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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

386  13 -1200 -1100 N Babadag         U W coast Black Sea, see map 16a      L
                                        (13); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Located with the Babadag Culture is the
                                                                                East Bulgarian group. The Middle Bulgarian
                                                                                (Late Bronze Age) was located in the
                                                                                Rhodope Mtns of GR & BG.

384  29 -1650 -1550 N Bagatovalikov   U Dnepr R area S of Kiev, SU, see     L
                                        map 14a (21); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Bagatovalikov Ceramic.

169  65 -2200 -1900 A Balanovo        U W of Volga R (see Map 12a) CS       L
                                        Atlas).

112   7 -1200 #     A Balkan people   U Aegaean & Anatolia                  M
                                                                                From the Balkans.

384  24 -1650 -1475 N Baltic Bronze   U E PL, Latvia, Lithuania, see map    L
                                        14a (19); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."

900 119  -500 #     A Baltic Finns    F {Baltic area} *{201-16}*            M
                                                                                See comment in (202-6); for consistency
                                                                                with (201-16). From the Volga area. See
                                                                                fig 2 in ref 201.

201  16  -500 -1    A Baltic Finns    F Baltic area                         L

900 126    -1 400   A Baltic Finns    F Estonia                             L
                                                                                Acc/to (201-16), (364-1).

386  44 -1250 -1100 N Baltic L.Bronze U Latvia, Lithuania, see map 16a      L
                                        (37); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Baltic Late Bronze Age.

385  21 -1475 -1250 N BalticBronze II U NE PL, Latvia, Lithuania,           L
                                        Belorussia, see map 15a (17);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Baltic Bronze Age II.

900 100 -1300 -1100 A Balts           B {Shores of Baltic, Byelorussia      L
                                        greater Russia. Along Baltic up to
                                        SW SF. To middle & upper Dnepr,
                                        upper Volga, & Oka RR. See fig 10
                                        xerox in ref 38. - [ C Russia
                                        (maps 12a(x) & & 14a(26), CS
                                        Atlas) + Along Belaja R as far as
                                        S Ural Mts.
                                        + E along Volga R & its                 Acc/to (314-9).
                                        tributaries, lower Oka, Sura,
                                        lower Vjatka, lower Kama RR. ]}
                                        *{900-97}*

900 102 -1100 -800  A Balts           B {N Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map  L
                                        17a (32); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + N
                                        Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map
                                        18a (35); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + Pripet
                                        R, Dnepr R.} + {Moscow, Vitebsk,
                                        Chernigov
                                        See under Plain Pottery or              Acc/to (38-3).
                                        Jukhnovo group, fig 297, xerox. +
                                        W Ukraine, Volhynia, Kiev.} *{900-
                                        101} + {900-103}*

900 104 -1100 -1    A Balts           B NE PL, Lithuania, Latvia, see map   L
                                        20a (15); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + W
                                        Belorussia, see map 20a (16);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Acc/to (38-3), (314-9), (389-14), (389-
                                                                                15). Gens given by authors is simply
                                                                                "Baltic Tribe Culture" so I have decided
                                                                                to use "Balts" instead.

900 106 -1100 650   A Balts           B {C Russia (maps 12a(x) & 14a(26),   L
                                        CS Atlas).} + other areas.
                                        See long record. *{900-98} +
                                        {900-100} + {900-99}* * + {38-9} -
                                        {900-102} * * - {900-104} *
                                                                                End date interpolated between this record
                                                                                and (38-21).

900 620    -1 #     A Balts           B {NE PL, Lithuania, Latvia, see      T
                                        map20a (15); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + W
                                        Belorussia, see map 20a (16);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} - {Neman & Dvina
                                        RR area,Belorussia & S Lithuania,
                                        see map 2la
                                        (6); 'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A      For consistency with (900-104) and (900-
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. + Latvia,              105). To Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia
                                        Lithuania, see map 21a (9);             & S Lithuania, see map 2la (6);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A           "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} *{900-104} -          Ceskoslovenska". + Latvia, Lithuania, see
                                        {900-105}*                              map 21a (9); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                                                                Ceskoslovenska".
                                                                                *{900-105}*

900 105    -1 200   A Balts           B Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia   L
                                        & S Lithuania, see map 21a (6);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. + Latvia,
                                        Lithuania, see map 21a (9);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Acc/to (390-5), (390-8). Also based on (38-
                                                                                16). The authors, presumably to be
                                                                                consistent in using "cultures", have
                                                                                referred to this gens as "Line Ceramic",
                                                                                while putting "Baltove" in parenthesis
                                                                                after it. Clearly, for this time period,
                                                                                there is no reason to keep the people
                                                                                separate from their ceramics, so I have
                                                                                used "Balts" as the gens name. Gens given
                                                                                by authors is "Baltic Tribe Culture" so I
                                                                                have just used "Balts". (Comment acc/to
                                                                                (390-5).)

900 107   200 400   A Balts           B {Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia  L
                                        & S Lithuania, see map 21a (6);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. + Latvia,
                                        Lithuania, see map 21a (9);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} - {Lower Vistula
                                        area.} *{900-105}
                                        - {38-17}*                              Acc/to (38-17).

 38  21   650 1850  A Balts           B Byelorussia & part of greater       I
                                        Russia.
                                                                                Slavonized. Start date interpolated
                                                                                between (900-106) and this record.

170  30   700 1200  A Balts           B S                                   R
                                                                                Slaves from the Baltic, brought in by
                                                                                Vikings.

155   9 -2700 -1900 A Barrow Graves   U Moldova, Dobrugea, Muntenia         M
                                                                                From N Pontic steppes (N of Black Sea).
                                                                                All dates for this article are
                                                                                uncalibrated C 14 (bc).

179  15 -1400 -1100 A Barrow Graves   U From Rhine R to Carpathian basin &  L
                                        (acc/to 116-1) from CSSR in N to
                                        YU in S.
                                                                                Use maps on p. 114/115 of article (ref)
                                                                                116.

225  13  -700 #     A Barrow Graves   U S F                                 M
                                                                                Not stated from where.

364  13   400 1000  A Bartans         B Area betw Mamry & Shiardwy Lakes    L
                                        (Jezero), NE PL.
                                                                                Geipel lists gens synonyms: Bo-Russians,
                                                                                Kulmians, Nadrovians, Notangians, Old
                                                                                Prussians, Pagudeans.

229  10   850 1970  A Bashkirs        T Betw Volga, Kama, Tobol & Ural RR   L
                                                                                End date: still there. Part of this area
                                                                                became the Bashkir ASSR in 1919. Occupied
                                                                                by Golden Horde who conscripted them for
                                                                                military service (ca. 1240 AD).

 12  55  -250 -200  A Bastarnae       G N & E slopes of Carpath.            L
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess.

  9  11  -200 #     A Bastarnae       G Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr   Q
                                        Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.].)
                                                                                From N & E slopes of Carpath. *{12-55}*
                                                                                Others moved elsewhere acc/to (40-66), (48-
                                                                                32).

 40  66  -200 -180  N Bastarnae       G Dobrugea                            Q
                                                                                From N & E slopes of Carpath. *{12-55}*
                                                                                acc/to (12-55). Others moved elsewhere
                                                                                acc/to (9-11) and (48-32).

 48  32  -200 #     A Bastarnae       G N & C Moldavia                      Q
                                                                                From N & E slopes of Carpath. *{12-55}*
                                                                                Others moved elsewhere acc/to (9-11), (40-
                                                                                66).

