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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

900 485   451 455   N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      Q
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble.} *{900-482}*
                                                                                Travelled with Huns (Attila) presumably
                                                                                settled with their fellow tribesmen W of
                                                                                Rhine after being repulsed by Gepids. From
                                                                                Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R & Kocher.
                                                                                *{900-478}*

  1  37   451 #     N E. Heruli       G S Moravia & Lower A W of March R    M
                                        up to Vienna. Also betw March and
                                        Eipel (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia;
                                        acc/to ref (12-26)).
                                                                                From Balkans beyond Dnepr R & Danube. *{11-
                                                                                66}* Not clear whether they stayed there
                                                                                between 375 and ca 450 AD and then moved
                                                                                to E A & S Moravia or whether they moved
                                                                                there right away. Beaten and dispersed by
                                                                                Lombards in 508, N of L.
                                                                                Balaton. But R. Much cites 494 for this
                                                                                event.

900 562   451 508   A E. Heruli       G {S Moravia & Lower A W of March R   L
                                        up to Vienna. Also betw March and
                                        Eipel (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia;
                                        acc/to ref (12-26)).} *{1-37}*
                                                                                For consistency with (1-37) & (30-6), (133-
                                                                                32). Ref (12-26) notes a rapid numerical
                                                                                increase.

 12   3   451 #     N Gepidae         G Gaul                                A
                                                                                Under Hun leadership. From North Dacia in
                                                                                wooded & mountainous areas, neighbors of
                                                                                W. Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                                                                Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros, Tisza & Koerces
                                                                                RR (Alfoeld, H). *{900-565}*

  8  12   451 #     N Huns            M Gaul                                A
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

  1  34   451 #     N Ostrogoths      G Gaul                                A
                                                                                From Pannonia. Attacked with Huns.

 12 172   451 #     N Thuringians     G Thuringia In S they settle along    E
                                        Naab & Regen RR, pushing aside the
                                        Naristi who lived there then. In
                                        the N they expanded across the
                                        Harz up to Oker and Ohre RR and
                                        absorbed rests of Cherusci &
                                        Harudi.
                                                                                Former N. Hermunduri. From Mid Elbe R,
                                                                                Saale R area & N of Danube R. Thuringians'
                                                                                area greater than modern Thuringia.
                                                                                Limits: In S, N of Danube R. In Main R
                                                                                area betw Thuringian Forest & Wuerzburg
                                                                                borders area of the Alamanni. In NE
                                                                                up to Elbe R & in N up to Ohre R & Kolbitz-
                                                                                Letzlinger Heide (heath). Toward W & NW
                                                                                border is indefinite. *{195-3}*

900 523   451 500   A Thuringians     G {Thuringia In S they settle along   L
                                        Naab & Regen RR, pushing aside the
                                        Naristi who lived there then. In
                                        the N they expanded across the
                                        Harz up to Oker and Ohre RR and
                                        absorbed rests of Cherusci &
                                        Harudi.} *{12-172}*
                                                                                To conform with (12-172) & (12-173).

  8  13   452 #     N Huns            M I coming via modern YU, attacking   A
                                        Aquileia (Roman seaport E of
                                        Venice). Broke into Po R Valley,
                                        devastated RP Aemilia, took Milan
                                        & Pavia.
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

191   9   454 #     N Alamanni        G Raetia II, Noricum RPP Besancon &   A
                                        Langres.
                                                                                From Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R
                                                                                area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F.
                                                                                + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance,
                                                                                E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                                                                Rheingau and Wetterau. + + Dieuze, betw
                                                                                Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                                                                R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine
                                                                                R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                                                                Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N
                                                                                part of territory. *{900-6}*

191   8   454 470   N Alamanni        G Alsace, Palatinate, Worms           E
                                        Rheingau, Aschaffenburg,
                                        Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R
                                                                                From Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R
                                                                                area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F.
                                                                                + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance,
                                                                                E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                                                                Rheingau and Wetterau. + + Dieuze, betw
                                                                                Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                                                                R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine
                                                                                R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                                                                Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N
                                                                                part of territory. *{900-6}*

900   7   454 496   N Alamanni        G {Alsace, Palatinate, Worms          L
                                        Rheingau, Aschaffenburg,
                                        Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R} +
                                        {Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse
                                        R area, just W of Mosel R, around
                                        Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine
                                        R, S is L Constance, E is Iller &
                                        Danube RR. N
                                        of Main R, the Rheingau and             Conquered by Franks.
                                        Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine &
                                        Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle
                                        Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R,
                                        F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                        Marne R area of Champagne Region,
                                        F. - N part of territory.} *{191-
                                        8} +
                                        {900-6}*

900 566   454 #     N Gepidae         G Part of Transilvania, R             E
                                                                                Acc/to (12-4). From North Dacia in wooded
                                                                                & mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                                                                Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw Uzgorod
                                                                                & Chust.) + Maros, Tisza & Koerces RR
                                                                                (Alfoeld, H). *{900-565}*

900 567   454 471   N Gepidae         G {North Dacia in wooded &            L
                                        mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                        Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                        Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros, Tisza &
                                        Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H).} + {Part
                                        of Transilvania, R} *{900-565} +
                                        {900-566}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-566) & (12-5).

900 363   454 #     N Huns            M {H and R (excluding Valachia)} -    T
                                        {RP Dacia Ripensis} *{900-361} -
                                        {8-15}* *
                                                                                For consistency with (8-15). To RP Dacia
                                                                                Ripensis. *{8-15}*

900 364   454 #     N Huns            M {H and R (excluding Valachia)} -    T
                                        {Dobrogea} *{900-361} - {900-362}*
                                                                                For consistency with (8-15). To Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{900-362}*

  8  15   454 470   N Huns            M RP Dacia Ripensis                   L
                                                                                Defeated by coalition Germanic tribes led
                                                                                by the Gepids. Two pockets of Huns remain.
                                                                                Bulk of Huns destroyed by Goths. Rest
                                                                                gradually amalgamated.

900 362   454 470   N Huns            M Dobrogea                            L
                                                                                Acc/to (8-15). Defeated by coalition
                                                                                Germanic tribes led by the Gepids. Two
                                                                                pockets of Huns remain. Bulk of Huns
                                                                                destroyed by Goths. Rest gradually
                                                                                amalgamated.

900 596   454 #     N Rugii           G {Waldviertel & Weinviertel in       Q
                                        Lower A.} *{1-36}*
                                                                                Acc/to (12-18). From Upper Theiss R (Tisza
                                                                                R) *{900-595}*

 12  19   454 #     N Rugii           G Thrace: Bizye (TR), Arcadiopolis.   R
                                                                                Part of people resettled there by Romans.
                                                                                From Upper Theiss R (Tisza R) *{900-595}*

  1  36   454 487   N Rugii           G Waldviertel & Weinviertel in Lower  L
                                        A.
                                                                                Dispersed by Odoaker in 487.

308  18   454 #     A Vandals         G Malta                               N
                                                                                From Carthage. Most around Carthage in RP
                                                                                Proconsularis, some N of Bysazena, coast
                                                                                of Mauretanias nr Tipasa & Cherchel. *{11-
                                                                                94}*

 11  96   455 #     N Vandals         G Corsica, Sardinia                   C
                                                                                From Carthage. Most around Carthage in RP
                                                                                Proconsularis, some N of Bysazena, coast
                                                                                of Mauretanias nr Tipasa & Cherchel. *{11-
                                                                                94}*

  6  12   455 477   N Vandals         G Rome                                N
                                                                                From Carthage. Most around Carthage in RP
                                                                                Proconsularis, some N of Bysazena, coast
                                                                                of Mauretanias nr Tipasa & Cherchel. *{11-
                                                                                94}*

232  28   456 #     N Visigoths       G Galicia                             A
                                                                                From Tarraconensis RP, Baetica RP,
                                                                                Lusitania & Carthaginensis RPP. *{232-30}*

 11 118   457 490   N Alamanni        G N I & CH                            Q
                                                                                From Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R +
                                                                                Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area,
                                                                                just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                                                                Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E
                                                                                is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                                                                Rheingau and Wetterau. + + Dieuze, betw
                                                                                Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                                                                R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine
                                                                                R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                                                                Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N
                                                                                part of territory. *{900-7}*

 11 120   457 712   N Alamanni        G N I & CH                            L

 12  53   457 474   N Burgundians     G RP Lugdunensis I as well as cities  E
                                        of Lyon, Die (on Drome R), Vienne
                                        & Vaison. Middle & Upper Aare R up
                                        to Solothurn was Eastern Boundary
                                        of Burgandy. The Rhenish areas of
                                        CH (Basel & Windisch were never
                                        Burgundian.
                                                                                From area S of L Geneva, City of Geneva,
                                                                                Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth of the
                                                                                Rhone R into L. Geneva) & Grenoble. *{900-
                                                                                482}*

900 483   457 482   N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      L
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble.} +
                                        {RP Lugdunensis I as well as            For consistency with (12-53) & (17-46).
                                        cities of Lyon, Die (on Drome R),
                                        Vienne & Vaison. Middle & Upper
                                        Aare R up to Solothurn was Eastern
                                        Boundary of Burgandy. The Rhenish
                                        areas of CH (Basel & Windisch were
                                        never Burgundian.} *{12-52} + {12-
                                        53}*

900 577   457 #     A Franks          G Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace &       E
                                        Palatinate.
                                                                                Acc/to (11-110) & (11-117). From betw.
                                                                                Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R +
                                                                                Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including
                                                                                areas to the right of the Rhine R, the
                                                                                Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                                                                Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders. *{900-576}*

900 578   457 480   A Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        Toxandria
                                        = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It       For consistency with (900-577) & (362-7).
                                        is the drainage area of the
                                        Drommel R in N Brabant, extending
                                        E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet
                                        of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                        into Flanders} + {Cambrai & Somme
                                        RR + Alsace & Palatinate.} *{900-
                                        576}
                                        + {900-577}*

 40 111   457 474   N Huns            M Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From Dobrogea.

 40 110   457 474   N Ostrogoths      G Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From Pannonia Prima RP. *(110-67)*

 12 161   458 468   N Suebi           G Lisbon & Coimbra                    E
                                                                                From N Galicia (N of Minho-Sil line) +
                                                                                Betw Douro R & Minho-Sil line. *{900-535}*

900 537   458 585   A Suebi           G {N Galicia (N of Minho-Sil line) +  L
                                        Betw Douro R & Minho-Sil line} +
                                        {Lisbon & Coimbra} *{900-535} +
                                        {12-161}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-161). End date
                                                                                acc/to (11-102).

 31   1   460 #     A Huns            M S Russian steppes                   Q
                                                                                From H and R (excluding Valachia). *{900-
                                                                                361}*

900 365   460 552   N Huns            M {S Russian steppes} *{31-1}*        L
                                                                                For consistency with (31-1) and (31-13).

 11  97   460 500   N Vandals         G E, GR, I coasts                     N
                                                                                From Carthage. Most around Carthage in RP
                                                                                Proconsularis, some N of Bysazena, coast
                                                                                of Mauretanias nr Tipasa & Cherchel. *{11-
                                                                                94}*

 31   4   463 #     N Oguri           T Black Sea environs                  M
                                                                                From the East.

 31   8   463 600   A Oguri           T {Black Sea environs} *{31-4}*       I
                                                                                By Huns to form mixed people sometimes
                                                                                called Huns, sometimes Bulgars. (We shall
                                                                                call them Bulgars.)

 31   5   463 #     N Onoguri         T N of Caucasus Mts                   M
                                                                                From the East. (Location specified in this
                                                                                record comes from (3-2)).

900 375   463 650   A Onoguri         T N of Caucasus Mts                   L
                                                                                Subjugated by Avars. Freed themselves
                                                                                again ca. 625 (acc/to (3-2)).

 31   2   463 #     N Sabiri          T N Caucasian area                    M
                                                                                Location specified in (234-58); from
                                                                                Siberia acc/to (11-33).

900 376   463 550   A Sabiri          T N Caucasian area                    L
                                                                                To link (31-2) with (31-32). *(Location
                                                                                information duplicated from (234-58).)*

 31   3   463 #     N Saraguri        T Black Sea environs                  M
                                                                                From the East.

900 377   463 600   A Saraguri        T {Black Sea environs} *{31-3}*       I
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz, p.372. With Huns to form
                                                                                Bulgars.

