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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

122  19  -495 #     N Scythians       R Thrace                              A
                                                                                From Dobrugea + Transylvania (Mures & two
                                                                                Tirnava RR). *{123-21} + {113-4}*

317   1  -492 #     A Persians        R Aegean coast GR into SW BG & SE     A
                                        YU. (Coastal Thrace and Macedonia)
                                                                                Darius' campaign, led by Mardonius. From
                                                                                Sardis, N to Abydus AM.

317   5  -490 #     A Greeks          H Marathon, GR                        A
                                                                                From Greece. The Persian naval expedition
                                                                                was, incredibly, defeated here.

 22  34  -490 #     N Persians        R Athens                              A
                                                                                From AM.

317   4  -490 #     A Persians        R Marathon, GR                        N
                                                                                From AM.

317  12  -480 #     A Greeks          H Salamis, E GR                       A
                                                                                From Greece.

 39  43  -480 -460  A Odrysae         P From rt bk Athrys R & SE of rt bk   C
                                        Athrys R. (Modern Jantra) to Chora
                                        R (of the Odessites). *(These are
                                        the union of {39-41}* * and {39-
                                        42}.)*
                                                                                From NW of Edirne (Adrianople), TR. *{39-
                                                                                40}*

900 282  -480 -342  A Odrysae         P {NW of Edirne (Adrianople), TR} +   L
                                        {From rt bk Athrys R (modern
                                        Jantra) to Chora R (of the
                                        Odessites). (ref 40, fig 4)} + {SE
                                        of rt bk Athrys R (modern Jantra)
                                        to Chora R (of the Odessites).
                                        (ref 40, fig 4)} *{39-40} + {39-
                                        41} + {39-42}*
                                                                                Subjugated by the Macedonians. *When
                                                                                plotting this location, consider also
                                                                                record* *(40-48) which may be more
                                                                                complete.*

317   7  -480 #     A Persians        R Along Aegean coast GR, & into E GR. A
                                                                                Route of Xerxes' army. From Sardis, N to
                                                                                Abydus AM.

317  11  -480 #     A Persians        R Salamis, E GR                       N
                                                                                From AM.

 17  33  -479 -430  N Ionians         H Monaco, Nice & Antibes, Olbia       S
                                        (Hyeres), Tamaris, Sanary, La
                                        Ciotat (all E of Marseille),
                                        Rhodanousia, Agde, Ampurias,
                                        Arles, Narbonne (all W of
                                        Marseille).
                                                                                From Marseille.

317   8  -479 #     A Persians        R Plataea, due W of Thebes, E         A
                                        Peloponnese, GR.
                                                                                From AM.

140   7  -475 #     A Celts           K S & E Britain                       Q
                                                                                From F, B, NL. Called British Iron Age A
                                                                                culture. It is a Hallstatt culture. Author
                                                                                says this migration was by greater numbers
                                                                                than earlier ones.

374   6  -474 #     N Etruscans       U {Cumae, just W of Neapolis, I}      A
                                        *{374-4}*
                                                                                Greeks repelled the Etruscans.

900 154  -470 #     A Ionians         H Ionian cities in AM                 C
                                                                                (Replaces record (22-35).) From Attica,
                                                                                Euboea. *{900-205}* A reconquest of
                                                                                Persians.

 25  26  -470 #     N Ionians         H Naples (Neapolis)                   S
                                                                                From Kyme. Other Ionians joined around 450
                                                                                BC and 420 BC.

 26  46  -465 #     N Dorians         H Area of Iapygi (Japygen on map      C
                                        p.359.)
                                                                                From Tarento.

 39  44  -460 #     A Scythians       R {Along lower Danube R} *{900-231}*  E
                                                                                From Dobrugea + Transylvania (Mures & two
                                                                                Tirnava RR) nr ROM-BG border. *{123-21} +
                                                                                {113-4}*
                                                                                To conform with 900-231.

900 231  -460 -354  N Scythians       R Along lower Danube R                L
                                                                                (Synonym Getes). (Author of ref 23 thinks
                                                                                Getes is a synonym. We think the Getae are
                                                                                P speakers.) *{Location attributed to (23-
                                                                                18).}*

 40  47  -457 -437  N Ionians         H Amphipolis slightly E of            S
                                        Chalcidice, at mouth of Strymon R,
                                        GR.
                                                                                From Athens. 10K Athenians transported
                                                                                there 20 yrs earlier.

 22  36  -450 #     A Athenians       H Most of GR and Cyprus (see Putzger  N
                                        pg.12, Map I).
                                                                                From Attica.

173  26  -450 100   A Dacians         P Dobrogea                            L
                                                                                (Syn. Daco-Getae, Getae.) Called Daco-
                                                                                Getae in ref.

901 107  -450 -250  A Etruscans       U Area N of Appenines in I (see map   I
                                        2 in ref 164)
                                                                                By Celts.

 48  29  -450 -300  A La Tene         U ROM                                 L
                                                                                Author distinguishes these populations
                                                                                from Celts who occurred only W & S of
                                                                                Carpathians (48-31).

900 978  -450 -100  A Rauraci         K {Around & S of Mulhouse, W of       M
                                        Rhine R, NW CH & E F.} *{355-15}*
                                                                                Dates quite arbitrary; for consistency
                                                                                with (143-17) and (355-15). Migration
                                                                                record intro- duced to account for
                                                                                different location in these Z records.

355  15  -450 1     N Rauraci         K Around & S of Mulhouse, W of Rhine  L
                                        R, NW CH & E F.
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (900-978).
                                                                                End date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation.

901   6  -450 -314  A Romans          I {Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,    L
                                        Putzger) } *{26-21}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (26-21).
                                                                                End date to conform to (901-7). Former
                                                                                Latini.

 26  41  -450 -400  A Samniti         I Campagna, SC I (see map p. 26 in    E
                                        Putzger)
                                                                                From Samnium, SC I (map in Putzger, p. 26)
                                                                                *{26-27}* by way of Volturnus RV.
                                                                                Conquered Capeia and Kyme in 423 BC and
                                                                                420 BC, respectively, and Herculaneum,
                                                                                Pompeii and Stabiae in 400 BC. Oscan
                                                                                speakers, members of the Osco-Umbrian
                                                                                group.

901   5  -450 -80   A Samniti         I {Samnium, SC I (map in Putzger, p.  L
                                        26)} + {Campagna, SC I (see map p.
                                        26 in Putzger)} *{26-27} + {26-41}*
                                                                                End date mentioned in Atlas of Roman
                                                                                World, p. 62. Oscan speakers, members of
                                                                                the Osco-Umbrian group.

900 295  -441 -342  N Tilatei         P Along Isker R. (BG, fig ref 40)     L
                                                                                Acc/to (46-3); see also comment of (40-48).

 53   5  -431 -401  N Iberians        U GR                                  A
                                                                                From S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:
                                                                                Spain at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                                                                portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                                                                Cevennes. *{900-991}* As mercenaries of
                                                                                Greeks and Carthaginians.

900 171  -431 -425  N Spartans        H Attica, GR                          
                                                                                From Sparta. Record replaces (318-11),
                                                                                (318-16), (318-18). During Peloponnese
                                                                                war. Dates acc/to Ploetz.

318  10  -425 #     N Athenians       H Sphacteria, near Sparta, S GR       A
                                                                                From Attica.

318   7  -425 #     N Athenians       H Pylos, SW GR                        N
                                                                                From Attica.

318   9  -425 #     A Athenians       H SW corner Aetolia (GR); SW of       N
                                        Messolongi.
                                                                                From Pylos, SW GR. *{318-7}* Area was
                                                                                Athenian ally.

 26  43  -425 -325  A Etruscans       U {Campagna region, I (less Greek     I
                                        enclave, see Atlas of Roman
                                        World,p. 22 map)} *{22-29}*
                                                                                Amalgamation of Opici, Greeks (Ionians),
                                                                                Etruscans & Samniti (under the name of the
                                                                                latter?). End date: arrival of Romans (901-
                                                                                7).

128  16  -424 -405  N Athenians       H Chalcedon, Byzantium (on Bosporus). C
                                                                                From Attica.

318   6  -424 #     N Athenians       H Island of Cythera (S of             N
                                        Peloponnese).
                                                                                From Attica. Athenian victory.

318  17  -424 #     N Spartans        H Delium or Delion (area due E of     A
                                        Thebes, GR.)
                                                                                From Sparta. Defeated Athenians & members
                                                                                of Delian League.

900 172  -424 #     N Spartans        H Chalcidice, GR                      
                                                                                Record replaces (318-20). Information
                                                                                acc/to Ploetz & Putzger-Lendl-Wagner.
                                                                                During Peloponnese war. From area nr
                                                                                Thebes.

318  21  -422 #     N Spartans        H Amphipolis, GR                      A
                                                                                From Sparta. Defeated Athenians & members
                                                                                of Delian League.

 40  49  -420 -400  A Celts           K Transilvania                        Q
                                                                                From Bohemia & Moravia, acc/to (143-42).

318  13  -418 #     N Spartans        H Mantinea, due W of Argos            A
                                                                                From Sparta. They defeated Athenians and
                                                                                their allies.

318   3  -416 #     N Athenians       H Island of Melos (E of Peloponnese.) C
                                                                                From Attica. Athenian victory.

