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REF REC START   END  GENS            L          LOCATION                  A          COMMENTS

130  12  1402 1404  N Mongols         M AM (all the way to Izmir.)          A
                                                                                Timur's army coming from Persia.

900 726  1404 1514  N Poles           S Smolensk area (cf. Muir's           C
                                        Historical Atlas, p. 56)
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Dates from
                                                                                Putzger, p. 67. During union of Lithuania
                                                                                & PL.

232  74  1406 #     N Moors           E Murcia                              A
                                                                                From Granada.

340  17  1410 #     N Poles           S Tannenberg, E Prussia               C
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Prussia then
                                                                                entered period of Decline, culminating
                                                                                under the peace of Torun in 1466, wherein
                                                                                Pomerelia & Danzig passed under Polish
                                                                                rule (see (900-725)).

900 729  1410 1970  N Poles           S {Tannenberg, E Prussia}*{340-17}*   L
                                                                                Start date acc/to (340-17). End date: some
                                                                                Poles stayed in E Prussia until modern
                                                                                time. After WWII heavily Polish.

338  15  1413 1451  N Turks           T Coastal GR (except for              C
                                        Peloponnese), coastal Albania E to
                                        Elbasan, E across into S YU, & NE
                                        to Nis, YU. (See map 1, p.139,
                                        Times Atlas.)
                                                                                From Gallipoli, Philippople (Plovdiv, BG),
                                                                                Adrianople (Edirne, TR). *{149-44}*
                                                                                Conquests & reconquests under Mehemmed I,
                                                                                1413-1421, & Murad II, 1421-1451.

900 442  1413 1912  N Turks           T Albania                             L
                                                                                Area became independent (Ploetz).

900 443  1413 1830  N Turks           T Coastal Greece                      L
                                                                                Area became independent (Ploetz).

149  50  1419 1421  N Venetians       I Coastal Dalmatia                    S
                                                                                From Venice.

149  46  1423 1430  N Venetians       I Thessaloniki, GR                    N
                                                                                Lost it to Turks.

 38  28  1425 #     A Lithuanians     B Donets & Oka R basins               C
                                                                                From Lithuania.

900 135  1425 1569  A Lithuanians     B {Donets & Oka R basins} *{38-28}*   L
                                                                                Acc/to (38-28). Occupied but did not
                                                                                settle area. Ceded it to Poland in 1569.

232  76  1442 #     N Spaniards       I Kingdom of Naples (see Putzger,     C
                                        map p. 59)
                                                                                From Aragon (see (900-50)). (See pg.178,
                                                                                ref232.)

169  73  1447 1672  N Poles           S Podolia (Middle course Juzny Bug    C
                                        R, see Times Atlas of World
                                        History, p.141).
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Start date found
                                                                                in Ploetz, p.582; end date in Ploetz,
                                                                                p.713. Lost it to Ottomans.

114   3  1450 1800  A Saxons          G Macedonia & Serbia                  I
                                                                                BG in original record, but dealt with by
                                                                                (114-9). Macedonia included because of
                                                                                (114-18). By Slavs.

213  17  1450 1970  N Tatars          T Tatar ASSR & scattered in SU (Area  L
                                        outlined on map, p.56 of ref 229.)
                                                                                5000-10000K people. The population figures
                                                                                from this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than 212) have been updated from
                                                                                1970 census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica. (See also
                                                                                information in record (229-1).)

130  16  1453 #     N Turks           T Constantinople                      C
                                                                                From Gallipoli, Philippople (Plovdiv, BG),
                                                                                Adrianople (Edirne, TR). *{149-44}*

900 436  1453 #     N Turks           T Peloponnese (syn. Morea)            C
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica 15th ed.
                                                                                (Greece p.380). From European Turkey.

900 430  1453 1970  N Turks           T {Constantinople} *{130-16}*         L
                                                                                For consistency with (130-16).

900 437  1453 1699  N Turks           T {Peloponnese (syn. Morea)} *{900-   L
                                        436}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica 15th ed.
                                                                                (Greece p.380).

338  27  1455 #     A Turks           T E Carpathian Mts to Crimea (Bogdan  C
                                        = Moldavia).
                                                                                From area between Carpathian Mts & E coast
                                                                                R (Wallachia). *{338-26}* The Khanate of
                                                                                Crimea became a vassal state to Ottoman
                                                                                empire in 1575. No mention of extent of
                                                                                Turkish presence.

900 452  1455 1829  N Turks           T Moldavia                            L
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz p.828.

338  18  1456 #     N Turks           T Belgrade, YU                        A
                                                                                From Serbia (not including Belgrade).
                                                                                *{338-10}* Under Mehemmed II, but failed
                                                                                to take the city in this Western campaign.

149  51  1463 1501  N Turks           T Coastal Dalmatia, Negroponte        C
                                        (Euboia), Kaffa and other places
                                        around Straights of Kerc (Crimea),
                                        Scutari (Shkoder, Alb.)
                                                                                Naval conquests from European Turkey.
                                                                                Taken from Venetians and Genoese (Kaffa).

338  17  1463 1480  A Turks           T Bosnia, Herzegovina                 C
                                                                                From Serbia. Under Mehemmed II, absorbed
                                                                                this area back under Ottoman rule.

900 453  1463 1783  N Turks           T Crimea                              L
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz, p.692. Annexed by Russia.

900 454  1463 1830  N Turks           T Euboia                              L
                                                                                Greek independence (Ploetz).

900 455  1463 1699  N Turks           T Coastal Dalmatia                    L
                                                                                Acc/to Columbia History of the World p.612.

900 456  1463 1878  N Turks           T Bosnia-Herzegovina                  L
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger p.97, map I. Occupied by
                                                                                Austria-Hungary.

900 725  1466 #     N Poles           S Pomerelia (see ref 340),            C
                                        Danzig(Gdansk)
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Acc/to comment in
                                                                                (340-17).

900 730  1466 1970  N Poles           S {Pomerelia (see ref 340),           L
                                        Danzig(Gdansk)} *{900-725}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-725). End
                                                                                date: some Poles stayed in Pomerelia &
                                                                                Danzig until modern time. After WWII
                                                                                heavily Polish.

341   5  1472 1503  A Russians        S Novgorod Territories plus SW area   E
                                        in color 2 on Map ref 341
                                                                                From Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.). *{900-780}*

900 781  1472 1970  N Russians        S {Novgorod Territories plus SW area  L
                                        in color 2 on Map ref 341} *{341-
                                        5}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-5). End
                                                                                date: still present.

130  18  1474 #     N Turks           T Cilicia                             C
                                                                                From AM (minus Cilicia). *{130-8}*

900 431  1474 1970  N Turks           T {Cilicia} *{130-18}*                L
                                                                                For consistency with (130-18).

338  22  1484 #     N Turks           T Kilija (Danube delta), S SU &       C
                                        Akkerman, around present day
                                        Belgorod Dnestrovskij, on Dnestr &
                                        Black Sea.
                                                                                From Moldavia. Along the land route from
                                                                                Constantinople to the Crimea.

900 457  1484 1829  N Turks           T {Kilija (Danube delta), S SU &      L
                                        Akkerman, around present day
                                        Belgorod Dnestrovskij, on Dnestr &
                                        Black Sea.} *{338-22}*
                                                                                Acc/to Ploetz, p.1081. Taken over by
                                                                                Russians.

149  52  1489 #     N Venetians       I Cyprus                              S
                                                                                From Venice.

901  75  1489 1571  N Venetians       I {Cyprus} *{149-52}*                 L
                                                                                Dates acc/to (149-52).

 53  98  1492 #     N Jews            E N Africa                            Q
                                                                                From E (expulsion from E). They also went
                                                                                to NL (900-908), Balkans (900-869) and TR
                                                                                (900-807). Altogether 150K people were
                                                                                involved plus many of the 'conversos'
                                                                                (forcefully baptized Jews) of whom there
                                                                                were 250K.

900 807  1492 1500  A Jews            E {Bosporus (900-804)} + Smyrna (For  Q
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        30, 47 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Iberia (expulsion). Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 47.

900 831  1492 1550  A Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       Q
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace + W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace} *{900-830}*
                                        (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 25, 29, 30, 40 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Iberia. Start date: expulsion from
                                                                                Spain. End date approximate. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 47.

900 853  1492 1497  A Jews            E {Mainland I (For detailed           Q
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World)} *{900-850}*
                                                                                From E and P. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 46.
                                                                                (See also ref 323.)

900 877  1492 1600  A Jews            E Several cities in S F (For          S
                                        detailed locations see map p. 47
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From E. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

323  26  1492 1700  N Jews            E E                                   I
                                                                                By Spaniards. End date quite arbitrary.
                                                                                Those who converted to Catholicism. Ref
                                                                                (53-99) says there were 50K such plus part
                                                                                of earlier 250K 'conversos.'

900 878  1492 1800  A Jews            E SW F & SE F (For detailed           L
                                        locations see map p. 57 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with part of (900-877).
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 57.

900 919  1495 #     N Jews            E Lithuania(n Empire) (For detailed   T
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia, Lithuania -
                                                                                Lithuania(n Empire) *{900-918}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 45.

900 918  1495 1503  N Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania} -{Lithuania(n Empire)}
                                        *{900-895} - {900-919}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        50, 44 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-917). End
                                                                                date: end of exclusion from Lithuanian
                                                                                Empire. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 45.

202  20  1496 #     N Russians        S Karelia, Savo, Tavastia, SF (see    A
                                        Map 2, p. 23)
                                                                                From Russia.

323  23  1497 1700  A Jews            E P                                   I
                                                                                End date quite arbitrary. By Portugese.
                                                                                They were 'expelled' totally from the
                                                                                Portugese Realm except for those forcibly
                                                                                converted to Catholicism, many of whom
                                                                                escaped later.