 17  43   469 #     N Visigoths       G Bretagne                            A
                                                                                From Aquitania RP. (Roman Province of
                                                                                Aquitania (specific areas assigned to
                                                                                Goths were valley of Garonne R from
                                                                                Toulouse to Bordeaux as well as Atlantic
                                                                                coast from Pyrenees almost to Loire R).
                                                                                They founded the Tolosanic Empire there
                                                                                with their capital at Toulouse. Since 468
                                                                                also in the NE of Iberian peninsula.) *{1-
                                                                                31}*

 12 169   470 #     N Alamanni        G W RP Raetia II                      C
                                                                                Ref also mentions 'much of CH' but that
                                                                                has already been taken care of by (11-118).
                                                                                From Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R +
                                                                                Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area,
                                                                                just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                                                                Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E
                                                                                is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                                                                Rheingau and Wetterau. + + Dieuze, betw
                                                                                Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                                                                R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine
                                                                                R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                                                                Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N
                                                                                part of territory. *{900-7}*
 11  81   470 488   N Ostrogoths      G East Roman Empire advancing along   W
                                        the Moldava-Vardar corridor,
                                        threatening Salonica & Adrianople.
                                        Crossed RP Moesia, Macedonia,
                                        Epirus & Dacia ripensis.
                                                                                From Pannonia Prima RP. *{110-67}* End
                                                                                date acc/to (1-42).

 12   5   471 #     N Gepidae         G Sirmium (and intervening area, RP   E
                                        Pannonia II, YU).
                                                                                From North Dacia in wooded & mountainous
                                                                                areas, neighbors of W. Goths. (W corner of
                                                                                Ukraine, betw Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros,
                                                                                Tisza & Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H). + Part of
                                                                                Transilvania, R. *{900-567}*

900 568   471 504   N Gepidae         G {North Dacia in wooded &            L
                                        mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                        Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                        Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros, Tisza &
                                        Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H). + Part of
                                        Transilvania, R} + {Sirmium (and
                                        intervening area, RP Pannonia II,
                                        YU).} *{900-567}
                                        + {12-5}*                               Start date acc/to (12-5). End date for
                                                                                consistency with (900-569).

 12  27   473 508   A E. Heruli       G Pannonia, Noricum                   A
                                                                                From S Moravia & Lower A W of March R up
                                                                                to Vienna. Also betw March and Eipel
                                                                                (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia; acc/to ref (12-
                                                                                26)). *{1-37}*

 32  19   475 #     A Acarag-Antes    R Illyricum (Roman Region)            S
                                                                                From Middle Danube R. *{32-12}*

900  43   475 568   A Acarag-Antes    R {Illyricum (Roman Region)} *{32-    L
                                        19}*

 32  18   475 #     A Alans           R Dobrugea                            M
                                                                                From Kuban & Terek area. *{900-11}*

 18   1   475 #     A Proto-Bulgars   T Carpathian basin                    A
                                                                                From S Russia and further east. (Acc/to to
                                                                                Ploetz p.372, these could have been
                                                                                Saraguri, Oguri, or Onoguri.) Proto-
                                                                                Bulgars must here refer to one of the
                                                                                groups that later merged to form the
                                                                                Bulgars.

901  76   476 1970  N Corsicans       I Corsica                             L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman empire; end date:
                                                                                still there. In 1970 200K, incl 17K French
                                                                                from N Africa, some Arabs, Spaniards,
                                                                                Portugese, 10K Italians.

901  63   476 1970  N French          I French speaking areas of F, B & CH  L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman empire; end date:
                                                                                still there.

901  70   476 1970  N Italians        I Italic speaking areas of I & CH     L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman empire; end date:
                                                                                still there.

901  62   476 1970  N Portugese       I Portugal                            L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman Empire; end date:
                                                                                still there. Population estimated in 1500
                                                                                AD to be 1M acc/to (53-97).

901  61   476 1970  N Spaniards       I Spain incl. Balearics               L
                                                                                Start date: end of Roman Empire; end date:
                                                                                still there. For population estimates in
                                                                                1500 AD for various parts of Spain, see
                                                                                (53-91) to (53-96).

362   7   480 #     N Franks          G Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into    E
                                        Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck,
                                        Saarland.
                                                                                From betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria
                                                                                = Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders. + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. *{900-578}*

900 579   480 486   N Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        Toxandria
                                        = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It       For consistency with (362-7) & (2-20).
                                        is the drainage area of the
                                        Drommel R in N Brabant, extending
                                        E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet
                                        of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                        into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR
                                        + Alsace & Palatinate.} +
                                        {Luxembourg,
                                        & along Mosel R into Rheinland-
                                        Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland.} *{900-
                                        578} + {362-7}*

  1  43   480 #     N Proto-Bulgars   T BG                                  A
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* Proto-Bulgars must
                                                                                here refer to one of the groups that later
                                                                                merged to form the Bulgars.

195   1   480 #     N Thuringians     G Passau (D)                          A
                                                                                From Thuringia. (In S they settle along
                                                                                Naab & Regen RR, pushing aside the Naristi
                                                                                who lived there then. In the N they
                                                                                expanded across the Harz up to Oker and
                                                                                Ohre RR and absorbed rests of Cherusci &
                                                                                Harudi.) *{12-172}*

 40 112   481 558   N Kutriguri       T Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From Sea of Azov, W shore Sea of Azov up
                                                                                to Don R & Black Sea shore of part of
                                                                                Crimea. *{7-5}*

 40 113   481 558   N Utriguri        T Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.
                                                                                From Sea of Azov, E shore Sea of Azov from
                                                                                Don R to Kerc (Crimea). *{7-4}*

900 484   482 #     N Burgundians     G {S of L Geneva City of Geneva,      E
                                        Ebrudunum (Villeneuve at the mouth
                                        of the Rhone R into L. Geneva) &
                                        Grenoble. +
                                        RP Lugdunensis I as well as cities      For consistency with (17-46). From S of L
                                        of Lyon, Die (on Drome R), Vienne       Geneva City of Geneva, Ebrudunum
                                        & Vaison. Middle & Upper Aare R up      (Villeneuve at the mouth of the Rhone R
                                        to Solothurn was Eastern Boundary       into L. Geneva) & Grenoble. +
                                        of Burgandy. The Rhenish areas of
                                        CH (Basel & Windisch were never
                                        Burgundian.} -
                                        {Basin of Rhone R up to the             RP Lugdunensis I as well as cities of
                                        Durance in S, to the Saone V, in        Lyon, Die (on Drome R), Vienne & Vaison.
                                        CH up to the Aar R, in the              Middle & Upper Aare R up to Solothurn was
                                        Bourgogne, reaching NW to the           Eastern Boundary of Burgandy. The Rhenish
                                        Auxerrois, the Senonais, the            areas of CH (Basel & Windisch were never
                                        Troesin, & in W the Cevennes. (See      Burgundian. *{900-483}*
                                        also map 37-I in Putzger.)} *{900-
                                        483} - {17-46}*

 17  46   482 534   N Burgundians     G Basin of Rhone R up to the Durance  L
                                        in S, to the Saone V, in CH up to
                                        the Aar R, in the Bourgogne,
                                        reaching NW to the Auxerrois, the
                                        Senonais, the Troesin, & in W the
                                        Cevennes. (See also map 37-I in
                                        Putzger.)
                                                                                End date conquered by Franks. Many sources
                                                                                (e.g. (1-46)).

900 503   482 #     N Visigoths       G {Pyrenees to Loire R from Atlantic  E
                                        Ocean to Rhone R & from E of that
                                        R in the region reaching just to
                                        the Alps, comprising that area
                                        between the Durance and the
                                        Mediterranean Sea.} *{17-45}*
                                                                                From Aquitania RP. (Roman Province of
                                                                                Aquitania (specific areas assigned to
                                                                                Goths were valley of Garonne R from
                                                                                Toulouse to Bordeaux as well as Atlantic
                                                                                coast from Pyrenees almost to Loire R).
                                                                                They founded the Tolosanic Empire there
                                                                                with their capital at Toulouse. Since 468
                                                                                also in the NE of Iberian peninsula.) *{1-
                                                                                31}*

 17  45   482 507   N Visigoths       G Pyrenees to Loire R from Atlantic   L
                                        Ocean to Rhone R & from E of that
                                        R in the region reaching just to
                                        the Alps, comprising that area
                                        between the Durance and the
                                        Mediterranean Sea.
                                                                                End date acc/to (1-31).

  2  20   486 494   N Franks          G Between Seine & Loire RR            E
                                                                                From betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria
                                                                                = Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders. + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg,
                                                                                & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. *{900-579}*

900 580   486 496   N Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        Toxandria
                                        = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It       For consistency with (2-20) & (2-24).
                                        is the drainage area of the
                                        Drommel R in N Brabant, extending
                                        E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet
                                        of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                        into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR
                                        + Alsace & Palatinate.} +
                                        {Luxembourg,
                                        & along Mosel R into Rheinland-
                                        Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. +
                                        {Between Seine & Loire RR} *{900-
                                        579} + {2-20}*

  7  12   487 508   N Lombards        G Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube R,  L
                                        between Vienna Woods and Enns R.
                                                                                End date to conform to (133-33). Acc/to (9-
                                                                                25), relatively small tribe constantly
                                                                                trying to augment their numbers through
                                                                                the addition of slaves.

  5   8   487 #     N Rugii           G Lower Moesia RP                     Q
                                                                                From Waldviertel & Weinviertel in Lower A.
                                                                                *{1-36}* Rugii beaten by Odoaker's
                                                                                brother, survivors escape to Moesia
                                                                                Inferior to join Ostrogoths.

 12  21   487 #     N Rugii           G N I                                 R
                                                                                From Waldviertel & Weinviertel in Lower A.
                                                                                *{1-36}* Can be part of population only
                                                                                (those taken prisoner), since other went
                                                                                to L. Moesia RP (cf. (133-24), (5-8)).

900 599   487 541   N Rugii           G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       L
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-21), (900-598), &
                                                                                (12-22).

900 597   487 490   N Rugii           G {Lower Moesia RP} *{5-8}*           W
                                                                                With Ostrogoths acc/to (133-24) & (5-8).
                                                                                End date acc/to (1-44).

900 539   488 533   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R.} *{12-152}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-152) & (12-154).
                                                                                These were formerly called Marcomanni.

 12 152   488 533   A Marcomanni      G RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper    Q
                                        A, W of Enns R.
                                                                                From Bohemia. *{14-5}* These are called
                                                                                Bayuvars in original reference. The
                                                                                descent of Bayuvars from Marcomanni is not
                                                                                firmly established.

  5   7   488 #     N Romanics        I I                                   R
                                                                                Ref says 'much' of pop. was resettled in
                                                                                I. Coming from W Weinviertel in Lower A
                                                                                (see (137-3)).

  1  44   489 493   N Ostrogoths      G I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,        M
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)
                                                                                From Balkans. End date: death of Odoaker.
                                                                                20K warriors = 100K people.

 11  82   489 552   N Ostrogoths      G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       L
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                At end date they were conquered and many
                                                                                deported by E. Romans (Byzantines).

900 598   489 493   N Rugii           G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       Q
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                From Lower Moesia RP. *{5-8}* Accompanying
                                                                                Ostrogoths.

  2  25   496 #     A Alamanni        G Alpine Raetia area S of Bodensee    S
                                        (L. Constance) and nr Upper Rhine
                                        R.
                                                                                Part of tribe. Refugees from Franks.
                                                                                From Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R +
                                                                                Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area,
                                                                                just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                                                                Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E
                                                                                is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                                                                Rheingau and Wetterau. + + Dieuze, betw
                                                                                Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                                                                R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine
                                                                                R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                                                                Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N
                                                                                part of territory. *{900-7}*
  2  26   496 #     A Alamanni        G Noricum                             S
                                                                                Part of tribe. Refugees from Franks. Also
                                                                                some Alan refugees.
                                                                                From Alsace, Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R +
                                                                                Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area,
                                                                                just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                                                                Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E
                                                                                is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                                                                Rheingau and Wetterau. + + Dieuze, betw
                                                                                Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                                                                R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine
                                                                                R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. +
                                                                                Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N
                                                                                part of territory. *{900-7}*
900   8   496 746   N Alamanni        G {Alpine Raetia area S of Bodensee   L
                                        (L. Constance) and nr Upper Rhine
                                        R.} + {Noricum.} *{2-25} + {2-26}*
                                                                                Assimilated by Franks.