318   4  -415 -413  A Athenians       H Across Ionian sea to Syracuse,      N
                                        Sicily.
                                                                                From Attica. Alcibiades' route, & were
                                                                                defeated by Spartans.

318  25  -411 #     N Spartans        H N, via Aegean Sea to Canakkale      N
                                        (Cynossema), nr Abydos AM.
                                                                                From Sparta. Were defeated by Athenians &
                                                                                members of Delian League.

900 173  -410 #     N Spartans        H Cyzicus (Kyzikos) along Sea of      N
                                        Marmara, AM side.
                                                                                From Sparta. Source ref 318, also Putzger-
                                                                                Lendl-Wagner. Lose to Athenians.

372   5  -409 #     N Carthaginians   E Himera, NC Sicily                   A
                                                                                Destroyed the city. From Carthage or NW
                                                                                Sicily.

318   2  -406 #     N Athenians       H Arguinusae Islands, nr Lesbos       N
                                                                                From Athens. Athenian victory.

372   7  -405 #     N Carthaginians   E Gela, SE Sicily                     A
                                                                                Sacked the city. From Carthage or NW
                                                                                Sicily.

372   6  -405 #     N Carthaginians   E Acragas, SC Sicily                  C
                                                                                From Carthage or NW Sicily.

318  26  -405 #     N Spartans        H Aegospotami, N of Abydos, AM        N
                                                                                From Sparta. Defeated Athenians & members
                                                                                of Delian League.

165  11  -400 -100  A Ambisonti       K Isonzo RV                           L

900  27  -400 200   A Andizetes       Y Turopolje area S of Zagreb (Rand    L
                                        McNally Atlas)
                                                                                Strongly Celticized since ca yr -250.
                                                                                *(Place description can be attributed to
                                                                                (165-12).)*

 27  34  -400 -375  A Aravisci        K Rt bank of Danube knee up to mouth  M
                                        of Karpos-Sarvis R (H)
                                                                                From Austria. (Syn. Eravisci)

900  53  -400 200   A Aravisci        K Rt bank of Danube R knee            L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-34). End date
                                                                                to conform to (110-32). (Syn. Eravisci)

 27  64  -400 #     A Biturigi        K N I                                 M
                                                                                From between Eifel & Hunsrueck Mts *{27-
                                                                                58}*

900 967  -400 #     A Boii            K Middle Silesia                      E
                                                                                From Bohemia & Moravia, CS *{307-10}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (900-965) & (6-
                                                                                4).

143  37  -400 -375  A Boii            K S shore Po R up to Apennine Mts     M
                                        (includes Bologna acc/to (27-74))
                                                                                From between Main & Danube RR *{27-29}*
                                                                                via Lorraine where they displaced the
                                                                                Senoni.

  6   4  -400 -50   A Boii            K Middle Silesia                      L
                                                                                Syn. Bojern. End date acc/to (6-5). Driven
                                                                                out or subjected by Vandals.

900 966  -400 -190  A Boii            K {S shore Po R up to Apennine Mts    L
                                        (includes Bologna acc/to (27-
                                        74))}*{143-37}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (143-37). End
                                                                                date destruction by Romans acc/to (17-36).

 27 139  -400 -300  A Britons         K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                145) and (27-147). Remaining unnamed
                                                                                tribes.

 27 148  -400 200   A Caledonians     U Scotland                            L
                                                                                End date to conform to arrival of Scoti in
                                                                                Scotland (11-154). Syn. Picts acc/to this
                                                                                author.

900 310  -400 -200  A Carni           K {Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in  L
                                        NW Slovenija (YU) near town of
                                        Kranj)} *{900-309}*
                                                                                Acc/to (133-3). May be Kelticized earlier
                                                                                Illyrian population by analogy with (900-
                                                                                308).

132   3  -400 -300  A Celts           K W & C H                             Q
                                                                                From Rhineland, NE Bavaria, NW Bohemia.
                                                                                Small part of 300K (greater part to I).

143  36  -400 -375  A Cenomani        K Area spanned by Brixia(Brescia),    M
                                        Bergomum (Bergamo), Verona, I
                                                                                Source area not stated exactly. By
                                                                                implication either from central Gaul or
                                                                                Moselle-Rhine R area.

900 973  -400 -190  A Cenomani        K {Area spanned by Brixia (Brescia),  L
                                        Bergomum (Bergamo), Verona, I}
                                        *{143-36}*
                                                                                End date: Defeat of Celts by Romans. Many
                                                                                must have stayed and become assimilated.

 27 140  -400 -300  A Cornavi         K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                146).

 27 138  -400 -300  A Corvi           K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                144).

 27 150  -400 -200  A Darini          U N IRL                               L
                                                                                End date to conform to (27-151).

 27 136  -400 -300  A Dobuni          K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                142). My transcription spells them Duboni.

 27 135  -400 -300  A Dumnoni         K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                141).

306   3  -400 -100  A Germanics       G NE CS around Podmokly, Jestrebi     L
                                        and Kobyly.
                                                                                Identified non-Celtic (Germanic)
                                                                                populations.

900 199  -400 #     A Greeks          H Cherson (nr Crimea)                 S
                                                                                From Herakleia which in turn was founded
                                                                                by Megara.

 27  69  -400 #     A Haedui          K N I                                 Q
                                                                                From NW Burgundy, F *{143-7}*

140   1  -400 #     A Insubres        K Area around Mediolanum (Milan), I   M
                                        (betw. Ticino & Oglio RR)
                                                                                From S D or CH.

 17  37  -400 -190  N Insubres        K {Area around Mediolanum (Milan), I  L
                                        (betw. Ticino & Oglio RR)} *{140-
                                        1}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (140-1).

182  15  -400 -200  A Jastorf         G NW Bohemia (Decin- Podmokly; in     L
                                        German: Tetschen-Bodenbach).

133   2  -400 -300  A La Tene         K Lower A                             L
                                                                                End date arrival of named group, Boii (19-
                                                                                9), not really end of La Tene. La Tene in
                                                                                Lower A ascribed to K, but may still have
                                                                                been Y to which the Hallstatt in A is
                                                                                ascribed.

140   3  -400 -375  A Lingoni         K Emilia, I                           S
                                                                                Presumably from Langres region, F *{143-9}*

 17  16  -400 -190  A Lingoni         K Emilia, I                           L
                                                                                End date: Defeat of Celts by Romans. Many
                                                                                must have stayed and become assimilated.

900 308  -400 -1    A Norici          K {Noricum RP (Salzburg, U. A, L. A,  L
                                        Styria, Carinthia (Provinces of
                                        modern A))} *{900-307}*
                                                                                May be Kelticized earlier Illyrian
                                                                                population.

 27 137  -400 -300  A Ordovici        K Britanny                            L
                                                                                Dates approximate and to conform to (27-
                                                                                143).

 27  33  -400 -375  A Osi             K NE of Danube knee, incl. adjoining  M
                                        areas of Slovakia
                                                                                From Austria. Changed designation of
                                                                                location to conform to (27-106) and (19-
                                                                                17).

900 985  -400 50    A Osi             K {NE of Danube knee, incl.           L
                                        adjoining areas of Slovakia} *{27-
                                        33}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-33).
                                                                                End date acc/to (19-17). Ref 19 calls them
                                                                                Pannonians, but refs 27 and 132 refer to
                                                                                the Osi as Celts.

181   6  -400 -200  A Proto-Frisians  G N NL                                L

900 236  -400 -300  A Sarmatians      R Russian steppes E of Don R          C
                                                                                Acc/to (169-43), (211-3). From S SU,
                                                                                around lower Volga R, see map 18a (37a);
                                                                                'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                                                                Ceskoslovenska'. *{900-235}*

900 237  -400 -150  A Sarmatians      R {S SU, around lower Volga R, see    L
                                        map 18a (37a); 'Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'.} +
                                        {Russian steppes E of Don R} *{900-
                                        235} + {900-236}*
                                                                                To connect (900-235) & (389-18).

143  38  -400 #     A Senoni          K N Adriatic coast betw Ancona &      S
                                        Rimini, I
                                                                                From Yonne RV *{900-972}*. Location
                                                                                details from (28-12).

 28  12  -400 -268  A Senoni          K N Adriatic coast betw Ancona &      L
                                        Rimini, I
                                                                                Start date to conform to (143-38). End
                                                                                date acc/to (17-35). Ref (28-12) says they
                                                                                were pushed out following their defeat by
                                                                                the Romans; ref (17-35) says they were
                                                                                wiped out.

 27  81  -400 -300  A Vardae          Y Bosna R (Bosnia, YU)                L
                                                                                Conservative bracketing date.

373   2  -399 #     N Romans          I Veii, SE of L Bracciano, W I        C
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}*

 53   4  -397 -395  N Iberians        U Sicily                              A
                                                                                From S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:
                                                                                Spain at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                                                                portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                                                                Cevennes. *{900-991}* As mercenaries of
                                                                                Greeks and Carthaginians.

 40  50  -390 #     A Celts           K Illyria                             A
                                                                                From E Alps. Put pressure on the Illyrians.

 40  51  -390 #     A Illyrians       Y Area of the Triballi See ref 40,    Q
                                        fig 1.
                                                                                Probably from NE YU. Pushed by Celts.

