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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

385  38 -1475 -1300 A Appenine        U I, see map 15a (33);                L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Ref (168-11) gives later time: end of 2nd
                                                                                millenium.

385  21 -1475 -1250 N BalticBronze II U NE PL, Latvia, Lithuania,           L
                                        Belorussia, see map 15a (17);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Baltic Bronze Age II.

385  35 -1475 -1250 N Kiukais         U S & W coast SF & Estonia, see map   L
                                        15a (30); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (384-33). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (383-46). Syn. Kiukainen.

385  20 -1475 -1100 N Log Hut         U {Area betw Ural & Dnepr RR incl     L
                                        Crimea, S SU} + area along Black
                                        Sea coast W of Dnepr R. (See maps
                                        14a (22), 15a (16); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska.")
                                        *{384-30} + area along Black Sea*
                                        *coast W of Dnepr R *
                                                                                Start date interpolated between (384-30)
                                                                                and this record. End date acc/to (386-34).
                                                                                Syn. "Srubova" culture.

385  12 -1475 -1300 N N. Early Bronze U DK, NW D, S S, SE corner of N, see  L
                                        map 15a (9); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Full name: Northern Early Bronze
                                                                                Age.

385  39 -1475 -1300 N Polada          U N I, S coast of F, see map 15a      L
                                        (34); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Start date interpolated between (384-49)
                                                                                and this record. Apparent expansion over
                                                                                (384-49). Culture synonym: "Terramare"
                                                                                acc/to authors.

224   5 -1470 #     A Hittites        A Aleppo                              C
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                *{900-214}*

900 216 -1470 -1405 A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.} +
                                        {Aleppo} *{900-215} + {224-5}*
                                                                                Lose Syria to Mitanni in -1405.

 21   6 -1450 #     A Achaeans        H Rhodos, Milet, Cos & Colophon,      C
                                        Melos, Samos.
                                                                                From Greek mainland.

 13   6 -1450 -1200 A MDMGC           U Middle course of Danube &           L
                                        bordering Czech areas.
                                                                                Full name: Middle Danube mound grave
                                                                                culture. (The abbrev. MDMGC has been added
                                                                                to the people synonyms list.)

220   4 -1430 #     N Hurrians        O Konya Plain (AM) (see Figure, p.    A
                                        816, ref 224)
                                                                                From E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran +
                                                                                NW Syria + AM (that part called Cappadocia
                                                                                in Hellenistic times) + S part (Cilicia)
                                                                                of AM. *{220-3}*

900 217 -1405 #     A Hittites        A {Aleppo} + {Syria, N of Aleppo & W  T
                                        of Euphrates R} *{224-5} + {311-
                                        24}*
                                                                                To Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [Aleppo + Syria, N of Aleppo
                                                                                & W of Euphrates R.] *{900-218}* Rest
                                                                                conquered by Mitanni.

900 218 -1405 -1370 N Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                        Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                        Aleppo
                                        & W of Euphrates R. ]} *{900-
                                        216} - * *[{224-5} + {311-24}]*

385  24 -1400 -1300 A Abashevo        U Area nr & E of Moscow, betw Oka &   L
                                        Volga RR, & Kama R area, SU, see
                                        map 15a (20,20a); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."

179  15 -1400 -1100 A Barrow Graves   U From Rhine R to Carpathian basin &  L
                                        (acc/to 116-1) from CSSR in N to
                                        YU in S.
                                                                                Use maps on p. 114/115 of article (ref)
                                                                                116.

385  46 -1400 -1250 N Cinerary Urns   U GB, Ireland, excl S England, see    L
                                        map 15a (40); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (386-22). Also includes
                                                                                "Food Vessel" culture.

385  15 -1400 -1300 N Coslogeni       U SE ROM & NE BG, see map 15a (13);   L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Including Late Tei culture.

 38   9 -1400 -1100 A Fatjanovo       B E along Volga R & its tributaries,  E
                                        lower Oka, Sura, lower Vjatka,
                                        lower Kama RR.
                                                                                From C Russia (maps 12a(x) & 14a(26), CS
                                                                                Atlas). *{172-37}*

385   7 -1400 -1100 N Glasinac        U C YU, see map 15a (5);              L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Labelled Glasinac I between 1400
                                                                                and 1300 BC. End date acc/to (386-9) which
                                                                                also lists an Illyrian region.

385  44 -1400 -1250 N Hilversum       U N B, S NL, see map 15a (39);        L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

900 219 -1400 #     A Hittites        A {Cyprus} *{222-6}*                  C
                                                                                Acc/ to (222-6). From the Halys R area,
                                                                                around Ankara, TR + Khattusha in Khatti,
                                                                                AM (approx. from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) &
                                                                                the plain of Konya in W to mts in Malatya
                                                                                region in E). + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of
                                                                                Euphrates R. + Aleppo - [Aleppo
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.].
                                                                                *{900-218}*

222   6 -1400 -1200 A Hittites        A Cyprus                              L
                                                                                Souzerainty (suzerainty?) only.

385  25 -1400 -1250 N Late Jakov      U Oka & Moksa RR area, see map 15a    L
                                        (21); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (386-36).

385  48 -1400 -1300 N MiddleBronzeAge U Iberia (except SE), W F (except     L
                                        Brittany), see map 15a (41);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: Border groups of the
                                                                                Middle Bronze Age.

385   8 -1400 -1250 N Mound Grave     U C F, D, CS, W H, NE YU, see map 15  L
                                        a (6a-g); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolation between
                                                                                this record and (386-21). Syn.
                                                                                Huegelgraeber. Believed by (27-3) to have
                                                                                been Proto-Celtic.

 21   3 -1400 #     A Mycenaeans      H Crete                               S
                                                                                From Greek mainland (Mycenae and
                                                                                surrounding areas). Added to original
                                                                                population.

900 278 -1400 -1000 A Mysians         P Rhyndakos & Makestos RV modern      S
                                        Adirnas Tschai & Susorlu Tschai
                                        RV. (This is NW AM, see Mysia,
                                        p.16, Putzger/Lendl/Wagner Atlas.)
                                        + Caicus (Bakir) RV
                                                                                Acc/to (39-6). They came in waves from SE
                                                                                Balkans. *{39-4}*

900 279 -1400 -800  A Mysians         P {Rhyndakos & Makestos RV modern     L
                                        Adirnas Tschai & Susorlu Tschai
                                        RV. (This is NW AM, see Mysia,
                                        p.16, Putzger/Lendl/Wagner Atlas.)
                                        + Caicus (Bakir) RV} *{900-278}*
                                                                                Acc/to (39-6) and (224-36). We assume that
                                                                                they existed in all of Mysia, not just
                                                                                Bakir RV.

385  16 -1400 -1300 N Nova            U Transylvania & Moldavia, ROM & SU,  L
                                        see map
                                        15a(14);"ArcheologickyAtlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Including Late Monteoru & Costisa cultures.

385  10 -1400 -1300 N OlderBronzeAge  U N D, NL, see map 15a (8);           L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Gens includes "Ilmenau-Lueneburg"
                                                                                and "older Soegel" groups. Full name:
                                                                                Older Bronze Age.