900 195  -200 230   N Bastarnae       G {Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr  L
                                        Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.].)} + {N & C
                                        Moldavia} + {Dobrugea} *{9-11} +
                                        {48-32} + {40-66}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (9-11), (40-66),
                                                                                (48-32). End date to conform to (11-56).

 46  20  -184 #     N Bastarnae       G S Serbia, defined by Novi Pazar,    A
                                        Nis, Stalac, Titov Veles, Prizren
                                        (See foldout map, end of book
                                        xeroxed).
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) *{9-11}*

 12  57  -179 #     N Bastarnae       G RP Moesia Superior S part nr        A
                                        Naissus (known as Dardania,
                                        Naissus may be mod. Nis, YU.).
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) *{9-11}* 30K stayed, rest
                                                                                returned to N shore Black Sea. Those who
                                                                                stayed were annihilated in 176 BC by
                                                                                Dardanians (acc/to (12-58)).

 40  67  -179 #     N Bastarnae       G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

128  20  -175 #     N Bastarnae       G Dardania                            A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

123  22  -150 #     A Bastarnae       G W Moesia RP                         A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 12  59   -50 #     A Bastarnae       G Balkans & Macedonia                 A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 40  75   -30 #     N Bastarnae       G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 40  77   -19 -16   N Bastarnae       G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 11  18   166 #     N Bastarnae       G RP Achaea, RP Asia                  A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 40  84   167 168   N Bastarnae       G Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 11  56   230 276   A Bastarnae       G {Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr  I
                                        Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.].) + N & C
                                        Moldavia + Dobrugea} *{900-195}*
                                                                                By Goths.

 40 102   276 #     N Bastarnae       G Thracia RP                          R
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{900-195}* (This is their older
                                                                                settlements along lower Danube) Displaced
                                                                                by Getae. 100K moved (people?). Stayed
                                                                                there.

230  16  -800 -500  A Bastetani       U Betw Almeria & Malaga               L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

900 508  -100 -57   A Batavi          G Batavia Isl. Island defined by      M
                                        branch of Waal R which in Roman
                                        times was located nr Cleve. N
                                        border by crooked Old Rhine, S
                                        border by Waal R and then after
                                        its junction with the Maas, nr
                                        Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem), the
                                        continuation
                                        of the two streams, known as the        Acc/to (187-11), from unknown area. Could
                                        Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the       be from Middle & Upper Ruhr R since they
                                        Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth      are believed a branch of the Chatti acc/to
                                        below Brielle. Some of the              (12-178). *{12-176}* End date to conform
                                        Batavians also lived S beyond Waal      to (180-11).
                                        R.

900 509  -100 400   A Batavi          G {Batavia Isl. Island defined by     L
                                        branch of Waal R which in Roman
                                        times was located nr Cleve. N
                                        border by crooked Old Rhine, S.
                                        border by Waal R and then after
                                        its junction with the Maas, nr
                                        Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem), the
                                        continuation
                                        of the two streams, known as the        Start date acc/to (180-11). Location
                                        Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the       acc/to (12-178). End date to conform to
                                        Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth      (12-185). Population estimate is 525K
                                        below Brielle. Some of the              people acc/to (180-11).
                                        Batavians also lived S beyond Waal
                                        R.} *{900-508}*

 12 185   400 500   A Batavi          G Batavia Isl. Island defined by      I
                                        branch of Waal R which in Roman
                                        times was located nr Cleve. N
                                        border by crooked Old Rhine, S
                                        border by Waal R and then after
                                        its junction with the Maas, nr
                                        Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem), the
                                        continuation
                                        of the two streams, known as the        By Franks.
                                        Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the
                                        Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth
                                        below Brielle. Some of the
                                        Batavians also lived S beyond Waal
                                        R.

369   8   200 300   A Batini          G Area betw Elbe & Nysa RR, around    L
                                        Meissen, Bautzen, & Goerlitz, DDR.
                                                                                At time of Roman Empire at greatest
                                                                                extent; Much calls them Batinoi.

170   3 -2200 -1900 A Battle Axe      U S S, E DK, SE N                     M
                                                                                At least some from east (Fatjavono
                                                                                culture).

382  22 -2200 -1800 N Battle Axe      U SCA, & Estonia, see map 12a (18: O- L
                                        Q); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                The cultures are boat shaped battle axes.
                                                                                End date to fit (383-28).

383  28 -1800 -1650 N Battle Axe      U N D, N NL, N DDR, SCA,see map 13a   L
                                        (23); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date to conform to (384-45). Culture.
                                                                                Apparent expansion to N D over (382-22).
                                                                                In SF the culture becomes Kiukais culture,
                                                                                which acc/to (202-3) is an amalgam of
                                                                                Battle Axe and primordial peoples.

196  10   700 800   A Bavarians       G U Franconia (Oberfranken, see       E
                                        Westerman's Atlas p. 17, E/F 1/2)
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus area N of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. + Upper Eisack
                                                                                (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R, Upper Drave
                                                                                (Drau) R, and Bolzano (N I) + Into Nordgau
                                                                                up to just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                                                                Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.17, G2),
                                                                                & into Alpine VV. *{900-542}*

900 543   700 800   A Bavarians       G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R. + S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.
                                        + Upper Eisack
                                        (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R,           For consistency with (196-10) and (138-3).
                                        Upper Drave (Drau) R, and Bolzano       The former Bayuvars.
                                        area (N I) + Into Nordgau up to
                                        just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                        Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.
                                        17, G2), & into Alpine VV} + {U
                                        Franconia (Oberfranken, see
                                        Westerman's
                                        Atlas p. 17, E/F 1/2)} *{900-542}
                                        + {196-10}*

138   3   800 1043  A Bavarians       G E A E of Vienna up to Leitha R      E
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus area N of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. + Upper Eisack
                                                                                (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R, Upper Drave
                                                                                (Drau) R, and Bolzano (N I) + Into Nordgau
                                                                                up to just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                                                                Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.17, G2),
                                                                                & into Alpine VV + U Franconia
                                                                                (Oberfranken, see Westerman's Atlas p.
                                                                                17, E/F 1/2). *{900-543}* Start date
                                                                                acc/to several sources (e.g., Ploetz p.
                                                                                341).

344   7  1683 #     N Bavarians       G Vienna, A                           A
                                                                                From Bavaria. Swept down slopes of
                                                                                Wienerwald, A, on September 12, 1683,
                                                                                destroying Turkish position.

900 539   488 533   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R.} *{12-152}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-152) & (12-154).
                                                                                These were formerly called Marcomanni.

 12 154   533 565   N Bayuvars        G S Bavaria, bounded in W by Lech R,  E
                                        in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                        plus area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense thin RP same as
                                                                                Upper A, W of Enns R. *{12-152}* Romanized
                                                                                pop in these areas was assimilated by
                                                                                Bayuvars.

900 540   533 565   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R.} + {S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.}
                                        *{12-152} +
                                        {12-154}*                               For consistency with (12-154) and (12-155).

 12 155   565 600   N Bayuvars        G Upper Eisack (Isarco) R, Rienz      E
                                        (Rienza) R, Upper Drave (Drau) R,
                                        and Bolzano area (N I)
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus area N of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. *{900-540}*
                                                                                Includes information acc/to (12-156).