114   2  1500 1800  A Aromuni         I YU + BG                             I
                                                                                Start date acc/to (114-16); end date
                                                                                acc/to (114-2). Presumably not all
                                                                                assimilated since some small populations
                                                                                survive. (Syn. Tzintzars). By Slavs.

114  20  1500 1600  A Bulgarians      S Macedonia (YU, GR)                  I
                                                                                By Macedonian Slavs.

901 130  1500 1700  A English         G E, S, and C Ireland                 Q
                                                                                from England. soldiers and farmers. acc/to
                                                                                E.

901 142  1500 1700  A English         G Ireland except for Ulster           L
                                                                                start date tct 901-130, end date is
                                                                                independence of Ireland

170  26  1500 1700  A Finns           F Dalarne, Vaermland, and E N.        S
                                                                                13K people. From Finland.

211  37  1500 1600  N Germans         G W Ukraine                           S
                                                                                From D?

900 862  1500 1800  A Jews            E Rest of Balkans S of Sava and       E
                                        Danube RR (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From S YU coast & BG (For detailed
                                                                                locations see map p. 40 in Atlas of Jewish
                                                                                World). *{900-861}* Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 899  1500 1800  A Jews            E N A, Schleswig, Holstein (For       E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 57
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Much of D & A & CH - A, Silesia &
                                                                                Saxony + E of Elbe R & up to Oder R *{900-
                                                                                898}* Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 869  1500 1600  A Jews            E YU coast & BG (For detailed         Q
                                        locations see map p. 47 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Iberia. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

900 908  1500 1700  A Jews            E Antwerp (B), London, Bristol (UK)   Q
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        47 in Atlas of Jewish World),
                                        Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague,
                                        Maarsen (NL), Dublin (EI)
                                                                                From E & P. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47. Sephardic
                                                                                Jews.

900 854  1500 1800  A Jews            E S I (For detailed locations see     T
                                        map p. 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                To C & N I (For detailed locations see
                                                                                maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World).
                                                                                *{900-855}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 855  1500 1880  A Jews            E C & N I (For detailed locations     L
                                        see maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-854) and (900-
                                                                                856). Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 863  1500 1800  A Jews            E {S YU coast & BG} + {Rest of        L
                                        Balkans S of Sava and Danube RR}
                                        *{900-860} + {900-862}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 57 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-862) and (900-
                                                                                864).

900 900  1500 1800  A Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  L
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R} + {N A, Schleswig, Holstein}
                                        *{900-898} + {900-899}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 44, 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-899) and (900-
                                                                                902). Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 57.

900 909  1500 1650  A Jews            E {Antwerp (B), London, Bristol (UK)  L
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        47 in Atlas of Jewish World),
                                        Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague,
                                        Maarsen (NL), Dublin (EI)} *{900-
                                        908}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-908) and (900-
                                                                                910).

169  26  1500 #     A Komi-Permyaks   F {Between Upper Kama R & Ural mts,   T
                                        including Perm.}  -
                                        {Nat'l area of Komi-Permyaks (Komi-     To Nat'l area of Komi-Permyaks (Komi-
                                        Permyatsky nationalny okrug) plus       Permyatsky nationalny okrug) plus Perm
                                        Perm area SU} *{900-792} - {169-        area SU *{169-27}* Date implied by (169-
                                        27}*                                    29). These descended from the Komi in loc.
                                                                                (900-792). Syn Permyaks.

169  27  1500 1970  N Komi-Permyaks   F Nat'l area of Komi-Permyaks (Komi-  L
                                        Permyatsky nationalny okrug) plus
                                        Perm area SU
                                                                                Start date to conform to (169-26). These
                                                                                descended from the Komi in loc. (900-792).
                                                                                Syn Permyaks. 100-300K people. The
                                                                                population figures from this book (213-14,
                                                                                a generally more detailed reference than
                                                                                212) have been updated from 1970
                                                                                census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica. Part of Komi
                                                                                group.

900 793  1500 #     A Komi-Zyryans    F Area of Komi ASSR SU                MB
                                                                                From between Upper Kama R & Ural mts,
                                                                                incl. Perm. *{900-792}* Implied by (169-
                                                                                29), which also furnishes date. These
                                                                                descended from the Komi in loc. (900-792).
                                                                                Syn. Zyryans, Syrjenians.

900 794  1500 1970  A Komi-Zyryans    F {Area of Komi ASSR SU} *{900-793}*  L
                                                                                Acc/to (169-28), (169-29). These descended
                                                                                from the Komi in loc. (900-792). Syn.
                                                                                Zyryans, Syrjenians.

900 773  1500 1970  N Musulmani       S Macedonia & Bosnia YU               L
                                                                                Originated from conversion of Bogumiles to
                                                                                Islam. Some Turkish admixture. Also
                                                                                slavicized Vlach-Romani ethnos converted
                                                                                to Islam. Possibly some Gothic elements as
                                                                                well. Sources (51-145), (114-4), and (114-
                                                                                23). End date: still present.

 51 144  1500 1700  A Serbs           S Montenegro                          Q
                                                                                From Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,
                                                                                Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje, Duklje,
                                                                                Srbica (last 2 in Aegean Macedonia, rest
                                                                                in YU) + Morava R + Macedonia + Albania
                                                                                (excluding Durazzo), Epirus, Macedonia
                                                                                (excluding Thessaloniki), C GR, Morava-
                                                                                Vardar
                                                                                line with Belgrade in N - Serbia, Bosnia,
                                                                                Neretva area, Zahumlje, Travunija,
                                                                                Konavlje, Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                                                                Macedonia, rest in YU) + Morava R +
                                                                                Macedonia + YU: N of Danube & S H. *{900-
                                                                                699}* 'Massive settlement' (massive
                                                                                probably
                                                                                with respect to Montenegrin population).

900 700  1500 #     A Serbs           S {Macedonia (YU)} *{114-19}*         T
                                                                                For consistency with (900-699) and (114-
                                                                                19). To Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,
                                                                                Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje, Duklje,
                                                                                Srbica (last 2 in Aegean Macedonia, rest
                                                                                in YU). + Morava R + Macedonia + Albania
                                                                                (excluding Durazzo), Epirus, Macedonia
                                                                                (excluding Thessaloniki), C GR, Morava-
                                                                                Vardar line with Belgrade in N. - Serbia,
                                                                                Bosnia, Neretva area, Zahumlje, Travunija,
                                                                                Konavlje, Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                                                                Macedonia, rest in YU). + Morava R +
                                                                                Macedonia + YU: N of Danube &
                                                                                S H. - Macedonia (YU). *{900-701}*

114  19  1500 1600  A Serbs           S Macedonia (YU)                      I
                                                                                By Macedonian Slavs.

900 701  1500 1690  A Serbs           S {Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,      L
                                        Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje,
                                        Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                        Macedonia, rest in YU). + Morava R
                                        + Macedonia + [Albania (excluding
                                        Durazzo), Epirus, Macedonia
                                        (excluding Thessaloniki), C GR,
                                        Morava-Vardar
                                        line with Belgrade in N. - Serbia,      For consistency with (900-700) & (149-58).
                                        Bosnia, Neretva area, Zahumlje,
                                        Travunija, Konavlje, Duklje,
                                        Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                        Macedonia, rest in YU). - Morava
                                        R - Macedonia] + YU: N of Danube &
                                        S H} - {Macedonia (YU)} *{900-
                                        699} - {900-700}*

900 703  1500 1970  A Serbs           S {Montenegro} *{51-144}*             L
                                                                                These are the Montenegrins. See also (114-
                                                                                46). Dates: for consistency with (51-144)
                                                                                & still present as Montenegrins.

900 131  1500 1970  A Vepses          F Triangle between S ends of LL       L
                                        Onega & Ladoga and city of Vologda.
                                                                                Acc/to (213-21), (169-13). 15 to 16K
                                                                                acc/to 1970 census figures.

900 920  1503 #     N Jews            E {Lithuania(n Empire) (For detailed  E
                                        locations see map p. 44 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World)} *{900-919}*
                                                                                From PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,
                                                                                Lithuania - Lithuania(n Empire) *{900-
                                                                                918}* Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas
                                                                                of the Jewish World p. 45.

901 125  1503 1800  A Jews            E Moldavia, Wallachia, Hungary,       Q
                                        (except for Budapest area),
                                        Slovakia, Bohemia, and Moravia
                                        [area colored yellow on map p. 44
                                        in Lange: Atlas of the Jewish
                                        World].
                                                                                From PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,
                                                                                Lithuania. (For detailed locations see map
                                                                                p. 50 in Atlas of the Jewish World.) *{900-
                                                                                917}* Move inferred from maps on pages 44
                                                                                and 50 in Lange: the Jewish World.

900 921  1503 1800  A Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 50 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} + {Moldavia, Wallachia,
                                        Hungary, (except for Budapest
                                        area), Slovakia, Bohemia, and
                                        Moravia [area colored yellow on
                                        map p. 44 in
                                        Lange: Atlas of the Jewish              For consistency with (900-920), (900-922)
                                        World].} *{900-895} + {901-125}*        and (901-125).

 50   7  1512 #     A Crimean Tatars  T Muscovy                             A
                                                                                From Crimea. Took slaves, hence there must
                                                                                have been gene flow to Crimea. (See (50-
                                                                                10)). *((50-10) is coded as Russian (S)
                                                                                record.)*

342  18  1520 1566  A Turks           T Transylvania                        C
                                                                                From Wallachia & reduced area to vassal
                                                                                status.

900 434  1520 1699  A Turks           T {Transylvania} *{342-18}*           L
                                                                                For consistency with (342-18). End date
                                                                                from Ploetz & Putzger. Area became
                                                                                Austrian.

232  79  1521 #     N French          I Navarre (ancient kingdom of E)      A
                                                                                From F.