901  97 -1400 -1300 A Paeones         U {EC Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R plain)  T
                                        + Beyond Vardar R thru plain to
                                        Ludias R, then into Eordaea,
                                        Lyncus & finally Pelagonia. Up
                                        Vardar R to Stobi} -
                                        {EC Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R             To EC Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R plain).
                                        plain)} *{901-98} - {47-23]*            *{901-99}* Acc/to ref 47, same paragraph
                                                                                as (47-24).

901  99 -1400 -1150 A Paeones         U {EC Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R         L
                                        plain)} *{47-23}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-97). End
                                                                                date to conform to (901-100). This record
                                                                                inserted to assure continuance of the
                                                                                Paeones. See (47-56).

385  14 -1400 -1100 N Pilin           U Border region betw Slovakia & H     L
                                        betw Danube knee & Tisza R, see
                                        map 15a (12); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (386-7).

385  13 -1400 -1300 N Potisi          U H & W R, E of Tisza R,see map 15a   L
                                        (11); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Reference is to groups in Potisi,
                                                                                Felsoeszoecs, Egyek.

385   4 -1400 -1300 N Raskopanica     U C & S BG, see map 15a (2);          L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

214   1 -1400 -1200 A Sherden         U Sardinia                            M
                                                                                Probably from Cyprus (acc/to ref 214) or
                                                                                from Hermus region of AM E of Chios Is.
                                                                                not from Sardinia (acc/to (225-8)).

385  37 -1400 -1300 N Thapsos         U Sicily, see map 15a (32);           L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

128   4 -1400 #     A Thracians       P GR                                  A
                                                                                From SE Balkans (mostly BG). *{900-289}*

385  27 -1400 -1300 N Turbino-Sejmin  U Area betw Vologdar Perm, C SU,see   L
                                        map 15a (23); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

385  30 -1400 -1300 N Uzmen           U L Dvina R area, NE Belorussia, see  L
                                        map 15a (25a); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

901  88 -1380 -1000 A Hurrians        O {E TR,N Syria and possibly NW Iran  IB
                                        + NW Syria + AM (that part called
                                        Cappadociain Hellenistic times) +
                                        S part (Cilicia) of AM} - {N of
                                        Assyria, around Lake Van} *{220-
                                        3} - {312-6}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Start
                                                                                date to conform to (220-3); end date
                                                                                acc/to E.

312   6 -1380 -585  A Hurrians        O N of Assyria, around Lake Van       L
                                                                                Start date acc/to Ploetz p. 56; end date
                                                                                conquest by Medes acc/to Ploetz p. 310.
                                                                                Predominant ethnic group, states coalesced
                                                                                into Urartu Kingdom.

224   8 -1370 #     N Hittites        A Damascus                            A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.]. *{900-218}*

217   2 -1370 #     A Hittites        A Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level   C
                                        of modern Birecik and
                                        Mediterranean Sea.
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.]. *{900-218}*
                                                                                Came through E Anatolia not through Syria.
                                                                                (Postgate: First Empires).

900 220 -1370 -1330 N Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                        Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                        Aleppo
                                        & W of Euphrates R. ] } + {Mitanni
                                        betw Euphrates R at level of
                                        modern Birecik and Mediterranean
                                        Sea.} *{900-217} + {217-2}*

224   9 -1334 #     N Assyrians       E Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level   C
                                        of modern Birecik and
                                        Mediterranean.
                                                                                From Assyria (centered on Tigris R), Iraq.
                                                                                *{900-64}*

900  66 -1334 -625  A Assyrians       E {Mitanni betw Euphrates R at level  L
                                        of modern Birecik and
                                        Mediterranean.} *{224-9}*

217   5 -1330 #     A Hittites        A SW AM (ancient Arzawa)              C
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R.] + Mitanni betw
                                                                                Euphrates R at level of modern Birecik and
                                                                                Mediterranean Sea. *{900-220}*

900 230 -1330 -1200 A Hittites        A {Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +  L
                                        Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx.
                                        from Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the
                                        plain of Konya in W to mts in
                                        Malatya region in E). + Syria, N
                                        of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                        Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                        Aleppo
                                        & W of Euphrates R. ] + Mitanni         Conquered by Thracians from Thrace.
                                        betw Euphrates R at level of
                                        modern Birecik and Mediterranean
                                        Sea.} + {SW AM (ancient Arzawa)}
                                        *{900-220} + {217-5}*

107   6 -1300 -900  A Aegaeans        U NW Balkans                          M
                                                                                From Aegean region in 3 waves.

313   1 -1300 -1100 A Aramaeans       E Mountainous area E of Syria         L

900 100 -1300 -1100 A Balts           B {Shores of Baltic, Byelorussia      L
                                        greater Russia. Along Baltic up to
                                        SW SF. To middle & upper Dnepr,
                                        upper Volga, & Oka RR. See fig 10
                                        xerox in ref 38. - [ C Russia
                                        (maps 12a(x) & & 14a(26), CS
                                        Atlas) + Along Belaja R as far as
                                        S Ural Mts.
                                        + E along Volga R & its                 Acc/to (314-9).
                                        tributaries, lower Oka, Sura,
                                        lower Vjatka, lower Kama RR. ]}
                                        *{900-97}*

201   3 -1300 -500  A Bronze Age      U Along entire coast of SF            L
                                                                                Culture.

900 157 -1300 -1100 N Dorians         H Epirus                              L
                                                                                Acc/to (22-3). Predated to -1300 since
                                                                                presumably they were there at least by
                                                                                then.

 40   6 -1300 -1250 A Eneti           U Around Morava R, YU (See ref, Fig.  L
                                        12 for location.)

224  11 -1300 #     A Hittites        A Damascus                            A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. ] + Mitanni
                                                                                betw Euphrates R at level of modern
                                                                                Birecik and Mediterranean Sea. + SW AM
                                                                                (ancient Arzawa). *{900-230}*

 48  23 -1300 -1200 A Horizon V       U Oltenia & Banat, Mid & W Muntenia   L
                                        & SW Transilvania
                                                                                Culture.

116   3 -1300 #     A Incrusted Ware  U N YU, Sirmia, S Backa, (W           M
                                        Vojvodina), Banat & SW ROM
                                                                                Pushed by Huegelgraeber (Barrow Graves)
                                                                                culture. From Transdanubian H up to Drava
                                                                                R (see map on p. 16). *{131-5}*

313  19 -1300 -900  A Medes           R E of Zagros Mts, & N of Caspian     L
                                        Sea.
                                                                                Group of Iranians.

901 111 -1300 -1200 A N. Early Bronze U NW D (W of Elbe), NL, S N           E
                                                                                From DK, NW D, S S, SE corner of N, see
                                                                                map 15a (9); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                                                                Ceskoslovenska." *{385-12}* Culture.
                                                                                Inferred from (385-12) and (386-46).

386  46 -1300 -1100 N N. Early Bronze U NL, DK, N D & DDR, S S & N (= (385- L
                                        12) + (901-111)), see map 16a (3);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date to conform to (901-
                                                                                111). Full name: Northern Early Bronze Age.

 48   5 -1300 -1200 A Nova            U SE Transilvania, Dobrugea,          L
                                        Moldava, & NE Muntenia, ROM
                                                                                Culture. Acc/to (385-16) & (386-15)
                                                                                Dobrugea is not included.