901   3  -390 #     A Lucani          I Lao (Laus, nr Scalea in Lucania)&   C
                                        Petelia (mod. Strongoli in
                                        Calabria)
                                                                                Date firm for Lao only (based on Bosi: Die
                                                                                Staedte der Griechen).

901   4  -390 -80   A Lucani          I Lucania region, S I (see map 3,     L
                                        ref 164) less [ {Paestum
                                        (Posidonia) & Pissunte (mod.
                                        Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                        Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                        Strongoli in Calabria)} ] +
                                        Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte
                                        (mod. Policastro),
                                        S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr Scalea in         Start date to conform to (901-3). End date
                                        Lucania) & Petelia (mod. Strongoli      mentioned in Atlas of Roman World, p. 62.
                                        in Calabria)} (Note: this =
                                        Lucania only) *{901-2} + {901-3}*

 26  50  -387 #     N Senoni          K Rome                                A
                                                                                From between Ancona & Rimini *{28-12}*
                                                                                Exact date from Ploetz.

 26  52  -382 #     N Romans          I Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria            S
                                                                                Called Latini in ref. From Latium. Exact
                                                                                dates from Atlas of the Roman World p. 35.

901   9  -382 -302  N Romans          I {Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria} *{26-    L
                                        52}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (26-52); end date
                                                                                to conform to (901-11).

 46   4  -376 -375  N Triballi        P Abdera (Thracian coast)             A
                                                                                From area betw Isker (Iskar) & Velika
                                                                                Morava RR, but also lower portion of
                                                                                Southern (Juz.) Morava R. (See ref 117,
                                                                                map p.132.) *{900-283}* 30K warriors.

 40  52  -376 #     N Triballi        P Hinterlands of Abdera & Maroneia    S
                                        (modern Maronia, S of Komotini)
                                                                                Pushed by Illyrians; settled there after
                                                                                unsuccessful attack on Abdera. End date
                                                                                not given. From BG portion of {900-283}.
                                                                                This is roughly between Struma and Iskar
                                                                                RR. *{900-284}*

900 285  -376 -300  A Triballi        P {Hinterlands of Abdera & Maroneia   L
                                        (modern Maronia, S of Komotini)}
                                        *{40-52}*
                                                                                Pushed by Illyrians; settled there after
                                                                                unsuccessful attack on Abdera. End date
                                                                                not given. (See ref (40-52).)

389   5  -375 -50   N Golasecca       U Alps of N C I, see map 20a (5);     L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Late phase of this culture.
                                                                                Continuation of (388-21).

900 284  -375 -100  A Triballi        P BG portion of {900-283}. This is    L
                                        roughly between Struma and Iskar
                                        RR.
                                                                                Acc/to (27-84) and (23-19). Pushed into
                                                                                this smaller region by Autariatae who
                                                                                themselves were pushed by Celts.

165   4  -368 #     N Dorians         H Issa (Vis), Island off YU           S
                                                                                From Syracuse.

165   5  -367 #     N Romans          I Falerii (mod. Civita Castellana),   C
                                        Tarquinii (mod. Tarquinia), &
                                        Caere, C I
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}* Cities detailed in
                                                                                Ploetz p. 193.

901   8  -367 -302  N Romans          I {Falerii (mod. Civita Castellana),  L
                                        Tarquinii (mod. Tarquinia), &
                                        Caene, C I} *{165-5}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (165-5); end date
                                                                                to conform to (28-6).

 27  85  -360 #     A Autariatae      Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From Morava V. *{27-83}*

 27  83  -360 #     A Autariatae      Y Morava V                            C
                                                                                From SE Bosnia, SW Serbia, N Crna Gora
                                                                                (Montenegro). See map p.132, ref 117.
                                                                                *{117-1}*

900  75  -360 -275  A Autariatae      Y {Morava V} *{27-83}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-83).

 23  10  -359 #     A Illyrians       Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From the West (Epirus).

900 181  -358 -335  N Macedonians     H Area of the Illyrians (except for   C
                                        that of the Taulantians.) +
                                        Paeonia (see foldout map in ref
                                        46.) + Chalcidice, S coast of
                                        Thrace+ Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                        lower Danube R & along upper
                                        Strymon (Struma) R and Isker R. +
                                        Odrysean Kingdom
                                        betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =          *(Location info can be attributed to (165-
                                        Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain)           6), * *(46-17), (40-53), (23-14), (39-46)
                                        Aegaen Sea & Propontus (area            and (40-55).)* From N Pieria area + C
                                        around Sea of Marmara). +               Haliacmon RV + Plain from Methone (Putzger
                                        Philippopolis, Kabyle,                  Atlas map 7/8) to Katerini.(map 1). +
                                        Alexandropolis (nr S Thracian           Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        coast).
                                                                                Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley. + Axios
                                                                                (Vardar) R & the sea which cut deeper into
                                                                                the land then than in modern times. Toward
                                                                                NW area of Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up
                                                                                to N border of Chalcidice & up to lower
                                                                                Strymon (Struma) R. + Aigai
                                                                                (Aegeae, Edessa). *{900-180}* Acc/to (165-
                                                                                6), 10K Macedonians + 600 cavalry. Killed
                                                                                7K Illyrians (acc/to Levi: Atlas of the
                                                                                Greek World).

900 182  -358 -313  N Macedonians     H {Area of the Illyrians (except for  L
                                        that of the Taulantians.) +
                                        Paeonia (see foldout map in ref
                                        46.) + Chalcidice, S coast of
                                        Thrace+ Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                        lower Danube R & along upper
                                        Strymon (Struma) R and Isker R. +
                                        Odrysean Kingdom
                                        betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                        Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt. Chain)
                                        Aegaen Sea & Propontus (area
                                        around Sea of Marmara). +
                                        Philippopolis, Kabyle,
                                        Alexandropolis (nr S Thracian
                                        coast).} + {Velika & Zapadna
                                        Morava RR (Serbia).} + {AM}
                                        *{900-181} + {165-84} + {40-56}*

 26  48  -356 #     N Brutti          I Calabria Conquered all Greek        C
                                        cities but Croton & Thurii, S I.
                                                                                Branched off the Lucani. Part of the Oscan
                                                                                groups. Not clear whether descendants of
                                                                                Italici.

900 998  -356 -80   A Brutti          I {Calabria (less (26-48); these are  L
                                        the Greek coastal cities), S I} +
                                        {Calabria Conquered all Greek
                                        cities but Croton & Thurii, S I.}
                                        *{320-15} + {26-48}*
                                                                                End date mentioned in Atlas of Roman
                                                                                World, p. 62. Part of the Oscan groups.
                                                                                Not clear whether descendants of Italici.

 46  18  -356 -100  A Paeones         U Paeonia (See foldout map) (= (901-  I
                                        103))
                                                                                By (Greek-speaking) Macedonians. End date
                                                                                guess.

 17  18  -350 -200  A Helvetii        K Franconia                           L
                                                                                End date to permit movement to Rhine-
                                                                                Neckar area (see (27-155) & (900-957)).

234  37  -350 -200  A Tauri           U Crimea (ancient Taurida)            L
                                                                                Indigenous (pre-Indoeuropean?) tribe.
                                                                                Become Tauro-Scythae.

 17  20  -350 -275  A Volcae          K Bavaria, U. Styria                  L
                                                                                End date for consistency with (17-28).
                                                                                Note that (19-11) has them living in N
                                                                                Bohemia and perhaps in Moravia between 300
                                                                                BC & 100 BC, but this is quite
                                                                                conjectural. Depends on location of
                                                                                Hercynian Forest. (Syn. Volcae Tectosages)

900 232  -339 -334  N Scythians       R Dobrugea (up to W of Balcik, BG)    
                                                                                Acc/to (113-8), (122-21). From S Russia,
                                                                                pushed by Sarmatian expansion.

 46   5  -339 -335  N Triballi        P Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From BG portion of {900-283}. This is
                                                                                roughly between Struma and Iskar RR. *{900-
                                                                                284}*

234  20  -335 #     N Macedonians     H Pontic steppes (N shore Black Sea)  A
                                        to Olbia.
                                                                                From the area of the Illyrians (except for
                                                                                that of the Taulantians.) + Paeonia (see
                                                                                foldout map in ref 46.) + Chalcidice, S
                                                                                coast of Thrace + Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                                                                lower Danube R & along upper Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R and Isker R. + Odrysean
                                                                                Kingdom betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                                                                Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain) Aegaen Sea &
                                                                                Propontus (area around Sea of Marmara). +
                                                                                Philippopolis, Kabyle, Alexandropolis (nr
                                                                                S Thracian coast). *{900-181}*

165  84  -335 #     N Macedonians     H Velika & Zapadna Morava RR          C
                                        (Serbia).
                                                                                From the area of the Illyrians (except for
                                                                                that of the Taulantians.) + Paeonia (see
                                                                                foldout map in ref 46.) + Chalcidice, S
                                                                                coast of Thrace + Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                                                                lower Danube R & along upper Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R and Isker R. + Odrysean
                                                                                Kingdom betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                                                                Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain) Aegaen Sea &
                                                                                Propontus (area around Sea of Marmara). +
                                                                                Philippopolis, Kabyle, Alexandropolis (nr
                                                                                S Thracian coast). *{900-181}* Area of the
                                                                                Triballi.

