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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

 40  68  -148 #     N Romans          I S coast of Thrace                   E
                                                                                Source includes Macedonia, but (46-22)
                                                                                already refers to it. From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas). +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R,
                                                                                Ager Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-24}*
901  25  -148 -123  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (40-68); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (53-31).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-24} + {40-
                                        68}*

143  52  -135 #     N Scordisci       K Thrace                              A
                                                                                From Morava RV, Belgrade, also area
                                                                                between mouth of Drave R & Iron Gate *{900-
                                                                                982}*

 53  31  -123 #     N Romans          I Balearics                           E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-25}*
901  26  -123 -121  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (53-31); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (225-17).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-25} + {53-
                                        31}*

 27 170  -121 #     N Romans          I RP Narbonensis including Massalia   E
                                        (Marseilles)
                                                                                Dates from (225-17) & Putzger. Drove Celts
                                                                                away to Isere RV (acc/to (225-17)). From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici.
                                                                                Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                                                                Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria
                                                                                up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S
                                                                                (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir
                                                                                RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-26}*
901  28  -121 -74   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (27-170); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (901-27).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-26} + {27-
                                        170}*

 12  66  -120 #     A Ambrones        G Bohemia up Elbe R to Saxony,        A
                                        crossed Ore Mts. into Bohemia.
                                                                                Cimbri, Teutones, Ambrones travelled in
                                                                                concert for a long time. They left from N
                                                                                Frisian Isl. & Dithmarschen + Jutland (DK)
                                                                                (and surrounding areas) because of
                                                                                presumed catastrophic tidal floods in the
                                                                                2nd C BC. *{900-23}* They are repulsed
                                                                                by Boii in Bohemia.

 12  64  -120 #     A Cimbri          G Bohemia up Elbe R to Saxony,        A
                                        crossed Ore Mts. into Bohemia.
                                                                                Cimbri, Teutones, Ambrones travelled in
                                                                                concert for a long time. They left Jutland
                                                                                and surrounding areas because of presumed
                                                                                catastrophic tidal floods in the 2nd C BC.
                                                                                They are repulsed by Boii in Bohemia.

 12 125  -120 -100  A Suebi           G Hesse District so far settled by    M
                                        Celtic Boii and Helvetii, also
                                        facing Celtic Vindelici.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-123). From N D, W
                                                                                half of Niederlausitz, province of Saxony
                                                                                near Halle, Thuringia, Kingdom of Saxony.
                                                                                *{12-122}*

900 532  -120 -72   A Suebi           G {Hesse District so far settled by   L
                                        Celtic Boii and Helvetii, also
                                        facing Celtic Vindelici.} *{12-
                                        125}*
                                                                                To conform to (12-125) & (183-2).

 12  65  -120 #     A Teutones        G Bohemia up Elbe R to Saxony,        A
                                        crossed Ore Mts. into Bohemia.
                                                                                Cimbri, Teutones, Ambrones travelled in
                                                                                concert for a long time. They left
                                                                                Schleswig-Holstein and surrounding areas
                                                                                because of presumed catastrophic tidal
                                                                                floods in the 2nd C BC. They are repulsed
                                                                                by Boii in Bohemia.

 12  70  -114 #     A Ambrones        G Bosnia & Serbia along lower Sava R  A
                                        up to Morava R.
                                                                                From N. Frisian Isl. & Dithmarschen +
                                                                                Jutland (DK). *{900-23}*

 12  68  -114 #     A Cimbri          G Bosnia & Serbia along lower Save R  A
                                        up to Morava R.
                                                                                From Jutland. Repulsed by Scordisci.

132   6  -114 #     N Cimbri          G W H                                 A
                                                                                From Jutland, repulsed by (? Boii,
                                                                                Taurisci).

 27 110  -114 #     N Scordisci       K Delphi                              A
                                                                                From Balkans.

 12  69  -114 #     A Teutones        G Bosnia & Serbia along lower Save R  A
                                        up to Morava R.
                                                                                From Schleswig-Holstein.

900 470  -113 -109  A Ambrones        G Miltenberg (S of Main R in D) (see  Q
                                        ref 182, Abb 51).
                                                                                Acc/to (12-63), (182-22). End date acc/to
                                                                                (12-66).

900 469  -113 -102  N Ambrones        G S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, +     W
                                        Noricum, Gaul. (See ref 182, Abb
                                        51.)
                                                                                From N Frisian Isl. & Dithmarschen +
                                                                                Jutland (DK) (via Bohemia & Save-Drave
                                                                                area). *{900-23}*

 11  10  -113 #     N Cimbri          G Noreia Roman fortress in            A
                                        Carinthia, A.
                                                                                Defeated the Romans. From Jutland.

900 468  -113 -101  N Cimbri          G S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, +     W
                                        Noricum, Gaul, and Spain. (See ref
                                        182, Abb 51.)
                                                                                Coming from Jutland via Bohemia & Save-
                                                                                Drave area.

900 471  -113 -102  N Teutones        G {S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, +    W
                                        Noricum, Gaul. (See ref 182, Abb
                                        51.)} *{900-469}*
                                                                                From Schleswig-Holstein via Bohemia & Save-
                                                                                Drave area.

234  40  -110 -106  N Pontus          H Kingdom of the Bosporus(Cherson,    C
                                        Panticapaeum). This is not the
                                        Bosporus at Constantinople but
                                        that closing off Sea of Azov.
                                                                                From AM: S shore of Black Sea. *{234-39}*

 46  29  -109 -106  N Scordisci       K Macedonia RP                        A
                                                                                From Morava RV, Belgrade, also area
                                                                                between mouth of Drave R & Iron Gate *{900-
                                                                                982}*

182  23  -105 -102  N Ambrones        G RP Belgica                          A
                                                                                From Noreia, Roman fortress in Carinthia,
                                                                                A. + S.W.D., land of the Helvetii. (See
                                                                                records (11-10) and (12-73).) They didn't
                                                                                settle here. Next found in RP Narbonensis
                                                                                (182-24). (See pg.202.)

900 472  -105 -102  N Teutones        G {RP Belgica} *{182-23}*             A
                                                                                From S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, +
                                                                                Noricum, Gaul. (See ref 182, Abb 51.)
                                                                                *{900-471}*

182  24  -102 #     N Ambrones        G RP Narbonensis                      A
                                                                                From RP Belgica *{182-23}*. (See pg. 202.)
                                                                                Defeated and destroyed by Romans.

 11  13  -102 #     N Teutones        G Aix-en-Provence (F)                 A
                                                                                From S.W.D., land of the Helvetii +
                                                                                Noricum, Gaul. (See ref 182, Abb 51.).
                                                                                *{900-471}*

 11  14  -101 #     N Cimbri          G Vercelli (Piedmont, I)              A
                                                                                Defeated and destroyed by Romans. From
                                                                                S.W.D., land of the Helvetii, + Noricum,
                                                                                Gaul, and Spain. (See ref 182, Abb 51.)
                                                                                *{900-468}*

349   6  -100 1     A Alauni          K Area N of Salzburg, A including SE  L
                                        corner D.

900  20  -100 -25   A Amantini        Y Sirmian Save RV * (Note to          L
                                        digitizers: For this * * tribe and
                                        other Illyrian * * tribes, consult
                                        map 1 in * * ref 165 for
                                        locations.) *
                                                                                Acc/to (46-35).

