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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

900 158  -950 #     A Dorians         H Rhodes, Cos (Is)                    S
                                                                                Acc/to (224-34). From Peloponnese.

387  42  -950 -700  N Pre-Kazan       U Area around & W of Kama R, see map  L
                                        17a (40); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

387  40  -950 -700  N Textile Ceramic U Betw L Ladoga & Unza R, SU, see     L
                                        map 17a (38); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Start date interpolated between this
                                                                                record and (386-25). Culture.

224  19  -920 #     N Aramaeans       E Samal in Amanus Mts AM (modern Nur  C
                                        Daglari).
                                                                                Probably from Syria. *{900-52}*

129   4  -900 -800  A Cimmerians      R Transcaucasia (area S of Caucasus). E
                                                                                From Pontic area (N & NE of Black Sea).

901 216  -900 -800  A Cimmerians      R {E R, E BG, S SU, around Black Sea  Q
                                        and N as far as Kiev, SU.} *{305-
                                        8}*
                                                                                Acc/to (119-16). From area betw lower
                                                                                Danube & Caucasus Mts. *{37-3}*

305   8  -900 -600  A Cimmerians      R E R, E BG, S SU, around Black Sea   L
                                        and N as far as Kiev, SU.

 26  22  -900 -367  A Falisci         I Region around Civita Castellana,C I L
                                                                                End date acc/to (165-5). Location from
                                                                                Encyclopaedia Brittanica.

224  16  -900 -700  A Kaska           U Area betw Halys & U Euphrates RR    E
                                                                                From N of Kattusha (mod. Bgazkoey) AM.
                                                                                *{219-7}*

901 116  -900 -700  A Kaska           U {N of Kattusha (mod. Bgazkoey) AM}  L
                                        + {Area betw Halys & U Euphrates
                                        RR} *{219-7} + {224-16}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (224-16). End
                                                                                date: no mention of these subsequent to
                                                                                (224-16).

 26  21  -900 -450  A Latini          I Latium, SW of Rome (see map 26,     L
                                        Putzger)
                                                                                End date arbitrary; changed name to Romans.

 47  41  -900 -850  A Liburni         Y Epidamnos & Mati RV (both in N      S
                                        Albania.) (See p.67 of Atlas of
                                        Greek World.)
                                                                                From Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R + YU
                                                                                coast from Opatija to mouth of Krka R (nr.
                                                                                Sibenik). *{900-302}* Displaced the
                                                                                Taulantii.

900 303  -900 -626  A Liburni         Y {Epidamnos & Mati RV (both in N     L
                                        Albania.) (See p.67 of Atlas of
                                        Greek World.)} *{47-41}*
                                                                                Acc/to (47-41) and (47-70). Expelled by
                                                                                settlers from Corcyra (Corfu) led by a
                                                                                Corinthian and assisted by the Taulantii.

164   9  -900 -500  A Ligurians       L {Piemonte, Aosta, Liguria           T
                                        Lombardia ending at the Ticino R,
                                        in S up to Magra R entering the
                                        Tyrrhenian Sea. See map 1.} -
                                        {Coast of Ligurian Gulf See map
                                        2.} *{164-1} - {900-355}*
                                                                                To Coast of Ligurian Gulf, see map 2.
                                                                                *{900-355}*

900 355  -900 100   A Ligurians       L Coast of Ligurian Gulf See map 2.   L
                                                                                Acc/to (17-3).

313  20  -900 -800  N Medes           R Zagros Mt area, TR                  M
                                                                                Nominal vassals of Assyria. From area E of
                                                                                Zagros Mts, & N of Caspian Sea. *{313-19}*

900 228  -900 -550  N Medes           R {Zagros Mt area, TR} *{313-20}*     L
                                                                                Conquered by Persians.

 26  19  -900 -800  A Onotri          I S I, Map page 359                   L
                                                                                End date is conservative guess.

 27  35  -900 -800  A Pelendoni       K N B, along B-NL border              L
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (27-36).

225  19  -900 -700  A Urnfield        U Catalonia, Aragon, C Spain, also S  M
                                        F (acc/to (365-7))
                                                                                From NL, C & S D (W of {365-1}), B, E F,
                                                                                Rhone R basin, & Slovakia, Croatia, N
                                                                                Bosnia (mostly from Czech Atlas, map 16a &
                                                                                17a, look for popelnicovyeh poli). *{901-
                                                                                114}* Culture. Not
                                                                                a large ethnic contribution acc/to (230-
                                                                                22). Possibly earliest Celts.

901 115  -900 -700  A Urnfield        U {Catalonia, Aragon, C Spain, also   L
                                        S F (acc/to (365-7))} *{225-19}*
                                                                                For consistency with (225-19). Not a large
                                                                                ethnic contribution acc/to (230-22).
                                                                                Possibly earliest Celts.

 27  42  -900 -800  A Veneti          K Lausitz (Silesia)                   L
                                                                                For consistency with (47-41).

312   8  -883 -859  A Assyrians       E Through Charchemush to the          A
                                        Mediterranean.
                                                                                From Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level of
                                                                                modern Birecik and Mediterranean. *{224-9}*

224  20  -880 #     A Assyrians       E SE AM & Samal in Amanus Mts AM      A
                                        (modern Nur Daglari).
                                                                                From Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level of
                                                                                modern Birecik and Mediterranean. *{900-
                                                                                66}*

312   9  -858 -824  A Assyrians       E North to Taurus Mtns, and S to      A
                                        Damascus.
                                                                                & gained control of former important for
                                                                                trade routes to Europe & as a source of
                                                                                metals, latter brought them into conflict
                                                                                with Aramaean states in Syria & their
                                                                                allies in Palestine (incl Israel). From
                                                                                Syria.

900 159  -850 #     A Dorians         H Cnidus, Halicarnassus on Carian     S
                                        peninsula, AM.
                                                                                Acc/to (224-34). From Peloponnese.

900 304  -850 #     A Liburni         Y {Corcyra (Corfu)} *{47-42}*         S
                                                                                From Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R + YU
                                                                                coast from Opatija to mouth of Krka R (nr.
                                                                                Sibenik). *{900-302}*

 47  42  -850 -733  A Liburni         Y Corcyra (Corfu)                     L
                                                                                Expelled by Corinthians.

312  10  -824 -775  A Assyrians       E Syria, Palestine, N. Egypt          C
                                                                                Extended control over & included in
                                                                                Assyrian Empire. From area North to Taurus
                                                                                Mtns, and S to Damascus. *{312-9}*

900  68  -824 -650  A Assyrians       E {Syria, Palestine, N. Egypt} *{312- L
                                        10}*

900 937  -814 -146  N Carthaginians   E Utica, also other cities in N.      L
                                        Africa: Hippo Diarrhytos
                                        (Bizerte), Hippo Regius (nr Annaba
                                        or Bone, Algeria), Hadrumetum
                                        (Susa, Sousse), Carthage (not just
                                        cities; country as drawn in
                                        Putzger, p. 22.)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (25-2). End date:
                                                                                destruction by Romans. City of Carthage
                                                                                leveled, people sold into slavery. But
                                                                                surrounding population must have remained
                                                                                since some Tunisian peasants spoke Punic
                                                                                (Carthaginian) into 6th c AD
                                                                                according to the Encyclopedia Brittanica.

 25   2  -814 #     N Phoenicians     E Carthage                            S
                                                                                From Phoenicia. Encyclopedia Brittanica
                                                                                states that the 814 date is mythological.
                                                                                Nothing prior to last quarter of 8th c BC
                                                                                discovered archaeologically.

224  35  -800 -775  A Aeolians        H Troas (Troy) region                 S
                                                                                From Mytilene.

900 186  -800 -700  A Aeolians        H Side (S coast of AM)                S
                                                                                Origin not given. Based on (224-38) and
                                                                                Levi: Atlas of the Greek World.

230   2  -800 -500  A Andosini        U Pyrenean RVV of Catalonia           L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

387  15  -800 -700  A Apulian         U SE I, see map 17a (15a);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."

230   3  -800 -500  A Arenosi         U Pyrenean RVV of Catalonia           L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

900  73  -800 -50   A Asva            U Estonia, S SF, W SU, see map 17a    L
                                        (45); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Acc/to (387-46), (388-44), (389-22).

230   4  -800 -500  A Ausetani        U Interior Catalonia                  L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

230  16  -800 -500  A Bastetani       U Betw Almeria & Malaga               L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

900 945  -800 -650  A Belgae          K B                                   L
                                                                                These may not all represent the same
                                                                                people through the entire time span. Until
                                                                                Caesar's time they may simply be Celts who
                                                                                resided in B. Not clear how they got
                                                                                there. (17-31) mentions Lower D, and G.
                                                                                Herm suggests SCA, but these are
                                                                                minority opinions. Start date for
                                                                                consistency with (27-112), (27-113),
                                                                                supported by (27-46) & (27-6). Attested to
                                                                                in 600 to 500 BC in (27-63). End date for
                                                                                consistency with (27-113).

230  10  -800 -500  A Belli           U S of present Basque region of E, W  L
                                        of Urgel Plain in Ebro RV.
                                                                                These are Celtiberians.

 53  15  -800 -700  A Beribraki       K Catalonia, Aragon                   M
                                                                                From Rhine R & Rodano R (Rhone).

 27  40  -800 -750  A Bibroki         K Bretagne                            M
                                                                                Not stated from where.

900 262  -800 -700  A Bithynians      P Mid Strymon (Struma) RV             L
                                                                                Acc/to (40-17) & (119-7).

 27  58  -800 -400  A Biturigi        K Betw Eifel & Hunsrueck Mts          L
                                                                                Start date acc/to this record. End date
                                                                                inferred from (27-64) Ref 143, p. 32.

 27  29  -800 -400  A Boii            K Betw Main & Danube RR               L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date: to allow for
                                                                                migration to Italy (143-37) and to Bohemia
                                                                                (900-965).

387  48  -800 -700  N Bronze-Iron Age U Serbia & SW ROM, see map 17a (14);  L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Bronze-Iron Age
                                                                                Transition in Serbia."

 47  61  -800 -650  A Brygi           P Mountainous interior of N Albania.  M
                                                                                Pushed by Dardani into the northern hills.
                                                                                From N Albanian plains. *{900-261}*

 27  12  -800 -700  A Cadurci         K Lot, F                              L

225   4  -800 -700  A Carthaginians   E Malta                               S
                                                                                From Carthage. Encyclopedia Brittanica
                                                                                states that there is greater evidence of
                                                                                their presence in 6th c BC.

228  10  -800 -600  A Castro          U P N of Tejo R                       L
                                                                                The castle culture of P, believed to be
                                                                                pre-Celtic indigenous people later
                                                                                overlain with Celtic and Roman admixture.

 27  21  -800 -100  A Cavares         K Rhone R                             L
                                                                                Possibly Celticized Aboriginal population.
                                                                                End date from comment next to (225-17).

 27  39  -800 #     A Celts           K Normandy, Picardie                  Q
                                                                                From NL.

 19   5  -800 -600  A Celts           K Bohemia & Moravia                   L
                                                                                Inferred from Hallstatt finds. End date
                                                                                connects with Boii (307-10).

900 988  -800 -400  A Celts           K A                                   L
                                                                                Inferred from Hallstatt finds. End date
                                                                                connect with Norici (900-308).

 27  43  -800 -700  A Cempsi          K NE NL                               L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date: date of
                                                                                migration to France. Pushed out by
                                                                                Germanic tribes.

387  32  -800 -700  N Cernolesk       U Ukraine, see map 17a (30);          L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

230   1  -800 50    A Cerretani       U Pyrenean RVV of Catalonia (E) (see  L
                                        Fig. 1, map)
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-8). These are
                                                                                Iberians. Syn. Ceretes.

113   2  -800 -700  A Cimmerians      R Transylvania, Oltenia, Banat        W
                                                                                From steppes N of Black Sea.

230  13  -800 50    A Contestani      U Betw Castellon&Alicante,nr coast    L
                                        (E)
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-11). These are
                                                                                Iberians.

230   7  -800 -500  A Cossetani       U N of Tarragona, E                   L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

162   3  -800 #     A Cypriots        H Al Mina (Syria)                     S
                                                                                From Cyprus.

