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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

353   4     1 100   N Ambivarii       K N B & S NL, W of Maas R             L

 46  34     1 200   A Amizetes        Y Lower Drave R                       L

  2  21     1 500   A Aremorici       I Between Seine & Loire R             L
                                                                                Amalgamated with Franks.

901  91     1 1970  A Berbers         O N Africa                            L
                                                                                Specifically mentioned in Carthage area in
                                                                                650 AD by (34-7). Still in N. Africa, but
                                                                                in mt regions. Afro-Asiatic speakers.

368   4     1 100   N Breuni          U Area just S of Innsbruck, to E of   L
                                        Rhaetian Alps, A.
                                                                                End date: guess. Might be Celts.

900 336     1 150   A Catari          Y {Area around Emona (mod.            L
                                        Ljubljana; Pannonia RP)} *{110-30}*
                                                                                For consistency with (110-30). They are a
                                                                                tribe of Pannonians. Start date uncertain.
                                                                                (Location given in next unabstracted ref
                                                                                in book containing ref 110, p.141.)

133  15     1 200   A Celto-Illyrians U Lower A                             L
                                                                                Mixed Celtic-Illyrian pop with some Roman
                                                                                admixture.

133   9     1 100   A Celts           K Lower A S of Danube                 I
                                                                                By Romans.

900 337     1 200   A Colapiani       Y {Nr Siscia (mod. Sisak on Sava R,   L
                                        YU; Pannonia RP)} + (Ref 165 also
                                        mentions Pokupje between Bele
                                        Krajina & Karlovac, YU.) *{110-38}
                                        + (ref 165)*
                                                                                For consistency with (110-38). They are a
                                                                                tribe of South Pannonians.

 46  32     1 200   A Cornacates      K E Slavonia (Danube basin, Sotin)    L
                                                                                Illyrianized. Subgroup of Scordisci.

900 984     1 50    A Cotini          K Moravia                             M
                                                                                Necessitated by (19-16). From Slovakia
                                                                                *{307-11}*

 19  16     1 180   A Cotini          K Moravia                             L
                                                                                End date to conform to (111-3). Perhaps
                                                                                remains of Volcae Tectosages. But
                                                                                constrast with authors'statement on p.
                                                                                164. (Syn. Kotini.)

390   7     1 100   N Dacians         P Dnestr R area, SU, see map 21a      E
                                        (8); 'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                From Dobrogea. *{173-26}* Refers to
                                                                                'Lipicka Culture'; a culture attached to
                                                                                Dacian people living in this area, rather
                                                                                than in Romanian Dacia.

 27 173     1 100   A Demetae         K Wales                               L
                                                                                Dates are conservative bound around date
                                                                                of 86 AD cited in ref, which calls them
                                                                                Demetaci.

900 121     1 1000  A Finns           F From White Sea to Oka R basin       L
                                                                                Acc/to (211-17), (169-114). End date
                                                                                extended as compromise with (901-126).

210  10     1 900   A Galindians      B W part of Muscovy, SW part of       L
                                        Tver, (both principalities in
                                        Russia) districts of Rzhev &
                                        Zubtsov, E part of Smolensk.

192  15     1 843   N Gallo-Romans    I S CH (modern Savoy) (ancient name:  L
                                        Sapaudia) & parts of E. F
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-120) (ca 100
                                                                                years following advent of Romans); end
                                                                                date start of West Frankish Kingdom
                                                                                (Ploetz p. 348). Succeeded by French.

192  17     1 843   N Gallo-Romans    I SE F: Durance(Lugdunensis I, RP)    L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-120) (ca 100
                                                                                years following advent of Romans); end
                                                                                date start of West Frankish Kingdom
                                                                                (Ploetz p. 348). Succeeded by French.

900 841     1 300   A Jews            E Po RV, C & S I, E Sicily (For       Q
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From ME. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 815     1 300   A Jews            E Emerita Augusta, Corduba in RPP of  S
                                        Spain (For detailed locations see
                                        map p. 29 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From Palestine? Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 858     1 300   A Jews            E E Pannonia RP (For detailed         S
                                        locations see map p. 29 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 886     1 300   A Jews            E Augusta Treverorum (Trier) (For     S
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Rome. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 825     1 300   A Jews            E W GR, W Macedonia & E Thrace (For   T
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To E GR & Macedonia including Crete. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 29.

900 816     1 300   A Jews            E {Tarraco (E)} + {Emerita Augusta,   L
                                        Corduba in RPP of Spain} *{900-
                                        813} + {900-815}* (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29 in
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-814), (900-815)
                                                                                and (900-817).

900 826     1 300   A Jews            E {GR including Crete} - {W GR, W     L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace} *{900-823} -
                                        {900-825}* (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 25, 29 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-824), (900-825)
                                                                                and (900-827). Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 29.

900 842     1 300   A Jews            E {Po RV, C & S I, E Sicily (For      L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        841}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-841) and (900-
                                                                                843).

900 859     1 300   A Jews            E {E Pannonia RP (For detailed        L
                                        locations see map p. 29 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-858}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-858). Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World pp. 29, 31.

900 887     1 300   A Jews            E {Augusta Treverorum (Trier) (For    L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 29
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        886}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-886) and (900-
                                                                                888).

353  18     1 100   N Leuci           U Area SE of Tullum (mod. Toul), F    L
                                                                                Date are conservative guesses around 83 AD
                                                                                when provinces of Germania were added to
                                                                                Roman empire.

368   3     1 200   N Mazaei          Y Una & Vrbas RR area, S of Sava R;   L
                                        Grmec & Kozara regions, W YU.
                                                                                Pannonian tribe acc/to Strabo.

170   6     1 400   A Mid Iron Age    U N SCA incl N of Arctic Circle       E
                                                                                From S SCA.

901  96     1 400   A Mid Iron Age    U {S SCA} + {N SCA incl N of Arctic   L
                                        Circle} *{901-95} + {170-6}*
                                                                                For consistency with (170-6).

900 631     1 350   A Norwegians      G S N (S of 60 deg N)                 L
                                                                                For consistency with (208-2).

 44  20     1 843   N Picts           U Scotland                            L
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess. End date:
                                                                                surrender to Scoti, to conform to (11-
                                                                                156). Source states that first historical
                                                                                mention of Picts was in 297 AD.

234  49     1 600   A Sclavini        S Betw Carpathian Mts & Middle Dnepr  L
                                        R, chiefly in Kiev region.
                                                                                (SYN = Sclaveni). Start date is guess.
                                                                                Gave rise to Slovenes.

353   9     1 100   N Segni           G Ardennes area, SE B                 L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (361-7). They were left
                                                                                Rhenish-Germans at time of Caesar.

900 340     1 200   A Serapilli       Y {Area of Iovia (mod. Ludbreg,       L
                                        Croatia, YU) S of Drava R
                                        (Pannonia RP)} *{110-40}*
                                                                                For consistency with (110-40).

