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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

149   7   602 626   N Avars           M Balkan Peninsula                    E
                                                                                From Danube nr Thracia & Moesia inf RP.
                                                                                The newly reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                                                                Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.

129  42   610 #     N Avars           M Friulia                             A
                                                                                From Pannonia.

900 688   610 641   N Croats          S YU in Adriatic hinterlands between  Q
                                        Rasa R (Istria) in W and and
                                        Cetina R (S of split) in E.
                                        (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                        betw Save & Danube RR (up to at
                                        least Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-
                                        24)).
                                                                                This record synthesized from (51-104) &
                                                                                (51-81). From Galicia. *{32-32}* White
                                                                                Croatia believed by this author to be in
                                                                                Lesser PL around Cracow. Subjugated
                                                                                already resident Slavs (Serbians?, Antes?)
                                                                                and drove out Avars. (But see comment
                                                                                after (32-32).)

900 687   610 910   N Croats          S {YU in Adriatic hinterlands         L
                                        between Rasa R (Istria) in W and
                                        and Cetina R (S of split) in E.
                                        (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                        betw Save & Danube RR (up to at
                                        least Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-
                                        24)).} *{900-688}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-104) & (149-28).

  7  19   611 #     N Avars           M Venice                              A
                                                                                From Pannonia.

 51 113   626 #     N Serbs           S Illyricum (former RP) (For a        M
                                        slightly more precise locality
                                        definition, use (51-71).)
                                                                                From White Serbia (area S of Sudeten Mts,
                                                                                in CS). *{900-693}* Illyricum is poorly
                                                                                defined but we found no more precise ref,
                                                                                except for an area called Srpciste (not
                                                                                located). Later found ref (51-71) where
                                                                                predecessors of Serbs are mentioned
                                                                                and which has a slightly better defined
                                                                                area. (Other syn: Srbi.) Ref 51 also
                                                                                mentions that while Serbs themselves came
                                                                                from White Serbia, the mass of the Slavs
                                                                                that settled in Serbia may have come
                                                                                directly from European Sarmatia and have
                                                                                been dominated by Serbs from White Serbia.

900 694   626 900   N Serbs           S {Illyricum (former RP) (For a       L
                                        slightly more precise locality
                                        definition, use (51-71).)} *{51-
                                        113}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-113) & (51-44).

234  85   627 #     N Khazars         T Tiflis (Tblisi)                     A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

900  87   630 850   A Avars           M {Mouth of Danube R 'Scythian        L
                                        Lands'. + Black Sea N shore, W
                                        area, W of Dnepr R. + Danube nr
                                        Thracia & Moesia inf RP. The newly
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22. +
                                        Upper Dnestr R. + Pannonia. The
                                        area occupied
                                        by the Gepids. Did not settle S of      Amalgamated with surrounding peoples.
                                        line Pecs-Keszthely-Szombathely. +
                                        W Volhynia. + Carpathian basin,
                                        Pannonia & the Gepid area between
                                        Save R & Drave R.} - {Danube nr
                                        Thracia & Moesia inf RP. The newly
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia.
                                        See ref 40, fig 22.} - Dalmatia.
                                        *{900-82} - {40-116} - Dalmatia*

234 120   630 700   A Magyars         C Between Don R (acc/to (172-40))     M
                                        and Upper Donets region
                                                                                From along Kama & Belaya RR, modern area
                                                                                of Bashkiria. *{127-5}*

172  40   630 830   N Magyars         C Between Don R (see fig 2) & Upper   L
                                        Donets region (acc/to (234-120))
                                                                                Magyars incl Kabars who were led by
                                                                                Khazars & contained Chwaresm (T), Alans
                                                                                (R), & Eskil (later Szekelers, Bulgar-
                                                                                Turks).

 31  25   630 803   N Slavs           S BG                                  L
                                                                                Start date provisional until we know when
                                                                                Slavs moved to BG. End date to conform to
                                                                                (234-144). Still need record to move Slavs
                                                                                to BG.

 53  49   631 #     N Franks          G Zaragoza (E)                        A
                                                                                From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-584}*
 34   1   634 638   N Arabs           E Jerusalem, Damascus                 C
                                                                                From Arabia.

325   5   636 641   N Arabs           E Egypt & most of nr East             C
                                                                                A permanent territorial loss for Byzantine
                                                                                empire. From Arabia.

325   6   641 #     N Arabs           E NE coast Africa, Cyprus area        C
                                        around Tripoli, Lebanon.
                                                                                From Arabia.

 34   2   642 #     N Arabs           E Persia                              C
                                                                                From Arabia.

234  86   645 #     N Kutriguri       T Mid Volga & Kama RR                 Q
                                                                                From Azov region. Ancestors of Black or
                                                                                Silver Bulgars. Part of tribe only.

234  87   645 #     N Kutriguri       T Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                From Azov region. Part of tribe only.
                                                                                Joined Avars.

234  88   645 #     N Kutriguri       T Benevento (I)                       Q
                                                                                From Azov region. Part of tribe only.
                                                                                Joined Lombards.

900 373   645 660   A Kutriguri       T Pannonia                            L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-371).

 11 146   650 #     A Angles          G Most of England                     E
                                                                                From Wessex, Mercia, Deira + GB: Norfolk &
                                                                                Suffolk + Along Thames R, nr Dorchester,
                                                                                Croydon, Mucking (Essex), Milton Regis
                                                                                (Kent), E coast: Rickborough, Caistor by
                                                                                Norwich *{900-35}*.

900  36   650 815   A Angles          G {Most of England} *{11-146}*        L
                                                                                For consistency with (11-146).

 13  39   650 #     A Antes           S BG                                  M
                                                                                From the Lower Bug R (the one emptying
                                                                                into Black Sea). + From Desna R mouth &
                                                                                upper Donets R to upper Sluc & Goryn RR
                                                                                (near Rovno) & middle Dnestr R centered on
                                                                                middle Dnepr R. + W bank Dnestr R. +
                                                                                Moldavia, Bessarabia. + Lower Dnepr
                                                                                & Upper Donetz. + Betw Dnepr & Don RR. +
                                                                                Pannonia. *{900-46}*

 32  38   650 750   A Arabs           E Khazar empire, Croatia              A
                                                                                From Mesopotamia and N. Africa.

 38  21   650 1850  A Balts           B Byelorussia & part of greater       I
                                        Russia.
                                                                                Slavonized. Start date interpolated
                                                                                between (900-106) and this record.

194  24   650 700   A Boructuarii     G Lippe-Ruhr RR area                  L
                                                                                Much says unrelated to earlier Bructeri.

900 913   650 800   A Jews            E Khazar Khanate (For detailed        Q
                                        locations see map p. 38 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Byzantine Empire & Islamic countries
                                                                                nearby (A. Koestler, The 13th Tribe).
                                                                                Refugees from persecution. Dates very
                                                                                conservative. Koestler suggests 327 to 944.

900 914   650 1000  A Jews            E {Khazar Khanate (For detailed       L
                                        locations see map p. 38 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World)} *{900-913}*
                                                                                Dates very approximate. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (900-913). End date: conquest
                                                                                of Khazar Empire. Conversion of Khazars to
                                                                                Jews between 740 and 860 (Ploetz, p. 372,
                                                                                and A. Koestler, The 13th Tribe, p. 67).

900 382   650 680   A Khazars         T {N of Caucasus & Caspian}  -        E
                                        {N Caucasian area & triangular          For consistency with (234-92) and (31-31),
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &        following various sources. From N of
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &          Caucasus & Caspian. *{31-31}* Destroy
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R        Bulgar Empire in 679.
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.}
                                        *{31-31} - {234-92}*

234  92   650 750   A Khazars         T N Caucasian area & triangular       L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.

 13  61   650 #     A Krivice         S Upper Dnepr R & area of Smolensk,   E
                                        & Polock area (SU).
                                                                                Ref (210-9) locates them there earlier at
                                                                                300 - 500 AD. From Upper W Duna R &
                                                                                Velikaja R in Pskov area. *{900-761}*

900 762   650 800   A Krivice         S {Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in     L
                                        Pskov area.} + {Upper Dnepr R &
                                        area of Smolensk, & Polock area
                                        (SU).} *{900-761} + {13-61}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-61), end date
                                                                                to conform to (900-763).

900 675   650 #     A Lusizi          S {Niederlausitz (DDR; Westermann's   M
                                        Atlas p.6-8).} *{148-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to (148-5), (148-6), (148-7) & (148-
                                                                                8). From Oder R area (see Abb 3 in ref
                                                                                148).

148   6   650 1200  A Lusizi          S Niederlausitz (DDR; Westermann's    L
                                        Atlas p.6-8).
                                                                                Start date inferred from 6th C mentioned
                                                                                on p.10 and 750 AD implied by Abb 3. Part
                                                                                of Greater Moravian Empire acc/to (14-27).
                                                                                End date based on ref 148-Abb 3 called
                                                                                Sorbs, speaking Sorbic. They are
                                                                                frequently called Sorbs. This area
                                                                                is only one where they have retained their
                                                                                Sorabic language. These now speak the Low
                                                                                Sorbian dialect & some possibly the E
                                                                                Sorbian dialect. Sorbian dialects or
                                                                                languages split probably as early as 13th
                                                                                C. Other areas called Sorbic by
                                                                                1200 AD ((900-677), (900-676)) became
                                                                                Germanized at times to be determined.

900 674   650 #     A Milziane        S {Oberlausitz (DDR)} *{33-34}*       M
                                                                                From Oder R area (see Abb.3 in ref 148).
                                                                                Acc/to (148-5), (148-6), (148-7), & (148-
                                                                                8).

 33  34   650 1200  A Milziane        S Oberlausitz (DDR)                   L
                                                                                (Syn. Milcane, Milzener). Start date to
                                                                                conform to (900-674). End date based on
                                                                                ref 148-Abb.3 where they are called Sorbs,
                                                                                speaking Sorbic. Ultimately they became
                                                                                the High or Upper Sorbic speakers. Ref 14
                                                                                says that they formed part of
                                                                                the Greater Moravian Empire. Part of
                                                                                Lausitz Serbs or Sorbs.

 13  66   650 #     A Novgorods       S L Ladoga                            E
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-65)).
                                                                                *{900-672}*

900 774   650 1100  A Novgorods       S {L Ladoga} *{13-66}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (13-66) & (900-672).