 47  60  -800 -750  A Dardani         Y Pelagonia, Eordea, Lyncus &         E
                                        Edessa, & S part of coastal plain
                                        (Vergina). (Areas in Macedonia.)
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.
                                                                                (See vertically shaded area, foldout map,
                                                                                end of book xeroxed). *{46-13}*

900 326  -800 -650  A Dardani         Y {Pelagonia, Eordea, Lyncus &        L
                                        Edessa, & S part of coastal plain
                                        (Vergina). (Areas in Macedonia.)}
                                        *{47-60}*
                                                                                Pushed out by Cimmerians, acc/to (47-81).

230  14  -800 -500  A Deitani         U Segura RV (E)                       L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

387  41  -800 400   N Djakovo         U Area betw Moscow & Gorkij, SU, see  L
                                        map 17a (39); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (391-4). Culture.

387  37  -800 400   N Dnepr-Dvina     U Dnepr & Dvina RR area, SU, see map  L
                                        17a (35); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (391-10). Culture.

900 187  -800 -700  A Dorians         H Soloi (S coast of AM)               S
                                                                                Origin not given. Based on (224-38) and
                                                                                Levi: Atlas of the Greek World.

388  40  -800 -600  N E.BalticMonumen U W Latvia, Lithuania, W Estonia,     L
                                        see map 18a (39); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Eastern Baltic
                                                                                Mounument." Start date acc/to (387-35).

230  12  -800 50    A Edetani         U Between Castellon & Alicante, near  L
                                        coast (E)
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-10). These are
                                                                                Iberians.

 47  59  -800 -650  A Enchelees       Y Albanian coastal plain, Shkumbi RV. L
                                                                                Syn. Enheleji.

388  23  -800 -600  N Este            U Venice area, N I, see map 18a       L
                                        (22); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture synonymous with "Atestinska."
                                                                                Start date acc/to (387-19).

901 105  -800 -700  A Etruscans       U Area N of Arno R to Alps; NE I; E   E
                                        Corsica (see ref 168, map 6).
                                                                                From W I betw Pisa & Rome, map p. 359
                                                                                (better map in Putzger, p. 21, II). *{26-
                                                                                15}* Start date: guess. End date to
                                                                                conform to ref 168, map 6 & other sources.
                                                                                Location evidenced by maps in ref 164, &
                                                                                Atlas of Roman World p. 22, or Times
                                                                                Atlas of World History p. 86. Expansion to
                                                                                this area is necessary and is alluded to
                                                                                in Ploetz p. 95.

901 106  -800 -450  A Etruscans       U {Area N of Arno R to Alps; NE I; E  L
                                        Corsica (see ref 168, map 6).}
                                        *{901-105}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-105); end
                                                                                date to conform to (164-11).

901 109  -800 -500  A Etruscans       U E Corsica                           L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-105); end
                                                                                date to accomodate (374-7).

 27  18  -800 -700  A Garumni         K Upper Garonne R                     L
                                                                                Possibly Celticized. Pyreneans who were
                                                                                not amalgamated until the 5th c. BC.

387   9  -800 -700  N Gava            U H, ROM, Ukraine,betw Dnestr &       L
                                        Tisza RR, see map 17a (9a-c);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Expanded over previous record
                                                                                (386-6) but no evidence of migration.

387  39  -800 100   N Gorodec         U Area betw Moscow & Samara R, see    L
                                        map 17a (37); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date to conform to (390-3).

 26  32  -800 #     A Iapodi          Y Betw Rimini & Pesaro, map page 359. S
                                                                                From Hinterland of Liburni, (see foldout
                                                                                map in ref 46). Region bounded by Postojna
                                                                                (NE of Trieste) to Krk Is in the west and
                                                                                Lika region (Licko Polje; E of Gospic) and
                                                                                NW Bosnia (Una RV) in the east. N
                                                                                boundary: Sava RV (includes city
                                                                                of Siscia (modern Sisak)); across
                                                                                Adriatic. *{900-329}*

900 330  -800 -700  A Iapodi          Y {Betw Rimini & Pesaro, map in ref   L
                                        26, page 359.} *{26-32}*
                                                                                End date provisional. For consistency with
                                                                                (26-32).

230   8  -800 -500  A Ilergetes       U Urgel plain in Ebro RV around       L
                                        confluence of Segre R, (E)
                                                                                These are Iberians.

159   4  -800 -700  A Illyrians       Y C Epirus, coastal plain of          C
                                        Malakaster, also Upper & Lower
                                        Macedonia, Middle Strymon RV.
                                                                                From C YU. Various tribes.

113   3  -800 -750  A Illyrians       Y Basarabi, Balta Verde both in       S
                                        Oltenia. (See map in ref.)
                                                                                From area betw Epirus & Cetina R & defined
                                                                                inland by Neretva R & the mouth of its
                                                                                tributary, the Rama, & from the area by
                                                                                the watershed of the Neretva & Bosna RR. +
                                                                                From mouth of Cetina to mouth of Krka R,
                                                                                incl W & S Bosnia & Lika plain.
                                                                                *{900-344}* These are enclaves (not
                                                                                connected).

900 347  -800 -700  A Illyrians       Y {W Macedonia} *{23-5}*              I
                                                                                Acc/to ref 23, see RRS notes para 1, last
                                                                                3 lines. By NW Greeks.

900 345  -800 -550  A Illyrians       Y {Basarabi, Balta Verde both in      L
                                        Oltenia. (See map in ref 113.)}
                                        *{113-3}*
                                                                                For consistency with (113-3).

387  10  -800 -700  N Incinerary Urns U B, S NL, D, NE F, NW A, along       L
                                        Rhine R, see map 17a (10a-f);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "German Incinerary
                                                                                Urn," it includes several groups.

387  11  -800 -700  N Incinerary Urns U E F, see map 17a (11);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Eastern French
                                                                                Incinerary Urn."

387  12  -800 -600  N Incinerary Urns U S F & S Pyrenee Mts of F & E, see   L
                                        map 17a (12 ); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Southern French &
                                                                                Catalan Incinerary Urn." End date acc/to
                                                                                (388-19).

230   5  -800 50    A Indicetes       U N of Catalonian coast (see Fig. 1   L
                                        map)
                                                                                These are Iberians. Syn. with Indigetes,
                                                                                Indikete. End date acc/to (231-9).

162   2  -800 #     A Ionians         H Al Mina (Syria)                     S
                                                                                From Euboea.

900 185  -800 -700  A Ionians         H Kelenderis, Nagidos (S coast of AM) S
                                                                                Origin not given. Based on (224-38) and
                                                                                Levi: Atlas of the Greek World.

 26  12  -800 -500  A Italici         I Calabria, I                         L
                                                                                Dates very approximate. End date to
                                                                                conform to (320-15).

388  36  -800 -600  N Juchnov         U Desna & Oka RR area, S of Moscow,   L
                                        SU, see map 18a (36);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date acc/to (387-38).

119  15  -800 -600  A Kikones         P Between Lower course Hebros R       L
                                        (Euros R, border of GR & TR) &
                                        Lake Biston. (Limni Vistonis, L or
                                        bay betw Xanthi & Komotini, GR)

387  29  -800 -700  N Kyzyl Kobin     U Crimea, nr Sevastopol, SU, see map  L
                                        17a (28); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

230   6  -800 -500  A Laietani        U Around Barcelona, E                 L

                                                                                These are Iberians.

387  36  -800 -600  N Line Ceramic    U E Lithuania & Latvia, &             L
                                        Belorussia, see map 17a (34);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. ("Strichovana Keramic" in Czech.)
                                                                                End date acc/to (388-39).

143   9  -800 -50   A Lingoni         K Langres region, F                   L

 47  89  -800 #     A Macedonians     H Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas   E
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1).
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV. *{900-
                                                                                176}*

900 177  -800 #     A Macedonians     H Orestis & Elimeia along Upper       E
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV. *{900-
                                                                                176}* This is a reconstruction on our
                                                                                part. Contrary to the information in ref
                                                                                47, ref 23 first discusses the Macedonians
                                                                                in (23-7) and has them migrate as per (23-
                                                                                8). We felt that current account
                                                                                is consistent with more information.

900 178  -800 -650  A Macedonians     H {N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV} +  L
                                        {Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1).} +
                                        {Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.}
                                        *{900-176} + {47-89} + {900-177}*
                                                                                Based on (900-176), (900-177), (47-89).

 47  62  -800 -650  A Maedi           Y Vardar RV, lower RVV of its E       M
                                        tributaries, E part of Macedonian
                                        coastal plain.
                                                                                Not stated from where. Probably more
                                                                                northerly area of origin of Illyrian
                                                                                tribes.

900 276  -800 -450  A Maedi           Y {Vardar RV, lower RVV of its E      L
                                        tributaries, E part of Macedonian
                                        coastal plain.} *{47-62}*
                                                                                For consistency with (47-62). End date
                                                                                open since no source on their
                                                                                disappearance.

230  15  -800 -500  A Mastieni        U Segura RV (E)                       L
                                                                                These are Iberians.

388  22  -800 -600  N Melaun          U Adige R area, Alps of I & W A, see  L
                                        map 18a (21a); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date to conform to (387-
                                                                                21). Probably continued as Melaun-Fritzen
                                                                                culture (389-4).

 48  26  -800 -600  A Mid Hallstatt   U ROM                                 L
                                                                                Culture. Presumably not Celtic speakers.
                                                                                They include the Basarabi which may equal
                                                                                our Besarabi (388-16), coded U by us, and
                                                                                may therefore duplicate the information.

900 101  -800 150   A Milograd        B N Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map   L
                                        17a (32); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + N
                                        Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map
                                        18a (35); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + Pripet
                                        R, Dnepr R.
                                                                                Acc/to (387-34), (387-35), (38-15). Acc/to
                                                                                (38-15), coexisted with Zarubincy between -
                                                                                150 to 150.

143  22  -800 -700  A Nemeti          K Betw Main R & Taunus Mts            L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date to conform to
                                                                                (27-56). Niedermockstadt culture group.

900 103  -800 -500  A Neuri           B Moscow, Vitebsk, Chernigov See      L
                                        under Plain Pottery or Jukhnovo
                                        group, fig 297, xerox. + W
                                        Ukraine, Volhynia, Kiev
                                                                                May be proto-Slavs, or proto-Balts acc/to
                                                                                (13-1). *(Place description can be
                                                                                attributed to * *(37-5) + (13-1). *

 29   4  -800 -500  A Nordic Culture  G Westphalia up to Mt. threshhold; N  E
                                        parts of Saxony & Thuringia in the
                                        S In the W up to N NL, in the E up
                                        to lower Vistula R. SW & W SF area
                                        expanded & there were colonies in
                                        the E Baltic.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

230  17  -800 50    A Oretani         U Upper Andalusia (Sierra Morena)     L
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-17). These are
                                                                                Iberians.

168  17  -800 -500  A Paleoveneti     U Ateste nr Colli Euganei, I          L
                                                                                This is the Ateste culture.

 27  36  -800 -750  A Pelendoni       K Gironde, Landes, F, & SE Pyrenees,  M
                                        Soria (Spain)
                                                                                From N B, along B-NL border *{27-35}*

900 979  -800 -700  A Pelendoni       K Gironde, Landes, F                  L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-36) and (27-45).

900 980  -800 -600  A Pelendoni       K SE Pyrenees, Soria (E)              L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-36).
                                                                                End date acc/to (53-16). Presumably
                                                                                assimilated after this date.

225   5  -800 -750  A Phoenicians     E Sardinia: Sulcis, Caralis Nora,     S
                                        Tharros.
                                                                                From Phoenicia (implied, not stated).

900 942  -800 -573  N Phoenicians     E {Sardinia: Sulcis, Caralis Nora,    L
                                        Tharros.} *{225-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (225-5). End date is
                                                                                arbitrary name change to Carthaginians.

900 259  -800 -600  A Phrygians       P Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr       L
                                        Hellespont), Sea of Marmara (both
                                        coasts).
                                                                                Acc/to (39-27).

900 339  -800 -650  A Plereji         Y Peljesac peninsula up to Bay of     L
                                        Kotor, YU.
                                                                                Time acc/to (47-59) for Enchelees,
                                                                                mentioned together with Plereji.

388   7  -800 -600  N Pommerellic     U N PL, see map 18a (7);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date acc/to (13-9). Syn:
                                                                                Pomeranian.