901  94     1 200   A Serretes        U {Poetovio, Pannonia RP (mod. Ptuj,  L
                                        YU)} *{110-39}*
                                                                                Start date: ref 111, p. 141. End date to
                                                                                conform to (110-39).

901  93     1 200   A Sirmiensi       U {Sirmium, Pannonia RP (mod. Srem    L
                                        Mitrovica, YU)} *{110-34}*
                                                                                Start date: ref 111, p. 141. End date to
                                                                                conform to (110-34).

900 617     1 300   A Svear           G Shores & islands of L Maelar (C S). L
                                                                                Both start & end dates are guesses. Start
                                                                                date acc/to Tacitus (205-1), end date for
                                                                                consistency with (900-618).

353   5     1 100   A Texuandri       G SE NL, due W of Geldern, D          L
                                                                                Possibly synonymous with Batavi.

 46  33     1 200   A Triconenses     K NW Upper Moesia RP (Sopot, Ritopek) L

                                                                                May be a subgroup of the Scordisci.

353   6     1 100   N Tungri          G Area E of Brussels, B               L
                                                                                Germanic speakers according to Geipel.
                                                                                Successors of Eburoni.

 13   3     1 200   A Venedi          S E of Vistula R up to the            L
                                        Carpathians Mts and the
                                        settlements of the Peuci & the
                                        Finns.
                                                                                Some authors believe that these are early
                                                                                Slavs. Mentioned by Ptolemy.

148   2     1 400   A Wielbark        U {C Pommerania, Lower & C Vistula    L
                                        area. (Probably same region as in
                                        (900-221.)}.
                                                                                Incl. Rugii, Goths, Gepidae, Veneti &
                                                                                Slavs.

184  14     4 5     N Romans          I W Frisian coast,Upper Ems R area    A
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comments; see long record. *{901-37}*
113  11    11 12    N Dacians         P Moesia (probably Moesia Superior    R
                                        RP).
                                                                                50K persons. From ROM excl. Dobrogea.
                                                                                *{173-27}*

187   3    14 #     N Romans          I N of Ruhr R                         A
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-37}*
  1   8    17 100   N Lemovii         G At mouth of Oder R in modern        L
                                        Pomerania.

375   1    17 #     N Romans          I Cappadocia RP (TR)                  E
                                                                                Roman empire expansion under Tiberius.
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                37}*
901  38    17 43    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (375-1); end date
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       to conform to (27-174).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & Cantabria (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-37} + {375-
                                        1}*

234  27    25 50    A Iazyges         R Pannonian steppes between Tisza R   M
                                        & Danube R.
                                                                                From Bessarabia. *{900-246}* (A Sarmatian
                                                                                tribe acc/to various authors.)

900 247    25 110   A Iazyges         R {Pannonian steppes between Tisza R  L
                                        & Danube R.} *{234-27}*
                                                                                Acc/to (110-23).

234  29    25 50    A Roxolani        R Lower Danube R corner               M
                                                                                From steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR. *{900-
                                                                                242}* A Sarmatian tribe.

900 243    25 110   A Roxolani        R {Lower Danube R corner} *{234-29}*  L
                                                                                Acc/to (234-29).

197   1    40 #     A Chatti          G Lower Main R area                   A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

901 217    43 #     N Romans          I Lycia and Pamphylia RPP             C
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz, page 308.  From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-38}*
 27 174    43 86    N Romans          I Britain less interior of Wales and  E
                                        Scotland
                                                                                Start date acc/to (143-58). From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-38}*
901  39    43 46    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (27-174); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (40-78).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & Cantabria (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-38} + {27-
                                        174}*

901 218    43 476   N Romans          I {Lycia and Pamphylia RPP} *{901-    L
                                        217}*
                                                                                For consistency with (901-217). End date
                                                                                conforms to the end of the Roman Empire.

 40  78    46 #     N Romans          I Thrace RP                           E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-39}*
901  40    46 73    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (40-78); end date
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       to conform to (901-42).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-39} + {40-78}*

900  29    50 500   A Angles          G Angeln area in Schleswig            L
                                                                                Location acc/to (12-84).

900 513    50 200   A Chattuarii      G Between Upper Ems and Upper Ruhr    L
                                        RR.
                                                                                Acc/to (184-12), (12-203), (187-5). End
                                                                                date pure guess. Believed descendants of
                                                                                Marsi (acc/to (12-191)).

 17  50    50 843   N Gallo-Romans    I Area on Map III described as        L
                                        between Loire & Seine RR & N of
                                        Seine R, middle & lower V of Oise
                                        & Marne RR. (i.e.2nd Lyonnaise,
                                        major part of 3rd Lyonnaise & 4th
                                        Lyonnaise and S part of 2nd
                                        Belgium. These are RPP. See Map
                                        II).
                                                                                Start date approximately 100 years
                                                                                following conquest by Julius Caesar; end
                                                                                date start of West Frankish Kingdom
                                                                                (Ploetz p. 348). Succeeded by French.

180  12    50 100   A Germanics       G B                                   Q
                                                                                From across the Rhine R.

112  15    50 150   A Illyrians       Y Munti Zlatna, Transilvania, Dacia   R
                                        RP.
                                                                                From where and which tribe is not stated.
                                                                                Miners, resettled in Dacia RP by Romans.

 12  87    50 600   A Jutes           G In Jutland N of Barvithsysael       L
                                        district.
                                                                                Only parts moved. End date approximate to
                                                                                correspond to their Danicization.

133  12    50 #     N Quadi           G L Neusiedl & Leitha Mts             R
                                                                                From Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia & SW
                                                                                Slovakia. *{900-529}* Portion of tribe
                                                                                because of internal troubles; by Romans.

900 690    50 150   A Serbs           S European Sarmatia (area betw        M
                                        Dnestr & Vistula RR and
                                        Carpathians; see (51-114)).
                                                                                Extracted from ref 51, just before (51-
                                                                                111). Start date in ref, end date guess to
                                                                                conform to (900-691). From 'Asiatic
                                                                                Sarmatia' (area N of Don R to Caucasus).

900 691    50 450   A Serbs           S {European Sarmatia (area betw       L
                                        Dnestr & Vistula RR and
                                        Carpathians; see (51-114)).} *{900-
                                        690}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-690) & (900-
                                                                                692). This is a wild guess.

  6   3    50 #     A Vandals         G S PL S Posen, Congress PL,          M
                                        Galicia, and the largest part of
                                        Silesia.
                                                                                From Bay of Gdansk. *{6-2}* They were
                                                                                pushed there by later arriving Rugii.

900 545    50 150   A Vandals         G {S PL S Posen, Congress PL,         L
                                        Galicia, and the largest part of
                                        Silesia.} *{6-3}*
                                                                                For consistency with (6-3), (900-546),
                                                                                (900-547).

900 591    50 #     A Varini          G {Barvithsysael in Jutland} *{12-    M
                                        86}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-85) & (12-86).
                                                                                From N. *{12-85}*

 12  86    50 250   A Varini          G Barvithsysael in Jutland            L
                                                                                Dates are guesses.