234 122   650 737   A Rus             S Lower Don R region & Kuban delta.   L
                                                                                These are an Iranian-Slavic tribe. Author
                                                                                believes that Varangians acquired name of
                                                                                Rus from them rather than it being
                                                                                originally applied to them. They were ca.
                                                                                100K people.

 31  16   650 796   A Sclavini        S {Pannonia} *{31-12}*                I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Avars. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (900-673). End date defeat of
                                                                                Avars. Called Sclavones in ref.

 30  22   650 #     A Swedes          G Kurland (= Kurzeme or Courland), S  S
                                        part of Latvia
                                                                                From S.

 38  22   650 850   A Swedes          G Grobin (Grobina) nr Liepaja in W    S
                                        Latvia; Apuole (Apulia) in NW
                                        Lithuania (25 mi SE of Grobina on
                                        Barta R); Elbing (old mart of
                                        Truso; = Elblag PL)
                                                                                From S (incl Goetland). Called 'Vikings'
                                                                                in ref. They are Swedish Vikings Vendel
                                                                                culture acc/to (15-2).

234  89   650 #     N Utriguri        T Lower Danube R region               S
                                                                                From Azov region.

234  93   651 652   N Arabs           E N Caucasian area                    A
                                                                                From Azerbaijan.

900 371   660 #     A Kutriguri       T Frankish Empire                     Q
                                                                                From Pannonia. Acc/to (7-21), joined
                                                                                Avars, but during this period troubles
                                                                                between Avar & Bulgar leaders led to the
                                                                                exodus of 9K Bulgars who moved to the
                                                                                Frankish Empire where they were largely
                                                                                annihilated.

900 372   660 670   A Kutriguri       T {Frankish Empire} *{900-371}*       L
                                                                                Acc/to (7-21), joined Avars, but during
                                                                                this period troubles between Avar & Bulgar
                                                                                leaders led to the exodus of 9K Bulgars
                                                                                who moved to the Frankish Empire where
                                                                                they were largely annihilated.

234 110   665 #     N Slavs           S Syria                               R
                                                                                5K. These were Slavs from Vardar R
                                                                                (Stryman R) area.

325  21   670 #     N Arabs           E NW coast Africa                     C
                                                                                Area called 'Exarchate of Africa'. From
                                                                                Egypt.

325  22   670 #     N Arabs           E Balearic Islands, Corsica           C
                                                                                Area called 'Exarchate of Africa'. From
                                                                                Egypt.

325   2   674 678   N Arabs           E Constantinople, TR                  A
                                                                                From N. Africa.

234 111   679 #     N Byzantines      H Lower Danube R area                 A
                                                                                From Byzantium.

 31  28   680 #     N Bulgars         T Middle Volga R (around Kama R       Q
                                        mouth).
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* To form Volga-
                                                                                Bulgar empire. This is part of the Bulgars
                                                                                from Bulgar Empire after its breakup.
                                                                                Among their present day descendants
                                                                                are the Chuvash (acc/to (32-57)).

149  10   680 #     N Bulgars         T Betw Isker R, Balkans & Black Sea   Q
                                        (capital Pliska, BG).
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* To form Danube-
                                                                                Bulgarian Empire. Part of Bulgars only
                                                                                (Asparukh's horde; after the death of Kurt
                                                                                or Kuvrath).

900 381   680 969   A Bulgars         T {S Russia (Pontic steppes nr        I
                                        coasts of Sea of Azov (or even the
                                        Kuban R) up to the Dnepr.)} *{900-
                                        374}*
                                                                                By Khazars. Indirectly acc/to (31-30). By
                                                                                969 AD Khazars were conquered by Russians,
                                                                                so by that time at latest they must have
                                                                                assimilated the Bulgars.

900 379   680 800   A Bulgars         T {Betw Isker R, Balkans & Black Sea  L
                                        (capital Pliska, BG).} *{149-10}*
                                                                                Leading stratum of Slavic population (many
                                                                                refs). For consistency with (149-10) and
                                                                                (13-42).

 11  38   680 #     A Uguri           T BG                                  Q
                                                                                From Volga R Steppes. To contribute to
                                                                                formation of Bulgars.

900 378   680 1550  A Volga Bulgars   T {Middle Volga R (around Kama R      L
                                        mouth).} *{31-28}*
                                                                                Acc/to (169-52), (328-6). End date is
                                                                                provisional. They survived Mongol conquest
                                                                                in 1237.

234  94   683 #     N Khazars         T Armenia                             A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

234 113   686 #     N Slavs           S Bithynia, AM                        R
                                                                                30K families, from Macedonia by Byzantine
                                                                                emperor Justinian II.

236   2   689 #     N Seldjuks        T Transoxania (between Syr Darya &    M
                                        Darya RR).
                                                                                From Afghan-Chinese border. A subtribe of
                                                                                the Oghuzes.

900 416   689 1040  A Seldjuks        T {Transoxania (between Syr Darya &   L
                                        Darya RR).} *{236-2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (236-2) & (130-2).

234 114   692 #     N Slavs           S Antiochia, Kyrrhos                  R
                                                                                7K. By Arabs. From Bithynia.

900 197   697 698   N Byzantines      H Tunisia & Algeria                   N
                                                                                From Byzantium. A temporary reconquest.
                                                                                Date from Mellersh: Chronology of Ancient
                                                                                World.

170  21   700 1200  A Anglo-Saxons    G N                                   R
                                                                                Slaves from W, brought in by Vikings.

118  12   700 800   A Armenians       O W Macedonia, YU                     Q
                                                                                From Armenia.

120   6   700 900   A Aromuni         I Former Dacia RP                     Q
                                                                                From Spain incl. Balearics. *{901-61}*

900  62   700 1450  A Aromuni         I {Former Dacia RP} *{120-6}*         L
                                                                                Start date: to conform to (120-6). End
                                                                                date: wild guess. Presumably assimilated
                                                                                in ROM.

170  30   700 1200  A Balts           B S                                   R
                                                                                Slaves from the Baltic, brought in by
                                                                                Vikings.

196  10   700 800   A Bavarians       G U Franconia (Oberfranken, see       E
                                        Westerman's Atlas p. 17, E/F 1/2)
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus area N of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. + Upper Eisack
                                                                                (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R, Upper Drave
                                                                                (Drau) R, and Bolzano (N I) + Into Nordgau
                                                                                up to just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                                                                Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.17, G2),
                                                                                & into Alpine VV. *{900-542}*

900 543   700 800   A Bavarians       G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R. + S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.
                                        + Upper Eisack
                                        (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R,           For consistency with (196-10) and (138-3).
                                        Upper Drave (Drau) R, and Bolzano       The former Bayuvars.
                                        area (N I) + Into Nordgau up to
                                        just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                        Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.
                                        17, G2), & into Alpine VV} + {U
                                        Franconia (Oberfranken, see
                                        Westerman's
                                        Atlas p. 17, E/F 1/2)} *{900-542}
                                        + {196-10}*

 51  86   700 900   A Czechi          S S of Danube, especially around L    Q
                                        Balaton.
                                                                                Penetrated area of Slovenes. From Bohemia.

900 765   700 1300  A Dregovice       S N of Pripet R & W of Upper Dnepr    L
                                        R, center at Minsk, Byelorussia.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (301-5), end date acc/to
                                                                                (147-5).

900 766   700 1300  A Drevljane       S S of Pripet R in area around towns  L
                                        of Ovruc and Korosten.
                                                                                Start date acc/to Vana: World of the
                                                                                Ancient Slavs, 1983, p.46. End date acc/to
                                                                                (147-4).

204   3   700 #     A Finns           F L Laatoka (=Ladoga?)                E
                                                                                From Aland Is, E part of Lake District
                                                                                (Sysmae, Heinola, Karelian Isthmus). *{201-
                                                                                6}*

170  31   700 1200  A Finns           F S                                   Q
                                                                                Slaves from E (SF), brought in by Vikings.

359   1   700 1000  N Germanics       G (Valleys of) CH, except for S & E   L
                                        CH.
                                                                                Start date to connect (approximately) with
                                                                                earlier records of specific tribes. This
                                                                                ref furnishes map with language boundary
                                                                                at 800 AD and at present.

197   8   700 1000  A Hessians        G Hesse                               L
                                                                                Supposedly derived from Chatti. (Last
                                                                                mentioned around 300 AD.) Upper date quite
                                                                                arbitrary. These give rise to modern
                                                                                inhabitants of Hesse.

323  11   700 900   A Jews            E Crimea                              Q
                                                                                From Byzantium.

301  23   700 800   A Lausitz Sorbs   S Around Leipzig, DDR and along       Q
                                        border of D and CS.
                                                                                From Nieder-Lausitz (DDR)? Date adjusted
                                                                                to reflect end of period of greatest
                                                                                Slavic expansion, also to conform to (148-
                                                                                6). Called Luzicti Srbove in ref. (Syn.
                                                                                Lusizi.)

900 676   700 900   A Lausitz Sorbs   S {Around Leipzig, DDR and along      L
                                        border of D and CS.} *{301-23}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (301-23). End
                                                                                date only a guess for this area. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

 13  47   700 900   A Luka-Rajko      S Right bank of Dnepr R               L
                                                                                Full name Luka-Rajkoveckaja culture;
                                                                                developed from Korcak culture.

 13  67   700 900   A Novgorods       S Ves, nr Vologda                     E
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-
                                                                                65)).} *{900-672}*

900 775   700 1100  N Novgorods       S {Ves, nr Vologda} *{13-67}*         L
                                                                                For consistency with (13-67) & (900-672).

900 722   700 1000  A Opolini         S Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa      L
                                        Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around
                                        Opole (Oppeln) PL.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (370-1), end date acc/to
                                                                                (371-2). Will become part of Poles. (Syn.
                                                                                Opolane).

169  78   700 1200  A Radimice        S Along Sos R, SU                     L
                                                                                End date acc/to (147-6). Fused with
                                                                                Vjatice. Ref (234-162) has them migrate
                                                                                from Desna R, but we were unable to
                                                                                confirm this.