349   5  -100 1     A Ambisonti       K Alps S of Salzburg, A               L

132  11  -100 #     A Anartii         K NE tip of N H, see map              M
                                                                                From area around L. Balaton, H.

231   6  -100 #     A Astures         K Asturias & Leon                     L

900  93  -100 200   A Azali           U E Lower A + W of Fejer & Tolna Cos  L
                                        + Danube knee.
                                                                                Acc/to (133-5), (110-19), (132-16). But
                                                                                note Azali (called Asaler in ref 133) are
                                                                                designated Illyrian in ref 132 (133-5).

900 508  -100 -57   A Batavi          G Batavia Isl. Island defined by      M
                                        branch of Waal R which in Roman
                                        times was located nr Cleve. N
                                        border by crooked Old Rhine, S
                                        border by Waal R and then after
                                        its junction with the Maas, nr
                                        Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem), the
                                        continuation
                                        of the two streams, known as the        Acc/to (187-11), from unknown area. Could
                                        Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the       be from Middle & Upper Ruhr R since they
                                        Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth      are believed a branch of the Chatti acc/to
                                        below Brielle. Some of the              (12-178). *{12-176}* End date to conform
                                        Batavians also lived S beyond Waal      to (180-11).
                                        R.

900 509  -100 400   A Batavi          G {Batavia Isl. Island defined by     L
                                        branch of Waal R which in Roman
                                        times was located nr Cleve. N
                                        border by crooked Old Rhine, S.
                                        border by Waal R and then after
                                        its junction with the Maas, nr
                                        Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem), the
                                        continuation
                                        of the two streams, known as the        Start date acc/to (180-11). Location
                                        Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the       acc/to (12-178). End date to conform to
                                        Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth      (12-185). Population estimate is 525K
                                        below Brielle. Some of the              people acc/to (180-11).
                                        Batavians also lived S beyond Waal
                                        R.} *{900-508}*

349   4  -100 1     A Brigantes       K Area around Bregenz, on SE coast L  L
                                        Constance, A.
                                                                                Unlikely that they are related to tribe of
                                                                                same name in N England (44-18).

231   7  -100 1     A Cantabri        K N Coast betw Villaviciosa & Castro- L
                                        Urdiales (E).

 27 162  -100 -75   A Cantii          K Betw S & W of Ardennes, B and the   L
                                        mouth of the Seine R
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess based on
                                                                                ref. End date to conform to (27-164).

231  16  -100 50    A Carpetani       U Toledo,part of Madrid&Guadalajara   L
                                        regions (E).
                                                                                Iberians.

349   3  -100 1     N Cattenati       K nr Bad Toelz, Bavaria, D            L

 27 163  -100 -75   A Catuvellauni    K {Betw S & W of Ardennes, B and the  L
                                        mouth of the Seine R} *{27-162}*
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess based on
                                                                                ref. End date to conform to (27-165).

 27 168  -100 1     A Celts           K N I                                 I
                                                                                By Romans.

165  25  -100 -1    A Cerauni         Y E Dalmatia RP area of Kresevo &     L
                                        Fojnice, under jurisdiction of
                                        Narona (Vid nr Metkovic).
                                                                                Dates chosen to bracket establishment of
                                                                                Dalmatia RP.

355   2  -100 1     N Ceutrones       U E of Haute-Savoie area, S of L      L
                                        Geneva, around Chamonix-Mont-Blanc
                                        (Alpes Pennines).
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

 12 177  -100 #     N Chatti          G Eder & Diemel RR also Fulda + Lahn  M
                                        RR.
                                                                                From Middle & Upper Ruhr R. *{12-176}*
                                                                                Fulda + Lahn RR added to conform to later
                                                                                refs (e.g. (186-3)).

900 507  -100 700   A Chatti          G {Eder & Diemel RR also Fulda +      L
                                        Lahn RR.} *{12-177}*
                                                                                Summary of several refs (183-16), (189-6),
                                                                                (186-3), (187-17), (197-6). End date very
                                                                                problematical (see (197-8)). Probably
                                                                                became Hessians (see (189-6)). Assimilated
                                                                                in Frankish Empire.

187  14  -100 400   A Cherusci        G Betw Teutoburger Forest & Harz Mts  L
                                        on both sides of middle Weser R &
                                        Leine R. N boundary is Steinhuder
                                        Meer (a lake) & S boundary is
                                        Muenden (acc/to (12-119)).
                                                                                End date acc/to (194-29). Joined Saxon
                                                                                Federation.

349   2  -100 1     N Cosuaneti       K Area around Freising, Bavaria, D    L

900 954  -100 -50   A Durobrigi       K B                                   L
                                                                                To conform to (900-954) and (27-166). Part
                                                                                of Belgae.

349   7  -100 1     N Estioni         K Area around Kempten, Bavaria, D     L

 16   1  -100 400   A Goths           G Oester- & Vaestergoetland & Island  L
                                        of Gotland.
                                                                                End date acc/to (205-6). Not all left to
                                                                                go to Gothi-Scandza. In ref 1 they are
                                                                                called Amali while still in SCA.

132  10  -100 50    A Hercuniatae     K Transdanubia: between Sio R &       L
                                        Mecsek Mts, H
                                                                                End date conservative; same as applied to
                                                                                other tribes from map in ref 132. Not
                                                                                certain whether they were Celts. Ref 165
                                                                                (KELTOI catalogue) lists them as Pannonian
                                                                                (Celtic?) but ref 132 as K.

 12 124  -100 400   A Hermunduri      G Thuringia Oldest seats of these     L
                                        people are found between the
                                        Thuringian Forest, the Ore Mts,
                                        the Harz, & the Black Elster R.
                                        Area of settlement proper lay N of
                                        line from Eisenach to Dresden.
                                                                                The former Suebi. End date acc/to (195-3).

 53   7  -100 -1    N Iberians        U Ref says betw Segura & Rodano RR    I
                                        toward the interior, possibly up
                                        to the Iberian Mt range, but we
                                        shall use equivalent area of S & E
                                        Iberia (see map 2, Harrison: Spain
                                        at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                        portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne
                                        & Cevennes(= (900-991)).                By Romans.

 44  14  -100 60    A Iceni           K Norfolk, England                    L
                                                                                Dates are conservative bound around date
                                                                                of 50 BC cited in ref. See also map 26 in
                                                                                Geipel: The Europeans. E states that
                                                                                Romans crushed them in 60 AD.

 13  16  -100 #     A Jastorf         G {C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.    T
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50). + Up to
                                        Persante (Parseta in PL) R. +
                                        Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka in
                                        PL) R.} - Area W of Oder R
                                        *{{900-466} - Area W of Oder R}*        To That part of [C & E Mecklenburg areas
                                                                                betw L. Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                                                                Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R (hatching 5 in
                                                                                Abb 50). + Up to Persante (Parseta in PL)
                                                                                R. + Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka in
                                                                                PL) R.] W of Oder R. *{901-126}*

901 126  -100 -1    A Jastorf         G That part of {C & E Mecklenburg     L
                                        areas betw L. Schwerin and Oder R.
                                        Also across Oder R up to Ina
                                        (Ihna) R (hatching 5 in Abb 50). +
                                        Up to Persante (Parseta in PL) R.}
                                        + {Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka
                                        in PL) R.} W of Oder R.
                                        *{{900-466} W of Oder R}*

322   2  -100 1     A Jews            E Rome, I (and surrounding areas,     S
                                        see Atlas of Jewish World p. 25)
                                                                                From Palestine. End date from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.