197   7   496 #     N Franks          G Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of        C
                                        Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R,
                                        Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area
                                        of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182).
                                                                                From betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria
                                                                                = Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders. + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg,
                                                                                & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR. *{900-580}*

  2  24   496 497   N Franks          G Alaman Empire {(Alsace,             E
                                        Palatinate, Worms Rheingau,
                                        Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W
                                        of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, &
                                        E CH + {Meuse R area, just W of
                                        Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                        Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L
                                        Constance, E is Iller
                                        & Danube RR. N of Main R, the           From betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                        Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze,        Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                        betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille        including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                        R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes,       R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                        on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. +        the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                        Autun, E F. + Marne R area of           & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria
                                        Champagne Region, F. - N part of
                                        territory.)}
                                        *{900-7}*                               = Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders. + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg,
                                                                                & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR. *{900-580}*

900 581   496 507   N Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        Toxandria
                                        = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It       For consistency with (2-24), (197-7) &
                                        is the drainage area of the             (166-18).
                                        Drommel R in N Brabant, extending
                                        E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet
                                        of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                        into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR
                                        + Alsace & Palatinate. +
                                        Luxembourg,
                                        & along Mosel R into Rheinland-
                                        Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. +
                                        Between Seine & Loire RR} +
                                        {Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                        Palatinate, Worms Rheingau,
                                        Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W
                                        of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, &
                                        E CH + Meuse R area, just
                                        W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                        other areas}. See long record.
                                        *{900-580} + {2-24} + {197-7}*

232  24   500 550   A Alans           R Furthest part of Galicia            I
                                                                                By Suebi.

900  34   500 600   A Angles          G {GB: Norfolk & Suffolk + Along      M
                                        Thames R, nr Dorchester, Croydon,
                                        Mucking (Essex), Milton Regis
                                        (Kent), E coast: Rickborough,
                                        Caistor by Norwich.} *{900-30}*
                                                                                From Angeln area in Schleswig. *{900-29}*

234  80   500 600   A Antes           S Taman region                        S
                                                                                From the Lower Bug R (the one emptying
                                                                                into Black Sea). + From Desna R mouth &
                                                                                upper Donets R to upper Sluc & Goryn RR
                                                                                (near Rovno) & middle Dnestr R centered on
                                                                                middle Dnepr R. + W bank Dnestr R. *{900-
                                                                                45}*

900  79   500 #     A Avars           M W part of S Russian steppes         M
                                                                                Acc/to (169-47). Pushed there from C Asia
                                                                                by expansion of Turcic state acc/to (3-1).

900  85   500 850   A Avars           M {W part of S Russian steppes}       L
                                        *{900-79}*
                                                                                Amalgamated with surrounding peoples.

118   5   500 600   A Bersiti         S YU Macedonia                        S
                                                                                From NE.

 12  31   500 550   A Brioni          K Brenner Pass (Tyrol)                L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (1-45). Syn. Breoni.

114  15   500 900   A Byzantines      H Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs.

 11 159   500 600   A Celts           K Galicia, Seine estuary              Q
                                                                                From Britain. A trickle.

234  81   500 1970  A Circassians     O S of Kuban R mouth                  L
                                                                                End date: still there. (Syn. Kasogi,
                                                                                Cherkessy.) They speak a Caucasian
                                                                                language acc/to ref 229.

900 731   500 600   A Czechi          S Betw Berounka and Ohre RR, due W    M
                                        of Prague, CS.
                                                                                Acc/to (302-44). From N in E PL (acc/to
                                                                                (19-22)). Implied since (19-22) talks
                                                                                about W. Slavs only. These are a Czech
                                                                                tribe.

900 733   500 900   A Czechi          S {Betw Berounka and Ohre RR, due W   L
                                        of Prague, CS.} *{900-731}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-731). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

114  11   500 1000  A Daco-Romans     I Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs. Not all must
                                                                                have assimilated then. There is another
                                                                                mention in (114-22) of later
                                                                                assimilations. Some small pop. islands
                                                                                remain even today.

194  22   500 600   A Danes           G NL & Gaul                           A
                                                                                From Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of S +
                                                                                Jutland and rest of DK other than
                                                                                Sjaelland. *{900-622}*

170  15   500 #     A Danes           G Jutland and rest of DK other than   Q
                                        Sjaelland.
                                                                                From Sweden. *{30-1}* Rest of DK (islands)
                                                                                inferred, not explicitly stated in
                                                                                reference.

900 622   500 900   A Danes           G {Sjaelland, Skane, other areas of   L
                                        S } + {Jutland and rest of DK
                                        other than Sjaelland.} *{30-1} +
                                        {170-15}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (170-15). End date
                                                                                acc/to (30-26).

900 738   500 600   A Decane          S E of Labe R, nr Decin, CS           M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe, but located very
                                                                                peripherally. *Location acc/to (302-50).*

900 742   500 900   A Decane          S {E of Labe R, nr Decin, CS} *{900-  L
                                        738}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-738). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

234  77   500 900   A Duljebi         S W Volhynia                          L
                                                                                End date is guess partly based on (234-
                                                                                165). About this time the Duljebi, in
                                                                                their various scattered locations must
                                                                                have been assimilated by the respective
                                                                                surrounding Slavic groups. These are E.
                                                                                Slavs acc/to F. Dvornik, The Slavs, 1956.

 12 110   500 650   A Frisians        G Betw. Ems R & Weser R               E
                                                                                From Frisia. Area vacated by Saxons who
                                                                                went to Britain. End date taken from (11-
                                                                                140).

 11 142   500 #     A Frisians        G East Anglia (England)               S
                                                                                From Frisia.

900 467   500 850   A Frisians        G {N NL} + {Betw. Ems R & Weser R.}   L
                                        *{181-7} + {12-110}*
                                                                                Acc/to (181-7) & (12-110).

 30   9   500 550   A Gutar           G E Baltic & E sea coast              Q
                                                                                From Goetland (Island off S). *{30-4}*

900 745   500 600   A Holasizi        S Around and W of Ostrava, along      M
                                        Odra R, (N Moravia, CS).
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-39).*

900 746   500 900   A Holasizi        S {Around and W of Ostrava, along     L
                                        Odra R, (N Moravia, CS).} *{900-
                                        745}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-745). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire. Probably syn.
                                                                                with Golensici.

114  14   500 1000  A Illyrians       Y Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs. (This must
                                                                                be matched up later--during the gens-
                                                                                consistency check--with specific Illyrian
                                                                                tribes extant in this area, and will then
                                                                                serve to provide end dates for the
                                                                                location records of such tribes.)

 31  31   500 650   A Khazars         T N of Caucasus & Caspian             L
                                                                                Acc/to (234-84), mixed with original
                                                                                (Japhetide) stock, Sarmatians, Hunno-
                                                                                Bulgars & Ugrians.

900 792   500 1500  A Komi            F Between Upper Kama R & Ural mts,    L
                                        including Perm.
                                                                                This record was synthesized from several
                                                                                sources, incl (169-26), (169-27), the
                                                                                article on Uralic languages in the
                                                                                Encyclo- pedia Britannica, etc. This is
                                                                                the ancestral group to the Komi-Permyaks
                                                                                and Komi-Zyryans. Start date: guess to
                                                                                correspond with other Finnic tribes. End
                                                                                date: supposed split into the two groups
                                                                                speaking different dialects (169-29).

 13  48   500 600   A Korcak          S R, BG                               Q
                                                                                Dates based on Vana: World of Ancient
                                                                                Slavs, p.43. From NW Ukraine from Middle
                                                                                Dnepr R in the E, to Upper W Bug R in the
                                                                                W, from Pripet R in the N, to the area of
                                                                                the Dnepr R to the S Bug R in the S. *{13-
                                                                                46}*

 13  46   500 700   A Korcak          S NW Ukraine from Middle Dnepr R in   L
                                        the E, to Upper W Bug R in the W,
                                        from Pripet R in the N, to the
                                        area of the Dnepr R to the S Bug R
                                        in the S.
                                                                                Culture believed by D. T. Berezovec to
                                                                                have been produced by Drevljan tribe.
                                                                                Developed into Luka-Rajkoveckaja group.

 27 177   500 1970  A Kymry           K Wales                               L
                                                                                Formed from Britons and Ordovici who
                                                                                amalgamated. These are the direct
                                                                                ancestors of the Welsh. End date: still
                                                                                there.

900 737   500 600   A Lemuzi          S Around Most and Teplice, CS         M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-49).*

900 741   500 900   A Lemuzi          S {Around Most and Teplice, CS}       L
                                        *{900-737}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-737). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

900 771   500 600   A Lucane          S Around Zatec, CS                    M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location
                                                                                information acc/to (302-47).*

900 772   500 900   A Lucane          S {Around Zatec, CS} *{900-771}*      L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-771). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

 14   7   500 550   A Marcomanni      G Former RP Raetia along U Danube R   M
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

169  34   500 900   A Mari            F W of Vetluga, in areas of Gorkij,   L
                                        Kirov, & part of Kostroma up to
                                        Unsa R.
                                                                                Syn. Cheremiss. Start date: guess to
                                                                                correspond with other Finnic tribes. End
                                                                                date: we assume they were displaced by
                                                                                Krivice.

900 743   500 600   A Moravians       S C & S Moravia (see map 302,         M
                                        Moravane), CS.
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-40).*

900 744   500 900   A Moravians       S {C & S Moravia (see map 302,        L
                                        Moravane), CS.} *{900-734}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-743). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire. (Syn. Mahrharii).

229  21   500 1970  A Mordvins        F Mordvin (Mordovskaja) ASSR,         L
                                        Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR. Also
                                        Penza area (acc/to (169-35)).
                                                                                Start date: guess to correspond to other
                                                                                Finnic tribes. End date: still there. In
                                                                                Mordvin ASSR 339K, in Chuvash ASSR 20K, in
                                                                                Tatar ASSR 30K. Consists of 3 subtribes:
                                                                                Ersja (Erzas), Moksha & Terjukhans.

900 681   500 #     A Obodrites       S W Mecklenburg Region, DDR. (For     Q
                                        more precise outline see ref 302,
                                        yellow area labeled Obodriti.)
                                                                                Date is compromise between this reference
                                                                                and frontpaper of ref 14. Not known from
                                                                                where they came, but these are Obodrites
                                                                                in the Alfoeld (map 302). Into the area
                                                                                vacated by Germanic tribes. This is an
                                                                                aggregation of tribes incl. Obodriti
                                                                                (sensu stricto), Vagrove, Varnove, Linane,
                                                                                Brezane, Dosane, Drevane, Polabane, whose
                                                                                separate locations can be found on map
                                                                                302. Although Polabane is given as a
                                                                                subgroup above, Polabians are given as a
                                                                                major group consisting of Obodrites
                                                                                (sensu lato) & Lutici (Wilcy) in E. Vana:
                                                                                The World of Ancient Slavs says that while
                                                                                Germanics left earlier, land was
                                                                                unihabited for some time. He places
                                                                                arrival of Slavs in 7th C. (Syn.
                                                                                Abodrites).

900 682   500 1200  A Obodrites       S {W Mecklenburg Region, DDR. (For    L
                                        more precise outline see ref 302,
                                        yellow area labeled Obodriti.) }
                                        *{900-681}*
                                                                                Acc/to many refs, e.g. (14-24), and its
                                                                                chronology. Start date for consistency
                                                                                with (900-681), end date last mentioned
                                                                                dates in ref 14 chronology. This is an
                                                                                aggregation of tribes incl. Obodriti
                                                                                (sensu stricto), Vagrove, Varnove, Linane,
                                                                                Brezane, Dosane, Drevane, Polabane, whose
                                                                                separate locations can be found on map 302.

 11  40   500 600   A Old Turks       T E of Volga R                        L

900 506   500 #     A Ostrogoths      G {Swiss part of Raetia (RP)} *{178-  Q
                                        11}*
                                                                                For consistency with (178-11). From I.
                                                                                (Modern Lombardy, Venetia, Tuscany, the so-
                                                                                called Marks, especially the fortress of
                                                                                Osimo S of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                                                                or Lower Italy.) *{1-44}* Ref calls them
                                                                                Goths, but (11-82) implies they
                                                                                were Ostrogoths.

178  11   500 530   A Ostrogoths      G Swiss part of Raetia (RP)           L

 32  23   500 #     A Pomorane        S Betw Oder R & Vistula R along E     M
                                        sea coast. (See map 302 for S
                                        boundary. There are 2 types of
                                        stippling to represent them.)
                                                                                Date is compromise between this reference
                                                                                and frontpaper of ref 14. Not known from
                                                                                where they came, but ref 14 frontpaper
                                                                                shows them as coming from S. Into the area
                                                                                vacated by Germanic Germanic tribes. (Syn.
                                                                                Pomorzanie).