341   3  1521 1556  N Russians        S Khanate of Kazan: area along Ural   E
                                        Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N
                                        Donets R, SU (area in color 3 on
                                        map in ref 341)
                                                                                From Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU.  (See map, ref 341.). *{341-2}*
                                                                                Chuvash were located in Khanate of Kazan,
                                                                                as were Udmurts, Mari, & Bashkiris.  This
                                                                                victory opened the
                                                                                way to advance across Urals.  Many towns
                                                                                in this zone began existence as frontier
                                                                                outposts at this time;  including Orel,
                                                                                Kursk, Voronezh.  Total Popn. for E SU or
                                                                                Muscovy is estimated at 10 million in
                                                                                1600, swollen by territorial acquisition &
                                                                                prolific
                                                                                natural increase.

900 782  1521 1970  N Russians        S {Khanate of Kazan: area along Ural  L
                                        Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N
                                        Donets R, SU (area in color 3 on
                                        map in ref 341)} *{341-3}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-3). End
                                                                                date: still present.

342   6  1521 #     N Turks           T Belgrade, YU                        C
                                                                                From Serbia.

900 447  1521 1817  N Turks           T Belgrade                            L
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger p.97, map I.

342  10  1522 #     N Turks           T Rhodes                              C
                                                                                From AM.

900 458  1522 1912  N Turks           T {Rhodes} *{342-10}*                 L
                                                                                Acc/to Putzger p.97, map II.

130  22  1526 #     N Turks           T H (includes Slavonija in N YU)      C
                                                                                From Serbia. Slavonija included acc/to
                                                                                Putger.

900 433  1526 1699  N Turks           T {H (includes Slavonija in N YU)}    L
                                        *{130-22}*
                                                                                For consistency with (130-22). End date
                                                                                from Ploetz & several other sources.
                                                                                Conquered by Hapsburgs.

342   5  1529 #     N Turks           T Vienna, A                           A
                                                                                From H. Ottoman siege.

342   9  1532 #     N Turks           T Guens (Koezeg), (H border w/A)      A
                                                                                From H. Ottoman siege.

342   8  1537 #     N Turks           T Corfu (W coast GR)                  N
                                                                                From European Turkey. Ottoman siege.

342  13  1537 #     N Turks           T Otranto, SE I ('heel')              N
                                                                                From European Turkey. Ottoman campaign.

342  17  1538 #     N Turks           T Moldavia, via Adrianople, BG        A
                                        Silistria, R & Jassy, Moldavia.
                                                                                From European Turkey.

342  20  1538 #     N Turks           T Bender, just N of Black Sea S SU    C
                                                                                From Wallachia.

204   5  1540 1580  N Karelians       F Interior of SF whole of SF with     E
                                        exception of Lapland and most
                                        barren lands along the watersheds.
                                                                                From Savo.

900 124  1540 1617  N Karelians       F {Karelia, + W shore L Ladoga (map   L
                                        1, ref 202). + N SU, betw Gulf of
                                        Finland & White Sea.} + {Interior
                                        of SF whole of SF with exception
                                        of Lapland and most barren lands
                                        along the watersheds.} *{900-123}
                                        + {204-5}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-123) and (204-5).

342  12  1543 #     N Turks           T Reggio, SW I ('toe')                N
                                                                                From European Turkey. Ottoman siege.

126   7  1550 1750  A Africans        O P                                   M
                                                                                From W & E African colonies.

901 131  1550 1560  A Scoti           K County Antrim, Ireland              Q
                                                                                from Scotland, acc/to E

901 138  1550 1970  A Scoti           K Ulster, N Ireland                   L
                                                                                start date tct 901-131; end date still
                                                                                there. English-speaking today.

900 369  1550 1970  A Tatars          S {Byelorussia: Hrodno, Minsk, Troki  L
                                        (modern Trakai), Vilna; PL:
                                        Bialystok.} *{229-12}*
                                                                                Slavicized, but still Islamic. Major
                                                                                emigrations to Ottoman lands in 17th &
                                                                                18th centuries (acc/to ref 229, p.86).

900 380  1550 1750  A Volga Bulgars   T {Middle Volga R (around Kama R      I
                                        mouth).} *{31-28}*
                                                                                Estimated time of assimilation by Slavs
                                                                                (Russians?). Assimilation took place
                                                                                according to Encyclopaedia Britannica.

901  77  1553 1559  N French          I Corsica                             
                                                                                From F. Occupied Is during this span.
                                                                                Displaced again by Genoese (acc/to E).

341   6  1560 1700  A Ukrainians      S Forest-steppe zone (see wooded      Q
                                        steppe, ref 328)
                                                                                From PL.

342  14  1565 #     N Turks           T Malta                               N
                                                                                From N Africa. Ottoman siege.

 50  11  1569 #     N Turks           T Pontic area (N of Black Sea) up to  A
                                        Astrakhan.
                                                                                From Crimea. 30K strong.

341   4  1571 #     N Crimean Tatars  T Moscow                              A
                                                                                From Crimea. Sacked city.

149  54  1571 #     N Turks           T Cyprus                              C
                                                                                From AM.

900 432  1571 1878  N Turks           T {Cyprus} *{149-54}*                 L
                                                                                For consistency with (149-54). Turkish
                                                                                Cypriots remained after end of Turkish
                                                                                occupation in 1878. Britain occupied the
                                                                                island at that time.

901 132  1580 #     N Italians        I County Kerry, Ireland               
                                                                                from Italy. with Spanish, intervention in
                                                                                support of Catholic rebels against
                                                                                English. massacred by English. acc/to E.

901 133  1580 #     N Spaniards       I County Kerry, Ireland               
                                                                                from Spain. with Italians. intervention in
                                                                                support of Catholic rebels against
                                                                                English. massacred by English. acc/to E.

 50  18  1600 1700  A Albanians       Y Constantinople                      Q
                                                                                From Albania. 'Large numbers' to serve as
                                                                                trusted assistants to the Turkish.
                                                                                Reference does not distinguish between
                                                                                Ghegs and Tosks.

149  57  1600 #     N Albanians       Y Cosenza, I                          Q
                                                                                Date is guess. Need to check in other
                                                                                refs. Try La Grotta et al 1965 Arch.
                                                                                Antrop. Etnol. 95: 111-126. Reference does
                                                                                not distinguish between Ghegs and Tosks.

900  15  1600 1800  A Albanians       Y {Old Serbia} *{175-9}*              Q
                                                                                Dates & part of location acc/to (175-9).
                                                                                From Albania. Reference does not
                                                                                distinguish between Ghegs and Tosks.

900 663  1600 1924  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (114-20). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date acc/to (347-26), (347-31), (347-32),
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw          & (347-38). (May need adjustment for areas
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of      other than Macedonia where Bulgarians were
                                        Tisza R + N Albania, Macedonia & W      assimilated.)
                                        Thrace. } - {Macedonia, (YU, GR)}
                                        *{900-662} - {114-20}*

901 136  1600 1625  A English         G Ulster, N Ireland                   Q
                                                                                from England. acc/to E

901 139  1600 1970  A English         G Ulster, N Ireland                   L
                                                                                start date tct 901-136; end date still
                                                                                there.

900 424  1600 1800  A Gagauz          T BG                                  L
                                                                                Origins in dispute. Three theories: (1)
                                                                                Migration of Seldjuks from AM. Acc/to ref
                                                                                (236-24), (236-25) citing Wittek. (2)
                                                                                Descendants of Cumans who came to the
                                                                                Balkans. Acc/to ref 229 and (123-31). (3)
                                                                                Turkicized Bulgarians who retained
                                                                                their orthodox religion. Acc/to ref 229.

175  10  1600 1800  N Greeks          H YU                                  Q
                                                                                They settled in cities. Not clear whether
                                                                                in all provinces or only in Old Serbia &
                                                                                Macedonia. From Greece.

213   7  1600 1970  A Gypsies         O Moldavia, Ukraine                   L
                                                                                Start date: arbitrary, unknown. 100-300K
                                                                                people. The population figures from this
                                                                                book (a generally more detailed reference
                                                                                than 212) have been updated from 1970
                                                                                census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica. Scattered.

900 924  1600 1700  A Jews            E Copenhagen, DK                      S
                                                                                Not stated from where but they were
                                                                                Sephardic. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

900 925  1600 1970  A Jews            E {Copenhagen, DK} *{900-924}*        L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-924). End
                                                                                date: still there. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                                                                DK: 1930, 6K; 1980, 7K.

169  41  1600 #     A Kalmyks         N W Turkestan                         M
                                                                                From W Mongolia via Tibet.

900 357  1600 1700  A Kalmyks         N {W Turkestan} *{169-41}*            L
                                                                                For consistency with (169-41) and (169-40).

901 135  1600 1625  A Scoti           K Ulster, N Ireland                   Q
                                                                                from Scotland, primarily the Lowlands,
                                                                                acc/to E. 200,000 migrants acc/to The
                                                                                Story of English p152

229  13  1600 1800  A Tatars          S Ottoman Empire                      Q
                                                                                Many left from Byelorussia (Hrodno, Minsk,
                                                                                Troki (modern Trakai), Vilna) & PL
                                                                                (Bialystok) because of persecutions. *{900-
                                                                                369}*

170  25  1600 1650  A Walloons        I S: Uppland, Oestergoetland          Q
                                        Vaestmanland, Vaermland.
                                                                                From B. Several K people.

901  65  1600 1700  N Walloons        I {S: Uppland, Oestergoetland         I
                                        Vaestmanland,Vaermland} *{170-25}*
                                                                                Rapidly assimilated by Swedes.

202  22  1601 #     N Finns           F Livonia                             A
                                                                                From SF.

901 134  1601 #     N Spaniards       I Kinsale, Ireland                    
                                                                                from Spain. intervention in support of
                                                                                Catholic rebels against English. massacred
                                                                                by English. acc/to E.