387  20  -800 -700  N Proto-Golasecca U NW I nr Milan, see map 17a (20);    L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 26  28  -800 -400  N Sabelli         I Region around L'Aquila, C I Map     L
                                        page 359
                                                                                End date is guess.

 26  29  -800 -500  A Sabini          I C I, Map page 359 (For better       L
                                        location, see map III,p. 21,
                                        Putzger)
                                                                                End date acc/to (320-8). Acc/to ref 164
                                                                                they are part of Umbri, but acc/to Nack-
                                                                                Waegner: Rom they are Sabelli.

 26  27  -800 -450  A Samniti         I Samnium, SC I (map in Putzger, p.   L
                                        26)
                                                                                End date to conform to (26-41). Oscan
                                                                                speakers, members of the Osco-Umbrian
                                                                                group.

143  20  -800 -700  A Santoni         K Betw Main & Neckar RR               L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date to conform to
                                                                                (27-60).

 38  12  -800 #     A Scythians       R Black Sea coasts                    C
                                                                                From E Steppes (E of Urals). Scythians
                                                                                conquered the Cimmerians there.

129   3  -800 #     A Scythians       R Transcaucasia (area S of Causasus). E
                                                                                From E steppes (E of Urals).

 27  51  -800 -700  A Senoni          K Lorraine                            L
                                                                                End date for consistency with (27-52).

900 265  -800 -600  A Sintians        P Lower RV of Strumitsa (=            L
                                        Strumesnica R in BG)
                                                                                Acc/to (39-9) & (47-85).

169  45  -800 -400  A Srub            U {S Russia (see Maps 14a-16a, CS     I
                                        atlas)} *{169-42}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (387-29). By Scythians
                                                                                and Sauromatians.

230  18  -800 -200  A Tartessians     U Guadalquivir RV, E                  L
                                                                                End date acc/to (53-1). These are Iberians.

 27  19  -800 -700  A Tarusconenses   K Tarascon in Ariege, F               L
                                                                                Possibly Celticized Pyreneans, not
                                                                                amalgamated until 5 C BC.

900 291  -800 #     A Thracians       P Thracian Chersones (modern          E
                                        Gallipoli or Gelibolu Peninsula.)
                                                                                Inferred from (39-22). From SE Balkans
                                                                                (mostly BG). *{900-289}*

900 294  -800 #     A Thracians       P Enclave up to Axius R in W, incl    E
                                        Crestonia in N, Crousis (Crusis)
                                        in S, Sithonia (in Chalcidice)
                                        (for these areas see Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8).
                                                                                Inferred from (47-83). From SE Balkans
                                                                                (mostly BG). *{900-289}*

123  14  -800 -1    A Thracians       P Greek Cities                        S
                                                                                Small steady migrations of traders &
                                                                                slaves became hellenized. Since this is
                                                                                for many cities, it is difficult to code
                                                                                until the locality consistency check. Time
                                                                                is probably later than 800 BC. From SE
                                                                                Balkans (mostly BG). *{900-289}*

900 293  -800 500   A Thracians       P {E Balkans, Carpathians (mostly     L
                                        ROM and Moldavian SSR, acc/to (387-
                                        8).)} + {SE Balkans (mostly BG)} +
                                        {Thracian Chersones (modern
                                        Gallipoli or Gelibolu Peninsula.)}
                                        + {Enclave up to Axius R in W,
                                        incl Crestonia in N, Crousis
                                        (Crusis)
                                        in S, Sithonia (in Chalcidice)          Acc/to (39-22), (47-83), (173-24), (173-
                                        (for these areas see Putzger Atlas      25), (39-2).
                                        map 7/8).} *{900-292} + {900-289}*
                                        * + {900-291} + {900-294}*

230  11  -800 -500  A Titi            U S of present Basque region of E, W  L
                                        of Urgel Plain in Ebro RV.
                                                                                These are Celtiberians.

230  19  -800 50    A Turdetani       U Guadalquivir RV, E                  L
                                                                                End date acc/to (231-12). These are
                                                                                Iberians.

 27  49  -800 -700  A Turoni          K Thuringia                           L
                                                                                Start date: guess. End date: to conform to
                                                                                (27-57).

 26  31  -800 -500  A Umbri           I C I, Map page 359 (for better map   L
                                        see ref 164 map 3)
                                                                                Part of Umbri-Sabelli. End date acc/to
                                                                                (320-7).

153  26  -800 -700  A Urnfield        U ROM, BG                             L
                                                                                Culture. Calibrated BC dates. Other
                                                                                locations mentioned but these were already
                                                                                captured in other records.

231  38  -800 50    A Vasconi         U Basque Provinces, Navarre, parts    L
                                        of Aragon (E).
                                                                                Start date acc/to (230-9), which considers
                                                                                them Celtiberians.

 27  41  -800 #     A Veneti          K Bretagne, Vendee (adjoining         M
                                        regions in F).
                                                                                From Lausitz (Silesia). *{27-42}*

900 332  -800 100   A Veneti          K {Bretagne, Vendee (adjoining        L
                                        regions in F).} *{27-41}*
                                                                                Acc/to (27-41); end date uncertain.

 27  23  -800 -700  A Voconti         K The Durance & Alps, F               L
                                                                                Possibly Celticized Aboriginal population.

 26  40  -800 -500  A Volsci          I (Conca del) Fucino area, C I        L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (26-30). They are Osco-
                                                                                Umbrians, but sources differ on whether
                                                                                they belonged to the Oscans, Umbrians, or
                                                                                Sabelli.

387  23  -800 -700  N Wallington      U Ireland, see map 17a (21b);         L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Referred to as a "group," not as a
                                                                                "culture."

387  22  -800 -700  N Wilburton       U Britain, see map 17a (21a);         L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Referred to as a "group," not as a
                                                                                "culture."

 25  15  -790 -731  A Ionians         H Kyme (Cumae) nr Naples, I           S
                                                                                From Euboia.

 39  20  -775 #     A Ionians         H Samothrace                          S
                                                                                From Samos (Is).

312  11  -766 -733  A Assyrians       E Egypt to W Persia, & N to Taurus    C
                                        Mtns.
                                                                                Attempting to control whole near East &
                                                                                becoming severely overstretched. From
                                                                                Syria, Palestine, N. Egypt. *{900-68}*

900  69  -766 -650  A Assyrians       E {Egypt to W Persia, & N to Taurus   L
                                        Mtns.} *{312-11}*

 26  38  -750 -448  A Aequi           I Palestrina                          L
                                                                                Acc/to ref 164 they are part of Umbri, but
                                                                                acc/to Nack-Waegner: Rom they are Sabelli.

900  17  -750 -58   A Allobrogi       K Area betw Lower Rhone R and L       L
                                        Geneva, Haute-Savoie & Isere
                                        regions, E F.
                                                                                Acc/to (356-11). Possibly Celticized
                                                                                Aboriginal population. (Syn. Allobrigi)
                                                                                (27-22).

900  22  -750 -100  A Ambidravi       K Carinthia up to upper course of     L
                                        Drave R.
                                                                                Acc/to (27-31).

143  10  -750 -50   A Arverni         K Auvergne                            L

 27  10  -750 #     A Averni          K Auvergne Most of these are on ref   L
                                        27, first unnumbered map.

143   3  -750 #     A Celts           K England                             Q
                                                                                From Dutch coast.

900 990  -750 -300  A Celts           K England (from Exeter in SW to       L
                                        Scarborough in NE; acc/to (44-9))
                                                                                Record created to secure continuous
                                                                                occupation by Celts from initial arrival
                                                                                (start date, (143-3)) to arrival and
                                                                                location of named tribes (end date, e.g.
                                                                                (27-138)).

900 164  -750 #     A Dorians         H Syracuse (Sicily)                   S
                                                                                Acc/to (168-23). Date after R. Bosi
                                                                                (Stadte der Griechen). From Corinth.

143  14  -750 -50   A Gabali          K Lozere, F                           L

143   7  -750 -50   A Haedui          K NW Burgundy, F                      L
                                                                                Ref mentions only Burgundy but (356-8) and
                                                                                map in ref 27 both imply NW Burgundy.

 27  20  -750 #     A Helvii          K Rhone R                             M
                                                                                Possibly Celticized Aboriginal population.
                                                                                Possibly from Neckar RV in N Baden & in
                                                                                Rhein-Hessen (Rhine-Hesse) *{27-27}*
                                                                                Koberstadt Culture.

 47  65  -750 #     A Ionians         H Corcyra (Corfu)                     S
                                                                                From Eretria (Euboia).

162   4  -750 #     A Ionians         H Pithecusae (Ischia)                 S
                                                                                From Chalkis & Eretria (both on Euboea).

900 148  -750 -733  N Ionians         H Corcyra (Corfu)                     L
                                                                                End date acc/to (47-67).

900 309  -750 -400  A Karni           Y Carinthia & Krain (Kranj; area in   L
                                        NW Slovenija (YU) near town of
                                        Kranj).
                                                                                Replaced by Celtic-speaking population
                                                                                called Carni; by analogy with (900-307).

 22  18  -750 #     A NW. Greeks      H Sybaris, Croton (S I)               S
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

900 307  -750 -400  A Norici          Y Noricum RP (Salzburg, U. A, L. A,   L
                                        Styria, Carinthia (provinces of
                                        modern A)).
                                                                                Acc/to (133-3). Earlier date acc/to (27-
                                                                                30). Replaced by Keltic-speaking
                                                                                population of same name.

143  11  -750 -50   A Petrucori       K Perigord (Historic region of F,     L
                                        around Perigueux.)

 26  37  -750 #     A Proto-Latini    I Rome                                Q
                                                                                From Albanese Mts. Mixture of Latini &
                                                                                Sabini influences in early history of Rome.

143  17  -750 -450  A Rauraci         K Baden (D), Alsace                   L

143  15  -750 -50   A Ruteni          K Tarn, F                             L

129  10  -750 #     N Scythians       R S Russia (similar to {900-227}).    C
                                                                                From E steppes (E of Urals). Superimposed
                                                                                upon area of Timbergrave culture which is
                                                                                also known as Proto-Scythian.

900 233  -750 200   A Scythians       R {S Russia (similar to {900-227}).}  L
                                        *{129-10}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (129-10). End date
                                                                                acc/to (122-25). Finally conquered and
                                                                                dispersed by Goths.

143  12  -750 -50   A Segusavi        K Lyon area, F                        L

143   8  -750 -200  A Sequani         K Franche-Comte, F                    L
                                                                                End date to conform to (900-974).

132   2  -750 -300  A Sigynni         R Alfoeld plain (E H)                 L
                                                                                Steppe-culture. Former Cimmerians later
                                                                                under Scythian influence, incl. aboriginal
                                                                                population.

900 266  -750 #     A Sintians        P SE Thrace                           S
                                                                                Acc/to (39-10) & (119-14). From lower RV
                                                                                of Strumitsa (= Strumesnica R in BG).
                                                                                *{900-265}*

900 267  -750 -700  A Sintians        P SE Thrace                           L
                                                                                Acc/to (119-14).

143  16  -750 -50   A Tolosati        K Toulouse                            L
                                                                                Possibly Celticized. Pyreneans who were
                                                                                not amalgamated until the 5th c. BC.

900 981  -750 100   A Treveri         K Ardennes (B), Moselle RV            L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (143-23). These are
                                                                                Urnfield people hypothesized by Posch-
                                                                                Gimperato to be the early Treveri. End
                                                                                date acc/to (353-20). Considered
                                                                                Germanized Celts by some, Celticized
                                                                                Germanics by others (e.g. (183-7), (184-
                                                                                2)).

143  13  -750 -50   A Vellavii        K Velay region in F in Haute Loire,   L
                                        between Yssingeau and St. Etienne

 27  26  -750 1     A Vindelici       K Wuerttemberg, S Bavaria             L
                                                                                End date based on (355-12).

224  22  -744 -727  N Assyrians       E Ancient Urartu (S of L Van) also    C
                                        SE AM, Samal in Amanus Mts AM
                                        (modern Nur Daglari).
                                                                                From Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level of
                                                                                modern Birecik and Mediterranean. *{224-9}*

900  70  -744 -650  A Assyrians       E {Ancient Urartu (S of L Van) also   L
                                        SE AM, Samal in Amanus Mts AM
                                        (modern Nur Daglari)}*{224-22}*

 25  18  -735 #     A Ionians         H Zancle (Massene, Messina) (NE       S
                                        Sicily)
                                                                                From Kyme.