900 685   500 1100  A Pomorane        S {Betw Oder R & Vistula R along E    L
                                        sea coast. (See map 302 for S
                                        boundary. There are 2 types of
                                        stippling to represent them.)}
                                        *{32-23}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (32-23). End date
                                                                                is conservative. There was much German
                                                                                immigration in 12th C, but W & C Pomerania
                                                                                ruled by Poles until 17th C. E Pomerania
                                                                                conquered by Teutonic Knights in 1308-
                                                                                1454, reconquered by PL, then
                                                                                annexed by by Prussia in 1772. Modern
                                                                                Pomerania, W in DDR, C & E in PL (source
                                                                                from E).

900 736   500 600   A Psovane         S Betw Labe and Jizera RR due N of    M
                                        Prague, CS.
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-46).*

900 740   500 900   A Psovane         S {Betw Labe and Jizera RR due N of   L
                                        Prague, CS.} *{900-736}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-736). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

169  50   500 1000  A Sarmatians      R Lower course Volga                  L
                                                                                Part of Khazar population substrate.
                                                                                Lowered start date to 500 from 700 to
                                                                                correct.

900 670   500 #     A Sclavini        S Lower Danube R (E Valachia,         Q
                                        coastal Moldavia, ROM).
                                                                                Acc/to (234-49). Detailed locations acc/to
                                                                                (32-26) & Putzger, p.37/II (Sklowenen).
                                                                                From area betw Carpathian Mts & Mid Dnepr
                                                                                R, chiefly in Kiev region. *{234-49}*

900 671   500 600   A Sclavini        S {Lower Danube R (E Valachia,        L
                                        coastal Moldavia, ROM).} *{900-
                                        670}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-670) and (51-82).

900 735   500 600   A Sedlcane        S Around Karlovy Vary, CS             M
                                                                                From N in E PL (acc/to (19-22)). Implied
                                                                                since (19-22) talks about W. Slavs only.
                                                                                These are a Czech tribe. *Location acc/to
                                                                                (302-48).*

900 739   500 900   A Sedlcane        S {Around Karlovy Vary, CS} *{900-    L
                                        735}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-735). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

 33   8   500 550   A Slavs           S Left bank Danube R from Iron Gate   Q
                                        to its mouth.
                                                                                From Danube R delta. Confirmed by Vana:
                                                                                The World of Ancient Slavs, map on p.40.
                                                                                No evidence how long they stayed there.

123  26   500 600   A Slavs           S Dacia (former RP) (up to Danube R). Q
                                                                                From area betw Oder, Dnepr & Vistula RR
                                                                                and Carpathian Mts.

174   1   500 650   A Slavs           S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    Q
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            From area betw Lower Danube & Dnestr RR.
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              Start date by inference and also from
                                        Adrianople). - Sofia, Adrianople}       Vana: The World of Ancient Slavs, p.43.
                                        *{900-657}*                             End date is guess based on Vana: The World
                                                                                of Ancient Slavs, map on p. 40, and
                                                                                supposition that Slavs were in place
                                                                                when the Bulgars arrived in 680 AD.

900 778   500 805   A Slavs           S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (174-1), end date
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              to conform to (900-657).
                                        Adrianople). - Sofia, Adrianople}
                                        *{900-657}*

900 749   500 600   A Slovaks         S Slovakia, S of Carpathian Mts (see  M
                                        map 302).
                                                                                Location acc/to (302-41). Vana: The World
                                                                                of Ancient Slavs p.35 suggests they might
                                                                                have reached E Slovakia as early as first
                                                                                half of 5th C. From N in E PL (acc/to (19-
                                                                                22)). Implied since (19-22) talks about W.
                                                                                Slavs only. These are
                                                                                a Czech tribe.

900 750   500 1050  A Slovaks         S {Slovakia, S of Carpathian Mts      L
                                        (see map 302).} *{900-749}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-749). End
                                                                                date is last date given on Czech Atlas map
                                                                                52.

148   9   500 #     A Sorbs           S Saale R area                        M
                                                                                From Labe (Elbe) R in Bohemia. Date
                                                                                approximate confirmed by (32-21). Into the
                                                                                area vacated by Germanic tribes.

900 677   500 850   A Sorbs           S {Saale R area} *{148-9}*            L
                                                                                To conform to (148-9) and (14-30). See
                                                                                also under Serbs (51-112). May include
                                                                                Sorbs from Bohemia as well as Lausitz
                                                                                Sorbs from Nieder-Lausitz. Date when
                                                                                assimilated by Germanic speakers not
                                                                                found, but no Slavic speakers located there
                                                                                today.

900 222   500 600   A Sukow-Szeligi   G C Pommerania, Lower & C Vistula     L
                                        area. + Elbe R, Gulf of Luebeck &
                                        E Holstein. (See map 7 in ref 148
                                        (circles).)
                                                                                Acc/to (148-3), (148-4). These are
                                                                                Germanic rest populations together with
                                                                                immigrant Slavs.

900 639   500 600   A Swedes          G Mouth of Western Dvina (Daugava)    S
                                        R, Latvia (SU).
                                                                                Additional info acc/to (234-126). From S.

114  12   500 1000  A Thracians       P Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                Merged with Macedonian Slavs.

900 296   500 600   A Thracians       P Serbia                              L
                                                                                To accomodate (114-34).

900 297   500 700   A Thracians       P BG                                  L
                                                                                To accomodate (114-5).

 12 173   500 #     A Thuringians     G Land betw Werra R, the Thuringian   E
                                        Forest, Mulde, Elbe, Ohre, Aller,
                                        Oker RR, and the Kaufunger and
                                        Seulings forests.
                                                                                From Thuringia. (In S they settle along
                                                                                Naab & Regen RR, pushing aside the Naristi
                                                                                who lived there then. In the N they
                                                                                expanded across the Harz up to Oker and
                                                                                Ohre RR and absorbed rests of Cherusci &
                                                                                Harudi.) *{12-172}*

900 524   500 750   A Thuringians     G {Land betw Werra R, the Thuringian  L
                                        Forest, Mulde, Elbe, Ohre, Aller,
                                        Oker RR, and the Kaufunger and
                                        Seulings forests.} *{12-173}*
                                                                                To conform with (12-173). End date acc/to
                                                                                (357-5).

169  31   500 1970  A Udmurts         F Udmurtian ASSR; also adjacent       L
                                        areas of Bashkiria, Perm,Kirov
                                        (see Fig 11).
                                                                                Start date: guess to correspond with other
                                                                                Finnic tribes. End date: still there.
                                                                                Udmurtian ASSR (476 K), Bashkiria (25 K),
                                                                                Perm (28 K), Kirov (50 K). Syn. Votyaks.

900 679   500 625   A Veleti          S E portion of Mecklemburg, all of    M
                                        Brandenburg (DDR). (For more
                                        precise outline see ref 302, red
                                        stippled area labeled Veleti=
                                        Lutici.)
                                                                                Dates are compromise between (32-22) and
                                                                                frontpaper map in ref 14, supported by (33-
                                                                                9) & (192-6). From SE, possibly area of H.
                                                                                Into the area vacated by Germanic tribes.

900 683   500 1200  A Veleti          S {E portion of Mecklemburg, all of   L
                                        Brandenburg (DDR). (For more
                                        precise outline see ref 302, red
                                        stippled area labeled Veleti=
                                        Lutici.)} *{900-679}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-679). End
                                                                                date last mention of Veleti in chronology
                                                                                of ref 14. (Syn. Lutici, Wilzen). This is
                                                                                an aggregation of tribes including
                                                                                Chyzini, Crespenane, Dolenci, Ratari,
                                                                                Ukrane, Recane, Moricane, Havolane,
                                                                                Sprevane, & Lubusane, whose separate
                                                                                location could be found on map 302. There
                                                                                is some evidence in ref 14 that Havolane =
                                                                                Heveller = Stodorane may be a relatively
                                                                                major group of equal rank to Veleti. But
                                                                                E article on Polabians mentions
                                                                                them as subgroups of Lutici (Lutycy) or
                                                                                Wilzen (Wilcy).

900 732   500 600   A Zlicane         S Betw Labe and Sazava RR, due E of   M
                                        Prague, CS.
                                                                                Acc/to (302-43). From N in E PL (acc/to
                                                                                (19-22)). Implied since (19-22) talks
                                                                                about W. Slavs only. These are a Czech
                                                                                tribe.

900 734   500 900   A Zlicane         S {Betw Labe and Sazava RR, due E of  L
                                        Prague, CS.} *{900-732}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-732). End
                                                                                date is arbitrary. No evidence for
                                                                                individual tribes after 900 AD. After that
                                                                                date we will group and call the Czech
                                                                                Slavs as Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks.
                                                                                Between 623-658 they were part of the
                                                                                Greater Moravian Empire.

 12   6   504 #     N Gepidae         G Gaul                                R
                                                                                From Sirmium (and intervening area, RP
                                                                                Pannonia II, YU). *{12-5}*  By East Goths.

900 569   504 #     N Gepidae         G {Sirmium (and intervening area, RP  T
                                        Pannonia II, YU).} *{12-5}*
                                                                                To North Dacia in wooded & mountainous
                                                                                areas, neighbors of W. Goths. (W corner of
                                                                                Ukraine, betw Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros,
                                                                                Tisza & Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H). + Part of
                                                                                Transilvania, R. *{900-567}* (This is (900-
                                                                                568) - (12-5).) Acc/to (12-7). Displaced
                                                                                by Ostrogoths.

900 570   504 600   A Gepidae         G {North Dacia in wooded &            L
                                        mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                        Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                        Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros, Tisza &
                                        Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H). + Part of
                                        Transilvania, R} *{900-567}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-569) & (18-5).

124   7   504 #     N Ostrogoths      G Pannonia II RP later Sirmia &       C
                                        Slavonia. Betw. Danube, Drave &
                                        Save RR.
                                                                                From I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia, Tuscany,
                                                                                the so-called Marks, especially the
                                                                                fortress of Osimo S of Ancona, Dalmatia.
                                                                                Not in Alps or Lower Italy.) *{11-82}*
                                                                                Note: This is Pannonia II, even though
                                                                                ref. calls this their ancient homeland.
                                                                                Our earlier sources (110-67) placed them
                                                                                in Pannonia I.

900 497   504 552   N Ostrogoths      G {Pannonia II RP later Sirmia &      L
                                        Slavonia. Betw. Danube, Drave &
                                        Save RR.} *{124-7}*
                                                                                For consistency with (124-7). End date
                                                                                problematical. Ref 1 says that Gepids
                                                                                reconquered area in 536, but some Goths
                                                                                must have stayed & become assimilated.

166  18   507 #     N Franks          G Tolosanic Empire (around)           C
                                        Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees.
                                                                                From betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria (Toxandria
                                                                                = Teisterbant area (in Dutch).) It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders. + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg,
                                                                                & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR. + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg,
                                                                                Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel,
                                                                                CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders:
                                                                                W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller
                                                                                & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and
                                                                                Wetterau. + more comment; see long record.
                                                                                *{900-581}*
900 582   507 531   N Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        Toxandria
                                        = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It       For consistency with (166-18) & (900-583).
                                        is the drainage area of the
                                        Drommel R in N Brabant, extending
                                        E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet
                                        of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                        into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR
                                        + Alsace & Palatinate. +
                                        Luxembourg,
                                        & along Mosel R into Rheinland-
                                        Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. +
                                        Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman
                                        Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms
                                        Rheingau, Aschaffenburg,
                                        Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, +
                                        Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse
                                        R area, just
                                        W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. +
                                        other areas}. See long record.
                                        *{900-581} + {166-18}*

900 504   507 #     N Visigoths       G E less Galicia                      M
                                                                                From the Pyrenees to Loire R, from
                                                                                Atlantic Ocean to Rhone R & from E of that
                                                                                R in the region reaching just to the Alps,
                                                                                comprising that area between the Durance
                                                                                and the Mediterranean Sea. *{17-45}*
                                                                                Acc/to (11-74), (53-46), (167-13).
                                                                                Exception of Galicia to conform to (11-
                                                                                75). Acc/to (11-74), by middle of 6th C
                                                                                Gothic language died out. 70-80K Visigoths
                                                                                entered E.

 12  28   508 512   A E. Heruli       G Dacia Ripensis RP                   Q
                                                                                Parts of E. Eruli, beaten by Lombards,
                                                                                mistreated by Gepids, resettled by Romans.
                                                                                They provided many mercenaries for the
                                                                                Roman armies. From S Moravia & Lower A W
                                                                                of March R up to Vienna. Also betw March
                                                                                and Eipel (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia;
                                                                                acc/to ref (12-26)). *{1-37}*

 30   6   508 #     A E. Heruli       G Vaestergoetland                     Q
                                                                                From S Moravia & Lower A W of March R up
                                                                                to Vienna. Also betw March and Eipel
                                                                                (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia; acc/to ref (12-
                                                                                26)). *{1-37}* Start date acc/to several
                                                                                other sources (e.g. (133-31)). Ref (133-
                                                                                31) says they were the majority of
                                                                                the E. Heruli.