197   2    51 #     N Chatti          G E Gaul                              A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

 12 114    58 #     N Amsivarii       G Upper Wupper R                      M
                                                                                From area betw Lower Weser & Lower Ems RR
                                                                                (Abb 4). *{900-24}*

900  25    58 400   A Amsivarii       G {Upper Wupper R} *{12-114}*         L
                                                                                Become Franks.

 12 100    58 #     N Chauci          G Lower Ems R & Hase R tributary of   E
                                        Ems R. (Lands of the Amsivarii &
                                        Chasuarii.)
                                                                                From coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe RR.
                                                                                *{184-9}*

900 556    58 90    A Chauci          G {Coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe     L
                                        RR.} + {Lower Ems R & Hase R
                                        tributary of Ems R. (Lands of the
                                        Amsivarii & Chasuarii.)} *{184-9}
                                        + {12-100}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-100) & (12-101).

901  42    73 85    N Romans          I Agri Decumates (area betw Rhine &   E
                                        Danube RR, see Atlas of the Roman
                                        World map p. 173)
                                                                                Dates from Atlas of the Roman World p.
                                                                                107. Apparently incorporated into Germania
                                                                                Superior RP. From Falerii, Tarquinii &
                                                                                Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                                                                & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p.
                                                                                21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC
                                                                                I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir
                                                                                RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-40}*
901  43    73 101   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (901-42); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (113-14).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-40} + {901-42}*

900  40    75 #     A Angrivarii      G W of Weser R betw Wiehen & Egge     M
                                        Mts in area called Engern; also in
                                        Muensterland in Gau Angeron.
                                                                                Location information acc/to (187-16). Left
                                                                                their earlier home (nr Weser-Aller R
                                                                                junction N of Cherusci, S of Lueneburger
                                                                                Heide) under pressure from Chauci (acc/to
                                                                                (187-16)). Left Middle Weser R and moved
                                                                                here, having defeated the Bructeri
                                                                                (acc/to (12-117)).

900  41    75 300   A Angrivarii      G {W of Weser R betw Wiehen & Egge    L
                                        Mts in area called Engern; also in
                                        Muensterland in Gau Angeron.}
                                        *{900-40}*

900  92    80 850   A Avioni          G N Albingia=Dietmarschen, the        L
                                        Stormarn around Hamburg, & Holsten.
                                                                                Acc/to (194-16), (194-19). Part of Saxons.

194  18    80 150   A Nuithoni        G N of Elbe R, Dithmarschen,          L
                                        Stormarn, & Holstein (map 9-I,
                                        Westermann).
                                                                                Part of Saxons.

194  15    80 150   A Reudigni        G N of Elbe R, Dithmarschen,          L
                                        Stormarn, & Holstein (map 9-I,
                                        Westermann).
                                                                                Part of Saxons.

194  17    80 150   A Suarini         G N of Elbe R, Dithmarschen,          L
                                        Stormarn, & Holstein (map 9-I,
                                        Westermann).
                                                                                Part of Saxons.

 40  79    85 105   N Dacians         P Moesia RP                           A
                                                                                From ROM excl. Dobrogea. *{173-27}*

 40  80    85 105   N Roxolani        R Moesia RP                           A
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner. *{234-29}*
                                                                                Ploetz says Moesia inferior.

 12 147    89 92    N Marcomanni      G {Lower A N of Danube & S            E
                                        Moravia}*{133-13}*
                                                                                From Bohemia. *{14-5}*

900 528    89 500   A Marcomanni      G {Lower A N of Danube & S Moravia}   L
                                        *{12-147}*
                                                                                End date to conform to (14-5).

 12 146    89 92    N Quadi           G Upper Gran & Eipel RR (Hron & Ipel  E
                                        RR) CSSR.
                                                                                From Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia & SW
                                                                                Slovakia. *{900-529}*

900 530    89 500   A Quadi           G {Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia &   L
                                        SW Slovakia.} + {Upper Gran &
                                        Eipel RR (Hron & Ipel RR) CSSR.}
                                        *{900-529} + {12-146}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (12-146). End
                                                                                date by inference acc/to (133-22).

 12 101    90 #     A Chauci          G W of Oker R Land of the Cherusci.   E
                                        Also into the land of the
                                        Angrivarii. (See ref 183, Abb 4,
                                        p.48.)
                                                                                From Lower Ems R & Hase R tributary of Ems
                                                                                R. (Lands of the Amsivarii & Chasuarii.)
                                                                                *{12-100}*

900 557    90 200   A Chauci          G {Coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe     L
                                        RR. + Lower Ems R & Hase R
                                        tributary of Ems R. (Lands of the
                                        Amsivarii & Chasuarii.)} + {W of
                                        Oker R Land of the Cherusci. Also
                                        into the land of the Angrivarii.
                                        (See ref 183, Abb 4, p.48.)} *{900-
                                        556} +
                                        {12-101}*                               For consistency with (12-101). End date by
                                                                                implication acc/to (188-3).

 12 202    97 #     A Bructeri        G Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR               M
                                                                                Remainder of tribe. Eventually absorbed by
                                                                                Franks. From area between Upper Lippe &
                                                                                Ems RR (Abb 4). *{183-23}*

900 552    97 450   A Bructeri        G {Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR} *{12-202}*  L
                                                                                End date is a guess (see (2-16)).
                                                                                Eventually absorbed by Franks acc/to (12-
                                                                                202).

 12 206    97 #     N Chamavi         G Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR        E
                                                                                From modern Overijssel Province (NL). *{12-
                                                                                205}* Area taken from Bructeri, which the
                                                                                latter had previously taken from the
                                                                                Usipii.

900 555    97 400   A Chamavi         G {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR}      L
                                        *{12-206}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-206). End date
                                                                                acc/to (2-14). They become part of Franks.

358  11   100 200   A Alamanni        G Area betw Elbe & Rhine RR, N of     W
                                        Main R, E D & W DDR.
                                                                                From the Elbe R area around Magdeburg, W
                                                                                DDR. (See (358-9).)

234  51   100 300   A Borani          S Lower Don R region                  L
                                                                                Their Slavic ethnicity not certain. End
                                                                                date by inference from (234-52).

 53  32   100 200   A Celtiberians    U Ref states NC E; we will useC E     I
                                        (see map, ref 307) (=(307-7))
                                                                                By Romans.

 13  22   100 450   A Cernyachov      U Ukrainian plain forest steppes;     L
                                        from Carpathians until Dnepr-Don
                                        RR watershed, up to Sarmatian
                                        cultures in S, up to simple
                                        cultures of forest areas in N.
                                        (For map see Vana: World of
                                        Ancient Slavs, p. 17.)
                                                                                Believed to be polyethnic with S, G,
                                                                                Dacian-Getic, Sarmatian and possibly late
                                                                                Scythian components. Start date acc/to
                                                                                (134-4) and (169-102). End date compromise
                                                                                between (134-4) and (169-102). Ref (148-1)
                                                                                says there were also Slavs. Culture.