 40   1 -1300 -1250 A Philistines     O Balkans (See ref, Fig 12 for        L
                                        location)
                                                                                Start date: conservative estimate. End
                                                                                date to conform to (40-2). Indo-European
                                                                                people.

304   2 -1300 -400  A Siles. Urnfield U Area N and E of Prague, and areas   L
                                        along Morava and Becva RR, and
                                        Holasovice and Katerinky, CS.
                                                                                Full name: Silesian Phase Urnfield
                                                                                Culture, but called Lausitz & recent
                                                                                Urnfield cultures in Slovakia.

 48  24 -1300 -1150 A Suciu de Sus    U W Transilvania & Maramures          L
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to Fig. 51, ref 48.

900 290 -1300 #     A Thracians       P {Pieria} *{47-55}*                  S
                                                                                Inferred from (47-55). From SE Balkans
                                                                                (mostly BG). *{900-289}*

 47  55 -1300 -650  A Thracians       P Pieria                              L

365   1 -1300 -700  A Urnfield        U C & E Europe (see Map 2 p 172,      L
                                        hatched central area for outline),
                                        & I (all) & Sicily.
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to Czech Atlas, map
                                                                                17a. In N & W I this culture is called
                                                                                Villanova. It eventually gave way to
                                                                                Etruscan culture.

217   6 -1260 #     A Hittites        A Cyprus                              A
                                                                                From Halys R area, around Ankara, TR +
                                                                                Khattusha in Khatti, AM (approx. from
                                                                                Kizil Irmak R (R Halys) & the plain of
                                                                                Konya in W to mts in Malatya region in E).
                                                                                + Syria, N of Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. +
                                                                                Aleppo - [ Aleppo + Syria, N of
                                                                                Aleppo & W of Euphrates R. ] + Mitanni
                                                                                betw Euphrates R at level of modern
                                                                                Birecik and Mediterranean Sea. + SW AM
                                                                                (ancient Arzawa). *{900-230}*
                                                                                Reestablished military domination.

316   6 -1250 -1150 A Armenians       O N Anatolia; incl:Troy and Bogazkoy. C
                                                                                Occupied Troy and destroyed Hittite empire
                                                                                with its capital city of Bogazkoy. From
                                                                                Balkan Mtns.

900  56 -1250 -575  A Armenians       O {N Anatolia; incl:Troy and          L
                                        Bogazkoy} *{316-6}*
                                                                                Start and end dates to conform to (316-6)
                                                                                and (900-57), respectively.  Their
                                                                                presence in Anatolia for this period is
                                                                                not definite.

168  12 -1250 #     A Ausonii         I Liparic Is.                         Q
                                                                                See (26-20). Not clear from where. They
                                                                                may have come from Italian peninsula.

 26  20 -1250 -900  A Ausonii         I WC I, Map page 359                  L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (168-12).

386  44 -1250 -1100 N Baltic L.Bronze U Latvia, Lithuania, see map 16a      L
                                        (37); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full name: Baltic Late Bronze Age.

386  22 -1250 -1100 N Cinerary Urns   U GB & Ireland, see map 16a (21);     L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This culture includes Deverel-Rimbury
                                                                                groups. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (385-46). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (385-46).

158   3 -1250 -1150 A Daco-Mysians    P C Balkans & N of E Balkans, S of    L
                                        Stara Planina.

 40   9 -1250 -1200 A Eneti           U N AM (See ref, Fig. 12 for          M
                                        location.)
                                                                                From Around Morava R, YU (See ref, Fig. 12
                                                                                for location.) *{40-6}* Referred to as
                                                                                Paphlagonian Eneti.

386  24 -1250 -1100 N Late Hilversum  U NL, see map 16a (24);               L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

386  36 -1250 -1100 N Late Jakov      U Area between Volga & Oka RR, SU,    L
                                        see map 16a (39); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (385-25). Apparent
                                                                                expansion over (385-25).

386  40 -1250 -1100 N Late Kiukais    U S SF & Estonia, see map 16a (44);   L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

386  20 -1250 -1100 N Late Rhone      U Rhone R area, F, see map 16a (19);  L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Called "Late Rhone" culture; a type of
                                                                                Funerary Urn Culture.

386  21 -1250 -1100 N Mound Grave     U Betw Seine, Loire & Rhine RR, F,    L
                                        see map 16a (20); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                (Syn. Huegelgraeber). A type of "Funerary
                                                                                Urn Culture." Start date interpolated
                                                                                between this record and (385-8).
                                                                                Contraction over (385-8) may be more
                                                                                apparent than real. Cultures elswhere
                                                                                renamed. In general succeeded by Funerary
                                                                                Urns.

224  31 -1250 #     N Mycenaeans      H Iasus, Mueskebi (Halicarnassus      S
                                        peninsula), Miletus, Colophon (all
                                        Aegean AM).
                                                                                From Greek mainland (Mycenae and
                                                                                surrounding areas).

 40   2 -1250 -1150 A Philistines     O Crete, Aegaean Is., N. Syria        M
                                        Palestine, Egypt, Cyprus, AM
                                                                                From Balkans (See ref, Fig 12 for
                                                                                location). *{40-1}* Cyprus & Crete added
                                                                                to record based on (21-9); AM added to
                                                                                record based on (21-8).

386  37 -1250 -950  N Pre-Kazan       U Area around Kazan, Volga & Kama     L
                                        RR, SU, see map 16a (40);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture.

168  13 -1250 #     A Siculi          I E Sicily                            M
                                                                                Not clear from where. They may have come
                                                                                from Italian peninsula.

900 995 -1250 -500  A Siculi          I {E Sicily} *{168-13}*               L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (168-13). End
                                                                                date from (320-16). May have assumed the
                                                                                name of Pre-IndoEuropean inhabitants (26-
                                                                                10).

 47  22 -1250 -1200 A Teucri          U Thrace, Pelagonia to Ionian Sea as  C
                                        far S as Peneus R (in NW
                                        Peloponnese)
                                                                                From AM. (Herodotus' term for Trojans.)

386  14 -1250 -1100 N Troy            U NW AM, Thrace & W coast Black Sea,  L
                                        see map 16a (13); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This is the Troy VII culture. Start date
                                                                                for consistency with (384-3). This appears
                                                                                to be a relocation of (384-3). We are not
                                                                                certain this is correct.

222   7 -1200 -1050 A Achaeans        H Cyprus                              S
                                                                                From Greek mainland. Refugees from
                                                                                Mycaenean disasters. Acc/to (214-2), these
                                                                                are the first Greek settlers on island.

224  32 -1200 -1000 A Aeolians        H N of Hermus (Gediz) R up to         S
                                        Pitane, incl Cyme. (All in AM).
                                                                                From Boeotia & Thessaly. (Displaced by
                                                                                Dorian invasion).

386  13 -1200 -1100 N Babadag         U W coast Black Sea, see map 16a      L
                                        (13); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Located with the Babadag Culture is the
                                                                                East Bulgarian group. The Middle Bulgarian
                                                                                (Late Bronze Age) was located in the
                                                                                Rhodope Mtns of GR & BG.