133  32   508 #     N E. Heruli       G Moesia Inferior RP                  Q
                                                                                Part of people. From S Moravia & Lower A W
                                                                                of March R up to Vienna. Also betw March
                                                                                and Eipel (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia; acc/to
                                                                                ref (12-26)). *{1-37}*

148  10   508 510   N E. Heruli       G Tisza R area                        Q
                                                                                From S Moravia & Lower A W of March R up
                                                                                to Vienna. Also betw March and Eipel
                                                                                (Ipel) RR (in Slovakia; acc/to ref (12-
                                                                                26)). *{1-37}* Join Gepidae.

133  33   508 #     N Lombards        G L A (E Weinviertel) & S Morava &    E
                                        both sides of March R up to Danube
                                        R.
                                                                                From Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube R,
                                                                                between Vienna Woods and Enns R. *{7-12}*
                                                                                Displaced the Heruli.

900 517   508 526   N Lombards        G {Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube    L
                                        R, between Vienna Woods and Enns
                                        R.} + {L A (E Weinviertel) & S
                                        Morava & both sides of March R up
                                        to Danube R.} *{7-12} + {133-33}*
                                                                                For consistency with (133-33) & (5-15).

900 563   512 550   A E. Heruli       G {Dacia Ripensis RP} *{12-28}*       L
                                                                                For consistency with (12-28) & (12-30).

 40 114   525 602   N Antes           S Thracia & Moesia inf RP (The newly  A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22.).
                                                                                From the Lower Bug R (the one emptying
                                                                                into Black Sea). + From Desna R mouth &
                                                                                upper Donets R to upper Sluc & Goryn RR
                                                                                (near Rovno) & middle Dnestr R centered on
                                                                                middle Dnepr R. + W bank Dnestr R. *{900-
                                                                                45}*

  3   1   525 #     A Avars           M N of Caucasus Mts                   M
                                                                                Pushed there from C Asia by expansion of
                                                                                Turcic state.

900  80   525 558   A Avars           M Mouth of Danube R 'Scythian         Q
                                        Lands', + Black Sea N shore, W
                                        area, W of Dnepr R.
                                                                                Acc/to (3-3), (7-7). From W part of S
                                                                                Russian steppes. *{169-47}*

900  86   525 850   A Avars           M {N of Caucasus Mts} *{3-1}*         L
                                                                                Amalgamated with surrounding peoples.

901 223   525 552   N Avars           M {Mouth of Danube R 'Scythian        L
                                        Lands', + Black Sea N shore, W
                                        area, W of Dnepr R.} *{901-80}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-80) and (900-81).

900 711   525 550   A Vojniti         S Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along     M
                                        Upper Vardar R betw Tetovo &
                                        Gostivar) YU.
                                                                                Dates to allow for (51-125). Migration to
                                                                                conform to other Macedonian tribes. From
                                                                                Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs) (ref
                                                                                (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

 51 125   525 978   A Vojniti         S {Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along    L
                                        Upper Vardar R betw Tetovo &
                                        Gostivar) YU.} *{900-711}*
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs. Start
                                                                                date for consistency with (900-711). End
                                                                                date is forming of Macedonian State (51-
                                                                                138).

  5  15   526 #     N Lombards        G Pannonia S & W of Danube R within   M
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria. (See
                                        map in ref 124, following p.31.)
                                                                                From Rugiland = Lower A, N of Danube R,
                                                                                between Vienna Woods and Enns R. + L A (E
                                                                                Weinviertel) & S Morava & both sides of
                                                                                March R up to Danube R. *{900-517}*

900 518   526 546   N Lombards        G {Pannonia S & W of Danube R within  L
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria. (See
                                        map in ref 124, following p.31.)}
                                        *{5-15}*
                                                                                For consistency with (133-38).

234  59   527 531   N Byzantines      H Ancient city of Bosporus (= modern  C
                                        Kerch or Kerc in the Crimean).
                                        Went by sea.
                                                                                From Byzantium.

196   7   530 540   A Germanics       G Raetia II RP (mainly into Danube R  Q
                                        knee, & Muenchener Platte).
                                                                                Elbe Germanics (comprises Lombards,
                                                                                Semnones, Hermunduri, Marcomanni & Quadi)
                                                                                from Bohemia. Also see ref (10-8).

900 583   531 541   N Franks          G {Thuringian Empire} + {SE F up to   C
                                        Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I)} +
                                        {Sapaudia (corresponds to French
                                        speaking part of modern CH & S
                                        Empire stretched from S Champagne
                                        to the Durance and the Maritime
                                        Alps.} + {Provence} + {Bayuvar
                                        Empire}
                                        + {Narbonne, Pamplona} *{12-174} +      From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                        {192-18} + {11-108}* * + {11-112}       Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                        + {12-157} * * + {232-31} *             including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                Meuse R area, just
                                                                                W of Mosel R, + more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-582}*
900 584   531 709   N Franks          G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR +     L
                                        Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R
                                        + Xanthen including areas to the
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw.
                                        Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria
                                        (=Teisterbant
                                        area in Dutch). Drainage area of        For consistency with (900-583) & (11-119).
                                        Drom- mel R in N Brabant, ext E to
                                        Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde
                                        R + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders
                                        + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace &
                                        Palatinate +Luxembourg, & along
                                        Mosel R into Rheinland-
                                        Pfalz,Hunsruek,Saarland
                                        + Between Seine & Loire RR +
                                        Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate,
                                        Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg,
                                        Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, +
                                        Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse
                                        R area, just W of Mosel R, around
                                        Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine
                                        R, S
                                        is L Constance, E is Iller &
                                        Danube RR. N of Main R, the
                                        Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze,
                                        betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille
                                        R, Moselle Region, E F. + more
                                        areas. See long record. *{900-
                                        582} + {900-583}*

 12 106   531 #     N Saxons          G Part of Thuringia area between      Q
                                        Ohre, Elbe, Saale, Unstrut, Helme
                                        & Ocker RR. (Saxons settled more
                                        densely into area betw Bode R,
                                        Harz Mt & Saale R.)
                                                                                From Holstein, also on 3 islands at mouth
                                                                                of Elbe R. + Lower Saxony, W Mecklenburg,
                                                                                & other areas (area shown in Abb 1 less
                                                                                Holstein, also on 3 islands at mouth of
                                                                                Elbe R). *{900-605}* These are Eastern
                                                                                Saxons from Holstein and the Frankish
                                                                                Empire.

900 610   531 568   N Saxons          G {Part of Thuringia area between     L
                                        Ohre, Elbe, Saale, Unstrut, Helme
                                        & Ocker RR. (Saxons settled more
                                        densely into area betw Bode R,
                                        Harz Mt & Saale R.)} *{12-106}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-106) & (900-611).

 40 115   531 550   N Sclavini        S Thracia & Moesia inf RP (The newly  A
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, Fig 22).
                                                                                Record obtained from chronology of ref 40.
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E Valachia, coastal
                                                                                Moldavia, ROM). *{900-670}*

900 502   531 #     N Visigoths       G {Narbonnensis RP} (See map p.34,    T
                                        Putzger.) - {Septimania (See map
                                        I, p.39, Putzger.) (This is a
                                        subset of Narbonnensis.)} *{900-
                                        499} - {900-500}*
                                                                                By implication acc/to reference sources
                                                                                for (900-499) and (900-500). To Septimania
                                                                                (see map I, p. 39, Putzger.) (This is a
                                                                                subset of Narbonensis.) *{900-500}*

900 500   531 726   N Visigoths       G Septimania (See map I, p.39,        L
                                        Putzger.) (This is a subset of
                                        Narbonnensis.)
                                                                                Conquered by Moors. See Ploetz p. 456.

 12 154   533 565   N Bayuvars        G S Bavaria, bounded in W by Lech R,  E
                                        in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                        plus area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense thin RP same as
                                                                                Upper A, W of Enns R. *{12-152}* Romanized
                                                                                pop in these areas was assimilated by
                                                                                Bayuvars.

900 540   533 565   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R.} + {S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.}
                                        *{12-152} +
                                        {12-154}*                               For consistency with (12-154) and (12-155).

321   2   533 534   A Byzantines      H N Africa, near Carthage             C
                                                                                From Byzantium.

166  16   534 550   A Burgundians     G {Basin of Rhone R up to the         I
                                        Durance in S, to the Saone V, in
                                        CH up to the Aar R, in the
                                        Bourgogne, reaching NW to the
                                        Auxerrois, the Senonais, the
                                        Troesin, & in W the Cevennes. (See
                                        also map 37-I in Putzger.)} *{17-
                                        46}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (17-46). By local
                                                                                population.

 11 124   535 553   N Byzantines      H I, Ostrogothic Kingdom              C
                                                                                From Byzantium.

  2  29   538 #     N Franks          G Milan, Venetia                      A
                                                                                From Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper
                                                                                Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen
                                                                                including areas to the right of the Rhine
                                                                                R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, &
                                                                                the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr
                                                                                & Lippe RR + Toxandria =
                                                                                Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the
                                                                                drainage area of the Drommel R in N
                                                                                Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W
                                                                                to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria
                                                                                into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR +
                                                                                Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, &
                                                                                along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,
                                                                                Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine &
                                                                                Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace,
                                                                                Palatinate, Worms, Rheingau,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of
                                                                                Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH +
                                                                                more comment; see long
                                                                                record list. *{900-582}*

234  61   539 #     N Kutriguri       T Illyricum to Adriatic littoral      A
                                                                                From Sea of Azov, W shore Sea of Azov up
                                                                                to Don R & Black Sea shore of part of
                                                                                Crimea. *{7-5}*

 40 118   540 545   N Lombards        G Thracia & Moesia inf RP The newly   R
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, Fig 22.
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria. (See map in ref
                                                                                124, following p.31.) *{900-518}* Smaller
                                                                                part of population only. This is the only
                                                                                reference to this event.

900 621   540 #     A Svear           G Vaestergoetland, Oestergoetland, &  
                                        Goetland.
                                                                                Date acc/to (30-7), (30-8). Attack implied
                                                                                by (205-7). From Shores & islands of L
                                                                                Maelar (C S). + Additional areas of C S,
                                                                                adjacent part of N S. *{900-619}*

 12  92   540 #     A Varini          G S England                           Q
                                                                                Part of Varini fleeing (12-89) from
                                                                                conquest of their kingdom by Frankish King
                                                                                Theudebert.

 12  96   540 #     A Varini          G Betw. Saale & Mulde RR              Q
                                                                                From Dutch coast. *{12-89}*

148  13   540 594   N Varini          G Lower Saale & Mulde RR              L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (12-96).
                                                                                Ref 12 says they form Thuringians together
                                                                                with Hermunduri, but (33-11) has them
                                                                                destroyed in 594 AD by the Franks.

900 600   541 600   A Rugii           G {I (Modern Lombardy, Venetia,       L
                                        Tuscany, the so-called Marks,
                                        especially the fortress of Osimo S
                                        of Ancona, Dalmatia. Not in Alps
                                        or Lower Italy.)} *{1-44}*
                                                                                Acc/to (12-22).

133  38   546 #     N Lombards        G S parts of RPP Pannonia I &         E
                                        Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia II RP
                                        (exc. Sirmium) (see map ref 124,
                                        following p. 31)
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria. (See map in ref
                                                                                124, following p.31.) *{900-518}*

900 519   546 568   N Lombards        G {Pannonia S & W of Danube R within  L
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria.} + {S
                                        parts of RPP Pannonia I & Pannonia
                                        Valeria, Pannonia II RP (exc.
                                        Sirmium)} (see map ref
                                        124,following p. 31) *{5-15} +
                                        {133-38}*
                                                                                For consistency with (133-18) and (10-5).

124  20   548 #     N Slavs           S Durrachium (Durazzo)                A
                                                                                From area between Lower Danube and Dnestr
                                                                                RR. Confirmed by Vana: The World of
                                                                                Ancient Slavs, p.38.

 32  25   550 #     A Antes           S Moldavia, Bessarabia                E
                                                                                From the W bank Dnestr R.