204   6  1617 #     N Karelians       F Novgorod and Tver (now Kalinin,SU). S
                                                                                From Kaekisalmi-Carelia & Ingria. Whole
                                                                                villages, even whole parishes of Greek-
                                                                                Orthodox faith.

204   7  1617 #     N Karelians       F Kaekisalmi-Carelia                  S
                                                                                From Savo (Lutherans).

900 125  1617 1970  N Karelians       F {Karelia, + W shore L Ladoga (map   L
                                        1, ref 202). + N SU, betw Gulf of
                                        Finland & White Sea. + Interior of
                                        SF whole of SF with exception of
                                        Lapland and most barren lands
                                        along the watersheds.} + {Novgorod
                                        and Tver (now Kalinin,SU).} *{900-
                                        124}
                                        + {204-6}*                              For consistency with (900-124) and (204-
                                                                                6). For population figures, see (212-13),
                                                                                (213-19), (169-8).

900 644  1617 1648  N Swedes          G Estonia & Latvia                    C
                                                                                From S. Replacing (50-14) & (202-21).
                                                                                Details of place and date acc/to
                                                                                Barraclough: Times Atlas p. 188.

210  13  1618 1662  A Latgallians     B Polotsk & Disna R, Neve R district  I
                                        of Zemgale (Latvia).
                                                                                By Russians. Probably syn. with
                                                                                Lettigallians.

900 727  1618 1667  N Poles           S {Smolensk area (cf. Muir's          C
                                        Historical Atlas, p. 56)} *{900-
                                        726}*
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Dates from
                                                                                Putzger, p. 79.

343   1  1618 1621  N Spaniards       I Bohemia & Moravia                   A
                                                                                From E. Spanish troops sent to aid Emperor
                                                                                Ferdinand II & German Catholics against
                                                                                Bohemian protestants.

900 645  1631 1632  N Swedes          G D (specifically Breitenfeld,        
                                        Frankfurt-am-Main,Munich,
                                        Luetzen,in both FRG and GDR)
                                                                                From S. Swedish army in Protestant-
                                                                                Catholic wars (30 years war). Acc/to (343-
                                                                                4), (343-5), (343-6).

343   7  1634 1634  N Spaniards       I W D & Low Countries                 A
                                                                                Spanish army, sent to aid Emperor
                                                                                Ferdinand.

901 137  1641 #     A Irish           K Ulster, N Ireland                   
                                                                                from Ireland. major uprising resulting in
                                                                                death or emigration of many English and
                                                                                Scottish colonists. acc/to E.

900 787  1645 1735  A Russians        S Kiev-Pereyslavsl-Poltava area; Don  C
                                        Cossack-Kalmyk area; Guryev-
                                        Orenburg-Yekaterinburg area, SU in
                                        color 4 on map in ref 341
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref
                                                                                341)}. *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-782}*

900 788  1645 1970  A Russians        S {Kiev-Pereyslavsl-Poltava area;     L
                                        Don Cossack-Kalmyk area; Guryev-
                                        Orenburg-Yekaterinburg area, SU in
                                        color 4 on map in ref 341} *{900-
                                        787}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-787). End
                                                                                date: still present.

 50  17  1645 1669  N Turks           T Crete                               C
                                                                                From AM. Took it from the Venetians.

900 459  1645 1898  N Turks           T {Crete} *{50-17}*                   L
                                                                                Became autonomous. (Putzger, p.97, map II)

179  32  1650 #     A French          I Electorate Brandenburg (Putzger p.  Q
                                        75)
                                                                                From F. 200 K Huguenots.

901  66  1650 1750  A French          I {Electorate Brandenburg (Putzger    I
                                        p. 75)} *{179-32}*
                                                                                Acc/to (179-32). 200 K Huguenots.

900 881  1650 1800  A Jews            E Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg (For      Q
                                        detailed locations see map p. 50
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Little Poland, Galicia & Volhynia.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50.

900 901  1650 1800  A Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  Q
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R + N A, Schleswig, Holstein (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 44, 57 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)} *{900-900}*
                                                                                From Little Poland, Galicia & Volhynia.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50. Refugees from Cossacks.

900 910  1650 1800  A Jews            E England (but not Wales), S          Q
                                        Scotland, Low Countries, & E EI
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        57 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Little Poland, Galicia & Volhynia.
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 50. Refugees from Cossacks.

900 882  1650 1800  A Jews            E {Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg (For     L
                                        detailed locations see map p. 50
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-
                                        881}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-881) and (900-
                                                                                883).

900 911  1650 1970  N Jews            E {England (but not Wales), S         L
                                        Scotland, Low Countries, & E EI
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        57 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}
                                        *{900-910}*
                                                                                To conform to (900-910). End date: still
                                                                                there. NL: 1930, 157K; 1980, 27K. B: 1930,
                                                                                45K; 1980, 33K. UK: 1930, 300K; 1980,
                                                                                350K. EI: 1930, 3.7K; 1980, 2K. Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 167.

179  28  1650 1700  A Palatines       G Lower Rhine, Brandenburg            Q
                                        Pommerania.
                                                                                From the Palatinate (Pfalz).

179  27  1650 1700  A Swiss           G Palatinate, Saar, Black Forest,     Q
                                        Odenwald, even Brandenburg & E
                                        Prussia.
                                                                                From German-speaking CH. Several ten-
                                                                                thousand.

 50  21  1672 1681  N Ukrainians      S E of Dnepr R                        Q
                                                                                From Podolia (betw U Dnestr & Juzhny Bug
                                                                                RR). Many, fleeing from Turks.

 50  19  1677 1680  N Turks           T Ukraine (except for Crimea).        A
                                                                                From Balkans. 'Great Turkish armies'.

 50  20  1677 1680  N Turks           T Podolia (see map p.65, Putzger).    C
                                                                                From Balkans. 'Great Turkish armies'.

900 435  1677 1699  N Turks           T {Podolia (see map p.65, Putzger).}  L
                                        *{50-20}*
                                                                                For consistency with (50-20). End date
                                                                                from Ploetz. Taken over by Poland.

344   7  1683 #     N Bavarians       G Vienna, A                           A
                                                                                From Bavaria. Swept down slopes of
                                                                                Wienerwald, A, on September 12, 1683,
                                                                                destroying Turkish position.

344   6  1683 #     N Poles           S Vienna, A                           A
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Relief of Vienna
                                                                                from Turks. Swept down slopes of
                                                                                Wienerwald, A, on September 12, 1683,
                                                                                destroying Turkish position.

344   3  1683 #     N Saxons          G Bohemia & L A                       A
                                                                                From Saxony. Not really attack but advance
                                                                                of Saxon relief forces. Genetic
                                                                                consequences probably same as attack.

344   5  1683 #     N Turks           T Vienna, A                           A
                                                                                From H. Laid siege to Vienna in July,
                                                                                1863. The citizens & garrison held out
                                                                                long enough for Polish relief forces to
                                                                                cross Danube & hilly countryside to the N
                                                                                & W of Vienna.

149  58  1690 #     N Serbs           S Srem (Syrmien) region (betw Danube  E
                                        & Save RR)
                                                                                From Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,
                                                                                Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje, Duklje,
                                                                                Srbica (last 2 in Aegean Macedonia, rest
                                                                                in YU). + Morava R + Macedonia + Albania
                                                                                (excluding Durazzo), Epirus, Macedonia
                                                                                (excluding Thessaloniki), C GR, Morava-
                                                                                Vardar
                                                                                line with Belgrade in N. - Serbia, Bosnia,
                                                                                Neretva area, Zahumlje, Travunija,
                                                                                Konavlje, Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                                                                Macedonia, rest in YU). + Morava R +
                                                                                Macedonia + YU: N of Danube & S H. -
                                                                                Macedonia (YU). *{900-701}*

900 702  1690 1970  N Serbs           S {Serbia, Bosnia, Neretva area,      L
                                        Zahumlje, Travunija, Konavlje,
                                        Duklje, Srbica (last 2 in Aegean
                                        Macedonia, rest in YU). + Morava R
                                        + Macedonia + Albania (excluding
                                        Durazzo), Epirus, Macedonia
                                        (excluding Thessaloniki), C GR,
                                        Morava-Vardar
                                        line with Belgrade in N. - Serbia,      Start date to conform to (149-58). End
                                        Bosnia, Neretva area, Zahumlje,         date: still there today. In some of the
                                        Travunija, Konavlje, Duklje,            area Serbian may not now be spoken due to
                                        Srbica (last 2 in Aegean                assimilations.
                                        Macedonia, rest in YU). - Morava
                                        R - Macedonia + YU: N of Danube &
                                        S H - Macedonia (YU)} + {Srem
                                        (Syrmien) region
                                        (betw Danube & Save RR)} *{900-
                                        701} + {149-58}*

900 438  1699 #     N Venetians       I {Peloponnese (syn. Morea)} *{900-   C
                                        436}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica 15th ed.
                                                                                (Greece p.380). From Venice.

900 439  1699 1719  N Venetians       I {Peloponnese (syn. Morea)} *{900-   L
                                        436}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica 15th ed.
                                                                                (Greece p.380).