900 541   565 600   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R. + S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.}
                                        + {Upper Eisack
                                        (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R,           For consistency with (12-155) and (196-9).
                                        Upper Drave (Drau) R, and Bolzano
                                        area (N I)} *{900-540} + {12-155}*

196   9   600 700   A Bayuvars        G Into Nordgau up to just before      E
                                        Nuremberg, parts of Oberpfalz (see
                                        Westermans Atlas p. 17, G2), &
                                        into Alpine VV
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus Boehmerwald and Danube R plus area N
                                                                                of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. + Upper Eisack (Isarco) R,
                                                                                Rienz (Rienza) R, Upper Drave (Drau) R,
                                                                                and Bolzano area (N I). *{900-541}*

900 542   600 700   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R. + S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR +
                                        Upper Eisack
                                        (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R,           For consistency with (196-9) and (196-10).
                                        Upper Drave (Drau) R, and Bolzano
                                        area (N I)} + {Into Nordgau up to
                                        just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                        Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.
                                        17, G2), & into Alpine VV} *{900-
                                        541} + {196-9}*

 20   9   850 896   N Bayuvars        G Pannonia RP & E of Danube in        L
                                        Carpathian basin.
                                                                                Residual population. (We do not have a
                                                                                record moving them into Pannonia.)

900 945  -800 -650  A Belgae          K B                                   L
                                                                                These may not all represent the same
                                                                                people through the entire time span. Until
                                                                                Caesar's time they may simply be Celts who
                                                                                resided in B. Not clear how they got
                                                                                there. (17-31) mentions Lower D, and G.
                                                                                Herm suggests SCA, but these are
                                                                                minority opinions. Start date for
                                                                                consistency with (27-112), (27-113),
                                                                                supported by (27-46) & (27-6). Attested to
                                                                                in 600 to 500 BC in (27-63). End date for
                                                                                consistency with (27-113).

 27 113  -650 -600  A Belgae          K Champagne                           E
                                                                                From B.

 27 112  -650 -600  A Belgae          K England & Ireland                   Q
                                                                                From B.

900 946  -650 -100  A Belgae          K {B} + {Champagne} *{900-945} + {27- L
                                        113}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-113). End
                                                                                date to conform to various subtribes
                                                                                moving to England (e.g. (27-162)).
                                                                                Location confirmed by (307-1).

 27 121  -600 #     A Belgae          K E                                   Q
                                                                                From B. They must have stayed in E for
                                                                                some time since refs (27-127), (27-128), &
                                                                                (27-129) refer to tribes that amalgamated
                                                                                with the Belgae between 550 & 500 BC, but
                                                                                we have no specific record on locations of
                                                                                Belgae in E.

 27  89  -298 -279  N Belgae          K Bulgaria, Illyria Macedonia,        A
                                        Paeonia (in Balkans), Thrace,
                                        Delphi.
                                                                                From B. With other unnamed Celts.

 27 133  -275 #     A Belgae          K Upper I                             Q
                                                                                From B.

180   4  -250 #     A Belgae          K B                                   M
                                                                                From E of Rhine R. These may not be the
                                                                                same Belgae as those already in B. Infused
                                                                                with German genetic elements. Note that
                                                                                (143-55) times this event 150 to 125 BC.

 53  23  -600 -500  A Beli            K Duero (Douro) RV                    M
                                                                                From N of Pyrenees.

 44   5 -2200 -1550 A Bell Beakers    U All of GB & IRL                     L
                                                                                Author believes that the people bearing
                                                                                this culture migrated to this locality
                                                                                from the continent (by implications); but
                                                                                he was an arch migrationist. This includes
                                                                                both A & B Beaker cultures. Start date
                                                                                acc/to (44-4).

172  12 -2200 -1700 A Bell Beakers    U NW Transdanubia, H (see Map p. 14   L
                                        in ref 131)
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (131-4).

901 118 -2200 -1900 A Bell Beakers    U N I, W Sicily, Bohemia & Moravia    L
                                                                                Combined from (26-1), (26-2), (152-5). In
                                                                                N I Remedello Culture; in W Sicily Conca
                                                                                d'Oro Culture.

901 119 -2200 -1550 A Bell Beakers    U Iberia, F, D, N B, C NL             L
                                                                                Culture. Combined from (167-5), (383-47),
                                                                                (384-55), (382-25), (179-12), (180-2), and
                                                                                (181-3).

230  10  -800 -500  A Belli           U S of present Basque region of E, W  L
                                        of Urgel Plain in Ebro RV.
                                                                                These are Celtiberians.

 27 116  -650 -600  A Bellovaci       K Nr Beauvais, F                      L

 27 130  -600 #     A Bellovaci       K Guadalajara, Segovia & Avila, E     M
                                                                                From near Beauvais, F *{27-116}* No record
                                                                                of how long they remained there.

386  31 -1200 -1100 N Belogrudov      U SE Ukraine, see map 16a (32);       L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Originated from Trziniec &
                                                                                Komarov cultures acc/to (13-20).

 13  20 -1100 -800  A Belogrudov      U Volhynia, Podolia & Ukraine;        L
                                        forest steppes; center S of Kiev.
                                                                                Culture. Originated from Trziniec &
                                                                                Komarov cultures. Expansion from (386-31),
                                                                                but no movement recorded. Not comment by
                                                                                author that Belogrudov culture continues
                                                                                in Zarubincy culture. Yet I have a 600-yr
                                                                                gap at the moment from 800 to
                                                                                200 BC.

900 655  1400 1970  A Belorussians    S Belorussia                          L
                                                                                Start date: to connect with various E.
                                                                                Slavic tribes in the area. End date:
                                                                                currently present. Ref (213-2) states:
                                                                                9052K people. The population figures from
                                                                                this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than 212) have been updated from
                                                                                1970 census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica.

901  91     1 1970  A Berbers         O N Africa                            L
                                                                                Specifically mentioned in Carthage area in
                                                                                650 AD by (34-7). Still in N. Africa, but
                                                                                in mt regions. Afro-Asiatic speakers.

 34   9   711 #     N Berbers         O Cordoba, Toledo                     C
                                                                                From N Africa. Accompanied Arabs.

232  37   725 740   A Berbers         O Spain other than Andalusia          Q
                                                                                Majority of the Muslim immigrants to E
                                                                                (from Mauretania).

232  38   745 #     N Berbers         O N Africa                            Q
                                                                                From Spain other than Andalusia. *{232-
                                                                                37}* Because of famine after civil war
                                                                                with Arabs.

 53  15  -800 -700  A Beribraki       K Catalonia, Aragon                   M
                                                                                From Rhine R & Rodano R (Rhone).

 53  17  -700 -600  A Beroni          K Navarra (E). See map p.36.          M
                                                                                From F or D. We don't know how long they
                                                                                remained as an identifyable ethnic unit.

118   5   500 600   A Bersiti         S YU Macedonia                        S
                                                                                From NE.

388  16  -700 -600  N Besarabi        U S R, see map 18a (16a);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This is referred to as the Besarabi group.

 27  40  -800 -750  A Bibroki         K Bretagne                            M
                                                                                Not stated from where.

369   2   200 300   A Biessi          U Area betw Rzeszow & Przemysl, W of  L
                                        San R in Galicia region of SE PL.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

900 262  -800 -700  A Bithynians      P Mid Strymon (Struma) RV             L
                                                                                Acc/to (40-17) & (119-7).

900 263  -700 #     A Bithynians      P Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr       M
                                        Hellespont), Sea of Marmara (both
                                        coasts).
                                                                                Acc/to (39-26). From Mid Strymon (Struma)
                                                                                RV. *{900-262}*

900 264  -700 -600  A Bithynians      P {Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr      L
                                        Hellespont), Sea of Marmara (both
                                        coasts).} *{900-263}*
                                                                                Acc/to (119-6) and (39-26). We are not
                                                                                given a termination date. 600 BC is a
                                                                                guess only.