142   1   550 #     A Antes           S Betw Dnepr & Don RR                 E
                                                                                From the Lower Bug R (the one emptying
                                                                                into Black Sea). + From Desna R mouth &
                                                                                upper Donets R to upper Sluc & Goryn RR
                                                                                (near Rovno) & middle Dnestr R centered on
                                                                                middle Dnepr R. + W bank Dnestr R. *{900-
                                                                                45}*

 31  11   550 568   N Antes           S Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                Pulled along by Avars from Romania. From
                                                                                the Lower Bug R (the one emptying into
                                                                                Black Sea). + From Desna R mouth & upper
                                                                                Donets R to upper Sluc & Goryn RR (near
                                                                                Rovno) & middle Dnestr R centered on
                                                                                middle Dnepr R. + W bank Dnestr R.
                                                                                *{900-45}*

900  46   550 800   A Antes           S {Lower Bug R (the one emptying      L
                                        into Black Sea). + From Desna R
                                        mouth & upper Donets R to upper
                                        Sluc & Goryn RR (near Rovno) &
                                        middle Dnestr R centered on middle
                                        Dnepr R. + W bank Dnestr R.} +
                                        {Moldavia, Bessarabia} + {Betw
                                        Dnepr & Don
                                        RR} + {Pannonia} *{900-45} + {32-
                                        25} + {142-1}* * + {31-11}*

900 374   550 680   A Bulgars         T S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts  L
                                        of Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban
                                        R) up to the Dnepr.)
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz p.372, amalgamated there
                                                                                from Saraguri, Oguri & Onoguri with rests
                                                                                of Huns after Attila's death. Origin of
                                                                                these populations from the East.

 32  32   550 #     A Croats          S Galicia                             M
                                                                                From Sea of Azov. *{32-31}* (This is E
                                                                                Galicia, NE slopes of Carpathians, acc/to
                                                                                (234-166), but source 51 (p.32 of
                                                                                translation) identifies it as Lesser
                                                                                Poland, which is W Galicia around Cracow.
                                                                                We have left it as plain Galicia comprising
                                                                                W & E.)

900 686   550 900   N Croats          S {Galicia} *{32-32}*                 L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (32-32). End date
                                                                                acc/to (234-166), but probably stayed
                                                                                distinct longer. Need further evidence.
                                                                                (This is E Galicia, NE slopes of
                                                                                Carpathians, acc/to (234-166), but source
                                                                                51 (p.32 of translation) identifies it
                                                                                as Lesser Poland, which is W Galicia
                                                                                around Cracow. We have left it as plain
                                                                                Galicia comprising W & E.) These are known
                                                                                as the White Croats.

 51  92   550 650   A Duljebi         S Slovenia: betw Mur R & L Balaton;   Q
                                        Slovakia (called Dulebska);
                                        Moravia; S Bohemia betw Vltava &
                                        Luznica RR; Luznica RR; Pannonia
                                        betw Raab & Mur RR; Carantania;
                                        Danube R source; Epirus; Serbia
                                        (Novog Pazara); Bosnia (Bosanskoj
                                        Krajna area
                                        (Duluba V)); Dalmatia.                  From W Volhynia. *{234-77}* Accompanied
                                                                                (or were resettled by) Avars. This tribe
                                                                                became widely scattered in separate
                                                                                locations. Acc/to (33-14), were part of
                                                                                the Antes. Names of these tribes
                                                                                (Duljeben, White Croats, Kasegen, White
                                                                                Serbs)
                                                                                have Alanic roots and thus these Antes may
                                                                                be a mixture of Slavs & foreign conquerors.

900 752   550 900   A Duljebi         S {Slovenia: betw Mur R & L Balaton;  L
                                        Slovakia (called Dulebska);
                                        Moravia; S Bohemia betw Vltava &
                                        Luznica RR; Luznica RR; Pannonia
                                        betw Raab & Mur RR; Carantania;
                                        Danube R source; Epirus; Serbia
                                        (Novog Pazara); Bosnia (Bosanskoj
                                        Krajna
                                        area (Duluba V)); Dalmatia.} *{51-      End date is guess partly based on (234-
                                        92}*                                    165). About this time the Duljebi, in
                                                                                their various scattered locations must
                                                                                have been assimilated by the respective
                                                                                surrounding Slavic groups.

 12  30   550 #     A E. Heruli       G Brenner Pass (Tyrol, A)             R
                                                                                From Dacia Ripensis RP *{12-28}*

194  21   550 600   A Jutes           G NL & Gaul                           A
                                                                                From area in Jutland N of Barvithsysael
                                                                                district. *{12-87}*

 38  18   550 650   A Lettigallians   B N Latvia                            E
                                                                                From the area S of Gauja R, incl. Latgale
                                                                                region, C & W Latvia. *{364-3}*

900 112   550 1000  A Lettigallians   B {N Latvia} - {Area S of Gauja R,    L
                                        incl Latgale region, C & W
                                        Latvia.} *{38-18} - {364-3}*
                                                                                Acc/to (38-18).

196  11   550 700   A Romanics        I Raetia II RP                        I
                                                                                By Bayuvars.

 11 148   550 700   A Romano-British  I England                             I
                                                                                By Anglo-Saxons.

 31  32   550 600   N Sabiri          T N of Caucasus & Caspian             I
                                                                                Some Sabiri amalgamated with Bulgars to
                                                                                form Khazars.

194   2   550 600   A Saxons          G NE NL & Gaul (coastal areas)        N
                                                                                From Holstein also on 3 islands at mouth
                                                                                of Elbe R. + Lower Saxony, W Mecklenburg,
                                                                                & other areas (area shown in Abb 1 less
                                                                                Holstein, also on 3 islands at mouth of
                                                                                Elbe R). *{900-605}*

194   9   550 570   A Saxons          G Loire R mouth, F                    S
                                                                                From area betw Rhine, Berkel & Ijssel RR
                                                                                in SE NL. *{900-609}*

  4   3   550 #     A Slavs           S Lower A probably up to Enns R.      Q
                                                                                From H.

  4   7   550 1000  A Slavs           S {Lower A probably up to Enns R.}    L
                                        *{4-3}*
                                                                                Location confirmed by Vana: The World of
                                                                                Ancient Slavs, p.69. Acc/to (133-56),
                                                                                assimilated to Avars. Upper classes
                                                                                assumed Avar way, serfs were Slavic in
                                                                                culture. Eventually Avars were more Slavic
                                                                                than any other ethnic component.

202   8   550 #     A Swedes          G Aland Is                            S
                                                                                From S. Presumably been there ever since.
                                                                                Still G speaking today.

901 204   550 1970  A Swedes          G {Aland Is} *{202-8}*                L

900  81   552 568   N Avars           M Danube nr Thracia & Moesia inf RP.  M
                                        The newly reorganized (284-305)
                                        Diocese Thracia. See ref 40, fig
                                        22. + Upper Dnestr R. + Pannonia.
                                        The area occupied by the Gepids.
                                        Did not settle S of line Pecs-
                                        Keszthely-Szombathely. + W
                                        Volhynia.
                                        + Carpathian basin, Pannonia & the      Acc/to (40-116), (33-13), (7-15), (234-
                                        Gepid area between Save R & Drave       78), (3-5). From mouth of Danube R
                                        R.                                      'Scythian Lands' + Black Sea N shore, W
                                                                                area, W of Dnepr R. *{900-80}*

900  82   552 630   N Avars           M {Mouth of Danube R 'Scythian        L
                                        Lands'. + Black Sea N shore, W
                                        area, W of Dnepr R.} + {Danube nr
                                        Thracia & Moesia inf RP. The newly
                                        reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                        Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22. +
                                        Upper Dnestr R. + Pannonia. The
                                        area occupied
                                        by the Gepids. Did not settle S of      Left Dioc. Thracia & Dalmatia acc/to (33-
                                        line Pecs-Keszthely-Szombathely. +      24).
                                        W Volhynia. + Carpathian basin,
                                        Pannonia & the Gepid area between
                                        Save R & Drave R.} *{900-80} +
                                        {900-81}*

 31  13   552 568   N Huns            M Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                Pulled along by Avars from Pontic area (N
                                                                                shore Black Sea). Mixed population
                                                                                sometimes called Huns, sometimes Bulgars.

 31  17   552 796   N Huns            M Pannonia                            I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Avars.

900 366   552 800   A Huns            M {S Russian steppes} *{31-1}*        I
                                                                                Amalgamated with surrounding Turcic tribes
                                                                                (Onoguri, Oguri, Saraguri, Sabiri) to form
                                                                                Bulgars.

 31  12   552 568   N Sclavini        S Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                Pulled along by Avars from Lower Danube R
                                                                                (E Valachia, coastal Moldavia, ROM). *{900-
                                                                                671}* Called Sclavones in ref.

900 673   552 650   A Sclavini        S {Pannonia} *{31-12}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (31-12) & (31-16). To
                                                                                permit settlement before amalgamation.

900 203   554 #     N Byzantines      H {Mediterranean & Atlantic shores    C
                                        of Iberian Peninsula from E coast
                                        to Algarve.} *{53-48}*
                                                                                From Carthage (acc/to ref 321, p.99).

 53  48   554 628   A Byzantines      H Mediterranean & Atlantic shores of  L
                                        Iberian Peninsula from E coast to
                                        Algarve.

194   5   555 556   N Saxons          G Deutz nr Cologne                    A
                                                                                From Part of Thuringia area between Ohre,
                                                                                Elbe, Saale,Unstrut, Helme & Ocker RR.
                                                                                (Saxons settled more densely into area
                                                                                betw Bode R, Harz Mt & & Saale R.) *{900-
                                                                                610}* With Thuringians.

234  64   558 559   N Bulgars         T Thrace & Macedonia                  A
                                                                                From S Russia (Pontic steppes nr coasts of
                                                                                Sea of Azov (or even the Kuban R) up to
                                                                                the Dnepr.) *{900-374}* With Slavs (see
                                                                                (234-65)).

234  65   558 559   N Slavs           S Thrace & Macedonia                  A
                                                                                With Bulgars (234-64). Probably from
                                                                                Dobrugea.

129  39   560 #     N Avars           M S Russia (Volga R to Lower Danube). C
                                                                                From the mouth of Danube R 'Scythian
                                                                                Lands', + Black Sea N shore, W area, W of
                                                                                Dnepr R. *{900-80}*

234  67   560 #     N Avars           M Taman Peninsula (extends from N of  C
                                        Caucasus to meet E tip of Crimea).
                                                                                From the mouth of Danube R 'Scythian
                                                                                Lands', + Black Sea N shore, W area, W of
                                                                                Dnepr R. *{900-80}*

900  88   560 850   N Avars           M {S Russia (Volga R to Lower         L
                                        Danube).} *{129-39}*
                                                                                Amalgamated with surrounding peoples.

900  89   560 850   N Avars           M {Taman Peninsula (extends from N    L
                                        of Caucasus to meet E tip of
                                        Crimea).} *{234-67}*
                                                                                Amalgamated with surrounding peoples.

  3   4   562 566   N Avars           M Frankish Empire                     A
                                                                                From Pannonia.

 12 155   565 600   N Bayuvars        G Upper Eisack (Isarco) R, Rienz      E
                                        (Rienza) R, Upper Drave (Drau) R,
                                        and Bolzano area (N I)
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus area N of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. *{900-540}*
                                                                                Includes information acc/to (12-156).

900 541   565 600   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R. + S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR.}
                                        + {Upper Eisack
                                        (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R,           For consistency with (12-155) and (196-9).
                                        Upper Drave (Drau) R, and Bolzano
                                        area (N I)} *{900-540} + {12-155}*

325   1   565 628   A Byzantines      H N coast Africa, Egypt, nr East,     L
                                        TR, GR, BG, YU, NE I, C I incl
                                        Rome, area around Naples, SW I, S
                                        coast I, Balearic Islands,
                                        Sardina, Corsica, Crete, Cyprus.
                                                                                Extent of Byzantine Empire after
                                                                                Justinian. (Also acc/to Putzger-Lendl-
                                                                                Wagner.)

  5  16   565 #     N Lombards        G Sirmium                             A
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria. + S parts of RPP
                                                                                Pannonia I & Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia II
                                                                                RP (exc. Sirmium) (see map ref 124,
                                                                                following p. 31). *{900-519}*

234  76   567 #     N Duljebi         S Upper Tisza R                       R
                                                                                By Avars. From W Volhynia. *{234-77}*

 32  28   568 #     N Acarag-Antes    R I                                   M
                                                                                Accompanying Lombards. From Middle Danube
                                                                                R + Illyricum (Roman Region). *{32-12} +
                                                                                {32-19}*

 32  29   568 #     N Antes           S I                                   Q
                                                                                From Pannonia. Accompanying Lombards (that
                                                                                part of Antes subject to Lombards, called
                                                                                Limig-Antes).