123  16  -335 #     N Scordisci       K Morava RV, Belgrade, also area      M
                                        betw Mouth of Drave R & Iron Gate
                                                                                From C Europe. Date from map (307-12).
                                                                                Expanded location field in view of (46-26).

900 982  -335 -100  A Scordisci       K {Morava RV, Belgrade, also area     L
                                        betw Mouth of Drave R & Iron
                                        Gate}*{123-16}*
                                                                                Everywhere were mixed with older Y,
                                                                                Thracian or Dacian inhabitants. Start date
                                                                                for consistency with (123-16). End date
                                                                                for consistency with (165-72) & (165-73).
                                                                                Ancient geographers divided them into
                                                                                Greater Scordisci (in the Save R area
                                                                                up to the Morava R) and the Lesser
                                                                                Scordisci (E of the Morava R).

 40  56  -333 #     N Macedonians     H AM                                  C
                                                                                From Macedonia. *{900-181}*

322   1  -331 -300  A Jews            E Ephesus, Sardis (Lydia, AM)         S
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 22.
                                                                                More in Ephesus than in Sardis.

900 811  -331 -300  A Jews            E Cyprus                              S
                                                                                From Palestine. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 22.

900 800  -331 -50   A Jews            E {Ephesus, Sardis (Lydia, AM)}       L
                                        *{322-1}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (322-1) and
                                                                                (322-3).

900 812  -331 1930  A Jews            E {Cyprus} *{900-811}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-811). End date
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 198. By 1930 only 75
                                                                                people.

 46  19  -323 -148  N Dardani         Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map
                                                                                from ref 46, end of book xeroxed). *{900-
                                                                                327}* Series of attacks.

165  16  -320 #     A Autariatae      Y E of mid Axius (Vardar) R           A
                                                                                From SE Bosnia, SW Serbia, N Crna Gora
                                                                                (Montenegro). See map p.132, ref 117.
                                                                                *{900-74}*

901   7  -314 -302  N Romans          I {Areas of the Aequi, Volsci,        E
                                        Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                        (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)} +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World; include yellow areas). *{28-
                                        9} + Campagna ... *
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}* Start date acc/to
                                                                                Ploetz p. 192; end date acc/to Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World.

901  10  -314 -302  A Romans          I {Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,    L
                                        Putzger) } + {Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                        Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the
                                        Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas).} *{901-6}
                                        + {901-7}*                              Start date to conform to (901-7); end date
                                                                                see map p. 40 in Atlas of the Roman World.

128  18  -313 #     N Macedonians     H Mangalia in Dobrugea                C
                                                                                From the area of the Illyrians (except for
                                                                                that of the Taulantians.) + Paeonia (see
                                                                                foldout map in ref 46.) + Chalcidice, S
                                                                                coast of Thrace + Thessaly, Thrace, along
                                                                                lower Danube R & along upper Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R and Isker R. + Odrysean
                                                                                Kingdom betw Haimos Mts, (Haimos Mts =
                                                                                Haemus Mts = Balkan Mt Chain) Aegaen Sea &
                                                                                Propontus (area around Sea of Marmara). +
                                                                                Philippopolis, Kabyle, Alexandropolis (nr
                                                                                S Thracian coast). + Velika & Zapadna
                                                                                Morava RR (Serbia). + AM. *{900-182}*

 46  11  -310 #     N Autariatae      Y Mt. Orbelus (Paeonia) ( = Mt.       Q
                                        Bjelasica nr Petric, Greek-BG
                                        border).
                                                                                From YU: W (Zapadna) Morava, Lim, Tara RR.
                                                                                *{46-9}* 20K people, part of tribe only.

 27  86  -310 #     A Autariatae      Y Istria, Dalmatia                    S
                                                                                From SE Bosnia, SW Serbia N Crna Gora
                                                                                (Montenegro). See map p.132, ref 117.
                                                                                *{900-74}*

900  76  -310 -250  A Autariatae      Y {Istria, Dalmatia} *{27-86}*        L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-86).

900  78  -310 -275  A Autariatae      Y {Mt. Orbelus (Paeonia) ( = Mt.      L
                                        Bjelasica nr Petric, Greek-BG
                                        border).} *{46-11}*
                                                                                For consistency with (46-11).

901  11  -302 -290  N Romans          I Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40,   E
                                        Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                        yellow areas)
                                                                                Dates acc/to p. 40 Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World. From Latium, SW of Rome (see map
                                                                                26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ Volsci,
                                                                                Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                                                                f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) + Campagna,
                                                                                Picenum, C & SC I (see map p. 40, Atlas
                                                                                of the Roman World; include yellow areas).
                                                                                *{901-10}*

901  12  -302 -290  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I.}  L
                                        + {Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria} +
                                        {Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                        Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                        Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I (see
                                        map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman           Dates for consistency with (901-11).
                                        World; include yellow areas).} +
                                        {Picenum & Samnium (see map p. 40,
                                        Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                        yellow areas)} *{901-8} + {901-9}
                                        * * + {901-10} + {901-11} *

165  14  -300 -200  A Atintani        Y Albania betw Durres & Drin (Drim)   L
                                        R.

 19   9  -300 -100  A Boii            K E Lower A, S of Bohemia and         E
                                        Moravia to Danube R, W H, SW
                                        Slovakia
                                                                                From Bohemia & Moravia, CS *{307-10}*
                                                                                Reference to W H supported by (110-3) &
                                                                                (19-12), to SW Slovakia by (19-12).

900 968  -300 -44   A Boii            K {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower  L
                                        A, S of Bohemia and Moravia to
                                        Danube R, W H, SW Slovakia} *{307-
                                        10} + {19-9}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (19-9).
                                                                                End date latest of several giving their
                                                                                defeat and destruction by Dacians (acc/to
                                                                                (110-6)). Center of area dominated by Boii
                                                                                around Bratislava.

900 334  -300 100   N Breuci          Y Modern Sirmia (Srem, YU)            L
                                                                                Acc/to (51-18), (165-21), (110-13);
                                                                                Pannonian tribe.

 27 145  -300 -240  A Britons         K Scottish W coast                    Q
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-139}*. Remaining
                                                                                unnamed tribes.

143  39  -300 #     A Celts           K Clusium (Chiusi) & Sentinum (43     A
                                        deg 20' N, 12 deg 44' E), I
                                                                                From N of Alps. Referred to as 'Gallier'
                                                                                in ref.

 17  24  -300 -275  A Celts           K Ebro R, Algarve, Salamanca          Q
                                                                                From F. Start date acc/to (128-27).

 27 146  -300 -240  A Cornavi         K Caithness, Scotland                 M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-140}* But 2 maps
                                                                                (Geipel, map 26, & Zeissig: Neuer
                                                                                Geschichts - und Kulturatlas, p. 19) show
                                                                                Cornavi at approx. Lancashire, where the
                                                                                Corvi were supposed to have been. Could
                                                                                these be syn?

900 952  -300 50    A Cornavi         K {Caithness, Scotland} *{27-146}*    L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-146).
                                                                                End date: conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

 27 144  -300 -240  A Corvi           K Lancashire, England                 M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-138}* But 2 maps
                                                                                (Geipel, map 26, & Zeissig: Neuer
                                                                                Geschichts - und Kulturatlas, p. 19) show
                                                                                Cornavi at this location. Could these be
                                                                                syn?

900 951  -300 50    A Corvi           K {Lancashire, England} *{27-144}*    L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-144).

173  27  -300 100   A Dacians         P ROM excl. Dobrogea                  L
                                                                                (Syn. Daco-Getae, Getae.) Called Daco-
                                                                                Getae in ref.

165  30  -300 -1    A Daorsi          Y E of Naro (Neretva) R (nr lower     L
                                        course), YU.
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates around 3rd
                                                                                Illyrian war.

 46   7  -300 -200  A Dardani         Y Betw lower S Morava & Isker RR      A
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map
                                                                                from ref 46, end of book xeroxed). *{900-
                                                                                327}*

165  32  -300 -100  A Dassaretae      Y Betw L Ochrid & Berati (Albania)    L
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

165  33  -300 -1    A Delmatae        Y C Dalmatia (interior: above         L
                                        Salona) & in S Bosnian portions of
                                        Dinaric massif (center at
                                        Delminium, modern Zupanjac).
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates. Were
                                                                                conquered by Romans in 34 BC.

165  36  -300 200   A Derriopes       Y Along Crna Reka R nr Styberra,      L
                                        modern Cepigovo, N Macedonia.
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

 27 142  -300 -240  A Dobuni          K Upper Thames R basin                M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-136}* My transcription
                                                                                spells them Duboni.

900 953  -300 50    A Dobuni          K {Upper Thames R basin} *{27-142}*   L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-142).
                                                                                End date: conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans. My
                                                                                transcription spells them Duboni.