900 840  -100 1     A Jews            E {Rome, I (and surrounding areas,    L
                                        see Atlas of Jewish World p. 25)}
                                        *{322-2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (322-2) and (900-841).

352  21  -100 1     A Latovices       K Area around L Bodensee              L
                                                                                According to map legend, 'Pure Celts.'

356   5  -100 -50   N Lemovices       K Dordogne R area of Auvergne         L
                                        region, F.
                                                                                Start date arbitrary. Undoubtedly there
                                                                                much longer. Language code not certain.

355   9  -100 1     N Lepontii        U Lepontine Alps, I & CH              L
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe. Earlier found
                                                                                farther S (26-7). No mention of movement.
                                                                                Could they have produced the Golasecca
                                                                                culture (389-5)?

349   8  -100 1     N Likatici        K Area nr Kaufbeuren, Bavaria, D      L

  9  24  -100 #     A Lombards        G Coast of Jutland (ref (5-14) says   M
                                        N coast).
                                                                                From Schonen (southernmost peninsula of
                                                                                Sweden, E of Malmoe). Called Vinnili at
                                                                                that time.

900 515  -100 -50   A Lombards        G {Coast of Jutland (ref (5-14) says  L
                                        N coast).} *{9-24}*
                                                                                For consistency with (9-24) and (182-5).

165  52  -100 -1    A Maezaei         Y Mining area betw Sana & Bosna RR    L
                                        (Bosnia & Hercegovina, YU).

 12 180  -100 -55   A Menapii         K Batavia Isl. Island defined by      L
                                        branch of Waal R which in Roman
                                        times was located nr Cleve. N.
                                        border by crooked Old Rhine, S.
                                        border by Waal R and then after
                                        its junction with the Maas, nr
                                        Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem), the
                                        continuation
                                        of the two streams, known as the        End date acc/to (12-181).
                                        Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the
                                        Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth
                                        below Brielle.

901  95  -100 1     A Mid Iron Age    U S SCA                               L
                                                                                For consistency with (170-6). Dates
                                                                                conservative.

180   5  -100 1     N Morini          K Yser (Ijser) R basin, B             L
                                                                                Dates approximate around Caesar's time.
                                                                                One of the tribes of the Belgae.
                                                                                Population estimate for (180-5) through
                                                                                (180-11) (but excl (180-8)) is 525 K
                                                                                people.

355   7  -100 1     N Nantuates       U Berner Alps area, near immediately  L
                                        S of E L Geneva, around Aigle, on
                                        Rhone R, CH.
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

 12 133  -100 -61   A Nemetes         G N Baden nr Neckar R, D              L
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess. End date
                                                                                to conform to (12-136). Celticized
                                                                                Germanic tribe.

180   7  -100 1     N Nervi           K S Brabant, Hainaut, B               L
                                                                                Dates approximate around Caesar's time.
                                                                                One of the tribes of the Belgae.
                                                                                Population estimate for (180-5) through
                                                                                (180-11) (but excl (180-8)) is 525 K
                                                                                people. Refs (352-15) & (361-19) refer to
                                                                                them as mixed with Germanics.

 13  14  -100 450   A Przeworsk       U Oder & Vistula RR & Volhynia, nr.   L
                                        Kiev. See Fig 4, or better, p. 17
                                        in Vana: World of Ancient Slavs.
                                        (Also include E H, acc/to (13-35)
                                        and Vana map)
                                                                                Part of Brandgrubengraeberkultur. Assumed
                                                                                by some to have been early Slavs, but
                                                                                others believe there was a Germanic
                                                                                component.

 44  15  -100 50    A Regni           K Sussex, England                     L
                                                                                Dates are conservative bound around date
                                                                                of 50 BC cited in ref. See also map 26 in
                                                                                Geipel: The Europeans.

349   1  -100 1     N Rucinati        K Area bounded by Ingolstadt,         L
                                        Regensburg, & Straubing, Bavaria, D

900 594  -100 #     A Rugii           G Posterior Pomerania (See            Q
                                        Hinterpommern on map p.83,
                                        Putzger.)
                                                                                Compromise between dates & localities of
                                                                                (12-15), (12-16), (16-4). From S S. *{12-
                                                                                14}*

 12  16  -100 350   A Rugii           G Posterior Pomerania                 L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-594) & (12-17).

355   3  -100 1     N Salassi         U Area around Aosta, Alpes Pennines,  L
                                        I.
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

173  30  -100 300   N Sarmatians      R ROM                                 C
                                                                                From area S & E SU & E R, betw Siret and
                                                                                Urals, see map 20a (19); 'Archeologicky
                                                                                Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. *{389-18}*

165  73  -100 #     A Scordisci       K C Pannonia RP                       Q
                                                                                Lesser Scordisci from (165-72), part of
                                                                                tribe.

165  72  -100 -50   A Scordisci       K The part of (900-982) (Morava RV,   I
                                        Belgrade, also area betw Mouth of
                                        Drave R & Iron Gate)that is E of
                                        Morava R
                                                                                Lesser Scordisci, by Moesi, Triballi &
                                                                                Thracians.

132   9  -100 -88   A Scordisci       K {Morava RV, Belgrade, also area     L
                                        betw Mouth of Drave R & Iron
                                        Gate}- {E of Morava R} *{900-
                                        982} - {165-72}*
                                                                                For end date see (132-15).

355   5  -100 1     N Seduni          U Berner Alps area, near Sion, on     L
                                        Rhone R, CH.
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

 12 187  -100 -55   A Sugambri        G Rt bank of Rhine R Across from      L
                                        them were the Eburoni, on both
                                        sides of the Maas R, W of Cologne.
                                        They were bounded on the S by the
                                        Ubii between the Main R & the
                                        Westerwald plus a region N of
                                        Lippe R. (See Abb 52 following
                                        p.192, ref 182.)
                                                                                25-30K people. End date to conform to (12-
                                                                                188).

132  12  -100 #     A Taurisci        K NE tip of N H, see map              Q
                                                                                From Pannonia RP *{110-31}*

 12 194  -100 -58   A Tencteri        G Modern Upper Hesse, N of Main R     L
                                                                                End date to conform to (12-189).

355  10  -100 1     N Tigurini        K L Neuchatel area, CH                L
                                                                                A Helvetian tribe according to Geipel.

 46   8  -100 -30   N Triballi        P Betw lower S Morava & Isker RR      I
                                                                                By mixture of Y, K, P, I in area.

231  13  -100 50    A Turduli         U C & S Andalusia (E)                 L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

355   6  -100 1     N Uberi           U Berner Alps area, near Brig, on     L
                                        Rhone R, CH.
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

 12 207  -100 -58   A Ubii            G Betw Rhine & Main RR & Westerwald   L
                                        (S neighbors of Sugambri)
                                                                                End date for consistency with (12-208).

 12 193  -100 -58   A Usipii          G Modern Upper Hesse, N of Main R     L
                                                                                End date to conform to (12-188).

231  14  -100 50    A Vaccaei         U N Old Castile (E)                   L
                                                                                Iberians (? text not entirely clear).

  6   2  -100 #     A Vandals         G Bay of Gdansk                       M
                                                                                Crossed East Sea. From N Jutland + Uppland
                                                                                in S. *{170-8} + {6-1}*

900 544  -100 50    A Vandals         G {Bay of Gdansk} *{6-2}*             L
                                                                                To conform to (6-2) & (6-3).

 12  85  -100 50    A Varini          G N                                   L
                                                                                Dates are guesses.