900 412  1700 #     N Chuvash         T {Betw Volga & Belaja RR; on right   T
                                        bank of Volga R, not W of Sura
                                        R} - {Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR
                                        Bashkir ASSR, Kujbysev and
                                        Uljanovsk districts of RSFSR. (See
                                        fig 11, ref 169 for part of this
                                        area.)} *{169-37} - {229-5}*
                                                                                Time fictitious (see (169-37)). To conform
                                                                                to (229-5).  To Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR,
                                                                                Bashkir ASSR, Kubysev and Uljanvsk
                                                                                districts of RSFSR. (See Fig.11, ref 169
                                                                                for part of this area.) *{229-5}*

229   5  1700 1970  N Chuvash         T Chuvash ASSR, Tatar ASSR Bashkir    L
                                        ASSR, Kujbysev and Uljanovsk
                                        districts of RSFSR. (See fig 11,
                                        ref 169 for part of this area.)
                                                                                Author states that originated from Finno-
                                                                                Ugrian speaking tribes of the Middle Volga
                                                                                R and Turkic speaking Bulgars or Bolgars
                                                                                (amalgamated during Middle Ages acc/to
                                                                                E). The following figures are the numbers
                                                                                of Chuvash in the designated
                                                                                areas (1979 census). The percentages are
                                                                                the percent of the population of area that
                                                                                is Chuvash. Only European areas given:
                                                                                Chuvash ASSR 888K (68.4 percent) Tatar
                                                                                ASSR 147K (4.3 percent) Bashkir ASSR 122K
                                                                                (3.2 percent) RSFSR 533K (1.2
                                                                                percent; percent not quite correct).

179  31  1700 #     A Dutch           G Vistula-Nogat delta (PL)            Q
                                                                                Mennonites from NL.

901 140  1700 1922  A English         G Ireland except for Ulster           I
                                                                                by Irish, start date tct 901-130; end date
                                                                                is independence of Ireland.

170  27  1700 1800  A Finns           F N N                                 S
                                                                                From N SF.

900 926  1700 1800  A Jews            E S S                                 S
                                                                                Not stated from where but they were
                                                                                Sephardic. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 47.

900 927  1700 1970  A Jews            E {S S} *{900-926}*                   L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-926). End
                                                                                date: still there. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                                                                S: 1930, 6.5K; 1980, 15K.

169  40  1700 #     A Kalmyks         N Lower Volga up to Manyc R           R
                                                                                From W Turkestan. *{169-41}*

900 358  1700 1970  A Kalmyks         N {Lower Volga up to Manyc R}         L
                                        (probably same as (212-15).) *{169-
                                        40}*
                                                                                Ref (212-15) says 268K people. His figures
                                                                                are pre WW II. Ref (169-40) says 65K
                                                                                people in 1970.

341   7  1703 1795  N Russians        S Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine &     C
                                        Khanate of Crimea, area in color5
                                        on map in ref 341 (SU)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Kiev-Pereyslavl-Poltava area; Don
                                                                                Cossack-Kalmyk area; Guryev-Orenburg-
                                                                                Yekaterinburg area, SU in color 4 on map
                                                                                in ref 341} *{900-780} + {900-781}
                                                                                + {900-782} + {900-787}* Wresting region
                                                                                from Swedes. Conquest took place under
                                                                                Peter I, & city of St. Petersburg (Pskov)
                                                                                founded; as well as access to Baltic Sea.
                                                                                For E. SU, popn. estimate is 15.5 million
                                                                                in 1725. Fierce wars led to
                                                                                destruction of Tatar Khanate in the Crimea
                                                                                & founding of Odessa provided outlet to
                                                                                Black Sea.
900 783  1703 1970  N Russians        S {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine &    L
                                        Khanate of Crimea, area in color5
                                        on map in ref 341 (SU)} *{341-7}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-7). End
                                                                                date: still there. Although Baltic
                                                                                republics were independent betw WWI &
                                                                                WWII, some Russians presumably remained
                                                                                there.

900 440  1719 #     N Turks           T {Peloponnese (syn. Morea)} *{900-   C
                                        436}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica 15th ed.
                                                                                (Greece p.380). From European Turkey.

900 441  1719 1830  N Turks           T {Peloponnese (syn. Morea)} *{900-   L
                                        436}*
                                                                                Acc/to Encyclopaedia Brittanica 15th ed.
                                                                                (Greece p.382).

179  29  1725 #     N Austrians       G SW D & E Prussia                    Q
                                                                                From Salzburg.

179  30  1725 #     N Austrians       G N & W D                             Q
                                                                                From Lower & Upper A.

174   8  1750 1850  A Greeks          H BG                                  Q
                                                                                From Greece; settled in cities.

900 202  1750 1908  A Greeks          H {BG} *{174-8}*                      L
                                                                                In cities. Expelled after independence.

 50  27  1762 1772  N Germans         G Banat (from Danube-Sava junction    R
                                        to Iron Gate.
                                                                                From Swabia, D. The Swabians. 11K families.

235   1  1762 1766  N Germans         G Volga R area S of Saratov N of      S
                                        Volgograd (= Stalingrad,
                                        Tsaritsyn). Also small area N of
                                        Kuybishev.
                                                                                From a triangle defined by Frankfurt,
                                                                                Aschaffenburg, Kassel. About 27K settlers.
                                                                                Became Volga Germans.

900 654  1762 1970  N Germans         G {Volga R area S of Saratov N of     L
                                        Volgograd (= Stalingrad,
                                        Tsaritsyn). Also small area N of
                                        Kuybishev.} *{235-1}*
                                                                                Volga Germans. For consistency with (235-
                                                                                1). Population estimated at between 1 M
                                                                                (213-28) and 230K (212-18).

901  78  1769 #     N French          I Corsica                             C
                                                                                From F. (Acc/to E.)

901  79  1769 1970  N French          I Corsica                             L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-78); end
                                                                                date: still there.

229  19  1790 1890  N Crimean Tatars  T Turkish Empire (especially          Q
                                        Dobrogea acc/to (50-26), but also
                                        BG acc/to (174-6)).
                                                                                From Crimea. 500K Tatars at start, 200K at
                                                                                end of this period.

238   2  1790 1970  N Crimean Tatars  T Dobrugea (ROM + BG)                 L
                                                                                In BG in 1878, 40-45K persons. In 1880,
                                                                                18K persons (rest had migrated to Turkey).
                                                                                Current number is 4K.

 50  25  1794 1830  N Greeks          H Crimea                              Q
                                                                                Said to be 'massive'. From Greece.

 50  24  1794 1830  N Russians        S Crimea                              Q
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} (less Crimea) + {Kiev-Pereyslavl-
                                                                                Poltava area; Don Cossack-Kalmyk
                                                                                area; Guryev-Orenburg- Yekaterinburg area,
                                                                                SU in color 4 on map in ref 341} *{900-
                                                                                780} + {900-781} + {900-782} + {900-783}*
                                                                                *(less Crimea) + {900-787}* (Massive
                                                                                Russian immigration.)

345   1  1796 1797  N French          I Mondovi, Dego, Lodi, Montenotte,    A
                                        Castiglione, Lonato, Bassano, &
                                        Arcole, Rivoli, N I
                                                                                From F. French victories under Napoleon's
                                                                                Italian campaign.

345   4  1799 #     N French          I Zurich, CH                          A
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon.

208   8  1800 1867  A Finns           F Finnmark (N)                        S
                                                                                From SF.

345   3  1800 #     N French          I Marengo, N I                        A
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon.

345   5  1800 #     N French          I Hohenlinden, (just E of Munich,D)   A
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon.

900 425  1800 1900  A Gagauz          T Dobrugea, Moldavian SSR & adjacent  Q
                                        areas of the Ukraine (Bessarabia).
                                                                                From BG. *{900-424}* 5K remained behind
                                                                                acc/to ref 229.

900 426  1800 1970  N Gagauz          T {Dobrugea, Moldavian SSR &          L
                                        adjacent areas of the Ukraine
                                        (Bessarabia).} *{900-425}*
                                                                                173K persons acc/to ref 229.

150   2  1800 1900  A Irish           K Liverpool, London                   Q
                                                                                From IRL.

900 879  1800 1880  A Jews            E Montpellier area (For detailed      E
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From SW F & SE F (For detailed locations
                                                                                see map p. 57 in Atlas of Jewish World).
                                                                                *{900-878}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 883  1800 1880  A Jews            E Seine RV less Paris (For detailed   E
                                        locations see map p. 60 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg (For
                                                                                detailed locations see map p. 50 in Atlas
                                                                                of Jewish World). *{900-882}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 60.

900 902  1800 1880  A Jews            E Rest of D, A, CH not yet covered    E
                                        by area of (900-900) (For detailed
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Much of D & A & CH - A, Silesia &
                                                                                Saxony + E of Elbe R & up to Oder R + N A,
                                                                                Schleswig, Holstein. *{900-900}* Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 61.

900 922  1800 1880  A Jews            E Russia E of Pale of Settlement      E
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                Dates inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World pp. 57 and 61, respectively.
                                                                                From PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia, Lithuania
                                                                                (For detailed locations see map p. 50 in
                                                                                Atlas of Jewish World.) + Moldavia,
                                                                                Wallachia, Hungary, (except
                                                                                for Budapest area), Slovakia, Bohemia, and
                                                                                Moravia [area colored yellow on map p. 44
                                                                                in Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World].
                                                                                *{900-921}*

900 928  1800 1880  A Jews            E Oslo, Trondheim                     S
                                                                                Not stated from where. Dates inferred from
                                                                                de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World pp. 57
                                                                                and 61, respectively.

900 809  1800 1880  A Jews            E N, C, & S AM (For detailed          T
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To W & SE AM. Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 832  1800 1880  N Jews            E W GR (For detailed locations see    T
                                        map p. 61 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From GR including Crete - W GR, W
                                                                                Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C Macedonia &
                                                                                C Thrace + W GR, W Macedonia & Thrace
                                                                                *{900-830}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 864  1800 1880  A Jews            E W BG & SW Croatia (For detailed     T
                                        locations see map p. 61 in Atlas
                                        of Jewish World.)
                                                                                To S YU coast & BG + Rest of Balkan S of
                                                                                Sava and Danube RR - W BG & SW Croatia.
                                                                                *{900-865}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 61.

900 810  1800 1970  N Jews            E {AM - C & E AM + Bosporus + N       L
                                        AM} - {N, C, & S AM} * {900-808} -
                                        {900-809} * (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 29, 30, 40,
                                        61, in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-809). End date:
                                                                                still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 198. 1930:
                                                                                80K. 1980: 22K.