112   7 -1200 #     A Balkan people   U Aegaean & Anatolia                  M
                                                                                From the Balkans.

386  31 -1200 -1100 N Belogrudov      U SE Ukraine, see map 16a (32);       L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Originated from Trziniec &
                                                                                Komarov cultures acc/to (13-20).

900 312 -1200 -1100 A Chonii          Y Albania                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (157-7).

388  47 -1200 -600  N Colchis         U E coast Black Sea, see map 18a      L
                                        (45); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy
                                        A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Start date acc/to (386-25).

900 298 -1200 -500  A Dalmatians      Y Mouth of Krka R to mouth of Cetina  L
                                        R interior around Dinara Mts &
                                        fertile fields of W Bosnia (Liva,
                                        Duvno, Glamoc) (YU).
                                                                                Dates are very approximate. Their sources
                                                                                in (51-8) are in some doubt.

900 327 -1200 600   A Dardani         Y SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia.   L
                                        (See vertically shaded area,
                                        foldout map from ref 46, end of
                                        book xeroxed).
                                                                                Start date acc/to (46-13), but modified to
                                                                                conform to (158-1); end date acc/to (114-
                                                                                30). E part of Dardanian area with
                                                                                substantial Thracian admixture. By 28 BC
                                                                                completely lost their independence (to
                                                                                Romans) and became mixed and assimilated
                                                                                with succeeding populations.

214   3 -1200 -850  A Denyen          U E Cilicia AM                        L
                                                                                Unknown racial origin, possibly Sea
                                                                                Peoples, Semiticized in speech. (Syn.
                                                                                Danuniyim.)

901 117 -1200 -1100 N Deverel-Rimbury U {E Anglia up to Lincolnshire &      M
                                        chalk downs of Sussex & Wessex,
                                        Cornwall} *{44-8}*
                                                                                From across channel. Hybrid Tumulus-
                                                                                Urnfield culture.

 44   8 -1200 -1100 N Deverel-Rimbury U E Anglia up to Lincolnshire &       L
                                        chalk downs of Sussex & Wessex,
                                        Cornwall
                                                                                Hybrid Tumulus-Urnfield culture.

 47  26 -1200 -1000 A Dorians         H Thessaly                            Q
                                                                                From (actually through) C Epirus.

 48  25 -1200 -800  A Early Hallstatt U ROM                                 L
                                                                                Culture. Presumably not Celtic speakers.
                                                                                They include various groups of which we
                                                                                have Babadaz (386-13), Pecica (173-23), &
                                                                                Suciu de Sus (48-24), coded U by us, and
                                                                                may therefore duplicate information.

162   9 -1200 -400  A Eteocretans     U E Crete nr Praesus                  L
                                                                                An indigenous people, with their own
                                                                                language.

386   2 -1200 -700  N Funerary Urns   U Bohemia, CS & E Bavaria, D, see     L
                                        map 16a (2a-e); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                End date acc/to (387-2). Full culture
                                                                                name: "Bohemian & E. Bavarian Funerary
                                                                                Urn." Several group included within this
                                                                                culture. Not clear how this relates to
                                                                                Funerary Urn of (234-15).

131   9 -1200 -1100 A Gava            U H E of Tisza R, & Transilvania      M
                                        (ROM), map 16a(7);"Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. From Voivodina (Batshka & Banat).

386   6 -1200 -800  N Gava            U {H E of Tisza R, & Transilvania     L
                                        (ROM), map 16a(7);"Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."}
                                        *{131-9}*
                                                                                Culture. End date given by text at (131-
                                                                                9). Continued by record (387-9).

224  14 -1200 -700  A Hittites        A SE AM                               L
                                                                                States of Carchemish, Malatya, Tabal, &
                                                                                Que. (See map on pg. 820 of ref 224.)

900 329 -1200 -1    A Iapodi          Y Hinterland of Liburni, (see         L
                                        foldout map in ref 46). Region
                                        bounded by Postojna (NE of
                                        Trieste) to Krk Is in the west and
                                        Lika region (Licko Polje; E of
                                        Gospic) and NW Bosnia (Una RV) in
                                        the east. N boundary: Sava RV
                                        (includes city of
                                        Siscia (modern Sisak)).                 Acc/to (158-8), (51-14), (165-43).

900 314 -1200 -1100 A Iapygi          Y Albania                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-315).

900 344 -1200 -300  A Illyrians       Y {Betw Epirus & Cetina R & defined   L
                                        inland by Neretva R & the mouth of
                                        its tributary, the Rama, & from
                                        the area by the watershed of the
                                        Neretva & Bosna RR. + From mouth
                                        of Cetina to mouth of Krka R, incl
                                        W & S Bosnia & Lika plain.} *{900-
                                        341}*
                                                                                Illyrians are found in this entire area.
                                                                                We have named record of tribes for many
                                                                                parts of it starting with 1200 BC for
                                                                                some, but records for individual tribes do
                                                                                not cover the entire area. This record
                                                                                will need adjusting after locality
                                                                                consistency check.

165  45 -1200 -200  A Illyrii         Y W of L Scutari (see map 1).         L
                                                                                These are Illyrians in the narrowest sense.

224  33 -1200 -1000 A Ionians         H Chios, Samos (Is) Phocaea           S
                                        Clazomenae, Erythrae, Teos,
                                        Lebedus, Colophon, Ephesus, Piene,
                                        Myus & Miletus (in AM).
                                                                                From Athens.

900 145 -1200 -1000 N Ionians         H Peloponnese Isthmus                 L
                                                                                Acc/ to (160-11) and terminated by
                                                                                subsequent Dorian invasion.

900 299 -1200 -300  A Istri           Y Istria, YU                          L
                                                                                Earlier date acc/to (123-12), but modified
                                                                                to conform to (158-1). Latest date acc/to
                                                                                (165-40).

221   1 -1200 #     A Kaska           U Bogazkoey, Alaca, Alisar (AM)       A
                                        (modern names, TR) (see maps in
                                        ref 224 for locations)
                                                                                Nomads of unknown language, troublesome to
                                                                                Hittites. From N of Kattusha (mod.
                                                                                Bgazkoey) AM. *{219-7)*

 19   4 -1200 -750  A Knoviz          U NC Bohemia (see outline on map 41,  L
                                        Czech Atlas)
                                                                                Culture. Probably proto-Celtic. Dates
                                                                                taken from Czech Atlas maps 41 & 42.

386   8 -1200 -1100 N Late ZBCGM      U Danube R area, W of Olt R, YU,      L
                                        ROM, see map 16a (8);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Zuto Brdno-Cirna-Girla
                                                                                Mare" (Late)

901 113 -1200 -600  A Lausitz         U C & E Europe from Silesia & S       L
                                        Brandenburg to Bug R, in S to NE
                                        Bohemia, N Moravia, NW Slovakia.
                                                                                Based on numerous records, incl. (27-4),
                                                                                (152-8), and (388-8). Culture. Some
                                                                                authors consider them pre-Celtic, others
                                                                                pre-Illyrian.

900 301 -1200 #     A Liburni         Y YU coast from Opatija to mouth of   E
                                        Krka R (nr. Sibenik).
                                                                                Implied by (158-6). From Istria.