355   4  -100 1     N Veragri         U Berner Alps area, near Martigny,    L
                                        on Rhone R, CH.
                                                                                Probably Celtic tribe.

231  15  -100 50    A Vettones        U Betw Douro & Guadiana RR (E)        L
                                                                                Iberians (? text not entirely clear).

132  15   -88 #     N Scordisci       K {Morava RV, Belgrade, also area     T
                                        betw Mouth of Drave R & Iron
                                        Gate - E of Morava R} - {Sirmium
                                        (Srem) area, YU} *{132-9} - {900-
                                        983}*
                                                                                To Sirmium (Srem) area YU. *{900-983}*
                                                                                (Ref says N Sirmium but (110-7) says E
                                                                                Sirmium, so left it just Sirmium).

900 983   -88 200   A Scordisci       K Sirmium (Srem) area, YU             L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (132-15).
                                                                                End date acc/to (110-37).

 27 164   -75 #     N Cantii          K Kent, UK                            M
                                                                                From between S & W of Ardennes, B, and the
                                                                                mouth of the Seine R *{27-162}*

900 947   -75 50    A Cantii          K {Kent, UK} *{27-164}*               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-164). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

 27 165   -75 #     N Catuvellauni    K Hertfordshire & Cambridgeshire, UK  M

900 948   -75 50    A Catuvellauni    K {Hertfordshire & Cambridgeshire,    L
                                        UK} *{27-165}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-165). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

901  27   -74 -67   N Romans          I Bithynia, Lycaonia, Cilicia RPP     E
                                                                                Source: map p. 28, Putzger. Dates are
                                                                                those of establishment of RPP. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas). +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41,
                                                                                Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta
                                                                                (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                                                                I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-28}*
901  30   -74 -58   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-27); end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (901-29).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-28} + {901-27}*

182  26   -72 #     A Suebi           G Rhine R (Alsace & W CH)             M
                                                                                From Hesse. District so far settled by
                                                                                Celtic Boii and Helvetii, also facing
                                                                                Celtic Vindelici. *{12-125}*

900 533   -72 -58   A Suebi           G {Rhine R (Alsace & W CH)} *{182-    L
                                        26}*
                                                                                To conform to (182-26) & (182-27).

361  14   -70 200   A Eudoses         G Rt bank of Rhine R between          L
                                        Karlsruhe & Strassbourg (W D).
                                                                                Pure Germanic acc. to map. Part of the
                                                                                Jutes. Map shows Romance-German Linguistic
                                                                                Boundary from Middle Ages-1200. Start date
                                                                                acc/to R. Much, p.97. End date is guess.
                                                                                Some authors claim they gave rise to
                                                                                Euthungi (see (191-2)).

 12 131   -70 -1    A Triboci         G Nr Stuttgart                        L
                                                                                End date to agree with (12-143).

 12 132   -70 -1    A Vangiones       G Hessen-Starkenburg (We can't        L
                                        locate this.)
                                                                                End date to agree with (12-145).

901 219   -68 -65   N Romans          I Crete                               C
                                                                                Sources: Putzger map p. 28 (dated 67 BC),
                                                                                also Ploetz p. 269 (dated 68-65 BC). From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                                                                Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa + more comment -
                                                                                see long record. *{901-30}*
901 220   -68 -58   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-2190; end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (901-29).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-30} + {901-219}*

900 272   -61 -48   A Dacians         P {N Transdanubia, E Alps, S          C
                                        Pannonia & most of Serbia.
                                        Pannonia RP defined by author as N
                                        YU (betw Drava & Sava RR), E A
                                        (Burgenland & Vienna basin), W H
                                        (Transdanubia).} *{110-5}*
                                                                                Area of Scordisci, Boii & Taurisci. 200K
                                                                                army acc/to ref (40-73), (113-9). From E H.

110   5   -61 -48   A Dacians         P N Transdanubia, E Alps, S Pannonia  L
                                        & most of Serbia. Pannonia RP
                                        defined by author as N YU (betw
                                        Drava & Sava RR), E A (Burgenland
                                        & Vienna basin), W H
                                        (Transdanubia).
                                                                                Area of Scordisci, Boii & Taurisci.

 12 136   -61 -9    N Nemetes         G Palatinate centered at Speyer, D    E
                                                                                From N. Baden nr Neckar R, D *{12-133}*
                                                                                Combines information from this ref., (353-
                                                                                16), and (12-144). Celticized Germanic
                                                                                tribe.

900 971   -61 100   A Nemetes         G {Palatinate centered at Speyer, D}  L
                                        + {N. Baden nr Neckar R, D} *{12-
                                        136} + {12-133}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (12-136). End
                                                                                date conservative bound based on (353-16).

900 975   -61 #     N Sequani         K {Franche-Comte, F + Alsace,         T
                                        Palatinate, S-Rhine- Hesse} -
                                        {Alsace, Palatinate, S-Rhine-
                                        Hesse} *{12-134} - {900-974}*
                                                                                To Franche-Comte, F *{356-10}* Displaced
                                                                                by Ariovist.

356  10   -61 -50   N Sequani         K Franche-Comte region, F             L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-975). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and assimilation.

900 602   -61 #     N Triboci         G {Nr Strassbourg} *{12-135}*         Q
                                                                                From area nr Stuttgart. *{12-131}* For
                                                                                consistency with (12-135).

 12 135   -61 100   N Triboci         G Nr Strassbourg                      L
                                                                                End date acc/to (353-17).

900 603   -61 #     N Vangiones       G {Nr Worms, D} *{12-137}*            Q
                                                                                For consistency with (12-137). From Hessen-
                                                                                Starkenburg. (We can't locate this.) *{12-
                                                                                132}*

 12 137   -61 14    A Vangiones       G Nr Worms, D                         L
                                                                                End date acc/to (183-15).

 12  81   -60 -50   N Aduatici        G Maas R                              L
                                                                                These are the remnant of the Cimbre,
                                                                                Teutones & Ambrones left behind to watch
                                                                                booty in Gaul. They escaped destruction of
                                                                                tribe, eventually settled nr Maas R and
                                                                                amalgamated with surrounding Celts to form
                                                                                Aduatuci tribe. Mixed with some
                                                                                Celtic pop.

352   8   -60 100   A Caeroesi        G Eifel Mt area N of Moselle R, W D.  L
                                                                                An 'unmixed' German tribe, according to
                                                                                map legend. End date acc/to (353-21).

352  14   -60 50    A Charudes        G E of Rhine R around Freiburg, SW D. L
                                                                                An 'unmixed' German tribe, according to
                                                                                map legend. End date acc/to (361-13).

352   6   -60 100   A Condrusi        G N foothills of Ardennes Mts, area   L
                                        S & E of Meuse R; around Verviers,
                                        B.
                                                                                An 'unmixed' German tribe, according to
                                                                                map legend. End date acc/to (353-7).

 12 127   -60 #     N Marcomanni      G Bohemia                             A
                                                                                From area betw. Regensburg & Bamberg. *{12-
                                                                                126}* Aided by Dacians. Total Marcomanni
                                                                                pop estimated at 25K men, 125K total.

 12 126   -60 -9    N Marcomanni      G Betw. Regensburg & Bamberg          L
                                                                                End date to conform to (12-138). Descended
                                                                                from part of Suebi (acc/to ref 12). Rest
                                                                                of tribe after departure of main group to
                                                                                Bohemia is called Naristi (acc/to (12-
                                                                                140)).