 17  26  -275 #     A BV              K Bordelais nr Buch (probably in      M
                                        Aquitaine or Languedos, F)
                                                                                Not stated from where. Bituriges Vivisci
                                                                                abbreviated as BV.(It has been added to
                                                                                the people synonymn list.) (May be a
                                                                                subgroup of Biturigi.)

 27  58  -800 -400  A Biturigi        K Betw Eifel & Hunsrueck Mts          L
                                                                                Start date acc/to this record. End date
                                                                                inferred from (27-64) Ref 143, p. 32.

 27  59  -700 -650  A Biturigi        K Bourges & Lower Garonne areas       Q
                                                                                From Betw Eifel & Hunsrueck Mts *{27-58}*

356   3  -700 -58   N Biturigi        K Area S of Loire R, betw Poitou &    L
                                        Bourbonnais regions, F (area
                                        around Bourges)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-59).

 27  64  -400 #     A Biturigi        K N I                                 M
                                                                                From between Eifel & Hunsrueck Mts *{27-
                                                                                58}*

305   7 -1700 -400  A Black Sea       U E ROM, E BG, S SU, around Black     L
                                        Sea and C SU.
                                                                                Full name: Black Sea Culture Area.

302  34   800 1000  A Bobrane         S Betw Bobr and Nysa Luzicka RR, PL.  L
                                                                                End date from (371-5). (Syn. Boborane).
                                                                                Will become part of the Poles.

369   5   200 300   A Bodini          U Rastavica R area, betw Kazatin &    L
                                        Belaja, (SW of Kiev), SU.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

384  16 -1650 -1550 N Boeheimkirchen  U NE A, see map 14a (12a);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. "Height of Central European
                                                                                Bronze Age."

 27  29  -800 -400  A Boii            K Betw Main & Danube RR               L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date: to allow for
                                                                                migration to Italy (143-37) and to Bohemia
                                                                                (900-965).

 27  61  -700 -650  A Boii            K Landes                              Q
                                                                                From between Main and Danube RR *{27-29}*
                                                                                Nothing learned of their fate in F. The
                                                                                greater part of the Boii went to Italy and
                                                                                Bohemia.

900 965  -600 -500  A Boii            K {W CS} *{307-10}*                   Q
                                                                                From between Main & Danube RR *{27-29}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (307-10). This
                                                                                may be too early.

307  10  -600 -300  A Boii            K Bohemia & Moravia, CS               L
                                                                                Start date from ref. End date to conform
                                                                                to (19-9). Not clear whether a second wave
                                                                                of Celts (ca. 350 BC) that amalgamated
                                                                                with earlier ones (17-19) contributed to
                                                                                the Boii.

900 967  -400 #     A Boii            K Middle Silesia                      E
                                                                                From Bohemia & Moravia, CS *{307-10}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (900-965) & (6-
                                                                                4).

143  37  -400 -375  A Boii            K S shore Po R up to Apennine Mts     M
                                        (includes Bologna acc/to (27-74))
                                                                                From between Main & Danube RR *{27-29}*
                                                                                via Lorraine where they displaced the
                                                                                Senoni.

  6   4  -400 -50   A Boii            K Middle Silesia                      L
                                                                                Syn. Bojern. End date acc/to (6-5). Driven
                                                                                out or subjected by Vandals.

900 966  -400 -190  A Boii            K {S shore Po R up to Apennine Mts    L
                                        (includes Bologna acc/to (27-
                                        74))}*{143-37}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (143-37). End
                                                                                date destruction by Romans acc/to (17-36).

 19   9  -300 -100  A Boii            K E Lower A, S of Bohemia and         E
                                        Moravia to Danube R, W H, SW
                                        Slovakia
                                                                                From Bohemia & Moravia, CS *{307-10}*
                                                                                Reference to W H supported by (110-3) &
                                                                                (19-12), to SW Slovakia by (19-12).

900 968  -300 -44   A Boii            K {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower  L
                                        A, S of Bohemia and Moravia to
                                        Danube R, W H, SW Slovakia} *{307-
                                        10} + {19-9}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (19-9).
                                                                                End date latest of several giving their
                                                                                defeat and destruction by Dacians (acc/to
                                                                                (110-6)). Center of area dominated by Boii
                                                                                around Bratislava.

 27  87  -298 -279  N Boii            K Bulgaria, Illyria Macedonia,        A
                                        Paeonia (in Balkans), Thrace,
                                        Delphi.
                                                                                From {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower A,
                                                                                S of Bohemia and Moravia to Danube R, W H,
                                                                                SW Slovakia} *{900-968}* With other
                                                                                unnamed Celts.

165  95   -58 #     A Boii            K Gaul betw Loire & Allier RR         S
                                        (acc/to E)
                                                                                From {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower A,
                                                                                S of Bohemia and Moravia to Danube R, W H,
                                                                                SW Slovakia} *{900-968}* Not stated but
                                                                                inferred. 'They first went to Noricum,
                                                                                then joined Helvetii.' These may have been
                                                                                a dislodged group after Boii
                                                                                defeat by Dacians. Went there with
                                                                                Helvetii, who were defeated by Caesar and
                                                                                returned to CH, but Boii were resettled by
                                                                                him in this area acc/to E (article on
                                                                                Boii).

900 969   -44 200   A Boii            K {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower  I
                                        A, S of Bohemia and Moravia to
                                        Danube R, W H, SW Slovakia} *{900-
                                        968}*
                                                                                Acc/to (110-35) in Pannonia RP. But
                                                                                presumably the same happened in rest of
                                                                                area. From parts of it the Boii were
                                                                                expelled (Bohemia & Moravia in 8 BC by the
                                                                                Marcomanni acc/to E; from N. Pannonia by
                                                                                Dacians resulting in the deserta Boiorum
                                                                                acc/to (165-20)). Assimilation by Romans
                                                                                in Pannonia, by Marcomanni and Quadi in
                                                                                Bohemia, Moravia & Slovakia.

234  51   100 300   A Borani          S Lower Don R region                  L
                                                                                Their Slavic ethnicity not certain. End
                                                                                date by inference from (234-52).

234  52   257 #     N Borani          S Pitiunt (modern Picunda or          N
                                        Pitzunda) E shore Black Sea.
                                                                                From Lower Don R region. *{234-51}*
                                                                                Together with Goths.

234   9  -600 -200  A Boristhenitae   R Betw Ingulets & Ingul RR            L
                                                                                Agriculturalists. (SYN = Scythian-
                                                                                Georgoi). Mixed with Greeks.

194  24   650 700   A Boructuarii     G Lippe-Ruhr RR area                  L
                                                                                Much says unrelated to earlier Bructeri.

149  42  1322 1391  N Bosnians        S Hercegovina, Cetina R mouth (on     E
                                        Adriatic), Upper Drina R,
                                        Trebinije (YU).
                                                                                From Bosnia.

 51  36   800 900   A Branicevci      S E Alps & Pannonia                   L
                                                                                Location is unclear. These are S. Slavs.

143  63   447 664   A Bretons         K Brittany                            Q
                                                                                From Devon & Cornwall, to escape
                                                                                Anglosaxons (acc/to (140-15)).

900 993   447 1970  N Bretons         K Brittany                            L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (143-63). End
                                                                                date: still there, although now many are
                                                                                French speakers.

 53  76  1072 1109  N Bretons         K Sahagun Zone: Logrono, Santo        R
                                        Domingo de la Calzada, Najera,
                                        Burgos, Castrojeriz, Carrion de
                                        los Condes, Leon, Astorga,
                                        Ponferrada, Lugo, Puerto Marin &
                                        Santiago de Compostela.
                                                                                From Brittany. Not many. Resettled by King
                                                                                Alfonso VI.