168  22  -735 #     N Ionians         H Naxos (E Sicily)                    S
                                                                                From Chalcis, (Euboia).

 25   5  -734 -700  A Phoenicians     E NW Sicily e.g. Motye (Motya, San    S
                                        Pantaleo), Soloeis (Solunto),
                                        Panormos (Palermo).
                                                                                From Phoenicia (implied, not stated).

900 940  -734 -573  N Phoenicians     E {NW Sicily e.g. Motye (Motya, San   L
                                        Pantaleo), Soloeis (Solunto),
                                        Panormos (Palermo).} *{25-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (25-5). End date is
                                                                                arbitrary name change to Carthaginians.

 47  66  -733 #     N Dorians         H Corcyra (Corfu)                     S
                                                                                From Corinth.

 47  72  -730 #     N Ionians         H Methone at mouth of Toponitsa R     S
                                        (Can't find R but Methone is in
                                        Thermaic Gulf N of modern
                                        Katerini.)
                                                                                From Corcyra (Corfu).

 47  73  -730 #     N Ionians         H Dicaea, Mende (Thermaic Gulf)       S
                                                                                From Eretria (Euboia).

168  24  -729 #     N Ionians         H Lentini & Catania (E Sicily)        S
                                                                                From Naxos.

900  71  -725 -650  A Assyrians       E Babylonia, Iraq                     L

122  11  -722 -705  N Scythians       R L Urmia                             C
                                                                                From Transcaucasia.

 25  20  -720 -700  A Achaeans        H S I coast Sybaris, Taras            S
                                        (Tarento), Metapontion, Croton,
                                        Lokroi.
                                                                                From N Peloponnese.

 25  19  -720 -717  A Ionians         H Rhegion, Mylai modern Reggio di     S
                                        Calabria & Milazzo (NE Sicily).
                                                                                From Zancle (Messina).

162   6  -720 #     A Ionians         H Rhegium (Reggio di Calabria)        S
                                                                                From Chalcis (Euboea).

129  12  -720 -700  N Scythians       R Pontus region of AM                 C
                                                                                From L Urmia. *{122-11}* Together with
                                                                                Assyrians, conquered the Cimmerians there.

224  17  -715 #     N Assyrians       E Phrygia (NW AM; centers at Midas)   A
                                                                                From Ancient Urartu (S of L Van) also SE
                                                                                AM, Samal in Amanus Mts AM (modern Nur
                                                                                Daglari). *{224-22}*

221   8  -714 #     N Cimmerians      R Urartu (S of L Van, TR)             C
                                                                                From Transcaucasia.

 47  74  -710 #     N Ionians         H Torone (Chalcidice Pennisula in     S
                                        GR).
                                                                                From Chalcis.

900 155  -710 -657  A Ionians         H {Torone (Chalcidice Pennisula in    L
                                        GR).} *{47-74}*

900 170  -706 -705  N Dorians         H Taranto (Taras), I                  S
                                                                                From Sparta. These are Parthenians,
                                                                                illegitimate sons of Dorian helotes
                                                                                (acc/to R. Bosi, Magna Graecia). However,
                                                                                the same author also states a contrary
                                                                                opinion which makes them descendants of
                                                                                the pre-Dorian Achaean population.

313  15  -705 #     N Cimmerians      R Cappadocia, AM                      A
                                                                                Clashed with Assyria en route to W
                                                                                Anatolia. From Urartu (S of L Van, TR).
                                                                                *{221-8}*

 40  13  -704 -681  N Cimmerians      R Phrygia, AM (For definition of      C
                                        area, see (221-10).)
                                                                                From Urartu (S of L Van, TR). *{221-8}*

900 224  -704 -635  A Cimmerians      R Phrygia (AM)                        L
                                                                                Acc/to (122-13). Pushed out by Scythians.

388  13  -700 -600  A Alb-Hegau       U Upper Rhine R area, SW D, see map   L
                                        18a (13); Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."

122   2  -700 -600  A Altai Nomads    R Pazirik area                        L

388  26  -700 -600  A Apulian         U S E I, see map 18a (25);            L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."

900  60  -700 #     A Armorican       U {NW F, see map 14a (44);            E
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."} - {W F, see map
                                        18a (17) "Archeologicky Atlas A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."} *{900-59} - {388-
                                        17}*
                                                                                For consistency with (388-17). From NW F,
                                                                                see map 14a(44); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                                                                Evropy A Ceskoslovenska".

388  17  -700 -600  A Armorican       U W F, see map 18a (17);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."

312  17  -700 #     A Assyrians       E Babylonia, Iraq C Mesopotamia and   C
                                        E Assyria, W of Little Zab R, and
                                        Zagros Mtns Area, Iran & Iraq.
                                                                                Overran & annexed Elam as a result of
                                                                                Chaldean tribes' dominance & associated
                                                                                Elamite meddling. From Assyria.

900  72  -700 -607  A Assyrians       E {Babylonia, Iraq C Mesopotamia and  L
                                        E Assyria, W of Little Zab R, and
                                        Zagros Mtns Area, Iran & Iraq.}
                                        *{312-17}*
                                                                                End date acc/to Ploetz p.77.

225  13  -700 #     A Barrow Graves   U S F                                 M
                                                                                Not stated from where.

 53  17  -700 -600  A Beroni          K Navarra (E). See map p.36.          M
                                                                                From F or D. We don't know how long they
                                                                                remained as an identifyable ethnic unit.

388  16  -700 -600  N Besarabi        U S R, see map 18a (16a);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This is referred to as the Besarabi group.

900 263  -700 #     A Bithynians      P Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr       M
                                        Hellespont), Sea of Marmara (both
                                        coasts).
                                                                                Acc/to (39-26). From Mid Strymon (Struma)
                                                                                RV. *{900-262}*

900 264  -700 -600  A Bithynians      P {Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr      L
                                        Hellespont), Sea of Marmara (both
                                        coasts).} *{900-263}*
                                                                                Acc/to (119-6) and (39-26). We are not
                                                                                given a termination date. 600 BC is a
                                                                                guess only.

 27  59  -700 -650  A Biturigi        K Bourges & Lower Garonne areas       Q
                                                                                From Betw Eifel & Hunsrueck Mts *{27-58}*

356   3  -700 -58   N Biturigi        K Area S of Loire R, betw Poitou &    L
                                        Bourbonnais regions, F (area
                                        around Bourges)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-59).

 27  61  -700 -650  A Boii            K Landes                              Q
                                                                                From between Main and Danube RR *{27-29}*
                                                                                Nothing learned of their fate in F. The
                                                                                greater part of the Boii went to Italy and
                                                                                Bohemia.

388   9  -700 -600  N Bylan           U Area W & E of mouths of Ohre &      L
                                        Vltava RR into Labe (Elbe) R, N
                                        CS, see map 18a(9);
                                        "ArcheologickyAtlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

388  30  -700 -600  N Castellieri     U Area betw Pula (Istria) & Sava R    L
                                        in NW YU, see map 18a (29);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

181   5  -700 -50   A Celts           K S NL                                Q
                                                                                From W & S D. Marginal Celtic groups
                                                                                evidenced by Hallstatt & Latene finds.

228   3  -700 -600  A Celts           K Catalonia, Almeria, Galicia,        L
                                        central Iberia (E)
                                                                                Author does not clearly state that they
                                                                                were Celts. They could have been Iberians.
                                                                                Hallstatt culture, first iron age.

143  26  -700 -650  A Cempsi          K Landes, F                           M
                                                                                From NE NL, whence they were displaced by
                                                                                Germanic tribes. In turn they displaced
                                                                                the Pelendoni.

900 959  -700 -650  A Cempsi          K {Landes, F} *{143-26}*              L
                                                                                For consistency with (143-26) to (900-960).

 40  15  -700 #     A Cimmerians      R Bosporus, AM via Balkans            A
                                                                                This is a second group of Cimmerians,
                                                                                attacking from the west.

 40  20  -700 -650  A Cimmerians      R Kyzikos, Chalcedon, Sinope,         A
                                        Trapezunt (Trapezus) & other
                                        Ionian cities of (N) AM. (Includes
                                        Miletus, Smyrna acc/to (221-11).)
                                                                                From Phrygia & Lydia, AM.

 47  79  -700 -650  A Cimmerians      R Macedonia & C Epirus                A
                                                                                From Balkans.

 27  47  -700 -650  A Eburoni         G Belgium + SE NL                     M
                                                                                From ? (NE or E). This date obtained by
                                                                                context. Seems very early.

900 462  -700 1     N Eburoni         G {Belgium + SE NL} (see map ref      L
                                        352). *{27-47}*
                                                                                For consistency with (27-47). Condensation
                                                                                of (352-5), (180-9), (361-4). Defeated by
                                                                                Romans in 38 BC (acc/to ref 187, p.410).
                                                                                Still mentioned as Tungri in 100 AD
                                                                                (acc/to (353-6)).

 47  82  -700 -650  A Edoni           P Mygdonia up to Axius R (see map     C
                                        16), also E of Strymon R betw it &
                                        Nestus R.
                                                                                From the east.

900 281  -700 -492  A Edoni           P {Mygdonia up to Axius R (see map    L
                                        16), also E of Strymon R betw it &
                                        Nestus R.} *{47-82}*
                                                                                End date based on (40-45) which is about
                                                                                the Odomanti, a subgroup of the Edoni.

901 108  -700 -600  A Etruscans       U Campagna region, I (less Greek      E
                                        enclave, see Atlas of Roman World,
                                        p. 22 map)
                                                                                From W I betw Pisa & Rome,Map page 359
                                                                                (better map in Putzger, p. 21,II). *{26-
                                                                                15}* Record necessary to get Etruscans
                                                                                there (22-29). Dates to conform to (22-29).

 22  29  -700 -425  A Etruscans       U Campagna region, I (less Greek      L
                                        enclave, see Atlas of Roman World,
                                        p. 22 map)
                                                                                End date to conform to (26-43).

 53  19  -700 -600  A Germani         K Oretania (E). See map p.36.         L
                                                                                These are Celts not Germanics.

388  21  -700 -375  N Golasecca       U Milan area & N into Alps, I, see    L
                                        map 18a (21); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Continued in reduced area in (389-
                                                                                5).

900 188  -700 -600  A Greeks          H Rhode (Rosas, E)                    S
                                                                                From Massalia. Acc/to (53-14), & R. Bosi:
                                                                                Magna Graecia.

900 189  -700 -600  A Greeks          H Heraclia (NE of Gibraltar), Portus  S
                                        Menusius (NW of Cadiz). (See map
                                        p.36 of ref 53.)
                                                                                Acc/to (53-14). From Greece (?).

 11   4  -700 -230  A Greeks          H Olbia, Modern Nikolayev, SU nr      L
                                        mouth of Dnepr R (and possibly
                                        other localities along N coast of
                                        Black Sea.)
                                                                                Refer back to (39-30).

900 989  -700 -150  A Hallstatt Mound K CH                                  L
                                                                                Based on (388-11) which is more inclusive,
                                                                                but we have specific records for the other
                                                                                areas mentioned in that ref. Although no
                                                                                linguist or ethnic affiliation is stated
                                                                                in (388-11), we have assigned this record
                                                                                to K in parallel with our
                                                                                other Hallstatt records. Start date acc/to
                                                                                (388-11). End date to conform to (27-154).

388   3  -700 -600  N Harpsted-Nienbu U N NL & N D, see map 18a (3);        L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Harpstedt-Nienburg
                                                                                Culture Region."

388   5  -700 -600  N Hausurnen       U Elbe R nr Magdeburg, D, see map     L
                                        18a (5); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. "Chysovitych Uren" in Czech.

388  10  -700 -600  N Horakov         U Danube & Morava R V, see map 18a    L
                                        (10); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

388  12  -700 -600  N Hunsrueck-Eifel U Rhine & Moselle RR area, W D, L,    L
                                        see map 18a (12); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

112  12  -700 #     A Illyrians       Y Bregalnica R (E Macedonia, YU),     Q
                                        Chalcidice (GR).
                                                                                Probably from Macedonia.

 39  30  -700 #     A Ionians         H N coast Black Sea                   S
                                                                                From W AM.

 39  31  -700 #     A Ionians         H S coast Black Sea                   S
                                                                                From Milet(us).

