A Decea           U W Transilvania (ROM)                L
                                                                                Culture.

230  14  -800 -500  A Deitani         U Segura RV (E)                       L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

165  33  -300 -1    A Delmatae        Y C Dalmatia (interior: above         L
                                        Salona) & in S Bosnian portions of
                                        Dinaric massif (center at
                                        Delminium, modern Zupanjac).
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates. Were
                                                                                conquered by Romans in 34 BC.

 27 173     1 100   A Demetae         K Wales                               L
                                                                                Dates are conservative bound around date
                                                                                of 86 AD cited in ref, which calls them
                                                                                Demetaci.

165  35  -250 -150  A Dentheleti      P Upper Struma R betw Vitosa &        L
                                        Osogovske planina Mts. Center at
                                        Pautalia (modern Kjustendil). (See
                                        fig 1, ref 40.)
                                                                                Fought against Philip V of Macedon in 183
                                                                                BC (chronology of ref 40).

214   3 -1200 -850  A Denyen          U E Cilicia AM                        L
                                                                                Unknown racial origin, possibly Sea
                                                                                Peoples, Semiticized in speech. (Syn.
                                                                                Danuniyim.)

165  36  -300 200   A Derriopes       Y Along Crna Reka R nr Styberra,      L
                                        modern Cepigovo, N Macedonia.
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

901 117 -1200 -1100 N Deverel-Rimbury U {E Anglia up to Lincolnshire &      M
                                        chalk downs of Sussex & Wessex,
                                        Cornwall} *{44-8}*
                                                                                From across channel. Hybrid Tumulus-
                                                                                Urnfield culture.

 44   8 -1200 -1100 N Deverel-Rimbury U E Anglia up to Lincolnshire &       L
                                        chalk downs of Sussex & Wessex,
                                        Cornwall
                                                                                Hybrid Tumulus-Urnfield culture.

382  26 -2200 -1900 N Ditch Comb      U Area bounded on E by Onega R, in    L
                                        NW cutting across SF, in SE nr Oka
                                        R, also isolated area along
                                        Vycegda R, NW SU. See map 12a
                                        (20); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

382  27 -2200 -1900 N Ditch Comb      U PL & NW Europe (mostly S S),see     L
                                        map 12a(23); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

165  37  -250 -150  A Ditiones        Y Nr sources of Krka R (Dalmatia) &   L
                                        on both sides of Dinara Mts.
                                        Village of Ivosevci nr Kistanje in
                                        their territory.

387  41  -800 400   N Djakovo         U Area betw Moscow & Gorkij, SU, see  L
                                        map 17a (39); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (391-4). Culture.

387  37  -800 400   N Dnepr-Dvina     U Dnepr & Dvina RR area, SU, see map  L
                                        17a (35); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (391-10). Culture.

 40  43  -550 -450  A Doberi          P In Pangaion Mts aka Pangaeum        L
                                        (Pernigaeus Mts). (See Pangeon
                                        Mts, ca 30 km W of Kavala, GR on
                                        Rumaenien-Bulgarien Road-Map
                                        (Kummerly & Frey).)

 27 136  -400 -300  A Dobuni          K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                142). My transcription spells them Duboni.

 27 142  -300 -240  A Dobuni          K Upper Thames R basin                M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-136}* My transcription
                                                                                spells them Duboni.

900 953  -300 50    A Dobuni          K {Upper Thames R basin} *{27-142}*   L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-142).
                                                                                End date: conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans. My
                                                                                transcription spells them Duboni.

165  38  -300 200   A Docleatae       Y Doclea (mod. Duklja nr Titograd)    L
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

 47  17 -1900 -1600 A Dorian-Macednan H Haliacmon RV (S Maced.) around      L
                                        Servia, later held region of
                                        Thessaly known as Phtiotis, &
                                        country under Mts Ossa & Olympus.

900 157 -1300 -1100 N Dorians         H Epirus                              L
                                                                                Acc/to (22-3). Predated to -1300 since
                                                                                presumably they were there at least by
                                                                                then.

 47  26 -1200 -1000 A Dorians         H Thessaly                            Q
                                                                                From (actually through) C Epirus.

900 160 -1120 #     A Dorians         H Isthmus, Argolis, Laconia (in       Q
                                        Peloponnese).
                                                                                From C Epirus. Acc/to (47-44), from
                                                                                Albania & Epirus under pressure from the
                                                                                Brygi. Laconia is spelled Laconica in
                                                                                Putzger-Lendl-Wagner Atlas.