900 833  1800 1880  N Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace + W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace} - {W GR} *{900-
                                        830} - {900-832}* (For detailed
                                        locations see maps pp. 25, 29, 30,
                                        40, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-830), (900-832)
                                                                                and (900-834).

900 865  1800 1880  A Jews            E {S YU coast & BG + Rest of Balkans  L
                                        S of Sava and Danube RR} - {W BG &
                                        SW Croatia} *{900-863} - {900-864}
                                        * (For detailed locations see maps
                                        pp. 40, 57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-864), (900-867)
                                                                                and (900-868).

900 880  1800 1880  A Jews            E {SW F & SE F} + {Montpellier area}  L
                                        *{900-878} + {900-879}* (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-879). Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 61.

900 892  1800 1881  A Jews            E {Paris, Troyes, Strasbourg} +       L
                                        {Seine RV - Paris} *{900-882} +
                                        {900-883}* (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 50, 60 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-883) and (900-
                                                                                884).

900 903  1800 1970  N Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  L
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R + N A, Schleswig, Holstein} +
                                        {Rest of D, A, CH not yet covered
                                        by area of (900-900)} *{900-900} +
                                        {900-902}* (This is equivalent to
                                        D, A, CH) (For detailed locations
                                        see maps pp. 40, 44, 57, 61 in          For consistency with (900-902). End date:
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)                 still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167. D: 1930,
                                                                                565K; 1980, 34.5K. A: 1930, 250K; 1980,
                                                                                8K. CH: 1930, 18K; 1980, 21K. Includes CS:
                                                                                1930, 357K; 1980, 8K.

900 923  1800 1970  N Jews            E {PL, W Ukraine, Byelorussia,        L
                                        Lithuania (For detailed locations
                                        see map p. 50 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.) + Moldavia, Wallachia,
                                        Hungary, (except for Budapest
                                        area), Slovakia, Bohemia, and
                                        Moravia [area colored yellow on
                                        map p. 44 in Lange:
                                        Atlas of the Jewish World].} +          Start date to conform to (900-922). End
                                        {Russia E of Pale of Settlement         date: still there. Dates inferred from de
                                        (For detailed locations see map         Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                        p.61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}        RSFR: 1930, 589K; 1980, 700K. Ukraine:
                                        *{900-921} + {900-922}*                 1930, 1544K; 1980, 634K. Byelorussia:
                                                                                1930, 407K; 1980, 135K. Lithuania:
                                                                                1930, 155K; 1980, 15K. Estonia: 1930,
                                                                                4.5K; 1980, 5K. Latvia: 1930, 96K; 1980,
                                                                                28K. SF: 1930, 1.8K; 1980, 1.2K. PL: 1930,
                                                                                3000K; 1980, 5K.

900 929  1800 1970  A Jews            E {Oslo, Trondheim} *{900-928}*       L
                                                                                Start date to conform to (900-928). End
                                                                                date: still there. N: 1930, 1.5K; 1980,
                                                                                0.9K.

169   9  1800 1900  A Karelians       F Tver (Kalinin, SU)                  S
                                                                                From Karelia.

169  77  1800 1900  A Ukrainians      S Novorossja (S steppes N of Crimea)  Q
                                                                                From Ukrainian heartland (Kiev, Cernigov,
                                                                                Poltava).

345   6  1805 #     N French          I Ulm, D & Austerlitz, CS             A
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon.

345   7  1806 #     N French          I Jena, DDR (Prussia)                 A
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon.

232  80  1807 1813  N French          I P, E                                A
                                                                                From F. Via the Pyrenees.

345   8  1807 #     N French          I Friedland & Eylau, E Prussia (NW    A
                                        SU)
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon.

341  12  1807 1815  N Russians        S E PL & C PL, including Lublin,      C
                                        Warsaw & Kalish (area in color 6
                                        on map in ref 341)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-
                                                                                782} + {900-783}*

900 784  1807 1970  N Russians        S {E PL & C PL, including Lublin,     L
                                        Warsaw & Kalish (area in color 6
                                        on map in ref 341)} *{341-12}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-12). End
                                                                                date: still there (even though part of
                                                                                this area again became Polish between WWI
                                                                                & WWII).

345  11  1809 1813  N English         G P, E, S F                           A
                                                                                From GB. British army under Duke of
                                                                                Wellington fought its way across E, from P.

341  15  1809 #     N Russians        S SF (area in color 6 on map in ref   C
                                        341)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-
                                                                                782} + {900-783}*

900 786  1809 1918  N Russians        S {SF (area in color 6 on map in ref  L
                                        341)} *{341-15}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-15). End
                                                                                date: independence of SF.

345  15  1812 #     N French          I Berezina (on Berezina R SU, W of    A
                                        Moscow), Krasnoi, Smolensk,
                                        Maloyaroslavets, Borodino, &
                                        Moscow, W SU.
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon, &
                                                                                captured Smolensk & Moscow.

341  14  1812 #     N Russians        S Area betw Prut & Dniester RR & N    C
                                        of Akkerman; the area known as
                                        'Bessarabia' (area in color 6 on
                                        map in ref 341)
                                                                                From {Area around Moscow, N to
                                                                                Solvychegdosk (on Vychegda R), E to
                                                                                Nizhniy Novgorod, S to Tula, & W to Desna
                                                                                R, SU. (See map, ref 341.)} + {Novgorod
                                                                                Territories plus SW area in color 2 on Map
                                                                                ref 341} + {Khanate of Kazan: area along
                                                                                Ural Mtns, & area S of Moscow to N Donets
                                                                                R, SU (area in color 3 on map in ref 341)}
                                                                                + {Baltic, Belorussia, W Ukraine & Khanate
                                                                                of Crimea, area in color 5 on map in ref
                                                                                341 (SU)} *{900-780} + {900-781} + {900-
                                                                                782} + {900-783}* Census
                                                                                of 1811-12 gave the greatly enlarged
                                                                                Russian empire a popn. of 42.75 million.
                                                                                Included were many peoples of diverse
                                                                                origin, both European & Asian. Only 4
                                                                                percent of popn. was urban, of which one
                                                                                third lived in Moscow & St. Petersburg.

900 785  1812 1970  N Russians        S {Area betw Prut & Dniester RR & N   L
                                        of Akkerman; the area known as
                                        'Bessarabia' (area in color 6 on
                                        map in ref 341)} *{341-14}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (341-14). End
                                                                                date: still there (even though this area
                                                                                was Rumanian between WWI & WWII).

345  16  1813 #     N French          I Lutzen, Leipzig, Dresden ;          A
                                        Bautzen, DDR & Hanau, D.
                                                                                From F. French victory under Napoleon,
                                                                                except at Leipzig.

345  19  1814 #     N Austrians       G N F & B                             A
                                                                                From A.

345  20  1814 #     N English         G F                                   A
                                                                                From GB. See ref for sites.

345  18  1814 #     N Prussians       G N F & B                             A
                                                                                From Prussia.

209   2  1814 #     N Russians        S DK                                  A
                                                                                In Swedish army, presumably from Russia.

345  17  1814 #     N Russians        S F (NC part)                         A
                                                                                From Russia.

209   1  1814 #     N Swedes          G DK                                  A
                                                                                From S. Bernadette's army.

345  24  1815 #     N French          I B                                   A
                                                                                From F. French defeated by Wellington
                                                                                (English) plus Dutch, Germans & Prussians.

210  14  1856 1881  A Russians        S Latgale & Ilukste distr. of         Q
                                        Zemgale, Latvia
                                                                                From Russia. In 1935 26.3 percent Russians
                                                                                and 2.7 percent White Ruthenians in these
                                                                                areas.

118  19  1860 #     A Circassians     O W Macedonia, YU                     Q
                                                                                From Karachajevo-Cherkess AP in SU. (Syn.
                                                                                Kasogi.) They speak a Caucasian language
                                                                                acc/to ref 229.

179  34  1860 1900  N Germans         G Ruhr & Rhine-Westphalian            Q
                                        industrial area.
                                                                                From Mecklenburg, Pommerania, W & E
                                                                                Prussia; 379 K people.

150   1  1860 1870  N Poles           S W D & E F                           Q
                                                                                From Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw), PL. +
                                                                                Middle Warta R around Poznan, PL. + Upper
                                                                                Oder R around Wroclaw, PL (see map ref
                                                                                302). + Middle or upper Odra R around
                                                                                Glogow, PL. + W of Wisla R, around
                                                                                Inowroclaw, PL (betw Wisla and Notec
                                                                                RR). + Upper Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa
                                                                                Klodzka & Upper Warta RR around Opole
                                                                                (Oppeln) PL. *{900-723}* Into mining
                                                                                areas. Dates refined from ref 179, p.89.

238   3  1878 1880  N Crimean Tatars  T TR                                  Q
                                                                                From Dobrugea (ROM + BG). *{238-2}*

900 834  1880 1930  N Jews            E W GR less Peloponnese (For          E
                                        detailed locations see map p. 67
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From GR including Crete - W GR, W
                                                                                Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C Macedonia &
                                                                                C Thrace + W GR, W Macedonia & Thrace - W
                                                                                GR. *{900-833}* Dates inferred from de
                                                                                Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World p. 67.

900 856  1880 1930  A Jews            E W Sicily (For detailed locations    E
                                        see map p. 67 in Atlas of Jewish
                                        World.)
                                                                                From C & N I (for detailed locations see
                                                                                maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of Jewish World).
                                                                                *{900-855}* Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 66.