194  27   700 750   A Saxons          G Lippe-Ruhr RR area betw mid &       E
                                        upper Rhine & mid Weser RR
                                                                                From Holstein, also on 3 islands at mouth
                                                                                of Elbe R. + Lower Saxony, W Mecklenburg,
                                                                                & other areas (area shown in Abb 1 less
                                                                                Holstein, also on 3 islands at mouth of
                                                                                Elbe R). *{900-605}*

900 614   700 1000  A Saxons          G {Holstein also on 3 islands at      L
                                        mouth of Elbe R. + Lower Saxony, W
                                        Mecklenburg, & other areas (area
                                        shown in Abb 1 less Holstein, also
                                        on 3 islands at mouth of Elbe R).}
                                        + {Lippe-Ruhr RR area betw mid &
                                        upper Rhine & mid Weser RR} *{900-
                                        605}
                                        + {194-27}*                             For consistency with (194-27). End date
                                                                                time after Frankish conquest during
                                                                                formation of German nation.

 13  30   700 800   A Slavs           S W Thuringia W & S of Saale R, & NE  Q
                                        Bavaria.
                                                                                Probably from PL. Developed into
                                                                                ethnically mixed culture.

900 779   700 1150  A Slavs           S {W Thuringia W & S of Saale R, &    L
                                        NE Bavaria.} *{13-30}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-30). End date
                                                                                acc/to (35-1).

900 667   700 #     A Slovenes        S {W boundary along line from Istria  E
                                        (YU) to Cevidad (Cedad; Cividale,
                                        I?) & Pontebba (I). Some complexes
                                        of Slovenic settlements S of
                                        Cividale toward W across
                                        Palmanovo, Kodrajno & the
                                        Tagliamento R up to Pordenone (all
                                        I). From Pontebba
                                        Slovenic border reached to W            From area from Trieste over Trzic (YU) &
                                        slopes Carinthian Alps, up to           Kormink Cedad (Cividale, I?), to Potreba
                                        source of Drave (Drau) R, at Arnas      (Pontebba, I?), St. Mohor, Villach on Drau
                                        on Muehlbach R (between Innichberg      R (A), betw Ossiacher & Woerther LL (A),
                                        & Linz) N border around Isel RV,        to Radkersburg a. d. Mur (A), St. Gothard
                                        Deferchen & Kalzer (RR or Mts).         (Szentgotthard) on the Raab
                                        Border from Arnas over crest of
                                        Defereggener
                                        Alps to Dreiherrspitz Mts to            R (H), Varazdin on the Drau (Drave) R
                                        Venediger Mt to Grossglockner Mt        (Croatia, YU), to Sotla, Kupa, (in
                                        over crests of Hohe Tauern and          Slovenia, YU) Sneznik & Buzct (Piquenta)
                                        Radstaedter Tauern, including           (YU) RVs, back to Trieste. *{51-84}*
                                        Salzburgian Lungau (all in A).          Necessary to connect (51-84) to (900-668).
                                        Never crossed Danube R. Middle          Start date for consistency with (900-671).
                                        Danube up to Drave R was E
                                        border.} - {Area from
                                        Trieste over Trzic (YU) & Kormink
                                        Cedad (Cividale, I?), to Potreba
                                        (Pontebba, I?), St. Mohor, Villach
                                        on Drau R (A), betw Ossiacher &
                                        Woerther LL (A), + other areas.}
                                        See long record. *{51-85} -
                                        {51-84}*

900 668   700 1250  N Slovenes        S {W boundary along line from Istria  L
                                        (YU) to Cevidad (Cedad; Cividale,
                                        I?) & Pontebba (I). Some complexes
                                        of Slovenic settlements S of
                                        Cividale toward W across
                                        Palmanovo, Kodrajno & the
                                        Tagliamento R up to Pordenone (all
                                        I). From Pontebba
                                        Slovenic border reached to W            Acc/to (51-85). Start date acc/to (51-85).
                                        slopes Carinthian Alps, up to           End date acc/to (51-89). Slovenes in E
                                        source of Drave (Drau) R, at Arnas      Alpine areas after 700 AD are often called
                                        on Muehlbach R (between Innichberg      Carantanians or Carinthian Slavs (see (51-
                                        & Linz) N border around Isel RV,        93), (302-54)).
                                        Deferchen & Kalzer (RR or Mts).
                                        Border from Arnas over crest of
                                        Defereggener
                                        Alps to Dreiherrspitz Mts to
                                        Venediger Mt to Grossglockner Mt
                                        over crests of Hohe Tauern and
                                        Radstaedter Tauern, including
                                        Salzburgian Lungau (all in A).
                                        Never crossed Danube R. Middle
                                        Danube up to Drave R was E
                                        border.} *{51-85}*

 51 103   700 800   A Sorecani        U Seoska Dolina shore S of Bohinska   L
                                        Bistrica R (Slovenia, YU)
                                                                                Non-Slavonic ethnic group.

 53  53   700 900   A Spaniards       I Douro RV & Pyrenees                 Q
                                                                                Christians (monks & freeholders). From NW
                                                                                Spain.

169  48   700 900   A Suvars          T {Area of modern Chuvash ASSR}       L
                                        (Acc/to author at Middle Volga R.)
                                        *{229-8}*
                                                                                End date to link with (169-37) and to
                                                                                conform to (229-8). Ancestors of Chuvash.

118  11   700 800   A Syrians         E YU W Macedonia                      S
                                                                                From Syria.

114   5   700 1000  A Thracians       P {BG} *{900-297}*                    I
                                                                                By Bulgarian Slavs.

900 754   700 1300  A Ulice           S N Bessarabia & S Podolia, betw      L
                                        Dnestr & Prut RR.
                                                                                Acc/to (169-72), (169-84), (147-2), (234-
                                                                                153). Part of Antes. Evidence on location
                                                                                is ambiguous. Refs (301-9) & (13-57) place
                                                                                them betw Juzhni Bug & Dnepr RR. (Syn:
                                                                                Ulichi, Uluchi, Uglichi, Ulutichi,
                                                                                Liutichi, Luchane.)

 34   6   703 #     N Arabs           E Carthage Area                       C
                                                                                From N. Africa.

 11 119   709 712   N Franks          G N I & CH (German-speaking part;     C
                                        see ref 357)
                                                                                From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-584}*
900 585   709 772   N Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        (=Teisterbant
                                        area in Dutch). Drainage area of        For consistency with (11-119) & (900-586).
                                        Drom- mel R in N Brabant, ext E to
                                        Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde
                                        R + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders
                                        + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace &
                                        Palatinate +Luxembourg, & along
                                        Mosel R into Rheinland-
                                        Pfalz,Hunsruek,Saarland
                                        + Between Seine & Loire RR +
                                        Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate,
                                        Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg,
                                        Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, +
                                        Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse
                                        R area, just W of Mosel R, around
                                        Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine
                                        R, S
                                        is L Constance, E is Iller &
                                        Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                        Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze,
                                        betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                        R, Moselle Region, E F. + more
                                        areas. See long record. *{900-
                                        584} + {11-119}*

 34   5   711 #     N Arabs           E Samarkand, Buchara Beluchistan,     C
                                        Indus RV.
                                                                                From Iran.

 34   8   711 #     N Arabs           E Cordoba, Toledo                     C
                                                                                From N. Africa.

 53  50   711 #     N Arabs           E E (landed at Algeciras)             C
                                                                                Less than 10K Arab men entered & took
                                                                                Spanish women. From N. Africa.

232  34   711 713   N Arabs           E Spain except Basques & N hill       C
                                        country.
                                                                                Less than 10K Arab men entered & took
                                                                                Spanish women (53-50). 25 K conquerors,
                                                                                incl Arabized Berbers (167-14). From
                                                                                Morocco.

900  48   711 900   N Arabs           E {Spain except Basques & N hill      L
                                        country.} *{232-34}*

 34   9   711 #     N Berbers         O Cordoba, Toledo                     C
                                                                                From N Africa. Accompanied Arabs.

900 819   711 900   A Jews            E S two-thirds of Spain (Umayyad      Q
                                        Empire) (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 38 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From Middle East accompanying Arabs and
                                                                                expansion from (900-818). Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 38.

900 820   711 1110  A Jews            E {S two-thirds of Spain (Umayyad     L
                                        Empire) (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 38 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} *{900-819}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-819). End date
                                                                                conquest of S Spain by Almorovids and
                                                                                Almohads who persecuted Jews causing many
                                                                                to leave, others to convert to Islam.

234 115   712 #     N Bulgars         T S Thrace, Golden Horn (nr           A
                                        Istanbul, TR).
                                                                                From BG. Undoubtedly led by Bulgars, but
                                                                                troops probably mostly Bulgars also, see
                                                                                paragraph before (234-141).

325   3   717 718   N Arabs           E Constantinople, TR                  A
                                                                                Emperor Leo III forced Arabs to abandon
                                                                                this second siege. From Syria.

234  95   717 #     N Khazars         T Azerbaidjan                         A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

 53  67   718 #     N Arabs           E Kingdom of Pamplona                 A
                                                                                From C. Spain.

 34  10   720 #     N Arabs           E Narbonne                            C
                                                                                From Iberia.

234  96   722 #     N Arabs           E N Caucasian area                    A
                                                                                From Iran.

 34   4   725 #     A Arabs           E AM up to Taurus Mts                 C
                                                                                From Syria.

232  36   725 740   A Arabs           E S Spain                             M
                                                                                Minority of the Muslim immigrants to E
                                                                                (from Middle East e.g. Syria) 7K.

900  49   725 976   A Arabs           E {AM up to Taurus Mts} *{34-4}*      L

232  37   725 740   A Berbers         O Spain other than Andalusia          Q
                                                                                Majority of the Muslim immigrants to E
                                                                                (from Mauretania).

234  97   726 #     N Khazars         T Azerbaidjan                         A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

232  42   726 800   A Visigoths       G Castile                             I
                                                                                Start date to conform to (232-30). By
                                                                                Basques or Cantabrians, but speaking a
                                                                                Romance dialect.

232  35   732 #     N Arabs           E Gascony & Poitou (F)                A
                                                                                From Iberia.

234  98   732 #     N Arabs           E Derbent (E Caucasus)                R
                                                                                14K from Syria, by Caliphate.

234 123   737 #     N Slavs           S Syria along Byzantine frontier      R
                                                                                20K. By Arabs. These were As or Rus from
                                                                                Lower Don R area.

234 125   737 #     A Swedes          G Upper Donets R                      C
                                                                                (Swedish Vikings) from Sweden.