388  14  -700 -600  N Kalenderberg    U Area just W of Danube R "knee," H   L
                                        & CS border, see map 18a (15);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

 39  12  -700 #     A Kikones         P Kikonion, AM (haven't located this  S
                                        as yet).
                                                                                Part of tribe only. From area between
                                                                                Lower course Hebros R (Euros R, border of
                                                                                GR & TR) & Lake Biston. (Limni Vistonis, L
                                                                                or bay betw Xanthi & Komotini, GR). *{119-
                                                                                15}*

900 270  -700 -600  A Kikones         P Kikonion, AM (haven't located this  L
                                        as yet).
                                                                                Acc/to (39-12). We are not given a
                                                                                termination date. 600 BC is a guess only.

388  18  -700 -600  N Launacien       U Area betw Loire & Dordogne RR, F,   L
                                        see map 18a (18); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

166   4  -700 -600  A Ligurians       L F                                   L

 27  55  -700 -650  A Lingoni         K Galicia (Spain)                     Q
                                                                                From Langres region, F *{143-9}*

143  32  -700 -650  A Lingoni         K Garonne R                           Q
                                                                                From Langres region, F *{143-9}*

224  23  -700 -547  N Lydians         A W AM at Sardis nr Izmir             L
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. (Conquered by Persians,
                                                                                Cyrus the Great, in -547.)

900 277  -700 -429  A Maedi           Y Mid Strymon (Struma) RV             L
                                                                                Compiled from (119-8) and (47-63). No
                                                                                source on how they got there.

 27  56  -700 -650  A Nemeti          K Asturia, E                          M
                                                                                From between Main & Taunus Mts *{143-22}*
                                                                                Pushed out by Germanic tribes.

900 970  -700 -600  A Nemeti          K {Asturia, E} *{27-56}*              L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-56) and (27-123).

388   1  -700 -600  N Old Iron Age    U Ireland, see map 18a (1);           L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

388   2  -700 -600  N Old Iron Age    U GB, see map 18a (2);                L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Local groups which developed from Bronze
                                                                                Age ones. Culture.

901 102  -700 -600  A Paeones         U E side Upper & Mid Vardar & some    E
                                        land below Demir Kapu gorge on
                                        both sides of R + M Strymon,
                                        Nestos RVV
                                                                                From Mid Vardar R plain (E C Macedonia).
                                                                                *{47-32}* Acc/to (47-86), (119-12).

901 103  -700 -356  A Paeones         U {Mid Vardar R plain (E C            L
                                        Macedonia)} + {E side Upper & Mid
                                        Vardar & some land below Demir
                                        Kapu gorge on both sides of R + M
                                        Strymon, Nestos RVV} *{47-32} +
                                        {901-102}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-102); end
                                                                                date to conform to (46-18).

 27  45  -700 -650  A Pelendoni       K Nr Madrid                           M
                                                                                From Gironde, Landes, F *{900-979}* Pushed
                                                                                out by Cempsi. Presumably assimilated in
                                                                                Spain.

127   5  -700 650   A Proto-Magyars   C Along Kama & Belaya RR modern area  L
                                        of Bashkiria.
                                                                                Bearers of Ananino culture. Descendants of
                                                                                the Finno-Ugrians. They probably included
                                                                                Ugric tribes other than Proto-Magyars (see
                                                                                172-38). End date inferred from other
                                                                                sources, mainly (234-120) and (172-40).

 27  48  -700 -650  A Saefes          K N P                                 M
                                                                                From Hesse & Thuringia whence they were
                                                                                displaced by the Germanic Eburoni. Syn.
                                                                                Sepes.

900 958  -700 -600  A Saefes          K {N P} *{27-48}*                     L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-48) and (27-122).

 40  34  -700 -680  A Saii            P Thasos                              L
                                                                                German spelling Saiern or Saien, Thracic
                                                                                tribe. Occupied by Ionians in 680 BC.
                                                                                Start date not known.

 27  60  -700 -650  A Santoni         K Saintogne, F                        M
                                                                                From betw Main & Neckar RR *{143-20}*

356   4  -700 -50   N Santoni         K Saintonge region, W F               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-60). End date
                                                                                (conservative) suggested by (356-4).

900 235  -700 -400  N Sarmatians      R S SU, around lower Volga R, see     L
                                        map 18a (37a); 'Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Geographic zone for this gens is
                                                                                continuous with area for record # (388-
                                                                                37). The map does not show demarcation
                                                                                between the two although the gens in this
                                                                                record appears to be located farther east.
                                                                                The Don R is an arbitrary boundary.
                                                                                *(Location
                                                                                and comment attributed to (388-38).)*

122  14  -700 #     A Scythians       R Urartu (in part of modern           E
                                        Azerbadjan).
                                                                                From L Urmia. *{122-11}*  Established
                                                                                capital at Sakiz, controlled lands W of
                                                                                Halys R.

 27  52  -700 -650  A Senoni          K Yonne RV                            M
                                                                                From Lorraine *{27-51}*

900 972  -700 -50   A Senoni          K {Yonne RV} *{27-52}*                L
                                                                                Start date for consistency with (27-52).
                                                                                End date: reported in Caesar's time. See
                                                                                G. Herm, The Celts, p. 178.

900 268  -700 #     A Sintians        P Lemnos Is                           M
                                                                                Acc/to (119-14). From SE Thrace.

900 269  -700 -600  A Sintians        P {Lemnos Is} *{900-268}*             L
                                                                                Termination date is a guess. Provisional
                                                                                only. To conform to (900-268).

388  42  -700 -150  N Textile Ceramic U N SU & SE SF, S of White Sea & N    L
                                        of Moscow, see ,map 18a (41)
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date to conform to (389-25).

388   6  -700 -600  N Thuringian      U Betw Elbe & Weser RR, S DDR, see    L
                                        map 18a (6); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

119  10  -700 #     A Thynians        P NW AM (N of Nicomedia)              S
                                                                                From area S of Gulf of Burgas. *{119-9}*
                                                                                Acc/to this ref they were the rest of the
                                                                                emigrated Bithynians; considered by the
                                                                                author as a numerous advance guard that
                                                                                crossed over into AM (together with the
                                                                                Bithynians?).

119   9  -700 -650  A Thynians        P S of Gulf of Burgas                 L
                                                                                Acc/to this ref they were the rest of the
                                                                                emigrated Bithynians.

388  28  -700 -600  N Tombe a Fossa   U Appenine Mts, C & S I, see map 18a  L
                                        (27); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Syn. "Ditch Grave" culture.

 40  16  -700 #     A Treri           P Bosporus, AM via Balkans            A
                                                                                From area along Isker R (Iskar R, BG). (It
                                                                                is in Rand McNally but not in index
                                                                                (tributary of Danube).) *{900-280}* With
                                                                                Cimmerians (ref (40-15)).

 40  21  -700 -650  A Treri           P Kyzikos, Chalcedon, Sinope,         A
                                        Trapezunt (Trapezus) & other
                                        Ionian cities of (N) AM.
                                                                                From area along Isker R (Iskar R, BG). (It
                                                                                is in Rand McNally but not in index
                                                                                (tributary of Danube).) *{900-280}* With
                                                                                Cimmerians (ref (40-20)).

900 280  -700 -429  A Treri           P Along Isker R (Iskar R, BG) (It is  L
                                        in Rand McNally but not in index
                                        (tributary of Danube).)
                                                                                End date acc/to (46-2). Start date
                                                                                inferred from (40-16).

 27  57  -700 -650  A Turoni          K Touraine (F), Teruel (E)            M
                                                                                From Thuringia *{27-49}* Pushed out by
                                                                                Germanic tribes. Main population in
                                                                                Touraine, splinter group in Teruel
                                                                                (location furnished by (53-18)).

 53  18  -700 -600  A Turoni          K Teruel (E)                          L
                                                                                Dates are from this ref, but also to
                                                                                conform to (27-57) and (27-124).

900 964  -700 -50   A Turoni          K Touraine, F                         L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-57). End date
                                                                                (conservative) suggested by (356-2).

 25  23  -690 #     A Dorians         H Gela (S Sicily)                     S
                                                                                From Crete & Rhodes.

900 149  -680 -652  N Ionians         H Thasos (Is in N Aegean)             S
                                                                                Acc/to (40-35), (39-13). From Paros (Is)
                                                                                in Cyclades.

221  12  -679 #     N Cimmerians      R Khupishna (in or nr Taurus Mts)     A
                                                                                From Phrygia. Defeated and dispersed by
                                                                                Assyrian King Esarhaddon (Assarhaddon).

129  14  -678 -628  N Scythians       R Assyria, Media                      A
                                                                                From across Caucasus Mts.

 22  23  -675 #     A Ionians         H Abydos, Lampsakos & Kyzikos (NW     S
                                        coast of AM nr Hellespont.)
                                                                                Acc/to (40-19), from Milet(us).

119  20  -669 -627  A Cimmerians      R Cilicia (AM)                        A
                                                                                From Phrygia. Defeated and dispersed by
                                                                                Assyrians under Assurbanipal.

900 165  -664 #     N Dorians         H Akrai (SE Sicily)                   S
                                                                                Acc/to (25-21) from Syracuse, but data
                                                                                from R. Bosi (Stadte der Griechen).

900 141  -657 -550  A Aeolians        H Sestos (also Madytos,               S
                                        Alopekonnesos) (Thrac. Chersones)
                                        & Ainos at mouth of Hebros R.
                                                                                Acc/to (40-29), (39-24). From Lesbos. Date
                                                                                comes from ref 39, chapter 2.

 40  26  -657 -600  A Dorians         H Chalcedon (or Kalchedon, on Asian   S
                                        side of Bosporus.)
                                                                                From Megara (on Isthmus of Corinth). Date
                                                                                comes from ref 39, chapter 2.

 40  23  -657 -550  A Ionians         H N coast Black Sea (Scythian area)   S
                                                                                Date comes from ref 39, chapter 2. From
                                                                                Milet(us).

 40  24  -657 -550  A Ionians         H W coast Black Sea Istros, Tuna,     S
                                        Odessos, Apollonia.
                                                                                Date comes from ref 39, chapter 2. From
                                                                                Milet(us).

 40  28  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Perinthos (European coast of Sea    S
                                        of Marmara.)
                                                                                From Samos. Date comes from ref 39,
                                                                                chapter 2.

 40  36  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Pallene Penins., Chalcidice, NE GR. S
                                                                                From Eretria on Euboea. Date comes from
                                                                                ref 39, chapter 2.

 40  38  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Olynthos & Torone (Sithonia         S
                                        Penins.), Kleonai (or Cleonae on
                                        Acte Penins.). All in Chalcidice,
                                        NE GR.
                                                                                From Chalcis on Euboea. Date comes from
                                                                                ref 39, chapter 2.

 40  39  -657 -550  A Ionians         H Sane, Acanthos (or -us), Stageira   S
                                        (Stagirus), all on or inland from
                                        Acte Penins., Chalcidice.
                                                                                From Andros Is. Date comes from ref 39,
                                                                                chapter 2.

900 156  -657 -354  A Ionians         H {Torone (Chalcidice Pennisula in    L
                                        GR).} + {Pallene Penins.,
                                        Chalcidice, NE GR.} + {Olynthos &
                                        Torone (Sithonia Penins.), Kleonai
                                        (or Cleonae on Acte Penins.). All
                                        in Chalcidice, NE GR.} + {Sane,
                                        Acanthos (or -us), Stageira
                                        (Stagirus),
                                        all on or inland from Acte              Macedonians conquered Chalcidice and
                                        Penins., Chalcidice.} *{47-74} +        forced the Athenians to remove their
                                        {40-36} + {40-38}* * + {40-39} *        population. It doesn't say where to.

167   7  -654 #     N Phoenicians     E Ibiza (Ebysos)                      S
                                                                                From Phoenicia (implied, not stated). But
                                                                                did not settle on Mallorca where there
                                                                                were fierce natives (25-7).

 40  14  -652 #     N Cimmerians      R Lydia, AM                           C
                                                                                From Phrygia.

900 225  -652 -575  A Cimmerians      R Lydia (AM)                          L
                                                                                To conform with (40-14). Termination
                                                                                acc/to (119-19).