900 302 -1200 -1    A Liburni         Y {Istria, YU, S and E of Rasa R} +   L
                                        {YU coast from Opatija to mouth of
                                        Krka R (nr. Sibenik).} *{900-300}
                                        + {900-301}*
                                                                                Acc/to (158-6), (51-7). End date acc/to
                                                                                (165-49).

221  13 -1200 -700  A Lydians         A W slopes along Maeander R (AM)      L
                                                                                Language may be related to Hurrian (Indo-
                                                                                Iranian) or to Palaic (Indo-Europeans).
                                                                                Later references call it Anatolian and we
                                                                                have coded it thus. No reference to
                                                                                origins of these people.

386  10 -1200 -1100 N M. Bulgarian    U Rhodope Mtn area, BG & GR, see map  L
                                        16a (10); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Middle Bulgarian Late
                                                                                Bronze Age."

386   4 -1200 -1100 N M.DanubeInciner U H, N YU & S CS, see map 16a (5a-    L
                                        e); "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Several groups included within this
                                                                                culture. Full name: Middle Danube
                                                                                Incinerary Urn.

900 319 -1200 -1100 A Messapii        Y Albania                             L
                                                                                For consistency with (900-320).

313  10 -1200 -1165 A Mushki          O Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van, TR   M
                                                                                From Europe. May have been different wave
                                                                                of Phrygians, but other scholars think
                                                                                they came via E of Black Sea and joined
                                                                                Phrygians after an attempt to thrust
                                                                                southward to Mesopotamia was checked by
                                                                                Assyrians in 1115 BC.

901  90 -1200 -1115 N Mushki          O {Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van,     L
                                        TR} *{313-10}*
                                                                                Start date: to conform to (313-10); end
                                                                                date: to conform to (313-12).

386  43 -1200 -1100 N N.LateBronzeAge U S N, DK, S S, N D, DDR, see map     L
                                        16a (3); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Northern Younger
                                                                                Bronze Age periods III- IV."

 23   6 -1200 -1000 A NW. Greeks      H Macedonia                           S
                                                                                Not known specifically from where. Most
                                                                                likely from Pelagonia.

386  15 -1200 -1100 N Nova            U Moldavia SU, E ROM except           L
                                        Dobrugea, see map 16a (14);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. Plus other Romanian culture
                                                                                "groups" of the end of the Bronze Age.

386  17 -1200 -700  N Pantalica       U Sicily, see map 16a (16);           L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This is a "group" rather than a culture.
                                                                                End date acc/to (387-17).

386   3 -1200 -700  N Saalemuendungsg U Saale R mouth area, DDR, see map    L
                                        16a (4); "Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Full culture name: "Saalemuendungsgruppe."
                                                                                End date acc/to (387-4).

221   7 -1200 -800  A Tabalians       A Area S of Halys R up to Taurus Mts. L
                                                                                These were older Luvians that had survived
                                                                                the Hittite collapse.

386  35 -1200 -950  N Textile Ceramic U N SU from Estonia to Vologda &      L
                                        Moscow, see map 16a (38);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date interpolated between
                                                                                this record and (387-40).

900 292 -1200 -800  A Thracians       P {E Balkans, Carpathians (mostly     L
                                        ROM and Moldavian SSR, acc/to (387-
                                        8).)} *{900-253}*
                                                                                Acc/to (173-24), (173-25).

386  32 -1200 -1100 N Trzciniec       U S & E Belorussia and N Ukraine,     L
                                        see map 16a (33); "Archeologicky
                                        Atlas Evropy A Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                This culture includes Sosnick group. This
                                                                                is a smaller area than earlier (13-5).

386  45 -1200 -700  N Unstrut         U Unstrut R, DDR, see map 16a (4a);   L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (387-4) where in
                                                                                Czech Atlas area 4a is called "related
                                                                                groups" (to Saalemuendungsgruppe).

157   8 -1200 -1100 A Urnfield        U Albania                             L
                                                                                Culture.

901 114 -1200 -700  A Urnfield        U NL, C & S D (W of {365-1}), B, E    L
                                        F, Rhone R basin, &
                                        Slovenia,Croatia, N Bosnia (mostly
                                        from Czech Atlas, map 16a & 17a,
                                        look for popelnicovyeh poli).
                                                                                Acc/to (179-16), (181-4), (365-4), and
                                                                                (365-6).  Culture.

386  30 -1200 -600  N Vysock          U N Ukraine, see map 16a (31);        L
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture. End date acc/to (388-34).

 47  25 -1190 -1140 A Brygi           P Upper Vardar R into Pelagonia &     M
                                        Lyncus. To N & C Albania & Epirus.
                                        Another group went into C
                                        Macedonia plain below Edessa, area
                                        W of Axius R. (ref 47, map 1)
                                                                                From H. They are related to, but probably
                                                                                not identical with the Phrygians.

 47  38 -1190 -1050 A Brygi           P Epidamnos (N Albania) & Mati RV     L

900 260 -1190 -492  A Brygi           P {Upper Vardar R into Pelagonia &    L
                                        Lyncus. To N & C Albania & Epirus.
                                        Another group went into C
                                        Macedonia plain below Edessa, area
                                        W of Axius R. (ref 47, map 1)} -
                                        {Epidamnos (N Albania) & Mati
                                        RV} - {N Albanian plains} *{47-
                                        25} - {47-38}
                                        - {900-261}*                            Acc/to (165-24). Subjugated by Persians,
                                                                                they partly served in Xerxes' army.

900 261 -1190 -800  A Brygi           P N Albanian plains                   L
                                                                                Acc/to (47-61); pushed out by Dardani.

 47  47 -1190 -1150 A Phrygians       P C Albania, Epirus, W coastal plain  E
                                        of Macedonia.
                                                                                From Pelagonia (part of Macedonia).

 47  28 -1160 -1130 A Phrygians       P Troad (area around Troy)            S
                                                                                From Balkans.

901 100 -1150 #     A Paeones         U {Betw Strymon & Axius RR} + {EC     E
                                        Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R plain)}
                                        *{47-56} + {901-99}*
                                                                                From EC Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R plain).
                                                                                *{901-99}* Necessary to locate them up to
                                                                                the Strymon R. Date acc/to (47-56).

 47  56 -1150 -1080 A Paeones         U Betw Strymon & Axius RR (= (901-    L
                                        99) + (901-100))

 47  45 -1140 -1120 N Brygi           P Mycenae                             S
                                                                                From Upper Vardar R into Pelagonia &
                                                                                Lyncus. To N & C Albania & Epirus. Another
                                                                                group went into C Macedonia plain below
                                                                                Edessa, area W of Axius R. (ref 47, map
                                                                                1) - Epidamnos (N Albania) & Mati RV - N
                                                                                Albanian plains. *{900-260}* Some
                                                                                followed the Dorians down to Peloponnese.

900 160 -1120 #     A Dorians         H Isthmus, Argolis, Laconia (in       Q
                                        Peloponnese).
                                                                                From C Epirus. Acc/to (47-44), from
                                                                                Albania & Epirus under pressure from the
                                                                                Brygi. Laconia is spelled Laconica in
                                                                                Putzger-Lendl-Wagner Atlas.