160   7 -1100 #     A Dorians         H Mycenae                             C
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

160   8 -1100 #     A Dorians         H Epidaurus                           C
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

162   7 -1050 -950  A Dorians         H Melos, Thera (Cyclades)             S
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

900 161 -1050 -950  A Dorians         H Crete                               S
                                                                                Synthesized from (22-5), (40-3), (162-10).
                                                                                Also Atlas of Greek World p.66. From
                                                                                Peloponnese.

900 158  -950 #     A Dorians         H Rhodes, Cos (Is)                    S
                                                                                Acc/to (224-34). From Peloponnese.

900 159  -850 #     A Dorians         H Cnidus, Halicarnassus on Carian     S
                                        peninsula, AM.
                                                                                Acc/to (224-34). From Peloponnese.

900 187  -800 -700  A Dorians         H Soloi (S coast of AM)               S
                                                                                Origin not given. Based on (224-38) and
                                                                                Levi: Atlas of the Greek World.

900 164  -750 #     A Dorians         H Syracuse (Sicily)                   S
                                                                                Acc/to (168-23). Date after R. Bosi
                                                                                (Stadte der Griechen). From Corinth.

 47  66  -733 #     N Dorians         H Corcyra (Corfu)                     S
                                                                                From Corinth.

900 170  -706 -705  N Dorians         H Taranto (Taras), I                  S
                                                                                From Sparta. These are Parthenians,
                                                                                illegitimate sons of Dorian helotes
                                                                                (acc/to R. Bosi, Magna Graecia). However,
                                                                                the same author also states a contrary
                                                                                opinion which makes them descendants of
                                                                                the pre-Dorian Achaean population.

 25  23  -690 #     A Dorians         H Gela (S Sicily)                     S
                                                                                From Crete & Rhodes.

900 165  -664 #     N Dorians         H Akrai (SE Sicily)                   S
                                                                                Acc/to (25-21) from Syracuse, but data
                                                                                from R. Bosi (Stadte der Griechen).

 40  26  -657 -600  A Dorians         H Chalcedon (or Kalchedon, on Asian   S
                                        side of Bosporus.)
                                                                                From Megara (on Isthmus of Corinth). Date
                                                                                comes from ref 39, chapter 2.

900 162  -650 #     A Dorians         H Buthroton (Butrint(i), Albania)     S
                                                                                From Kerkyra (Corfu). Date is a guess
                                                                                based on (176-2) and (47-66).

900 168  -650 -600  A Dorians         H Selymbria (Silivri) 60Km W of its   S
                                        future colony Byzantion (Istanbul)
                                        along Sea of Marmara.
                                                                                From Megara. Date is a compromise between
                                                                                (40-27), Ploetz, and P. Levi (Atlas of
                                                                                Greek World). *(Location attributed to (39-
                                                                                28).)*

900 166  -644 #     N Dorians         H Kasmenai (Casmene, S Sicily)        S
                                                                                Acc/to (25-21) from Syracuse, but data
                                                                                from R. Bosi (Stadte der Griechen).

 47  69  -626 #     A Dorians         H Epidamnus (=Dyrrachion, mod.        S
                                        Durres, Albania.)
                                                                                From Kerkyre (Corfu).

 40  37  -600 #     A Dorians         H Potidaia (-daea), Chalcidice        S
                                        (Peninsula, GR.)
                                                                                From Corinth.

900 163  -600 -588  A Dorians         H Appolonia (Pojan, Albania)          S
                                                                                Acc/to (176-2), from Kerkyra (Corfu). Date
                                                                                is from R. Bosi (Die Stadte der Griechen).

900 167  -598 #     N Dorians         H Camarina (S Sicily)                 S
                                                                                Acc/to (25-21) from Syracuse, but data
                                                                                from R. Bosi (Stadte der Griechen).

 25  24  -581 #     A Dorians         H Agrigentum (Agrigento or Acragas,   S
                                        S Sicily).
                                                                                From Gela.

900 169  -525 -475  A Dorians         H Kallatis (Mangalis) & Mesambria     S
                                        (or Mesembria), the one on the W
                                        coast of Black Sea not the one on
                                        Aegaen coast of Thrace.
                                                                                Date based on (39-34). From Megara.
                                                                                Kallatis during Hellenistic period counted
                                                                                no more than 8K people including slaves.
                                                                                In (40-25) there is also a statement that
                                                                                they came from Boitoia, which might be
                                                                                same as Boeotia, but these are Aeolians
                                                                                although close neighbors of the Megarans.