224  26  -651 -619  A Lydians         A Miletus, Priene (Aegean AM)         A
                                                                                From W AM at Sardis nr Izmir. *{224-23}*
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. Date is reign of King
                                                                                Ardys.

 25  27  -650 #     A Achaeans        H Paestum (Poseidonia)                S
                                                                                From Sybaris. May have Doric population
                                                                                components.

 39  23  -650 #     A Aeolians        H Coastal areas of AM traversed by    S
                                        Skamander (Minderez), Kaikos
                                        (Bakarcai) and Hermos (Gediscai)
                                        RR.
                                                                                From Lesbos. Start date should be -650?.

 27 115  -650 -600  A Ambiani         K Picardie                            L

 27 113  -650 -600  A Belgae          K Champagne                           E
                                                                                From B.

 27 112  -650 -600  A Belgae          K England & Ireland                   Q
                                                                                From B.

900 946  -650 -100  A Belgae          K {B} + {Champagne} *{900-945} + {27- L
                                        113}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-113). End
                                                                                date to conform to various subtribes
                                                                                moving to England (e.g. (27-162)).
                                                                                Location confirmed by (307-1).

 27 116  -650 -600  A Bellovaci       K Nr Beauvais, F                      L

900 960  -650 #     A Cempsi          K Castilian High Plains               M
                                                                                Necessitated by (27-125).

900 961  -650 -600  A Cempsi          K {Castilian High Plains} *{900-960}* L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-960) and (27-
                                                                                125).

900 162  -650 #     A Dorians         H Buthroton (Butrint(i), Albania)     S
                                                                                From Kerkyra (Corfu). Date is a guess
                                                                                based on (176-2) and (47-66).

900 168  -650 -600  A Dorians         H Selymbria (Silivri) 60Km W of its   S
                                        future colony Byzantion (Istanbul)
                                        along Sea of Marmara.
                                                                                From Megara. Date is a compromise between
                                                                                (40-27), Ploetz, and P. Levi (Atlas of
                                                                                Greek World). *(Location attributed to (39-
                                                                                28).)*

900 190  -650 -550  N Greeks          H Herakleia, Keiros, Tios, Sesamos,   S
                                        Kytoros (all on N coast of AM).
                                        (See map p.66/67 in Levi: Atlas of
                                        the Greek World.)
                                                                                Replaces (224-39). Origin of Herakleia
                                                                                acc/to Ploetz. From Epirus.

 39  14  -650 #     A Ionians         H Neapolis (Kavala) Oisyme (Aisyme),  S
                                        Krenides, Ismaros, Stryme. (On
                                        Thracian coast opp. Thasos Is, GR.)
                                                                                From Paros via Thasos (Islands). Earlier.

 39  18  -650 #     A Ionians         H Maroneia nr earlier Thracic town    S
                                        of Ismaro.
                                                                                From Chios (Is).

 39  32  -650 -600  A Ionians         H W & E coast Black Sea incl.         S
                                        Apollonia & Histria.
                                                                                From Milet(us). Apollonia counted 3K free
                                                                                citizens (excl. dependents & slaves).

 40  30  -650 #     A Ionians         H Abdera on Thracian coast E of       S
                                        Nestos R, GR.
                                                                                From Klazomenai, AM.

 23   8  -650 #     A Macedonians     H Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which    E
                                        cut deeper into the land then than
                                        in modern times. Toward NW area of
                                        Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to
                                        N border of Chalcidice & up to
                                        lower Strymon (Struma) R.
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +
                                                                                Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas map 7/8)
                                                                                to Katerini. (map 1) + Orestis & Elimeia
                                                                                along Upper Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.
                                                                                *{900-178}* Note comment of (900-177).

900 179  -650 -525  A Macedonians     H {N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +   L
                                        Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1). +
                                        Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.} +
                                        {Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which
                                        cut deeper into the land then than
                                        in modern times. Toward NW area of      Expansion (23-8) applied to area (900-178).
                                        Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to
                                        N border of Chalcidice & up to
                                        lower Strymon (Struma) R.} *{900-
                                        178} + {23-8}*

 27 114  -650 -600  A Mediomatrici    K Lower Lorraine, Vosges Mts (for     M
                                        more precise location see ref 352)
                                                                                From Champagne, F.

352  18  -650 100   A Mediomatrici    K Region spanning Meuse, Moselle &    L
                                        Saar RR betw Virodunum
                                        (Verdum),Divodurum (Metz) to
                                        approx. Saarbruecken.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (27-114). End
                                                                                date acc/to (353-19). 'Pure Kelts,'
                                                                                according to map legend.

 27 117  -650 -600  A Suessoni        K Soissonais area (around Soissons,   L
                                        F)

 27 118  -650 -600  A Veliocassi      K Upper Normandy (Departments:        L
                                        Seine - Maritime & Eure), F

 25  22  -648 #     N Greeks          H Himera (Imera, N Sicily)            S
                                                                                Sources differ on founders. Zancle & Mylai
                                                                                (Mylae)(Ionians) are both given in Bosi,
                                                                                as is the possibility of Syracuse
                                                                                (Dorians) which is also given in ref 25.
                                                                                (Use E Sicily as source.) From E Sicily.

900 191  -648 -409  N Greeks          H Himera, NC Sicily                   L
                                                                                For consistency with (25-22). City
                                                                                destroyed by Carthaginians in 409 acc/to
                                                                                (372-4).

119  18  -645 #     A Cimmerians      R Abydos (Hellespont)                 C
                                                                                From Phrygia.

900 166  -644 #     N Dorians         H Kasmenai (Casmene, S Sicily)        S
                                                                                Acc/to (25-21) from Syracuse, but data
                                                                                from R. Bosi (Stadte der Griechen).

224  25  -630 #     A Treri           P W AM at Sardis nr Izmir             A
                                                                                From Balkans?

 47  69  -626 #     A Dorians         H Epidamnus (=Dyrrachion, mod.        S
                                        Durres, Albania.)
                                                                                From Kerkyre (Corfu).

122  15  -625 -611  N Scythians       R Syria, Palestine, Egypt             A
                                                                                From Urartu (in part of modern
                                                                                Azerbadjan). *{122-14}*

900 152  -620 #     A Ionians         H Cadiz, E                            S
                                                                                From Phokaia, AM acc/to Herodotus.

 17   5  -620 -601  N Ionians         H Cadiz, E                            L
                                                                                Driven out by Carthaginians.

224  27  -619 -560  N Lydians         A Clazomenae, Smyrna (Aegean AM)      A
                                                                                From W AM at Sardis nr Izmir. *{224-23}*
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. Date is reign of King
                                                                                Alyattes.

 39  19  -610 -600  A Ionians         H Sale, Zone, Mesembria               S
                                                                                From Samothrace (Is). The locations of
                                                                                these cities are not clear to me.
                                                                                Mesembria is on W coast of Black Sea. The
                                                                                others I have been unable to find. I
                                                                                supposed them to be along Aegean coast but
                                                                                not in Black Sea. These cities are also
                                                                                given on p.106 in Ploetz, but this doesn't
                                                                                help.

312  13  -605 #     N Chaldeans       E Ancient Carchemish, TR (see         A
                                        Putzger p. 4)
                                                                                From Babylonia. Was led by Nabopolassar,
                                                                                who had seized Kingship of Babylonia in
                                                                                625 BC; & was joined by Medes & Scythians;
                                                                                ending the last organized Assyrian
                                                                                resistance. Chaldean language = Urartian,
                                                                                related to Hurrian, which is an
                                                                                unaffiliated language.

 22  30  -600 #     A Achaeans        H Campagna, I                         C
                                                                                From Paestum (Poseidonia). *{25-27}*

234  11  -600 -200  A Alazones        U N Bug R basin                       L
                                                                                Not clear whether also Scythians.

 53  20  -600 -500  A Arevaci         K Duero (Douro) RV. See map p.36.     M
                                                                                From N of Pyrenees.

900  55  -600 -400  A Arevaci         K {Duero (Douro) RV. See map p.36.}   L
                                        {53-20}
                                                                                For consistency with (53-20).

307   4  -600 -500  A Arvernove       U SC F around & W of Lyon             L

 26  34  -600 -300  A Asilii          U Central I                           L
                                                                                Pre-Indoeuropean people.

 53  21  -600 -500  A Autrigoni       K Duero (Douro) RV                    M
                                                                                From N of Pyrenees.

 27 121  -600 #     A Belgae          K E                                   Q
                                                                                From B. They must have stayed in E for
                                                                                some time since refs (27-127), (27-128), &
                                                                                (27-129) refer to tribes that amalgamated
                                                                                with the Belgae between 550 & 500 BC, but
                                                                                we have no specific record on locations of
                                                                                Belgae in E.

 53  23  -600 -500  A Beli            K Duero (Douro) RV                    M
                                                                                From N of Pyrenees.

 27 130  -600 #     A Bellovaci       K Guadalajara, Segovia & Avila, E     M
                                                                                From near Beauvais, F *{27-116}* No record
                                                                                of how long they remained there.

900 965  -600 -500  A Boii            K {W CS} *{307-10}*                   Q
                                                                                From between Main & Danube RR *{27-29}*
                                                                                Dates for consistency with (307-10). This
                                                                                may be too early.

307  10  -600 -300  A Boii            K Bohemia & Moravia, CS               L
                                                                                Start date from ref. End date to conform
                                                                                to (19-9). Not clear whether a second wave
                                                                                of Celts (ca. 350 BC) that amalgamated
                                                                                with earlier ones (17-19) contributed to
                                                                                the Boii.

234   9  -600 -200  A Boristhenitae   R Betw Ingulets & Ingul RR            L
                                                                                Agriculturalists. (SYN = Scythian-
                                                                                Georgoi). Mixed with Greeks.

900 251  -600 -100  A Callipidae      R Lower Bug R region extending W to   L
                                        lower Dnestr R.
                                                                                Acc/to (234-10) and (367-4). Helleno-
                                                                                Scythians acc/to Herodotus.

 53  22  -600 -500  A Caristii        K Duero (Douro) RV                    M
                                                                                From N of Pyrenees.

 53   2  -600 -500  A Carthaginians   E Mod. Andalusia up to Cape of Nao    C
                                        at maximal extents. (Equivalent to
                                        (228-2).)
                                                                                From Carthage. Subjugated primitive
                                                                                Phoenician colonies (acc/to (231-18)).

900 934  -600 -236  A Carthaginians   E {S & E Iberia, Ancient Tartessus    L
                                        (area of Lower Guadalquivir R).}
                                        *{228-2}*
                                                                                Start date acc/to (53-2). End date acc/to
                                                                                (900-931). Population includes Phoenicians
                                                                                who preceded them (900-933).

307   7  -600 100   A Celtiberians    U C E (see map, ref 307)              L
                                                                                End date to conform to (53-32).

230  24  -600 -500  A Celts           K Tartessos & Gades (Cadiz)           Q
                                                                                From North presumably.

126   8  -600 -200  A Celts           K P                                   L
                                                                                Period of time refers to 'dominion' of
                                                                                Celts in P, residential period may be
                                                                                wider. Specific named groups (Cempsi,
                                                                                Saefes) are located in a much narrower
                                                                                time and space frame.

 27 125  -600 -550  A Cempsi          K Estremadura & S P                   M
                                                                                From Castilian High Plains *{900-961}*

900 962  -600 -550  A Cempsi          K Estremadura & S P *{27-125}*        L
                                                                                For consistency with (27-125) and (27-126).

119  21  -600 -500  A Cimmerians      R Thrace                              I
                                                                                Rest of Cimmerians who had remained in
                                                                                Thrace. Partly destroyed, partly
                                                                                assimilated by Thracians.

307  11  -600 1     A Cotini          K Slovakia                            L
                                                                                End date to conform to (900-984) and (19-
                                                                                16). Also suggested in ref 19, p. 164.
                                                                                (Syn. Kotini).

900 306  -600 -1    A Daesidiates     Y Glasinac, and W Serbia: Uzica (now  L
                                        Titovo-Uzice), Zlatibor (Razana,
                                        Kriva Reka). + Sarajevsko polje
                                        (field), mts in NE toward
                                        Srebenica & Pljevlja (Montenegro
                                        (syn. Crna Gora)). + Middle & E
                                        Bosnia
                                                                                Acc/to (112-9), (165-28), (110-18), (51-
                                                                                17).

 40  37  -600 #     A Dorians         H Potidaia (-daea), Chalcidice        S
                                        (Peninsula, GR.)
                                                                                From Corinth.