 31  15   568 796   N Antes           S Pannonia                            I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Avars.

133  51   568 #     N Gepidae         G N I                                 Q
                                                                                From North Dacia in wooded & mountainous
                                                                                areas, neighbors of W. Goths. (W corner of
                                                                                Ukraine, betw Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros,
                                                                                Tisza & Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H). + Part of
                                                                                Transilvania, R. *{900-567}* Accompanied
                                                                                Lombards after defeat by Avars.

 10   5   568 #     N Lombards        G N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)   Q
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)
                                                                                From Pannonia S & W of Danube R within RP
                                                                                Pannonia I and Valeria + S parts of RPP
                                                                                Pannonia I & Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia II
                                                                                RP (exc. Sirmium) (see map ref 124,
                                                                                following p. 31). *{900-519}* Accompanied
                                                                                by Pannonians, Noricans, Suebi,

                                                                                Gepidae, Thuringians, Sarmatians, &
                                                                                Saxons. They moved along the highway
                                                                                Laibach-Haidenschaft-Goerz (Ljubljana-
                                                                                Aidovscina?-Gorizia) through the
                                                                                Birnbaumerwald (woods) & toward the Isonzo
                                                                                R valley & Cividale. Majority of Lombards
                                                                                left
                                                                                Pannonia.

 18   6   568 800   A Lombards        G {Pannonia S & W of Danube R within  I
                                        RP Pannonia I and Valeria.} + {S
                                        parts of RPP Pannonia I & Pannonia
                                        Valeria, Pannonia II RP (exc.
                                        Sirmium)} *{900-519}* (see map ref
                                        124,following p. 31)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (10-5). Part of
                                                                                tribe that remained; assimilated with Avar
                                                                                mixture.

900 520   568 800   A Lombards        G {N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)  L
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)} *{10-
                                        5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (10-5) & (9-26).

133  23   568 #     N Quadi           G {N I (E Venetia & Friaul (Friulia)  Q
                                        and the Venetian plain, occupying
                                        Milan with capital at Pavia)} *{10-
                                        5}*
                                                                                From Transdanubia. *{133-22}* Location
                                                                                detail acc/to (10-5). With Lombards.

133  50   568 #     N Romanics        I N I                                 Q
                                                                                From Nr L Balaton, E of L Balaton up to Co
                                                                                Fejer & between L Balaton & Drave R. *{124-
                                                                                14}* Accompanied Lombards.

 31  14   568 796   N Romanics        I Pannonia                            I
                                                                                Amalgamated with Avars.

133  48   568 #     N Sarmatians      R N I                                 Q
                                                                                Rests of the population; accompanying the
                                                                                Lombards. From Alfoeld (between Danube &
                                                                                Tisza RR.) *{900-240}*

900 611   568 573   A Saxons          G N I & Gaul                          W
                                                                                From Part of Thuringia area between Ohre,
                                                                                Elbe, Saale, Unstrut, Helme & Ocker RR.
                                                                                (Saxons settled more densely into area
                                                                                betw Bode R, Harz Mt & & Saale R.) *{900-
                                                                                610}* End date acc/to (194-6). Moved to
                                                                                Italy but returned from on way,
                                                                                had to battle to regain their homes which
                                                                                had been occupied by N Suebians. They lost
                                                                                20K men in this battle and were limited to
                                                                                a smaller area thereafter.

 33  10   568 #     N Suebi           G Left bank of Elbe R (W of {Elbe-    Q
                                        Havel RR area bounded by Elbe R in
                                        W and in S by Hermunduri tribal
                                        area (Middle Oder R area). E
                                        border Burgundians, separated by
                                        Spree or Havel RR. (900-538)} )
                                                                                From Elbe-Havel RR area bounded by Elbe R
                                                                                in W and in S by Hermunduri tribal area
                                                                                (Middle Oder R area). E border
                                                                                Burgundians, separated by Spree or Havel
                                                                                RR. *{900-538}*

358   7   570 580   A Lombards        G Spoleto & Benevento, C & S I        C
                                                                                From Pavia (confirmed in ref 198 & Ploetz
                                                                                p. 356, whose dates we use).

234  72   572 #     N Turcics         T N Caucasian area                    C
                                                                                From Turkestan.

900 410   572 700   A Turcics         T {N Caucasian area} *{234-72}*       L
                                                                                For consistency with (234-72). End date is
                                                                                guess only.

900 612   573 #     N Saxons          G Betw Bode R, Harz Mt & Saale R      Q
                                                                                After (900-611). Moved to Italy but
                                                                                returned from on way, had to battle to
                                                                                regain their homes which had been occupied
                                                                                by N Suebians. They lost 20K men in this
                                                                                battle and were limited to a smaller area
                                                                                thereafter.

900 613   573 1000  N Saxons          G {Betw Bode R, Haig Mt & Saale R}    L
                                        *{900-612}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-612). End date
                                                                                time after Frankish conquest during
                                                                                formation of German nation.

 51 129   575 625   A Brsjaci         S Betw Crna & Treska RR betw LL       M
                                        Ohrid & Prespan, & in N up to
                                        Titov Veles & Kiceva (Kicevo), YU
                                        Macedonia.
                                                                                From NE (probably Valachia).

900 706   575 978   A Brsjaci         S {Betw Crna & Treska RR betw LL      L
                                        Ohrid & Prespan, & in N up to
                                        Titov Veles & Kiceva (Kicevo), YU
                                        Macedonia.} *{51-129}
                                                                                For consistency with (51-129). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

 51 119   575 625   A Draguviti       S W of area settled by Sagudati (51-  M
                                        120) which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia, Veria).
                                                                                (Syn. Dragoviti (51-119), Dragovici (51-
                                                                                69)). From Lower Danube R (E branch of S.
                                                                                Slavs) (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 704   575 978   A Draguviti       S {W of area settled by Sagudati (51- L
                                        120) which is Vardar RV betw
                                        Saloniki & Vereja (Veroia,
                                        Veria).} *{51-119}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-119). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

 51 122   575 625   A Rinhini         S E of Saloniki toward Struma R &     M
                                        Chalcidike, GR.
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs)
                                                                                (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 710   575 978   A Rinhini         S {E of Saloniki toward Struma R &    L
                                        Chalcidike, GR.} *{51-122}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-122). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

 51 120   575 625   A Sagudati        S Vardar RV betw Saloniki & Vereja    M
                                        (Veroia, Veria).
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs)
                                                                                (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 705   575 978   A Sagudati        S {Vardar RV betw Saloniki & Vereja   L
                                        (Veroia, Veria).} *{51-120}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-120). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

  7  18   575 700   A Slavs           S Carantania which is the valley of   Q
                                        the Drau (Drave) R in A up to
                                        Lienz, and up to the Traungau.
                                                                                From Pannonia.

 51  58   575 625   A Slavs           S Vojvodina in YU                     L
                                                                                8K Slav prisoners from there were reported
                                                                                by Byzantines. Dates are conservative
                                                                                brackets around the event.

 51 124   575 625   A Smoljani        S Mesta R area in Rodope Mts (BG & N  M
                                        GR).
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs)
                                                                                (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 708   575 978   A Smoljani        S {Mesta R area in Rodope Mts (BG &   L
                                        N GR).} *{51-124}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-124). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

 51 123   575 625   A Strumljani      S Struma R area (BG & N GR).          M
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs)
                                                                                (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 709   575 978   A Strumljani      S {Struma R area (BG & N GR).} *{51-  L
                                        123}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-123). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

 51 121   575 625   A Velegeziti      S Around Teba (Thebae Phthiae) and    M
                                        Demetrias (ancient towns,
                                        Demetrias is modern Volos (Bolos)
                                        on Gulf of Volos (Pagasitikos
                                        Kolpos)) GR. (See map 7/8 in
                                        Putzger.)
                                                                                From Lower Danube R (E branch of S. Slavs)
                                                                                (ref (51-63) to ref (51-64)).

900 707   575 978   A Velegeziti      S {Around Teba (Thebae Phthiae) and   L
                                        Demetrias (ancient towns,
                                        Demetrias is modern Volos (Bolos)
                                        on Gulf of Volos (Pagasitikos
                                        Kolpos)) GR. (See map 7/8 in
                                        Putzger.)} *{51-121}*
                                                                                For consistency with (51-121). End date
                                                                                forming of Macedonian state (51-138).
                                                                                Eventually formed Macedonian Slavs.

 51 126   575 625   A Vojniti         S W. of Saloniki                      Q
                                                                                From Polog(a) area, Macedonia (along Upper
                                                                                Vardar R betw Tetovo & Gostivar) YU (by
                                                                                inference). *{51-125}*

900 712   575 800   A Vojniti         S {W. of Saloniki} *{51-126}*         L
                                                                                For consistency with (51-126). End date
                                                                                pure guess to allow for (51-127).

234  73   576 #     N Turcics         T Crimea                              A
                                                                                From N Caucasian area. *{234-72}*

  7  17   577 626   N Avars           M Balkans                             A
                                                                                At one time an army of 60K is mentioned
                                                                                (not clear whether warriors or all
                                                                                people). The ethnic mix may be deduced
                                                                                from the report of a Byzantine general
                                                                                (Priskos). In a battle along the Tisza R
                                                                                he captured 3K Avars, 6K other barbarians,
                                                                                8K Slavs. From Pannonia.

143  61   577 #     N Saxons          G Severn RV (GB)                      E
                                                                                From Ilse of Thanet, Coast of Kent, S & C
                                                                                England. *{900-607}*

900 608   577 1100  A Saxons          G {Ilse of Thanet, Coast of Kent, S   L
                                        & C England.} + {Severn RV
                                        (GB)}*{143-60} + {143-61}*
                                                                                For consistency with (143-61). Population
                                                                                continued as Anglo-Saxons.

144   5   578 600   A Avars           M Thrace                              A
                                                                                From Danube nr Thracia & Moesia inf RP.
                                                                                The newly reorganized (284-305) Diocese
                                                                                Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22. + Upper
                                                                                Dnestr R. + Pannonia. The area occupied by
                                                                                the Gepids. Did not settle S of line Pecs-
                                                                                Keszthely-Szombathely. + W Volhynia.
                                                                                + Carpathian basin, Pannonia & the Gepid
                                                                                area between Save R & Drave R. *{900-81}*

900 521   580 800   A Lombards        G {Spoleto & Benevento, C & S I}      L
                                        *{358-7}*
                                                                                Based on evidence of their presence there
                                                                                in Ploetz, pp. 357-358. Start date acc/to
                                                                                (358-7). End date to parallel (900-520).

129  43   582 620   N Avars           M Byzantine Empire                    A
                                                                                From Pannonia.

 11 102   585 650   A Suebi           G {N Galicia (N of Minho-Sil line) +  I
                                        Betw Douro R & Minho-Sil line} +
                                        Lisbon & Coimbra} *{900-537}*
                                                                                By Visigoths. End date is guess.

 11  75   585 #     N Visigoths       G Galicia                             C
                                                                                From Tarraconensis RP, Baetica RP,
                                                                                Lusitania & Carthaginensis RPP. *{232-30}*
                                                                                Conquered kingdom of the Suevi.

900 505   585 726   N Visigoths       G {Galicia} *{11-75}*                 L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (11-75), end date to
                                                                                conform to (232-30).

 33  21   590 #     N Avars           M Valleys of the Alps & Sudeten area. C
                                                                                From Pannonia.

900  90   590 630   N Avars           M {Valleys of the Alps & Sudeten      L
                                        area.} *{33-21}*
                                                                                Left Dalmatia, Sudeten, Alps, & BG (see
                                                                                (33-24).

 33  22   592 #     N Avars           M Betw Tisza & Danube RR              S
                                                                                Retreated from Byzantines into 'ring' in
                                                                                this area. From Danube nr Thracia & Moesia
                                                                                inf RP. The newly reorganized (284-305)
                                                                                Diocese Thracia. See ref 40, fig 22. +
                                                                                Upper Dnestr R. + Pannonia. The area
                                                                                occupied by the Gepids. Did not settle
                                                                                S of line Pecs-Keszthely-Szombathely. + W
                                                                                Volhynia. + Carpathian basin, Pannonia &
                                                                                the Gepid area between Save R & Drave R.
                                                                                *{900-81}*

234  75   597 598   N Avars           M Singidunum (Belgrade), Thrace       A
                                        Macedonia up to Salonika,
                                        Dalmatia, S bank of Danube R to
                                        Lower Moesia & Dobrugea.
                                                                                From area betw Tisza & Danube RR. *{33-22}*

  7  20   598 #     N Oguri           T Pannonia                            Q
                                                                                From Black Sea environs. *{31-4}* 10K of
                                                                                these joined the Avars to escape Turcic
                                                                                tribes in C Asia.