313  12 -1115 #     A Mushki          O W to Halys R area W of Amanus       M
                                        Mtns, TR.
                                                                                From Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van, TR.
                                                                                *{313-10}* Joined Phrygians.

223   2 -1114 #     N Assyrians       E Ancient Subartu: Up Tigris RV betw  C
                                        Mts Idni & Aia, Up Zab RV.
                                                                                From Assyria (centered on Tigris R), Iraq.
                                                                                *{900-64}*

223   3 -1113 #     N Assyrians       E W of L Van                          C
                                                                                Inhabited by Nairi hill-folk. From Assyria
                                                                                (centered on Tigris R), Iraq. *{900-64}*

313   2 -1112 #     A Aramaeans       E N of Aleppo, S of Amanus Mtns, TR   M
                                                                                From mountainous area E of Syria. *{313-1}*

313   5 -1100 -1080 A Aramaeans       E Along Euphrates R, N Babylonia      S
                                        (Iraq).
                                                                                From mountainous area E of Syria. *{313-1}*

900  51 -1100 -800  A Aramaeans       E {Along Euphrates R, N Babylonia     L
                                        (Iraq).} *{313-5}*

221   6 -1100 #     A Assyrians       E Area of Halfeti on U Euphrates R    C
                                                                                Carried off 6K Phrygian captives to
                                                                                Nisibis. From Assyria (centered on Tigris
                                                                                R), Iraq. *{900-64}*

900  67 -1100 -625  A Assyrians       E {Ancient Subartu: Up Tigris RV      L
                                        betw Mts Idni & Aia, Up Zab RV.} +
                                        {W of L Van} + {Area of Halfeti on
                                        U Euphrates R.} *{223-2} + {223-3}
                                        + {221-6}*

900 102 -1100 -800  A Balts           B {N Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map  L
                                        17a (32); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + N
                                        Ukraine & S Belorussia, see map
                                        18a (35); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + Pripet
                                        R, Dnepr R.} + {Moscow, Vitebsk,
                                        Chernigov
                                        See under Plain Pottery or              Acc/to (38-3).
                                        Jukhnovo group, fig 297, xerox. +
                                        W Ukraine, Volhynia, Kiev.} *{900-
                                        101} + {900-103}*

900 104 -1100 -1    A Balts           B NE PL, Lithuania, Latvia, see map   L
                                        20a (15); 'Archeologicky Atlas
                                        Evropy A Ceskoslovenska'. + W
                                        Belorussia, see map 20a (16);
                                        'Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska'.
                                                                                Acc/to (38-3), (314-9), (389-14), (389-
                                                                                15). Gens given by authors is simply
                                                                                "Baltic Tribe Culture" so I have decided
                                                                                to use "Balts" instead.

900 106 -1100 650   A Balts           B {C Russia (maps 12a(x) & 14a(26),   L
                                        CS Atlas).} + other areas.
                                        See long record. *{900-98} +
                                        {900-100} + {900-99}* * + {38-9} -
                                        {900-102} * * - {900-104} *
                                                                                End date interpolated between this record
                                                                                and (38-21).

 13  20 -1100 -800  A Belogrudov      U Volhynia, Podolia & Ukraine;        L
                                        forest steppes; center S of Kiev.
                                                                                Culture. Originated from Trziniec &
                                                                                Komarov cultures. Expansion from (386-31),
                                                                                but no movement recorded. Not comment by
                                                                                author that Belogrudov culture continues
                                                                                in Zarubincy culture. Yet I have a 600-yr
                                                                                gap at the moment from 800 to
                                                                                200 BC.

157   7 -1100 -1000 A Chonii          Y E I (probably Apulia)               M
                                                                                From Albania. *{900-312}*

900 313 -1100 -900  N Chonii          Y {E I (probably Apulia)} *{157-7}*   L
                                                                                End date unknown.

162  11 -1100 #     A Cretans         H Cyprus                              M
                                                                                From Crete.

160   7 -1100 #     A Dorians         H Mycenae                             C
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

160   8 -1100 #     A Dorians         H Epidaurus                           C
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

 47  34 -1100 -1000 A Epirotes        H Upper Haliacmon RV                  L
                                                                                Group that spoke a Greek dialect.

900 315 -1100 -1000 A Iapygi          Y Area of Apulia, S I, marked Daunii  M
                                        and Peucetii on map 3, ref 164.
                                                                                Acc/to (157-5), (164-5) and other refs.
                                                                                From Albania. *{900-314}*

900 320 -1100 -1000 A Messapii        Y Area of Apulia, S I, marked         M
                                        Messapii on map 3, ref 164.
                                                                                Acc/to (157-6), (51-23), (26-24). From
                                                                                Albania. *{900-319}*

900 321 -1100 -1    A Messapii        Y {Area of Apulia, S I, marked        L
                                        Messapii on map 3, ref 164.} *{900-
                                        320}*
                                                                                Acc/to (139-11). Also, acc/to (51-23) they
                                                                                were grecized to a great degree.

901 112 -1100 -800  N N. Early Bronze U W N, PL (E of Oder R), SW NL        E
                                                                                From NL, DK, N D & DDR, S S & N. *{386-
                                                                                46}* Culture. Inferred from (386-46) &
                                                                                (387-3).

387   3 -1100 -600  N N. Early Bronze U S S, S N, D, DK, NL, DDR (= (386-   L
                                        46) + (901-112)), see map 17a (3);
                                        "Archeologicky Atlas Evropy A
                                        Ceskoslovenska."
                                                                                Culture from "period V" acc/to authors.
                                                                                Full name: Northern Early Bronze Age.
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-112). End
                                                                                date acc/to (388-4).

 25   1 -1100 #     A Phoenicians     E Gades (Cadiz) also Utica (now in    S
                                        Tunisia), Lixus (Larache in
                                        Spanish Morocco).
                                                                                From Phoenicia (around Tyre, Lebanon). Ref
                                                                                (232-4) believes it unlikely that Gadir
                                                                                was founded much before Utica. This is
                                                                                contrary to widely quoted date of -1100
                                                                                for founding of Gadir.

900 935 -1100 -1000 N Phoenicians     E Utica (now in Tunisia)              L
                                                                                For consistency with (25-1) and (25-3).

900 938 -1100 -573  A Phoenicians     E Lixus (Larache in Spanish Morocco)  L
                                        (see p. 22 in Putzger)
                                                                                For consistency with (25-1). End date is
                                                                                arbitrary name change to Carthaginians.