900 163  -600 -588  A Dorians         H Appolonia (Pojan, Albania)          S
                                                                                Acc/to (176-2), from Kerkyra (Corfu). Date
                                                                                is from R. Bosi (Die Stadte der Griechen).

 27  62  -600 -500  A Germanics       G Wallonia, B                         I
                                                                                By Belgae. Could be Eburoni. But Eburoni
                                                                                are still reported from time of Caesar.
                                                                                Confirmed by (143-34).

228   5  -600 -500  A Iberians        U S & E Iberia (see map 2, Harrison:  L
                                        Spain at the Dawn of History for
                                        Spanish portion)
                                                                                End date to conform to (17-30).

 25  29  -600 #     A Ionians         H Hemeroscopeion (Denia, E) also      S
                                        Mainake (E of Malaga, before
                                        Velez), and Massalia (Marseille).
                                                                                Phocaeans from Asia Minor (Phokaia, N of
                                                                                Smyrna, modern Izmir).

 39  25  -600 #     A Ionians         H Kardia, Limnae on or nr Thracian    S
                                        Chersones.
                                                                                From Milet(us). To Abydos earlier. See (22-
                                                                                23).

234  13  -600 -500  A Ionians         H Kerch Strait                        S
                                                                                From Caria & Miletus. Probably with a
                                                                                substrate of native Japhetid & Iranian
                                                                                tribes.

900 150  -600 #     A Ionians         H Arles, Port Vendres, F; Barcelona,  S
                                        Malaga, E.
                                                                                Acc/to (17-6). Ref (25-29) call them
                                                                                Phocaeans from Asia Minor (Phokaia, N of
                                                                                Smyrna, modern Izmir). *{25-29}*

900 153  -600 #     A Ionians         H Marseilles (Massala)                S
                                                                                From Cadiz via mouth of Tiber R acc/to
                                                                                Herodotus.

166   5  -600 -500  A Ligurians       L {F} - {Mediterr. coast F} *{166-    T
                                        4} - {900-356}*
                                                                                To Mediterr. coast F. *{900-356}*

900 356  -600 -400  A Ligurians       L Mediterr. coast F                   L
                                                                                For consistency with (166-5).

900 999  -600 -550  A Lucani          I Lucania region, S I (see map 3,     L
                                        ref 164) less [ {Paestum
                                        (Posidonia) & Pissunte (mod.
                                        Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                        Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                        Strongoli in Calabria)} ] *
                                        Lucania region - {901-1} * * -
                                        {901-3} *
                                                                                Dates to conform to information in Bosi:
                                                                                Die Staedte der Griechen. (See ref (901-
                                                                                1).)

122  16  -600 #     A Medes           R Urartu (modern Azerbadjan, capital  C
                                        at Sakiz, controlled lands W of
                                        Halys R).
                                                                                From Zagros Mt area, TR. *{900-228}*

900 274  -600 -550  A Medes           R {Urartu (modern Azerbadjan,         L
                                        capital at Sakiz, controlled lands
                                        W of Halys R).} *{122-16}*
                                                                                Conquered by Persians.

 27 123  -600 -550  A Nemeti          K Castilian High Plains               W
                                                                                From Asturia, E *{27-56}*

 13  10  -600 -400  A Pommerellic     U Oder & Vistula RR & Volhynia, nr.   E
                                        Kiev. See Fig 4.
                                                                                From N PL, see map 18a (7); "Archeologicky
                                                                                Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska." *{388-7}*
                                                                                Culture. Syn. Pomeranian.

901 110  -600 -400  A Pommerellic     U {N PL, see map 18a (7);             L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."} +
                                        {Oder & Vistula RR & Volhynia,          For consistency with (13-10). Culture.
                                        near Kiev. See Fig 4.} *{388-7} +       Syn. Pomeranian.
                                        {13-10}*

 27 122  -600 -550  A Saefes          K Castilian High Plains               W
                                                                                From N P *{27-48}*

225  16  -600 -100  A Saluvii         K Entremont nr Aix-en-Provence, S F   L
                                                                                The Urnfield pop overlaid by Hallstatt
                                                                                chieftains & influenced by Greece.

109   2  -600 #     A Scythians       R Alfoeld in H                        E
                                                                                From S Russia (similar to {900-227}).
                                                                                *{129-10}* Actually 'peoples of Steppe
                                                                                origin with a Scythian culture'. Perhaps
                                                                                Cimmerians.

113   4  -600 #     A Scythians       R Transylvania (Mures & two Tirnava   E
                                        RR)
                                                                                From S Russia (similar to {900-227}).
                                                                                *{129-10}*

123  21  -600 -400  A Scythians       R Dobrugea                            E
                                                                                From S Russia (similar to {900-227}).
                                                                                *{129-10}*

152  12  -600 -400  A Scythians       R Slovakia                            E
                                                                                From S Russia (similar to {900-227}).
                                                                                *{129-10}* Dates changed acc/to CSSR atlas
                                                                                (could not find this ref to date again).
                                                                                The dates in this ref are pre C 14.

900 234  -600 -200  A Scythians       R Alfoeld (H), Transylvania (ROM)     L
                                                                                Replaced by Kelts acc/to (172-18).

 40  32  -600 #     A Thracians       P Abdera on Thracian coast E of       C
                                        Nestos R.
                                                                                From E Balkans, Carpathians (mostly ROM
                                                                                and Moldavian SSR, acc/to (387-8).) + SE
                                                                                Balkans (mostly BG) + Thracian Chersones
                                                                                (modern Gallipoli or Gelibolu Peninsula.)
                                                                                + Enclave up to Axius R in W, incl
                                                                                Crestonia in N, Crousis (Crusis) in
                                                                                S, Sithonia in Chalcidice) (for these
                                                                                areas see Putzger Atlas map 7/8). *{900-
                                                                                293}*

 27 124  -600 -550  N Turoni          K Castilian High Plains               W
                                                                                From Teruel (E) *{53-18}*

900 167  -598 #     N Dorians         H Camarina (S Sicily)                 S
                                                                                Acc/to (25-21) from Syracuse, but data
                                                                                from R. Bosi (Stadte der Griechen).

224  28  -590 -585  N Medes           R W AM at Sardis nr Izmir             A
                                                                                From E of Halys R (actually Urartu, see
                                                                                (122-16)).

901  89  -585 -500  A Hurrians        O {N of Assyria, around Lake Van}     I
                                        *{312-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz p. 310. Start date to
                                                                                conform to (312-6); end date guess.

 25  24  -581 #     A Dorians         H Agrigentum (Agrigento or Acragas,   S
                                        S Sicily).
                                                                                From Gela.

 25  30  -580 #     A Ionians         H Emporion (Ampurias) a few km from   S
                                        La Escala and St. Martin de
                                        Empurias, E.
                                                                                From Massalia.

900  57  -575 #     A Armenians       O Urartu (essentially historical      M
                                        Armenia).
                                                                                From the Anatolian part of Asia Minor
                                                                                (TR). (Source: Ploetz, p.310).  (Note:
                                                                                specifically from N Anatolia. *{900-56}*

900  58  -575 1970  A Armenians       O {Urartu (essentially historical     L
                                        Armenia} *{900-57}*

900 939  -573 -25   A Carthaginians   E {Lixus (Larache in Spanish          L
                                        Morocco) (see p. 22 in Putzger)}
                                        *{900-938}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-938). Part of
                                                                                Carthaginian Empire. Became Roman Province
                                                                                in 25 BC after the fall of Carthage proper
                                                                                in 146 BC.

900 941  -573 -241  N Carthaginians   E {NW Sicily e.g. Motye (Motya, San   L
                                        Pantaleo), Soloeis (Solunto),
                                        Panormos (Palermo).} *{25-5}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-940). End date Roman
                                                                                conquest, see Putzger p. 22.

900 943  -573 -238  N Carthaginians   E {Sardinia: Sulcis, Caralis Nora,    L
                                        Tharros.} *{225-5}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-942). End date Roman
                                                                                conquest, see Putzger p. 22.

 40  31  -554 #     N Ionians         H Abdera on Thracian coast E of       S
                                        Nestos R.
                                                                                From Teos, AM.

900 151  -554 -350  A Ionians         H {Abdera on Thracian coast E of      L
                                        Nestos R.} *{40-31}*
                                                                                Left when harbor sanded up and there were
                                                                                incursions of the Triballi acc/to (39-17).

 40  44  -550 -450  A Angriani        P In Pangaion Mts aka Pangaeum        L
                                        (Pernigaeus Mts). (See Pangeon
                                        Mts, ca 30 km W of Kavala, GR on
                                        Rumaenien-Bulgarien Road-Map
                                        (Kummerly & Frey).)

 27 126  -550 -500  A Cempsi          K Andalusia                           M
                                                                                From Estremadura & S P *{27-125}*

900 963  -550 -450  A Cempsi          K {Andalusia} *{27-126}*              I
                                                                                By Tartessians. Acc/to (27-126).

 40  43  -550 -450  A Doberi          P In Pangaion Mts aka Pangaeum        L
                                        (Pernigaeus Mts). (See Pangeon
                                        Mts, ca 30 km W of Kavala, GR on
                                        Rumaenien-Bulgarien Road-Map
                                        (Kummerly & Frey).)

161   4  -550 -450  A Gergithes       U Troad: Gergis (W coast of AM from   L
                                        N of Lesbos to Gallipoli)

182   4  -550 -100  A Jastorf         G From Elbe R E to C & E Mecklenburg  L
                                        up to W Pommerania (now in PL).
                                        From Middle Elbe R into Havel-
                                        Spree RR mouths area. Also lowland
                                        nr Leipzig. (hatching 4 in Abb 50).

182   6  -550 -100  A Jastorf         G Jutland, Schleswig (hatching 1, 2,  L
                                        3 in Abb 50).

182   7  -550 -250  A Jastorf         G C & E Mecklenburg areas betw L.     L
                                        Schwerin and Oder R. Also across
                                        Oder R up to Ina (Ihna) R.
                                        (hatching 5 in Abb 50).
                                                                                Sparse settlements up to Oder R, even
                                                                                sparse E of there.

182   8  -550 -200  A Jastorf         G N Middle Elbe-Havel RR area         L
                                        (hatching 7 in Abb 50).
                                                                                Dense settlements toward end of period.
                                                                                Possible area of ethnogeny of Suebi.

182  10  -550 -300  A Jastorf         G Elbe-Saale RR area nr Riesa, in     L
                                        the Mulde area, in the Halle-
                                        Leipzig lowlands (Tieflandbucht).
                                        (hatching 8 in Abb 50).

901   1  -550 #     A Lucani          I Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte      C
                                        (mod. Policastro), S I
                                                                                From Lucania region, S I (see map 3, ref
                                                                                164) less [{Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte
                                                                                (mod. Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                                                                Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                                                                Strongoli in Calabria)}] *{900-999}* Date
                                                                                from Bosi: Die Staedte der Griechen
                                                                                and to conform to (901-2).

901   2  -550 -390  A Lucani          I Lucania region, S I (see map 3,     L
                                        ref 164) less [ {Paestum
                                        (Posidonia) & Pissunte (mod.
                                        Policastro), S I} + {Lao (Laus, nr
                                        Scalea in Lucania) & Petelia (mod.
                                        Strongoli in Calabria)} ] +
                                        {Paestum (Posidonia) & Pissunte
                                        (mod. Policastro),
                                        S I} *{900-999} + {901-1}*              Dates to conform to (901-1) and (901-3).

 22  32  -550 #     A Lydians         A Aegaean cities in Asia Minor        C
                                        except Milet.
                                                                                From Lydia.

 27 128  -550 -500  A Nemeti          K Castilian High Plains               I
                                                                                By Belgae.

182   3  -550 -300  A Nienburger      G Weser-Aller RR area & E up to area  L
                                        just before N Harz Mts. (See
                                        hatching 9, Abb 50.)
                                                                                Date acc/to karte 2, p.96. At one time
                                                                                thought to be ancestors of Cherusci &
                                                                                Angrivarii. Not clear whether really so.

320  14  -550 -450  A Osci            U Area S of Ofanto R, S I             L
                                                                                Presumably Italic speakers (Osco-Umbrian
                                                                                speakers).

 27 127  -550 -500  A Saefes          K Castilian High Plains               I
                                                                                By Belgae.