 26  46  -465 #     N Dorians         H Area of Iapygi (Japygen on map      C
                                        p.359.)
                                                                                From Tarento.

165   4  -368 #     N Dorians         H Issa (Vis), Island off YU           S
                                                                                From Syracuse.

 51 119   575 625   A Draguviti       S W of area settled by Sagudati (51-  M
                                        120) which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia, Veria).
                                                                                (Syn. Dragoviti (51-119), Dragovici (51-
                                                                                69)). From Lower Danube R (E branch of S.
                                                                                Slavs) (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 704   575 978   A Draguviti       S {W of area settled by Sagudati (51- L
                                        120) which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia,
                                        Veria).} *{51-119}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-119). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

900 765   700 1300  A Dregovice       S N of Pripet R & W of Upper Dnepr    L
                                        R, center at Minsk, Byelorussia.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (301-5), end date acc/to
                                                                                (147-5).

900 766   700 1300  A Drevljane       S S of Pripet R in area around towns  L
                                        of Ovruc and Korosten.
                                                                                Start date acc/to Vana: World of the
                                                                                Ancient Slavs, 1983, p.46. End date acc/to
                                                                                (147-4).

234  77   500 900   A Duljebi         S W Volhynia                          L
                                                                                End date is guess partly based on (234-
                                                                                165). About this time the Duljebi, in
                                                                                their various scattered locations must
                                                                                have been assimilated by the respective
                                                                                surrounding Slavic groups. These are E.
                                                                                Slavs acc/to F. Dvornik, The Slavs, 1956.

 51  92   550 650   A Duljebi         S Slovenia: betw Mur R & L Balaton;   Q
                                        Slovakia (called Dulebska);
                                        Moravia; S Bohemia betw Vltava &
                                        Luznica RR; Luznica RR; Pannonia
                                        betw Raab & Mur RR; Carantania;
                                        Danube R source; Epirus; Serbia
                                        (Novog Pazara); Bosnia (Bosanskoj
                                        Krajna area
                                        (Duluba V)); Dalmatia.                  From W Volhynia. *{234-77}* Accompanied
                                                                                (or were resettled by) Avars. This tribe
                                                                                became widely scattered in separate
                                                                                locations. Acc/to (33-14), were part of
                                                                                the Antes. Names of these tribes
                                                                                (Duljeben, White Croats, Kasegen, White
                                                                                Serbs)
                                                                                have Alanic roots and thus these Antes may
                                                                                be a mixture of Slavs & foreign conquerors.

900 752   550 900   A Duljebi         S {Slovenia: betw Mur R & L Balaton;  L
                                        Slovakia (called Dulebska);
                                        Moravia; S Bohemia betw Vltava &
                                        Luznica RR; Luznica RR; Pannonia
                                        betw Raab & Mur RR; Carantania;
                                        Danube R source; Epirus; Serbia
                                        (Novog Pazara); Bosnia (Bosanskoj
                                        Krajna
                                        area (Duluba V)); Dalmatia.} *{51-      End date is guess partly based on (234-
                                        92}*                                    165). About this time the Duljebi, in
                                                                                their various scattered locations must
                                                                                have been assimilated by the respective
                                                                                surrounding Slavic groups.

234  76   567 #     N Duljebi         S Upper Tisza R                       R
                                                                                By Avars. From W Volhynia. *{234-77}*

 27 135  -400 -300  A Dumnoni         K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                141).

 27 141  -300 -240  A Dumnoni         K Devon & Cornwall, England           M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-135}*

 44  16  -300 50    A Dumnoni         K Devon & Cornwall                    L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-141).
                                                                                End date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

900 954  -100 -50   A Durobrigi       K B                                   L
                                                                                To conform to (900-954) and (27-166). Part
                                                                                of Belgae.

 27 166   -50 #     A Durobrigi       K Isle of Wight, Dorset, Hampshire &  M
                                        Berkshire, UK.
                                                                                From B (no specific locations given). Syn.
                                                                                Durotrigi?

900 949   -50 50    A Durobrigi       K {Isle of Wight, Dorset, Hampshire   L
                                        & Berkshire, UK.} *{27-166}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-166). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans. Syn.
                                                                                Durotrigi?

179  31  1700 #     A Dutch           G Vistula-Nogat delta (PL)            Q
                                                                                Mennonites from NL.

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