900 868  1880 1930  A Jews            E {Balkans S of Sava & Danube RR      E
                                        with gaps in Bosnia &
                                        Serbia/Macedonia} - [INTERSECTION
                                        OF ({S YU coast & BG} + {Rest of
                                        Balkans S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        {W BG & SW Croatia}) AND {Balkans
                                        S of Sava & Danube RR with gaps in
                                        Bosnia & Serbia/Macedonia}]
                                        *{900-866} - INTERSECTION OF *          From INTERSECTION OF ({S YU coast & BG} +
                                        *{900-865} AND {900-866} * (For         {Rest of Balkan S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.         {W BG & SW Croatia}) AND {Balkans S of
                                        67, 40, 57, 61 respectively in          Sava & Danube RR with gaps in Bosnia &
                                        Atlas of Jewish World.)                 Serbia/Macedonia} * INTERSECTION OF {900-
                                                                                865} AND {900-866}* Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 67.

900 884  1880 1914  N Jews            E F (For detailed locations see map   Q
                                        p. 66 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                From Pale of Settlement. Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 62.

900 904  1880 1914  N Jews            E {Much of D & A & CH - (A, Silesia,  Q
                                        Saxony) + E of Elbe R & up to Oder
                                        R + N A, Schleswig, Holstein +
                                        Rest of D, A, CH not yet covered
                                        by area of (900-900) (This is
                                        equivalent to D, A, CH) (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        40, 44, 57,
                                        61 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}          From Pale of Settlement. Dates inferred
                                        *{900-903}*                             from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 62.

900 912  1880 1914  N Jews            E {England (but not Wales), S         Q
                                        Scotland, Low Countries, & E EI
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        50 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}
                                        *{900-910}*
                                                                                From Pale of Settlement. Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 62.

900 867  1880 1930  A Jews            E ({S YU coast & BG} + {Rest of       T
                                        Balkans S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        {W BG & SW Croatia}) -
                                        [INTERSECTION OF ({S YU coast &
                                        BG} + {Rest of Balkans S of Sava
                                        and Danube RR} - {W BG & SW
                                        Croatia}) AND {Balkans S of Sava &
                                        Danube RR with gaps
                                        in Bosnia & Serbia/Macedonia}]          To INTERSECTION OF ({S YU coast & BG} +
                                        *{900-865} - INTERSECTION OF *          {Rest of Balkan S of Sava and Danube RR} -
                                        *{900-865} AND {900-866} * (For         {W BG & SW Croatia}) AND {Balkans S of
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.         Sava & Danube RR with gaps in Bosnia &
                                        40, 57, 61, 67 in Atlas of Jewish       Serbia/Macedonia} * INTERSECTION OF {900-
                                        World.)                                 865} AND {900-866}* Dates inferred
                                                                                from de Lange: Atlas of the Jewish World
                                                                                p. 67.

900 835  1880 1970  N Jews            E {GR including Crete - W GR, W       L
                                        Macedonia & E Thrace - C GR, C
                                        Macedonia & C Thrace + W GR, W
                                        Macedonia & Thrace - W GR. (For
                                        detailed locations see maps pp.
                                        25, 29, 30, 40, 61 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)} +
                                        {W GR less Peloponnese (For             For consistency with (900-834). End date:
                                        detailed locations see map p. 67        still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                        in Atlas of Jewish World.)} *{900-      Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167.
                                        833} + {900-834}*                       1930:73K. 1980:5K.

900 857  1880 1970  A Jews            E {C & N I (For detailed locations    L
                                        see maps pp. 57, 61 in Atlas of
                                        Jewish World.)} + {W Sicily} *{900-
                                        855} + {900-856}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-856). Dates
                                                                                inferred from de Lange: Atlas of the
                                                                                Jewish World p. 167. 1930: 47K. 1980: 32K.
                                                                                Map on p. 167 does not show population in
                                                                                Sicily.

900 866  1880 1970  A Jews            E Balkans S of Sava & Danube RR with  L
                                        gaps in Bosnia & Serbia/Macedonia
                                        (For detailed locations see map p.
                                        67 in Atlas of Jewish World.)
                                                                                For consistency with (900-867) and (900-
                                                                                868), and end date inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167. BG:
                                                                                1930, 46K; 1980, 5K. YU: 1930, 68K; 1980,
                                                                                50K.

900 885  1880 1970  N Jews            E {F (For detailed locations see map  L
                                        p. 66 in Atlas of Jewish World.)}
                                        *{900-884}*
                                                                                For consistency with (900-884). End date:
                                                                                still there. Dates inferred from de Lange:
                                                                                Atlas of the Jewish World p. 167. 1930:
                                                                                230K, 1980: 600K (But these include large
                                                                                numbers of N Africans, ca 300K).

901  59  1881 1970  N Romanians       I {Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia  L
                                        (ROM)} *{901-57}*
                                                                                Start date to conform to (901-58); end
                                                                                date still there.

213   4  1900 1970  N Bulgarians      S Part of Ukraine annexed from ROM    L
                                        in 1940.
                                                                                Start date provisional. End date: present
                                                                                time. 300-1000K people. The population
                                                                                figures from this book (a generally more
                                                                                detailed reference than 212) have been
                                                                                updated from 1970 census. Figures obtained
                                                                                from the Encyclopedia Brittanica.
                                                                                Acc/to (213-4) some Bulgarians live in a
                                                                                few villages. Others were either
                                                                                restricted to BG or absorbed by the
                                                                                Russian or Ukrainian group. (Not in logic
                                                                                chart. We don't know how they got there at
                                                                                this point.)

233   1  1900 1923  A Greeks          H E Thrace & Constantinople           L
                                                                                650K to 730K.

233   2  1900 1923  A Greeks          H AM: Aegean coast, Bythinta area,    L
                                        Cappadocia, Pontus (Pontic area--
                                        note this is in AM not N of Black
                                        Sea). See map on p.146.
                                                                                2M in AM.

347  28  1913 1939  N Turks           T TR                                  R
                                                                                110K Turks left from BG.

347  30  1913 1939  N Turks           T TR                                  R
                                                                                80K Turks left from ROM.

347  18  1914 1923  N Armenians       O W TR & across Black Sea to Europe.  Q
                                                                                350,000 Armenians left E TR for here.

 45   1  1914 1923  N Greeks          H GR                                  R
                                                                                From Aegean coast.

346   3  1918 1919  A British         G Archangel & immediate area to S,SU  A
                                                                                From GB. Anti-Bolshevik forces from the
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

346   6  1918 1919  A British         G Via Murmansk, S to area W of White  A
                                        Sea, N SU.
                                                                                From GB. Anti-Bolshevik forces from
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

346  16  1918 #     A British         G Novorossiysk, on Black Sea, S SU    A
                                                                                From GB. Entente fleet attack on towns
                                                                                controlled by Bolsheviks since 1917.

346   7  1918 1921  N French          I Murmansk & Karelia, Archangel, N SU A
                                                                                From F. Anti-Bolshevik forces from the
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

346  15  1918 1921  A French          I Odessa & Simferopol, on Black Sea   N
                                        coast, S SU
                                                                                Entente fleet attack on towns controlled
                                                                                by Bolsheviks since 1917.

346  12  1918 1921  A Germans         G Area S of Pskov, N SU               A
                                                                                From Latvia & Lithuania. Baltic Germans;
                                                                                attacked western boundary of area
                                                                                controlled by Bolsheviks.

150   6  1918 1925  N Germans         G D                                   Q
                                                                                700 K people from W PL, Danzig (Gdansk),
                                                                                Memel (Klaipeda, Lithuania).

346   8  1918 1921  N Italians        I Murmansk & Karelia, N SU            A
                                                                                From I. Anti-Bolshevik forces from the
                                                                                Entente fleet, via Barents & White Seas.

346  11  1918 1921  A Lettigallians   B E from Riga to area S of Pskov, N   A
                                        SU.
                                                                                From Latvia. Attacked western boundary of
                                                                                area controlled by Bolsheviks.

346  13  1918 1921  A Poles           S Minsk, Gomel, & nr Kiev, W SU.      A
                                                                                From PL. Attacked western boundary of area
                                                                                controlled by Bolsheviks.

150   5  1918 1921  N Poles           S W PL, using 1923-1939 boundaries    R
                                        (Putzger p. 106/7)
                                                                                900 K people from Byelorussia (100K from E
                                                                                PL *{347-12}*, and other former Russian
                                                                                and Austrian parts of PL (Galicia,
                                                                                Volhynia, Polesia)). Mostly an internal
                                                                                migration with respect to the 1923-1939
                                                                                boundaries.

347  51  1918 1919  N Poles           S PL, using 1923-39 boundaries        R
                                        (Putzger p. 106/7)
                                                                                From E D (using 1923-39 boundaries,
                                                                                Putzger p. 106/7) area nr Warthe R.

346  14  1918 1921  A Romanians       I W Ukraine                           A
                                                                                Advance against Bolshevik forces in
                                                                                Ukraine. From Transylvania, Wallachia,
                                                                                Moldavia (ROM). *{901-59}*

346   9  1918 #     A Serbs           S Murmansk, Karelia SU                A
                                                                                From Serbia.

347  26  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                120K from NE GR.

347  31  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                70K from European TR, along border of BG.

347  32  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                50K from R (probably from Dobrugea).

347  38  1919 1924  A Bulgarians      S BG                                  M
                                                                                30K from border regions in Serbia &
                                                                                Macedonia that became YU.

347   5  1919 1924  A Estonians       F Estonia                             R
                                                                                200K including Latvians + Lithuanians.
                                                                                From Area W of Moscow, SU. *{347-2}*

347  54  1919 1924  A Germans         G E D                                 Q
                                                                                40,000 Germans from CS.

347  16  1919 1924  A Greeks          H Thrace, GR                          M
                                                                                60K Greeks left from Caucasus for here.
                                                                                Shown on map as NW TR, W of Istanbul, but
                                                                                must be as indicated.

347  20  1919 1924  A Greeks          H Area around Thessaloniki, GR        R
                                                                                From area immediately E of Istanbul, TR.
                                                                                *{347-19}* 300K Greeks left TR for here.