234 130   739 775   N Varyagi         G Sea of Azov                         Q
                                                                                From settlements in Russia. (SYN =
                                                                                Varangians, Slavicized name of Swedish
                                                                                Vikings.) End date due to discrepancy with
                                                                                (32-45) (same author!).

900 647   739 800   N Varyagi         G {Sea of Azov} *{234-131}*           L
                                                                                To conform with (234-130) & (234-131).

232  38   745 #     N Berbers         O N Africa                            Q
                                                                                From Spain other than Andalusia. *{232-
                                                                                37}* Because of famine after civil war
                                                                                with Arabs.

211   9   750 #     A Khazars         T Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR   E
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. *{234-92}*

900 383   750 787   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         Acc/to (211-9), Times Atlas of World
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of       History p.108, & other sources.
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.} +
                                        {Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr
                                        RR.} *{234-92} + {211-9}*

 11  39   750 800   A Uguri           T Volga R Steppes                     I
                                                                                Some contributed to formation of Magyars.

325  20   751 #     N Lombards        G NE & C I betw Ravenna Verona &      C
                                        Rome.
                                                                                From N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia) and
                                                                                the Venetian plain, occupying Milan with
                                                                                capital at Pavia) *{10-5}* Area called
                                                                                'Exarchate of Ravenna'.

234 138   755 #     N Armenians       O Thracian border with BG             R
                                                                                By Byzantines (several K). From Armenia.

234 137   755 #     N Syrians         E Thracian border with BG Empire      R
                                                                                By Byzantines (several K). Presumably from
                                                                                Syria.

234 139   756 #     N Bulgars         T Constantinople                      A
                                                                                From BG. Undoubtedly led by Bulgars, but
                                                                                troops probably mostly Bulgars also, see
                                                                                paragraph before (234-141).

900 656   762 #     N Bulgars         T {S Thrace} *{234-141}* *{234-141}   A
                                        is a 'Slavs' record.*
                                                                                From BG. The largely Bulgar army was
                                                                                accompanied by a levy of 20K Slavic troops.

234 141   762 #     N Slavs           S S Thrace                            A
                                                                                From N & C Thrace. The largely Bulgar army
                                                                                was accompanied by a levy of 20K Slavic
                                                                                troops.

234 140   762 #     N Slavs           S Bithynia                            R
                                                                                By Byzantines (200K) from S Thrace &
                                                                                Macedonia.

234 133   764 #     N Khazars         T Tiflis (Tblisi)                     A
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

234 134   764 #     N Khazars         T Armenia                             A
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

900 586   772 801   N Franks          G {Betw mid & lower Rhine & mid       C
                                        Weser R (S Saxony)} + {Friulia,
                                        Istria} + {Coast N of Zuiderzee up
                                        to Ems R and betw Ems R & Weser R
                                        (East Frisia)} + {Bavaria} +
                                        {Havel & Peene RR (DDR)} +
                                        {Barcelona, Pallars, Ribagorza &
                                        Aragon counties}
                                        *{194-28} + {149-16} + {12-111}*        From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                        *+ {196-12} + {33-37} + {53-71}*        Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-585}*
900 587   772 900   A Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        & the Hettergau + Betw. Ruhr &
                                        Lippe RR + Toxandria (=Teisterbant
                                        area) + Beyond Toxandria into
                                        Flanders
                                        + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace &         Start date acc/to (900-585). End date is
                                        Palatinate + Luxembourg, & along        artificial. Franks stayed in these areas,
                                        Mosel R + Between Seine & Loire RR      amalgamated with other peoples, assumed
                                        + Alaman Empire (Alsace,                other names.
                                        Palatinate, Worms Rheingau,
                                        Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W
                                        of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, &
                                        E CH + Meuse
                                        R area, just W of Mosel R, around
                                        Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine
                                        R, S is L Constance, E is Iller &
                                        Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                        Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze,
                                        betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                        R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes,
                                        on Seine
                                        R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E
                                        F. + Marne R area of Champagne
                                        Region, F - N part of terr.) +
                                        Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of +
                                        other areas. See long record.
                                        *{900-585} + {900-586}*

234 136   787 #     N Khazars         T Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital  C
                                        of the Crimean Goths.)
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

900 385   787 840   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (234-136).
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr
                                        RR.} + {Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.)}
                                        *{900-383} + {234-136}*

 15   3   793 #     N Vikings         G Lindisfarne (Scotland)              N
                                                                                From SCA.

 53  66   794 795   N Arabs           E Asturias                            A
                                                                                From C. Spain.

 15  19   795 #     N Norwegians      G Lambay Is (N of Dublin)             N
                                                                                From N. Called Vikings in ref. Gwyn Jones:
                                                                                History of the Vikings identifies them as
                                                                                from Norway.

234 142   796 #     N Franks          G Tisza R banks                       A
                                                                                From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-585}*
 43   4   798 #     N Norwegians      G Isle of Man                         A
                                                                                From S N (S of 60 deg N) + N N. *{900-632}*

234 135   799 800   N Khazars         T Transcaucasia                       A
                                                                                From N of Caucasus.

 15   4   799 #     N Vikings         G Coast of Aquitaine (SW F)           N
                                                                                From SCA.

324   4   800 975   A Arabs           E Balearic Islands, Sardinia,         N
                                        Corsica.
                                                                                From Spain? (Syn. Saracens).

 45   3   800 1100  A Arabs           E Coastal towns GR                    Q
                                                                                From N. Africa. (Syn. Saracens).

 53  68   800 900   N Arabs           E E                                   I
                                                                                By Hispano-Romans.

 31  18   800 850   A Avars           M Pannonia                            I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Germanic & Slavic
                                                                                populations of the country.

138   3   800 1043  A Bavarians       G E A E of Vienna up to Leitha R      E
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus area N of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. + Upper Eisack
                                                                                (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R, Upper Drave
                                                                                (Drau) R, and Bolzano (N I) + Into Nordgau
                                                                                up to just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                                                                Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.17, G2),
                                                                                & into Alpine VV + U Franconia
                                                                                (Oberfranken, see Westerman's Atlas p.
                                                                                17, E/F 1/2). *{900-543}* Start date
                                                                                acc/to several sources (e.g., Ploetz p.
                                                                                341).

302  34   800 1000  A Bobrane         S Betw Bobr and Nysa Luzicka RR, PL.  L
                                                                                End date from (371-5). (Syn. Boborane).
                                                                                Will become part of the Poles.

 51  36   800 900   A Branicevci      S E Alps & Pannonia                   L
                                                                                Location is unclear. These are S. Slavs.

 13  42   800 900   A Bulgars         T {Betw Isker R, Balkans & Black Sea  I
                                        (capital Pliska, BG).} *{149-10}*
                                                                                By Slavs.

302  27   800 900   A Chutici         S E of Merseburg to Mulde R, DDR      L
                                                                                Part of Lausitz Serbs or Sorbs. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

900 721   800 1000  N Dadosane        S Middle or upper Odra R around       L
                                        Glogow, PL.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (302-35), end date
                                                                                acc/to (371-6). Will become part of Poles.
                                                                                (Syn. Dedosane).

 15  13   800 850   A Danes           G Thames R (incl Isle of Sheppey), S  N
                                        coast England
                                                                                From DK. Isle of Sheppey added acc/to (43-
                                                                                6). Danish Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: A
                                                                                History of the Vikings, p. 212.

900 122   800 1000  A Finns           F {SW SF (map 1)} - {Aland Is, E      E
                                        part of Lake District (Sysmae,
                                        Heinola, Karelian Isthmus)} *{202-
                                        9} - {201-6}*
                                                                                For consistency with (202-9). (Syn.
                                                                                Suomalaiset). From Aland Is, E part of
                                                                                Lake District (Sysmae, Heinola, Karelian
                                                                                Isthmus). *{201-6}*

202   9   800 1970  A Finns           F SW SF (map 1)                       L
                                                                                (Syn. Suomalaiset).

231  32   800 1000  A Franks          G Santiago de Compostela (E)          S
                                                                                From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-585}*
199   5   800 950   A Germanics       G Area betw Elbe & Oder RR            E
                                                                                From W. End date to conform to records on
                                                                                Germans.

166  21   800 814   N Germanics       G Bayeux (Normandy, F)                R
                                                                                From beyond (E of) Elbe R; by Charlemagne
                                                                                in 9th century (before he died in 814).

302  32   800 1000  A Goplane         S W of Wisla R, around Inowroclaw,    L
                                        PL (betw Wisla and Notec RR).
                                                                                End date: Our generally accepted date for
                                                                                formation of the Polish people. Will
                                                                                become part of the Poles.

201   9   800 1000  A Karelians       F SE SF around Kexholm (see           L
                                        Kaekisalmi, NW corner of L Ladoga.
                                        ref 202, map 2.)
                                                                                End date to conform to (201-10).
                                                                                Reference calls these Proto-Karelians.

900 763   800 900   A Krivice         S Area E of {Upper W Duna R &         E
                                        Velikaja R in Pskov area. + Upper
                                        Dnepr R & area of Smolensk, &
                                        Polock area (SU).} including
                                        previously Finnic areas at
                                        Kostrom, Jaroslavl, Suzdal,
                                        Vladimir, Murom & Rjazan &
                                        including intermediate regions,
                                        e.g. Tversk (Kalinin). *Area E of       From Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in Pskov
                                        {900-762} ... *                         area. + Upper Dnepr R & area of Smolensk,
                                                                                & Polock area (SU). *{900-762}* Start date
                                                                                acc/to (13-63). End date is a guess based
                                                                                (147-10). Information for this record
                                                                                comes from (13-63), (147-7),
                                                                                (147-8), (147-10).

900 764   800 1400  A Krivice         S {Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in     L
                                        Pskov area. + Upper Dnepr R & area
                                        of Smolensk, & Polock area (SU).}
                                        + {Area E of {Upper W Duna R &
                                        Velikaja R in Pskov area. + Upper
                                        Dnepr R & area of Smolensk, &
                                        Polock area (SU).} including
                                        previously
                                        Finnic areas at Kostrom,                Start date to conform to (900-763). End
                                        Jaroslavl, Suzdal, Vladimir, Murom      date acc/to (147-10). This record include
                                        & Rjazan & including intermediate       E. Krivice (Smolensk area) & W. Krivice
                                        regions, e.g. Tversk (Kalinin).}        (syn. Polocane) in the Polock area (ref
                                        *{900-762} + {900-763}*                 169).