900 256 -1100 -800  A Phrygians       P AM from ancient Keramon Agora, S    Q
                                        to ancient Sagalassus, betw modern
                                        Eskisehir & Afyon Karahisar, E nr
                                        ancient Gordion and modern Ankara,
                                        Bogazkoey, Pazarli, Alisar, Alaca,
                                        Kueltepe.
                                                                                Acc/to (23-4), (39-5), (119-5), etc. From
                                                                                Macedonia, Thrace + Macedonia, Thrace -
                                                                                Macedonia, Thrace E of Vardar R but not
                                                                                Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr Hellespont),
                                                                                Sea of Marmara (both coasts). *{901-153}*

900 258 -1100 -681  A Phrygians       P {AM from ancient Keramon Agora, S   L
                                        to ancient Sagalassus, betw modern
                                        Eskisehir & Afyon Karahisar, E nr
                                        ancient Gordion and modern Ankara,
                                        Bogazkoey, Pazarli, Alisar, Alaca,
                                        Kueltepe} *{900-256}*
                                                                                Acc/to (221-3), (221-4). Termination
                                                                                acc/to (40-31), but note that (139-9) has
                                                                                Phrygian spoken in C AM until 500 AD.
                                                                                Start date acc/to (900-256).

 38  11 -1100 #     A Timbergrave     R Black Sea coasts                    E
                                                                                They were Proto-Scythians. From lower
                                                                                Volga steppes (part of (900-227)). *{900-
                                                                                227}*

901 101 -1080 #     A Paeones         U {Betw Strymon & Axius RR} - {EC     T
                                        Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R plain)}
                                        *{47-56} - {901-99}*
                                                                                To EC Macedonia (Mid-Vardar R plain). *{47-
                                                                                32}* Implied because (47-56) has an end
                                                                                date.

 47  32 -1080 -700  A Paeones         U Mid Vardar R plain (E C Macedonia)  L
                                                                                End date to conform to (901-102).

 47  49 -1080 #     A Phrygians       P Macedonia, Thrace E of Vardar R     T
                                        but not Propontic Thrace (E Thrace
                                        nr Hellespont), Sea of Marmara
                                        (both coasts).
                                                                                To Macedonia, Thrace - Macedonia, Thrace E
                                                                                of Vardar R but not Propontic Thrace (E
                                                                                Thrace nr Hellespont), Sea of Marmara
                                                                                (both coasts). *{901-153}*

901 153 -1080 -600  A Phrygians       P {Macedonia, Thrace} - {Macedonia,   L
                                        Thrace E of Vardar R but not
                                        Propontic Thrace (E Thrace nr
                                        Hellespont), Sea of Marmara (both
                                        coasts).}  *{900-255} - {47-49}*
                                                                                Acc/to (47-49), (159-3), and (39-27).

313   3 -1060 #     A Aramaeans       E Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van, TR   S
                                                                                From area along Euphrates R, N Babylonia
                                                                                (Iraq). *{313-5}*

901 209 -1060 -900  A Aramaeans       E {Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van,     L
                                        TR} *{313-3}*

162   7 -1050 -950  A Dorians         H Melos, Thera (Cyclades)             S
                                                                                From Peloponnese.

900 161 -1050 -950  A Dorians         H Crete                               S
                                                                                Synthesized from (22-5), (40-3), (162-10).
                                                                                Also Atlas of Greek World p.66. From
                                                                                Peloponnese.

900 175 -1050 #     A Macedonians     H C Haliacmon RV                      E
                                                                                Acc/to (47-33), from N Pieria.

900 176 -1050 -800  A Macedonians     H {N Pieria area} + {C Haliacmon RV}  L
                                        *{900-174} + {900-175}*
                                                                                Acc/to (47-52), (47-88). Coexisted with
                                                                                Phrygians at least between -900 to -800
                                                                                acc/to (47-52).

900 322 -1050 -1000 A Parthini        Y Shkumbi (= Shkumbin = Shkumbini)    M
                                        RV (C Albania). + In hinterland of
                                        Durres (Albania) & in the
                                        direction of L Shkodres.
                                                                                From the North. Acc/to (47-40), and Durres
                                                                                location attributed to (165-62).

900 323 -1050 -100  A Parthini        Y {Shkumbi (= Shkumbin = Shkumbini)   L
                                        RV (C Albania). + In hinterland of
                                        Durres (Albania) & in the
                                        direction of L Shkodres.} *{900-
                                        322}*
                                                                                Acc/to (165-62), they were grecized to a
                                                                                great degree.

 47  39 -1050 -1000 A Taulantii       Y Epidamnos (Durres) & Mati RV (N     M
                                        Albania).
                                                                                From the North.

900 324 -1050 -300  A Taulantii       Y {Epidamnos (Durres) & Mati RV (N    L
                                        Albania).} *{47-39}*
                                                                                Acc/to (47-57), (47-71), (165-7). Although
                                                                                Liburni occupied area from 900 to 626 BC
                                                                                the Taulantii seem to have remained. End
                                                                                date inferred from various citations in
                                                                                the chronology of ref 165.

 22  11 -1000 #     A Aeolians        H Lesbos, Anatolian coast             M
                                                                                Acc/to (22-8), from Thessaly and Boeotia.
                                                                                Displaced by Dorian invasion.

901 207 -1000 -500  A Aeolians        H {Lesbos, Anatolian coast} *{22-11}* L

224  18 -1000 -900  A Aramaeans       E SE AM                               A
                                                                                From Kashiari Mtns, SW of Lake Van, TR.
                                                                                *{313-3}*

313   4 -1000 #     A Aramaeans       E Around & S of Damascus, Syria       S
                                                                                From area along Euphrates R, N Babylonia
                                                                                (Iraq). *{313-5}*

900  52 -1000 -800  A Aramaeans       E Syria                               L
                                                                                (Reference in Ploetz.)

900  54 -1000 -200  A Ardiaei         Y Neretva R mouth + Dalmatia, coast   L
                                        opp Hvar
                                                                                Acc/to (51-10), (165-13).

900 987 -1000 #     A Celts           K Britain & Ireland                   Q
                                                                                From the continent. Acc/to (27-1), (143-
                                                                                3). The times of these entries are wild
                                                                                guesses by me based on the text and other
                                                                                sources. Will be corrected when other
                                                                                references are used. Depends also on
                                                                                whether Britons are believed to have
                                                                                preceeded the Goidelics.

900 223 -1000 #     A Cimmerians      R {C Balkans See map 6, p.119 under   Q
                                        Basarabi & Bosut cultures.} *{108-
                                        10}*
                                                                                To allow for (108-10). From area betw
                                                                                lower Danube & Caucasus Mts. *{37-3}*

108  10 -1000 -650  A Cimmerians      R C Balkans See map 6, p.119 under    L
                                        Basarabi & Bosut cultures.
                                                                                Sometimes called Thraco-Cimmerians but
                                                                                author questions Thraco part. Upper limit
                                                                                of early iron age.

 46  16 -1000 #     A Dardani         Y AM                                  Q
                                                                                From SW Serbia, Kossovo & N Macedonia (See
                                                                                vertically shaded area, foldout map, end
                                                                                of book, xeroxed). *{900-327}* Part of
                                                                                tribe.

900 325 -1000 -900  A Dardani         Y {AM} *{46-16}*                      L
                                                                                Necessitated by (46-16). No end date given.

 26  13 -1000 -500  A Elymi           U Tapani province, NW Sicily, Map p.  L
                                        359
                                                                                End date acc/to (320-18). Probably pre-IE
                                                                                people.

 47  53 -1000 -700  A Eordi           U Eordea (around Pateli) in Epirus,   L
                                        GR
                                                                                Descendants of Bronze Age people of
                                                                                unknown linguistic affinity.