900 334  -300 100   N Breuci          Y Modern Sirmia (Srem, YU)            L
                                                                                Acc/to (51-18), (165-21), (110-13);
                                                                                Pannonian tribe.

368   4     1 100   N Breuni          U Area just S of Innsbruck, to E of   L
                                        Rhaetian Alps, A.
                                                                                End date: guess. Might be Celts.

349   4  -100 1     A Brigantes       K Area around Bregenz, on SE coast L  L
                                        Constance, A.
                                                                                Unlikely that they are related to tribe of
                                                                                same name in N England (44-18).

 44  18   -50 50    A Brigantes       K N England (see map 26 in Geipel:    L
                                        The Europeans)
                                                                                Not clear whether Celtics of Celticized
                                                                                Aborigines. Dates approximate. Unlikely
                                                                                that they are related to tribe of same
                                                                                name along Bodensee (349-4).

 12  31   500 550   A Brioni          K Brenner Pass (Tyrol)                L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (1-45). Syn. Breoni.

171   5   900 1000  A British         K Iceland                             Q
                                                                                Slaves from IRL, brought by Vikings but
                                                                                undoubtedly mixed in with Germanic
                                                                                peoples. Probably a very small number.

346   3  1918 1919  A British         G Archangel & immediate area to S,SU  A
                                                                                From GB. Anti-Bolshevik forces from the
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

346   6  1918 1919  A British         G Via Murmansk, S to area W of White  A
                                        Sea, N SU.
                                                                                From GB. Anti-Bolshevik forces from
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

346  16  1918 #     A British         G Novorossiysk, on Black Sea, S SU    A
                                                                                From GB. Entente fleet attack on towns
                                                                                controlled by Bolsheviks since 1917.

 27 139  -400 -300  A Britons         K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                145) and (27-147). Remaining unnamed
                                                                                tribes.

 27 145  -300 -240  A Britons         K Scottish W coast                    Q
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-139}*. Remaining
                                                                                unnamed tribes.

 27 147  -240 -200  A Britons         K Ulster, Connaught, nr Dublin        Q
                                        Leinster & Co. Mayo
                                                                                From W coast of Scotland.

 27 176   449 #     N Britons         K Wales                               Q
                                                                                From England. Pushed out by Saxons.

 32  56   950 1240  A Brodniki        S Don R area                          L
                                                                                Start date by inference from text; end
                                                                                date is Mongol assault.

201   3 -1300 -500  A Bronze Age      U Along entire coast of SF            L
                                                                                Culture.

387  48  -800 -700  N Bronze-Iron Age U Serbia & SW ROM, see map 17a (14);  L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Bronze-Iron Age
                                                                                Transition in Serbia."

 51 129   575 625   A Brsjaci         S Betw Crna & Treska RR betw LL       M
                                        Ohrid & Prespan, & in N up to
                                        Titov Veles & Kiceva (Kicevo), YU
                                        Macedonia.
                                                                                From NE (probably Valachia).

900 706   575 978   A Brsjaci         S {Betw Crna & Treska RR betw LL      L
                                        Ohrid & Prespan, & in N up to
                                        Titov Veles & Kiceva (Kicevo), YU
                                        Macedonia.} *{51-129}
                                                                                For consistency with (51-129). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

183  23   -27 97    A Bructeri        G Between Upper Lippe & Ems RR (Abb   L
                                        4).
                                                                                End date acc/to (12-201).

 12 202    97 #     A Bructeri        G Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR               M
                                                                                Remainder of tribe. Eventually absorbed by
                                                                                Franks. From area between Upper Lippe &
                                                                                Ems RR (Abb 4). *{183-23}*

900 552    97 450   A Bructeri        G {Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR} *{12-202}*  L
                                                                                End date is a guess (see (2-16)).
                                                                                Eventually absorbed by Franks acc/to (12-
                                                                                202).

320  15  -500 -356  A Brutti          I Calabria (less (26-48); these are   L
                                        the Greek coastal cities), S I
                                                                                End date to conform to (26-48). Part of
                                                                                the Oscan groups. Not clear whether
                                                                                descendants of Italici.

 26  48  -356 #     N Brutti          I Calabria Conquered all Greek        C
                                        cities but Croton & Thurii, S I.
                                                                                Branched off the Lucani. Part of the Oscan
                                                                                groups. Not clear whether descendants of
                                                                                Italici.

900 998  -356 -80   A Brutti          I {Calabria (less (26-48); these are  L
                                        the Greek coastal cities), S I} +
                                        {Calabria Conquered all Greek
                                        cities but Croton & Thurii, S I.}
                                        *{320-15} + {26-48}*
                                                                                End date mentioned in Atlas of Roman
                                                                                World, p. 62. Part of the Oscan groups.
                                                                                Not clear whether descendants of Italici.

 47  25 -1190 -1140 A Brygi           P Upper Vardar R into Pelagonia &     M
                                        Lyncus. To N & C Albania & Epirus.
                                        Another group went into C
                                        Macedonia plain below Edessa, area
                                        W of Axius R. (ref 47, map 1)
                                                                                From H. They are related to, but probably
                                                                                not identical with the Phrygians.

 47  38 -1190 -1050 A Brygi           P Epidamnos (N Albania) & Mati RV     L

900 260 -1190 -492  A Brygi           P {Upper Vardar R into Pelagonia &    L
                                        Lyncus. To N & C Albania & Epirus.
                                        Another group went into C
                                        Macedonia plain below Edessa, area
                                        W of Axius R. (ref 47, map 1)} -
                                        {Epidamnos (N Albania) & Mati
                                        RV} - {N Albanian plains} *{47-
                                        25} - {47-38}
                                        - {900-261}*                            Acc/to (165-24). Subjugated by Persians,
                                                                                they partly served in Xerxes' army.

900 261 -1190 -800  A Brygi           P N Albanian plains                   L
                                                                                Acc/to (47-61); pushed out by Dardani.

 47  45 -1140 -1120 N Brygi           P Mycenae                             S
                                                                                From Upper Vardar R into Pelagonia &
                                                                                Lyncus. To N & C Albania & Epirus. Another
                                                                                group went into C Macedonia plain below
                                                                                Edessa, area W of Axius R. (ref 47, map
                                                                                1) - Epidamnos (N Albania) & Mati RV - N
                                                                                Albanian plains. *{900-260}* Some
                                                                                followed the Dorians down to Peloponnese.

 47  61  -800 -650  A Brygi           P Mountainous interior of N Albania.  M
                                                                                Pushed by Dardani into the northern hills.
                                                                                From N Albanian plains. *{900-261}*

234  16  -500 -400  A Budini          U Upper Don & lower Donets RR         L

369   6   200 300   A Buguntae        U Warta R area around Poznan, PL      L
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

 47  10 -1900 -1600 A Bukri           U W Macedonia (for the location of    L
                                        the Bukri site itself, see Map 19,
                                        No. 9, in ref.)
                                                                                Culture. Overthrew more artistic and
                                                                                advanced Crnobuki culture. For further
                                                                                cultures (not captured) see chronology on
                                                                                p. 214. Middle Helladic period.

234 144   803 805   N Bulgarians      S Both banks Danube R up to Tisza R   C
                                        mouth. Also Pannonia E of Tisza R
                                        (see (149-14)).
                                                                                From BG. Incorporates information from
                                                                                (149-14), confirmed in Putzger, p.41.

900 657   803 809   N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            To conform to (234-144) & (149-15).
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,
                                        Adrianople).} - {Sofia,
                                        Adrianople} *{234-145} - {149-15}*

149  15   809 814   N Bulgarians      S Sofia, Adrianople                   E
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). -
                                                                                Sofia, Adrianople. *{900-657}*

234 145   809 827   N Bulgarians      S W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to  L
                                        Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (149-15). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date to conform to (234-14).
                                        Adrianople).