165  38  -300 200   A Docleatae       Y Doclea (mod. Duklja nr Titograd)    L
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

 27 141  -300 -240  A Dumnoni         K Devon & Cornwall, England           M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-135}*

 44  16  -300 50    A Dumnoni         K Devon & Cornwall                    L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-141).
                                                                                End date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romanization and amalgamation. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

900 346  -300 #     A Illyrians       Y Greek cities in YU & Albania.       S
                                        [These are Korcula (Curzola), Vis
                                        (Lissa), Hvar (Lesina), Trogir,
                                        Apollonia, and Durres (Durazzo)
                                        acc/to Bosi: Die Staedte der
                                        Griechen.]
                                                                                Acc/to (123-15). Some surrounding
                                                                                Illyrians settled in these cities and
                                                                                assimilated.

182  11  -300 #     A Jastorf         G Thuringia up to Unstrut R           E
                                                                                From Elbe-Saale RR area nr Riesa, in the
                                                                                Mulde area, in the Halle-Leipzig lowlands
                                                                                (Tieflandbucht). (hatching 8 in Abb 50).
                                                                                *{182-10}*

900 463  -300 -100  A Jastorf         G {Elbe-Saale RR area nr Riesa, in    L
                                        the Mulde area, in the Halle-
                                        Leipzig lowlands (Tieflandbucht).
                                        (hatching 8 in Abb 50).} +
                                        {Thuringia up to Unstrut R} *{182-
                                        10} + {182-11}*
                                                                                Acc/to (182-10), (182-11).

165  46  -300 -100  A Labeatae        Y Nr Skadar (Shkoder, Alb.) (see map  L
                                        1, ref 165).
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

165  85  -300 #     A Liburni         U Picenum & Apulia, I (Regions shown  S
                                        in Putzger Atlas p.23-26.)
                                                                                From Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R + YU
                                                                                coast from Opatija to mouth of Krka R (nr.
                                                                                Sibenik). *{900-302}*; "penetrated" these
                                                                                regions.

126   1  -300 -1    N Lusitani        U P betw Douro & Tejo RR & somewhat   L
                                        south of Tejo R
                                                                                Possibly Iberians.

 27 143  -300 -240  A Ordovici        K Wales & Cheshire                    M
                                                                                From Brittany *{27-137}*

900 950  -300 450   A Ordovici        K {Cheshire} *{27-143}*               L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-143).
                                                                                End date: conservative guess before
                                                                                amalgamation and Romanization. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: the Europeans. Ref. 27
                                                                                has them in Wales as late as 449 AD.

165  59  -300 -100  A Paeneste        Y Betw Kicevo & Gostivar (Macedonia,  L
                                        YU). (See map 1, ref 165.)
                                                                                Conservative bracketing dates.

165  65  -300 -100  A Pelagones       U {Pelagonia(Prilepec in Macedonia)}  I
                                        *{165-64}*
                                                                                By Macedonians. End date: guess.

234  39  -300 -110  A Pontus          H AM: S shore of Black Sea            L
                                                                                End date to conform to (234-40).
                                                                                Hellenistic kingdom. For map of area,
                                                                                Levi: Atlas of Greek World p.194.

900 473  -300 150   A Sciri           G Baltic area E of lower Vistula R.   L
                                                                                By implication acc/to ref 12 and (11-57).

234  36  -300 -100  A Scythians       R Crimea (ancient Taurida)            Q
                                                                                From S Russia, pushed by Sarmatians. Will
                                                                                mix with native Tauri to form Tauro-
                                                                                Scythae. This process took 200 yrs.

 32   6  -300 -250  A Turcics         T N & E of Altai Mts                  L

 27  89  -298 -279  N Belgae          K Bulgaria, Illyria Macedonia,        A
                                        Paeonia (in Balkans), Thrace,
                                        Delphi.
                                                                                From B. With other unnamed Celts.

 27  87  -298 -279  N Boii            K Bulgaria, Illyria Macedonia,        A
                                        Paeonia (in Balkans), Thrace,
                                        Delphi.
                                                                                From {Bohemia & Moravia, CS} + {E Lower A,
                                                                                S of Bohemia and Moravia to Danube R, W H,
                                                                                SW Slovakia} *{900-968}* With other
                                                                                unnamed Celts.

 27  88  -298 -279  N Volcae          K Bulgaria, Illyria Macedonia,        A
                                        Paeonia (in Balkans), Thrace,
                                        Delphi.
                                                                                From Bavaria, U. Styria *{17-20}* With
                                                                                other unnamed Celts. Syn. Volcae
                                                                                Tectosages.

900 992  -290 -284  N Celts           K W Ukraine, S PL, Bessarabia         
                                                                                From C Europe. Record synthesized from (38-
                                                                                4) and (234-21).

901  13  -290 -241  N Romans          I Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager  E
                                        Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41,
                                        Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                        yellow areas)
                                                                                Dates acc/to p. 41 Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C
                                                                                I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW
                                                                                of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of
                                                                                the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21
                                                                                of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). *{901-12}*

 28   7  -290 #     A Romans          I Venusia (fortress, nr border betw   S
                                        Lucania & Apulia, S I)
                                                                                From Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                                                                Putzger) *{901-6}* 20K settlers.

901  14  -290 -241  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I.   L
                                        + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria +
                                        Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,
                                        Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ,
                                        Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                        Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                        Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C &
                                        SC I (see map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Dates for consistency with (901-13).
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas)} + {Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas)} *{901-12} +
                                        {901-13}*

 28  14  -280 -275  N Epirus          Y S I, Sicily                         A
                                                                                King Pyrrhus from Epirus with 20K
                                                                                mercenaries.

 46   6  -280 -200  A Scordisci       K Betw lower S Morava & Isker RR      A
                                        (YU, BG)
                                                                                Area of the Triballi. From Morava RV,
                                                                                Belgrade, also area betw Mouth of Drave R
                                                                                & Iron Gate *{123-16}*

128  29  -279 #     N Galatians       K Galatia, AM (see Putzger p.16)      M
                                                                                From Balkans. 20K of whom 10K were armed
                                                                                (ref 143, p. 37).

900 986  -279 1     N Galatians       K {Galatia, AM (see Putzger p.16)}    L
                                        *{128-29}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (128-29). End
                                                                                date conservative bound after conquest by
                                                                                Romans (25 BC). Ref 128 mentions St.
                                                                                Hieronymos who reports Celtic still spoken
                                                                                in Galatia in the 4th c. AD.

 40  58  -278 -212  N Celts           K Thrace from Strymon R to Black Sea  Q
                                        until lower Hebros R & thence to
                                        Byzantion.
                                                                                From C Europe. Celtic kingdom of Tylis.

143  49  -278 -193  N Celts           K {Thrace from Strymon R to Black     L
                                        Sea until lower Hebros R & thence
                                        to Byzantion.} *{40-58}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (40-58). Ref states
                                                                                rapidly Hellenized by Greek Byzantines.

165  70  -278 #     N Scordisci       K Delphi, GR                          A
                                                                                From Morava RV, Belgrade, also area betw
                                                                                Mouth of Drave R & Iron Gate *{900-982}*

 17  26  -275 #     A BV              K Bordelais nr Buch (probably in      M
                                        Aquitaine or Languedos, F)
                                                                                Not stated from where. Bituriges Vivisci
                                                                                abbreviated as BV.(It has been added to
                                                                                the people synonymn list.) (May be a
                                                                                subgroup of Biturigi.)

 27 133  -275 #     A Belgae          K Upper I                             Q
                                                                                From B.

 17  27  -275 #     A Nitiobriges     K Agenais region of F                 M
                                                                                From where not stated.

 17  28  -275 #     A Volcae          K Toulousain                          M
                                                                                From Bavaria, U. Styria *{17-20}*

 53  24  -264 -241  N Romans          I Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta    E
                                        (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World)
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii, & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). *{901-14}*

901  15  -264 -241  N Romans          I {Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta   L
                                        (see p. 45, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World)} *{53-24}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (53-24).

900  23  -250 113   A Ambrones        G N Frisian Isl. & Dithmarschen +     L
                                        Jutland (DK).
                                                                                Acc/to (12-63), (182-22). End date acc/to
                                                                                (12-66).

 12  55  -250 -200  A Bastarnae       G N & E slopes of Carpath.            L
                                                                                Start date: conservative guess.

180   4  -250 #     A Belgae          K B                                   M
                                                                                From E of Rhine R. These may not be the
                                                                                same Belgae as those already in B. Infused
                                                                                with German genetic elements. Note that
                                                                                (143-55) times this event 150 to 125 BC.

 27  93  -250 #     A Celts           K Lower Danube R                      A
                                                                                From Thrace from Strymon R to Black Sea
                                                                                until lower Hebros R & thence to Byzantion
                                                                                *{40-58}*

 12  61  -250 250   A Cimbri          G NE Jutland in area called           L
                                        Himmerland.
                                                                                Some left behind after main mass of people
                                                                                left in 2nd c BC. End date is beyond 5 AD
                                                                                (acc/to (12-82)) b no later than entrance
                                                                                of Danes in 6th C.

900 271  -250 -200  N Dacians         P E H                                 E
                                                                                Acc/to (110-4), (129-17). (Syn. Getae,
                                                                                Daco-Getae). From ROM excl. Dobrogea.
                                                                                *{173-27}*

901 201  -250 100   A Dacians         P {E H} *{900-271}*                   L

165  35  -250 -150  A Dentheleti      P Upper Struma R betw Vitosa &        L
                                        Osogovske planina Mts. Center at
                                        Pautalia (modern Kjustendil). (See
                                        fig 1, ref 40.)
                                                                                Fought against Philip V of Macedon in 183
                                                                                BC (chronology of ref 40).