352   7   -60 100   A Paemani         G E Ardennes area, SE B               L
                                                                                End date acc/to (353-8). An 'unmixed'
                                                                                German tribe, according to map legend.

 12 129   -60 -9    A Quadi           G Area of Fulda, Schwalm, Upper Lahn  L
                                        & Nidda RR, N up to Meissner Mt.
                                        Separated from Cherusci by the
                                        Meissner, Weserberge and the Harz
                                        (Mts). (All on map 12/13,
                                        Westermann's Atlas.)
                                                                                But Caesar calls them Suebi. Descended
                                                                                from part of Suebi (ref 12). End date to
                                                                                conform to (133-11).

352  13   -60 100   A Sedusii         G E of Rhine & S of Neckar RR, NE of  L
                                        Karlsruhe, D.
                                                                                End date is guess. An 'unmixed' German
                                                                                tribe, according to map legend.

356   9   -58 #     N Ambarri         K Rhone & Saone RR area, due W of L   L
                                        Geneva, S Franche-Comte &
                                        Bourgogne region.
                                                                                Language code not certain.

165  95   -58 #     A Boii            K Gaul betw Loire & Allier RR         S
                                        (acc/to E)
                                                                                From {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower A,
                                                                                S of Bohemia and Moravia to Danube R, W H,
                                                                                SW Slovakia} *{900-968}* Not stated but
                                                                                inferred. 'They first went to Noricum,
                                                                                then joined Helvetii.' These may have been
                                                                                a dislodged group after Boii
                                                                                defeat by Dacians. Went there with
                                                                                Helvetii, who were defeated by Caesar and
                                                                                returned to CH, but Boii were resettled by
                                                                                him in this area acc/to E (article on
                                                                                Boii).

178   7   -58 #     N Helvetii        K Gaul (see map ref 356)              A
                                                                                From CH. 368 K emigrants; 110 K returned
                                                                                after being beaten by Cesar.

901 221   -58 #     N Romans          I Cyprus                              C
                                                                                Sources: Putzger map p. 28, also Ploetz
                                                                                page 269. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere,
                                                                                C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                                                                SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                                                                Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa + more comment -
                                                                                see long record. *{901-220}*
901  29   -58 -44   N Romans          I Lugdunensis, Aquitania, Belgica,    E
                                        Germania Superior, Germania
                                        Inferior RPP
                                                                                Sources: Putzger map p. 28, also Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World p. 107 and refs (354-1),
                                                                                (354-2), (27-171), (181-8), and (166-8).
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                                                                Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, &
                                                                                Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa + more comment -
                                                                                see long record. *{901-220}*
901  31   -58 -35   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-29); end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (110-9). In F, 6.7 M
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,       inhabitants. There are 8.5 M during the
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded         Antoninus emperors Charlemagne (768 to
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior        814).
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-30} + {901-29}*

182  27   -58 #     N Suebi           G Neckar R area, E of Rhine           M
                                                                                From Rhine R (Alsace & W CH). *{182-26}*
                                                                                After defeat at Muehlhausen (Alsace) by
                                                                                Romans. Known as Suebi Nicretes (the
                                                                                Neckar Suebi).

 12 189   -58 -55   N Tencteri        G Area N of Lippe R                   M
                                                                                From modern Upper Hesse, N of Main R .
                                                                                *{12-194}* Acc/to (187-7), had been
                                                                                displaced by Suebi from their ancestral
                                                                                homes in 58 BC, almost wiped out
                                                                                subsequently by Caesar while looking for
                                                                                land.

900 571   -58 70    N Tencteri        G {Area N. of Lippe R} *{12-189}*     L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-189). End date
                                                                                acc/to (9-28). Suffered heavy losses at
                                                                                hands of Romans in 55 BC. Merged with
                                                                                Tubanti whose name they assumed. Became
                                                                                part of Franks later.

 12 208   -58 #     N Ubii            G Area of Eburoni N border area of    R
                                        the Cuberni nr Xanthen, S border
                                        along Vinxtbach (the border
                                        between upper & lower D), W border
                                        cities of Zuelpich & Dueren, E
                                        border the Rhine (including city
                                        of Cologne).
                                                                                From area betw Rhine & Main RR &
                                                                                Westerwald (S neighbors of Sugambri). *{12-
                                                                                207}* Resettled by Romans because Suebi
                                                                                attacked Ubii. The Ubii became Romanized
                                                                                quite early.

900 588   -58 100   A Ubii            G {Area of Eburoni N border area of   L
                                        the Cuberni nr Xanthen, S border
                                        along Vinxtbach (the border
                                        between upper & lower D), W border
                                        cities of Zuelpich & Dueren, E
                                        border the Rhine (including city
                                        of Cologne).} *{12-208}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-208). End date
                                                                                approximate. The Ubii became romanized
                                                                                early, partly as a result of the founding
                                                                                of a Roman veteran's colony (Colonia
                                                                                Agrippinensium, the modern Cologne) in
                                                                                their territory in 48 AD. Ref 12 says they
                                                                                later joined Franks who treated them as
                                                                                slaves.

 12 188   -58 -55   N Usipii          G Area N of Lippe R                   M
                                                                                From modern Upper Hesse, N of Main R. *{12-
                                                                                193}* Acc/to (187-6), had been displaced
                                                                                by Suebi from their ancestral homes in 58
                                                                                BC, almost wiped out subsequently by
                                                                                Caesar while looking for land. (Syn. with
                                                                                Usipetes).

900 572   -58 70    A Usipii          G {Area N of Lippe R} *{12-188}*      L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-188). End date
                                                                                acc/to (9-28) for Tencteri. Suffered heavy
                                                                                losses at hands of Romans in 55 BC. Merged
                                                                                with Tubanti whose name they assumed.
                                                                                Became part of Franks later.

143  57   -56 #     N Veneti          K Somerset (Meare, Glastonbury)       S
                                                                                Celts not Veneti from Venice. Came from
                                                                                Bretagne.

900 333   -56 100   A Veneti          K {Somerset (Meare, Glastonbury)}     L
                                        *{143-57}*
                                                                                End date uncertain.

900 976   -55 #     N Menapii         K S & W of Rhine R in NL & N B,       M
                                        except for area N of Rhine betw
                                        Lippe & Fjssel RR. (see Karte 1 in
                                        ref 9)
                                                                                From Batavia Isl. earlier Island defined
                                                                                by branch of Waal R which in Roman times
                                                                                was located nr Cleve. N. border by crooked
                                                                                Old Rhine, S. border by Waal R and then
                                                                                after its junction with the Maas, nr
                                                                                Workum and Gorkum (Gorinchem),
                                                                                the continuation of the two streams, known
                                                                                as the Merwede, from Dordrecht up to the
                                                                                Old Maas R, & then up to its mouth below
                                                                                Brielle. *{12-180}* Acc/to (12-181).

900 977   -55 1     N Menapii         K {S & W of Rhine R in NL & B,        L
                                        except for area N of Rhine betw
                                        Lippe & Fjssel RR. (see Karte 1 in
                                        ref 9)} *{900-976}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-976). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation. Population
                                                                                estimate for (180-5) through (180-11) (but
                                                                                excl (180-8)) is 525 K people.