 27 129  -550 -500  A Turoni          K Castilian High Plains               I
                                                                                By Belgae.

224  29  -547 #     N Lydians         A Boegazkoey                          A
                                                                                From W AM at Sardis nr Izmir. *{224-23}*
                                                                                But this source says members of Anatolian
                                                                                language family. Attacked in war with
                                                                                Persians (Cyrus the Great).

900 275  -547 #     N Persians        R AM                                  C
                                                                                Acc/to many sources, e.g. (161-3), (224-
                                                                                30). From Persia.

224  40  -547 -334  N Persians        R {AM} *{900-275}*                    L

 25  28  -540 #     A Ionians         H Hyele (Elea, Velia, I)              S
                                                                                Phocaeans from Phokaia, Asia Minor (N of
                                                                                Smyrna, modern Izmir), after Phokaia was
                                                                                conquered by Persians 5 yrs. earlier.
                                                                                Acc/to R. Bosi: Die Staedte der Griechen.

 25  25  -530 #     N Ionians         H Pozzuoli (Dikaiarchia)              S
                                                                                From Samos.

900 169  -525 -475  A Dorians         H Kallatis (Mangalis) & Mesambria     S
                                        (or Mesembria), the one on the W
                                        coast of Black Sea not the one on
                                        Aegaen coast of Thrace.
                                                                                Date based on (39-34). From Megara.
                                                                                Kallatis during Hellenistic period counted
                                                                                no more than 8K people including slaves.
                                                                                In (40-25) there is also a statement that
                                                                                they came from Boitoia, which might be
                                                                                same as Boeotia, but these are Aeolians
                                                                                although close neighbors of the Megarans.

 39  35  -525 -500  A Ionians         H Thracian Chersones modern           S
                                        Gallipoli or Gelibolu Peninsula.
                                                                                From Athens, colonists not official
                                                                                colonies.

 23   9  -525 #     A Macedonians     H Aigai (Aegeae, Edessa)              E
                                                                                From N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +
                                                                                Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas map 7/8)
                                                                                to Katerini. (map 1). + Orestis & Elimeia
                                                                                along Upper Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley.
                                                                                + Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which cut
                                                                                deeper into the land then than
                                                                                in modern times. Toward NW area of
                                                                                Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to N
                                                                                border of Chalcidice & up to lower Strymon
                                                                                (Struma) R. *{900-179}*

900 180  -525 -358  N Macedonians     H {N Pieria area + C Haliacmon RV +   L
                                        Plain from Methone (Putzger Atlas
                                        map 7/8) to Katerini. (map 1). +
                                        Orestis & Elimeia along Upper
                                        Haliakmon (Bistriza) R valley. +
                                        Axios (Vardar) R & the sea which
                                        cut deeper into the land then than
                                        in
                                        modern times. Toward NW area of
                                        Lynkestis (around L Prespa), up to
                                        N border of Chalcidice & up to
                                        lower Strymon (Struma) R.} + Aigai
                                        (Aegeae, Edessa) *{900-179} + (23-
                                        9)*

374   4  -524 #     N Etruscans       U Cumae, just W of Neapolis, I        A
                                                                                From Campania (see map p.26 in Ancient
                                                                                History Atlas by M. Grant). Greeks
                                                                                repelled the Etruscans.

900 252  -513 #     N Persians        R Thrace, Macedonia, Dobrugea,        
                                        Bessarabia.
                                                                                Acc/to (39-36), (113-7), (122-18), (234-
                                                                                18). Attempting to subdue Scythians. From
                                                                                AM.

 39  39  -513 #     N Scythians       R Thrace                              A
                                                                                From Dobrugea + Transylvania (Mures & two
                                                                                Tirnava RR). *{123-21} + {113-4}* Pursued
                                                                                Persians all the way to S border.

 39  37  -510 -506  N Persians        R Lemnos & Imbros Is                  N
                                                                                From AM.

374   5  -505 #     N Etruscans       U {Cumae, just W of Neapolis, I}      A
                                        *{374-4}*
                                                                                From Campania (see map p.26 in Ancient
                                                                                History Atlas by M. Grant). Greeks
                                                                                repelled the Etruscans.

320  11  -500 -314  A Aurunci         I Area along Gulf of Gaeta & N of     L
                                        Capua, WC I.
                                                                                Presumably Italic speakers (not on synonym
                                                                                list). End date: massacred by Romans.

117   3  -500 -450  N Autariatae      Y Betw Isker (Iskar) & Velika Morava  A
                                        RR. See map p.132.
                                                                                From SE Bosnia, SW Serbia, N Crna Gora
                                                                                (Montenegro). See map p.132, ref 117.
                                                                                *{900-74}* Area of the Triballi; see (117-
                                                                                2).

900  74  -500 -250  A Autariatae      Y SE Bosnia, SW Serbia N Crna Gora    L
                                        (Montenegro). See map p.132, ref
                                        117.
                                                                                Acc/to (117-1), (51-21).

900 119  -500 #     A Baltic Finns    F {Baltic area} *{201-16}*            M
                                                                                See comment in (202-6); for consistency
                                                                                with (201-16). From the Volga area. See
                                                                                fig 2 in ref 201.

201  16  -500 -1    A Baltic Finns    F Baltic area                         L

320  15  -500 -356  A Brutti          I Calabria (less (26-48); these are   L
                                        the Greek coastal cities), S I
                                                                                End date to conform to (26-48). Part of
                                                                                the Oscan groups. Not clear whether
                                                                                descendants of Italici.

234  16  -500 -400  A Budini          U Upper Don & lower Donets RR         L

900 335  -500 -400  A Calabri         Y Calabria, I                         L
                                                                                Acc/to (46-14) they came from S Serbia,
                                                                                defined by Novi Pazar, Nis, Stalac, Titov
                                                                                Veles, Prizren (See foldout map, end of
                                                                                book, xeroxed). (Subtribe of Dardanians).
                                                                                However, we feel this is too uncertain to
                                                                                enter as a migration record.

372   1  -500 -400  N Carthaginians   E NW Sicily (see map ref 372)         C
                                                                                From Carthage. Phoenicians already there.

900 930  -500 #     A Carthaginians   E Coastal Corsica                     S
                                                                                From Carthage. Probably got there earlier
                                                                                but we cannot locate a dated record. Given
                                                                                as located there in (320-20).

900 944  -500 -238  A Carthaginians   E {Coastal Corsica} *{900-930}*       L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-930). End date
                                                                                Roman conquest, see Putzger p. 22.

182  12  -500 -200  A Celts           K S. Thuringia (Orlagau) (area nr     L
                                        Roemhild (TA p. 55))
                                                                                Start date: start of La Tene.

182  14  -500 -50   A Celts           K N of Thuringian forest nr           L
                                        Arnstadt, Erfurt district, DDR
                                                                                Start date: start of La Tene. Small groups.

320   4  -500 -400  A Celts           K Area along Gulf of Venice, & E of   L
                                        Tagliamento R, N I & YU.
                                                                                End date to conform to (165-11).

900 318  -500 -400  A Dauni           Y Area labeled with their name in SE  L
                                        I; ref 164, map 3.
                                                                                Subgroup of Iapygi (see ref (900-316));
                                                                                note that (46-15) suggests they are a
                                                                                subtribe of the Dardani, synonymous with
                                                                                Thunatae. Their origin would then be in S
                                                                                Serbia. We believe this less likely than
                                                                                decision taken here.

234  15  -500 500   A Funerary Urns   U N Podolia, Volhynia                 L
                                                                                Author speculates whether these could be
                                                                                the Neuri of Herodotus whom he considers
                                                                                as proto-Slavs, although other sources
                                                                                consider them as early Balts. Not clear
                                                                                how this relates to Funerary urns of (386-
                                                                                2).

 17  30  -500 -475  N Iberians        U Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne & Cevennes. E
                                                                                Interdigitating with resident population.

900 991  -500 -100  A Iberians        U {S & E Iberia (see map 2,           L
                                        Harrison: Spain at the Dawn of
                                        History for Spanish portion)} +
                                        {Betw. Pyrenees, Garonne &
                                        Cevennes} *{228-5} + {17-30}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (17-30). End date
                                                                                to conform to (53-7). Some of these
                                                                                populations mixed with Celts to form
                                                                                Celtiberians (see (307-7)).

 17   8  -500 #     A Ionians         H Valais, Bourgogne also the plateau  S
                                        de Langres, Loire & Seine R
                                        basins, F. Crossed into Britain,
                                        Rhine & Elbe R valleys.
                                                                                From Marseille (Massalia).

 25  32  -500 #     A Ionians         H Monoikos, Nicaia modern Monaco &    S
                                        Nice, F.
                                                                                From Massalia. Date quite approximate.

 26  44  -500 -400  A Ionians         H Kyme                                I
                                                                                Amalgamation of Opici, Greeks (Ionians),
                                                                                Etruscans & Samniti (under the name of the
                                                                                latter?).

 39  41  -500 -460  A Krobyzoi        P From rt bk Athrys R (modern         L
                                        Jantra) to Chora R (of the
                                        Odessites). (ref 40, fig 4)
                                                                                Subjugated by the Odrysae (by 460 BC).

207   2  -500 -1    A Lapps           F N of N, S, SF, SU as far E as Kola  M
                                        Peninsula on White Sea. Occasional
                                        settlements in mt backbone of SCA
                                        as far South as L Femund in C N
                                        and North Dalecarlia in Sweden.
                                        Plus S SF & Karelia up to L. Onega.
                                                                                From NW Asia. Dates are a compromise
                                                                                between (202-5) and (207-2). some sources
                                                                                quoted in ref 207 believe Lapps in SCA
                                                                                much earlier but there is no evidence for
                                                                                this. (206-3) says that Lapps did not
                                                                                reach N until 9th C AD. Syn: Saami,
                                                                                Sames, Samer.

900 789  -500 1400  A Lapps           F {N of (N, S, SF, SU as far E as     L
                                        Kola Peninsula on White Sea).
                                        Occasional settlements in mt
                                        backbone of SCA as far South as L
                                        Femund in C N and North Dalecarlia
                                        in Sweden. Plus S SF & Karelia up
                                        to L. Onega.} *{207-2}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (207-2); end date
                                                                                to conform to (170-29).

 39  40  -500 -480  A Odrysae         P NW of Edirne (Adrianople), TR       L

900 317  -500 -400  A Peucetii        Y Area labeled with their name in SE  L
                                        I; ref 164, map 3.
                                                                                Subgroup of Iapygi (see ref 900-316).

356  13  -500 1     N Raetians        U Rhaetian Alps, E CH                 L
                                                                                Syn. Rhaetians. Start date acc/to (320-2).
                                                                                End date: conservative.

234  17  -500 -400  A Sauromatae      U Lower Don & upper Donets RR         L

165  75  -500 -1    A Segestani       Y Sisak (Croatia, YU) (See map 1,     L
                                        ref 165.)

234  32  -500 -400  A Sindians        U SE of Sea of Azov centered on       L
                                        Kuban RV.
                                                                                Original pre-Indoeuropean inhabitants.

 39  42  -500 -460  A Terizoi         P SE of rt bk Athrys R (modern        L
                                        Jantra) to Chora R (of the
                                        Odessites). (ref 40, fig 4)
                                                                                Subjugated by the Odrysae (by 460 BC).

900 283  -500 -375  A Triballi        P {Betw Isker (Iskar) & Velika        L
                                        Morava RR}, but also lower portion
                                        of Southern (Juz.) Morava R. (See
                                        ref 117, map p.132.) *{See {117-
                                        3}, area in bracket.}*
                                                                                Acc/to (117-2) and (46-1).

900 996  -500 #     A Volsci          I Region along Sea betw Albanese      M
                                        Mts. (SE of Rome) and Garigliano
                                        R, I (see map 3, ref 164)
                                                                                From (Conca del) Fucino area, C I. *{26-
                                                                                40}* They are Osco-Umbrians, but sources
                                                                                differ on whether they belonged to the
                                                                                Oscans, Umbrians, or Sabelli.

900 997  -500 -400  A Volsci          I {Region along Sea betw Albanese     L
                                        Mts. (SE of Rome) and Garigliano
                                        R, I (see map 3, ref 164)} *{900-
                                        996}*
                                                                                Acc/to (26-40). End date is very
                                                                                conservative.


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