 26  15 -1000 -50   A Etruscans       U W I betw Pisa & Rome,Map page 359   L
                                        (better map in Putzger, p. 21,II)
                                                                                End date from various sources.

164  14 -1000 -500  A Euganians       U NE I, See Map 2                     L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (26-17).

900 316 -1000 -500  A Iapygi          Y {Area of Apulia, S I, marked        L
                                        Daunii and Peucetii on map 3, ref
                                        164.} *{900-315}*
                                                                                Divided into subtribes Daunii and Peucetii
                                                                                after 500 BC (acc/to (26-23) and 164, maps
                                                                                2 and 3). Also acc/to (51-24).

 23   5 -1000 #     A Illyrians       Y W Macedonia                         E
                                                                                But not necessarily displacing prior
                                                                                residents. Probably from Albania. At this
                                                                                time tribes in Albania are already named,
                                                                                whereas these are undifferentiated
                                                                                Illyrians since no tribal names given.

163   2 -1000 -800  A Illyrians       Y Epirus (NW GR, S of Albania)        E
                                                                                From Albania. At this time tribes in
                                                                                Albania are already named, whereas these
                                                                                are undifferentiated Illyrians since no
                                                                                tribal names given.

900 342 -1000 -500  A Illyrians       Y {Epirus (NW GR, S of Albania)}      L
                                        *{163-2}*
                                                                                For consistency with (163-2). These are
                                                                                Illyrians in a wider sense.

900 343 -1000 -800  A Illyrians       Y {W Macedonia} *{23-5}*              L
                                                                                For consistency with (23-5).

900 147 -1000 #     A Ionians         H Cyclades, Samos & coasts of         S
                                        Ephesos and Milet less Melos,
                                        Thera.
                                                                                Acc/to (22-12), (162-8). From Peloponnese
                                                                                and Saronic Gulf.

900 994 -1000 1970  A Irish           K Ireland                             L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-987). End
                                                                                date, still although now largely English
                                                                                speaking.

201  18 -1000 #     A Karelians       F Karelia, also S of L Ladoga         M
                                                                                From the Volga area. See fig 2 in ref 201.
                                                                                (Date is correct. Can coexist with
                                                                                Karelian culture.)

900 123 -1000 1540  A Karelians       F Karelia, + W shore L Ladoga (map    L
                                        1, ref 202). + N SU, betw Gulf of
                                        Finland & White Sea.
                                                                                Acc/to (202-11), (328-17), (201-18).

 26   7 -1000 -800  A Lepontii        U W of Ticino R, N I (see map p. 359) L
                                                                                Intermixed Ligurian & Indo-European.
                                                                                Mentioned again much later (355-9) but at
                                                                                location further north. Could they have
                                                                                produced the Golasecca culture (388-21)?

164   1 -1000 -900  A Ligurians       L Piemonte, Aosta, Liguria Lombardia  L
                                        ending at the Ticino R, in S up to
                                        Magra R entering the Tyrrhenian
                                        Sea. See map 1.

363   1 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G NE Estonia, N of Kasari R           S
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   2 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G Hiumma & Saaremad, & W coast Muhu,  S
                                        off the W coast Estonia in Baltic
                                        Sea.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   3 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G C Latvia, betw Gulf of Riga, Roja,  S
                                        & Daugava R; Kurzeme region.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   4 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G Area betw Daugava & Gauja RR & E    S
                                        to around Issa R; Vidzeme region.
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

363   5 -1000 -750  N N. Germanics    G Latgale area, N of Dvina R          S
                                                                                From area N from Elbe R area around
                                                                                Luebeck & Hamburg, D & into DK. +
                                                                                Lower Weser R in W to lower Oder R in E,
                                                                                in S up to a line from Bremen to S
                                                                                Mecklenburg boundary. + S & C S, SW & W
                                                                                SF. *{900-461}*

 22   6 -1000 #     A NW. Greeks      H Boeotia, Thessaly Achaia, parts of  M
                                        Elis, Aetolia, Phokis.
                                                                                From C Albania, C Epirus. *{47-16}*

900 143 -1000 -700  N NW. Greeks      H {Boeotia, Thessaly Achaia, parts    L
                                        of Elis, Aetolia, Phokis.} *{22-6}*
                                                                                Following (22-6). Did not leave at 700 BC,
                                                                                but were incorporated into the general
                                                                                Greek population.

165  64 -1000 -300  A Pelagones       U Pelagonia(Prilepec in Macedonia)    L
                                                                                Start date: guess (ref says very old
                                                                                tribe). End date: to conform to (165-65).

 25   3 -1000 -900  A Phoenicians     E Melita (Malta) also other cities    S
                                        in N. Africa: Hippo Diarrhytos
                                        (Bizerte), Hippo Regius (nr Annaba
                                        or Bone, Algeria), Hadrumetum
                                        (Susa, Sousse).
                                                                                From Phoenicia. Encyclopedia Brittanica
                                                                                mentions them only between 8th and 6th c
                                                                                BC.

228   2 -1000 #     A Phoenicians     E S & E Iberia, Ancient Tartessus     S
                                        (area of Lower Guadalquivir R).
                                                                                From Phoenicia.

900 933 -1000 -600  A Phoenicians     E {S & E Iberia, Ancient Tartessus    L
                                        (area of Lower Guadalquivir R).}
                                        *{228-2}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (228-2). End
                                                                                date: Carthaginian immigration (53-2).
                                                                                Population called Carthaginian hereafter.

900 936 -1000 -814  A Phoenicians     E Utica, also other cities in N.      L
                                        Africa: Hippo Diarrhytos
                                        (Bizerte), Hippo Regius (nr Annaba
                                        or Bone, Algeria), Hadrumetum
                                        (Susa, Sousse).
                                                                                For consistency with (25-3) and (25-2).
                                                                                These Phoenicians become Carthaginians
                                                                                hereafter.

 26  18 -1000 -500  A Picentes        U EC I (E of Tiber R & N of Perugia   L
                                        acc/to (320-6)), map p. 359
                                                                                Syn. Picenians. End date acc/to (320-6). A
                                                                                local group dating from Iron Age, acc/to
                                                                                (320-6). Probably pre-IE.

164   7 -1000 -238  A Sardi           I Sardinia                            L
                                                                                End date establishment of RP Sardinia
                                                                                (ultra conservative).

 26  14 -1000 -500  A Sicani          U W Sicily (except for province of    L
                                        Trapani), map p. 359
                                                                                End date acc/to (320-17). Probably pre-IE
                                                                                people.

169  11 -1000 -1    A Tavasts         F SF                                  L

164   4 -1000 -800  A Umbri-Sabelli   I C & S I exc Apulia (See Map 1)      L
                                                                                Spelled Ombri in ref. They split up into
                                                                                Umbri and Sabelli by 800 BC, which gives
                                                                                rise to end date.

900 331 -1000 -200  A Veneti          U NE continental I, from Adige R to   L
                                        Gail R toward Karawanken
                                        (Karavanche) Mts. See map 1 in ref
                                        164.
                                                                                Acc/to (164-3), (26-8). End date acc/to
                                                                                (139-10). May be Illyrian speakers, but
                                                                                could be Keltic speakers.


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