347  34  1919 1924  N Hungarians      C H                                   Q
                                                                                200,000 Hungarians left from R.

347  40  1919 1924  A Hungarians      C H                                   Q
                                                                                120K left from Slovakia.

347  42  1919 1924  N Hungarians      C H                                   Q
                                                                                80K left from Croatia.

347   4  1919 1924  A Lettigallians   B Latvia                              R
                                                                                Total of 200,000 Lettigallians, Estonians,
                                                                                & Lithuanians resettled after leaving area
                                                                                around Moscow.

347   6  1919 1924  A Lithuanians     B Lithuania                           R
                                                                                Total of 200,000 Lettigallians, Estonians,
                                                                                & Lithuanians resettled after leaving area
                                                                                around Moscow.

347  14  1919 1924  A Russians        S F, R, & YU                          Q
                                                                                From Russia. 650K Russian refugees from
                                                                                Bolshevik revolution settled here.

347  24  1919 1924  A Turks           T TR                                  R
                                                                                350K Turks left from NE GR.

347  36  1919 1924  A Turks           T TR                                  R
                                                                                20K Turks left from YU.

233   3  1920 1923  N Greeks          H Macedonia GR                        R
                                                                                1.5M from AM. Only 43 percent of
                                                                                Macedonian population ethnically Greek
                                                                                before population exchange.

347  22  1922 1924  N Greeks          H N GR                                R
                                                                                1M Greeks left from NW TR for here.

347  44  1922 1939  N Italians        I F                                   Q
                                                                                40 K Italian antifascist refugees left I
                                                                                for F.

900 664  1924 1940  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (347-26), (347-
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              31), (347-32), & (347-38). End date: post
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw          WWII adjustment of territory.
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of
                                        Tisza R + N Albania, Macedonia & W
                                        Thrace. - Macedonia, (YU, GR)} -
                                        {BG} - {BG} - {BG} - {BG} *{900-
                                        663} - {347-26}
                                        * * - {347-31} - {347-32} * * -
                                        {347-38} *

347  56  1933 1939  N Jews            E PL, F, CH, B, GB                    Q
                                                                                70K (= 290K less 220K overseas) refugees
                                                                                from Nazis from D.

347  46  1936 1939  A Spaniards       I F                                   Q
                                                                                160 K refugees from Spanish Civil War.

900 665  1940 #     N Bulgarians      S NE corner of current BG (see map    E
                                        5, p. 269, Times Atlas of World
                                        History)
                                                                                From W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E to
                                                                                Upper Pruth R on E side of Carpathian Mts;
                                                                                along Pruth downstream to Leovo, E across
                                                                                Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream along
                                                                                Dnestr to Black Sea. S border not stated
                                                                                by author but probably not
                                                                                quite up to modern S border of BG.
                                                                                (Included Pliska, Preslav, Adrianople) +
                                                                                Srem area (betw Sava & Danube RR) -
                                                                                Pannonia E of Tisza R + N Albania,
                                                                                Macedonia & W Thrace - Macedonia, (YU,
                                                                                GR) - BG. *{900-664}* Acc/to map 5, p.
                                                                                269, Times
                                                                                Atlas of World History.

900 666  1940 1970  N Bulgarians      S {W boundary Tisza R; W Tisza R E    L
                                        to Upper Pruth R on E side of
                                        Carpathian Mts; along Pruth
                                        downstream to Leovo, E across
                                        Bessarabia to Dnestr R. Downstream
                                        along Dnestr to Black Sea. S
                                        border not stated by author but
                                        probably not quite
                                        up to modern S border of BG.            Start date to conform to (900-665). End
                                        (Included Pliska, Preslav,              date: present time.
                                        Adrianople). + Srem area (betw
                                        Sava & Danube RR). - Pannonia E of
                                        Tisza R + N Albania, Macedonia & W
                                        Thrace. - Macedonia, (YU, GR) -
                                        BG} + {NE corner of current BG
                                        (see map 5, p.
                                        269, Times Atlas of World
                                        History)} *{900-664} + {900-665}*

212  17  1940 1960  N Greeks          H Around Kherson & Dnepropetrovsk     L
                                                                                286K people. His figures are pre WW II.

235   2  1941 #     N Germans         G Siberia & C Asia                    R
                                                                                From Volga R area S of Saratov N of
                                                                                Volgograd (= Stalingrad, Tsaritsyn). Also
                                                                                small area N of Kuybishev. *{900-654}*
                                                                                Volga Germans. By Soviets. (1.8M people
                                                                                incl other Germans in Russia in 1956).

229  14  1944 #     N Crimean Tatars  T C Asia                              R
                                                                                From Crimea. Forcibly resettled by Soviets.

151   2  1945 1970  N Austrians       G CH                                  Q
                                                                                0.69 percent of population. From A.

900 132  1945 1950  N Estonians       F N SU, SE of Leningrad               R
                                                                                Acc/to (348-26). 40K to N SU.

900 128  1945 1950  N Estonians       F E S                                 S
                                                                                Acc/to (348-26). 60K to S.

151   3  1945 1970  N French          I CH                                  Q
                                                                                From F. 0.82 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

151   1  1945 1970  N Germans         G CH                                  Q
                                                                                1.85 percent of population. From D.

179  39  1945 1968  N Germans         G W D (FRG)                           Q
                                                                                From DDR, more than 6 M people.

179  38  1945 1950  N Germans         G D (FRG + GDR)                       R
                                                                                From E provinces lost after WWII, 11.8 M
                                                                                people. (E Prussia, new W PL, CS
                                                                                (Sudetenland).)

151   6  1945 1970  N Greeks          H CH                                  L
                                                                                0.14 percent of population.

151   9  1945 1970  N Greeks          H W D                                 L
                                                                                0.56 percent of population.

151   4  1945 1970  N Italians        I CH                                  Q
                                                                                From I. 8.40 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

151  11  1945 #     N Italians        I W D                                 Q
                                                                                From I. 0.91 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

348  28  1945 1950  N Lettigallians   B WC SU, S of Pskov & SE S            S
                                                                                From Latvia, SU. *{348-27}* 100K to C SU,
                                                                                & 90K to SE S.

348  30  1945 1950  N Lithuanians     B WC SU & W D                         R
                                                                                From Lithuania, SU. *{348-29}* 80K to C SU
                                                                                & 50K to N PL.

150   8  1945 1947  N Poles           S New W PL (former German area)       R
                                                                                3 M from other areas of PL that were
                                                                                Polish both before and after WWII (see
                                                                                also (348-21)).

348  20  1945 1950  N Poles           S PL (probably most into the former   R
                                        German provinces, now W PL)
                                                                                1.5 M people from former E PL now SU.

213  27  1945 1970  N Poles           S W Ukraine, Belorussia, Lithuania    L
                                        (probably portion that was Polish
                                        between the World Wars)
                                                                                1-5 M people. The population figures from
                                                                                this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than 212) have been updated from
                                                                                1970 census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica. These apparently
                                                                                are unassimilated Poles not affected
                                                                                by population transfers post WWII. Must
                                                                                modify earlier records to reflect this.

900 728  1945 1970  N Poles           S {Middle Vistula R (incl Warsaw),    L
                                        PL + Middle Warta R around Poznan,
                                        PL + Upper Oder R around Wroclaw,
                                        PL (see map ref 302) + Middle or
                                        upper Odra R around Glogow, PL + W
                                        of Wisla R, around Inowroclaw, PL
                                        (betw Wisla and Notec RR) + Upper
                                        Odra (Oder) R, betw Nysa Klodzka &      Start date to conform to (150-8). End
                                        Upper Warta RR around Opole             date: still there.
                                        (Oppeln) PL.} - (former E PL now
                                        SU) + {New W PL (former German
                                        area)} *{900-723} -(former E PL
                                        now SU)* * + {150-8} *

348  18  1945 1950  N Russians        S Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, former  Q
                                        E PL, NE Prussia & Moldavia
                                                                                2.3 M from Russia.

151   5  1945 1970  N Spaniards       I CH                                  Q
                                                                                From E. 1.63 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

151  10  1945 1970  N Spaniards       I W D                                 Q
                                                                                From E. 0.40 percent of population. Guest
                                                                                workers.

900 428  1945 1970  N Turks           T CH                                  Q
                                                                                Acc/to (151-8). 27K from TR. 0.19 percent
                                                                                of CH population.

900 429  1945 1970  N Turks           T W D                                 Q
                                                                                Acc/to (151-13). 469K from TR. 0.77
                                                                                percent of population.

150  11  1946 1947  N Czechs          S Former Sudetenland, CS (see map p.  Q
                                        110 in Putzger)
                                                                                & Slovaks, 1.8 M from Inner CS (see map p.
                                                                                110 in Putzger).

901 206  1946 1947  N Slovaks         S {Former Sudetenland, CS (see map    Q
                                        p. 110 in Putzger)} *{150-11}*
                                                                                From Slovakia. *{900-751}*

213   6  1960 1970  N Greeks          H Ukrainian villages nr Black Sea     L
                                        (Equivalent to area described in
                                        {212-17}).
                                                                                300-1000K people. The population figures
                                                                                from this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than 212) have been updated from
                                                                                1970 census. Figures obtained from the
                                                                                Encyclopedia Brittanica.

213   9  1960 1970  N Latvians        B Latvia                              L
                                                                                1430K people. The population figures from
                                                                                this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than ref 212) have been updated
                                                                                from 1970 census. Figures obtained from
                                                                                the Encyclopedia Brittanica.

213  10  1960 1970  N Lithuanians     B Lithuania                           L
                                                                                2665K people. The population figures from
                                                                                this book (a generally more detailed
                                                                                reference than ref 212) have been updated
                                                                                from 1970 census. Figures obtained from
                                                                                the Encyclopedia Brittanica.


Abbreviations References

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Last Altered January 10, 1996
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