900 606   100 600   A Dacians         P {Dobrogea} + {ROM excl. Dobrogea}   L
                                        *{173-26} + {173-27}*
                                                                                For consistency with (173-26), (173-27), &
                                                                                (120-3).

190  16   100 290   N Gallo-Romans    I Agri Decumates (Dekumatland) see    L
                                        Abb. 69.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-42); end
                                                                                date to conform to (193-3). Part of pop.
                                                                                left in 259; remainder expelled or
                                                                                assimilated by invading Germanic tribes.

 12  23   100 250   A Heruli          G S: Smaland, Halland, Blekinge       L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (205-3). Ref (205-3)
                                                                                says driven out by Danes but no date
                                                                                given. Split into two groups as they left
                                                                                S. We call these W. Heruli & E. Heruli.

192   7   100 400   N Luboszyce       U Middle Oder R area (see (391-14)    L
                                        for map)
                                                                                (syn Lebus-Lausitzer-Gruppe). Close
                                                                                cultural relations with Przeworsk Culture.

901  50   100 550   A Romanics        I Raetia RP                           L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (184-6) (ca. 100
                                                                                following advent of Romans); end date to
                                                                                conform to (196-11). Romanized native
                                                                                population.

 27 180   100 200   A Scoti           K Britain, Normandy to Loire R mouth  A
                                                                                From Ireland. These are the Goidelic
                                                                                inhabitants of Ireland.

900 601   100 #     A Sidones         G {Betw Pilica & Odra RR, Katowice,   M
                                        N of Upper Vistula R, S PL.} *{369-
                                        1}*
                                                                                For consistency with (368-1) & (369-1).
                                                                                From Dnestr R area, betw Stry R & Beskid
                                                                                Mtns, & S of Lvov, W SU. *{368-1}*

369   1   100 300   A Sidones         G Betw Pilica & Odra RR, Katowice, N  L
                                        of Upper Vistula R, S PL.
                                                                                At time of Roman Empire at greatest
                                                                                extent; subgroup of Bastarnae.

113  14   101 106   N Romans          I Dacia RP                            E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-43}*
901  41   101 259   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica,                Start date to conform to (113-14); end
                                        Sardinia,Malta + N I up to Alps +       date to conform to (190-15).
                                        Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica + Ebro R
                                        basin in Navarre & Rioja & high R
                                        basins of the Guadiana, Jucar &
                                        Turia RR + RP Asia in AM + Istria
                                        + Macedonia RP, Illyricum + W
                                        Iberia
                                        not incl Asturia & Cantabria + GR
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-43} + {113-14}*

 40  82   107 #     N Dacians         P Carpathian area                     Q
                                                                                From Dacia RP. Refugees from Emperor
                                                                                Trajan's attacks. Incl Anarten & Arsieten
                                                                                (Dacianized), Saboken & Biessen,
                                                                                Costobocci, Carps (Dacians).

110  23   110 #     A Iazyges         R Area from Banat to Olt R            E
                                                                                From the Pannonian steppes between Tisza R
                                                                                & Danube R. *{234-27}*

900 248   110 568   A Iazyges         R {Pannonian steppes between Tisza R  L
                                        & Danube R.} + {Area from Banat to
                                        Olt R} *{234-27} + {110-23}*
                                                                                Acc/to (391-2), (1-39), (133-43).

110  24   110 #     A Roxolani        R Bey'd area (E of) Banat to Olt R    E
                                        along Danube.
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner. *{234-29}*

900 244   110 260   A Roxolani        R {Lower Danube R corner} + {Bey'd    L
                                        area (E of) Banat to Olt R along
                                        Danube.} *{234-29} + {110-24}*
                                                                                Acc/to (110-44).

375   4   114 117   N Romans          I Armenia, foot of Caucasus Mtns, E   A
                                        & N TR.
                                                                                Roman empire expansion under Trajan. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                41}*
375   5   115 117   N Romans          I Mesopotamia & Assyria               A
                                                                                Roman empire expansion under Trajan. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                41}*
192   1   150 #     A Burgundians     G W limit Flaeming Region & Mulde R   Q
                                        with Duebener Heide, S: Lausitz &
                                        Sudeten Mts, E: Bobr R, N:
                                        WartaLowlands & forested slopes of
                                        Mecklenburg Hills, also
                                        Schorfheide and S Uckermark. (See
                                        map 6/8, Westermanns Hausatlas.)
                                                                                From Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map 6,
                                                                                ref 16). *{900-477}*

900 479   150 250   A Burgundians     G {W limit Flaeming Region & Mulde R  L
                                        with Duebener Heide, S: Lausitz &
                                        Sudeten Mts, E: Bobr R, N: Warta
                                        Lowlands & forested slopes of
                                        Mecklenburg Hills, also
                                        Schorfheide and S Uckermark. (See
                                        map 6/8, Westermanns Hausatlas.)}
                                        *{192-1}*
                                                                                For consistency with (192-1) & (12-47).

110  30   150 200   A Catari          Y Area around Emona (mod. Ljubljana;  I
                                        Pannonia RP)
                                                                                By Romans. Perhaps the Istrian Catali?
                                                                                (Location given in next unabstracted ref
                                                                                in same book, p.141.)

900 547   150 248   A Hasdingi        G {S PL S Posen, Congress PL,         L
                                        Galicia, and the largest part of
                                        Silesia.} - {Silesia (largest
                                        part; see {6-3}).} *{6-3} - {900-
                                        546}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-545) and (11-
                                                                                87). Branch of Vandals, called Hasdingi
                                                                                after this date.

 12 103   150 225   A Saxons          G Holstein also on 3 islands at       L
                                        mouth of Elbe R.
                                                                                Start date to match end date of (194-15)
                                                                                (Reudigni) who may have been ancestral.
                                                                                End date compromise between (189-11) & (11-
                                                                                137) to permit expansion necessary for
                                                                                (189-11).

900 474   150 #     A Sciri           G Modern Galicia (USSR, PL)           M
                                                                                By implication acc/to (40-85), (12-37).

900 475   150 409   A Sciri           G {Modern Galicia (USSR, PL)} *{900-  L
                                        474}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-474) & (12-39),
                                                                                (12-40).

900 546   150 450   A Silingi         G Silesia (largest part; see (6-3)).  L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-545). End date
                                                                                is based on map 34, Putzger and (13-26).
                                                                                Branch of Vandals, called Silingi after
                                                                                this date.

 53  33   161 180   N Africans        O Malaga                              N
                                                                                From N Africa.

110  55   161 180   A Syrians         E Intercisa in Pannonia RP also       S
                                        Ulcisia Castra (see map in
                                        endpapers of ref (109-111)).
                                                                                From Syria. Given citizenship by Marcus
                                                                                Aurelius whose reign we have used as dates.