 11 145   600 #     A Angles          G Wessex, Mercia, Deira               E
                                                                                From GB: Norfolk & Suffolk + Along Thames
                                                                                R, nr Dorchester, Croydon, Mucking
                                                                                (Essex), Milton Regis (Kent), E coast:
                                                                                Rickborough, Caistor by Norwich *{900-31}*.

900  35   600 650   A Angles          G {Wessex, Mercia, Deira} + {GB:      L
                                        Norfolk & Suffolk + Along Thames
                                        R, nr Dorchester, Croydon, Mucking
                                        (Essex), Milton Regis (Kent), E
                                        coast: Rickborough, Caistor by
                                        Norwich.} *{11-145} + {900-30}*
                                                                                For consistency with (11-145) + (900-30).

900  83   600 #     A Avars           M S Moravia, Slovak plain also E      C
                                        Lower A.
                                                                                From Pannonia. *Location information from
                                                                                (152-19) and (133-53).*

114  32   600 800   N Avars           M Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs.

114  45   600 900   N Avars           M Croatia                             I
                                                                                By Croats.

900  91   600 850   A Avars           M {S Moravia, Slovak plain also E     L
                                        Lower A.} *{900-83}*
                                                                                Amalgamated with local population.

196   9   600 700   A Bayuvars        G Into Nordgau up to just before      E
                                        Nuremberg, parts of Oberpfalz (see
                                        Westermans Atlas p. 17, G2), &
                                        into Alpine VV
                                                                                From RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper A, W
                                                                                of Enns R. + S Bavaria, bounded in W by
                                                                                Lech R, in S by Kufstein, in N by Danube,
                                                                                plus area between Boehmerwald and Danube R
                                                                                plus Boehmerwald and Danube R plus area N
                                                                                of Danube betw Lower Altmuehl
                                                                                and Regen RR. + Upper Eisack (Isarco) R,
                                                                                Rienz (Rienza) R, Upper Drave (Drau) R,
                                                                                and Bolzano area (N I). *{900-541}*

900 542   600 700   A Bayuvars        G {RP Noricum Ripense same as Upper   L
                                        A, W of Enns R. + S Bavaria,
                                        bounded in W by Lech R, in S by
                                        Kufstein, in N by Danube, plus
                                        area between Boehmerwald and
                                        Danube R plus area N of Danube
                                        betw Lower Altmuehl and Regen RR +
                                        Upper Eisack
                                        (Isarco) R, Rienz (Rienza) R,           For consistency with (196-9) and (196-10).
                                        Upper Drave (Drau) R, and Bolzano
                                        area (N I)} + {Into Nordgau up to
                                        just before Nuremberg, parts of
                                        Oberpfalz (see Westermans Atlas p.
                                        17, G2), & into Alpine VV} *{900-
                                        541} + {196-9}*

114  36   600 800   N Byzantines      H Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs. Dates not firm. May be a bit
                                                                                early.

114  33   600 800   N Daco-Romans     I Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs. Not all must have assimilated
                                                                                then. There is another mention in (114-1)
                                                                                of later assimilations. Some small
                                                                                population islands remain even today.

101   1   600 800   A Daleminci       S Mark Meissen in Saxony betw Elbe R  M
                                        & Freiberger Mulde R.
                                                                                (Syn. Lommatzsch, Glomaci). From Dalmatia
                                                                                acc/to etymological argument by author.
                                                                                Called by name of larger group- Sorbs by
                                                                                12th C.

900 678   600 1200  A Daleminci       S {Mark Meissen in Saxony betw Elbe   L
                                        R & Freiberger Mulde R.} *{101-1}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (101-1). End date when
                                                                                they became part of Sorbic language group
                                                                                (see comment in (101-1) & ref 148, Abb 3).
                                                                                Date when assimilated by Germanic speakers
                                                                                not found, but no Slavic speakers located
                                                                                there today.

900 328   600 800   A Dardani         Y {SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.  I
                                        (See vertically shaded area,
                                        foldout map from ref 46, end of
                                        book xeroxed).} *{900-327}*
                                                                                By Serbs and Macedonians. Dates acc/to
                                                                                (114-30). (Assimilation also cited in (114-
                                                                                13).)

 18   5   600 900   A Gepidae         G {North Dacia in wooded &            I
                                        mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                        Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                        Uzgorod & Chust.) + Maros, Tisza &
                                        Koerces RR (Alfoeld, H). + Part of
                                        Transilvania, R} *{900-567}*
                                                                                Dates approximate. Part of tribe that
                                                                                remained; assimilated with Avar mixture
                                                                                and later with Magyars.

114  27   600 900   A Germanics       G Pannonian Plain                     I
                                                                                By Slovenes. Check later which tribes were
                                                                                involved.

199   4   600 700   A Germanics       G Area betw Elbe & Oder RR            I
                                                                                By Slavs. (The relatively few that
                                                                                remained.)

114  35   600 800   N Illyrians       Y Serbia                              I
                                                                                By Serbs. (This must be matched up later--
                                                                                during the gens- consistency check--with
                                                                                specific Illyrian tribes extant in this
                                                                                area, and will then serve to provide end
                                                                                dates for the location records of such
                                                                                tribes.)

114  47   600 800   N Illyrians       Y Montenegro                          I
                                                                                By South Slavs (future Montenegrins).
                                                                                (This must be matched up later--during the
                                                                                gens- consistency check--with specific
                                                                                Illyrian tribes extant in this area, and
                                                                                will then serve to provide end dates for
                                                                                the location records of such tribes.)

900 838   600 900   N Jews            E Crimea less Bosporus region (For    E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 38
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Crimean Bosporus region *{900-837}*
                                                                                Dates inferred from De Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 38.

900 890   600 900   A Jews            E Main & Upper Danube RVV (For        E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 38
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Augusta Treverorum (Trier) + Rhine &
                                                                                Moselle RVV - Augusta Treverorum (Trier)
                                                                                *{900-889}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 38.

900 847   600 900   A Jews            E {Tuscany, C & S I, Sicily} -        T
                                        [INTERSECTION OF {Tuscany, C & S
                                        I, Sicily} AND {Pisa area, C & S
                                        I, Sicily}] *{900-843} -
                                        INTERSECTION OF * *{900-843} AND
                                        {900-846} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 30, 38 in
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To INTERSECTION OF {Tuscany, C & S I,
                                                                                Sicily} AND {Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily} *
                                                                                INTERSECTION OF {900-843} AND {900-846} *
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 38.

900 839   600 1970  N Jews            E {Crimean Bosporus region} +         L
                                        {Crimea less Bosporus region}
                                        *{900-837} + {900-838}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        25, 38 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-837) and (900-
                                                                                838). End date inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 190.

900 846   600 900   A Jews            E Pisa area, C & S I, Sicily (For     L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 38
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-843) and (900-
                                                                                847).

900 891   600 900   A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) +       L
                                        Rhine & Moselle RVV - Augusta
                                        Treverorum (Trier)} + {Main & U
                                        Danube RVV} *{900-889} + {900-
                                        890}* (For detailed locations see
                                        maps pp. 29, 30, 38 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-890) and (900-
                                                                                893).

 51  33   600 900   A Karantanci      S E Alps                              L
                                                                                S. Slavs that became Slovenes.

 13  60   600 #     A Krivice         S Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in      M
                                        Pskov area.
                                                                                From Upper Niemen R & area between W Bug R
                                                                                & Vistula R along border between Poland &
                                                                                Byelorussia. *{13-59}*

900 761   600 650   A Krivice         S {Upper W Duna R & Velikaja R in     L
                                        Pskov area.} *{13-60}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (13-60), end date
                                                                                to conform to (13-61).

234 155   600 800   A Poljane         S Ingul R region (W of Dnepr R) &     L
                                        Dnepr mouth.

114  26   600 900   A Romanics        I Pannonian Plain (portion SW of      I
                                        Danube R)
                                                                                By Slovenes.

 32  30   600 625   A Slavs           S GR, Aegaean, Crete                  A
                                                                                From Balkans.

 13  44   600 700   A Slavs           S GR, including Peloponnese           Q
                                                                                From Balkans. Only W Peloponnese acc/to
                                                                                (327-1). Author states there must have
                                                                                been many of original population
                                                                                (Hellenes) left to result in the re-
                                                                                Hellenization of the country.

 32  37   600 1000  A Slavs           S Khazar empire betw Sea of Azov &    L
                                        Chorezm.
                                                                                Author refers to them as E. Slavs. Dates
                                                                                bracket events described in ref. End date
                                                                                is approximate end of Khazar Empire. Not
                                                                                clear whether they are a continuation of
                                                                                Croats located there betw 200-550 AD by
                                                                                (32-31) or whether these came
                                                                                de novo.

900 720   600 1000  N Slenzane        S Upper Oder R around Wroclaw, PL     L
                                        (see map ref 302).
                                                                                Start date from (301-24), end date from
                                                                                (371-3) (but note that (147-16) lists them
                                                                                as Slenzane until 1200 AD). Will become
                                                                                part of Poles. (Syn.Slezane, Slazane).

 51  82   600 700   A Slovenes        S Upper courses Save R & Danube R in  M
                                        W, incl. E Alps, Adriatic coast up
                                        to plain of Friaul, almost to
                                        Venice.
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (900-671).
                                                                                They were earlier called Sclavini. On the
                                                                                Pannonian plain, they allied themselves
                                                                                with the Czech & Slovak tribes. Probably
                                                                                stayed S & W of Danube R. This area does
                                                                                not fully coincide with (51-84)
                                                                                and may need stitching together. Ref also
                                                                                states 'also substantial part of Pannonian
                                                                                plain', but this is more correctly taken
                                                                                care of by (31-12). From Lower Danube R (E
                                                                                Valachia, coastal Moldavia, ROM). *{900-
                                                                                670}*

 51  84   600 700   A Slovenes        S Area from Trieste over Trzic (YU)   L
                                        & Kormink Cedad (Cividale, I?), to
                                        Potreba (Pontebba, I?), St. Mohor,
                                        Villach on Drau R (A), betw
                                        Ossiacher & Woerther LL (A), to
                                        Radkersburg a. d. Mur (A), St.
                                        Gothard (Szentgotthard) on the
                                        Raab R (H),
                                        Varazdin on the Drau (Drave) R          Start date for consistency with (900-671).
                                        (Croatia, YU), to Sotla, Kupa, (in      Includes the following tribes: Ziljani (51-
                                        Slovenia, YU) Sneznik & Buzct           96), Gorenjci (51-97), Vipavci (51-98),
                                        (Piquenta) (YU) RVs, back to            Krasani (51-99), Pivcani (51-100),
                                        Trieste.                                Dolenjci (51-101), Stodorani (51-88).

900 646   600 700   A Swedes          G {W Dvina, Upper Volga, Oka RR}      Q
                                        *{234-124}* + Upper Dnepr R +
                                        Rostov area
                                                                                From S. Pobably small numbers only. Acc/to
                                                                                (234-124), (234-127), (234-128). (Swedish
                                                                                Vikings, Varyagi after arrival in Russia.)

114  34   600 800   N Thracians       P {Serbia} *{900-296}*                I
                                                                                By Serbs.

900 753   600 1400  A Tiverce         S S Bessarabia betw Prut and Dnestr   L
                                        RR.
                                                                                Acc/to (301-10), (234-154), (169-85), etc.
                                                                                Part of Antes.

 11  37   600 #     A Uguri           T Balkans                             A
                                                                                From Volga R Steppes. *{11-36}*

301   2   600 800   A Vjatice         S Upper Oka R SU, extending E to      L
                                        Borshevo. (See Vana, World of
                                        Ancient Slavs, 1983, p.46.)
                                                                                Borshevo Culture. Ref (234-164) mentions
                                                                                presumed origin along Don R as far S as
                                                                                Boguchar, but no date is given, nor could
                                                                                we find confirmation elsewhere. In
                                                                                contrast, Vana: The World of the Ancient
                                                                                Slavs, 1983, p.47, states that their
                                                                                original home was PL.

 13  49   600 800   A Volyncevo       S Left bank Middle Dnepr R plus Sejm  L
                                        & Desna RR.
                                                                                Culture which transformed itself into
                                                                                Romny-Borsevo Culture.


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