149  18   814 831   A Bulgarians      S LL Ochrid & Prespa                  A
                                                                                Dates because during the reign of Czar
                                                                                Omurtag. To W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R
                                                                                E to Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian
                                                                                Mts; along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E
                                                                                across Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                                                                along Dnestr to Black Sea.
                                                                                S border not stated by author but probably
                                                                                not quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). +
                                                                                Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR). *{900-
                                                                                658}*

234 148   818 820   N Bulgarians      S Dnepr R area                        A
                                                                                From BG.

234 149   827 #     N Bulgarians      S Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR).  C
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople).
                                                                                *{234-145}*

900 658   827 896   N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (234-149). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date is Magyar landtaking.
                                        Adrianople).} + {Srem area (betw
                                        Sava & Danube RR).} *{234-145} +
                                        {234-149}*

900 659   896 #     N Bulgarians      S Pannonia E of Tisza R               T
                                                                                To allow for Magyar landtaking. To W
                                                                                boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to Upper
                                                                                Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts; along
                                                                                Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not quite up to
                                                                                modern S border of BG. (Included Pliska,
                                                                                Preslav, Adrianople). + Srem area (betw
                                                                                Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of Tisza
                                                                                R. *{900-660}*

900 660   896 1230  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (900-659). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date acc/to (149-35). We are ignoring the
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw          conquest of the Bulgarian Empire by
                                        Sava & Danube RR).} - {Pannonia E       Byzantium during this period (in 1018).
                                        of Tisza R} *{900-658} - {900-659}*

149  24   913 #     N Bulgarians      S Constantinople                      A
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). +
                                                                                Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR). -
                                                                                Pannonia E of Tisza R. *{900-660}*

900 661   927 #     N Bulgarians      S Constantinople                      
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). +
                                                                                Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR). -
                                                                                Pannonia E of Tisza R. *{900-660}*

149  35  1230 #     N Bulgarians      S N Albania, Macedonia & W Thrace.    C
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not quite
                                                                                up to modern S border of BG. (Included
                                                                                Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). + Srem area
                                                                                (betw Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of
                                                                                Tisza R. *{900-660}*

900 662  1230 1600  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date for consistency with (149-35).
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              End date to conform to (114-20).
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of
                                        Tisza R} + {N Albania, Macedonia &
                                        W Thrace} *{900-660} + {149-35}*

149  45  1393 #     N Bulgarians      S AM                                  R
                                                                                From Turnovo, BG, by Turks. Majority of
                                                                                inhabitants.

114  20  1500 1600  A Bulgarians      S Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                By Macedonian Slavs.

900 663  1600 1924  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (114-20). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date acc/to (347-26), (347-31), (347-32),
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw          & (347-38). (May need adjustment for areas
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of      other than Macedonia where Bulgarians were
                                        Tisza R + N Albania, Macedonia & W      assimilated.)
                                        Thrace. } - {Macedonia, (YU, GR)}
                                        *{900-662} - {114-20}*

213   4  1900 1970  N Bulgarians      S Part of Ukraine annexed from ROM    L
                                        in 1940.
                                                                                Start date provisional. End date: present
                                                                                time. 300-1000K people. The population
                                                                                figures from this book (a generally more
                                                                                detailed reference than 212) have been
                                                                                updated from 1970 census. Figures obtained
                                                                                from the Encyclopedia Brittanica.
                                                                                Acc/to (213-4) some Bulgarians live in a
                                                                                few villages. Others were either
                                                                                restricted to BG or absorbed by the
                                                                                Russian or Ukrainian group. (Not in logic
                                                                                chart. We don't know how they got there at
                                                                                this point.)

347  26  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                120K from NE GR.

347  31  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                70K from European TR, along border of BG.

347  32  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                50K from R (probably from Dobrugea).

347  38  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                30K from border regions in Serbia &
                                                                                Macedonia that became YU.

900 664  1924 1940  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (347-26), (347-
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              31), (347-32), & (347-38). End date: post
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw          WWII adjustment of territory.
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of
                                        Tisza R + N Albania, Macedonia & W
                                        Thrace. - Macedonia, (YU, GR)} -
                                        {BG} - {BG} - {BG} - {BG} *{900-
                                        663} - {347-26}
                                        * * - {347-31} - {347-32} * * -
                                        {347-38} *

900 665  1940 #     N Bulgarians      S NE corner of current BG (see map    E
                                        5, p. 269, Times Atlas of World
                                        History)
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople) +
                                                                                Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR) -
                                                                                Pannonia E of Tisza R + N Albania,
                                                                                Macedonia & W Thrace - Macedonia, (YU,
                                                                                GR) - BG. *{900-664}* Acc/to map 5, p.
                                                                                269, Times
                                                                                Atlas of World History.

900 666  1940 1970  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (900-665). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date: present time.
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of
                                        Tisza R + N Albania, Macedonia & W
                                        Thrace. - Macedonia, (YU, GR) -
                                        BG} + {NE corner of current BG
                                        (see map 5, p.
                                        269, Times Atlas of World
                                        History)} *{900-664} + {900-665}*

900 374   550 680   A Bulgars         T S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts  L
                                        of Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban
                                        R) up to the Dnepr.)
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz p.372, amalgamated there
                                                                                from Saraguri, Oguri & Onoguri with rests
                                                                                of Huns after Attila's death. Origin of
                                                                                these populations from the East.

234  64   558 559   N Bulgars         T Thrace & Macedonia                  A
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* With Slavs (see
                                                                                (234-65)).

 31  28   680 #     N Bulgars         T Middle Volga R (around Kama R       Q
                                        mouth).
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* To form Volga-
                                                                                Bulgar empire. This is part of the Bulgars
                                                                                from Bulgar Empire after its breakup.
                                                                                Among their present day descendants
                                                                                are the Chuvash (acc/to (32-57)).

149  10   680 #     N Bulgars         T Betw Isker R, Balkans & Black Sea   Q
                                        (capital Pliska, BG).
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* To form Danube-
                                                                                Bulgarian Empire. Part of Bulgars only
                                                                                (Asparukh's horde; after the death of Kurt
                                                                                or Kuvrath).

900 381   680 969   A Bulgars         T {S Russia (Pontic steppes nr        I
                                        coasts of Sea of Azov (or even the
                                        Kuban R) up to the Dnepr.)} *{900-
                                        374}*
                                                                                By Khazars. Indirectly acc/to (31-30). By
                                                                                969 AD Khazars were conquered by Russians,
                                                                                so by that time at latest they must have
                                                                                assimilated the Bulgars.

900 379   680 800   A Bulgars         T {Betw Isker R, Balkans & Black Sea  L
                                        (capital Pliska, BG).} *{149-10}*
                                                                                Leading stratum of Slavic population (many
                                                                                refs). For consistency with (149-10) and
                                                                                (13-42).

234 115   712 #     N Bulgars         T S Thrace, Golden Horn (nr           A
                                        Istanbul, TR).
                                                                                From BG. Undoubtedly led by Bulgars, but
                                                                                troops probably mostly Bulgars also, see
                                                                                paragraph before (234-141).

234 139   756 #     N Bulgars         T Constantinople                      A
                                                                                From BG. Undoubtedly led by Bulgars, but
                                                                                troops probably mostly Bulgars also, see
                                                                                paragraph before (234-141).