197   3   162 #     N Chatti          G Germania Superior RP & Raetia RP    A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

234  24   162 #     A Romans          I Lower Danube R, Greek cities along  C
                                        Black Sea shore
                                                                                Date on p. 94 of ref. Length of stay not
                                                                                given. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C
                                                                                I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW
                                                                                of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of
                                                                                the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p.
                                                                                21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC
                                                                                I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus,
                                                                                & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                                                                Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps +
                                                                                Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories of Hispania Citerior (the
                                                                                coastal strip + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-40}*
 11  18   166 #     N Bastarnae       G RP Achaea, RP Asia                  A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 11  17   166 #     N Costobocci      G RP Achaea, RP Asia                  A
                                                                                Not stated from where.

110  29   166 175   N Iazyges         R Pannonia RP                         A
                                                                                From the Pannonian steppes between Tisza R
                                                                                & Danube R. + Area from Banat to Olt R.
                                                                                *{900-248}*

 11  16   166 #     N Marcomanni      G RP Venetia                          A
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

 12 148   166 180   N Marcomanni      G RP Pannonia, Raetia, Noricum        A
                                                                                From Bohemia + Lower A, N of Danube & S
                                                                                Moravia. *{14-5} + {900-528}*

110  25   166 167   N Obii            G Betw. Brigetio (Szoeny, H; fig 1    A
                                        p.59) & Arrabona in Pannonia RP.
                                                                                From (Lower) Elbe R. R. Much says they are
                                                                                possibly related to Ubii who had moved to
                                                                                the Rhine R area.

 11  15   166 #     N Quadi           G RP Venetia                          A
                                                                                From Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia & SW
                                                                                Slovakia. + Upper Gran & Eipel RR (Hron &
                                                                                Ipel RR) CSSR. *{900-530}*

 12 149   166 180   N Quadi           G RP Pannonia, Raetia, Noricum        A
                                                                                From Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia & SW
                                                                                Slovakia. + Upper Gran & Eipel RR (Hron &
                                                                                Ipel RR) CSSR. *{900-530}*

 40  84   167 168   N Bastarnae       G Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 40  83   167 168   N Dacians         P Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From E ROM.

185   2   167 #     N Lombards        G Upper Pannonia RP                   A
                                                                                From both sides lower Elbe R. On left bk
                                                                                incl Lueneburger Heide, area betw Luhe &
                                                                                Ilmenau (Bardengau, incl mod locality
                                                                                Bardowick). *{185-1}* 6K people.

 40  85   167 168   N Sciri           G Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From modern Galicia (USSR, PL). *{900-474}*

 11  86   171 #     N Hasdingi        G Dacia RP (map 28, Putzger)          A
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}*

188   3   175 #     N Chauci          G Gaul                                A
                                                                                From coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe RR. +
                                                                                Lower Ems R & Hase R tributary of Ems R.
                                                                                (Lands of the Amsivarii & Chasuarii.) + W
                                                                                of Oker R (Land of the Cherusci). Also
                                                                                into the land of the Angrivarii. (See ref
                                                                                183, Abb 4, p.48.) *{900-557}*

 12   1   175 250   A Gepidae         G Vistula-Nogat Delta                 L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (1-9). End date
                                                                                acc/to ref 12. Originated from remnants of
                                                                                Goths who had not migrated SE.

  1   9   175 #     A Goths           G Marshes nr Azov Sea                 M
                                                                                From the middle Oder R, both sides of
                                                                                middle Oder R, S boundary reached in E.
                                                                                Mark Brandenburg, into the Lausitz area
                                                                                and Lower Silesia. + Gothi-Scandza. (Gothi-
                                                                                Scandza = N PL. & N D. between Vistula &
                                                                                Oder RR covering modern cities
                                                                                of Gdansk, Szeszin, & Grudziadz.) *{1-3}*
                                                                                Called Gutoni in reference.

900 488   175 240   A Goths           G {Marshes nr Azov Sea} *{1-9}*       L
                                                                                For consistency with (1-9) and (110-49).

111   3   180 #     N Cotini          K Betw Mursa & Cibalae in Pannonia    R
                                        RP. (see endpaper map)
                                                                                From Moravia *{19-16}* (Syn. Kotini.)

110  56   180 #     A N. Africans     O Pannonia RP                         Q
                                                                                From N Africa. Roman legion.

900 526   180 #     A Semnones        G Betw Main & Danube RR; (see Abb 1,  Q
                                        p.13).
                                                                                From Elbe-Havel RR area bounded by Elbe R
                                                                                in W and in S by Hermunduri tribal area
                                                                                (Middle Oder R area). E border
                                                                                Burgundians, separated by Spree or Havel
                                                                                RR (see (185-8)). They are called Alemanni
                                                                                hereafter. Date acc/to (185-9).

900 538   180 568   A Suebi           G {Elbe-Havel RR area bounded by      L
                                        Elbe R in W and in S by Hermunduri
                                        tribal area (Middle Oder R area).
                                        E border Burgundians, separated by
                                        Spree or Havel RR.} *{185-8}*
                                                                                These are the North Suebi, descended from
                                                                                Semnones. Their presence is inferred, not
                                                                                explicity described (see also R. Much, p.
                                                                                105, who says they were ultimately
                                                                                assimilated Saxons). Start date acc/to
                                                                                (185-9). End date acc/to (33-10).

110  54   180 305   A Thracians       P Aquincum in Pannonia RP             S
                                                                                From Thrace.

111   2   193 235   A Greeks          H Pannonia RP                         S
                                                                                From Greece.

111   1   193 235   A Jews            E Intercisa, Mursa (Pannonia RP)(see  S
                                        map p. 29 in Atlas of the Jewish
                                        World)
                                                                                Probably from Palestine.

178   9   200 400   N Alamanni        G N, C, & E CH                        Q
                                                                                From the area betw Main & Danube RR (Abb
                                                                                1). *{189-8}*

189   8   200 259   N Alamanni        G Betw Main & Danube RR (Abb 1)       L
                                                                                Formed with Elbe-Germanic tribal
                                                                                fragments, mainly Semnones, others not
                                                                                well known betw Elbe & Oder, late 3rd C.
                                                                                Also Euthungi, possibly some Burgundians;
                                                                                S Hermunduri.

358  13   200 260   A Alamanni        G S across Main R & into Schwarzwald  W
                                        (Black Forest) area & area around
                                        Worms, D.
                                                                                From the area around Fulda.

900 348   200 1000  A Albani          Y C Albania (in mountainous           L
                                        area)(See map 1 in ref 165.)
                                                                                Acc/to N. Hammond: Migrations and
                                                                                invasions in Greece & adjacent areas,
                                                                                p.57. For consistency with (149-38).

110  33   200 #     A Amantini        Y Pannonia RP                         I
                                                                                By Romans.

110  41   200 401   A Andizetes       Y Pannonia RP                         I
                                                                                By Romans. (Probably limited to Turopolje
                                                                                area S of Zagreb). *{900-27}*

900  61   200 1970  A Aromuni         I N Balkans (not NE BG)               L
                                                                                End date: still there (123-20). Romanized
                                                                                about this time. Pre-Roman linguistic
                                                                                affiliation not given (123-20). Syn with
                                                                                Macedo-Romans early on. Also syn with
                                                                                Tzintzars. Mostly assimilated but a few
                                                                                pockets left at least in YU.