  9  26   800 900   A Lombards        G {N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)  I
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)} *{10-
                                        5}*
                                                                                With the native Romanic population.

900 522   800 900   A Lombards        G {Spoleto & Benevento, C & S I}      I
                                        *{358-7}*
                                                                                By Romanic pop. To parallel (9-26).

302  25   800 1000  A Nisane          S Around Dresden, DDR                 L
                                                                                End date supported by ref 371. (Syn.
                                                                                Nisene). Part of Lausitz Serbs. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

302  22   800 1000  A Nizici          S Area NE of Mulde R, around Dessau,  L
                                        DDR.
                                                                                End date supported by (371-9). (Syn.
                                                                                Nisici). Part of Lausitz Serbs. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

208   5   800 1000  A Norwegians      G Coast of Finnmark (N)               E
                                                                                From S N (S of 60 deg N) + N N. *{900-632}*

 15  18   800 #     A Norwegians      G Faroes, Hebrides, Orkneys &         S
                                        Shetland Islands.
                                                                                Start date is approximate acc/to
                                                                                Barraclough (Times Atlas) & Gwyn Jones
                                                                                (History of the Vikings).

900 633   800 1300  A Norwegians      G {S N (S of 60 deg N) + N up to      L
                                        Senja Is. (N N)} + {Coast of
                                        Finnmark (N)} *{900-632} + {208-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (208-5) & (208-6).

901 210   800 1970  A Norwegians      G {Faroes, Hebrides, Orkneys &        L
                                        Shetland Islands.} *{15-18}*

 13  70   800 1000  N Novgorods       S Jaroslavl                           E
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-
                                                                                65)).} *{900-672}*

169 110   800 1000  A Novgorods       S Along Mologa & Seksna RR up to      E
                                        border of Volga Bulgars, along
                                        Suchona R up to Vjatka R, along
                                        Onega R.
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. From L Ilmen
                                                                                (more extended area described in (13-
                                                                                65)).} *{900-672}*

900 776   800 1100  A Novgorods       S {Jaroslavl} *{13-70}*               L
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. For
                                                                                consistency with (13-70) & (900-672).

900 777   800 1100  A Novgorods       S {Along Mologa & Seksna RR up to     L
                                        border of Volga Bulgars, along
                                        Suchona R up to Vjatka R, along
                                        Onega R.} *{169-110}*
                                                                                Full name Novgorod Slovenes. For
                                                                                consistency with (169-110) & (900-672).
                                                                                But no apparent Slavic occupation of the
                                                                                area until later (341-5).

900 684   800 1150  N Obodrites       S Betw Tisza and Danube RR            L
                                                                                (Syn. Abodrites, Bodrici). This record is
                                                                                a composite of (51-110), (51-38), and (302-
                                                                                51). This may be population left behind
                                                                                when rest of Obodrites moved N to nr Elbe
                                                                                R & Baltic. Connected to Belobrodska
                                                                                culture acc/to (51-110). *Location
                                                                                acc/to (302-51).*

302  53   800 900   A Pannonian Slavs S Around L Balaton, H                 L

234 156   800 #     A Poljane         S Most of Kiev area (e.g. Kiev,       M
                                        Cernigov, Perejaslav).
                                                                                Author considers them subgroup of Antes.
                                                                                From Ingul R region (W of Dnepr R) & Dnepr
                                                                                mouth. *{234-155}* Ref (13-58) already
                                                                                places them nr Kiev and the Ros R (nr
                                                                                Cerkassy) at 600-800 AD. *Location
                                                                                information from (234-152).*

147   1   800 1300  A Poljane         S {Most of Kiev area (e.g. Kiev,      L
                                        Cernigov, Perejaslav).} *{234-156}*
                                                                                Records (147-1) to (147-12) are E. Slavs.
                                                                                Author considers them subgroup of Antes.
                                                                                *Location information from (234-152).*

 13  53   800 900   A Romny           S Psjol, Vorskla, Upper Don & Sever   E
                                        Donec RR.
                                                                                From Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus Sejm &
                                                                                Desna RR. *{13-51}* Start date to conform
                                                                                to (13-49) & (13-51). Associated with
                                                                                Severjane in the left bank Middle Dnepr R
                                                                                plus Sejm & Desna RR area (13-49) but not
                                                                                clear whether it was that tribe
                                                                                which expanded.

900 759   800 1000  A Romny           S {Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus      L
                                        Sejm & Desna RR.} + {Psjol,
                                        Vorskla, Upper Don & Sever Donec
                                        RR.} *{13-51} + {13-53}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-53). End
                                                                                date, last mention of Romny culture (13-
                                                                                54). In part of the area probably syn.
                                                                                with Severjane.

 13  51   800 900   A Romny-Borsevo   S {Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus      L
                                        Sejm & Desna RR.} *{13-49}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-49).
                                                                                Transformed into this culture from
                                                                                Volyncevo. Romny culture associated with
                                                                                Severjan tribe, Borsevo with Vjatice tribe
                                                                                distributed further N along N Oka R. Not
                                                                                clear when and how Borsevo culture moved
                                                                                from the left bank Middle Dnepr R plus
                                                                                Sejm & Desna RR area (13-49) to Oka R.

 14  31   800 900   A Rujane          S Ruegen (DDR) (Shown on map on end   L
                                        papers of book. Xeroxed in xerox
                                        file.)
                                                                                (Syn. Ranove, Ranen). Special small group
                                                                                not affiliated with surrounding tribal
                                                                                associations.

 27 185   800 1000  A Scoti           K S. Scotland                         E
                                                                                From W coast of Scotland *{11-154}*

900 956   800 1970  A Scoti           K {W coast of Scotland } + {S.        L
                                        Scotland} *{11-154} + {27-185}*
                                                                                To conform to (27-185). Still there today,
                                                                                although most are now English speakers.

147   9   800 1300  A Severjane       S Desna R area & tributaries          L
                                                                                Arose from Romny culture (q.v.) but not
                                                                                all E. Slavs. Romny may be Severjane. Ref
                                                                                (234-157), (234-160), (234-163) has them
                                                                                expand from Donets R to Psiol & Desna RVV
                                                                                in 850. Found no confirmation for this.

106   2   800 900   A Slavs           S Istria                              Q
                                                                                Probably from N YU.

133  57   800 850   A Slavs           S Lower A                             Q
                                                                                From E, probably H. This is a 2nd wave.

120  13   800 900   A Slavs           S ROM                                 I
                                                                                Romanized. Dates not too clear.

 53  72   800 850   N Spaniards       I Lerida (E)                          Q
                                                                                Moslems. From Moorish areas in E.

205   9   800 900   A Swedes          G Courland                            A
                                                                                From S.

 30  23   800 #     A Swedes          G Kurisches Haff (Kurskij Zaliv, N    S
                                        of Kaliningrad, SU; SW tip of by)
                                                                                From S.

234 131   800 900   A Varyagi         G Sea of Azov                         I
                                                                                (SYN = Varangians). By the Rus (see 234-
                                                                                122).

900 755   800 #     A Vjatice         S S part of Oka RV & upper Don        E
                                        region, covering the territory of
                                        Orel, Kaluga, Tula & Rjazan. +
                                        Left bank Oka R up to Cernigov
                                        area & right tributaries of Oka R.
                                        Along their S border they fuse
                                        with the Severjane.
                                                                                Acc/to (234-159), (169-113), (13-56);
                                                                                Vana: World of Ancient Slavs, 1983, p.49.
                                                                                From Upper Oka R SU, extending E to
                                                                                Borshevo. (See Vana, World of Ancient
                                                                                Slavs, 1983, p.46.) *{301-2}* *Location
                                                                                acc/to (234-159) + (169-113).*

900 756   800 900   A Vjatice         S {S part of Oka RV & upper Don       L
                                        region, covering the territory of
                                        Orel, Kaluga, Tula & Rjazan. +
                                        Left bank Oka R up to Cernigov
                                        area & right tributaries of Oka R.
                                        Along their S border they fuse
                                        with the Severjane.} + {Upper Oka
                                        R SU, extending
                                        E to Borshevo. (See Vana, World of      Start date to conform to (900-755). End
                                        Ancient Slavs, 1983, p.46.)} *{900-     date acc/to Vana: World of Ancient Slavs,
                                        755} + {301-2}*                         1983, p.49.

 51 127   800 #     A Vojniti         S S Epirus around Arta Bay            M
                                        (Amvrakikos Kolpos) GR.
                                                                                From W of Saloniki. Date is pure guess.
                                                                                This is labeled M since presumably all
                                                                                left, but there was another part of this
                                                                                tribe in Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along
                                                                                Upper Vardar R betw Tetovo & Gostivar) YU
                                                                                (900-711).

900 713   800 1400  N Vojniti         S {S Epirus around Arta Bay           L
                                        (Amvrakikos Kolpos) GR.} *{51-127}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-127) & (51-128).

234 144   803 805   N Bulgarians      S Both banks Danube R up to Tisza R   C
                                        mouth. Also Pannonia E of Tisza R
                                        (see (149-14)).
                                                                                From BG. Incorporates information from
                                                                                (149-14), confirmed in Putzger, p.41.

900 657   803 809   N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            To conform to (234-144) & (149-15).
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,
                                        Adrianople).} - {Sofia,
                                        Adrianople} *{234-145} - {149-15}*

  7  24   803 #     N Franks          G Pannonia                            A
                                                                                From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-585}*
149  15   809 814   N Bulgarians      S Sofia, Adrianople                   E
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). -
                                                                                Sofia, Adrianople. *{900-657}*

234 145   809 827   N Bulgarians      S W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to  L
                                        Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (149-15). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date to conform to (234-14).
                                        Adrianople).

 15   5   810 #     N Danes           G Frisia                              N
                                                                                From DK.

234 146   813 #     N Byzantines      H Bessarabia                          R
                                                                                By Bulgarians (10K families) from
                                                                                Adrianople.

234 147   813 #     N Slavs           S Adrianople district                 R
                                                                                Probably Bulgarians (not stated how many
                                                                                and from where).