165  37  -250 -150  A Ditiones        Y Nr sources of Krka R (Dalmatia) &   L
                                        on both sides of Dinara Mts.
                                        Village of Ivosevci nr Kistanje in
                                        their territory.

231  20  -250 -150  A Greeks          H E coast of Spain                    L

 38   6  -250 #     A Jastorf         G Up to Persante (Parseta in PL) R.   E
                                                                                From C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.
                                                                                Schwerin and Oder R. Also across Oder R up
                                                                                to Ina (Ihna) R. (hatching 5 in Abb 50).
                                                                                *{182-7}*

900 465  -250 -200  A Jastorf         G {C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.    L
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50).} + {Up to
                                        Persante (Parseta in PL) R.} *{182-
                                        7} + {38-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to (38-6), (182-7).

 27 152  -250 #     A Parisi          K E Yorkshire (acc/to (143-54))       M
                                        Firth of Forth
                                                                                From Seine R mouth.

 44  17  -250 50    A Parisi          K E Yorkshire                         L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-152). End
                                                                                date conservative guess before
                                                                                Romaniazation and amalgamation. See also
                                                                                map 26 in Geipel: The Europeans.

 40  74  -250 1     N Taurisci        K Noricum RP                          L
                                                                                Dates conservative bounds. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (165-81), end date conservative
                                                                                guess based on this record.

 12  62  -250 -113  A Teutones        G Schleswig-Holstein                  L
                                                                                End date acc/to (12-65).

 27  97  -244 #     N Pergamon        H High plains of Phrygia, AM          C
                                                                                Galatian area. From Pergamon, AM.

 40  61  -241 -203  N Egyptians       O Thrace                              C
                                                                                From Egypt. Occupied by Egyptian troops by
                                                                                treaty.

901  16  -241 -225  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (901-14) and (901-
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      15); end date to conform to (143-41).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas)} + {Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World)}
                                        *{901-14} + {901-15}*

 27 147  -240 -200  A Britons         K Ulster, Connaught, nr Dublin        Q
                                        Leinster & Co. Mayo
                                                                                From W coast of Scotland.

900 931  -236 -218  N Carthaginians   E E Spain (see Putzger p. 22 pale     C
                                        blue area)
                                                                                From N Africa (with an army of Lybians,
                                                                                see (232-9)). Start date acc/to (231-19).
                                                                                End date acc/to Putzger p. 22.

900 932  -236 -206  N Carthaginians   E {S & E Iberia, Ancient Tartessus    L
                                        (area of Lower Guadalquivir R).} +
                                        {E Spain (see Putzger p. 22 pale
                                        blue area)} *{228-2} + {900-931}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-931). End
                                                                                date defeat by Romans. Armies left but
                                                                                colonies remained and became romanized.

 46  23  -230 #     A Dardani         Y Illyrian kingdom (in Albania,       A
                                        location W of L Scutari.)
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map
                                                                                from ref 46, end of book xeroxed). *{900-
                                                                                327}*

 11   7  -230 #     N Galatians       K Olbia Modern Nikolayev, SU nr       A
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.
                                                                                From Thrace. These may not be Galatians
                                                                                proper but may be a synonym for Gauls or
                                                                                Celts.

 11   9  -230 -190  A Sciri           G Olbia Modern Nikolayev, SU nr       A
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.
                                                                                End date acc/to (12-35). From Baltic area
                                                                                E of lower Vistula R (acc/to (12-36)).

165  88  -229 #     N Macedonians     H Kosovo, S Serbia & N Macedonia      A
                                        (Nis, Skopje, Kursumlijska Banja)
                                                                                From Macedonia.

 27  95  -225 #     A Celts           K NE of Dobrugea                      A
                                                                                From Balkans.

143  41  -225 -190  N Romans          I N I up to Alps                      E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World). *{901-16}* Defeated Celts in
                                                                                battle of Telamon 225 BC and in subsequent
                                                                                wars.

901  17  -225 -218  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (901-16); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (232-6).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World)} +
                                        {N I up to Alps} *{901-16} + {143-
                                        41}*

165  79  -225 #     N Taurisci        K Telamon (modern Talamone)           A
                                        (Tuscany, I)
                                                                                From Alps. (Ref says from Gaul.
                                                                                Unsubstantiated.) Part of tribe
                                                                                annihilated by Romans.(Syn. Teurisci.)

165  81  -225 #     A Taurisci        K Area from L Balaton to SW Pannonia  Q
                                        RP
                                                                                From Noricum (later RP). Part of tribe.

110  31  -225 200   A Taurisci        K {Area from L Balaton to SW          L
                                        Pannonia RP} *{165-81}*
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (165-81).
                                                                                End date from this record.

143  40  -222 #     N Gaesates        K Clastidium (modern Casteggio), S    A
                                        of Po R, I
                                                                                From B.

165  90  -222 #     N Illyrii         Y Macedonia                           A
                                                                                From area W of L Scutari. *{165-45}*

165  91  -218 -201  N Carthaginians   E I                                   A
                                                                                From E & N Africa. Army included Lybians
                                                                                and mercenaries from Iberian peninsula
                                                                                (Celtiberians).

 53   6  -218 -204  N Iberians        U I                                   A
                                                                                From S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:
                                                                                Spain at the Dawn of History for Spanish
                                                                                portion) + Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                                                                Cevennes. *{900-991}* As mercenaries of
                                                                                Greeks and Carthaginians.

232   6  -218 -197  N Romans          I Carthago Nova (Cartagena)           E
                                        Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del
                                        Rio). Founded Territories of
                                        Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an indentation
                                        into the L Ebro RV, & Hispania
                                        Ulterior, comprising
                                        the future RP of Baetica, ca            From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                        modern Andalusia (well illustrated      Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                        on map, p. 43, ref 53).                 Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps. *{901-17}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (53-25); end date acc/to
                                                                                ref 53, map p. 43.

901  20  -218 -197  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (232-6); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (53-27) and (224-44).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps} + {Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-17} + {232-
                                        6}*

 40  62  -215 #     N Macedonians     H Illyria                             A
                                                                                From Macedonia.

367   2  -200 -100  A Agathyrsi       P Carpathian Basin, Transylvania      L
                                                                                Language code via Geipel.

900   9  -200 #     A Alans           R Lower Volga R betw Caucasus & Sea   M
                                        of Azov, & in Pontic Steppes (N of
                                        Black Sea).
                                                                                Acc/to (211-4), described as a tribe of
                                                                                the Sarmatians. Not clear from where.
                                                                                *{Location info acc/to (32-9).}*

900  10  -200 250   A Alans           R {Lower Volga R betw Caucasus & Sea  L
                                        of Azov, & in Pontic Steppes (N of
                                        Black Sea).} *{900-9}*

367   3  -200 -100  A Alazones        U Betw Dnestr & Juznyi Bug RR due W   L
                                        of Pervomajsk, SU.
                                                                                Language code is uncertain; may be "R."

234  30  -200 #     A Aorsi           R E of steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR    M
                                        on lower Don R.
                                                                                A Sarmatian tribe from the east.

900 249  -200 200   A Aorsi           R {E of steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR   L
                                        on lower Don R.} *{234-30}*
                                                                                A Sarmatian tribe from the east. Dominated
                                                                                (ruled) and presumably absorbed by Alans
                                                                                (ref 234, p.88).

367   6  -200 -100  A Aratores        R Area SW of Kiev, along Rastavica    L
                                        R, SU.

  9  11  -200 #     A Bastarnae       G Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr   Q
                                        Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.].)
                                                                                From N & E slopes of Carpath. *{12-55}*
                                                                                Others moved elsewhere acc/to (40-66), (48-
                                                                                32).

 40  66  -200 -180  N Bastarnae       G Dobrugea                            Q
                                                                                From N & E slopes of Carpath. *{12-55}*
                                                                                acc/to (12-55). Others moved elsewhere
                                                                                acc/to (9-11) and (48-32).

 48  32  -200 #     A Bastarnae       G N & C Moldavia                      Q
                                                                                From N & E slopes of Carpath. *{12-55}*
                                                                                Others moved elsewhere acc/to (9-11), (40-
                                                                                66).

900 195  -200 230   N Bastarnae       G {Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr  L
                                        Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr
                                        mouth of Dnepr R.].)} + {N & C
                                        Moldavia} + {Dobrugea} *{9-11} +
                                        {48-32} + {40-66}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (9-11), (40-66),
                                                                                (48-32). End date to conform to (11-56).

 16   5  -200 1     A Burgundians     G Oder-Vistula region See map 6,      L
                                        upper panel.
                                                                                Acc/to La Baume. Typical view of German &
                                                                                Western scholars. Contrast with Slavic
                                                                                views given in (16-13) to (16-20).

170   9  -200 -150  A Burgundians     G Bornholm (Island)                   L
                                                                                Start date conservative. End date to
                                                                                conform to (170-13). But note that (185-
                                                                                10) considers Burgundians to have
                                                                                originated along middle Oder R.

232  13  -200 1     A Calaeci         K N P (N of Oporto), Galicia, E       L
                                                                                Conquered by Romans shortly after 137 BC.
                                                                                Dates are very conservative bounds.
                                                                                Probably there much earlier. Syn.
                                                                                Gallaeci. End date guess about Strabo (231-
                                                                                4).