110  36   200 300   A Azali           U Pannonia RP                         I
                                                                                By Romans.

900 107   200 400   A Balts           B {Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia  L
                                        & S Lithuania, see map 21a (6);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. + Latvia,
                                        Lithuania, see map 21a (9);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} - {Lower Vistula
                                        area.} *{900-105}
                                        - {38-17}*                              Acc/to (38-17).

369   8   200 300   A Batini          G Area betw Elbe & Nysa RR, around    L
                                        Meissen, Bautzen, & Goerlitz, DDR.
                                                                                At time of Roman Empire at greatest
                                                                                extent; Much calls them Batinoi.

369   2   200 300   A Biessi          U Area betw Rzeszow & Przemysl, W of  L
                                        San R in Galicia region of SE PL.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

369   5   200 300   A Bodini          U Rastavica R area, betw Kazatin &    L
                                        Belaja, (SW of Kiev), SU.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

369   6   200 300   A Buguntae        U Warta R area around Poznan, PL      L
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

 27 183   200 350   A Caledonians     U Scotland                            I
                                                                                Date changed to conform to (11-154). By
                                                                                Scoti.

369   7   200 300   A Calucones       U Elbe & Mulde RR area due E of       L
                                        Halle, DDR.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

900 287   200 #     A Carpi           P E Carpathian Mts                    M
                                                                                Acc/to (110-45) and other sources. Due to
                                                                                disturbance by Goths. From Upper Tisza R.
                                                                                *{900-286}*

900 288   200 284   A Carpi           P {E Carpathian Mts} *{900-287}*      L
                                                                                Acc/to (110-45) and (40-103).

900 514   200 #     A Chattuarii      G {Xanthen including areas to the     M
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede.} *{2-17}*
                                                                                Necessary to locate them at (2-17) (which
                                                                                is also corroborated by R. Much). Date is
                                                                                a pure guess. From area between Upper Ems
                                                                                and Upper Ruhr RR. *{900-513}*

  2  17   200 450   A Chattuarii      G Xanthen including areas to the      L
                                        right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau
                                        around Duisburg & Menden, & the
                                        Hettergau around Herbede.
                                                                                Start date pure guess, to conform to (900-
                                                                                514). They amalgamated with the Franks.

110  38   200 250   A Colapiani       Y Nr Siscia (mod. Sisak on Sava R,    I
                                        YU; Pannonia RP)
                                                                                By Romans. (Location given in next
                                                                                unabstracted ref in same book, p.141.)

900 338   200 250   A Cornacates      K {E Slavonia (Danube basin, Sotin)}  I
                                        *{46-32}*
                                                                                By Romans. Acc/to (110-42).

 11  29   200 300   A Costobocci      G Lower Danube R                      L
                                                                                Lived among Sarmatians.

 32  31   200 550   A Croats          S Sea of Azov                         L
                                                                                End date to conform to (32-32), but it is
                                                                                not clearly stated that they stayed nr
                                                                                Azov that long. Author thinks they may
                                                                                originally have been Iranian. (Here left
                                                                                them as Slavic).

 40  87   200 #     A Dacians         P Dacia RP                            S
                                                                                From area in ROM outside of Dacia RP. 12K
                                                                                in response to Germanic pressure.

900 527   200 450   A Euthungi        G {N of Danube betw Regensburg &      L
                                        Guenzburg; E of Regnitz R.}; see
                                        Abb 69, p.343. *{191-10}*
                                                                                Acc/to (191-10). Some authors consider
                                                                                them descended from Eudoses (see (191-2)).

900 796   200 300   A Finno-Ugrians   F {N SU incl Estonia & Latvia, & C    E
                                        SU betw Volga & Don RR, see map
                                        22a (7); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'.} - {SF,
                                        Estonia, Latvia, N SU & Oka R
                                        area, see map 21a(2);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} *{391-5}
                                        - {390-2}*                              From SF, Estonia, Latvia, N SU & Oka R
                                                                                area, see map 21a(2); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                                                                Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. *{390-2}* To
                                                                                conform to (390-2) and (391-5). This
                                                                                clearly refers to a mixture of Finnic and
                                                                                Ugric tribes, not the Finno-Ugric
                                                                                ancestors. These may have to be recoded
                                                                                later with a letter other than F, to
                                                                                distinguish them from the Finnic and Ugric
                                                                                branches (their descendants).

391   5   200 400   N Finno-Ugrians   F N SU incl Estonia & Latvia, & C SU  L
                                        betw Volga & Don RR, see map 22a
                                        (7); 'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Authors refer to 'Finno-Ugrian Inhabitants
                                                                                Culture'. I have used 'Finno-Ugrians' for
                                                                                the gens name. This clearly refers to a
                                                                                mixture of Finnic and Ugric tribes, not
                                                                                the Finno-Ugric ancestors. These may have
                                                                                to be recoded later with a
                                                                                letter other than F, to distinguish them
                                                                                from the Finnic and Ugric branches (their
                                                                                descendants). Start date interpolated
                                                                                between (390-2) and this record.

201   5   200 400   A Finns           F Into interior SW SF along Kumo RV.  E
                                        Toward Tampere & S Haeme. Also
                                        Vaasa hinterland.
                                                                                From SF SW coast.

199   1   200 375   A Germanics       G Area betw Elbe & Oder RR also       L
                                        Pomerania (Pomorza) (GDR + FRG).
                                                                                These tribes were not reported by
                                                                                historians. There is a marked diminution
                                                                                of the population in middle & E of area,
                                                                                presumably due to emigration but it is not
                                                                                recorded whereto this went. Author
                                                                                mentions the possibility of shifts to W
                                                                                Mecklenburg. However, see (179-22).

 11  55   200 230   N Goths           G NW of Black Sea State between       E
                                        Carpathians, Don R, Vistula R, Sea
                                        of Azov, centered on lower Dnepr R.
                                                                                From the marshes nr Azov Sea. *{900-488}*

900 489   200 240   N Goths           G {NW of Black Sea State between      L
                                        Carpathians, Don R, Vistula R, Sea
                                        of Azov, centered on lower Dnepr
                                        R.} *{11-55}*
                                                                                For consistency with (11-55) & (110-49).

169  46   200 300   A Huns            M S Russian steppes                   W
                                                                                From Central Asia.

 38  17   200 #     A Prussians (Old) B Lower Vistula area                  M
                                                                                From Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia & S
                                                                                Lithuania, see map 21a (6); "Archeologicky
                                                                                Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska". + Latvia,
                                                                                Lithuania, see map 21a (9); "Archeologicky
                                                                                Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska". *{900-
                                                                                105}* Taken over from Goths.

900 108   200 1288  A Prussians (Old) B {Lower Vistula area} *{38-17}*      L
                                                                                Acc/to (38-17).