900 656   762 #     N Bulgars         T {S Thrace} *{234-141}* *{234-141}   A
                                        is a 'Slavs' record.*
                                                                                From BG. The largely Bulgar army was
                                                                                accompanied by a levy of 20K Slavic troops.

 13  42   800 900   A Bulgars         T {Betw Isker R, Balkans & Black Sea  I
                                        (capital Pliska, BG).} *{149-10}*
                                                                                By Slavs.

 16   5  -200 1     A Burgundians     G Oder-Vistula region See map 6,      L
                                        upper panel.
                                                                                Acc/to La Baume. Typical view of German &
                                                                                Western scholars. Contrast with Slavic
                                                                                views given in (16-13) to (16-20).

170   9  -200 -150  A Burgundians     G Bornholm (Island)                   L
                                                                                Start date conservative. End date to
                                                                                conform to (170-13). But note that (185-
                                                                                10) considers Burgundians to have
                                                                                originated along middle Oder R.

170  13  -150 -100  A Burgundians     G Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map    M
                                        6, ref 16).
                                                                                From Bornholm Is. But Wenskus (ref 9)
                                                                                argues that their large numbers call for a
                                                                                larger area of origin- S SCA.

900 477  -150 250   A Burgundians     G Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map    L
                                        6, ref 16). *{170-13}*
                                                                                Acc/to (12-44), (12-45), (12-46). (Located
                                                                                E of Semnones & N of Lugii (germanic
                                                                                tribes) acc/to (192-1)).

192   1   150 #     A Burgundians     G W limit Flaeming Region & Mulde R   Q
                                        with Duebener Heide, S: Lausitz &
                                        Sudeten Mts, E: Bobr R, N:
                                        WartaLowlands & forested slopes of
                                        Mecklenburg Hills, also
                                        Schorfheide and S Uckermark. (See
                                        map 6/8, Westermanns Hausatlas.)
                                                                                From Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map 6,
                                                                                ref 16). *{900-477}*

900 479   150 250   A Burgundians     G {W limit Flaeming Region & Mulde R  L
                                        with Duebener Heide, S: Lausitz &
                                        Sudeten Mts, E: Bobr R, N: Warta
                                        Lowlands & forested slopes of
                                        Mecklenburg Hills, also
                                        Schorfheide and S Uckermark. (See
                                        map 6/8, Westermanns Hausatlas.)}
                                        *{192-1}*
                                                                                For consistency with (192-1) & (12-47).

192   3   250 288   N Burgundians     G Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R &  M
                                        Kocher.
                                                                                In late 4th C 80K warriors. From W. limit
                                                                                Flaeming Region & Mulde R with Duebener
                                                                                Heide, S: Lausitz & Sudeten Mts, E: Bobr
                                                                                R, N: Warta Lowlands & forested slopes of
                                                                                Mecklenburg Hills, also Schorfheide and S
                                                                                Uckermark. (See map 6/8, Westermanns
                                                                                Hausatlas.) *{900-479}*

 12  45   250 290   A Burgundians     G Black Sea                           Q
                                                                                From Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map 6,
                                                                                ref 16). *{900-477}*  Small part of the
                                                                                population that had remained were
                                                                                vanquished by Gepids, and started
                                                                                wandering. Were destroyed
                                                                                at Black Sea by ?

900 478   250 451   A Burgundians     G {Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R   L
                                        & Kocher.} *{192-3}*
                                                                                To conform with (192-3) and ref 12.

192   2   278 #     N Burgundians     G Raetia RP(Lech R nr Augsburg)       A
                                                                                From W. Limit Flaeming Region & Mulde R
                                                                                with Duebener Heide, S: Lausitz & Sudeten
                                                                                Mts, E: Bobr R, N: Warta Lowlands &
                                                                                forested slopes of Mecklenburg Hills, also
                                                                                Schorfheide and S Uckermark. (See map 6/8,
                                                                                Westermanns Hausatlas.) *{192-1}*

192   8   406 #     N Burgundians     G Worms, Speyer, Strasbourg, Mainz    Q
                                                                                From Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R &
                                                                                Kocher. *{192-3}*

900 480   406 #     N Burgundians     G Palatinate (Pfalz), E area W of     Q
                                        Rhine downstream of Koblenz in E
                                        corner of RP Germania II.
                                                                                Acc/to (166-13) & (11-105). From Main &
                                                                                Neckar RR area nr Jagst R & Kocher. *{192-
                                                                                3}*

900 481   406 436   N Burgundians     G {Palatinate (Pfalz), & area W of    L
                                        Rhine downstream of Koblenz in E
                                        corner of RP Germania II.} +
                                        {Worms, Speyer, Strasbourg, Mainz}
                                        *{900-480} + {192-8}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-480) & (12-51).

192  10   411 #     N Burgundians     G S Gaul                              A
                                                                                From Palatinate (Pfalz), & area W of Rhine
                                                                                downstream of Koblenz in E corner of RP
                                                                                Germania II. + Worms, Speyer, Strasbourg,
                                                                                Mainz. *{900-481}*

192  11   435 #     N Burgundians     G Belgica I RP                        A
                                                                                From Palatinate (Pfalz), & area W of Rhine
                                                                                downstream of Koblenz in E corner of RP
                                                                                Germania II. + Worms, Speyer, Strasbourg,
                                                                                Mainz. *{900-481}* Lost 20K men to Romans.

 12  52   436 443   N Burgundians     G S of L Geneva City of Geneva,       R
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble.
                                                                                From Palatinate (Pfalz), & area W of Rhine
                                                                                downstream of Koblenz in E corner of RP
                                                                                Germania II. + Worms, Speyer, Strasbourg,
                                                                                Mainz. *{900-481}* Burgundians from W of
                                                                                Rhine who had escaped the Huns. Start date
                                                                                acc/to (12-51). After being
                                                                                defeated by Romans and losing 20K warriors
                                                                                (see also (192-11)). Rest of pop. = 50K,
                                                                                acc/to (166-14).

900 482   436 457   N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      L
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble.} *{12-52}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-52) & (12-53).

900 485   451 455   N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      Q
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble.} *{900-482}*
                                                                                Travelled with Huns (Attila) presumably
                                                                                settled with their fellow tribesmen W of
                                                                                Rhine after being repulsed by Gepids. From
                                                                                Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R & Kocher.
                                                                                *{900-478}*

 12  53   457 474   N Burgundians     G RP Lugdunensis I as well as cities  E
                                        of Lyon, Die (on Drome R), Vienne
                                        & Vaison. Middle & Upper Aare R up
                                        to Solothurn was Eastern Boundary
                                        of Burgandy. The Rhenish areas of
                                        CH (Basel & Windisch were never
                                        Burgundian.
                                                                                From area S of L Geneva, City of Geneva,
                                                                                Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth of the
                                                                                Rhone R into L. Geneva) & Grenoble. *{900-
                                                                                482}*

900 483   457 482   N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      L
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble.} +
                                        {RP Lugdunensis I as well as            For consistency with (12-53) & (17-46).
                                        cities of Lyon, Die (on Drome R),
                                        Vienne & Vaison. Middle & Upper
                                        Aare R up to Solothurn was Eastern
                                        Boundary of Burgandy. The Rhenish
                                        areas of CH (Basel & Windisch were
                                        never Burgundian.} *{12-52} + {12-
                                        53}*