 27 149  -200 -100  A Caledonians     U Scotland                            I
                                                                                By Brythonic speaking Celts. In part only.

 27 105  -200 #     A Carni           K S side of Julic Alps                E
                                                                                From Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in NW
                                                                                Slovenija (YU) near town of Kranj) *{900-
                                                                                310}* Displacing Veneti.

900 311  -200 1     A Carni           K {Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in  L
                                        NW Slovenija (YU) near town of
                                        Kranj)} + {S side of Julic Alps}
                                        *{900-310} + {27-105}*
                                                                                End date approximate Roman conquest (ref
                                                                                27).

900 286  -200 200   A Carpi           P Upper Tisza R                       L
                                                                                Dacian tribe; end date because of ref (110-
                                                                                45). We are not totally certain that their
                                                                                location is correct.

 12 176  -200 -100  N Chatti          G Middle & Upper Ruhr R               L
                                                                                This is only reference locating them
                                                                                there. Other sources cite their early home
                                                                                as unknown.

 27 151  -200 -100  A Darini          U N IRL                               I
                                                                                By Celts.

202   7  -200 400   A Finns           F W & SW SF; to Tavastia (Haeme), up  M
                                        the Kokemaeki R system. (map 1).
                                                                                From S side of Gulf of Finland, mainly
                                                                                Estonia.

181   7  -200 500   A Frisians        G N NL                                L

 32  10  -200 300   A Germanics       G Lower Volga R betw Caucasus & Sea   L
                                        of Azov, & in Pontic Steppes (N of
                                        Black Sea).
                                                                                Early part of this period not confirmed by
                                                                                sources on specific Germanic tribes. Later
                                                                                part could be Goths and/or Heruli.

900 957  -200 #     N Helvetii        K {Betw Rhine & Neckar RR} *{27-155}* M
                                                                                For consistency with (17-18) and (27-155).
                                                                                This migration is not documented.

 27 155  -200 -150  A Helvetii        K Betw Rhine & Neckar RR              L

234  26  -200 #     A Iazyges         R Bessarabia                          M
                                                                                From Don R area. (SYN = Iazygians). M.I.
                                                                                Rostovtzeff believes them to be not
                                                                                Sarmatians but Maeotian (indigenous pre-
                                                                                Indoeuropean people of the area) but
                                                                                probably with Iranian leadership.

900 246  -200 25    A Iazyges         R {Bessarabia} *{234-26}*             L
                                                                                To conform to (234-27).

 13  15  -200 #     A Jastorf         G Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka in  E
                                        PL) R.
                                                                                From C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.
                                                                                Schwerin and Oder R. Also across Oder R up
                                                                                to Ina (Ihna) R (hatching 5 in Abb 50). +
                                                                                Up to Persante (Parseta in PL) R. *{900-
                                                                                465}*

182  13  -200 #     A Jastorf         G S Thuringia (Orlagau)               E
                                                                                From Thuringia up to Unstrut R. *{182-11}*

900 464  -200 -100  A Jastorf         G {S Thuringia (Orlagau)} *{182-13}*  L

900 466  -200 -100  A Jastorf         G {C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.    L
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50). + Up to
                                        Persante (Parseta in PL) R.} +
                                        {Lower Oder to Passarge (Pasleka
                                        in PL) R.} *{900-465} + {13-15}*
                                                                                Acc/to (13-15) and (38-6).

  9  23  -200 -100  A Lombards        G Schonen (southernmost peninsula of  L
                                        Sweden, E of Malmoe).
                                                                                Called Vinnili at that time.

165  66  -200 50    A Pirustae        Y Mirdita prov. (N Alb) (See          L
                                        Jugoslawien Road Map, Freytag &
                                        Berudt.)

234  28  -200 #     A Roxolani        R Steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR         M
                                                                                A Sarmatian tribe. From steppes E of Don R.

900 242  -200 25    A Roxolani        R {Steppes betw Dnepr & Don RR}       L
                                        *{234-28}*
                                                                                To agree with (234-28). A Sarmatian tribe.

 12  14  -200 -100  A Rugii           G S S                                 L
                                                                                Some supposedly moved north (to Norway?).

900 525  -200 180   A Semnones        G Elbe-Havel RR area bounded by Elbe  L
                                        R in W and in S by Hermunduri
                                        tribal area (Middle Oder R area).
                                        E border Burgundians, separated by
                                        Spree or Havel RR. (See Abb 4,
                                        p.48.)
                                                                                Acc/to (182-9), (183-10), (185-8), (185-9).

900 974  -200 -100  A Sequani         K Alsace, Palatinate, S-Rhine-Hesse   E
                                                                                From Franche-Comte, F *{143-8}* This
                                                                                record created to allow for their presence
                                                                                in these areas acc/to (12-134). Date and
                                                                                fact of expansion are questionable.

 12 134  -200 -61   A Sequani         K {Franche-Comte, F} + {Alsace,       L
                                        Palatinate, S-Rhine- Hesse} *{143-
                                        8} + {900-974}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-974).

234  31  -200 #     A Siracae         R SE of Sea of Azov centered on       M
                                        Kuban RV.
                                                                                A Sarmatian tribe from the East.

900 250  -200 200   A Siracae         R {SE of Sea of Azov centered on      L
                                        Kuban RV.} *{234-31}*
                                                                                Dominated (ruled) and presumably absorbed
                                                                                by Alans (ref 234, p.88).

234  38  -200 -100  A Tauro-Scythae   U Crimea (ancient Taurida)            L
                                                                                Formed by the amalgamation of Scythians &
                                                                                Tauri. (See records 234-36, 234-37).

367   5  -200 -100  A Tyritae         U Area just inland from Black Sea,    L
                                        betw Dnestr & Kogil'nik RR, S
                                        Moldavia, SU.
                                                                                Probably Iranian speakers (source?).

  6   1  -200 -100  A Vandals         G Uppland in S                        L
                                                                                Also located by other authors (170-8) in N
                                                                                Jutland, DK.

170   8  -200 -100  A Vandals         G N Jutland                           L
                                                                                Also located by other authors in Uppland
                                                                                Prov., S (6-1).

 53  27  -197 -172  N Romans          I Ebro R basin in Navarre & Rioja &   E
                                        high R basins of the Guadiana,
                                        Jucar & Turia RR (well
                                        illustratedon map, p. 43, ref 53).
                                                                                Start date to conform to (232-6). From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                20}*
224  44  -197 -133  N Romans          I RP Asia in AM                       E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) to the +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                20}*
901  19  -197 -178  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (53-27) and (224-
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      44); end date to conform to (165-93).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-20} + {53-
                                        27} + {224-44}*

 40  63  -195 #     N Seleucids       U S Thracian coast (mod. GR & TR)     A
                                                                                From AM and/or Syria. This is a dynasty at
                                                                                this time ruling Syria & AM. Army probably
                                                                                Greek-speaking.

165  92  -186 #     N Celts           K Aquileia (Friulia)                  Q
                                                                                Not stated from where. Probably from
                                                                                Pannonia, or Illyria.

 46  20  -184 #     N Bastarnae       G S Serbia, defined by Novi Pazar,    A
                                        Nis, Stalac, Titov Veles, Prizren
                                        (See foldout map, end of book
                                        xeroxed).
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) *{9-11}*

 40  65  -183 -181  N Macedonians     H Interior Thrace fighting Bessen in  A
                                        Hebros R area, Dentheleti on Upper
                                        Strymon R, Maidae betw Upper
                                        Strymon & Hebres R, reached Haines
                                        (Haemus = Balkan) Mts.
                                                                                From Macedonia.

 12  57  -179 #     N Bastarnae       G RP Moesia Superior S part nr        A
                                        Naissus (known as Dardania,
                                        Naissus may be mod. Nis, YU.).
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) *{9-11}* 30K stayed, rest
                                                                                returned to N shore Black Sea. Those who
                                                                                stayed were annihilated in 176 BC by
                                                                                Dardanians (acc/to (12-58)).