124  14   200 568   N Romanics        I Nr L Balaton, E of L Balaton up to  L
                                        Co Fejer & between L Balaton &
                                        Drave R.
                                                                                Romanized Celts, Pannonians, Illyrians,
                                                                                etc. Start date: guess (200 years
                                                                                following Roman occupation); end date:
                                                                                exodus of majority with Lombards (133-50).

901  60   200 550   N Romano-British  I England                             L
                                                                                Start date: 250 years since Roman
                                                                                occupation. End date to conform to (11-
                                                                                148).

369   3   200 300   A Saboci          U Betw San R & Zamosc, Roztoce        L
                                        region, SE PL.
                                                                                At time of greatest extent of Roman Empire.

110  40   200 400   A Serapilli       Y Area of Iovia (mod. Ludbreg,        I
                                        Croatia, YU) S of Drava R
                                        (Pannonia RP)
                                                                                Celticized tribe. By Romans. Location from
                                                                                next unabstracted ref p.141, in same book.

110  39   200 250   A Serretes        U Poetovio, Pannonia RP (mod. Ptuj,   I
                                        YU)
                                                                                End date: conservative guess. By Romans.

110  34   200 250   A Sirmiensi       U Sirmium, Pannonia RP (mod. Srem     I
                                        Mitrovica, YU)
                                                                                End date: conservative guess. By Romans.

369   9   200 300   A Teuriochaemae   K Thueringerwald region, betw Saale   L
                                        & Werra RR, SW DDR.
                                                                                At time of Roman Empire at greatest
                                                                                extent; Munch thinks they are synonymous
                                                                                with Teurii & Taurisci.

391   7   200 450   N Zarubincy       U E Belorussia, N Ukraine & Upper     L
                                        Desna R area, see map 22a (9);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Authors refer to "Late Zarubincy Monument
                                                                                Culture"; I have used Zarubincy for the
                                                                                gens name. Assumed by some to have been
                                                                                early Slavs. However recent sources, e.g.
                                                                                Vana: World of Ancient Slavs and Struve in
                                                                                Bernhard & Kandler-Palsson
                                                                                question whether Zarubincy are Slavs. An
                                                                                apparent contraction from (390-6), but
                                                                                population movement not firm enough to
                                                                                warrant a separate contraction record.
                                                                                Start date compromise with (390-6). End
                                                                                date compromise with (169-101).

376   1   208 210   N Romans          I L Ness area, Scotland               A
                                                                                Led by Septimus Severus against Caledonian
                                                                                inhabitants. From Falerii, Tarquinii &
                                                                                Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex.
                                                                                p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                                                                SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus,
                                                                                & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                                                                Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World) + N I up to Alps +
                                                                                Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                reocrds list. *{901-41}*
191   1   210 #     N Alamanni        G Main R area                         A
                                                                                From the area betw Main & Danube RR (Abb
                                                                                1). *{189-8}*

 40  88   211 271   N Carpi           P Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                Repeated attacks; from E Carpathian Mts.
                                                                                *{900-288}*

110  48   212 #     N Hasdingi        G Dacia RP (map 28 in Putzger)        A
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}*

 12 165   213 #     N Alamanni        G Agri Decumates between Upper        A
                                        Danube & Middle Rhine R Area of
                                        modern Province of Baden.
                                                                                Former Semnones. From the area betw Main &
                                                                                Danube RR (Abb 1). *{189-8}*

197   4   213 #     N Chatti          G Agri Decumates                      A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

 40  93   225 #     A Alans           R Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From Lower Volga R betw Caucasus & Sea of
                                                                                Azov, & in Pontic Steppes (N of Black
                                                                                Sea). *{900-10}*

 40  92   225 #     A Roxolani        R Dacia RP                            A
                                                                                From the lower Danube R corner + Bey'd
                                                                                area (E of) Banat to Olt R along Danube.
                                                                                *{900-244}* In conjuction with Carpi,
                                                                                Alans, & Goths.

900 604   225 #     A Saxons          G {Lower Saxony, W Mecklenburg, &     E
                                        other areas (area shown in Abb 1
                                        less Holstein, also on 3 islands
                                        at mouth of Elbe R).} *{189-11}*
                                                                                From Holstein, also on 3 islands at mouth
                                                                                of Elbe R. *{12-103}* For consistency with
                                                                                (12-103) & (189-11).

900 605   225 700   A Saxons          G {Holstein also on 3 islands at      L
                                        mouth of Elbe R.} + {Lower Saxony,
                                        W Mecklenburg, & other areas (area
                                        shown in Abb 1 less Holstein, also
                                        on 3 islands at mouth of Elbe R).}
                                        *{12-103} + {900-604}*
                                                                                Acc/to (189-11). End date acc/to (194-27).

180  13   230 389   N Alamanni        G B                                   A
                                                                                From the area betw Main & Danube RR (Abb
                                                                                1). *{189-8}*

 11  56   230 276   A Bastarnae       G {Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr  I
                                        Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.].) + N & C
                                        Moldavia + Dobrugea} *{900-195}*
                                                                                By Goths.

190   5   231 233   N Alamanni        G Germania sup, Raetia RPP            A
                                                                                From the area betw Main & Danube RR (Abb
                                                                                1). *{189-8}*

190   4   231 #     N Chatti          G Germania inf. RP                    A
                                                                                From Eder & Diemel RR, also Fulda + Lahn
                                                                                RR. *{12-177}*

190   6   235 #     N Romans          I Mod. Wuerttemberg                   A
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-41}*
190   7   236 #     N Dacians         P Mid Danube R area                   A
                                                                                From Dobrogea + ROM excl. Dobrogea. *{900-
                                                                                606}*

190   8   236 #     N Sarmatians      R Mid Danube R area                   A
                                                                                From Alfoeld (between Danube & Tisza RR).
                                                                                *{900-239}*

  1  11   238 248   N Carpi           P Dacia & Illyria                     A
                                                                                From E Carpathian Mts. *{900-288}*

  1  10   238 #     N Goths           G Dacia & Illyria                     A
                                                                                From NW of Black Sea State between
                                                                                Carpathians, Don R, Vistula R, Sea of
                                                                                Azov, centered on lower Dnepr R. *{900-
                                                                                489}*

 11  58   238 #     N Goths           G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From NW of Black Sea State between
                                                                                Carpathians, Don R, Vistula R, Sea of
                                                                                Azov, centered on lower Dnepr R. *{900-
                                                                                489}*

  1  24   240 362   N Ostrogoths      G {NW of Black Sea State between      L
                                        Carpathians, Don R, Vistula R, Sea
                                        of Azov, centered on lower Dnepr
                                        R.} *{900-489}* See reference 1
                                        for exact border between
                                        Terwingians (W. Goths) and
                                        Greuthungi (E. Goths).
                                                                                For consistency with (900-489) & (234-5).
                                                                                Fought with Alans. The differentiation of
                                                                                Goths in W & E branches occurred about 240
                                                                                AD. The W branch was first called
                                                                                Terwingians, later Visigoths. The E branch
                                                                                first Greuthungi, then Ostrogoths.
                                                                                We call them by their later names as of
                                                                                240 AD.