900 511   -55 #     N Sugambri        G Region N of Lippe R                 T
                                                                                Acc/to (12-188). To rt bank of Rhine R.
                                                                                Across from them were the Eburoni, on both
                                                                                sides of the Maas R, W of Cologne. They
                                                                                were bounded on the S by the Ubii between
                                                                                the Main R & the Westerwald plus a region
                                                                                N of Lippe R. (See Abb 52
                                                                                following p.192, ref 182.) - region N of
                                                                                Lippe R. *{12-190}*

 12 190   -55 14    N Sugambri        G {Rt bank of Rhine R Across from     L
                                        them were the Eburoni, on both
                                        sides of the Maas R, W of Cologne.
                                        They were bounded on the S by the
                                        Ubii between the Main R & the
                                        Westerwald plus a region N of
                                        Lippe R. (See Abb 52 following
                                        p.192, ref
                                        182.)} - region N of Lippe R. *{12-     Start date acc/to (12-188), end date
                                        187} - region N of Lippe R.*            inferred acc/to Abb 62, ref 184. Defeated
                                                                                by Romans in 8 BC and part resettled
                                                                                across Rhine River (900-512) where they
                                                                                were called Cuberni or Cugerni. Another
                                                                                fragment of of the Sugambri were the
                                                                                Marsi (acc/to (12-191)).

 12 197   -55 #     N Tubanti         G Area N of Lippe R                   M
                                                                                Joined Usipii & Tencteri (unknown from
                                                                                where), the offshoot of one of whom they
                                                                                may have been originally. Thereafter the 3
                                                                                tribes are known as Tubanti. Estimate of
                                                                                430K souls must be a great exaggeration.

900 573   -55 400   A Tubanti         G {Area N of Lippe R} *{12-197}*      L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (12-197), end date
                                                                                acc/to (12-198). Merged with Tencteri &
                                                                                Usipii. Later became Franks.

165  43   -52 #     N Iapodi          Y Trieste                             A
                                                                                From hinterland of Liburni, (see foldout
                                                                                map in ref 46). Region bounded by Postojna
                                                                                (NE of Trieste) to Krk Is in the west and
                                                                                Lika region (Licko Polje; E of Gospic) and
                                                                                NW Bosnia (Una RV) in the east. N
                                                                                boundary: Sava RV (includes city
                                                                                of Siscia (modern Sisak)). *{900-329}*

368   2   -50 50    A Atmones         G Dnestr R area, betw Beskid Mtns to  L
                                        the W, & Seret R to the E, S of
                                        Ivano-Frankovsk (Stanislav), W SU.
                                                                                Subgroup of Bastarnae acc/to Much.

 12  59   -50 #     A Bastarnae       G Balkans & Macedonia                 A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 44  18   -50 50    A Brigantes       K N England (see map 26 in Geipel:    L
                                        The Europeans)
                                                                                Not clear whether Celtics of Celticized
                                                                                Aborigines. Dates approximate. Unlikely
                                                                                that they are related to tribe of same
                                                                                name along Bodensee (349-4).

900 553   -50 -12   A Chamavi         G Veluwe Region of NL (nr Apeldoorn.  L
                                        See Westermann's Hausatlas, p.6,
                                        E4.)
                                                                                Location mentioned by R. Much, by
                                                                                implication also (12-205).

113  10   -50 #     A Dacians         P Black Sea coast: Olbia to           C
                                        Appolonia (probably modern
                                        Nokalajev to Sozopol, resp.),
                                        excluding Dobrugea.
                                                                                From Dobrogea. *{173-26}* 50K people.

901 202   -50 100   A Dacians         P {Black Sea coast: Olbia to          L
                                        Appolonia (probably modern
                                        Nokalajev to Sozopol, resp.),
                                        excluding Dobrugea.} *{113-10}*

 27 166   -50 #     A Durobrigi       K Isle of Wight, Dorset, Hampshire &  M
                                        Berkshire, UK.
                                                                                From B (no specific locations given). Syn.
                                                                                Durotrigi?

900 949   -50 50    A Durobrigi       K {Isle of Wight, Dorset, Hampshire   L
                                        & Berkshire, UK.} *{27-166}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-166). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans. Syn.
                                                                                Durotrigi?

900 801   -50 1     A Jews            E AM less (Ephesus, Sardis (Lydia,    S
                                        AM) (900-800)). (For detailed
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. 1 M in AM. Start date
                                                                                acc/to (322-3). End date inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.

900 813   -50 1     A Jews            E Tarraco (E) (For detailed           S
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine (& Rome?). Start date
                                                                                guess; must be subsequent to Roman
                                                                                occupation. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.

900 823   -50 1     A Jews            E GR including Crete (For detailed    S
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 25.
                                                                                Start date guess.

900 836   -50 1     A Jews            E Crimean Bosporus region (For        S
                                        detailed locations see map p. 25
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Palestine. Start date guess. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 25.

900 802   -50 300   A Jews            E AM (For detailed locations see map  L
                                        p. 29 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-801) and (900-
                                                                                803).

900 814   -50 1     A Jews            E {Tarraco (E) (For detailed          L
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-813}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-813) and (900-
                                                                                815).

900 824   -50 1     A Jews            E {GR including Crete (For detailed   L
                                        locations see map p. 25 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)} *{900-823}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-823) and (900-
                                                                                825).

900 837   -50 600   A Jews            E {Crimean Bosporus region (For       L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 25
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        836}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-836) and (900-
                                                                                838). Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 30.

182   5   -50 #     A Lombards        G Lower Elbe R (both banks acc/to     M
                                        (198-1)).
                                                                                From Coast of Jutland (ref (5-14) says N
                                                                                coast). *{900-515}*

185   1   -50 375   A Lombards        G Both sides lower Elbe R On left bk  L
                                        incl Lueneburger Heide, area betw
                                        Luhe & Ilmenau (Bardengau, incl
                                        mod locality Bardowick).
                                                                                Start date to conform to (182-5). End date
                                                                                acc/to (185-4).

368   1   -50 100   N Sidones         G Dnestr R area, betw Stry R &        L
                                        Beskid Mtns, & S of Lvov, W SU.
                                                                                Subgroup of Bastarnae acc. to Much.

 44  19   -50 50    A Silures         U S Wales (see map 26 in Geipel)      L
                                                                                Became Celticized.

900 969   -44 200   A Boii            K {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower  I
                                        A, S of Bohemia and Moravia to
                                        Danube R, W H, SW Slovakia} *{900-
                                        968}*
                                                                                Acc/to (110-35) in Pannonia RP. But
                                                                                presumably the same happened in rest of
                                                                                area. From parts of it the Boii were
                                                                                expelled (Bohemia & Moravia in 8 BC by the
                                                                                Marcomanni acc/to E; from N. Pannonia by
                                                                                Dacians resulting in the deserta Boiorum
                                                                                acc/to (165-20)). Assimilation by Romans
                                                                                in Pannonia, by Marcomanni and Quadi in
                                                                                Bohemia, Moravia & Slovakia.