900 484   482 #     N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      E
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble. +
                                        RP Lugdunensis I as well as cities      For consistency with (17-46). From S of L
                                        of Lyon, Die (on Drome R), Vienne       Geneva City of Geneva, Ebrudunum
                                        & Vaison. Middle & Upper Aare R up      (Villeneuve at the mouth of the Rhone R
                                        to Solothurn was Eastern Boundary       into L. Geneva) & Grenoble. +
                                        of Burgandy. The Rhenish areas of
                                        CH (Basel & Windisch were never
                                        Burgundian.} -
                                        {Basin of Rhone R up to the             RP Lugdunensis I as well as cities of
                                        Durance in S, to the Saone V, in        Lyon, Die (on Drome R), Vienne & Vaison.
                                        CH up to the Aar R, in the              Middle & Upper Aare R up to Solothurn was
                                        Bourgogne, reaching NW to the           Eastern Boundary of Burgandy. The Rhenish
                                        Auxerrois, the Senonais, the            areas of CH (Basel & Windisch were never
                                        Troesin, & in W the Cevennes. (See      Burgundian. *{900-483}*
                                        also map 37-I in Putzger.)} *{900-
                                        483} - {17-46}*

 17  46   482 534   N Burgundians     G Basin of Rhone R up to the Durance  L
                                        in S, to the Saone V, in CH up to
                                        the Aar R, in the Bourgogne,
                                        reaching NW to the Auxerrois, the
                                        Senonais, the Troesin, & in W the
                                        Cevennes. (See also map 37-I in
                                        Putzger.)
                                                                                End date conquered by Franks. Many sources
                                                                                (e.g. (1-46)).

166  16   534 550   A Burgundians     G {Basin of Rhone R up to the         I
                                        Durance in S, to the Saone V, in
                                        CH up to the Aar R, in the
                                        Bourgogne, reaching NW to the
                                        Auxerrois, the Senonais, the
                                        Troesin, & in W the Cevennes. (See
                                        also map 37-I in Putzger.)} *{17-
                                        46}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (17-46). By local
                                                                                population.

169  70   900 1000  A Busane          S Along Bug R (PL & SU) (see also     L
                                        endpaper map of ref 14, xeroxed).
                                                                                Believed descendants of Duljebi (acc/to
                                                                                Vana: World of the Ancient Slavs, 1983,
                                                                                p.47). Start date to conform to (234-77).

388   9  -700 -600  N Bylan           U Area W & E of mouths of Ohre &      L
                                        Vltava RR into Labe (Elbe) R, N
                                        CS, see map 18a(9);
                                        "ArcheologickyAtlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

114  15   500 900   A Byzantines      H Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs.

234  59   527 531   N Byzantines      H Ancient city of Bosporus (= modern  C
                                        Kerch or Kerc in the Crimean).
                                        Went by sea.
                                                                                From Byzantium.

321   2   533 534   A Byzantines      H N Africa, near Carthage             C
                                                                                From Byzantium.

 11 124   535 553   N Byzantines      H I, Ostrogothic Kingdom              C
                                                                                From Byzantium.

900 203   554 #     N Byzantines      H {Mediterranean & Atlantic shores    C
                                        of Iberian Peninsula from E coast
                                        to Algarve.} *{53-48}*
                                                                                From Carthage (acc/to ref 321, p.99).

 53  48   554 628   A Byzantines      H Mediterranean & Atlantic shores of  L
                                        Iberian Peninsula from E coast to
                                        Algarve.

325   1   565 628   A Byzantines      H N coast Africa, Egypt, nr East,     L
                                        TR, GR, BG, YU, NE I, C I incl
                                        Rome, area around Naples, SW I, S
                                        coast I, Balearic Islands,
                                        Sardina, Corsica, Crete, Cyprus.
                                                                                Extent of Byzantine Empire after
                                                                                Justinian. (Also acc/to Putzger-Lendl-
                                                                                Wagner.)

114  36   600 800   N Byzantines      H Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs. Dates not firm. May be a bit
                                                                                early.

234 111   679 #     N Byzantines      H Lower Danube R area                 A
                                                                                From Byzantium.

900 197   697 698   N Byzantines      H Tunisia & Algeria                   N
                                                                                From Byzantium. A temporary reconquest.
                                                                                Date from Mellersh: Chronology of Ancient
                                                                                World.

234 146   813 #     N Byzantines      H Bessarabia                          R
                                                                                By Bulgarians (10K families) from
                                                                                Adrianople.

149  25   961 969   N Byzantines      H Crete, Aleppo, Antioch (Syria)      C
                                                                                From Byzantium.

331   7   961 1084  N Byzantines      H Antioch, Syria                      L
                                                                                Area under Byzantine rule during this time.

331   4   964 #     N Byzantines      H Cyprus                              N
                                                                                Successful Byzantine reconquest of Saracen
                                                                                lands since 950. From Byzantium.

900 198   971 976   N Byzantines      H {Betw Isker R (BG), Balkans &       C
                                        Black Sea (capital Pliska, BG).
                                        Sofia, Adrianople, LL Ochrid &
                                        Prespa. (Map in Mathew: Atlas of
                                        Medieval Europe, p.67, in blue.)}
                                        *{149-27}*
                                                                                From Byzantium. Under Emperor John
                                                                                Tzimisces.

325   8   975 #     N Byzantines      H Syria                               A
                                                                                From Byzantium. A 'temporary reconquest'.

149  27  1001 1018  N Byzantines      H Betw Isker R (BG), Balkans & Black  C
                                        Sea (capital Pliska, BG). Sofia,
                                        Adrianople, LL Ochrid & Prespa.
                                        (Map in Mathew: Atlas of Medieval
                                        Europe, p.67, in blue.)
                                                                                From Byzantium. Under Emperor Basil II.

900 273  1001 1207  N Byzantines      H {Betw Isker R (BG), Balkans &       L
                                        Black Sea (capital Pliska, BG).
                                        Sofia, Adrianople, LL Ochrid &
                                        Prespa. (Map in Mathew: Atlas of
                                        Medieval Europe, p.67, in blue.)}
                                        *{149-27}*
                                                                                Dates from ref 51.

900 201  1025 1143  A Byzantines      H GR, BG, YU, Crete, Cyprus, AM, and  L
                                        part of I. (See ref 325, map on
                                        p.113.)
                                                                                Extent of Byzantine Empire during this
                                                                                time period.

325  14  1043 #     A Byzantines      H E Sicily                            A
                                                                                From Byzantium. A 'temporary reconquest'.

900 200  1043 1088  N Byzantines      H {E Sicily} *{325-14}*               L
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz. Lost to Normans.

325  16  1052 #     N Byzantines      H Area betw Tigris & Euphrates RR,    A
                                        NE of Aleppo.
                                                                                From Byzantium. A 'temporary reconquest'.

325  15  1054 #     N Byzantines      H Area nr Ani, Caucasus Mts           A
                                        foothills.
                                                                                From Byzantium. A 'temporary reconquest'.

236  11  1069 #     N Byzantines      H Armenia                             A
                                                                                Incl mercenaries such as SCA, Francs,
                                                                                Slavs, Pechenegi, Turks (Cumans &
                                                                                Oghuzes), Sicilians, Crusaders. From
                                                                                Byzantium.

236  15  1097 #     N Byzantines      H Nicaea (Iznik) TR                   C
                                                                                Troops from Lombardy & D.

325  17  1118 #     A Byzantines      H Area along Kizil R, C TR            A
                                                                                From Byzantium. A 'temporary reconquest'.

325  18  1143 1200  A Byzantines      H GR, BG, S YU, Crete, Cyprus, W TR,  L
                                        N & S coast TR. (See ref 325, map
                                        on p.113.)
                                                                                Extent of Byzantine Empire. Temporary stop
                                                                                date furnished here until exact timing can
                                                                                be determined.

236  19  1176 #     N Byzantines      H Konya                               A
                                                                                From Byzantium.

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