 40  67  -179 #     N Bastarnae       G Thrace                              A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

165  93  -178 -177  N Romans          I Istria                              E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) to the +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                19}*
901  21  -178 -168  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (165-93); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (46-22).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-19} + {165-
                                        93}*

128  20  -175 #     N Bastarnae       G Dardania                            A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

 46  22  -168 -148  N Romans          I Macedonia RP, Illyricum             E
                                                                                From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +
                                                                                Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of
                                                                                Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the
                                                                                Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also
                                                                                Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                                                                Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories of
                                                                                Hispania Citerior (the coastal
                                                                                strip running from Baria (Vera) to the +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                21}*
901  22  -168 -154  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (46-22); end date
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      to conform to (901-18).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-21} + {46-
                                        22}*

901  18  -154 -133  N Romans          I W Iberia not incl Asturia &         E
                                        Cantabria
                                                                                Dates acc/to map, p. 43, ref 53. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of the Aequ
                                                                                Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici. Also Picenum.
                                                                                (shown f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger)
                                                                                + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see map p.
                                                                                40, Atlas of the Roman World; include
                                                                                yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium (see
                                                                                map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Etruria up to
                                                                                Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I (see
                                                                                map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps + Carthago
                                                                                Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                                                                (Alcala del Rio). Founded Territories
                                                                                of Hispania Citerior (the coastal strip +
                                                                                more comment; see long record. *{901-
                                                                                22}*
901  23  -154 -150  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (901-18); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (123-17).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-22} + {901-
                                        18}*

 17  40  -151 #     N Romans          I Area of Golf Juan up to Monaco      A
                                        (Cote d'Azur)
                                                                                Added Ligurian area to that of Marseilles.
                                                                                Romans did not conquer Marseilles until
                                                                                121 BC. From Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C
                                                                                I + Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW
                                                                                of Rome, (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas of
                                                                                the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                                                                & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p.
                                                                                21 of Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC
                                                                                I (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas). + Picenum &
                                                                                Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas)
                                                                                + Etruria up to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager
                                                                                Gallicus, & S I (see map p. 41, Atlas of
                                                                                the Roman World; include yellow areas) +
                                                                                Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                                                                45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N I up to
                                                                                Alps + Carthago Nova (Cartagena)
                                                                                Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa (Alcala del Rio).
                                                                                Founded Territories + more comment;
                                                                                See long record. *{901-23}*
389   8  -150 -50   A Arra            K E England, see map 20a (10);        L
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Gens is a La Tene group.

389   7  -150 -50   A Aylesford-Swarl K S England, see map 20a (9);         L
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Gens is a La Tene group: 'Aylesford-
                                                                                Swarling'.

123  22  -150 #     A Bastarnae       G W Moesia RP                         A
                                                                                From the Pontus=(N shore of Black Sea) (nr
                                                                                Olbia [Modern Nikolayev, SU nr mouth of
                                                                                Dnepr R.].) + N & C Moldavia + Dobrugea.
                                                                                *{9-11} + {48-32} + {40-66}*

170  13  -150 -100  A Burgundians     G Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map    M
                                        6, ref 16).
                                                                                From Bornholm Is. But Wenskus (ref 9)
                                                                                argues that their large numbers call for a
                                                                                larger area of origin- S SCA.

900 477  -150 250   A Burgundians     G Lower Oder & Vistula RR (see map    L
                                        6, ref 16). *{170-13}*
                                                                                Acc/to (12-44), (12-45), (12-46). (Located
                                                                                E of Semnones & N of Lugii (germanic
                                                                                tribes) acc/to (192-1)).

389  25  -150 -25   N Finno-Ugrians   F Volochow & Velikaja RR area,        L
                                        around & S of Leningrad, N SU & E
                                        SF, see map 20a(21,25);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Area coded 21 refers to Finno-Ugrian
                                                                                'tribes' who made 'textile ceramics'. A
                                                                                'Textile Ceramic Culture' had existed
                                                                                here, & to the N and E of here, since 1200
                                                                                BC according to this atlas. This clearly
                                                                                refers to a mixture of Finnic and
                                                                                Ugric tribes, not the Finno-Ugric
                                                                                ancestors. These may have to be recoded
                                                                                later with a letter other than F, to
                                                                                distinguish them from the Finnic and Ugric
                                                                                branches (their descendants). End date
                                                                                interpolated between this record and (390-
                                                                                2).

 27 154  -150 #     A Helvetii        K Switzerland                         M
                                                                                From between Rhine & Neckar RR*{27-155}*
                                                                                Pushed out of their destroyed areas by
                                                                                Germanic tribes.

361  16  -150 50    A Helvetii        K CH, betw L Neuchatel & Luzern       L
                                                                                Map also shows Romance-German Linguistic
                                                                                Boundary from Middle Ages-1200.

133   6  -150 -50   A Kampoi          K Kamp RV, L A                        L

232  11  -150 -139  N Lusitani        U C Spain, Andalusia                  A
                                                                                From P betw Douro & Tejo RR & somewhat
                                                                                south of Tejo R. *{126-1}*

389   4  -150 -50   N Melaun-Fritzen  U W A, see map 20a (4);               L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Group.

389  10  -150 200   N Oksywia         U E half of area betw Vistula and     L
                                        Oder RR, PL, see map 20a (12);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture name is "Oksywsk" on original map.
                                                                                May be the culture of the Venedi, but not
                                                                                clear that they are Slavic. End date
                                                                                acc/to (13-13). Acc/to (13-13), part of
                                                                                Brandgrubengraeberkultur.

389  24  -150 100   N Pjanobor        U Kama R area W of Ural Mtns, see     L
                                        map 20a (24); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (390-1).

389  26  -150 -50   N Poienesti-Luka  U Area betw Carpathian Mtns &         L
                                        Juzinyi Bug RR, E R & SW SU, see
                                        map 20a (27); "Archeologicky
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full gens name: "Poienesti-Lukasevka"
                                                                                (culture).

389   9  -150 100   N Puchovsk        U NE CS, see map 20a (11);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (390-11).

133   7  -150 -50   A Rakatai         K E of Kamp RV, L A                   L

123  17  -150 -146  N Romans          I GR                                  E
                                                                                End date establishment of RP Achaea (e.g.,
                                                                                see Putzger). Source includes Macedonia,
                                                                                but (46-22) already refers to it. From
                                                                                Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I + Sutrium
                                                                                & Nepet, Etruria + Latium, SW of Rome,
                                                                                (see map 26, Putzger) + Areas
                                                                                of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini, & Hernici.
                                                                                Also Picenum. (shown f.ex. p. 21 of
                                                                                Putzger) + Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas). + Picenum & Samnium
                                                                                (see map p. 40, Atlas of the Roman
                                                                                World; include yellow areas) + Etruria up
                                                                                to Arnus (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                                                                (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman World;
                                                                                include yellow areas) + Sicily, Corsica,
                                                                                Sardinia, Malta (see p. 45, Atlas of the
                                                                                Roman World) + N I up to Alps
                                                                                + Carthago Nova (Cartagena) Guadalquivir
                                                                                RV, Ilipa + more comment; see long record.
                                                                                *{901-23}*
901  24  -150 -148  N Romans          I {Falerii, Tarquinii & Caere, C I +  L
                                        Sutrium & Nepet, Etruria + Latium,
                                        SW of Rome (see map 26, Putzger) +
                                        Areas of the Aequ Volsci, Sabini,
                                        & Hernici. Also Picenum. (shown
                                        f.ex. p. 21 of Putzger) +
                                        Campagna, Picenum, C & SC I (see
                                        map
                                        p. 40, Atlas of the Roman World;        Start date to conform to (123-17); end
                                        include yellow areas). + Picenum &      date to conform to (40-68).
                                        Samnium (see map p. 40, Atlas of
                                        the Roman World; include yellow
                                        areas) + Etruria up to Arnus
                                        (Arno) R, Ager Gallicus, & S I
                                        (see map p. 41, Atlas of the Roman
                                        World;
                                        include yellow areas) + Sicily,
                                        Corsica, Sardinia, Malta (see p.
                                        45, Atlas of the Roman World) + N
                                        I up to Alps + Carthago Nova
                                        (Cartagena) Guadalquivir RV, Ilipa
                                        (Alcala del Rio). Founded
                                        Territories of Hispania Citerior
                                        (the coastal
                                        strip running from Baria (Vera) to
                                        the Pyrenees, with an (shortened -
                                        see long record) *{901-23} + {123-
                                        17}*

900 238  -150 #     A Sarmatians      R {S & E SU & E R, betw Siret and     C
                                        Urals, see map 20a (19);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. (See areas {900-
                                        237} + {900-238}.)} *{389-18}*
                                                                                Acc/to (389-18). From S SU, around lower
                                                                                Volga R, see map 18a (37a); 'Archeologicky
                                                                                Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska' + Russian
                                                                                steppes E of Don R. *{900-237}*

389  18  -150 300   N Sarmatians      R S & E SU & E R, betw Siret and      L
                                        Urals, see map 20a (19);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'. (See areas {900-
                                        237} + {900-238}.)
                                                                                Upper date changed from -50 to 300 to
                                                                                correspond with other sources.

165  71  -150 #     A Scordisci       K Macedonia RP                        A
                                                                                From Morava RV, Belgrade, also area
                                                                                between mouth of Drave R & Iron Gate *{900-
                                                                                982}*

234  25  -150 #     A Scythians       R Dobrugea                            Q
                                                                                From Dniepr R area. Part of Scythians only.

389  17  -150 -50   N Scythians       R Crimea, NW coast Black Sea, SU,     L
                                        see map 20a (18); 'Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Assimilated by Tauri.

900 221  -150 1     N Wielbark        U {N PL, S to Varta R & Notec R, E    L
                                        to Olsztyn Lakes, incl Masovia &
                                        Podlasia.} *{185-12}*
                                                                                Acc/to (185-12) and (148-2).

389  19  -150 -25   N Zarubincy       U N Ukraine, S & E Belorussia, &      L
                                        Upper Desna R area, see map 20a
                                        (20); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Assumed by some to have been early Slavs.
                                                                                However recent sources, e.g. Vana: World
                                                                                of Ancient Slavs and Struve in Bernhard &
                                                                                Kandler-Palsson question whether Zarubincy
                                                                                are Slavs. Culture. End date compromise
                                                                                with (390-6).


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Last Altered January 10, 1996
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