110   9   -35 9     N Romans          I Dalmatia N of Sava R & Pannonia     E
                                        RPP (including Sava R V cities of
                                        Metulum & Siscia)
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-31}*
901  32   -35 -29   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium include
                                        yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I +        Start date to conform to (110-9); end date
                                        Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta +      to conform to (232-14), (165-78), and (901-
                                        N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova          33).
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera)
                                        to the Pyrenees, with an
                                        indentation into the L Ebro RV, &
                                        Hispania Ulterior, comprising the
                                        future RP of Baetica, ca modern
                                        Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM
                                        + Istria + Macedonia RP, Illyricum
                                        (shortened - see long record)
                                        *{901-31} + {110-9}*

 40  75   -30 #     N Bastarnae       G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

165  78   -29 #     N Romans          I Area around Serdica (mod. Sofia)    E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-32}*
232  14   -29 -19   N Romans          I N Spain (Asturias, Cantabria)       E
                                        (well illustrated on map p. 43,
                                        ref 53)
                                                                                Ref includes Basque Provinces, but other
                                                                                refs ((53-30), (167-12)) do not. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                                                                Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                                                                Territories + more comment; see long
                                                                                records list. *{901-32}*
901  33   -29 -28   N Romans          I Moesia (Superior & Inferior) RP     E
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger map p. 28. Also (165-54),
                                                                                (46-24), and (113-12). From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41,
                                                                                Atlas of the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta
                                                                                (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                                                                I up to Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-32}*
901  34   -29 -25   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (232-14), (165-
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       78), and (901-33); end date to conform to
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,       (901-35).
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-32} + {232-14}
                                        * * + {165-78} + {901-33}*

900  24   -27 58    A Amsivarii       G Betw Lower Weser & Lower Ems RR     L
                                        (Abb 4).
                                                                                Location acc/to (183-20).

900  39   -27 75    A Angrivarii      G Nr Weser-Aller R junction N of      L
                                        Cherusci, S of Lueneburger Heide.
                                                                                Location acc/to (187-15).

183  23   -27 97    A Bructeri        G Between Upper Lippe & Ems RR (Abb   L
                                        4).
                                                                                End date acc/to (12-201).

 12  99   -27 50    N Chasuarii       G Along Hase R, tributary of Ems R    L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (183-21). End date
                                                                                acc/to (187-10).

 12 191   -27 50    N Marsi           G Between Lippe & Ruhr R              L
                                                                                Dates acc/to (183-24), (187-2). Fragment
                                                                                of Sugambri. End date to conform to onset
                                                                                of Chattuarii, their descendants (Abb 63,
                                                                                ref 184).

900  21   -25 200   A Amantini        Y Pannonia RP + {Sirmian Save RV}     L
                                        *{900-20}*
                                                                                Acc/to (46-35), (110-14).

184   9   -25 58    A Chauci          G Coast & inland betw Ems & Elbe RR.  L
                                                                                End date acc/to (12-100). Acc/to (12-97),
                                                                                divided into Lesser Chauci W of Weser R,
                                                                                Greater Chauci E of Weser.

900 795   -25 1     A Finno-Ugrians   F {SF, Estonia, Latvia, N SU & Oka R  E
                                        area, see map 21a(2);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} - {Volochow &
                                        Velikaja RR area, around & S of
                                        Leningrad, N SU & E SF, see map
                                        20a(21,25); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'.}
                                        *{390-2} - {389-25}*                    From Volochow & Velikaja RR area, around &
                                                                                S of Leningrad, N SU & E SF, see map
                                                                                20a(21,25); 'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                                                                Ceskoslovenska'. *{389-25}* To conform to
                                                                                (389-25) and (390-2). This clearly refers
                                                                                to a mixture of Finnic and
                                                                                Ugric tribes, not the Finno-Ugric
                                                                                ancestors. These may have to be recoded
                                                                                later with a letter other than F, to
                                                                                distinguish them from the Finnic and Ugric
                                                                                branches (their descendants).

390   2   -25 200   N Finno-Ugrians   F SF, Estonia, Latvia, N SU & Oka R   L
                                        area, see map 21a(2);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Refers to Finno-Ugrian 'tribes'. This
                                                                                clearly refers to a mixture of Finnic and
                                                                                Ugric tribes, not the Finno-Ugric
                                                                                ancestors. These may have to be recoded
                                                                                later with a letter other than F, to
                                                                                distinguish them from the Finnic and Ugric
                                                                                branches (their descendants). Start date
                                                                                interpolated between this record and (389-
                                                                                25). End date interpolated between this
                                                                                record and (391-5).

900 486   -25 #     A Goths           G {Gothi-Scandza (Gothi-Scandza = N   Q
                                        PL. & N D. between Vistula & Oder
                                        RR covering modern cities of
                                        Gdansk, Szeszin, & Grudziadz.)}
                                        *{1-2}*
                                                                                From Oester- & Vaestergoetland & Island of
                                                                                Gotland. *{16-1}*. Necessary to move Goths
                                                                                from (16-1) to (1-2). Partial migration
                                                                                because (205-6) mentions as Goths as
                                                                                remaining in Goetland.

  1   2   -25 -7    A Goths           G Gothi-Scandza (Gothi-Scandza = N    L
                                        PL. & N D. between Vistula & Oder
                                        RR covering modern cities of
                                        Gdansk, Szeszin, & Grudziadz.)
                                                                                Called Gutoni in reference.

 19  13   -25 25    A Hermunduri      G N Bohemia                           L
                                                                                Approximate dates.

901  35   -25 #     N Romans          I Galatia RP (AM)                     E
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger map p. 28. From Falerii,
                                                                                Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet,
                                                                                Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                                                                (the coastal strip + more comment;
                                                                                see long record. *{901-34}*
901  36   -25 -15   N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (901-35); end
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       date to conform to (184-6) and (165-56).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-34} + {901-35}*

390   6   -25 200   N Zarubincy       U N Ukraine, Belorussia (except       L
                                        Vitebsk area), Dema R area, see
                                        map 21a (7); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Assumed by some to have been early Slavs.
                                                                                However recent sources, e.g. Vana: World
                                                                                of Ancient Slavs and Struve in Bernhard &
                                                                                Kandler-Palsson question whether Zarubincy
                                                                                are Slavs. Culture. An apparent expansion
                                                                                over (389-19), but population
                                                                                movement not firm enough to warrant a
                                                                                separate expansion record. Start date
                                                                                compromise with (389-19). End date
                                                                                compromise with (391-7).

900 510   -20 400   A Cannenefates    G W Frisian coast; see Abb 64 at      L
                                        p.288 in ref 184.
                                                                                Acc/to (184-11). End date to conform to
                                                                                (12-186). Believed branch of Chatti (12-
                                                                                178). Must have moved to this location
                                                                                from earlier homes (perhaps (12-176)), but
                                                                                no ref to this found.

 40  77   -19 -16   N Bastarnae       G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 40  76   -19 -16   N Roxolani        R Thrace                              A
                                                                                From steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR. *{234-
                                                                                28}* Sarmatian tribe.