149  18   814 831   A Bulgarians      S LL Ochrid & Prespa                  A
                                                                                Dates because during the reign of Czar
                                                                                Omurtag. To W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R
                                                                                E to Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian
                                                                                Mts; along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E
                                                                                across Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                                                                along Dnestr to Black Sea.
                                                                                S border not stated by author but probably
                                                                                not quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople). +
                                                                                Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR). *{900-
                                                                                658}*

 11 151   815 #     N Angles          G Cornwall                            C
                                                                                From Most of England. *{900-36}*

900  37   815 1100  N Angles          G {Most of England} + {Cornwall}      L
                                        *{11-146} + {11-151}*

325  24   815 #     N Arabs           E Sardinia                            C
                                                                                From N. Africa?

234 148   818 820   N Bulgarians      S Dnepr R area                        A
                                                                                From BG.

 43  19   820 #     N Danes           G Frisia                              N
                                                                                From DK.

 34  12   826 961   N Arabs           E Crete                               C
                                                                                From Spain. (Syn. Saracens).

 15   9   826 841   N Danes           G Ruestringen (near Weser R mouth),   S
                                        Walcheren (isl nr Schelde R mouth,
                                        NL)
                                                                                From DK.

 34  13   827 902   N Arabs           E Sicily                              C
                                                                                (Syn. Saracens). From Tunisia in N.
                                                                                Africa. End date acc/to (168-31).

324   3   827 840   A Arabs           E Coast of S I                        L
                                                                                Established bases here. (Syn. Saracens).

234 149   827 #     N Bulgarians      S Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR).  C
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople).
                                                                                *{234-145}*

900 658   827 896   N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (234-149). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date is Magyar landtaking.
                                        Adrianople).} + {Srem area (betw
                                        Sava & Danube RR).} *{234-145} +
                                        {234-149}*

 20   3   830 #     N Magyars         C Etelkoez (area spanning Dnepr, J.   M
                                        Bug, Dnestr, and Seret RR)
                                                                                From between Don R (see fig 2) & Upper
                                                                                Donets region (acc/to (234-120)) *{172-
                                                                                40}* Following upheavals in Khazar Empire,
                                                                                of which they had been vassals. Definition
                                                                                of Etelkoez from I. Kiszely in ref 172 and
                                                                                in 1979 A Foeld Nepei Europa
                                                                                p. 394/5.

 18   8   830 895   N Magyars         C EtelKoez (Hungarian for land        L
                                        between lower reaches of Danube &
                                        Don RR acc/to this author. But we
                                        accept Kiszely's narrower
                                        definition as given in (20-3)).
                                                                                Start date to conform to (20-3). Pushed
                                                                                out in 895 by Pechenegi.

900 648   834 837   N Danes           G Duurstede (Dorestad, NL, at jct of  N
                                        Lek R arm of Rhine R, Times Atlas,
                                        p. 120, map 1)
                                                                                From DK. Called Vikings in (154-1). End
                                                                                date acc/to (15-6). Identified as Danes in
                                                                                Gwyn Jones: History of the Vikings.

 15  20   836 #     N Danes           G Dublin area                         S
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

900 624   836 1000  A Danes           G {Dublin area} *{15-20}*             L
                                                                                Acc/to (30-28).

 43  12   836 841   N Norwegians      G IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn   S
                                        Duachail in Louth, & in Linn Roio.
                                                                                From N. (Norwegian Vikings)

900 640   839 #     N Swedes          G {Upper Volga R (before it flows     Q
                                        into Rybinskij Lake)} *{43-26}*
                                                                                From S. For consistency with (43-26).

 43  26   839 1000  A Swedes          G Upper Volga R (before it flows      L
                                        into Rybinskij Lake)
                                                                                End date to conform to (154-9).

324  10   840 #     A Arabs           E C I, including Rome                 A
                                                                                Monasteries and towns attacked. From
                                                                                Sicily. (Syn. Saracens).

324   7   840 880   A Arabs           E Taranto, SE coast I                 N
                                                                                Monasteries and towns attacked. From
                                                                                Sicily. (Syn. Saracens).

324   8   840 886   A Arabs           E Santa Severina, S coast I           N
                                                                                Monasteries and towns attacked. From
                                                                                Sicily. (Syn. Saracens).

 43  20   840 #     N Danes           G Rouen, St. Denis, Quentowic, F      A
                                        (see Putzger, p. 39, II)
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

900 915   840 862   A Jews            E Kiev SU                             Q
                                                                                From Khazar Khanate *{900-914}* Ref 234
                                                                                pp. 332/3 and A. Koestler, The 13th Tribe,
                                                                                pp. 109/10. Not known whether these are
                                                                                'original' Jews or converted Khazars.

900 916   840 1200  A Jews            E {Kiev SU} *{900-915}*               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-915). End
                                                                                date: start of Ashkenazi immigration.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50.

234 172   840 #     A Khazars         T Entire Donets R basin, Desna R      C
                                        basin, Don R area as far as
                                        Bogucar.
                                                                                From N Caucasian area & triangular bulge
                                                                                to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR,
                                                                                also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the
                                                                                Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                                                                Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic
                                                                                (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban
                                                                                R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of
                                                                                Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R
                                                                                to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                                                                Dnepr & Dnestr RR. *{900-383}*

900 384   840 850   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (234-172).
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.)} +
                                        {Entire Donets R basin, Desna R
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.}
                                        *{900-385} + {234-172}*

234 173   840 #     A Magyars         C Kiev                                C
                                                                                From EtelKoez (Hungarian for land between
                                                                                lower reaches of Danube & Don RR acc/to
                                                                                this author. But we accept Kiszely's
                                                                                narrower definition as given in (20-3)).
                                                                                *{18-8}*

 32  48   840 878   N Magyars         C Kiev                                L
                                                                                Pushed out by Viking chief. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (234-173).

324   9   841 871   A Arabs           E Bari, SE coast I                    A
                                                                                Monasteries and towns attacked. From
                                                                                Sicily. (Syn. Saracens).

900 636   841 900   A Norwegians      G Trading post in Ireland:            E
                                        Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Wexford
                                                                                From IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn
                                                                                Duachail in Louth, & in Linn Roio. *{43-
                                                                                12}* Start date to conform to (43-12); end
                                                                                date inferred acc/to Gwyn Jones, History
                                                                                of the Vikings, pp. 395-397.

900 637   841 1052  A Norwegians      G {IRL: Dublin, Carlingford, at Linn  L
                                        Duachail in Louth, & in Linn
                                        Roio.} + {Trading post in Ireland:
                                        Waterford, Cork, Limerick,
                                        Wexford} *{43-12} + {900-636}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-636) & (900-638).

 15   7   843 856   N Norwegians      G Noirmoutier, Tours                  N
                                                                                From N. Called Vikings in ref. Were
                                                                                Norwegian Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: A
                                                                                History of the Vikings.

 11 156   843 1150  N Picts           U Scotland                            I
                                                                                By Scoti.

 53  69   844 #     N Vikings         G Ria de Arosa (bay in Galicia, E),   N
                                        Lisbon
                                                                                From SCA. Called Normandos in ref.

232  40   844 #     N Vikings         G Nr Seville                          S
                                                                                From SCA. Called Normans in ref. Attack
                                                                                followed by settlement of the Vikings and
                                                                                their conversion to Islam.

 43  21   845 #     N Danes           G Hamburg, Paris                      A
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

 43  22   849 892   N Danes           G French coast (probably only up to   A
                                        Normandy)
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

229  10   850 1970  A Bashkirs        T Betw Volga, Kama, Tobol & Ural RR   L
                                                                                End date: still there. Part of this area
                                                                                became the Bashkir ASSR in 1919. Occupied
                                                                                by Golden Horde who conscripted them for
                                                                                military service (ca. 1240 AD).

 20   9   850 896   N Bayuvars        G Pannonia RP & E of Danube in        L
                                        Carpathian basin.
                                                                                Residual population. (We do not have a
                                                                                record moving them into Pannonia.)

 11 141   850 #     A Frisians        G Betw. Elbe R & Eider R              E
                                                                                From N NL + Betw. Ems R & Weser R. *{900-
                                                                                467}*

900 388   850 #     A Khazars         T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      T
                                        *{900-386}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-386). To N
                                                                                Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the
                                                                                N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also
                                                                                steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                                                                (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus
                                                                                range. W boundary is Pontic (Black
                                                                                Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch.
                                                                                NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is
                                                                                from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or
                                                                                Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.
                                                                                + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of
                                                                                the Crimean Goths.) + Entire
                                                                                Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area
                                                                                as far as Bogucar. - Area between Ural &
                                                                                Volga RR. *{900-389}*

900 389   850 889   A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (900-386).
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.) +
                                        Entire Donets R basin, Desna R
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.} -
                                        {Area between Ural & Volga RR}
                                        *{900-384} - {900-386}*

900 386   850 #     A Pechenegi       T Area between Ural & Volga RR        M
                                                                                Acc/to (129-46). From Sea of Aral.

900 387   850 889   A Pechenegi       T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      L
                                        *{900-386}*
                                                                                Acc/to (129-46) & (211-10).

 13  54   850 950   A Romny           S Lower Don R, Azov, Taman            Q
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-53). Probably
                                                                                not Severjane. From left bank Middle Dnepr
                                                                                R plus Sejm & Desna RR. + Psjol, Vorskla,
                                                                                Upper Don & Sever Donec RR. *{900-759}*

900 760   850 1000  A Romny           S {Lower Don R, Azov, Taman} *{13-    L
                                        54}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-54). End date
                                                                                expulsion by Pechenegi (acc/to ref 13).

 32  46   852 #     N Danes           G Novgorod (SU)                       A
                                                                                From DK.

 43   5   853 #     N Danes           G Isle of Man                         A
                                                                                From DK.

234 175   855 #     N Frisians        G Novgorod (SU)                       S
                                                                                From Frisia.

 53  70   858 #     N Vikings         G Algeciras, Orihuela, Pamplona (E)   N
                                                                                From SCA. Called Normandos in ref.

154   2   859 862   N Danes           G Provence (F), Liguria (I), Tuscany  N
                                        (Pisa, I)
                                                                                From DK. Called Vikings in ref. Danish
                                                                                Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: History of the
                                                                                Vikings, p.215 ff.

234 176   860 #     N Rus             S Constantinople                      N
                                                                                From Straits of Kerch.

 30  24   860 #     A Swedes          G SW SF, Karelia, Estonia & Kurland   C
                                        (= Kurzeme or Courland, S part of
                                        Latvia)
                                                                                From S.