110  49   240 #     A Visigoths       G Lower Danube & Olt Limes            Q
                                                                                From NW of Black Sea State between
                                                                                Carpathians, Don R, Vistula R, Sea of
                                                                                Azov, centered on lower Dnepr R. *{900-
                                                                                489}* Partial migration with respect to
                                                                                the entire Gothic population (1-24). The
                                                                                differentiation of Goths in W & E branches
                                                                                occurred about 240 AD. The W branch was
                                                                                first called Terwingians, later Visigoths.
                                                                                The E branch first Greuthungi, then
                                                                                Ostrogoths. We call them by their later
                                                                                names as of 240 AD.

900 490   240 271   A Visigoths       G {Lower Danube & Olt Limes} *{110-   L
                                        49}*
                                                                                Acc/to (11-30) and for consistency with
                                                                                (110-49) & (11-60). The differentiation of
                                                                                Goths in W & E branches occurred about 240
                                                                                AD. The W branch was first called
                                                                                Terwingians, later Visigoths. The E branch
                                                                                first Greuthungi, then Ostrogoths.
                                                                                We call them by their later names as of
                                                                                240 AD.

190  10   248 #     N Carpi           P Moesia & Thrace RPP                 A
                                                                                From E Carpathian Mts. *{900-288}*

190  12   248 #     N Gepidae         G Moesia & Thrace                     A
                                                                                From the Vistula-Nogat Delta. *{12-1}*

 40  90   248 249   N Hasdingi        G Moesia RP                           A
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}*

 11  87   248 270   N Hasdingi        G Pannonian plain                     M
                                                                                From S PL, S Posen, Congress PL, Galicia,
                                                                                and the largest part of Silesia. - Silesia
                                                                                (largest part; see {6-3}). *{900-547}* End
                                                                                date acc/to (110-53). (H. Schreiber, Die
                                                                                Vandalen, has them stay in Rumania, area
                                                                                of the Costobocci, before
                                                                                Pannonia.)

900 548   248 400   A Hasdingi        G {Pannonian plain} *{11-87}*         L
                                                                                For consistency with (11-87) & (11-90).

 12   9   248 377   N Taifali         G Dacia area of Banat & Lesser        L
                                        Valachia.
                                                                                Not a numerous people. Not explicit where
                                                                                they came from. May have arrived with
                                                                                Visigoths. End date acc/to (12-12).

190   9   248 #     N Visigoths       G Moesia & Thrace                     A
                                                                                From the lower Danube & Olt Limes. *{900-
                                                                                490}* The differentiation of Goths in W &
                                                                                E branches occurred about 240 AD. The W
                                                                                branch was first called Terwingians, later
                                                                                Visigoths. The E branch first Greuthungi,
                                                                                then Ostrogoths. We call
                                                                                them by their later names as of 240 AD.

234  34   250 375   A Alans           R Upper Don & Donets RR               E
                                                                                A Sarmatian tribe. Acquired numerous other
                                                                                tribal elements, incl Antes (Slavs),
                                                                                Ossetians (Caucasians), etc. From Lower
                                                                                Volga R betw Caucasus & Sea of Azov, & in
                                                                                Pontic Steppes (N of Black Sea). *{900-10}*

901 208   250 375   A Alans           R {Lower Volga R betw Caucasus & Sea  L
                                        of Azov, & in Pontic Steppes (N of
                                        Black Sea).}  + {Upper Don &
                                        Donets RR} *{900-9} + {234-34}*

 12  95   250 #     A Angles          G Unstrut R area (nr. Leipzig)        S
                                                                                Dates unclear, used Krueger (Die
                                                                                Germanen). From Angeln area in Schleswig.
                                                                                *{900-29}*

900  32   250 #     A Angles          G Dutch coast                         S
                                                                                From Angeln area in Schleswig. *{900-29}*
                                                                                *Location information acc/to (12-88).*

900  33   250 450   A Angles          G {Dutch coast} *{900-32}*            L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-32).

192   3   250 288   N Burgundians     G Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R &  M
                                        Kocher.
                                                                                In late 4th C 80K warriors. From W. limit
                                                                                Flaeming Region & Mulde R with Duebener
                                                                                Heide, S: Lausitz & Sudeten Mts, E: Bobr
                                                                                R, N: Warta Lowlands & forested slopes of
                                                                                Mecklenburg Hills, also Schorfheide and S
                                                                                Uckermark. (See map 6/8, Westermanns
                                                                                Hausatlas.) *{900-479}*

 12  45   250 290   A Burgundians     G Black Sea                           Q
                                                                                From Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map 6,
                                                                                ref 16). *{900-477}*  Small part of the
                                                                                population that had remained were
                                                                                vanquished by Gepids, and started
                                                                                wandering. Were destroyed
                                                                                at Black Sea by ?

900 478   250 451   A Burgundians     G {Main & Neckar RR area nr Jagst R   L
                                        & Kocher.} *{192-3}*
                                                                                To conform with (192-3) and ref 12.

 12  24   250 267   N E. Heruli       G Sea of Azov                         Q
                                                                                From S: Smaland, Halland, Blekinge. *{12-
                                                                                23}*

900 560   250 375   A E. Heruli       G {Sea of Azov} *{12-24}*             L
                                                                                For consistency with (12-24) & (11-66).

900 564   250 269   A Gepidae         G {North Dacia in wooded &            M
                                        mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                        Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                        Uzgorod & Chust.)} *{12-2}*
                                                                                From Vistula-Nogat Delta. *{12-1}* Start
                                                                                date for consistency with (12-1). End date
                                                                                acc/to (12-2).

 12   2   250 340   N Gepidae         G North Dacia in wooded &             L
                                        mountainous areas, neighbors of W.
                                        Goths. (W corner of Ukraine, betw
                                        Uzgorod & Chust.)
                                                                                End date acc/to (110-63).

901  81   250 1000  A Nenets          O {Taiga of W Siberia where S group   L
                                        of Vogul now live or even further
                                        S, but N of 57} *{41-8}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-80); end
                                                                                date to conform to (901-82). Dates reflect
                                                                                breakup of Samoyeds into N & S groups
                                                                                acc/to ref 41, but we have no dates for
                                                                                breakup of N Samoyeds into Nenets, Enets,
                                                                                & Nganasan.

 12  89   250 #     A Varini          G Dutch coast                         M
                                                                                From Barvithsysael in Jutland. *{12-86}*

900 592   250 540   A Varini          G {Dutch coast} *{12-89}*             L
                                                                                For consistency with (12-89), (12-92), &
                                                                                (12-96).

 12  32   250 280   A W. Heruli       G Lower Rhine R (NL)                  Q
                                                                                For consistency with (12-23). From S:
                                                                                Smaland, Halland, Blekinge. *{12-23}* Ref
                                                                                11 says they were the larger portion of
                                                                                the Heruli.

900 558   250 500   A W. Heruli       G {Lower Rhine R (NL)} *{12-32}*      L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-32). End date by
                                                                                implication acc/to (11-132).


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