165  96   -16 #     N Pannonians      Y N I                                 A
                                                                                From S of Drava to Sava R & Danube. *{900-
                                                                                305}*

 46  30   -16 #     N Scordisci       K Macedonia RP                        A
                                                                                From Sirmium (Srem) area, YU *{900-983}*

165  56   -15 #     N Romans          I Noricum RP                          E
                                                                                Heavily admixed with aboriginal Celtic pop
                                                                                as well as Germanic tribes, Alans and Huns
                                                                                by end of 4th C. From Falerii, Tarquinii &
                                                                                Caere, C I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                                                                Latium, SW of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger)
                                                                                + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow
                                                                                areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R,
                                                                                Ager Gallicus, & S (see map p. 41, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories + more comment; see
                                                                                long comment list. *{901-36}*
184   6   -15 #     N Romans          I Raetia RP; capital Augsburg         E
                                        (Augusta Vindelicum)
                                                                                Dates acc/to Putzger map p. 28. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium (see map
                                                                                p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno)
                                                                                R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see map
                                                                                p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,
                                                                                Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                                                                (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala
                                                                                del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                36}*
901  37   -15 17    N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I + Picenum & Samnium + Etruria
                                        up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                        Gallicus,
                                        & S I + Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia,      Start date to conform to (184-6) and (165-
                                        Malta + N I up to Alps + Carthago       56); end date to conform to (375-1).
                                        Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV,
                                        Ilipa (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal strip running from
                                        Baria (Vera) to the Pyrenees, with
                                        an indentation into the L Ebro RV,
                                        & Hispania Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca
                                        modern Andalusia + Ebro R basin in
                                        Navarre & Rioja & high R basins of
                                        the Guadiana, Jucar & Turia RR +
                                        RP Asia in AM + Istria + Macedonia
                                        RP, Illyricum + W Iberia not incl
                                        Asturia & (shortened - see long
                                        records) *{901-36} + {184-6} +
                                        {165-56}*

 12 205   -12 #     N Chamavi         G Modern Overijssel Province (NL)     M
                                                                                From Veluwe Region of NL (nr Apeldoorn.
                                                                                See Westermann's Hausatlas, p.6, E4.)
                                                                                *{900-553}*

900 554   -12 97    N Chamavi         G {Modern Overijssel Province (NL)}   L
                                        *{12-205}*
                                                                                For consistency with (12-205) & (12-206).

184   7   -12 -9    N Romans          I Rhine R mouth, also coastal area    A
                                        betw Ems & Elbe RR
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) + more
                                                                                comment; see long record. *{901-37}*
110  16   -10 #     N Dacians         P Pannonia                            A
                                                                                From E H. *{900-271}*

 12 138    -9 #     A Marcomanni      G Bohemia                             Q
                                                                                From area between Regensburg & Bamberg.
                                                                                *{12-126}* At this time 25K men, 125K
                                                                                total population. After King Marbod's
                                                                                departure in 19 AD, population estimated
                                                                                at 18K men, 90K total population.

 12 139    -9 #     N Marcomanni      G Coast of Flanders                   R
                                                                                End date provisional. From area between
                                                                                Regensburg & Bamberg. *{12-126}* Small
                                                                                group resettled in Roman Empire.

 14   5    -9 500   A Marcomanni      G Bohemia                             L

 12 140    -9 100   N Naristi         G {Betw. Regensburg & Bamberg} *{12-  L
                                        126}*
                                                                                End date from Tacitus (see ref 133, p.13).
                                                                                Residual Marcomanni in the original area,
                                                                                renamed Naristi or Varisti.

133  11    -9 #     N Quadi           G Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia &    M
                                        SW Slovakia.
                                                                                From area of Fulda, Schwalm, Upper Lahn &
                                                                                Nidda RR, N up to Meissner Mt. Separated
                                                                                from Cherusci by the Meissner, Weserberge
                                                                                and the Harz (Mts). (All on map 12/13,
                                                                                Westermann's Atlas.) *{12-129}*

900 529    -9 89    A Quadi           G {Lower A N of Danube, S Moravia &   L
                                        SW Slovakia.} *{133-11}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (133-11). End
                                                                                date to conform to (12-146).

353   3    -8 75    N Cuberni         G Betw Rhine & Maas RR, N of          L
                                        Geldern, W D.
                                                                                End date guess following Abb 63 in ref
                                                                                184. Synonymous with Cugerni; name given
                                                                                to Sugambri after 8 BC.

900 512    -8 #     N Sugambri        G {Betw Rhine & Maas RR, N of         Q
                                        Geldern, W D.} *{353-3}*
                                                                                From rt bank of Rhine R less area N of
                                                                                Lippe R. Across from them were the
                                                                                Eburoni, on both sides of the Maas R, W of
                                                                                Cologne. They were bounded on the S by the
                                                                                Ubii between the Main R & the Westerwald.
                                                                                *{12-190}* Were resettled by Romans.
                                                                                Called Cuberni thereafter.

900 487    -7 17    A Goths           G Middle Oder R Both sides of middle  E
                                        Oder R, S boundary reached in E.
                                        Mark Brandenburg, into the Lausitz
                                        area and Lower Silesia.
                                                                                From Gothi-Scandza. (Gothi-Scandza = N PL.
                                                                                & N D. between Vistula & Oder RR covering
                                                                                modern cities of Gdansk, Szeszin, &
                                                                                Grudziadz). *{1-2}*

  1   3    -7 175   N Goths           G {Middle Oder R Both sides of        L
                                        middle Oder R, S boundary reached
                                        in E. Mark Brandenburg, into the
                                        Lausitz area and Lower Silesia.} +
                                        {Gothi-Scandza (Gothi-Scandza = N
                                        PL. & N D. between Vistula & Oder
                                        RR covering modern cities of
                                        Gdansk,
                                        Szeszin, & Grudziadz.)} *{900-487}      Start date to be consistent with (900-
                                        + {1-2}*                                487). End date acc/to (1-9). Reference
                                                                                calls them Gutoni.

351   1    -3 260   N Hermunduri      G Main R area N of Gunzenhausen & NW  L
                                        of Regensberg and E of Walduern,
                                        Jagsthausen, Mainhardt, &
                                        Murrhardt, D.
                                                                                S branch of tribe. Origin in dispute.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (186-2). See also Abb 4,
                                                                                p.48 in ref 183.

900 126    -1 400   A Baltic Finns    F Estonia                             L
                                                                                Acc/to (201-16), (364-1).

900 620    -1 #     A Balts           B {NE PL, Lithuania, Latvia, see      T
                                        map20a (15); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + W
                                        Belorussia, see map 20a (16);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} - {Neman & Dvina
                                        RR area,Belorussia & S Lithuania,
                                        see map 2la
                                        (6); 'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A      For consistency with (900-104) and (900-
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. + Latvia,              105). To Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia
                                        Lithuania, see map 21a (9);             & S Lithuania, see map 2la (6);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A           "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.} *{900-104} -          Ceskoslovenska". + Latvia, Lithuania, see
                                        {900-105}*                              map 21a (9); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                                                                Ceskoslovenska".
                                                                                *{900-105}*

900 105    -1 200   A Balts           B Neman & Dvina RR area, Belorussia   L
                                        & S Lithuania, see map 21a (6);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. + Latvia,
                                        Lithuania, see map 21a (9);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Acc/to (390-5), (390-8). Also based on (38-
                                                                                16). The authors, presumably to be
                                                                                consistent in using "cultures", have
                                                                                referred to this gens as "Line Ceramic",
                                                                                while putting "Baltove" in parenthesis
                                                                                after it. Clearly, for this time period,
                                                                                there is no reason to keep the people
                                                                                separate from their ceramics, so I have
                                                                                used "Balts" as the gens name. Gens given
                                                                                by authors is "Baltic Tribe Culture" so I
                                                                                have just used "Balts". (Comment acc/to
                                                                                (390-5).)

900 120    -1 1000  A Tavasts         F {SF} - {W Lake District in          T
                                        interior SF, Kokemaeki & Kymi RR
                                        drainage systems.} *{169-11} -
                                        {202-10}*
                                                                                For consistency with (202-10). (Syn.
                                                                                Haemaelaeiset). To W Lake District in
                                                                                interior SF, Kokemaeki & Kymi RR drainage
                                                                                systems. *{202-10}*

202  10    -1 #     A Tavasts         F W Lake District in interior SF,     L
                                        Kokemaeki & Kymi RR drainage
                                        systems.
                                                                                (Syn. Haemaelaeiset).


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