 15  25   862 879   A Swedes          G Old Ladoga (Staraya Ladoga at or    S
                                        nr Novaja Ladoga at S end of L.
                                        Ladoga), Novgorod & Gnezdovo nr
                                        Smolensk, Kiev (SU)
                                                                                From S. Dates and inclusion of Kiev acc/to
                                                                                (211-21). After settlement in Russia the
                                                                                people known as Varyagi (Varangians) or
                                                                                Rus.

900 641   862 1000  A Swedes          G {Old Ladoga (Staraya Ladoga at or   L
                                        nr Novaja Ladoga at S end of L.
                                        Ladoga), Novgorod & Gnezdovo nr
                                        Smolensk, Kiev (SU)} *{15-25}*
                                                                                For consistency with (15-25) & (154-9).

 43  13   865 870   N Norwegians      G Scotland (Strathclyde area)         A
                                                                                From IRL. Norwegian Vikings. Under Olaf
                                                                                (see p. 207, Gwyn Jones: History of the
                                                                                Vikings).

149  20   867 #     N Arabs           E Dubrovnik area                      A
                                                                                From N. Africa?

154   4   867 876   N Danes           G York, Mercia, E Anglia, Wessex &    Q
                                        Northumbria.
                                                                                From DK. (Danish Vikings)

900 626   867 900   A Danes           G {York, Mercia, E Anglia, Wessex &   L
                                        Northumbria.} *{154-4}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (154-4);
                                                                                end date for consistency with (900-627).

900 635   870 1970  A Icelanders      G Iceland                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (15-23) and continued
                                                                                presence in Iceland.

 15  23   870 930   N Norwegians      G Iceland                             S
                                                                                From N. Some came from Ireland; may be
                                                                                part Celtic. Ref (43-29) cites 3K
                                                                                immigrants from 1400 places.

234 177   878 880   N Rus             S Smolensk, Kiev                      C
                                                                                From Novgorod. Included Varangians (G),
                                                                                Chud (F), Slavs, Merja (F), Ves (F) &
                                                                                Krivice (S).

900 390   889 #     N Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      E
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (900-386). From N
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of       Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +       N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.      steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;            (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.) +        range. W boundary is Pontic
                                        Entire Donets R basin, Desna R
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.} -        (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to
                                        {N Caucasian area & triangular          Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &        boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &          Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R        Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main         Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.)
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW              + Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin,
                                        boundary is Sea of Azov. E              Don R area as far as Bogucar. - Area
                                        boundary is from mouth of Yaik R        between Ural & Volga RR. *{900-389}*
                                        to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across
                                        Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. +
                                        Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital
                                        of the Crimean Goths.) + Entire
                                        Donets R basin, Desna R basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar. -
                                        Area between Ural & Volga RR.}
                                        *{900-391} - {900-389}*
900 391   889 1030  A Khazars         T {N Caucasian area & triangular      L
                                        bulge to the N, betw lower Don &
                                        lower Volga RR, also steppes &
                                        deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R
                                        (= Ural R). S boundary was main
                                        Caucasus range. W boundary is
                                        Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from
                                        Kuban R mouth
                                        to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of         For consistency with (900-390). Khazar
                                        Azov. E boundary is from mouth of       Empire gradually fell to Pechenegi attacks
                                        Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. +       starting in second half of the 9th
                                        Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.      century, also to Kievan attacks (965
                                        + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman;            Sarkel falls). End date from ref 129,
                                        capital of the Crimean Goths.) +        p.111. Encyclopaedia Britannica cites
                                        Entire Donets R basin, Desna R          mention
                                        basin,
                                        Don R area as far as Bogucar.}          of Khazars in historical documents as late
                                        *{900-384}*                             as 12th century.

900 392   889 895   A Pechenegi       T Betw Don & lower Danube RR          M
                                                                                Acc/to (49-1), (211-11), (49-2). From area
                                                                                between Ural & Volga RR. *{900-387}* This
                                                                                is into the land of Etelkoez, from which
                                                                                they displaced the Magyars.

900 393   889 1122  A Pechenegi       T {Betw Don & lower Danube RR} *{900- L
                                        392}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-392). Destroyed
                                                                                and dispersed by Kipchaks in 1091 acc/to
                                                                                (211-13). But rests subdued by Byzantines
                                                                                in 1122 acc/to ref 129, p.370.

 49   7   889 895   A Uzi             T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      Q
                                        (given in ref as: Patxinachia,
                                        Chaxaria, Alania (transcribed from
                                        Greek). Former homeland of
                                        Pechenegi.) *{900-387}*
                                                                                Part of tribe. From C Asia, beyond Urals &
                                                                                Caspian Sea up to Altai Mts. *{49-6}*
                                                                                Dates to conform with (900-392).

900 397   889 1055  A Uzi             T {Area between Ural & Volga RR}      L
                                        (given in ref as: Patxinachia,
                                        Chaxaria, Alania (transcribed from
                                        Greek). Former homeland of
                                        Pechenegi.) *{49-7}*
                                                                                For consistency with (49-7) and (49-9).

324   5   890 973   A Arabs           E SE coast F                          N
                                                                                Monasteries and towns attacked. From
                                                                                Sardinia and Corsica. (Syn. Saracens).

 36   7   890 #     A Avars           M H                                   L
                                                                                Largely Slavicized.

 15  15   892 895   N Danes           G Mercia, Essex, Kent & Sussex,       A
                                        Wessex.
                                                                                From DK. Ref calls them Vikings. They are
                                                                                Danish Vikings acc/to Gwyn Jones: A
                                                                                History of the Vikings.

 43   3   892 904   N Norwegians      G Scotland                            A
                                                                                From IRL.

900 659   896 #     N Bulgarians      S Pannonia E of Tisza R               T
                                                                                To allow for Magyar landtaking. To W
                                                                                boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to Upper
                                                                                Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts; along
                                                                                Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not quite up to
                                                                                modern S border of BG. (Included Pliska,
                                                                                Preslav, Adrianople). + Srem area (betw
                                                                                Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of Tisza
                                                                                R. *{900-660}*

900 660   896 1230  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (900-659). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date acc/to (149-35). We are ignoring the
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw          conquest of the Bulgarian Empire by
                                        Sava & Danube RR).} - {Pannonia E       Byzantium during this period (in 1018).
                                        of Tisza R} *{900-658} - {900-659}*

 36   4   896 907   N Chalisen        R H                                   M
                                                                                Came from Chorezm and spoke Iranian
                                                                                language. Accompanied the Magyars during
                                                                                their landtaking.

900 797   896 1970  N Hungarians      C {Carpathian basin incl. modern H    L
                                        up to its border with A, N into
                                        Slovakia, E to Transylvania & S
                                        somewhat beyond Drave R. (cf
                                        detailed map in ref. use colors
                                        coded 1 & 3)} *{36-1}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (36-1). End date:
                                                                                still there. The Magyars gave rise to the
                                                                                modern Hungarians who assimilated various
                                                                                ethnic groups in Pannonia and the other
                                                                                areas settled.

 36   5   896 907   N Khabar          T Betw Zagyva & Tarna RR (in H)       M
                                        along lower margin of N Mt area.
                                                                                From E supposedly. Came with Magyars.

900 413   896 1200  A Khabar          T {Betw Zagyva & Tarna RR (in H)      L
                                        along lower margin of N Mt area.}
                                        *{36-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (36-5). Probably
                                                                                assimilated linguistically by end date.

 36   1   896 #     N Magyars         C Carpathian basin incl. modern H up  M
                                        to its border with A, N into
                                        Slovakia, E to Transylvania & S
                                        somewhat beyond Drave R. (cf
                                        detailed map in ref. use colors
                                        coded 1 & 3)
                                                                                From EtelKoez (Hungarian for land between
                                                                                lower reaches of Danube & Don RR acc/to
                                                                                this author. But we accept Kiszely's
                                                                                narrower definition as given in (20-3)).
                                                                                *{18-8}* The Magyars were also heavily
                                                                                Turcic in ethnic makeup.

 36   6   896 907   N Pechenegi       T H                                   S
                                                                                A few participate in the landtaking of the
                                                                                Magyars. From area betw Don & lower Danube
                                                                                RR. *{900-392}* End date from Ploetz.

900 394   896 1200  A Pechenegi       T H                                   L
                                                                                For consistency with (36-6) and (31-41).

 36   3   896 907   N Szeklers        T Transilvania                        M
                                                                                Location acc/to (172-45). From E
                                                                                supposedly. These probably had adopted
                                                                                Hungarian language at time of landtaking
                                                                                but had been either Eskil-Bulgarian or
                                                                                Khabar (Chabar) speakers. Another source
                                                                                says they spoke Turkish on arrival but
                                                                                adopted
                                                                                Hungarian later.

900 414   896 1200  N Szeklers        T {Transilvania} *{36-3}*             L
                                                                                For consistency with (36-3) & (172-45).

 20  10   899 955   A Magyars         C D, F, I, N Spain                    A
                                                                                From Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to
                                                                                its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to
                                                                                Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R.
                                                                                (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded
                                                                                1&3). *{900-797}*. These are separate
                                                                                attacks. Dates for most can
                                                                                be obtained from Putzger, p. 39, map II,
                                                                                but most detailed depiction of areas is in
                                                                                Fig 27 of ref 20. These attacks ceased
                                                                                after Magyar defeat at Lechfeld in 955.
                                                                                Magyar leaders were captured & executed.

 34  15   900 #     A Arabs           E Bari, Tarento                       S
                                                                                From Sicily and Crete. (Syn. Saracens).

171   5   900 1000  A British         K Iceland                             Q
                                                                                Slaves from IRL, brought by Vikings but
                                                                                undoubtedly mixed in with Germanic
                                                                                peoples. Probably a very small number.

169  70   900 1000  A Busane          S Along Bug R (PL & SU) (see also     L
                                        endpaper map of ref 14, xeroxed).
                                                                                Believed descendants of Duljebi (acc/to
                                                                                Vana: World of the Ancient Slavs, 1983,
                                                                                p.47). Start date to conform to (234-77).

169  37   900 1700  A Chuvash         T Betw Volga & Belaja RR; on right    L
                                        bank of Volga R, not W of Sura R.
                                                                                Originated from Bulgars & Finno-Ugrians
                                                                                acc/to (229-8). End date fictitious, based
                                                                                on comment in ref that earlier and modern
                                                                                areas differ. Beginning date acc/to (229-
                                                                                8).

901 213   900 #     A Croats          S {YU Macedonia} *{118-14}*           Q
                                                                                To connect (900-687) and (118-14).  From
                                                                                YU in Adriatic hinterlands between Rasa R
                                                                                (Istria) in W and Cetina R (S of split) in
                                                                                E.  (Largely Dalmatia in YU.) + area
                                                                                between Save & Danube RR (up to at least
                                                                                Ptuj in the E, acc/to (147-24)).  *{900-
                                                                                687}*

118  14   900 1000  A Croats          S YU Macedonia                        L
                                                                                (Needs M or E record to move Croats there.)

302  45   900 1000  A Croats          S Betw Labe and Jizera RR, betw       L
                                        Mlada Boleslav & Hradec Kralove
                                        (Bohemia, CS).
                                                                                Called Chorvati, probably syn. Horvati =
                                                                                Croats. Presence in Bohemia confirmed by
                                                                                (14-34) & (14-35), but that author places
                                                                                them further south, due E of Prague (see
                                                                                fig 16 or endpapers). (Needs M or E record
                                                                                to move Croats there.)

900 747   900 1970  A Czechs          S Bohemia (less Sudetenland), CS      L
                                                                                This is a union of Czechi, Zlicane,
                                                                                Sedlcane, Psovane, Lemuci, & Decane to
                                                                                form Czechs. Start date to conform to (900-
                                                                                733), (900-734), (900-739), (900-740),
                                                                                (900-741), (900-742). End date, still
                                                                                present to date.

900 628   900 #     A Danes           G {S Jutland (center at Hedeby; see   T
                                        Times Atlas p. 110, map 3)} *{30-
                                        26}*
                                                                                To Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of S +
                                                                                Jutland and rest of DK other than
                                                                                Sjaelland. - S Jutland (center at Hedeby;
                                                                                see Times Atlas p. 110, map 3) *{900-
                                                                                629}*  Acc/to (30-26). Pushed out by
                                                                                Swedes.

900 627   900 1100  A Danes           G {York, Mercia, E Anglia, Wessex &   I
                                        Northumbria.} *{154-4}*
                                                                                By Anglosaxons. Start date acc/to (43-9);
                                                                                end date acc/to (9-21).

900 629   900 940   A Danes           G {Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of   L
                                        S + Jutland and rest of DK other
                                        than Sjaelland.} - {S Jutland
                                        (center at Hedeby; see Times Atlas
                                        p. 110, map 3)} *{900-622} - {900-
                                        628}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-628); end
                                                                                date to conform to (30-27).

210  11   900 1100  A Galindians      B W part of Muscovy, SW part of       I
                                        Tver, (both principalities in
                                        Russia) districts of Rzhev &
                                        Zubtsov, E part of Smolensk.
                                                                                By Russians.

171   4   900 1000  A Irish           K Iceland                             Q
                                                                                Slaves from IRL, brought by Vikings but
                                                                                undoubtedly mixed in with Germanic peoples.

900 806   900 1200  A Jews            E N AM (For detailed locations see    E
                                        map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From AM - C & E AM + Bosporus *{900-805}*
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 40.

900 829   900 1200  A Jews            E W GR, W Macedonia & Thrace (For     E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 40
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From GR including Crete - W GR, W
                                                                                Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C Macedonia &
                                                                                C Thrace *{900-828}* Dates inferred from
                                                                                de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 40.

900 848   900 1200  A Jews            E Po RV, area E of Rome, S Sardinia   E
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily *{900-
                                                                                846}* Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 40.

900 860   900 1200  A Jews            E S YU coast & BG (For detailed       E
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From GR & AM? Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 40.

900 873   900 1200  A Jews            E {F (exc SE, Normandy, and           E
                                        Brittany) (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} -
                                        {Rhone RV + Loire RV (For detailed      From Rhone RV + Loire RV. *{900-872}*
                                        locations see map p. 30 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)}  *{900-874} -
                                        {900-872}*

900 893   900 1200  A Jews            E Much of D & A & CH (For detailed    E
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Augusta Treverorum (Trier) + Rhine &
                                                                                Moselle RVV - Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +
                                                                                Main & Upper Danube RVV *{900-891}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 40.

900 905   900 1200  A Jews            E England & Dublin area (For          Q
                                        detailed locations see map p. 40
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From: not stated.

900 808   900 1800  A Jews            E {AM - C & E AM + Bosporus} + {N     L
                                        AM} * {900-805} + {900-806} * (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        29, 30, 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-806) and (900-
                                                                                809).

900 830   900 1800  A Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace} + {W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace} *{900-828} +
                                        {900-829} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29, 30,
                                        40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-828), (900-829)
                                                                                and (900-832). End date inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 849   900 1200  A Jews            E {Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} + {Po  L
                                        RV, area E of Rome, S Sardinia}
                                        *{900-846} + {900-848}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        38, 40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-846) and (900-
                                                                                848).

900 861   900 1500  A Jews            E {S YU coast & BG (For detailed      L
                                        locations see map p. 40 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-860}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-860).

900 874   900 1400  A Jews            E F (exc SE, Normandy, and Brittany   L
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        40 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-873). End date
                                                                                acc/to Atlas of the Jewish World p. 36.

900 894   900 1200  A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +       L
                                        Rhine & Moselle RVV - Augusta
                                        Treverorum (Trier) + Main & U
                                        Danube RVV} + {Much of D & A & CH}
                                        *{900-891} + {900-893}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 29, 30, 38 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-893) and (900-
                                                                                898).

900 906   900 1290  A Jews            E {England & Dublin area (For         L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 40
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World)} *{900-
                                        905}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-905). End
                                                                                date: expulsion from Britain.

900 769   900 #     A Macedonians     S {Peloponnese} *{900-768}*           Q
                                                                                From Macedonia. For consistency with (900-
                                                                                768). We actually have no Macedonians
                                                                                listed as such before 978 AD, but these
                                                                                are two Macedonian tribes: the Jezerci &
                                                                                Milinci (acc/to (51-51), 51-52), and (51-
                                                                                133)) and we have no specific records
                                                                                to distinguish their location in Macedonia
                                                                                or in the Peloponnese.

900 768   900 1000  A Macedonians     S Peloponnese                         L
                                                                                Two Macedonian tribes: the Jezerci &
                                                                                Milinci. Acc/to (51-51), (51-52), (51-
                                                                                132), (51-133).

133  58   900 906   N Magyars         C Lower A (up to Enns R) & Greater    A
                                        Moravian Empire
                                                                                From Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to
                                                                                its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to
                                                                                Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R.
                                                                                (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded
                                                                                1&3) *{900-797}*

900 791   900 #     A Mari            F {Mari ASSR, Bashkiria, Kirov area,  M
                                        Tatar ASSR.} *{169-33}*
                                                                                From W of Vetluga, in areas of Gorkij,
                                                                                Kirov, & part of Kostroma up to Unsa R.
                                                                                *{169-34}* Syn. Cheremiss. Date to conform
                                                                                to (169-34).

169  33   900 1970  N Mari            F Mari ASSR, Bashkiria, Kirov area,   L
                                        Tatar ASSR.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-791). End
                                                                                date: still there. 300-1000K people. The
                                                                                population figures from this book (213-14,
                                                                                a generally more detailed reference than
                                                                                212) have been updated from 1970 census.
                                                                                Figures obtained from the Encyclopedia
                                                                                Brittanica. (Syn Cheremiss.) But (229-20)
                                                                                gives the following figures: In Mari ASSR
                                                                                307K, in Bashkir ASSR 107K, in Tatar ASSR
                                                                                17K.

900 748   900 1970  A Moravians       S Moravia, CS                         L
                                                                                This is a union of Moravians & Holasici.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-744) & (900-
                                                                                746). End date, still present to date.

900 695   900 #     N Serbs           S {Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,      E
                                        Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje,
                                        Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                        Macedonia, rest in YU).} -
                                        {Illyricum (former RP) (For a
                                        slightly more precise locality
                                        definition, use (51-71).)} *{51-
                                        44} - {51-113}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-113) & (51-44).
                                                                                Date is a guess to conform to (51-44).
                                                                                From Illyricum (former RP). (For a
                                                                                slightly more precise locality definition,
                                                                                use (51-71).) *{51-113}*

 51  44   900 1100  A Serbs           S Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,       L
                                        Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje,
                                        Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                        Macedonia, rest in YU).
                                                                                Includes subgroups of Neretljani,
                                                                                Zahumljani, Travunjani, Konavljani,
                                                                                Dukljani, Srbica. End date from (51-115).

 30  26   900 #     A Swedes          G S Jutland (center at Hedeby; see    C
                                        Times Atlas p. 110, map 3)
                                                                                From S.

900 642   900 940   N Swedes          G {S Jutland (center at Hedeby; see   L
                                        Times Atlas p. 110, map 3)} *{30-
                                        26}*
                                                                                For consistency with (30-26) & (30-27).

371   4   900 1000  N Trebovane       S W bank Odra R around Wroclaw        L
                                        (Breslau) & W to around Bobr R, SW
                                        PL.
                                                                                Will become part of Poles.

900 757   900 1000  A Vjatice         S {S part of Oka RV & upper Don       T
                                        region, covering the territory of
                                        Orel, Kaluga, Tula & Rjazan. +
                                        Left bank Oka R up to Cernigov
                                        area & right tributaries of Oka R.
                                        Along their S border they fuse
                                        with the Severjane. + Upper Oka R
                                        SU, extending
                                        E to Borshevo. (See Vana, World of      Acc/to Vana: World of Ancient Slavs, 1983,
                                        Ancient Slavs, 1983, p.46.)} -          p.49. To Rjazan area (SU). *{900-758}*
                                        Rjazan area (SU). *{900-756} -
                                        {900-758}*

900 758   900 1300  A Vjatice         S Rjazan area (SU)                    L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-757). End
                                                                                date acc/to (147-11).

900 767   900 1100  A Volhyni         S Volhynia, along Gorin R             L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (234-77).
                                                                                Believed by Vana: World of Ancient Slavs
                                                                                1983, p.47 to be descendants of Duljebi.
                                                                                End date approximates formation of
                                                                                Principality of Volhynia. (Syn. Volynane).
                                                                                Note that there are some labeled thus
                                                                                located in N PL nr Wolin (302-28) but no
                                                                                confirmation from other sources.


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